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Produced by Dennis McCarthy





A

CATECHISM

OF

CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE



PREPARED AND ENJOINED
BY ORDER OF THE
THIRD PLENARY COUNCIL OF BALTIMORE
(In Accordance with the New Canon Law)



No. 3

{For Two Years' Course for Post-Confirmation Classes}



SUPPLEMENTED BY
Rev. THOMAS L. KINKEAD
Author of "An Explanation of the Baltimore Catechism"


Published by Ecclesiastical Authority


NEW YORK, BOSTON, CINCINNATI, CHICAGO, SAN FRANCISCO
BENZIGER BROTHERS, INC.
PRINTERS TO THE HOLY APOSTOLIC SEE




Imprimatur:
JOHN CARDINAL McCLOSKEY, Archbishop of New York.
NEW YORK, April 6, 1885


The Catechism ordered by the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore, having
been diligently compiled and examined, is hereby approved.
+ JAMES GIBBONS, Archbishop of Baltimore, Apostolic Delegate.
BALTIMORE, April 6, 1885.



Nihil obstat:
REV. REMIGIUS LAFORT, S.T.L., Censor Librorum.

Imprimatur:
+ MICHAEL AUGUSTINE, Archbishop of New York.
NEW YORK, February 21, 1901.

Nihil obstat:
ARTHUR J. SCANLAN, S.T.D., Censor Librorum.

Imprimatur:
+ PATRICK J. HAYES, D.D., Archbishop of New York.
NEW YORK, June 29, 1921.




{Transcriber's Note: This book is commonly known as "The Baltimore
Catechism No. 3" and is part of a four volume e-text collection. See
the author's note below for the background and purpose of the series.
This e-text collection is substantially based on files generously
provided by http://www.catholic.net/ with some missing material
transcribed and added for this release. Transcriber's notes in this
series are placed within braces, and usually prefixed "T.N.:".}




NOTE


These Catechisms of the Baltimore Series are arranged on a progressive
plan. No. 00 gives the Prayers and Acts to be learned before the study
of the Catechisms begins: - No. 0 contains one half the questions of No.
1; No. 1 half the questions of No. 2; No. 2 one-third the questions of
No. 3, and No. 4 (an Explanation of the Baltimore Catechism) furnishes
much additional information with copious explanations and examples.

The same questions bear the same numbers throughout the series, and
their wording is identical. The different sizes of type make the
Catechisms more suitable to their respective grades, smaller children
usually requiring larger print.

Apart from its educational advantages, the progressive plan aims at
lessening the expense in providing children with Catechisms, by
furnishing just what is necessary for each grade; it aims also at
encouraging the children to learn, by affording opportunity for
promotion from book to book.

These Catechisms are intended to furnish a complete course of religious
instruction, when, used as follows:

No. 00 for Prayer classes.
No. 0 for Confession classes and certain adults.
No. 1 for First Communion classes.
No. 2 for Confirmation classes.
No. 3 for two years' course for Post-Confirmation classes.
No. 4 for Teachers and Teachers' Training classes.





PREFACE TO NO. 3

I have been requested by several priests to prepare an abridgment of the
"Explanation of the Baltimore Catechism" that would be suitable as a
classbook for children who have been confirmed or who have completed the
study of the Baltimore Catechism No. 2. The "Explanation" itself
contains more matter than some of these children can master and it costs
a little more than many of them can afford to pay. I have, therefore,
selected from the list given in the back of the "Explanation" a large
number of the more practical and important questions, to which I have
added others, with answers, as full, brief and simple as the matter will
permit. These questions and answers are added to those of the Baltimore
Catechism No. 2, but with such distinction in type that all may see they
are not a part of the Catechism prepared by the Council, but only a
development of its meaning.

{T.N.: It is not practical below to mimic "such distinction in type"
that exists in the original book. To indicate the questions prepared by
the Council I have added in braces their corresponding numbers from
Baltimore Catechism No. 2. For example, question 130 below is question 1
in Baltimore Catechism No. 2. Fr. Kinkead's supplemental questions lack
this double numbering.}

Whenever questions on the same subject are repeated in the book their
object is to bring out some new point or to show their connection with
the subject-matter there explained.

AUTHOR.




CONTENTS




PRAYERS.

The Lord's Prayer
The Angelical Salutation
The Apostles' Creed
The Confiteor
An Act of Faith
An Act of Hope
An Act of Love
An Act of Contrition
The Blessing before Meals
Grace after Meals
The Manner in Which a Lay Person Is to Baptize in Case of Necessity


CATECHISM.

Lesson FIRST - On the End of Man
Lesson SECOND - On God and His Perfections
Lesson THIRD - On the Unity and Trinity of God
Lesson FOURTH - On Creation
Lesson FIFTH - On Our First Parents and the Fall
Lesson SIXTH - On Sin and Its Kinds
Lesson SEVENTH - On the Incarnation and Redemption
Lesson EIGHTH - On Our Lord's Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension
Lesson NINTH - On the Holy Ghost and His Descent Upon the Apostles
Lesson TENTH - On the Effects of the Redemption
Lesson ELEVENTH - On the Church
Lesson TWELFTH - On the Attributes and Marks of the Church
Lesson THIRTEENTH - On the Sacraments in General
Lesson FOURTEENTH - On Baptism
Lesson FIFTEENTH - On Confirmation
Lesson SIXTEENTH - On the Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Ghost
Lesson SEVENTEENTH - On the Sacrament of Penance
Lesson EIGHTEENTH - On Contrition
Lesson NINETEENTH - On Confession
Lesson TWENTIETH - On the Manner of Making a Good Confession
Lesson TWENTY-FIRST - On Indulgences
Lesson TWENTY-SECOND - On the Holy Eucharist
Lesson TWENTY-THIRD - On the Ends for which the Holy Eucharist was
Instituted
Lesson TWENTY-FOURTH - On the Sacrifice of the Mass
Lesson TWENTY-FIFTH - On Extreme Unction and Holy Orders
Lesson TWENTY-SIXTH - On Matrimony
Lesson TWENTY-SEVENTH - On the Sacramentals
Lesson TWENTY-EIGHTH - On Prayer
Lesson TWENTY-NINTH - On the Commandments of God
Lesson THIRTIETH - On the First Commandment
Lesson THIRTY-FIRST - The First Commandment - On the Honor and Invocation
of the Saints
Lesson THIRTY-SECOND - From the Second to the Fourth Commandment
Lesson THIRTY-THIRD - From the Fourth to the Seventh Commandment
Lesson THIRTY-FOURTH - From the Seventh to the Tenth Commandment
Lesson THIRTY-FIFTH - On the First and Second Commandments of the Church
Lesson THIRTY-SIXTH - On the Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Commandments
of the Church
Lesson THIRTY-SEVENTH - On the Last Judgment and Resurrection, Hell,
Purgatory and Heaven




Catechism of Christian Doctrine



PRAYERS


The Lord's Prayer.

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come;
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily
bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass
against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
Amen.


The Angelical Salutation.

Hail Mary, full of grace! the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou
amongst women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary,
Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.
Amen.


The Apostles' Creed.

I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and
in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy
Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was
crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into hell; the third day
He arose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, sitteth at the
right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to
judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Holy
Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the
resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.


The Confiteor.

I confess to Almighty God, to blessed Mary, ever Virgin, to blessed
Michael the Archangel, to blessed John the Baptist, to the holy Apostles
Peter and Paul, and to all the Saints, that I have sinned exceedingly in
thought, word and deed, through my fault, through my fault, through my
most grievous fault. Therefore, I beseech blessed Mary, ever Virgin,
blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy
Apostles Peter and Paul, and all the Saints, to pray to the Lord our God
for me.

May the Almighty God have mercy on me, and forgive me my sins, and bring
me to everlasting life. Amen.

May the Almighty and merciful Lord grant me pardon, absolution, and
remission of all my sins. Amen.


An Act of Faith.

O my God! I firmly believe that Thou art one God in three Divine
persons, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; I believe that Thy Divine Son
became man, and died for our sins, and that he will come to judge the
living and the dead. I believe these and all the truths which the Holy
Catholic Church teaches, because Thou hast revealed them, who canst
neither deceive nor be deceived.


An Act of Hope.

O my God! relying on Thy infinite goodness and promises, I hope to
obtain pardon of my sins, the help of Thy grace, and life everlasting,
through the merits of Jesus Christ, my Lord and Redeemer.


An Act of Love.

O my God! I love Thee above all things, with my whole heart and soul,
because Thou art all-good and worthy of all love. I love my neighbor as
myself for the love of Thee. I forgive all who have injured me, and ask
pardon of all whom I have injured.


An Act of Contrition.

O my God! I am heartily sorry for having offended Thee, and I detest all
my sins, because I dread the loss of heaven and the pains of hell; but
most of all because they offend Thee, my God, who art all-good and
deserving of all my love. I firmly resolve, with the help of Thy grace,
to confess my sins, to do penance, and to amend my life.


The Blessing before Meals.

+ Bless us, O Lord! and these Thy gifts, which we are about to receive
from Thy bounty, through Christ our Lord. Amen.


Grace after Meals.

+ We give Thee thanks for all Thy benefits, O Almighty God, who livest
and reignest for ever; and may the souls of the faithful departed,
through the mercy of God, rest in peace. Amen.



The Manner in which a Lay Person is to Baptize in Case of Necessity:

Pour common water on the head or face of the person to be baptized and
say while pouring it:

"I baptize thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the
Holy Ghost."

N.B. Any person of either sex who has reached the use of reason can
baptize in case of necessity.




CATECHISM



THE LORD'S PRAYER.


Q. 1. Say the Lord's Prayer.
A. Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom
come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our
daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who
trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us
from evil. Amen.

Q. 2. Who made the Lord's Prayer?
A. Our Lord Himself made the Lord's Prayer for the use of His disciples
and of all the faithful.

Q. 3. Why is the "Our Father" the most excellent of all Prayers?
A. The "Our Father" is the most excellent of all prayers because Our
Lord Himself made it and because its petitions ask for all we can need
for soul or body.

Q. 4. How is the Lord's Prayer divided?
A. The Lord's Prayer is divided into seven requests or petitions. Three
of these petitions refer to God's honor and glory, and the remaining
four to our corporeal or spiritual wants.

Q. 5. Whom do we address as "Our Father" when we say the Lord's Prayer?
A. When we say "Our Father" in the Lord's Prayer we address Almighty
God, Father, Son and Holy Ghost united in the adorable Trinity.

Q. 6. Why do we say "our" and not "my" Father?
A. We say "our" and not "my" Father to remind us that through our
creation and redemption, we are all members of the great human family of
which God is the Father; and that we should pray for and help one
another.

Q. 7. Why do we call God Father?
A. We call God Father because He does for us what a good father should
do for his children. He gives us our existence; He protects us; He
provides for us and teaches us; and because the name of "Father" fills
us with love and reverence for him, and with confidence in Him.

Q. 8. Why do we say "Who art in heaven" if God be everywhere?
A. We say "who art in heaven" to put us in mind (1) that heaven is our
true home for which we were created; (2) that in heaven we shall see God
face to face as He is; (3) that heaven is the place where God will be
for all eternity, with the blessed.

Q. 9. What does "Hallowed be Thy Name" mean?
A. Hallowed means set apart for a holy or sacred use, and thus comes to
mean treated or praised as holy or sacred. "Thy name" means God Himself
and all relating to Him, and by this petition we ask that God may be
known, loved and served by all.

Q. 10. What do we ask for in the petition: "Thy kingdom come"?
A. In the petition "Thy kingdom come" we ask (1) that God may reign in
the souls of all men by His grace, so that they may attain eternal
salvation; (2) that the true Church - Christ's kingdom - may spread upon
earth till all men embrace the true religion.

Q. 11. Who do God's Will in heaven?
A. In heaven the Angels and Saints do God's Will perfectly. They never
disobey, or even wish to disobey Him. In the petition, "Thy Will be done
on earth as it is in heaven," we pray that all God's creatures may
imitate the Angels and Saints in heaven by never offending Him.

Q. 12. What do we ask for by "our daily bread"?
A. In the petition for "our daily bread" we ask not merely for bread,
but for all that we need for the good of our body or soul.

Q. 13. Why do we say "daily"?
A. We say "daily" to teach us that we are not to be avaricious but only
prudent in providing for our wants; and that we are to have great
confidence in the providence of God.

Q. 14. What do "trespasses" mean?
A. "Trespasses" mean here injuries done or offenses given to another,
and when God is the person offended, "trespasses" mean sins.

Q. 15. What do you mean by "forgive us our trespasses as we forgive
those who trespass against us"?
A. In this petition we declare to God that we have forgiven all who have
injured or offended us, and ask Him to reward us by pardoning our sins.

Q. 16. When may we be said to forgive those who trespass against us?
A. We may be said to forgive our enemies when we act, and, as far as
possible, feel toward them as if they had never injured us.

Q. 17. What is temptation?
A. A temptation is anything that incites, provokes, or urges us to
offend God.

Q. 18. What is the best means of overcoming temptation?
A. The best means of overcoming temptation is to resist its very
beginning, by turning our attention from it; by praying for help to
resist it; and by doing the opposite of what we are tempted to do.

Q. 19. Does God tempt us to sin?
A. God does not tempt us to sin; but He permits us to be tempted to try
our fidelity or punish our pride; and to give us an opportunity of
meriting rewards for ourselves by overcoming the temptations.

Q. 20. Can we always resist temptation?
A. We can always resist temptation if we wish, for God always gives us
sufficient grace and never permits us to be tempted above our strength.

Q. 21. Is it a sin to be tempted?
A. It is not a sin to be tempted, because we cannot prevent it. It is
sinful only to consent or yield to the temptation or needlessly expose
ourselves to it.

Q. 22. From what do our temptations come?
A. Our temptations come either from the devil, our spiritual enemy, or
from the world; that is, the wicked persons, places, or things in the
world; or from the flesh; that is, our body with its strong passions and
evil inclinations.

Q. 23. Should we seek temptation for the sake of overcoming it?
A. We must not expose ourselves to temptation, but, on the contrary,
carefully avoid it, yet resist it bravely when it assails us.

Q. 24. From what evil do we ask to be delivered?
A. We ask to be delivered from every evil of body and mind, but
particularly to be delivered from sin, which is the greatest of all
evils.

Q. 25. What does "Amen" mean?
A. "Amen" means so be it; and expresses a desire that the petition may
be granted.

Q. 26. What does Christian mean?
A. A Christian is a baptized person who professes to believe all that
Christ has taught, and to do all that He has commanded as necessary for
our salvation.



THE ANGELICAL SALUTATION.


Q. 27. Say the Angelical Salutation.
A. Hail Mary, full of grace! the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou
amongst women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary,
Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.
Amen.

Q. 28. What is a salutation?
A. A salutation is the customary words or actions by which the people of
a country greet one another.

Q. 29. Why is this salutation called Angelical?
A. This salutation is called Angelical because it was given by an angel.

Q. 30. What does "hail" mean?
A. "Hail" means, I wish you health. It is an exclamation of respectful
greeting.

Q. 31. How is the "Hail Mary" divided?
A. The "Hail Mary" is divided into two parts. The first part, made by
the Angel Gabriel and St. Elizabeth, contains the praises of the Mother
of God; and the second part, added by the Church, begs her intercession
for sinners.

Q. 32. Why is the "Hail Mary" usually placed after the Lord's Prayer?
A. The "Hail Mary" is usually placed after the Our Father because it is
an inspired prayer, the most excellent after the Lord's Prayer, and also
that the Blessed Mother may, by her powerful intercession, aid us in
obtaining what we ask.

Q. 33. Who was St. Elizabeth?
A. St. Elizabeth was the mother of St. John the Baptist and the cousin
of the Blessed Virgin.

Q. 34. What answer did the Blessed Virgin make to the words of St.
Elizabeth?
A. The Blessed Virgin answered St. Elizabeth in the words of the
beautiful Magnificat.

Q. 35. What is the Magnificat?
A. The Magnificat is the splendid canticle or hymn in which the Blessed
Virgin praises God and returns Him thanks for the great things He has
done for her. It is usually sung at Vespers in the Church.

Q. 36. Why do we address Mary as "full of grace"?
A. We address Mary as "full of grace" because she was never guilty of
the slightest sin; was endowed with every virtue, and blessed with a
constant increase of grace in her soul.

Q. 37. Why do we say "the Lord is with thee"?
A. We say "the Lord is with thee," for besides being with her as He is
with all His creatures on account of His presence everywhere; and as He
is with the good on account of their virtue, He is with Mary in a very
special manner on account of her dignity as Mother of His Son.

Q. 38. Why is Mary called "blessed amongst women"?
A. Mary is called "blessed amongst women" on account of her personal
holiness, her great dignity as Mother of God, and her freedom from
original sin.

Q. 39. Why is Mary called "holy"?
A. Mary is called "holy" because one full of grace and endowed with
every virtue must be holy.

Q. 40. Why do we need Mary's prayers at the hour of death?
A. We need Mary's prayers at the hour of death because at that time our
salvation is in greatest danger, and our spiritual enemies most anxious
to overcome us.

Q. 41. Why do we say the "Hail Mary"?
A. We say the "Hail Mary" to put us in mind of the Incarnation, and to
show our devotion to the Mother of God, and our confidence in her
assistance.

Q. 42. In what form of prayer is the "Hail Mary" most frequently
repeated?
A. The "Hail Mary" is most frequently repeated in the recitation of the
rosary or beads.

Q. 43. What is the Angelus?
A. The Angelus is a prayer giving a brief history of the Incarnation.

Q. 44. Say the Angelus.
A. The Angel of the Lord declared unto Mary. And she conceived of the
Holy Ghost. Hail Mary, &c. Behold the handmaid of the Lord. Be it done
unto me according to Thy Word. Hail Mary, &c. And the Word was made
flesh. And dwelt among us. Hail Mary, &c. Pray for us, O Holy Mother of
God! That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Let us pray:

Pour forth, we beseech Thee, O Lord, Thy grace into our hearts that we
to whom the Incarnation of Christ Thy Son was made known by the message
of an angel, may, by His Passion and cross, be brought to the glory of
His resurrection, through the same Christ Our Lord. Amen.

Q. 45. At what time is the Angelus usually said?
A. The Angelus is said in the evening, it memory of the Incarnation; in
the morning, in memory of the Resurrection, and at noon in memory of the
Passion of Our Lord.

Q. 46. What does "the Word was made flesh" mean in the Angelus?
A. "The Word" means the second person of the Blessed Trinity, and "made
flesh" means became man.

Q. 47. What is the Litany of the Blessed Virgin?
A. The Litany is a form of prayer in which we address our Blessed Lady
by many beautiful titles, such as Mother of God, Virgin Most Pure,
Refuge of Sinners, &c., asking her after each to pray for us.

Q. 48. Are there any other Litanies in use besides the Litany of the
Blessed Virgin?
A. Besides the Litany of the Blessed Virgin there are other Litanies in
use, especially the Litany of the Saints, the Litany of the Holy Name of
Jesus, the Litany of the Sacred Heart, &c.



THE APOSTLES' CREED.


Q. 49. Say the Apostles' Creed.
A. I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth;
and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the
Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was
crucified; died, and was buried. He descended into hell: the third day
He arose again from the dead: He ascended into heaven, sitteth at the
right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to
judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Holy
Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the
resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

Q. 50. What is a creed?
A. A creed is a summary or list of the chief truths we believe or
profess to believe. It is a compendium of doctrine.

Q. 51. Why is this creed called the Apostles'?
A. This creed is called the Apostles' because it came down to us from
the Apostles, and also to distinguish it from longer creeds in use in
the Church, such as the Nicene Creed, which is said in the Mass; the
Athanasian Creed, which is said in the priests' divine Office, and the
Creed of Pope Pius IV, which is used on solemn occasions.

Q. 52. Do all these creeds teach the same doctrines?
A. All these creeds teach the same doctrines, for the longer creeds are
only a fuller explanation of the truths contained in the Apostles'
Creed.

Q. 53 Who were the Apostles?
A. The Apostles were the twelve men selected by Our Lord to be the first
bishops of His Church.

Q. 54. How do you know the Apostles were bishops?
A. I know the Apostles were bishops because they could administer the
Sacraments of Confirmation and Holy Orders and make laws for the Church,
as we learn from Holy Scripture, and these powers belong to bishops
alone.

Q. 55. Who were the disciples of Our Lord?
A. The disciples were the seventy-two chosen followers of Our Lord, whom
He sent to preach and perform good works in every city and place whither
He Himself was to come. The Apostles also are frequently called "the
disciples."

Q. 56. Why did the Apostles leave us a creed?
A. The Apostles left us a creed that all who wished to become Christians
might have a standard of the truths they must know and believe before
receiving Baptism.

Q. 57. How many articles or parts in the Apostles' Creed?
A. There are twelve articles or parts in the Apostles' Creed. They refer
to God the Father in the works of creation; to God the Son in the works
of redemption; to God the Holy Ghost in the works of sanctification; and
each article contradicts one or more false doctrines on these subjects.

Q. 58. What does Creation mean?
A. To create means to produce out of nothing. God alone has this power,
and He alone can be called "Creator."

Q. 59. Had Jesus Christ more than one Father?
A. God the Father, the First Person of the Blessed Trinity, is the only
real and true Father of Jesus Christ, as the Blessed Virgin is His true
Mother. St. Joseph, whom we also call His father, was only His
foster-father or guardian upon earth.

Q. 60. By what names is Our Lord called?


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