miles and carrying my dinner in my hand.
Mr. H. W. Bates and myself were accustomed to
labor much together, changing works. In the winter
of 1816, we went a mile into the woods to chop ; there
by accident a tree fell on him crushing him badly.
Had lie been alone he would have perished. On an-
other occasion Mr. Bates and another man witli my-
278 PIONEER HISTORY
self, went two miles into the Avoods one day in June,,
and felled the timber on two acres. I think the like-
was never done in that neighborhood before or since.
In the early settlement of the Genesee country, in-
temperance prevailed to an alarming extent. Almost
everybody drank whisky free as water when they
conld get it, and I am surprised so many escaped
total and eternal ruin. Many years ago I saw the-
evil and totally abandoned the use of every thing that
i ntoxicates as a beverage and labored faithfully as I
could to save others. For my zeal and persistence in
opposing tlif^ traffic in liquor, I have suffered much
from rumsellers. At an early day I have seen Justi-
ces Courts in session with a bottle of whisky on the
table before them, thus polluting the fountains of
justice with the vile abomination, and if the
Honorable Court happened to become too much ah-
sorbcd with the cj-eature, they would adjourn over to
I have had a large experience in hunting bears,,
deer, raccoons and wolves, and camping out in the
woods in cold and stoi-m, without fire or food, working-
out in the dead of winter, eating frozen dinners in the
woods, sharing fully my part in all sorts of hardships
which fell to the lot of the first settlers here. I have
endured it all, and lived to a good old age, thankful
to that good Providence which has cai'i'ied me through
so far and so safely.
Albion, F'cbriiary 20tli, 1801.
Mr. Mauley dicxi in AlT)ion, July 2nth, 1867, aged
"I was born in Lisbon, Connecticut, October 25th,.
1801. My ancestors came to America from England
sme time in the sixteenth century. My father re-
OF ORLEANS COUNTY. 279
moved to Columbus, Chenango county, N. Y. in 1805.
In 1810 he removed to Utica, and in 1817 he settled
with his family on what was then called the Triangle
Tract, n(^ar the county line, and between the towns of
Kendall and Hamlin, about three miles from Lake
Ontario. The place was then called Clark's settle-
ment, because three brothers of the name of Clark
settled tlieie. My uncles, Caleb and James settled
there one year before my fatlier, whose name was
William Clark, came on, which was quite a help to
us, for they had a little wheat sown, and some corn
and potatoes planted.
When my lather arrived there was not a pound ol
pork or tloui' in the settlement, except what he brought
with him ; and tlie next day the pork. Hour and whis-
ky were divided among tlie neighbors.
One reason for the entire destitution among the set-
tlers was the anti'ned
by his son, Capt. H. W. Bates.
The lirst year he was in Kendall, lie cleared sever-
al acres of land in the summer of 1813, he sowed two
acres to wheat, built a log cabin, and returned to
Burlington after his family, and brought them to
Kendall in June 1814. His eldest son, Capt. H. W.
Bates, then about twenty-one 3-ears old, accompanied
On arriving at his new log house he found hife wheat
held in full head, looking fine. The crop so raised
furnishing bread for th