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Arad Thomas.

Pioneer history of Orleans county, New York. Containing some account of the civil divisions of western New York, with brief biographical notices of early settlers, and of the hardships and privations online

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Online LibraryArad ThomasPioneer history of Orleans county, New York. Containing some account of the civil divisions of western New York, with brief biographical notices of early settlers, and of the hardships and privations → online text (page 29 of 32)
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canal as he expected, he managed to get as far as
Rochester, and walked most of the distance to Ge-
neva. After he was seventy years old he walked
from Medina to Daw's Corners, near Batavia, at one
time.

While postmaster, he often left two horses in his
stable and walked from Yates to Ridgeway with the
mail bag on his arm.

He died February 8th, 18G8, aged eighty-six
years.

JOHN H. TYLER.

John H. Tyler was born in Randolph, Orange Co.,
Vermont, November 30th, 1793. He attended the



OF OKLKAiN'S COUNTY. 415

academy in Randolpli a short time and removed to
Massena, N. Y., in 1810. On war with Great Britain
being declared in 1812, lie volunteered as a soldier
and served near Ogdensbnrgh six months. In 1817.
he removed to the Holland Purchase, and March 22d
took an article for one hundred Sf.'venty-six acres of
land in Yates, part of lot two, section two, range
three, on Johnson's Creek, on which he afterwards
resided and labored as a farmer. He was Supervisor
of the town of Yates nine years, justice of the peace
a number of years, and represented the county of
Orleans in the Assembly of the State in 1830 and '31.
He was a man of vigorous intellect and good judg-
ment, and enjoyed the confidence of all who knew
him.

He married Selina Gil bert, daughter of Simeon Gil-
bert, of Yates, in 1819. She died October 7th, 1842.
He married Saloma Gates, daughter of Daniel Gates,
of Carlton, in 1843.

He died in August, 1850.

IIOUACK O. GOOLJ).

Horace O. Goold was born in Lyme, New Lon-
don county, Connecticut, August 12th, 1800. In
March, 1818, in company with two other men in a
one horse wagon, he came to Bloomlield, N. Y., after
a journey of fifteen days. He labored on a faym the
next summer, taught school the next winter, and in
the spring of 1810, removed to Carlton, IN". Y., and
located about two miles west of the head of Still-
water.

The first year of his settlement here lie raised
thirty bushels of corn and as many bushels of pota-
toes.

Mr. Goold said: ''During the first season we
were sometimes rather short of food, especially meat,
but some of the boys would often Idll some wild an-



410 PIONEER H1.ST0RY

imal, and we were not very particular wliat name it
hore, as liiiuger had driven us ' to esteem nothing un-
clean, but to receive it with thanksgiving.'"

Mr. Cxoold married Laurenda Fullei', of Carlton,
'November ir)th, 1820.

Several jears before his death, Mr. Goold removed
to Lyndonville, in Yates, where he died October nth,
1865. His wife died October 24th, 1865.

JOSIAll J'EHli\.

Josiah Ferry was born in Shaftsbury, Vermont,
Sejitember 6th, 1787. He removed to Yates in April,
1817, and commenced clearing a farm, and planted
and raised corn and j)otatoes among the logs and
sowed some wheat, all the first year.

Tli(^ people in Yates, in those days, generally went
to Dunham's gristmill, at Kuckville, in Carlton, to
get grain ground, and Mr. Perry relates of his carry-
ing a bushel of wheat on his back a half dozen miles
to that mill to be ground, going through the woods
by marked trees, no road being cut out.

Mr. Peny taught the first school that was kejit in
town. He held office as justice of the peace a short
time. He is yet living in Yates.

ALFRED BULLARD.

Alfred Bullard was born in Barre, Massachusetts,
February 10th, 1793.

He removed with his parents to Shrewsbury, Ver-
mont, and there received a fair common school edu-
cation, with the addition of a knowledge of field sur-
veying.

In 1817 he came to Batavia, Genesee county, and
in 1818 he removed to Barre, Orleans county, and he
finally settled in Yates in 1824, where he has ever
since resided.

For many years after coming into this county, his



OF ORLEANS COUNTY. 41'^

principal enij)loynient consisted in surveying land,
and lie was known to almost eveiybody in Orleans
county as " Surve^^or Bullard/ AVhen Ik? was not
surveying he worked on a farm. He married C}'nthia
Peck in 1821. She died and he niariied Sally Smith,
who is dead also.

Mr. Bullard has not engaged in surveying for a
number of years on account of lameness, which com-
pelled him to use one, and sometimes two canes in
walking. He may be considered the pioneer surve^'or
located in Orleans county.

IIKNIIY MC NKAL.

Henry McNeal was born in Pittstown, Rensselaer
county, N. Y., in 1702.

He married Lucy Sternberg in 1814. They moved
to Yates in 1817. '

Mr. McNeal was tlie lirst Ca.])taiu of a. militia, com-
pany in Yates.

AMOS Sl'ENCKK.

Amos Spencer was born in Connecticut in 1787.
He married Jerusha Murdock, September 10th,
1811. They moved to Yates and settled on the lake
shore in 1818.

After a few years they removed to Hartland, Ni
agara county, where he was living in 1870. Thi^ lirst
year he resided in Yat(\s, he cleared the land and sowed
ten acres with winter wht^at. On this the next year
he harvested three hundred and thirty bushels ol
wheat. He drew forty bushels to Ridgeway Corners,
hired Amos Barrett to cavry it to Rocliester with his
team, gave him five dollars for drawing and paid hin
expenses on th(? road. Me sold his wheat for fifty-
four cents per bushel. They were gone four days,
and on getting home fouud thay had only five dollars

27



418 PIONKEK HISTORY

of the money receivtxl for their wheat h^Si, all the re-
mainder having been spent in ])aying nece.ssary ex-
penses.

ELISllA SAWYF.K.

Elisha Hawj'er was born in Keading, Vermont,
September 30th, 1785. He settled in Yates m 1816.
He took up four hundred acres of land on the south
line of the town. After somt' years he removed to
Lyndonville on a small place. He removed to Pax-
ton, Illinois, and died tliere l)eceniber 8th, 1808.

BAKUC'II II. '.;ili;kkt.

Baruch H. Gilbert was born in the town of North-
east, Dut-
regular physician i-esiding and practicing in the town
of Yates.

He married for his second wife Miss Adeline Raw-
son. After her death he married for his thiid wifV-
Miss Mary Ann Clark. She died in 18G1.

Dr. Bowen had twelve children, of whom nine are
living, viz.: Francis W., married a danghter of Dr.
Whaley, resides in Sacramento, California ; Samuel
C, married Kate, daughter of James Jackson, of
Ridgeway, resides in Medina ; Adeline, unmarried,
resides in Wisconson; Charles (/., married Julia Hard,
resides in Detroit ; Edgar .]., nmrried Mar;v Winn,
resides in Chicago ; Susan, married H. L. Achilles,
Jr., resides in Rochester ; Cornelia, married Samuel
Boyd, resides in Appleton, Wisconsin ; Mary, un-
married resides at Appleton, Wisconsin ; Theodore
E., married Mary Loomis, resides in Chicago.

Dr. Bowen was one of thirteen persons who united
to form the Baptist Church in Yates, in 1822, ot
which church he continued an active member until



420 PIOXEER IIISTORY

his death. He was a strong advocate of temperance,,
and amono; the lirst who united in the town of Yates-
to form a society to promote that cause.

Dr. Bowen was conscientious and correct in all the
iiahits of his life, and had the confidence and respect
of all who knew him. In the later years of his life
he did not jDractice his profession. He died April 6..
1863, aged 72 years. •



CHAPTER XXX.



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES OF JOSEPH ELLICOTT AND
EBENEZER MIX.

JOSEPH ELLICOTT.

Altliougli Mr. Ellicott was never a resident of Or-
leans county, and consequently not strictly included
among its pioneers, whose histoiy it is the main ob-
ject of this work to record, yet, as the agent of the
Holland Land Company for so many years- no man
had more to do in organizing and settling this county,
and in23lanning and bringing into action the means by
which tlie varied resources of Western New York
have been developed.

The ancestors of Mr. Ellicott came from Wales to
America at an early day, and were among the early
pioneers of Buck's county, Pennsj'lvania.

Mr. Joseph Ellicott was thoroughly educated as a
surveyor, by lessons given him by his elder brother
Andrew. His first practical lessons were taken while
assisting his brother in surveying the city of Wash-
ington, after that place liad been selected for the Na-
tional Capitol.

In 1791 he was aj)pointed to run the line between
Georgia and the Creek Indians. He was then en-
gaged in surveying the lands of the Holland Company
lying in the State of Pennsylvania. When this was
completed he was sent to survey the Company's lands
in Western New York.

He spent many years in the woods, in the arduous
labors of a surveyor, and when he left tlie woods to



422 ptonp:ek irisTOKY

engage in the business of local agent of the Company,
his toil was scarcely lessened. During this time he
carried on an immense correspondence with the gene-
ral office, at Philadelphia, in reference to the business
entrusted to him, and also with the prominent men
of his time and country in relation to public affairs
generally, in which he manifested great interest. He
is es])ecially reuKMubered aside from his connexion
with the Holland Land Company, for the part he
took in promoting that great work of internal im-
provement, the Erie Canal. With the schemes for
the origin and prosecution of that woi-k, and its pro-
gress to success, he was conspicuously identified;
and among the great men Avliose comprehensive
minds devised that canal, and urged it forward to
completion, his name will ever rank among the
first.

By a lite of activity and enterpiise, he was enabled
to accumulate a large property without being
charged with peculation in office, or mal-admin-
istration of the vast business entrusted to his
carc^

A spirit of discontent had begun to be manifested
among the settlers on the Holland Purchase, growing-
out of their enormous indebtedness to the Company
for their lands which they had been permitted to
buy on credit, and while the leniency of the agents
had not enforced payment on their contracts, accu-
mlating interest liad largely' swelled the original
debts.

Worried and worn by the load of labor he had
sustained, and aware of the discontent which pre-
vailed, and which he hoped might be allayed if direc-
ted by other counsels, Mr. E. resigned his agency, and
thus closed a busy life. From that time he was afflic-
ted with a uKmomania upon real or imaginaiy diseases
with which he believed liimself to suffer. He was



OF ORLEAjSTH OOUNTl'. 423

taken by liis friends to New York and i:>l'dced in the
hospital at Belle\ne, Avh^i-e about Angust, 1826, he
committed suicide

Joseph Ellicott was never married, but for his nu
merous family of relativos he made most ample pro-
vision, some of the choicest lands on the Holland Pur-
chase being selected and secured by title to tlie Elli
cotts.

His remains weri' brouglit to Batavia and interred
in the village cemetery, a beautiful monument being-
erected under the superintence of David E. Evans,
his neph«nv, and successor as local agent of tiie Hol-
land Comjjany, marks the spot.

From his intimate accpiaintance as surveyor with
the^olland Purchas*^ lands in Western New York,
he was enabled to make some Judicious selections of
lands for himself.

In the original survey of Buffalo, he laid
off for himself one hundred acres, now included in
the best part of that city.

In the county of Orleans he bought seven hundred
acres, including the water power at Shelby Center,
and afterwards fourteen hundred acres farther down
the Oak Orchard Creek, whicli included the vil
hige of ]Vledina, and the b(^st water poAver on that
creek.

About the year 1eral photograph albunis have been
filled with the ])ictures of the men and ANomen wdio
came here at an early day.

At these yeai'ly gatherings, and at occasional spe-
cial meetings held from time to time in various ])laces
in the county, the old peoph^ ai'e accustomed to meet
together and recount their adventures while subduing
the wilderness, and have a good time generally.

It is intended to obtain as much of such history of
" 'ye olden time •' as possible, and when the actors
in these old scenes are no more, and the last of the
log houses shall exist only in the memoi-y and rec-



OF ORLEANS COUNTY. 427

ords of the]" times gone by, tlien these old manuscripts
and relics, laid up in some public depository, sliall
remain for the information of posterity of the things
that were here, memories of the hardships, labors,
and privations of tlK* pioneers of Orleans county.



ADDRESS



DELIVERED BEFORE THE ORLEANS COUNTY PIONEER ASSOCIA-
TION, SEPT. 10th, 1S59,
By ARAE> THOMAS.



Mr. Prcnidenf, and Members of (he Orleans County Pioneer Association : —

In discliarging the pleasant duty of addressing you
on the present occasion, I am desirous to devote my
thoughts to the consideration of topics kindred to the
sentiments whicli led to the formation of this associ-
ation.

This seems no fit time to indulge in abstruse spec-
ulations, or idle rhetoric. 1 address a pra(;tical com-
pany, — men who have been trained to meet the stern
realities of life, and accomplish their destiny with un-
Hinching labor ; and having achieved a good work,
well may they enjoy the triumph it affords. Let us
then contemplate the past, and learn wisdom for the
future.

A stranger, who now for the first time should come
into our county, judging from appearances, would
be apt to think this an old settlement, where genera-
tion after generation of men had lived and died, and
where their accumulated labor had been expended
upon those works of enlightened civilization which
cover the land. But we know scarce fifty years
since the first acre of this territory was ch^ared of its
native forest, and the men are now living who recol-
lect when here was nothing but a dark, unbroken
wilderness.

Man}^ of the first settlers of this county have
passed away from among th»' living. Others follow-



OF ORLEANS COUNTY. 429

ing in the tide of emigration are now inhabitants of
some Western States. A few survivors and represen-
tatives of a generation ra])id]y passing away, remain
quiet possessors of the soil their liands tirst subjected to
cultivation, and today they have assembled to talk over
the trials and iirivations, the hardships and the suf-
ferings, the varied events of fortune, j)rosperous and
adverse, which have fallen to their lot since first they
came into this county.

The 0(;casion is replet(^ with interest to us all. To
the aged veterans, it brings up memories of events,
which in passing thril]



Online LibraryArad ThomasPioneer history of Orleans county, New York. Containing some account of the civil divisions of western New York, with brief biographical notices of early settlers, and of the hardships and privations → online text (page 29 of 32)