Aristotle.

Aristotle's History of animals. In ten books online

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as we learn from a passage extracted by Athenieus, (Vii. p.
282.) Afler Epicharmus there was Terpsion, a Sicilian, who
was the first to write a gastrologr, in which he taujght his
disciples from what kind of food tney ou^ht to abstain. He
is mentioned by Clearchus Solensis, a disciple of Aristotle^
in his work de Parsemiis, in *' AthenaDUS," (viiL p. 887.)

Clearchus also mentions Archestratus, the Sidlian, the
pupil of Terpsion, who, after having trarelled through the
whole of Oreece, wrote a work in heroic Terse on the nature
of fishes, those especially which were fit for the table, and
on the manner of cooking and preparing them. We learn
that his book was called *HdiKrd^#flt, not onlr from the testi-
mony of AthensBUs, but from an imitation by Ennius. For
Enmus, who died A.U.O. 584, one hundred and fiflj-two
years after the death of Aristotle, translated and in pi^
imitated the poem of Archestratus, and called his work
^Carmina Hedrpatheticay" as Aptdegius tells us in his
"Apologia." we have good reason for supposing that
Arcoestratus was either contemporary with Aristotle, or a
little older. For Archestratus mentions Diodoms Aspen-
diii% the J^rthagorean, u his contemporary, to whom GKnuBUSi



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ipphtdix. 803 i;

the historiaii, teUs ns that the ]l^i8tIo of Stntonicat was I'j

written (" Atheneus," It. p. 186). Therefore Archestraton, ^t

Diodorua, Aapendiua, and Stratonicoa, an eminent harpiat, j

were contemporariea, and so thej were with Ariatotle and ^;

Demoathenea ; and thia conjectare ia oonfirmed hj many
paasagea in Athensua, where Stratonicua ia reported to hare
oeen alire with those peraona whom Demoathenea mentions
in hia orationa. Ariatotle, therefore, may bsfe naed this :

woric of Archesferatos in that psrt of his Natu^'al Hiatofy I

which treata of the nature of fiahea.^

Hie writings of physiciana who preacribed the fi)od,
both of sick and well, have handed down similar and mueh
more eztensiTe obsenrationa on the animala and fiahea which
were brousht' to the tablea of the Oreeka. Of thia kind :

Athen»as haa giyen many paasagea from Dorio, and Di* |

philua of Siphnua. Oribasius haa made a lon^ extract bom
the work tn Xenocratea, on the aquatic animala naed in *

food, which I nnrpoae some day to publish with Zsnocraftei, ll

if my life should be spared long enough.

> To ths «id of thif BtMj are appended frugiMDts ef Arehaitrafua,
on the fithet of Sioilj, amoimtiiigto S70 ham of htanie twm^ f
with notoe, by the aitllior of the Emsj.



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INDEX



'AvFec, Vitez agnnt eastns, a tree
Uke A willow, the branches of
which the matroDt strewed on their
beds at the Thesmophoria, 266.

'AipiariKai AXtKTOpidtCt ^ tmall
kind of domestic fowl, 138.

'AtieK^^ a kind of owL Bixyx
alaoo, Siruekf 249. Brown Owl.
There it also another migratory
kind mentioned, 249, which docs
not hoot

'Aipoiff, the BcDotian name of the
Merops, M. apiaster, 138.

*Air^C, or aUro^t Bagle, hence the
Latin aris, 9, 61; iU eggs and
young, 146; two species, the Py-
gargus balietns, and the black
eagle, Aqnila onataria or Faleo ne-
Tius, t^.; seroral species, 201, 250 ;
used in augarT» 217 ; eats serpents,
231 ; food and manners, 261 1 tme
eagles, Paleo chrysaetos, t^. ; the
eagle kills the heron, 233 ; it fights
with the mltnre and the swan, ih, ;
a kind of ea^le in Scytbia, 252.

'A«^y, nightingalei SylTialnsoinia,
its song, 95, 96; reproduction,
108; its tongue, 246 « ehangcs
its song and colour, 276.

*A9f piyf « Atberina preebyter, SprM9
Ljfcki^ or A. ?era, in niodeni
Greek athemo* 159; its reprodue-
tioD. 160» 234.

'Aiyl^JiXac^ Ptti% Tit or TitDOUO^



eats worms, 202; three species,
ib, ; lays many eggs, 246 ; an
enemy to bees, 265; 9iriCiri)c*
parus major, Siraek, 6pU¥6st
Parus ater, Straekf or P. caudatus.
iXtf^f'^Cf Parus ccsmleus.

AlycOoct Bunting, Emberiia, Strndf,
or hcd^ sparrow or Parus coom*
leus, dislikes the ass, builds in
hedges, 232 ; hostile to the anthus
and aoanthis, 233; its food and
youuff, 246.

AlyoBiiMCt goat sucker, Caprimul-
gtts Kuropaius, 250.

'Aiyoc/foXoc, Stryx ottts, Straek^
39

A^yviridc, the Vulture, it is hostile
to the iBsalon (small hawk), 9,
23 ; and fighu with the eagle, ib.

Alyvwroc, J^^ypt, the Egyptians
hatch ecgs in manure, 139 ; two
kinds of £^ptian mice, one with
stiff hair (Uieraz, or Aulacodus
Swinderianus), another with long
hind legs (Jerboa, or GaTia), 178 ;
the care of animals among the
Egyptians, 231 ; a large kind of
oxen in Egypt, 226 ; asp and ieh«
neumon, 238; white and Uack
ibis, 242.

A/ywXioc, a nijpht bird of pre?,
Stryz paasenna, Strt^ or 8.
llammea. Gmmns. La clionette,
litt]«owl,201; killitha ealaiia,



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232; its btbit and mode of life,
247; in p. 139 thia bird it ctlkd
aMXMc*

AUr6t, n eartila||^<nii fitb, one of
the ohut Mlaobe, Rtia ajqaila, 104

ii^iovla, iSthiopia, winnd aar-
s penta in JSthiopia, probaUj Dra-
'^^ 00 Tolana, 9 ; JBUuopian abo^-
165.

A/eio^, ^tbiopian, taatb. 60; aa-
men, 72, 168.

AlOvia, a Urge watarbird, Lama
paratitioaa, or L. Marinaa, Strmek,
or L. argentatoi, 2 ; ita roprodoe-
tion, m ; food, 203.

AlXo^poc, cat, Felia eattos, eopola-
tion, 103; ita Tonog, food, and
mode of Ufa, 177 ; kiUa birda. 239.

A//iO(Spotcv or aVo^otc, a kind of
ahell fisb, perbapi Mures, 85, 86.

AU, goat, male and female, Ibex or
wild goat, Spr€te9 l^eis. Caper
birona, Straek, 13, 27. 28, 31,
66; tbe aha goaU of CEU, 70;
. tbe be goat in Lemnoa, ib. ; it ia
mentioned with tbe cbimsra or
domeatio goat in 71 ; dreams, 97 ;
infeeted witb ticka, 134; die*
ebargea of the female, 163, 164 ;
gestation, 165 ; food, drink, fte.,
207; the wild goat, 225; STriaa
Caper hircna Mambriona ana hj"
cian ^t, C. Angorends, ib,;
Egyptian, 226 ; ita mode of Ufe,
236 ; wild goaU in Crete, 288 ; m*
mination, 278.

Al(t A ^ntm bird, probably Tuitalna
arqnatna, ^Slrae*, Scolopax Galli-
Baffo, 208.

AdrAetVt >^ amall bawk, perbapa
aparrow-hawk or merlin, Faloo
JEsalon, 253.

A^mXcoc, see AlytiXtoc

'AffoX^^V, lAednaa, and probably
alao aoma apadea of AetiBta« 2. 3 ;
fixed and tMomotiTa kinda, 87,
88; amall and edible apeeica,
otbara large and bard, 88 ; a fieahy
kind, 195; a large kind, ita foo^
Montbt and aina, 198.



nrDEz. ' SOS

'AravOCac, a kind of ahaik, Sq^ugi
Aeanthiaa, Sinuk, 256.

'Acav92Ct tbutle finch or gold finch,
Frin^Ua eardnelia, or FringilU
cannabina, Straek^ or F. apinna,
brown linnet, 202; bataatbaaas.
Uvea on worma, 233 ; a foe to the
anthna aBd«ritbni» 234; ita food,
oolonr, aong, 247.

'Arai^vXAic, Fania pendnlinns, or,
candatua, Sirmek, 202 ; ita neac,
245.

'Accrpt, mite, Darme itea fiitidiena, or
perhapa fioatricboa, Sirtek, 135.

'Acplct loonat, Tetigonia, Sirmekf
Acridinm, 89, 95; ita birth, 123;
reproduction, 132; ahaagea ita
akm, 216; it is said to contend,
with serpents, 238 : the Spex la-'
certicida corresponds witb this
description, Sohteidir.

'Ac^Xoct the acorn of the C Ter g rafa
oak, need for fiOtening pigs, 206. '

*AXiKropcc, the domestic Ima« Fb»«.
aiannagallua, different kinda, 111,
138; aometimea prodaeea tnlt
egga, 139; chickena, 140^141;
barren eggs, and ttmca of byinir
t5.; growth of tbe chick in the
egg, 142; twin egn, 144; the ben.
aometimea takea the form of tba
cock, 216; roUa in the doat, 277.

'AXfcrptNtfy, domeatic fowl, male,
alao need of the dasa, 5 ; bia comb,
36 ; crop, 45 ; appendages to in-
teatinea, tb. ; crowing. 96 ; man*
nar of coition, 102 ; appearancea
like om when cut open, 139 ; tea*
tidea, 148 « habits in templca,
241; aomatimaa tbaj aaauBM tba
form and babita or bene, 275;
method of caatratica. 277.

'AXurtf rec, aea-eagle, diffi



the oapray, perbapa Amrila aibi*
eiUa «r Fako balimta, 283^ 251,
263.
'AXcv^Alaad^ Uufisbar.arptr-
bapa Todna •mndnmaeia, rapro-
dnaliom 107, 108; two apeaiea
daaaribad,l03} malvialatBdlWHi



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IJIDIX*



df ili Mit, 246. It It 6<mUhA
whother aither of tbt §pmm it
our kingfisher. SekmitUr,

AXotftfxVf probablT * tpodtt of
Zoophyte AlcTonit, 246.

*AX«iirvt fox, Canis ?«lpi% 6, 29 ;
it hrtedt with tho LoooBian dogi,
227 ; attMka tht horoo, 233; k
IHtndlT with tho eiow, ib.i a
troglodjto, •».

'▲XMw^lt VamDnt» Ta^artilio otti-
■oa, Sirwek^ V. diaopa or Scinnia
T^aaa, 9 1 laproduetaoi, 177 ; it
hula nioab l78.

*AX«iirf C * eartilagiilow (ah, ra-
prodnetioii, 149: repraaanta a
ebaa, 151 ; B{yptiaBapaciaa,226;
atratagana, 260.

'jUio, a kind of tunny, mackerel.
Scomber, Strtek, 4, 40, 91 ; ita
rapid growth, 160, 199, 200; Ktw
In baya, 211 x and aatera rifera,
218; ill toeth and mode of do-
teea, 266.

*A^V7^X^, Amycd^ln oommirais,
almond tree. 266; almonda, 242.

'AWKact * migratoij aea fish, also
aallad d^Xmwimf, Beomber ala
toga, 169; gregidoiia, 234 ; also
callad aaerad, 256.

'A»9oCi yellow bunting, Emberita
dtrineAa, ArorJfr, MotaeUla ba-
nla, 202; leada in maadowa,
imitataa the neighing of the
koraa, 233 ; hoatUe to the aoanthia
andwithna, a.; il lifaabytho
aide of lifata, 244*
*Ar9p1ipn^ wild bee, Apia tanaatila,
or Yam erabro, 88 1 tht lartm,
124 ; rmodnotion, 130 ; ndUigent
inaeet, 266; makea honeyraM ;
ita mannen and habita, V(k

*A«iac> the pear tree, 126.

'AwXwHmtp * dark-oolowad afOMa^
119.

'Awe^^tc« wioia reading §m
«<WMc* HoraXt or If atiai.

'Aw^, awUU Hirando apm^ 4;
alMeonedeH^XXoc271..

•Apdfxrvc. iffite* 6, 86^ 1»; Hi



web, reprodnetioB, 123, 131, 132,
it driTen away by ita yonng, 131 ;
it ancka ita prey, 213 ; ia eaten by
the liiard, 232; four kinda, 266^
269. t^vXXa, Saltieoa aeenieoa—
Tbeamaller kind Dolomedeami*
rabilia— the larger Lrooaa mri-
tola, another Dolooiedee fimbrin*
tna.

'Apcroc, bear, Uiana Arotm, 25,
27, 29, 42; coition, 102; at thia
time it beoomea fierce, 161 ; period
of geetation, impwrfeet yonng«
175 ; mode of drinking, 206 \ by*
bemation, 216; eata the^umm,
A.; the femalee eonragaoua, 230 1
ita habita, 237.

*ApKr#c, n eroataoean, perbapa Can-
cer spinoeiaaimns, SinMJr, 8e]^Iaria
aretos, reprodoetjon, 121 ; its food
and manner of aeiaiig it, 206.

*Apwilt * biid of prey, lisleon, lifoa
near the aea, and attaeka the gnll
and brenthna, 232; the piphinz
and ietinoa are friendW to it, 234 ;
ita mode of life, attaeia tho ayaa
of ita prey, 247.

'Apxdpoc, a fiah, aee 'Avd^c*

*A4rKaX<i3«^rifc« lisard, Laeerta
Oeekoy StoUio Tetemni. 160; Il
lifea u h<dea, 213 ; chaBgea ito
akin, 216; ita bite poiaonona in
y«227;iteate



I parts of Italy*
apidera, 232 ; it can walk in an
inTerted poeiiion, 242.
- ' '^ - Undof



•A#ffiUafac> probably aana

owl, Stryz nlola. 45.
'A#caX4irac, Beolopaz gallinago,

anipe, Slr^ek, (Behneidtf disap*

prorea of thia Identifiaation), 8.

pbmopna, 249. 8aaoaeX4««|.
'Av««pO«Cf ticarlai intaatinal worm,

194.
'Amcoplc. «]>• ItfTA of tho ampia

ignat), 125.
'AowdXol, mol% Talpn fnlgaria,

Hm ia bolea, 5; ita ayaa, 18^

90; thait nra many in Baaotio^

»0MinUbadla,225.
'Aovic; Cotabar mpK w% tnm



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QTDIX.



807



which a poison if made in Lyhia,

227; in Egypt it it ntUokod by

the lohnettmon, 238.
•Acrathct lobster, Cuieer Gamma-

nis, and Aftaoui, 138 ; Mmiparod

with the spiny lobatw, 7h 78,

79; a small fresh-watar spadesy

Astaens flaTiatilisi erayflsh, 86;

its rei^rodnction, 106, 121;

changes its shell, 217*
'A#ra^, a raisin nsed for feeding

cattle, 206,
'Aario£oc» a cariOaginoQS deb, 109^

151. Sqnalus asteriaa.
'A<rrtf>(ac. abawk, 109, 151. 253.
'Avrf plac, Ardea stellarii, bittern,

233
'A^t^p, itar-fish» Uraft« rnbens,
• 118.
*A<r^aiXoc» a plant, asphodel, A.

ramosns, 260.
'ArpaKTvXMc, a plant of the thistte

tribe, Carthamns ereticua.
'Array^y, gronse, Ttotrao bonasia,

or T. attagen, 249 ; it lifea on

the ground, 276.
'ArrAo^, a kind of loonst

Oryllns, 123; reproduction and

death, 133.
'AvXwirlac. the same as dvBiatf 159.
'AvC^c. the yoong tnnny, 160.
'A^dcif, plant| a kind of Toteh,

208.
•A^pec, fish spawn, 157.
Afvii, anohoTy or sardine, Melann-

nis jnrenenlas, 157, its origin, •&.;
• other kinds, ifr.; inmodem Oraek

'Axotvqc fX«if>c, aTarietyofkrge
stag with a strong mane, Stmeki
a brocket, or two-year old stag,
^m bis single-pointed horns,

'Ay^oMCt » iM iksh, Anarfhicaa

niib,200|doeanot bear beat,

218.
'Ay^oc. tk« BuOa gramhoppar,

elca&0mi,89.
•Axp*c.»W»iof j^p«ff. Pjiii

•cmmiiki 206, 268.



BtfXavpoca fresh-water Ask, Oobitia
barbiis,98.

B«iXayoc, Balanns, Cinipede^ teem
shell, 94, 117,

B^atroc, acorn* 221.

BiXXfpoCf * fresh-water fish, Cy-
prinus blicca, 156, 219 ; /3^f poc,
J3aX7y«c> P^f^t •>• fanona
readings.

BatfiXf^, also called troebilns, and
presbys, lifes in bolee, 244 ; baa a
bright crest, 202 ; probably Begn*
Ina Cristatos, ffolden-ciestedwren,
or Sylfia trofffodytes.

Baric* * bird that Ireqnents bashes,
Sylvia mbicola, eats worms, 202 ;
mentioned with finch and sparrow.

Baric, * fiib, the prickly roach,
Li^Mi tmd Seoti, 149, 162.

Bilroct ray, Raia bato^not the skale^
which IS perbape Idobatos, 8, 37 «
its manner of coition, 104 ; it doea
not receiTe its yonng into itself;
150, 161 ; it liTes in hoke, 214 ;
its manner of taking its prey, 255.

Birpaxoci froj;, Rana esenlenta and

B. temporana, r *** ''* "■"

06; the f

mals^ 100 ;

154; its nnited spawn,

spoken of as a class, 196; no

croaking frogs in Cyrene, 2S6;

marsh frogs are foes to bees, 261.

Btfrpavoc, a cartilagtaons fieb«
Lophius piscatorins and L. barba-
tns, 8, 87, 88, 40; among the se-
laohe, 104 ; onparons, 148, 150; it

Jrodnces many yonng, 159.
^ny, fish, Syngnathna acns, 40 ;
its n^rodnetioo, 109, 154, 160 ;
gregarions, 284; the Hakyom
boifds iU nasi with the bcMa of
this fish.
BoX<raiy«,cephalopod,SledcM mca-
diites, ZmcA, 76; alee called
6;eX«c; it doea not anist in tba
Baripns,266.

xa



ir of taking its prey, 255.
ftog, Rana esenlenta and /
vaxia,8, 39,87; cioaks, V /
fismale larger than the V
) ; coition, 103 ; tadpole, A^
I nnited spawn, 165; r



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nrjDBX.



temttrii, fenni aa •D^Qlar mQ
of nmd, 131.

B«^vXiec, larraof lilk womiy 114$
thebiimbkbee,260,3n.

B^ii^vC, tUkworm.

Biracwoc, Antelope boniisae, or
Bot Umf. Biioii, 26, 38; iti
eoiiitr7f rorm, htbiti, bnntiiigf
278.

Botfcdct Abu boeeai^ or A. Oraoci,
203.

B^^pvxoc. insect, Lampyiif noe*
ttlaet, Simekf 125.

Bof/SaXici Antilope Onoii, 58.

Bovc, Boe tanroi, Ox, 5, 27, 28, 29,
30, 41, 62 ; miU^ 69 ; dretme, 97 (
lowing of tbe bull, 100, 112;
ooition, 103 ; tomented wiib lice,
135; eeznel deiirei, 161, 162;
diecbarget'and mine of tbe cow,
163 ; reprodaotife powen of bull,
168 ; Uie castrated animal is tanffbt
to lead tbe berd, t6. ; teetb, muk,
and babits, it. ; Teina in tbe em-
bryo, 190; mode of drinking,
205; care of tbe ox, 206; red
cattle of Epinis, 207; diseases,
219, 222; tbe ox drinks pore
water, 224 ; Emtian oxen, 226 ;
babita, 236 ; inld oxen, B. Bn-
bains, 26 ; one species of ox bas
a bono in ita beart, 39 ; oxen in
Pbrjgia wbicb can mo?e tbeir
boms, 61 ; small oxen in Pbasis,
71 ; oxen in Epims, 0, ; in Tor-
tona, 72 ; tbe cow brings fortb at
a year old, 113; Sjnaa oxen,
226; castration of tbe ymmg,
278 ; mminatioB, A.

Bevci * cartUaginona flab| Bain eor-
nuta, 104, 152.

BpiwBo^, a sea-biid, Aaaa tadoma,
bostale to tbe lama and barpa,
232; makea ita nest i^ biBa aiid
woody plaaea, 244..

B^^ a large owl, 8ti7S b«bo»
201.

Btf^ov, algsi, botk fk«sb*wafter aad
marine^ 155, 200, 220.

B^^fvocb n o«>i>^ flntiDi, 102.



BwfcoX^X^Cf Corms monednla, 248
B«»C, a gregarious flsb, Spama
boops, 234; contracted from
BdaC, from tbo sound it makes.



FoXact * kind of smooth sbeU-flsb,

mya pictomm, 82.
TaXf ^, a cartilaginous fisb, Squalus

Stleus and cbaracbiaa. Struck, or
adus lota, 8, 44, 49, 108, 149,
151; ntems and o?a, 150; re^
ceifes its joung into itself, ib. ;
not found in tbe Pyrrbswa
Euripus, 256.

TaXMti, fish of tbe sbark kind, 37,
40, 41 ; placed under tbe selacbe,
104, 149 ; tbe males bare appen-
dages, 104 ; tbe uterus, 149 ; ga^
lei and galeodei^ 151.

ToXq, weaael, martin, polecat, Kns-
tela Faro, M. Erminea. M. ml-
garis, 20; tbe wild kind bunts
mice, 178; hostile to tbe orow,
232 ; it atUcks serpents, 233 ; in
Poroselene, 225 ; it flffhts with
serpents, especially wftb those
called myotbera, 238; its form
compared with tbe ictis, 239 ; eats
birds' eggs, 232 ; mode of attack*
ing its prey, 238.

ripayoc, crane, Ardea gms, 2, 4. 64;
coition, 102; migrations of tht
male bird, 209; they migrato
after tbe quails, A.; the frhio of
tbe stone they are said to earryi
210 ; gregarious, it, ; migrations^
leaden, pmdence, 243 ; they fight
with each other, the anmlMr of
their ens, 245.

rlvvoc, the offspring of a mula with
a man or she ass, 11 ; aee Ivvec*

naylc, a fresh- water fieh, Bilurua*
glanis, SlTMek, 9, 38^ 40, 219;
conjoined spawn, 155: two spe-
oiea, the greater and the smalfer,
the male watohea tba spawn, i5.;
riia of the on, 156 ; dissaass, 219; •

. vafil to oat whsB in spawn, tha



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niDiz.



E:






inibrt,199.



tnd L» eanknliit, 5, 99, 49, 58»
64, 71 ; eoitioii« 102 ; fiiperfetft-
tion, 108 ; reprodoetton, 17A, 186 ;
in Ithaet, 225 ; fntUer in £nrpt»
22G; anotbor ipaeiM Bccr LdM
Bolbt, 41,

Af X^iCt dolphin, Delpbinns delphii.
7. 13, 29, 87, 40, 46, 47, 59, 69,
91, 92, 93, 95 ; ita sleep, 98 ', Um
fish eaUed fBtlpa foUowi the dol-
phin, 135; reprodnctlon, 1049
152 ; it brenthes air, 196 : food,
200 ; throwi itMlf on iti b^k to
take its pier, ib.; dolphin in tbn
Pontni, 212 ; gentle habits, 274 ;
its speed, it sometimes throwa it-
self on the shore, 275.

AUrtpwop^ plant, dittanr, 238; ori-
ganum Dictammnm, Lit,

Aopcact Antelope doroas, 26*

ApdKttp, a sea fish, Traebinnadfaeo,
liTes near the shore, 211.

ApdKttr^ a speeies of serpent in frssh
water, attacks the fflanis, 219 ; is
hostile to the eagfo. 231 : sneks
the jniee of the heib pieris, 238.

Apt iravic, perhaps tha sand aartin,
Himndo ripana, 4.

Apo/M^fC, migratory fish,
some speeies of tnnnj, 4, 155.

ApvoicoXairniCt woodpecker, 202;
three kinda, Fiens Tarins, P. Tiri-
dis, P. martins^ 242; habits^ «.



B
By«pa^yeXec« the paiani af tha
Apna, Clnpea eneraamolns, Stnuk^

lyYtXvCf Ml, Hnma anroiUa, 8,
37, 40, 41, 61. 66, 93; to nctthar
male nor female, 99; the so called
mala and female are diflersat sp^
cies, 97; migrates to the asn to
spawn, 156; its origii2l58; do-
scription and habila, 200, 201 ;
those called fomala an bailor §m
food, 229.

'BXainc ai'tfecv Ibe iowor of fkt
ttifa, 127, 133, 216| 242.



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810



iin>Bx.



"EXo^C, itaip. Germ Elapbni, 5»
26, 27. 28: tiioMetlled Aehalins,

59, 237; blood, 58. 67; bonis,

60, 236, 257; tbo femal*, 100;
ooiUoi, 103, 174; Toioe, 112;
babiti. 236, 237 ; tbo CMtntad
•nimiL 278; mmiBatioii, it,

'EX/o, £niberita anuidioaeeft, or
Tnrdiis anuidiiiaooai, Strmk^ or
B. MheBBOiM, 246.

EXiycvoc, a mimtorj fisb, 234.

*EX^i(ip^^ Eledono etrbota, ZmcA,
(Owen, in Cfclopmiia of AnA-
toiDj)* 76,

'EXaioct dormoQM, Mjoxnt AYalla*
ntritit; or perbapo iqiiinrtl,
Sdnnis mlgari^ liT« ia bolei ia
trMt,216.

'EXcioi, a kind of bawk, 263; pro-
bably an incorrect reading.

'£Xf 6c, an owl, Stryx Aioao, Str§$i,
MO 'AfiVcotfr, 201.

'BA/^C. Elephu Indicnt, 5. 14, 24,
26, 28, 29, 13, 40,43,46, 61, 72;
Toiee, 96 ; reproduction, 103, 115,
161, 173 ; food, 207 ; ]ih and die-
OMea, 222, 224; strengtb, 234;
eaptnre, 0. ; babita, dodli^, 274.

"BXAo^, a ilab witb four aimpla
brancbia, tword fltb or ttnrgeon,
ZtdUMIaNi&ott, CentriMot aoolo-
pax, Sinck, Aeeipenser ataUatiu^
37; Ao^,40.
r "EX/if 1^, wormi, enedallj iateaCinal
/ wonni, tenia and lambneoi, aont
exist ia sponges, 119 ;orlglB, 123;
tbiaa kinds, flat worms, ronnd
vorms, asctfides^ 124; worms in
aaow, Podnra airalis, 126; soma
inaset lanr» are deaeribad as
worms, 135 ; small woraM ia aala,
158; worms ia dogs, TMia aa?*
iata,238,

•a«wic. r»t, laim tbaa a«&i^,
Tabaans, ar PiiTgaaaai Simctf
1,9,206.
'i;^5cf Tiatado aoriaaea, frask-
watar lofftoiss^ Bmja latnria, 39 ;
lamdaatloi^ 186| kabiH^ 194.



'BiTiXic or frtXiCf probablr aaa
bream. Spams, Sinxk^ Sparua
IUyi,163r ^ ^ *^

IBiTfpa yUCf (be decomposing mat*
tar in wbicb eels bava tbair origin,

'Evro/io, insaata, aa a class, 3, 10^' '

73. 123.
EwipiCf Otter, Latra falgarisi 2t

its food. 205.
'EiriXafc or iwoXatc, Sylfia emraca,

Stmtkf orperbapa badge narrow,

202.
'Ewo^r, boopoe, XTpapa Spopa, 1 :

its nest, 138 ; lires in woods and

mountains, 244 ; abaagea ita ao-

lour, 246, 276.
'EpifkpOoc, a plant, lagnmiaoM

seeds, Ermm sativum, 221.
*BpiOaK^, bee bread, 267.
'BpiBpoKoCf Sjlria eritbraeos, or

8. PboMiiearus, SlrMeJt^ Badstart,

202; in its summer plomagt

called Pbcroioums, 276.
'Bptvcict wild flg tree, 136.
EpirvXXoc, Tbymna aanjllom*

wild tbjma, 261.
'Efv9pl¥oc^ a red kind of mullet^

Perca marina, Sparua ErrtbrymiiSy

Siraekf Perca seriba, all baTe roei^

tbere are no males. 99, 153, 211
'Ep»^i5c, beron, Ardaa major, 203;

a foe to tbe woodpeaker, 212;

tbree kiada, 5wAXec» tba black,

Ardaa ainerea, 5 Xfvwac, tbo

wbite, A. egretta, 5 dvrnpuiCt A,

atallaris, 233, 247| a «aad of

tbearow,323.
B5Xai, maggota ia flesh.
'Zf^fupw, apbamara, iaaaaly 10^

126.
'Evf v«tc» pvobably Qobj or Blaaaj,

ibr«if it Sjfnttt LfcUi^ not tbo

Bamora, wbiab waa aataowa to

tbe aadenta. Eabaaaia famoca,

ArwrA^38.
*ZxAva^ fipar. Calabar lifipaia, C.

teniB, 10 1 bidea aadar stoaas, 213.
*Syive/iJ|r^«f Eabiana EsanlaataL

Ar««i<a%a<ffXfom^8«, .



i i



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IKDKX*



311



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«•

»le
Li-
B.
•t

I.
a*



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9.

■•-
<»•

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n

*H|ilofNiCf Bvlt, dbpring of bone
ud wOd MS, tht Mtalt krmr



Mhctlled mulai of Sjria, Eqaii

bemiooui, 11, 172, 177*
*Uirar9c, a fith M ealled from iu

colour, TbeuUi hepatm, StrttJkf

8tro*DAtoi fiiitoli, 44.
'HirioXoc, moth, Tiaeo moUonoUa,

225.
'HpoirXf orur^c taptlvoft Hemdco*

tie erab, bat a long UU» 77, 81.



eoXXoCf o iboot of a plant, enotianj

the oiiTo, 208.
OmIa, animals larger tbaa flies ia

ore, 126 ; aaimals wbieh destroy

boney-oombs, 225 ; aa aaimal liko'

a moth, il.
OiC) black sbore woed, ftieos^ 211.
epavwi^t a smsU bird like a gold-

flaeb, Friogilla Caidnalii, or F.

CaniiBbina, 202.
^ic9a, a fish with prieklj seales,

256.
Qp^f, timber worm, 207.
•v/ioVi tbyme^ Thymoi mlgariti

266.
Bwplc, the fsmale tnmiy, 108, 100;

aged, 160 ; food, 200 ; migration,

2] 1 ; gregarious, 284.
e^voc* tunoj fish, Scomber Tbjn-

nus, 4, 38 ; sleeps, 98 ; swims in

shoals. 108 ; male and femalo^ i6^

reprodocUon, 100, 136; life, 148;

thej appear to bo a year older

than the pelamys, 160 ; food, 199;

migrates after the scombri, 209 ;

when best for food, 211 ; migim>

tions,212; how ooneesled, 214;

dolighU in warmth, 219 ; old fish

nnflt for salting, their weight, 228.
•i#C« jaekal or ounce, Felis onia, or

peihaps Ganis anreos, Sirmk, 42 ;

habits^ 177; hates tho lion, 214;

eamiforons^ il.; Mfval hinds^

272.



'I/Sic. Tantaloa Ibit. Shmek, two
spedos, white, I'tetahm saosi^ and
Ua«k,T.fokindHS«*>



Digitized



by Google



812



mix.



'Ifpal, liAwIt, 9, 80, 40; ioeabttion,
^ 146; likt the cuckoo, 146, 147;

tht joan§^ gooil to eat, 147; ft

kind which hoildi io rocks, ib, ;

three ipeeies, 201 ; eaniiienitioii

of tpeeiee, 253; the Egyptien

hawk, 236: iu neet, 243; does
. not eat the heart of hirdi, t6.
ilpac or Upec,a kind of lerpent, 228.
'Icrlyec, kite, Falco mimni^ 30,

40; inenhation, 146; food, 201;

drink, 203; nigratioB, 215; a

foe to the ravea, 232.
*Icric, weasel or ferret, Mwtela Ihro,

29; hahiU. 239.
IXXdc, a kind of thmsh, mgarioos,

Turdus iliaeensp StrtieM, 248 ; this

identiflcatioA ia Terj doahtfal,

Sehneidtr.
'U6Bopot, * Un<l 0^ ihmsh, Tttrdns

TtsciToms, StTMck^ 248.
'U^, miseltoe, 248.
''lyyoCf hinnos, the oflfspring of a

hoFse and she ass, 163.
'levXic. a red ilsh, Lahms Inlii,

Strtkt 234.
*IevXoc, loins, seolope&dn, enti*

pede,73.
Iwwij^ev, |iraire,6iraffaeameleo*

pardalis, 26.
IwwAafoc, perhaps IheNilghaii,

Antilope picta, 26.
Ivwc^, a crastaoeaa, Oejopode

enrsor, 77.
Ivwsfi^PfiiiC, a krge kind of aat,



Online LibraryAristotleAristotle's History of animals. In ten books → online text (page 30 of 39)