Arno Clemens Gaebelein.

The Book of Genesis : a complete analysis of Genesis with annotations online

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A. C. Gaebelein

The Book of Genesis







OCT 10 106:

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eS 1235

Bible Study Course No. 3

Cfee Book of genesis.

A Complete Analysis of
Genesis with Annotations.


Our Hope Publication Office
456 Pourth Avenue

Nevr York City

Single Copies 20c. "Pi^tpaid
25 Copies or more 16c. a Copy
100 Copies S12.00 Postpaid

Genesis in tlie Light of
the New Testament


nPHE study of this excellent volume will
be a great help to every student of
this Bible Course. The great New Testa-
ment doctrines are traced in Genesis and
the dispensations are clearly sketched.


Price 50c., postpaid


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Introduction 1

Revelation or Myth ? 7

The Division 12

The Analysis and Annotations 14

Genesis and Geology 88

Dictionary of Proper Names 91

Chronological Arrangement 101

Copyright 1912, by cA. C. Gazbelein,

Printing by

Francis Elmory Fitch, Inc.


The Book of Genesis,.


The first Book of the Bible is called in the Septuagint
(the Greek translation of the Old Testament) "Gene-
sis." Genesis means "Origin." The Hebrews call it
by the first Hebrew word "Bereshith." — In the Begin-
ning. It is the Book of all beginnings. We can trace
here the beginnings of creation and everything else,
except God, who has no beginning. The Book of Gene-
sis is the great foundation upon which the entire^
revelation of God rests. The marvellous structure of
the Bible, composed of the different books, written by
different instruments of the Spirit of God at different
times, is built upon this great, majestic Book. It is
the root out of which the tree of God's revelation has
grown. Internal evidences prove the most complete
unity, that it is the work of one chosen instrument,
Moses, and that it is not of a composite authorship.
But more than that, the Book of Genesis establishes the
Divine Unity of the Bible. The last Book of the Bible,
the Revelation, confirms this. Genesis tells of the
origin of all things; Revelation reveals the destiny of
all things.

It is an interesting study, profitable and suggestive,
to trace the great doctrines of the Bible in this first
Book. They are all found somewhere in Genesis, either
in typical foreshadowings or in direct words. Here,
too, we may discover the dispensational and prophetic
truths of the Bible in germ. Genesis iii:15 is the pre-
diction out of which the rest of prophecy has been
developed. The entire New Testament in its doctrinal
st-atements rests upon this Book. It is quoted there


as the Word of God scores of times. If the revelations
of Genesis, especially the opening chapters, the supreme
foundation, if these chapters were myths, the entire
New Testament would have to be given up as un-
authoritative. Indeed, the great doctrines in Romans,
starting from the fact that man is a fallen being and
lost, would be just as much myths, if the fall of man
were a myth. The Lord Jesus Christ has put His seal
to this great Book.

The Criticism of Genesis.

The Book of Genesis, being the foundation of the
whole Bible, and of such vast importance, it does not
surprise us that the enemy of the Truth of God has
directed first of all his attacks against this Book to
break down its authority. A hundred years ago and
less ,the cunning inventions of the father of lies,
directed against the inspiration of Genesis and its
unity, occupied mostly, if not altogether, the minds of
theologians and scholars. It is different now. The
stock of trade of the destructive critics, differing but
little from that of accredited infidels, has become the
common property of evangelical Christendom. The
rationalistic theories concerning the date and author-
ship of Genesis are now liberally and almost universally
displayed. In theological seminaries they are openly
taught and hundreds of men, who claim to be teachers
of the oracles of God, deny the inspiration of the Book
of Genesis.

The Paternity of Higher Criticism.

That such a denial is not of God is self evident. But
it is interesting to examine the source from which the
destructive criticism of Genesis and the Pentateuch
has come. The man who has been called the "Sir Isaac
Newton of Criticism" is Jean Astruc. He Vfas a French


physician, a freethinker, who led a wicked, immoral life.
In 1753 this man gave to the world his doubts in a work
which he called, "Conjectures Regarding the Original
Memoirs in the Book of Genesis." In this work he
taught that the use of the two names of God in Genesis,
Elohim (translated by God) and Jehovah (translated
by Lord) showed that two different documents were
used in the composition of the Book. The hypothesis
of a Jehovist and Elohist writer, so called, was invented
by this unsaved man. It was, however, reserved for
a German scholar and rationalist to formulate the
denial of the unity and inspiration of Genesis into a
system. This man was Professor Eichhorn. He coined
the phrase, "Higher Criticism," and is therefore called
the "father" of it. He introduced successfully into the
theological institutions of Germany the theory of
Astruc. On account of his great learning his invented
higher criticism took hold upon the minds of thousands
ci people. But who was Professor Eichhorn? Let
aiiother Higher Critic give the answer. Ewald, himself
such a powerful factor of this most dangerous in-
fidelity, wrote: "We cannot fail to recognize that,
from the religious point of view the Bible was to him
a closed Book."

Such is the Paternity of the now widely accepted
"Higher Criticism:" an immoral, infidel Frenchman and
an unconverted, blind leader of the blind, a German

Their Disciples.

After Eichhorn came other men, such as Vater and
Hartman, who tried to undermine the Mosaic author-
ship of Genesis by still another theory. Professor De-
Wette, of Heidelberg, followed closely in the steps of
infidel Eichhorn. Bleeck taught still another theory.
Then we mention Ewald, Hupfeld, Prof. Kuenen, Dr.
Davidson, Robertson Smith, Canon Driver, George.


Adams Smith, Professor Briggs, W. Harper, Marcus
Dods and many others, who may all be fitly called the
disciples of the immoral Frenchman and the infidel
German. For instance, George Adams Smith saith:
"The framework of the first eleven chapters of Genesis
is woven from the raw material of myth and legend."
And the works of this man and others are now sold at
popular prices by so called "Christian Publishers."

A Complicated Science.

They call this kind of criticism scientific. It surely
has all the marks of so called science. Speculation, un-
certainty and complicated statements are the leading
characteristics of this criticism. They claim now that
the Pentateuch (the five Books written by Moses) were
never written by him, but that these Books consist of
four diverse documents. These they designate as fol-
lows : 1. The Jehovist. 2. The Elohist. 3. The Deut-
eronomist. 4. The Priestly Code. The authorship of
Moses has been completely given up and it is claimed
that the earliest part of the Pentateuch was perhaps
written 600 years after Moses' death. They put the
date of the greater part of these five Books after the
Babylonian captivity.

A writer has recently given a fine description of this
higher critical "scientific" nonsense, part of which we
quote :

"They conjecture that these four suppositive documents were
not compiled and written by Moses, but were probably con-
structed somewhat after this fashion: For some reason, and at
some time, and in some way, someone no one knows who, or
why, or when, or where, wrote Jehovist. Then someone else,
no one knows who, or why, or when, or where, wrote another
document, which is now called Elohist. And then at a later
time, the critics only know who, or why, or when, or where, an
anonymous personage, whom we may call Redactor I, took
in hand the reconstruction of these documents, introduced new
material, harmonized the real and apparent discrepancies, and


•divided the inconsistent accounts of one event into two separate
transactions. Then some time after this, perhaps one hundred
years or more, no one knows who, or why, or when, or where,
some anonymous personage wrote another document, which they
styled Deuteronomist. And after awhile another anonymous
author, no one knows who, or why, or when, or where,
whom we will call Redactor II, took this in hand, compared
it with Jehovist and Elohist, revised them with considerable
freedom and, in addition, introduced quite a body of new
material. Then someone else, no one knows who, or why, or
when, or where, probably, however, about 525, or perhaps 425,
wrote the Priestly Code; and then another anonymous Hebrew,
whom we may call Redactor III, undertook to incorporate
this with the triplicated composite Jehovist, Elohist and Deut-
eronomist, with what they call radactional additions and in-

This describes the infidel mudpuddle into which these
"great" scholars have plunged and into which they
would like to lead the sheep and even the little lambs.

The Mosaic Authorship.

"All tradition, from whatever source it is derived,
whether inspired or uninspired, unanimously affirms
that the first five Books of the Bible were written by
one man, and that man was Moses. There is no
counter-testimony in any quarter." With these words,
Prof. William Henry Green begins his learned work on
the Unity of Genesis. Other learned men in past gen-
eration up to the present time stand firm for the
Mosaic authorship of Genesis, and thereby affirm the
fact of revelation. The cry of the Higher Critics —
^'ripe scholarship," "access to better sources," etc. —
is a bluff. The best scholarship stands by the Truth.
Some of the arguments advanced against Moses as
writer of Genesis are exactly the argument for it and
the evidences of inspiration. For instance, the use of
the name of God as Elohim and Jehovah. Elohim is

*Canon Hague.


the name of God as Creator — Jehovah is His name as
entering into covenant relation with man. The use of
these names is a precious evidence of the work of the
Spirit of God and not an evidence of different writers
and documents.

The highest authority that Moses wrote Genesis and
the other four Books, and that Genesis is the revelation
of God, is the Lord Jesus Christ. He spoke repeatedly
of Moses and reminded His hearers of the historic facts
as given in Genesis. This fact is met by the critics
with the statement that our Lord was not a critical
scholar and limited in His knowledge. Such state-
ments are akin to blasphemy.

Needed Information.

The information concerning the criticism upon this
great Bible Book we are about to study is much
needed. Many Christians hear of Higher Criticism
without knowing what it is and how it originated. The
information given shows that it originated with
wicked men and that it is an attempt to destroy the
very foundations upon which the whole Scriptures rest.
Sometimes Higher Critics have a way of telling unin-
formed Christians that the views they hold are the
consensus of the best scholarship. This is untrue.
Others, again, who have imbibed these views hide the
worst features of them. For this reason we deem it
expedient to give this information.

The study of Genesis will deepen the faith in the in-
spiration and revelation of the first Book of the Bible.
There is nothing which convinces of the Divinity of the
Bible like the prayerful and spiritual study of the Bible
itself. And the Bible has nothing to fear. It needs
neither apology nor concessions.


Revelation or Myth ?


From the sides of Infidelity, Higher Criticism and a
certain class of Scientists objections are made against
the opening chapters of Genesis. Not only is the
Mosaic Authorship denied but the revelation contained
in these chapters is branded as unscientific and at vari-
ance with the facts revealed by Science. Others class
these sublime truths concerning Creation, the Fall of
Man, the Deluge, etc., with the legends of primitive na-
tions and thus the fact of revelation is altogether de-
nied. Inasmuch as these wicked statements are heard
on all sides from pulpits and chairs of educational in-
stitutions, it becomes necessary that we consider briefly
some of these objections and uncover their absolute
worthlessness. The purpose of our work forbids a more
extended treatment of these objections. Many helpful
and interesting books have been written by scholars
against these attacks. Elsewhere in this booklet the
reader will find a number of works mentioned which
deal with these attacks in a masterly way.

Is the Creation Account Contradicted by Science?

That the Creation account is unscientific and in clash
with the discoveries of modern science is one of the com-
mon statements. It has, however, no foundation what-
ever. The proofs that there is no error in the account
of Creation as revealed in the first chapter of Genesis,
have been furnished by the investigation of Science.
The order of creation as given in the first chapter is
the order, which, after years of searching — the most
laborious searching — Science has discovered. Over and.


over again has Science with its guesses and speculations
been forced to bow in submission before the simple and
brief description of the Creation in God's Word. There
is no clash between the Bible and the results of true
scientific research. Geology, astronomy and other
sciences have had to retrace their steps more than once
and acknowledge their mistake ; the first chapter of
Genesis will never have to do that. Years ago scien-
tists ridiculed the divine statement that the first thing
called into existence was light ; "let there be light," and
that the sun was made on the fourth day. That sneer
is forever silenced, for science has found out that light
existed first. Again for a long time it was denied that
vegetation came first before animal life was on this
globe. This denial has likewise been stopped by scien-
tific discoveries. Other evidences that the Bible is
right and science had to accept the truthfulness of the
Creation account we must pass by. What scientists
should explain is, how in a simple record of a few
verses, which antedates all scientific research and dis-
covery, such accurate information is given without any
error whatever. Where did Moses get his marvellous
knowledge from which the scientific research of nine-
teenth century confirms correct in every way? There
is only one answer. It is the revelation of God.

This becomes still more evident when the Creation
chapter in Genesis is compared with the conceptions of
the origin of the earth as found in the records of the
oldest nations. What ridiculous things were believed
concerning creation and the universe ! Why did Moses
not write the same childish things but instead gives a
majestic account of the creation of the earth and the
heavens ? The answer is and ever will be, his account
is the revelation of God how the earth and the heavens
came into existence.


Is There a Contradiction Between the First and Second
Chapters of Genesis?

Another favorite argument against the infallible
record of Creation is that the first and second chapters
are contradictory. A certain N. Y. preacher stated
some years ago in Appleton's Magazine this supposed dif-
ficulty. He said, "How can we trouble about reconciling
Genesis and Science" while the two accounts of the first
two chapters "are so hopelessly at variance?" Criticism
has used this alleged discrepancy as an argument for
its infidel theories. There is, however, no contradiction
between these two chapters. The second chapter in
Genesis is not another history of creation nor does it
contradict the account in the first chapter. The histor-
ical account of creation as a whole is found in Genesis
i-ii:3. The division of chapters in the authorized
version is unfortunate. From chapter ii :4 to the close
of the chapter we have not a historical account of crea-
tion at all, but a divine statement of the relationships
of creation, that is, man's place in it as its head. There
are no contradictions in anything. Genesis i :27 is said
to clash with ii:21-22. Such a clash does not exist.
Gen. i:27 does not say that man and woman were
created together, nor does it say that the woman was
created directly and not formed as revealed in the
second chapter.

The Myths of Ancient Nations.

It is a well known fact that ancient nations such as
theChaldeans, Egyptians, Phoenicians, Hindus, possessed
myths in which one can hear now and then a faint echo
of a primeval revelation and knowledge, which must
have been in possession of all mankind at one time.
That such was the case Romans i:21-23 fully confirms.
All mankind knew God and was acquainted with the
^reat facts of history, the events recorded in the first


eleven chapters of Genesis. As they became vain, their
foolish heart was darkened, they rushed into idolatry.
Their traditions, however, here and there give glimpses
of the truth they once knew. It is impossible to give
here evidences of it as discovered in the Assyrian
tablets, which have something to say of the creation
and the deluge, known now as ''the Chaldean Genesis."
Other traces are found in ancient Phoenician sources
as well as in India, among the Romans and the Greeks,
Babylonians, Chinese and other nations. However, all
these, including "the Chaldean Genesis" are miserable
contortions. There are a few resemblances and many
more differences between the Biblical and especially
the Babylonian accounts. It is claimed that Moses, or
since Moses did not write according to this infidel
theory, somebody else, made use of these myths in
writing the opening chapters of Genesis. This far
fetched invention has no foundation at all. The Book
of Genesis is not the offspring of Babylonian tradition.
God gave to Moses the account of creation and the be-
ginnings of history by direct revelation as the blessed
foundation of all subsequent revelation in His holy
Word. The man, who boasts of scholarship, and brands
the first eleven chapters of Genesis as myths, putting
them alongside of the traditions of ignorant ancient
nations, but reveals his ignorance and blindness.

The Deluge.

This great catastrophe has also been denied and
ridiculed. It is painful to mention all these denials, but
it is needful to call attention to these attacks on the
foundation of the Bible. Hundreds of men, who claim
to be exponents of Christianity speak of Noah as a
myth and the deluge reported in Genesis as an un-
confirmed event. Traditions of the flood are found
among all nations and exhibit in many cases a very


striking agreement with the divinely given record.
These traditions are found in India, China, Egypt and
Greece as well as among the Chaldeans and Babyloni-
ans. Peruvians, Mexicans, Greenlanders and the Teu-
tonic races possess these traditions. Geology also gives
the most decisive evidence of such a judgment by water
through which the earth passed. The surface of the
earth exhibits a deposit, which originated after a uni-
versal flood and which is called diluvial (flood) land.
Vast quantities of bones and teeth of antediluvian
animals, masses of rock and boulder, carried by the
flood, are found in this diluvial deposit. Many pages
could be filled with such evidences.

Nothing Left Unattacked.

Nothing has been left unattacked in the opening
chapters of Genesis. The existence of Paradise, the fall
of man, the curse, the story of Cain and Abel, Enoch's
translation, the tower of Babel and every other recorded
event has been denied and is increasingly denied. That
our Lord referred repeatedly to these first chapters of
the Bible and thereby confirmed their historicity and
revelation, is not at all taken in consideration by these
enemies of the Word of God.

But the foundation rock of the Bible, the Book of
Genesis stands as firm as it ever stood. It can never be
moved. Let them dig away ! Let them dash against it
with their heads. They will perish, but God's Word
abideth forever. In a day when apostasy sweeps
through Christendom like a mighty avalanche, let us
cling closer to the living Word of the living God and
hold fast the testimony of its inerrancy. And now
with thankful hearts and a prayer for the Holy Spirit's
guidance we come to the Book itself.


The Division of Genesis^

Every Book of the Bible has a key and also hints-
on the division of the Book. The correct way in unlock-
ing the Book is to use the key and the divisions as
given by the Holy Spirit in the Book itself. The Book
of Genesis has been divided in perhaps more different
ways than any other Book.* In looking through Genesis
for a characteristic word we have no difficulty in find-
ing it in the word "Generations." (Hebrew: Toledoth.)
It is used eleven times in this Book. The first time the
word generations occurs is in chapter ii:4. The Crea-
tion Account stands therefore by itself. This gives us-
twelve sections.

I. The Creation Account i-ii:3.

II. The Generations of the Heavens and the Earth

III. The Generations of Adam v-vi:8.

IV. The Generations of Noah vi:9-ix:29.

V. The Generations of the Sons of Noah x-xi :9.

VI. The Generations of Shem xi: 10-26.

VII. The Generations of Terah xi:27-xxv:ll.

VIII. The Generations of Ishmael xxv: 12-18.

IX. The Generations of Isaac xxv:19-xxxv.

X. The Generations of Esau xxxvi:l-8.

XL The Generations of Esau's Sons xxxvi:9-43.
XII. The Generations of Jacob xxxvii :2-l :26.

We fully agree with the scholarly remarks of Prof.
Green about the importance of this division. "These
titles are designed to emphasize and render more
prominent and palpable an important feature of the

*Dr. Campbell Morgan has recently added another. He
divides Genesis in three parts: Generation — Degeneration — Re-


book, the genealogical character of its history. This
results from its main design, which is to trace the line
of descent of the chosen race from the beginning to the
point where it was ready to expand to a great nation,
whose future organization was already foreshadowed,
its tribes being represented in the twelve sons of Jacob,
and its tribal divisions in their children. The genealo-
gies contained in the book are not merely incidental or
subordinate, but essential, and the real basis of the
whole. They are not to be regarded as addenda to the
narrative, scraps of information introduced into it ; they
constitute the skeleton or framework of the history

"There is, accordingly, a regular series of genealo-
gies of like structure, or rather one continuous gene-
alogy extending from Adam to the family of Jacob.
This is interrupted and suspended from time to time,
as occasion requires, for the sake of introducing or in-
corporating facts of the history at particular points,
where they belong; after which it is resumed again
precisely at the same point, and proceeds regularly as
before until it reaches its utmost limit, thus embracing
the entire history within itself."

It is interesting to note the beginning and the end
of these sections. We leave this as a suggestion with
the reader. The reign of death after the entrance of
sin is in full evidence in these sections. "Death reign-
ed from Adam to Moses" (Romans v :14) . The last sec-
tion ends with Joseph's death "and he was put in a
coffin in Egypt."

In our annotations, following the above division, we
shall trace the historical account and point out some
spiritual and dispensational truths giving many
hints, which may be followed in a more extended study
of this great Book.


Part L — The Creation Account.

Chapter 1-11:3.

The manner in which the Book of Genesis begins
leaves no doubt that it is the revelation of God. The
creation account is historical truth. The question is
how was it given? An answer to this question claims
that the Jews obtained the account from the records
of other nations concerning the origin of the universe

1 3 4 5 6 7

Online LibraryArno Clemens GaebeleinThe Book of Genesis : a complete analysis of Genesis with annotations → online text (page 1 of 7)