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tions of their training and have progressed in a way that
would have been impossible fifteen or twenty years ago.
Among the estimable general practitioners of eastern North
Carolina is Dr. Charles H. Bynum. He was born in Edge-
combe Co. on November 11, 1872, but the family moved to
Wilson when he was still a small boy. His parents were
Amos and Annie (Wilkins) Bynum, both now dead. His
paternal grandparents were Amos and Lucy Bynum and
his maternal grandmother w r as Maria Wilkins.

Young Bynum went to the Wilson public school as a
boy and come under the influence of that splendid teacher
and successful man, Professor Vick, who recognized his
abilities and encouraged the lad to push ahead. From the
graded school he passed to Livingstone College at Salisbury



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 511

for a year and then went to Lincoln University where he
won his bachelor's degree in 1890. He then entered Leon-
ard Medical College but had to drop out for a while on ac-
count of failing health. Returning later, he completed the
course with the M. D. degree in 1898. His father was able
to assist in his education to a certain extent but it was
necessary, for the most part, for him to make his own way.
His vacations were spent in Pullman and hotel work, and
this give him an excellent opportunity to see much of the
country and added greatly to his experience. While in col-
lege he was an enthusiastic baseball player.

On completion of his Medical college work, he located
at Kinston in 1899 and gradually built up a general practice
which in recent years has grown to large proportions.

Dr. Bynum has an attractive home on one of the very
best streets in the heart of .the city, where he has sur-
rounded himself with all of the comforts, and even the luxu-
ries of life. On December 16, 1904, he was happily married
to Miss Helen Blanche Wooten, of Greenville, a daughter
of Mrs. Cynthia Wooten. Mrs. Bynum was educated at Liv-
ingstone College and was a successful teacher before she
married. They have three children, Charles H., Jr., Annie
T. and Wilfred L. Bynum.

Dr. Bynum takes an active interest in all matters re-
lating to the welfare of the race, and believes that the
permanent progress of his people depends on the right sort
of education. His relations with the local white physicians
has been entirely cordial. With the growth of his practice
and its increased income, he has been able to make consider-
able investments in and around Kinston.

He is identified with the State and the National Medi-
cal Societies and during the war belonged to the Volunteer
Medical Corps, but was not called into the service. He is a
member of the Presbyterian church and affiliates with the
Masons and Odd Fellows. He is also local examiner for
the Odd Fellows and for the N. C. Mutual Life Insurance Co.



Robert Thomas Hunter



The Rev. Robert Thomas Hunter, now (1920) stationed
at Newton, is a native of Montgomery, Ala. Few men of
his age in the State has done or are doing more efficient
work than Mr. Hunter. He was born July 7, 1896, so it
will be seen that he is still on the sunny side of thirty.
His father, Wm. Henry Hunter, spent most of his life in
and around Montgomery. Mr. Hunter's mother, before her
marriage, was Miss Laura Trimble. His paternal grand-
parents were Wm. and Dolly Hunter and his maternal grand-
parents were Alfred and Eliza Trimble.

Young Hunter attended the primary department of the
State normal school as a boy and later took the normal
course at the same school at Montgomery. After he had
decided to become a minister, he took his theological course
at Hood Theological Seminary, of Livingstone College, Salis-
bury. He completed this course in May, 1918, as valedicto-
rian of his class in theology and won the Bishop A. B. Bruce
gold medal for scholarship.

He came into the work of the church when he was about
sixte n years of age, and took up the ministry about three
years later. He joined the Conference in Nov., 1915, at
Statesville and was ordained elder by Bishop Geo. W. Clin-
ton. _ nder appointment by the Conference, he was sent to
the Second Creek Circuit in Rowan Co., and it was while
on this work that he pursued his theological course in Salis-
bury. Prior to this time he preached for a short time at
Matthews, where he held forth successfully during the ab-
sence of the regular pastor. From the Second Creek Cir-
cuit he was sent to the Newton Circuit which also includes
the work at Maiden.

On September 18, 1919, Mr. Hunter was married to Miss
Gladys Louise Hamblin, a daughter of Dr. Wm. L. and Min-
nie Hamblin of Montgomery.

Looking back over his career, Mr. Hunter credits his




ROBERT THOMAS HUNTER



514 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

parents with his success in life. He also feels that credit
for some achievements should be accorded Mr. Robert
Thomas Aldworth, a white southerner of the highest type,
a merchant for whom he was named. With his finance and
many bracing words of encouragement, he cut for him "the
gordian" knot". of many dark and trying circumstances.
His father is a hard working, pious man of comfortable cir-
cumstances, who brought up his children in the Sunday
School and church and gave them a liberal education.

From the beginning Mr. Hunter says he has found his
work interesting and his steady progress indicates that the
Zion Church may look to him for years of faithful service.
His favorite reading is poetry and biography, especially
that relating to the members of his own race. He belongs
to rhe secret, benevolent and insurance orders and has had
opportunity for considerable travel throughout the South.



Charles Francis Graves



Prof. Charles Francis Graves, efficient principal of the
Roanoke Collegiate Institute at Elizabeth City, is one of
the progressive young men of the Baptist denomination in
North Carolina who has already made + or himself a promi-
nent place in the educational life of the State, He is widely
known, not only on account of his educational work, but also
through his writings. He is a native of Yanceyville, Cas-
well Co., where he was born May 24, 1878. His father,
William Pinckney Graves, was a carpenter. He was the son
of Margaret Graves. Prof. Graves' mother was, before
her marriage, Miss Carolina M. Williamson, a daughter of
Agnes Williamson.

Prof. Graves was married on June 29, 1904, to Miss
Mattie F. Chavis, of Winston. She was educated at that
town and is a product of Waters Institute, and is a capable
teacher. She has proven to be a most competent helper of
her husband. They have three children, Charles R., Susan
M. and Hattie M. Graves.




CHARLES FRANCIS GRAVES



516 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

When he was a child, his parents moved to Hickory,
then to Reidsville, seeking better financial conditions, and
it was there that he attended the public and high schools,
under such able teachers as Dr. J. E. Dellinger, R. B. Mc-
Rary and C. C. Somerville. At an early age he went to
work in the tobacco factories and was in this way able to
earn money for his college course, which was begun in 1897.
In addition to this, he did hotel work during vacations and
was thus able to complete the college work without a break.
Let it not be imagined, however, that this was an easy task.
Wages were low, and even after he had reached a point
where he could teac^ in the rural schools, the terms were
short and salaries small. He worked his way through
Shaw University, taking high rank in the Languages, His-
tory and Literature, completing his course, and winning his
A. B. degree in 1901 as valedictorian and class orator
in a class of 19. In 1905 the same institution, without
his knowledge or solicitation, conferred on him the A. M.
degree because of his studious habits when he returned to
address the college societies.

Going into western North Carolina to teach a summer
school, he made an unusually fine mark in his examinations
and after that found the way easier. He taught public
schools in Buncombe, Caswell, Rockingham, Northampton
and Pasquotank counties from which he holds first grade
certificates.

When, in 1901, he was made the principal of the Roan-
oke Institute at Elizabeth City, the man and the opportunity
were fairly met. Only three years later he was elected to
the presidency of that institution which has since been un-
der his administration. It is one of the most prosperous
and successful of the Baptist Associational Schools in the
State, and the State Department of Education has recog-
nized this in a most signal way by giving credit to
the graduates trained here. All who are familiar with this
line of work know it is most difficult to make the secondary
denominational schools a success. It requires a man of ex-
ecutive ability, tact, faith and persistence to make such a



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 517

school go. The fact that Prof, Graves has made; a success
of the institution with which he is identified is the best
testimonial that could be written concerning him. During
his incumbency 140 have graduated and are following vari-
ous callings, even as missionary to Africa, preachers, teach-
ers, doctors, lawyers, etc. In his position he is at once a
religious and an educational leader and necessarily he must
be a good business man and a capable executive. Besides
this he is active along many other lines, being a bank direc-
tor, auditor of the Union Baptist State Convention, member
American Sociological Congress, has edited a newspaper and
is a commissioner or trustee of the Theological department,
Shaw University, appointed by the Convention.

Notwithstanding his varied duties, he has found time
to write a series of booklets which have had a wide reading.
He is of the opinion that the best interests of the race in
the State and nation are to be promoted by a demonstra-
tion of strength of character, strength of intellect and
strength of material interests, which are compelled to be
recognized in whomsoever possessed. He is of genial na-
ture, a good conversationalist, conservative, and expresses
his views with a seriousness and sanity that no one can mis-
take his meaning of the broad and humanitarian principles
of thorough manhood.



John Henry Clement



Rev. John Henry Clement, who for more than twenty
years has been active in the religious and educational life
of the State, resides at High Point. He is a native of Davie
Co., having been born at the old town of Mocksville, on
March 5, 1869. His father, Anderson Clement, was a la-
borer and a farmer and the boy was brought up to do all
sorts of farm work. His mother, who before her marriage
was Miss Martha Lanier, was a daughter of Bob Smith,
who was free born.



518 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

Growing up in Davie Co., young Clement attended
the local public school and when ready for college entered
Biddle University. That was in 1895 and he was graduated
from Biddle with the degree of A. B. in 1898. He sup-
ported himself in school for the first five years.

He began his work as a teacher at Rockingham, where
he taught for twenty years in the public and graded school,
being principal of the latter for a number of years. He
came into the work of the church when he was about
seventeen years of age and soon after decided to follow the
ministerial calling.

After completing his college course, he accepted the
pastorate of the Jackson Springs Presbyterian church,
which he served for fifteen years. He preached at Eagle
Springs for five years, repaired the house of worship. He
served the Chapel Hill Church for five years and built a
parsonage. In 1918 he moved from Rockingham to High
Point, where a new house of worship has been erected at
an expense of $5,000.00. He is also serving the church at
Thomasville, which has been repaired during his administra-
tion.

Since coming to High Point he has been identified with
the graded school of Asheboro. His personal interests and
investments are atRockingham where he so long resided.

Rev. Clement believes that the progress of the race de-
pends largely upon the right sort of education and training
along industrial lines.

He has been married twice. His first marriage was
on April 12, 1889, to Miss Annie Kirkpatrick, of Matthews,
N. C. She was educated at Scotia Seminary and was before
her marriage a teacher. They had four children: William
H., Zena, Annie Belle and Charlie Clement. Mrs. Clement,
passed to her reward in 1914.

On June 2, 1920, Mr. Clement was married to Miss
Odessa McDowell, of Salisbury. She was educated at Liv-
ingstone College and is also an accomplished teacher.



George Sadler Leeper



Rev. George Sadler Leeper, A. B., A. M., D. D., of
IKings Mountain, N. C, is one of those sterling characters
who, from his youth up, has made his life count for the
JVTaster. He was born and reared in Mecklenburg Co., N. C.
His father, Green W. Leeper, was a farmer, and the boy
:grew up on the farm. His mother, before her marriage,
was Miss Hannah Minerva Sloan. They set him a Chris-
tian example, and while poor, brought up the boy in the
fear of the Lord. His grandparents also were pious folk
and were loved and respected in their community.

After attending the public schools, young Leeper en-
tered the preparatory department of Biddle University and
remained to graduate from the college and theological de-
partments. The difficulties he encountered in securing an
-education would have defeated a less courageous soul. Dur-
ing the first year at Biddle, his means were exhausted and
he was under the necessity of working at such odd jobs as
'offered, in order to remain until the close of the term. When
;school opened the following year, he was somewhat involved
in debt and so could not return to college. Not for a
moment, however, did he despair, but went bravely to work,
.and after that, by close application to work and study and
by rigid economy, he was able to pursue his course without
a break. He completed the college course and won his
A. B. degree in 1881. The following year, he took up the
Theological course and in 1884 completed that course with
the B. Th. degree. Since that time the same institution has
■conferred on him both the A. M. and D. D. degrees in recog-
nition of his attainments both as teacher and preacher.

Early in life Dr. Leeper' s mind turned to religious mat-
ters. These impressions were intensified by the church and
school, as well as the home. While still a youth he conse-
crated his life to the Gospel ministry and shaped his course
accordingly.




GEORGE SADLER LEEPER



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 521

Dr. Leeper began teaching in Gaston Co., in 1874, and
his success as a teacher has been such as to indicate that he
might have made for himself a prominent place as an edu-
cator, had he chosen that field exclusively. The hard disci-
pline of his boyhood and youth with its poverty and self-
denial did two things for him. It made him sturdy, healthy
and self-reliant; also it taught him sympathy and benevo-
lence toward all who have to struggle. Accordingly his has
been a sympathetic ministry. He has touched people to
help them. It is as a preacher of the Gospel that he is best
known. His pastorates have included Love's Chapel ; Third
Street, Gastonia; St. Paul, Lloyd; Good Hope, and Lawrence
Chapel. The Third Street Church, Gastonia, stands as a
monument to his faith and efforts. Dr. Leeper ad his faith-
ful wife were mainly responsible for this work. In its early
days they furnished a room in their home without charge
where the members met for worship. Later a church build-
ing was erected under his administration. New houses of
worship have also been erected at St. Paul and at Good
Hope.

Dr. Leeper has not confined himself to his own churches
in any narrow or selfish manner, but has sought to do good
wherever and whenever he could. He was the chief factor
in working up the organization of Lisbon Springs Presby-
terian church at Lowell. He stands high in the denomina-
tion. He has been a member of all the church courts and
is a member of the Catawba Presbytery. For nearly forty
years he has gone in and out before his people ministering
to them in every helpful way.

On May 25, 1887, he was married to Miss Josephine S. S.
Rhodes, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Clem C. Rhodes. Of
the four children born to them, two are living. They are
Georgia L. and Catherine G. Leeper.

Dr. Leeper is of the dpinion that the greatest need of
the race is energetic, intelligent godly leadership.



Frederick Douglas Quick

In order to understand a man like Dr. Frederick Doug-
las Quick of the old town of Rockingham, it is necessary to
know something of his ancestry. It is interesting therefore
to note that long before emancipation, his grandfather, John
Quick, was so much above the average slave in energy, ambi-
tion and intelligence that he had worked out his own free-
dom.

Hon. W. H. Quick, Esq., the father of Dr. Quick is a
successful lawyer residing at Sanford. An uncle Rev. H. I.
Quick of Rockingham is a popular Baptist preacher and a
successful business man. A cousin, Dr. J. D. Quick, is a
rising young physician at Lumberton, while other members
of the family adorn the professional and business life of
the State. So it will be seen that the Quick family is a
remarkable one.

Dr. F. D. Quick was born in Richmond Co., on Nov. 17,
1880. His parents are Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Quick of Sanford.
The boy grew up on the farm and has always been energetic
and self-reliant. The home influences were good, but he
early realized that success depended on personal effort and
development. He passed from the local public schools to
Hampton Institute where he spent four profitable years,
completing the academic course in 1904. By this time he
had definitely decided to make a physician of himself and de-
termined to have the best training available. His finances
were at a low ebb, however, so he remained out of school
one year and worked. The following year he matriculated
at the medical department of Howard University, where he
won his M. D. degree in 1909. His summer vacations were
spent in hotel work at the North, so he came through school
out of debt.

After completing his course, he practiced for a few
months in Sanford but in 1910 located at Rockingham,
where he has since resided. He is the only colored physi-




FREDERICK DOUGLAS QUICK



524 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

cian in that town and has already built, up a practice which
would be a credit to a much older man.

On Jan. 20, 1915, Dr. Quick and Miss Leana Murray, a
native of Alabama, were happily married. She was edu-
cated at Livingstone College and was before their marriage
a capable teacher. They have one child, Otis Quick.

Dr. Quick is a Republican in poditics but has not found
much time for party affairs. He is an active member of
the A. M. E. Zion Church, in which he is a trustee. Among
the secret orders he holds membership in the Masons, Odd
Fellows and Pythians, for all of which he is medical exam-
iner. He also acts in the same capacity for the Standard
Life Insurance Co. and the N. C. Mutual. He is a member
of both State and National Medical Associations. He be-
lieves that the progress of the race must be based on the
proper sort of home life. In his reading Dr. Quick naturally
gives his professional books first place, but after that he
finds History and Biography most helpful.



Pinkney Warren Russell

Rev. Pinckney Warren Russell, A. B., D. D., professor
of Greek at Biddle University, is one of the most distin-
guished ministers and educators of the Presbyterian
Church. He is a native of the old town of Newberry, S. ft,
where he was born April 25, 1864. His parents were Madi-
son and Rachel (Williams) Russell. His paternal grand-
father, who was originally from Virginia, was Tom Russell
and his maternal grandparents were Tom and Easter Wil-
liams.

Becoming of school age during what is known as the
"Reconstruction period," it may well be imagined that the
boy had no easy time in securing an education. As a
youngster he worked on the farm, and laid the foundations
of his education at the Hogue School, in Newberry. After
the death of his mother and father, he worked at a cotton
factory at Pelzer, S. C.




PINKNEY WARREN RUSSELL



526 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

When about twenty years of age, his mind turned to
the serious concerns of religion and he came into the work
of the church. Soon afterward, he devoted his life to its

ministry-
He entered and graduated from the normal course of
Biddle University, and then took the college course, gradu-
ating in 1890 with first honor. While pursuing his studies
in school he assisted in teaching some of the lower classes.
This was followed by the theological course at the same in-
stitution. His D. D. degree was conferred upon him by
Lincoln University, Pennsylvania.

When he left Newberry, he had two ideas in mind —
the making of money and the securing of an education.
When he found it necessary later to choose between the
two, he selected the latter and devoted years of patient en-
deavor to the task of fitting himself adequately for the great
work of life. He made a splendid record as a student while
at Biddle and spent his summer vacations teaching in North
and South Carolina.

His first active pastorate was at Biddleville, where he
had charge of the Presbyterian church for a short while.
From this he was called to Goldsboro, where he remained for
seven years. Here he was principal of the State Normal
School and while connected with that institution made for
himself an enviable record as a teacher and as an executive.
Accordingly, he was called back to his Alma Mater as assist-
ant teacher in the preparatory department, where he re~
mained for one term, at the end of which he became princi-
pal of the preparatory department and served in that capac-
itl for three years. He was then promoted to the chair of
Greek in the University, which position he has since held
with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of the trus-
tees and patrons.

Dr. Russel is a member of the Classical Association of
the Middle West and South. He is also identified with
the American Classical League and the American Philologi-
cal Association.

On December 19, 1894, he was married to Miss Hattie



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 527

E. Field, of Weldon. Mrs. Russell was educated at St. Aug-
ustine, Raleigh, and the Peabody Normal and High School
at Petersburg, Va., and is herself an accomplished teacher.
They have six children: Ethel, Field S., Pinckney W., Jr.,
Hattie T., Willie H. and Sanders N. Russell.

Dr. Russell is of the opinion that the greatest single
need of the race is Christian education. It is not surprising
to learn that, dealing as he does with the classical litera-
ture of the past, his favorite reading is history.



William Robert Coles



William Robert Coles, the present efficient Superin-
tendent of the Winston-Salem District for the North Caro-
lina Mutual, is a native of Rowan Co., having been born at
Salisbury on Dec. 4, 1887. His father, Rev. Wm. R. Coles,
is still living (1920). His mother, before her marriage, was
Miss Rosa F. Trusty. Fortunately for young Coles, the
home influences were good and he seems to have made the
most of them. Early in life his parents located at Aiken,
S. C, where his father was pastor of the Presbyterian
church and had charge of the parochial school. It was in
Aiken that our subject laid the foundation of his education.
When ready for his college course, he matriculated at Bid-
die University from which he was graduated with the A. B.
degree in 1899.) He had early learned the tailor's trade
and used this to help himself through school. He taught
school at Aiken for six terms. He then went into the tail-
oring business and at different times ran shops at both
Augusta and Columbia.

Mr. Coles was not slow to see the advantages of the
insurance field and in 1913 made a connection with the
Standard Life Insurance Company of Atlanta, which he
represented at Augusta for one year. The character of his
work on that field was such that his services were sought
by a local insurance company, the Pilgrim's Health and Life,



528 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

with which he was identified as Supt. of the Augusta Dis-
trict' from Dec, 1914 to August, 1918. His work naturally
revealed to him the competitors, among which was the' North
Carolina Mutual. So impressed was he with the men and
the methods of this, the largest Negro insurance company
in the world, that he resigned his position as Supt. of the
local concern and accepted the agency of the N. C. Mutual



Online LibraryArthur Bunyan CaldwellHistory of the American Negro and his institutions; (Volume 4) → online text (page 29 of 48)