in which capacity he worked for one year. Such was the
record he made in that year, that he was promoted to the
superintendency and given the Winston-Salem District, one
of the most productive in the South. He moved at once to
that thriving city and has fully identified himself with the.
business and social interests of the race at Winston-Salem.
Mr. Coles is a member of the Episcopal church in which
he is a lay reader. He belongs to the Masons. He is a
lover of short stories and keeps up with the movements of
the time through the current papers and magazines. His
investments are at Winston-Salem.
On Sept. 26, 1906, Mr. Coles was married to Miss Pearl
C. Shelton, of Columbia, S. C. She was educated at Claflin
University and was, before her marriage, an accomplished
teacher. They have two children, T. Shelton and Enostine
Daniel Levy Thomas
The M. E. Church has for years maintained an educa-
tional policy which has brought into her ministry as intelli-
gent a leadership as will be found in any other denomina-
tion in the South. Among the successful pastors of the
connection in North Carolina must be mentioned Rev.
Daniel Levy Thomas, now (1920) located at West Raleigh.
He is a native of the sister State of South Carolina, having
been born at Brightsville, Marlboro Co., on August 31, 1871.
His father, Joe Thomas, was a son of Judia Thomas. His
DANIEL LEVY THOMAS
530 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
mother before her marriage was Sarah Jane McRae, a
daughter of Abraham and Judy McRae.
Mr. Thomas was educated at the county public schools
and at Claflin University. He was converted in his early
teens and when about twenty years of age felt called to
preach. Then came the recognition that he needed better
preparation for his life work than the local schools afforded.
He was under the necessity of working his way through
school as he had no financial resources and no friends to
help him. He spent considerable time in hotel work, in an
environment which was by no means conducive to piety.
Like Job, however, "he held fast to his integrity," and in
1905 joined the conference and took up the active duties of
the ministry. His first regular appointment was the As-
bury charge, where he preached for two years. He went
from there to Conley Springs for two years and was at the
head of the entire charge for twelve years, where he com-
pleted the house of worship. In 1914 he preached at Mt.
Holley and Stanley Creek and went from there to Lenoir
for two years, where he paid the church debt. From Lenoir
he went to West Asheville for a year and then to Leakes-
ville one year. He is now (1920) in his second year at
West Raleigh which is the only M. E. Church of the capital
city of the State. He has made good progress in this work
and is held in high esteem by the progressive people of
both races. He belongs to the Masons and is an official
in the local lodge. Mr. Thomas is a constant reader, giving
first attention, of course, to the Bible and has found special
help and inspiration from such books as Pilgrim's Prog-
ress and the Life of Benjamin Franklin.
Dallas Joseph Flynn
Rev. Dallas Joseph Flynn, D. D., who is one of the most
prominent figures of the Congregational Church in the
South and now (1919) Superintendent of the Congregational
DALLAS JOSEPH FLYNN
532 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
Churches in North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia,
resides at Charlotte.
He is a native of Mobile, Ala. The exact date of his
birth cannot now be ascertained. His father was Augustus
Flynn, a farmer, and his mother before her marriage was
Millie Keith. Dr. Flynn's paternal grandparents were John
and Harriet Flynn and his maternal grandparents were
Pell and Martha Keith. There is a strain of Scotch blood
on the father's side and Indian blood on the mother's side,
so that Dr. Flynn really represents a sort of trinity of races.
On June 26, 1893, he was married to Miss Florence
Rouville, a daughter of Frances and Angellina Rouville.
As a boy young Flynn worked as a barber and attended
the public schools of Mobile. Subsequently he went to Tal-
ladega and in 1901 was graduated from the Theological
department of that institution from which he has the D. D.
Early in life he learned the barber trade and used this
as a means to help himself through school. All his spare
time was thus employed so there was little or no time left
for college athletics.
When he was about 19 years of age he was soundly
converted and the whole tenor of his life was changed.
Growing up in a home of the direst poverty and hemmed in
by adverse circumstances, he now moved forward with faith
and courage and dates his highest ideals and best impulses
from that decisive hour when he came into a knowledge of
the Christ. And he feels that but for the grace of God
he would have been a self-centered parasite upon the social
body of the nation ; and moreover, he has found out that
but for the operation in his daily life of the Holy Spirit
he would have long sines been lying out in open shame
Entering upon the work of the Gospel ministry in
1901, he has given his life to that calling unstintedly and
the work of the Kingdom has prospered in his hands. His
first pastorate was August, Ga., where he preached for a
little more than seven years. A new house of worship
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 533
and a parsonage were erected under his administration
and the congregation built up in every way. He was
then called to Charlotte, N. C. where he served the Eman-
uel Congregational Church for six years. Here again his
work was characterized by growth in numbers and spiritual
power. In 1914 he was made Superintendent of the Con-
gregational Churches in N. C, S. C. and Ga. Like the apos-
tle of old he gives himself entirely to his ministry, having
paid but little attention to party politics or the activities
of the secret orders.
It is perhaps in his capacity as Superintendent that Dr.
Flynn has done his most notable work. More progress has
been made by the Congregational Churches under his super-
vision during the last five years than for any like period
in their history. The Annual Bible Missionary Conference
which under God he inaugurated, has been of inestimable
value in the advancement of the Kingdom of Christ.
He is a forceful speaker and his voice has been heard
both North and South in the interest of the work of the
Kingdom. Some of his writings have also had a wide read-
ing and his favorite living authors are men like Dr. G Camp-
bell Morgan and Dr. F. B. Myers. He has also found the
biographies of great men helpful. Dr. Flynn illustrates in
his own life what a man can accomplish even in the face of
difficulties when he has high and holy ideals and works to-
wards them with singleness of purpose. He is buying a
comfortable home in Charlotte.
Sylvester Jackson Hayden
Among the faithful, earnest workers of the M. E. Con-
nection in North Carolina must be mentioned Rev. Sylvester
Jackson Hayden now (1919) stationed at Gastonia. He is
in no way a sensationalist. He believes in preaching a pure
Gospel and working with his own hands. He is not only
a good preacher and a successful pastor, but also a practical
SYLVESTER JACKSON HAYDEN
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 535
carpenter. So when there is a church to be erected, he
take the lead and knows when the job is well done. He has
had a fruitful ministry both as to new members and the
building of new houses of worship.
During the years of his young manhood, he taught
school for five years in Cleveland, Gaston and Vance Coun-
ties Cleveland is his home county. He was born near
Shelby, the county seat, on Oct. 25, 1875. His parents
were Dennis and Susannah (Goode) Hayden; his mother's
parents were Moses and Violet Goode.
Rev. Hayden is the first member of the family within
his knowledge to enter the ministry. On Aug. 21, 1901, he
was married to Miss Minnie Ramseur of Hickory.
As a boy he attended the rural schools in Cleveland
Co but later went to Bennett College, Greensboro, where
he pursued the Normal Course. He experienced the new
birth when he was about eighteen and it was about four
years later before he definitely decided to take up the work
of the ministry. He joined the Conference at Asheville un-
der Bishop Burt. His first pastorate comprised Stanley
Creek and Mt. Holley where he preached for two years.
He built a church at Mt. Holley and finished the house at
Stanley Creek. His next work was the Lenoir Circuit on
which one new house of worship was erected. From there
he went to Wentworth near Greensboro one year and then
to Townsville in Vance Co. for a year. He was then pro-
moted to the Goldsboro Station where he preached for four
years. Here a new house was built and the membership of
the church nearly doubled. His next appointment took
him to Pin Hook at Hale's Ford, Va., where he preached
for two years and built a church. From there he returned
to North Carolina and was on the Rendleman Circuit two
years. After that he went to Old Fort and Marion for three
years. While on this work he built a parsonage. In 1917
he was sent to his present work at Gastonia which has
prospered under his administration. Though always a busy
man, he finds time for considerable reading and is especially
fond of history. He looks to education as the greatest sin-
536 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
gle factor in the material progress of the race. His prop-
erty interests are in Randolph Co.
Wesley Henry Shaw
On the second Sunday in May, 1918, there was a great
and notable gathering at Zion Hill Church, in Halifax Co.,
N. C. The occasion was the celebration of the fiftieth anni-
versary of the pastor for this lengthy period, not only of
this but of one other church, these being the first two
churches to which he had been called at the begining of his
history. Glowing tributes were paid to him by several
ministers who had been associated with him during his long
and useful service in his sacred calling, and others sought
the privilege of bearing testimony to the esteem in which
they held the veteran soldier of the cross.
This veteran preacher, Rev. Wesley Shaw, has since
that time passed to his reward. He was born a slave in
Northampton Co., N. C, in 1844. In 1862 he became a resi-
dent of Halifax Co. In 1864 he was converted and joined
the Baptist church. In 1868 he was licensed to preach the
gospel and in 1870 was ordained to the full work of the
ministry. He was at an early period called to the pastorate
of Zion Hill church and Carter's Chapel and both of these
pastorates he held for more than fifty years.
He married early and while yet a slave, and it was
not until after the death of the first wife that he entered
school. He then attended Reedy Creek Institute. Though
he was not a college trained man, the degree of D. D. was
conferred upon him in tf he later years of his ministry as a
recognition of long, faithful and able service. He made
good use of his opportunities while in school and the knowl-
edge then acquired was used with splendid effect throughout
the year of his long and fruitful ministry.
Mr. Shaw was throughout his career a staunch upholder
of good morals and right living in every relation of life.
WESLEY HEXEY SHAW
538 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
So well did he teach and exemplify these principles that he
won for himself the unreserved respect and admiration of
both races. He advocated and practiced temperance and
clean living and by his teaching and example wielded a most
salutary influence over a widely extended circle. He was
an advocate of prohibition, when many associated with him
where giving their voices and their influence to the other
side of this great question. His labors in the extension of
the work of the churches were unceasing. He was instru-
mental in the organization of the following churches : Pie
Grove and Springfield in Halifax Co.; Cedar Creek and
Perry's Chapel in Franklin Co. ; Mt. Zion in Warren Co. ;
Pattillo's Chapel and Cool Spring in Northampton Co. A
biography of him published near the close of his life by
W. F. Young says : "No minister has been more successful
nor more a blessing to the state and community in which he
Besides the churches already mentioned, he served two
other churches constantly and many more than he could
accept were at all times seeking his service. During the
fifty years of his ministry he saw more than 4,000 new
members added to the churches of which he was pastor.
He officiated at hundreds of marriages and conducted more
than 1,000 funerals.
He was a leading spirit in the organization, in 1871, of
the Neuse River Association and for twelve years he was
vice-president of this body. One striking mark of the con-
fidence reposed in him was found in the fact that as a re-
sult of his influence a well known white citizen, Mr. T. W.
Harris, gave a site for the erection of a new building for
Zion Hill church and also gave material assistance in sug-
gesting plans for the building.
He was twice married and had twelve children, who
live to honor his memory. He was from beginning to end a
great Bible student and in addition he owned a library of
many choice books of which he made diligent and intelli-
gent use. And in his association with others, especially
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 539
those of trained and disciplined minds he found a source of
unceasing - instruction and inspiration.
It was on Nov. 14, 1919, that he passed away. Multi-
tudes hold his memory in honor and all classes of people
delight to pay tribute to the unselfish service which he
rendered to God and to the cause of humanity.
His first wife was before her marriage Miss Julia
Palmer. She bore him the following children: Delia, Rob-
ert, Thomas, Virgil, Rogers, and Lizzie Shaw. After the
death of Mrs. Shaw Dr. Shaw was married on Jan. 15, 1902,
to Miss Ada Shaw. This union was blessed with six chil-
dren : Lola, Wesley, Helen, Fred D., Willie 0. and Matthew
Frank Robert Cox
Rev. Frank Robert Cox, who resides at Concord, was
born during the stormy days of the war. He has no rec-
ord of the exact date, but it was perhaps Jan., 1864, cer-
tainly about that time. His parents, Handy Cox and Leah
(Maddox) Cox. Both were slaves in Moore Co. and it was
there that Frank was born. His father was a shoemaker
by trade. After emancipation they continued to live on
the farm and so the boy was taught to do all sorts of farm
work, at which he developed a robust body, which has been
able to stand the strain of the years. His home was one
of poverty, but the parents were Christian and sought to
train the boy along right lines. He was required to attend
Sunday School and regards the lessons there learned as
the most important factor in shaping his life. He experi-
enced the new birth when he was about fifteen years of
age and joined the A. M. E. Zion church of which he has
been an active and useful member since. For twenty years
he was Supt. of the S. S. at Love Grove. After growing
to manhood he left the farm and was for six years engaged
in railroad work.
540 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
As the years went by he was more and more impressed,
with the obligation to preach the gospel. He was licensed
in 1895 and in 1900 joined the Conference at Greensboro
under the late Bishop Hood. Since that time he has de-
voted himself to the work of the church and has had a
fruitful ministry covering a number of counties in the cen-
tral and southern part of the State. His first pastorate
was the Johnsonville Circuit in Harnett Co., which he served
two years. His next appointment took him back to his
home county, where he served the Vass Circuit for two
years and the Candor Circuit one year and Mt. Gilead Cir-
cuit two years. From the latter he went to Mt. Airy Cir-
cuit in Richmond Co. for three years, after which he served
the Albemarle Circuit one year. He was then promoted
to the Norwood Station in Stanly Co. On the expiration of
his pastorate there he was sent to the Cedar Grove Circuit
in Cabarrus Co. and has since resided in Concord. After
three years of faithful service at Cedar Grove, he was ap-
pointed to Bethel Station, where he preached one year. He
then preached on the Mt. Pleasant Circuit two years, and
Reives Chapel Circuit two years. In 1919 he was appointed
to the Mineral Springs Circuit in Union Co.
Rev. Cox has brought many new members into the
church and at various points has erected new houses of
worship or repaired the church buildings. His principal
reading has been the Bible and Theological literature.
Mr. Cox is a Republican, but takes no active part in
party politics. Among the secret orders he holds member-
ship in the Masons, Odd Fellows and Eastern Star. He
has at different times represented the N. C. Mutual Ins.
Co. He is a careful business man and owns a comfortable
home at Concord.
Rev. Cox has been married twice. He was first mar-
ried when about eighteen years of age to Miss Louisa Wad-
dell of Moore Co. She bore him six children, five of whom
are living. They are Jno. W., Charlie L., Isaac, Annie J.
(Mrs. McCoy), and Willie F. Cox. In March, 1911, Mrs.
Cox passed to her reward. On Dec. 26, 1912, Mr. Cox
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 541
was married to Miss Lucinda Phifer, of Cabarrus Co. She
was educated at Scotia Seminary. They have one child,
Frank David Cox.
William Henry Starkey
For the past fifteen years Wm. H. Starkey has been
Secretary of the Land Improvement Company, one of the
most important business enterprises of the race in North
Carolina. He has also for some time been secretary and
treasurer of the Supreme Grand Lodge of the I. 0. G. S. &
D. of S., also secretary of the Mable Ruth Lodge 195, and
has filled from time to time some of the most responsible
political offices in his community. It therefore is almost
needless to state that- our subject has disolayed qualities
of the highest order in executive leadership and though
he began life as a barber he has been called to help pioneer
new and exacting fields and has lived to see them succeed,
and enjoy incidental personal success for himself.
Mr. Starkey was born at Charlotte on Sept. 16, 1865.
His father, Edward F. Starkey, was a skilled engineer and
machinist. His mother's maiden name was Laura R. Clark.
His grandfather was an engineer and a minister, named
Abraham Starkey. His great grandfather, Peter J. Star-
key, was a carpenter. The former married Hannah Jones
and the latter's wife was Phillis Bell. His maternal grand-
parents were Wm. and Emeline Clark. Thus he had good
ancestry behind him and though his parents, like others
just out of slavery, were poor, they were trained to definite
industry above common labor.
The boy attended the public school and the State Nor-
mal and found this difficult inasmuch as he had to make
his way and so was called away much from continued study.
He was faithful in attending Sunday School, however, and
is grateful for its influence in shaping him for a life of use-
fulness. When only sixteen years of age he was made
WILLIAM HENRY STARKEY
NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 543
Superintendent of Clinton Chapel, A. M. E. Zion Church,
and this really marked the beginning of his public career.
In 1890 he began his business life in New Bern, where he
has since resided.
On January 16, 1890, Mr. Starkey was married to Miss
Mary Elizabeth White, a daughter of Jacob and Matilda
White. They have reared three of their five children and
it is pleasant to remark, in passing, that each of these is
now filling a most creditable and useful position in life.
One son, Isaac W. Starkey, is a pharmacist, the other,
Louis Charles, is manager of a successful barber shop, and
the daughter, Miss Mayme Lillian is a teacher of domestic
science. Mr. Starkey has given his children educational
advantages he himself lacked, nor has he stopped with edu-
cation for his own children alone, but was one of the found-
ers of the E. N. C. I. Academy at New Bern and is now a
member of its Trustee Board.
Mr. Starkey is a Republican in politics and has taken
an active part in the affairs of his party. He has been
ward committeeman of New Bern, judge of election, magis-
trate and assistant registrar of deeds for Craven Co.
He is member of the A. M. E. Zion Church and in ad-
dition to the lodges mentioned at the outset is a Patriarch
of the Odd Fellows, Past Master and 32nd degree Mason, a
Knight of Gideon and a Knight of King David and member
of the Household of Ruth. Locally he belongs to the Com-
mercial Association, is chairman of the Welfare Community
Service League and member of the board of directors of the
Mr. Starkey is an unusual man, and a most valuable
asset to the race. "Diligent in business," he has joined
heartily in church, lodge, public service and educational af-
fairs, proving that business cares need not make a man
narrow in his views or cold in sympathy. Not as a pri-
mary motive, but as incidental to his hard work and good
judgment, he has accumulated considerable property, show-
ing again that a man may give his leisure to matters which
pay nothing and still not be imprudent. He has necessarily
544 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
been most active but still has managed time to absorb the
best in books, giving preference to ethical works and those
on Negro history. He considers, justly, that Booker T.
Washington's "Up from Slavery" is a work of great inspira-
tional importance. Mr. Starkey has traveled extensively,
visiting almost every city of any importance in the United
Mr. Starkey 's views on racial progress are worthy of
considerable thought. For the most part he believes in
plain, practical education and more business and social or-
ganizations as aids to a more independent and fuller life
for his people. He also desires to see more unity between
the educated and uneducated Negroes.
John Doward Quick
One of the encouraging signs of the times is the fact
that more and more young men of the race are taking up
professions and lines of work which call for years of men-
tal training and careful preparation. It is especially grati-
fying to note that the medical profession is attracting men
of ability and a desire to be of service. There is scarcely a
field of endeavor in which a man can make his life count
Among the rising young doctors of eastern North Caro-
lina is Dr. John Doward Quick of Lumberton. He was born
at Rockingham on Nov. 23, 1889, and is a son of Rev. H. I.
Quick and his wife, Helen, who before her marriage was an
Ellerbe. Dr. Quick's paternal grandparents were Harrison
and Lydia Quick and his maternal grandmother was Nettie
Young Quick attended the local graded and normal
school at Rockingham as a boy. Thus far the way had no
unusual difficulties, but when the youth aspired to a higher
education there were obstacles enough, chief among these
was the lack of means. So it was necessary for him to
JOHN DOWARD QUICK AND WIFE
546 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO
earn much of the money for his own schooling. This he
did with persistence and courage which simply did not take
failure into consideration. Fortunately his home training
was sound. This reflected itself in the steadiness of pur-
pose with which he pursued the tasks he had set himself.
He went from the home school to the A. & M. at Greensboro
and passed from there to special work in the College of Arts
and Sciences at Howard University, Washington. When
ready for his Medical course he matriculated in the Medi-
cal department of Howard, from which he won his M. D.
degree in 1917. His student days were so filled that he had
little time for college athletics, though very fond of most
In his reading he naturally gives first attention to the
literature of his profession. After that he has a fondness
for the literature dealing with the progress and problems of
After completing his course he went to Kansas City,
Mo., and passed the State Board in Dec, 1917. While serv-
ing as Interne at the Kansas General Hospital he was in the
spring of 1918 commissioned as first Lieut, in the M. R. C.
He then came to North Carolina, passed the State Board in
June, 1918, and has since been practicing at Lumberton.
Already he has firmly established himself not only profes-
sionally, but in the business and social life of the city as
well. He is a member of the Baptist Church and belongs
to the Masons, the Eastern Star, the Pythians and the Chi
Delta Mu Medical fraternity.
On Nov. 6, 1918, Dr. Quick was married to Miss Julia