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pronounced factor for good in his life. After completing
the work at Winton he went to Shaw University, remaining
through the junior year and taking the Theological course,
which led to the B. Th. degree in 1903.

Young Newsome was religiously inclined from an early
age. In fact, he went actively into the work of the church
when only twelve years old and felt a definite call to
preach the Gospel by the time he was sixteen. He was li-
censed and ordained by the church at Ahoskie. It was
necessary for him to make his own way in school, so he
did this faithfully and has come to be regarded as one of
the most capable preachers and educators of the denomina-




MARCELLUS NOLLE NEWSOME




MRS. MARCELLUS NOLLE NEWSOME



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 605

tion in the State. He has a philosophic turn of mind and
next after the Bible finds his greatest pleasure and profit in
reading history and law.

His first pastorate was the First Baptist church at
Raleigh, which he served for a year. From Raleigh he
went to Ocala, Fla., for a short time, but returned after
six months to Ahoskie and went from there to the First
Baptist church at Fayetteville. While on the Fayetteville
work a new parsonage was erected. His work as teacher
and preacher was of such character that he was recognized
as an efficient and capable man and appointed missionary
for the eastern district of North Carolina by his State con-
vention. In this capacity he served for two years, going
over his territory of the State, organizing and strengthen-
ing the work wherever needed, holding institutes and mak-
ing himself helpful to th'e brethren in every way possible.
After that he was called to county work in Bertie Co. where
he continued his religious and educational activities for
eight years. During that time, he built a school at Ahoskie.
In the fall of 1918 he took charge of the Pee Dee Institute
which is under the auspices of the Pee Dee Association.
His work here is moving along in good shape and he is now
also pastor of the First Baptist church at Rockingham and
the First Baptist church at Laurinburg. Mr. Newsome has
had a fruitful ministry in all those fields where he has re-
mained for ny length of time. With his strength of mind
and body and his equipment he has the promise of years of
large usefulness in the Kingdom. In recognition of his
work and attainments, the degree of D. D. was conferred
upon him by Gaudaloupe College.

Among the secret orders Mr. Newsome is identified
with the Odd Fellows and Pythians.

In September, 1904, he was married to Miss Mary E.
Trammell of Ahoskie. They have two children, Mannie D.
and Nolle Newsome. Rev. Newsome owns property in
Ahoskie.



John Henry Hayswood



The Presbyterians have been pioneers in the matter
of education — Christian education. All along they have in-
sisted the forces making for intelligence should at the same
time make for character. They insist not only on an edu-
cated ministry, but stand for an educated laity as well. So
preachers are teachers and hard by the churches are schools.

One of the men who has done valiant service in these
closely related fields is Rev. John Henry Hayswood, A. B.,
A. M., D. D., of Lumberton. Dr. Hayswood was born near
Louisburg in Franklin. Co. on July 26, 1866. His parents
were John and Catherine Hayswood. His paternal grand-
parents were Matthew and Jennie (Timberlake) Hayswood.
On the mother's side his grandparents were Edmund Finch
and Mary Perry.

Dr. Hayswood was married April 14, 1897, to Miss Mat-
tie L. Johnson of Portsmouth, Va. She was educated at
Hartshorn Memorial College, Richmond, Va.

As a boy young Hayswood went to the public school
in his native county. He was happily converted when be-
tween sixteen and seventeen years of age. A couple of
years later he felt called to preach. Then came the reali-
zation that he must fit himself for his work in life.

His mother had passed away when he was eleven years
of age and when he passed from the public school it was
necessary for him to support himself. As a boy he worked
on the farm. In 1885 he went North and worked at Willi-
mantic, Conn., until the end of 1886. In January, 1887, he
entered St. Augustine at Raleigh with money enough for
the balance of that school year. He then taught during
vacation and returned in the fall for his second year. His
meager funds were supplemented by service as janitor and
by doing such other work as could be secured. It may be
imagined that this left but little time for athletics. Such
was his conduct and the character of his work that at the



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 607

end of the school year the principal called it square and
the young man again went forth to teach during the sum-
mer. In the fall of 1888 he matriculated at Lincoln Univer-
sity, where he remained as a student for eight years. In
1893 he won his A. B. degree from the college department
and three years later the A. M. and S. T. B. degrees when
he had finished the Theological department. Since then
the D. D. degree has been conferred on him by the same
institution. One June 4, 1896, he was ordained by the
Chester Presbytery. Coming South to Hookerton he took
work in Greene and Lenoir Counties and remained on that
field six and a half years. Unfinished churches were com-
pleted and old ones repaired and the congregations built up.
In Jan., 1903, he came to his present field, where the work,
both educational and religious, has greatly prospered under
his administration. The Red Stone Academy has been set
up and has made for itself a place in the educational life of
Lumberton. It has reached an enrollment of 262. It re-
quires a faculty of five teachers. In 1909 a school biulding
was erected which in 1915 was destroyed by fire. A new
house was built so that the present plant represents a value
of about five thousand dollars.

Dr. Hayswood preaches at Lumberton and at Panther's
Ford. A new house of worship has been erected at the lat-
ter place. For eleven and a half years he preached at Row-
land in Robeson Co. He was a delegate to the Kansas City
General Assembly in 1908 and was twice moderator of the
Cape Fear Presbytery. He is now Chm. of the Com. on
Supply. Among the secret orders he belongs to the Masons,
Pythians and Eastern Star.



Latta Hilliard Powell



Rev. Latta Hillard Powell, A. B., B. Th., of Ma 't-
is one of the strong young preachers of the Baptist deno—
natkn in eastern Carolina. He is a native of Robeson r "




LATTA HILLARD POWELL



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 609

having been born about eight miles from Lumberton on
Sept. 3, 1886. His father, Franklin Pierce Powell, was a
farmer. During the slavery period he was sold away from
his father, Edmond Powell, and trained as a cook in the
home of Joel Inman. Dr. Powell's mother was, before her
marriage, Miss Harriet E. Ashley. She was a daughter of
Robert Ashley, who was owned by the Ashley family near
Atkinson's Mill. As a slave he won the respect and esteem
of his master by his industry and loyalty. After emanci-
pation, he associated himself with some other Christian
men, such as Rev. A. A. Thompson and Rev. Dennis PowelL
Together they purchased several tracts of land and estab-
lished a number of churches which have become centers of
usefulness.

Dr. Powell laid the foundation of his education in the
local public schools and later went to the Thompson Insti-
tute at Lumberton. Here it was necessary for him to make
his own way. Between terms he worked on the farm,
grew strawberries and vegetables and raised hogs. He
won a year's scholarship from the Lumber River Associa-
tion and finished at the Institute in 1906.

He gave his heart to God as a boy and soon after con-
secrated himself to the work of the ministry. He had the
wisdom, instead of rushing into his work unprepared, to take
the time to fit himself for the largest service. Accordingly
he matriculated at Shaw University, where he completed
his course in 1912. He has from Shaw both the A. B. and
the B. Th. degrees. In January, 1919, while in Shaw, he
was ordained to the full work of the ministry and from
that time to the present he has had more calls than he
could accept. He has been successful from the beginning.
Immediately after his ordination, he took charge of the Mt.
Level Baptist church in Durham Co., which he served for
four years. After that he accepted a call from the First
Church of West Raleigh. He resigned that work in 1912
to take up mission work in the State, which he followed for
one year, when he resigned to become the principal of the
Burgaw Normal and Industrial School. He remained in this



HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

work for two years, but his shepherd heart yearned for
the more direct work of the pastorate. So in 1915 he re-
signed to accept the churches he now serves so acceptably.
They are the First Baptist, St. John's Church, Lumberton,
First Baptist, Mount Olive, Mt. Olive Baptist church, White-
ville and St. Mary's Baptist church, Evergreen. A new
house of worship has been erected at Mt. Olive at a cost
of eight thousand dollars. Dr. Powell preached for a while
at Goldsboro and the twenty thousand dollar edifice of the
Antioch Baptist church there was begun under his admin-
istration.

On Dec. 25, 1920, Dr. Powell married Miss L. W. Pow-
ers of Wallace, N. C. She is the daughter of Rev. Isaac
Powers, a prominent Baptist minister.

Looking back over the days of his boyhood and youth,
Dr. Powell is of the opinion that the most patent factors
in shaping his life were the very difficulties which stood in
his way and which gave new strength and courage as they
were overcome.



Francis Henry Parker



The best advertisement which an institution like the
great school at Tuskegee, Alabama, has, is the kind of men
and women it sends out into the world. It is impossible to
estimate the influence of a man like its founder, the late
Dr. Washington. Often one finds a prosperous, model set-
tlement, where there are good schools and successful busi-
ness enterprises and not infrequently a little investigation
will show that the leaders there are either Tuskegee men,
or have come under the tuition of Tuskegee men.

The story of Prof. Francis Henry Parker illustrates
this. He was born at Shorter, Ala., in Macon Co., June 4,
1880. His father, of the same name, was a Baptist preacher
and was the son of Glasgow and Katie Parker. His mother,




FRANCIS HENRY PARKER



612 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

before her marriage, was Lydia Taylor, a daughter of Frank
H. and Lydia Taylor.

Young Parker went to the rural schools of Macon Co.
as a boy and later entered Tuskegee, where he came into per-
sonal contact with Dr. Booker T. Washington, who took spe-
cial interest in him. He spent four years at Tuskegee,
where he made a record of which no one need be ashamed.
He passed from Tuskegee to Snow Hill, which had been
organized along the same lines as Tuskegee and remained
six years in that institution. Here he learned the printing
trade and graduated in 1905.

Prof. McDuffy, who had preceded him from Snow Hill
to Laurinburg, induced young Parker to join him there, and
for eight years he was superintendent of industry in the
Normal & Industrial School which has played such an im-
portant part in the development of that section of North
Carolina.

Prof. Parker was not slow to see the opportunities af-
forded in the real estate field at Laurinburg and for the
last seven years has been giving more or less time to the
real estate business.

In the fall of 1918 he was made district superintendent
for the N. C. Mutual at Laurinburg, which includes Scotland,
Robeson, Hoke and Cumberland Counties. He has carried
along together both his real estate and insurance businesses,
both of which are a credit to him as a business man. He has
handled his realty affairs in such a way as to inspire the
confidence of the white people with whom he has come in
contact, so that he has been able to command money for
such transactions as he wished to make.

Prof. Parker tells an interesting story of how he was
first inspired to seek an education. Driving with his father
to Montgomery when a boy, he was very much impressed
with the rather imposing looking white men with whom
his father came in contact. He remembers to this day how
impressive were the wide expanses of their white shirt
fronts. He eagerly inquired of his father how he might
become such a man as they met on the streets of Montgom-



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 613

ery and was told that it was necessary for a man to have
an education before he could make such an appearance. The
boy made up his mind to get the education; and although
the way was long and hard, he succeeded in spite of all
difficulties and is now in position to wear white shirts if
he chooses to do so.

It should be remarked that while at the N. & I. Prof.
Parker's work was of such a character that he was made
supervisor of industrial work among the colored people for
Scotland Co. and his annual report makes interesting read-
ing of what has been accomplished under his administra-
tion.

Prof. Parker has given little attention to politics. He
is a member of the Baptist church, but is not identified with
the secret orders.

On August 13, 1913, he was married to Miss Alice
Freeman of Fayetteville. Before her marriage Mrs. Parker
was a teacher. She was educated at the State Normal,
Fayetteville.



Mansfield Franklin Thornton



The Hon. Mansfield Franklin Thornton of Warrenton is
a remarkable man, now nearly seventy years of age (1920).
He was born at Warrenton on July 20, 1850, so it will be
seen that he was a boy fifteen years of age when the
war closed and has witnessed in his own life the most mar-
velous changes that have occurred since the time of Christ.
These changes have been social, political and economic.

His parents were Alonzo Thornton, a farmer, and his
wife Martha, (Eaton) Thornton. Alonzo was the son of
Kittie Thornton. His maternal grandfather was Matt
Eaton. After the war, young Thornton went to the pub-
lic schools when they were opened for colored patronage.
The general poverty then prevailing prevented his getting a
college education. He must have made good in the public




MANSFIELD FRANKLIN THORNTON



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 615

schools, however, as he was able to take a place in the In-
ternal Revenue Clerk's office at Raleigh, which he held for
four years. After that he returned to Warrenton and
was elected Register of Deeds of Warren Co. a position which
he held for twenty-two years though he had opposition ev-
ery time. As to the high quality of his character and the
esteem in which he is held by the best white people of his
section the following voluntary testimonials will show:
"Raleigh, N. C, December 19, 1873.
"To those whom it may concern:

"The bearer of this letter to you, a young man of color,
named Mansfield F. Thornton, has been in my employment
as janitor since the year 1869, and I have reason to know
him intimately as he has been under my eyes and direction
for so long a time.

"I cheerfully recommend him as being a superior young
man, whose honesty is beyond question, whose politeness
and good temper cannot be excelled, whose intelligence and
neatness of person are marked qualities and whose sobriety
and punctuality in obedience to the direction of his employ-
ers and to the interest of those whom he may be elected to
serve will render him indispensible to any household, which
may have the fortune to secure his presence. He leaves me
therfore with my bst wishes and my hearty recommendation
of his character. I can truthfully say I part from a valued
and trusted young man with much regret. His judgment
in leaving is such that will enable him to use it to advan-
tage to himself and others. I remain sincerely yours,
S. T. CARROW (Late U. S. Marshal, N. C.)

"I fully endorse the within.

J. B. HILL, U. S. D. Marshal."

"I concur in the recommendation."

J. R. O'NEAL, Clerk in Marshal's Office.
H. M. MILLER, U. S. D. Marshal."

The following tribute was handed him by a group of
his fellow townsmen:

"We the undersigned citizens of Warren Co., N. C, take
very great pleasure in certifying to the character of Mr.



616 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

M. F. Thornton, the bearer of this paper. He is a colored
man of more than ordinary intelligence and for years has
been a wise and conservative leader of the colored people.
He filled the office of Register of Deeds of Warren Co. and
made a good officer, universally polite and exceedingly ac-
commodating, he has won the affection of the colored people
and the respect of the white.

"M. J. Hawkins, Chm. Board of Co. Commissioners;
Tasker Polk, Atty. at Law ; J. G. King, M. D. ; R. E. Davis,
Sheriff; R. H. Ford, J. P.; J. A. Dowton, Register of Deeds;
W. B. Boyd, Tobacconist; E. C. Price, Dep. Register of
Deeds; E. S. Allen, of Allen & Fleming; W. T. Johnson,
Merchant ; P. H. Allen, J. P. ; J. W. Allen, J. P. ; J. W. White,
Merchant; J. M. Gardner, Cashier; Rodgers & Burwell, To-
bacconist ; W. D. Rogers, Merchant ; D. F. Crinkley, Mer-
chant ; Rose & Hilliard, Merchants ; H. L. Faulkner, Auc-
tioneer; D. H. Riggin, Merchant; W. B. Fleming, Pro. Roller
Mill; R. B. Boyd, Tobacconist; F. P. Hunter, Druggist; W. K.
Barham, Druggist; W. A. Burwell, Mayor; W. J. Norwood,
Hotel Man; C. E. Jackson, Merchant."

"State of North Carolina, County of Warren,

"April 12, 1901.

"I, Wm. A. White, Clerk of the Superior Court of said
County, hereby certify that I am personally well acquainted
with the persons who signed the above certificate and any
statement made by them is entitled to full faith and credit.
In witness whereof I have set my hand and affixed the
seal of said office in Warrenton, N. C, this the date and
year above written.

"WM. A. WHITE."

When a colored man receives the voluntary recommen-
dations as set forth above no further proof of his desirable
citizenship could be asked.

Mr. Thornton is a deacon in the Baptist Church and
active in its work.

In 1879 he was married to Miss Mary A. Christmas, a
daughter of Seth Christmas. Her mother's name name was
Sallie. Of the eleven children born to them, the following



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 617

are living: Carrie C, Lula N., Cora D., Willie, Salmon P.,
and Estelle B. Thornton.

Mr Thornton has been and is a rather general reader
but gives first place to the Bible. He has supplemented
his early education, and when night schools were available,
as during his stay in Raleigh, he attended them and inter-
ested white friends also who helped him to fill up gaps in
his education which was brought about by ^is lack or
educational advantages in his youth. Although born and
virtually reared in slavery he has developed into a good
and substantial citizen of which his family and his race may
well be proud. He owns an attractive home and other
property at Warrenton.



George L. White

Like so many of the successful men of both races, Dr.
Geo L White now (1920) stationed at Greenville, was
born and reared on the farm. He was born at Jacksonville,
N C July 15 1870. His father, Edward White, was a
farmer. Edward White was the son of John and Marian
(Mantford) White, who lived to a ripe old age. Though tree
born, they became involved by insolvency and were sold
for their debts.

Dr White's father died when the boy was only a child.
He was reared and educated by his mother's former master.
When he came of school age, young White attendee; the
local public schools. After that he passed to the State
Normal School at Fayetteville and from there to Brown
University of Providence, R. I., from which he has the A b.
and D D degrees. He was an active, popular student dur-
ing his school days, and took great interest in college ath-
letics, including both baseball and football.

Dr. White was converted at an early age, and identified



HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

s
£ his s I days of the

as s ' : .

and d asl as f i as Mass, to Tampa.

s ath. Few men in the denomination have a
than Dr. White. H - - Ltment

. Mass.

ed at Fall River. Mass., - sburg, P kshe-

X. C. and Tam] a, F a He as then ] . m ted
- ict and appoint* rk in Miss. 0:: returning to

s me of the best appointments in the
denomination, having served the stations aton, X. C M

1. ss., Wilmington, X. C. Washing:.-. D. C, Bal-
eth City. X. C. Rogersville. Tenn., and
X. C, to which he was 1919. In

tes, Dr. White has been in de-
mand ar - en and his

antry. Few men of his age
to si tions North and

Out of his - rvation which has
"been . and out which has

5 line conclusions which should

that much of the fu-
ture progress of 1

- ■

aal life. He c

atl -

nients

!

s married




wT





; CGM - & rr*



NORTH CAROLINA EDITION 619

Reed of Shippensburg, Pa. She was a daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Reuben Reed. They have one child, Kesler D. R.
White.



Henry Lawrence McCrorey



The growth and development of the church, as well as
the progress and prosperity of the State depend upon the
right sort of leadership. Nowhere are intelligence and ef-
ficiency more important than in the pulpit. The Presby-
terian church has always stood for an educated ministry.
That the principle is sound has been demonstrated by the
work accomplished in the South since Emancipation. As a
rule, wherever one finds a Presbyterian church with a min-
ister on full time, a school will also be found, and acquaint-
ance with these preacher teachers will usually reveal the
fact that they are well balanced men of symmetrical char-
acter. Their standards are high. Investigation will almost
invariably reveal the fact that they are either Biddle or Lin-
coln University men. In the South Biddle men predomi-
nate. It is a fine type of leadership. So one is not sur-
prised when he finds at the head of the institufion and in
its various departments men of simple faith, splendid vision
and fine attainments. At the very head of this superb
group stands Rev. Henry Lawrence McCrorey, A. B., A. M.,
S. T. B., D. D., President of Biddle University of Charlotte.

He is a native of Fairfield Co., S. C, and laid the foun-
dation of his education at the Willard Richardson school in
the historic old town of Winnsboro. Later he entered the
preparatory school of Biddle University and passed from
that to the college department, from which he was gradu-
ated with the A. B. degree in 1892. The following year
he began his Theological course, which was completed in
1895 with the S. T. B. degree. Since that time the A. M.
and D. D. degrees have been conferred on him by the same
institution in recognition of his attainments. He also took



620 HISTORY AMERICAN NEGRO

post-graduate work at the University of Chicago, specializ-
ing in Hebrew under Dr. Harper. This simple narrative of
his schooling from the primary grades to the winning of his
degree conveys no idea of the struggle the young man
made to educate himself. His parents were not in position
to assist him financially, but he did not permit that fact to
defeat or even discourage him. Through all those years
there was in his heart a burning desire to rise in order that
he might help his race to higher standards. That same
spirit led him into the ministry, and has been the chief
motive of his work both as an educator and as a religious
leader. The character of his work as a student may be in-
ferred from the fact that he had not proceeded far at Bid-
die until he was made assistant instructor in the prepara-
tory department and from that day to this he has been
officially connected with the University, rising steadily from
one position to another until he reached the presidency — the
first 'man of his race to fill that distinguished position.
From assistant instructor in the preparatory department, he
passed to the principalship. After that he occupied the
chair of Latin in the collegiate department and relinquished
that to become professor of Hebrew and Greek Exegesis in
the Theological department. That work was, in turn, re-
signed when he was promoted to Dean of the Theological
Seminary and finally that was surrendered for the presi-
dency.

Dr. McCrorey was ordained to the Gospel ministry by
the Fairfield Presbytery, Synod of Atlantic, in April, 1895.
He frequently preaches but the character of his work at
Biddle has been such as to preclude his accepting a regular
pastorate.

It has been his policy to make education stand for some-
thing more than mere intelligence in the life of his people.
He belongs to that group of educators, fortunately growing
larger, which would never divorce the forces which make



Online LibraryArthur Bunyan CaldwellHistory of the American Negro and his institutions; (Volume 4) → online text (page 34 of 48)