Arthur Charles Fox-Davies.

The earliest peerage annual, An exact list of the lords spiritual and temporal, being a facsimile reprint of the first peerage directory for 1734, in which occur many names of historical and political online

. (page 1 of 3)
Online LibraryArthur Charles Fox-DaviesThe earliest peerage annual, An exact list of the lords spiritual and temporal, being a facsimile reprint of the first peerage directory for 1734, in which occur many names of historical and political → online text (page 1 of 3)
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Exact List




The Earliest Peerage Annual

Exact List



Spiritual and Temporal


First Peerage Directory for
1734, in which occur many
Names of Historical and
Political Interest


62, Paternoster Row, E.C.




Strange it is indeed what great
things come from small beginnings.
Though it would be impossible to
trace any trade succession, few
people who in the present century
handle the bulky volumes of Burke'
and ' Debrett ' would imagine that
they are but the development of the
tiny forenmner which is repro-
duced in the accompanying fac-
s'mile of 'An Exact List of the
Lctrds/ This is believed to be the
first annual or regularly periodical
publication. There had been other
books which, in one form and
another, had dealt with the Peer-
age, its titles and its arms 5 Init
writings and pul)lications of this

vi Treface

character, of which the hst in
GuilHm may be instanced, were
more of the character of the
scholarly ' Complete Peerage ' by
' G. E. C. ' which has recently
been completed, than of the nature
of a publication intended for handy

Collins's ' Peerage ' had of course
appeared earlier, in 171 3, with a
second edition in the following
year, and it continued to appear
at uncertain and irregular intervals.
Undoubtedly Collins partook more
of the nature of a Peerage as we
now understand such a book than
the accompanying volume.

Of arms, dates of creation, and
lineage it will be seen that this
earliest Peerage takes no cogni-
zance, and as a matter of fact it is
really not so much a Peerage Book
as a Parliamentary' Directoiy.

Treface vii

It contains an exact list of the
House of Peers in order of prece-
dence, save that the Archbishops
and Bishops are all grouped together
at the end. With these latter cer-
tain biographical details are given,
though these details are confined
to the dates of consecration and
translation. This is followed by
an exact list of the House of Com-
mons, arranged first with the con-
stituencies in alphabetical order,
and secondly with the names in
alphabetical order. Members in
the previous Parliament who were
not in the House in 1734, with the
list of the trustees and commis-
sioners appointed for settling the
Colony of Georgia, complete the
book. In each case the address in
London is given, and the fact that
the seats of Peers in the provinces
are all omitted clearly indicates

viii Treface

that the volume was intended for
the purposes of a Parliamentary
Directory. Of the then dukedoms,
thirty-one in number, the majority
are still in existence. After the
Prince of Wales as Duke of Corn-
wall, a dukedom which has lately
been again brought into much
prominence, the list is headed by
' Butcher ' Cumberland, of evil and
Culloden notoriety. This duke-
dom of Cumberland is an earlier
creation than that borne in more
recent times by the Kings of
Hanover. Then come Norfolk,
Somerset, Cleveland, Richmond,
Grafton, Beaufort, and St. Albans,
all owing their ducal titles to royal
descent or relationship. Of these,
Cleveland is now extinct, the death
of the last Duchess of a subsequent
creation a few months ago remov-
ing the name finally from the Peer-

Treface ix

age books. A division is made in
each rank of the Peerage for those
created 'since the Revolution,' and
of the Dukes who are so described
the titles of Bolton, Buckingham-
shire, Montague, Dover, Kent,
Ancaster, Kingston, Greenwich,
Chandos, Dorset, and Bridgwater
are all extinct. One scarcely real-
izes, until the figures are put side
by side, how short is the average
life of a title and how constantly
the Peerage is changing. Thirteen
out of thirty-one is a large propor-
tion, particularly when it is realized
also that with the extinction of the
dukedoms of Cleveland, Bucking-
hamshire, Kent, and Chandos the
families themselves in the male
line, no less than the Peerages, have
become extinct.

It is interesting to notice that in
the names and titles the little shib-

X Treface

boleth affectations of spelling which
are accepted at the present clay
were missing two hundred years
ago. The Seymours were then
content to so spell their name, the
saintly 'St. Maur' being of more
modern adoption. The FitzRoys
were then content without the
capital * R Mn the middle of their
name, as to which they are now so
particular. Lennox was shorn of
the middle ' n,' and Beauclerk was
then Beauclair. Montagu was then
Mountague, and the Pierrepont
family were then content with
Pierpoint. The Duke of Portland
spelt his name Bentink, and Lord
Denbigh's ancestor placed the ' i '
before the ' e.' This would rather
seem to discount the celebrated
anecdote which is fathered upon
the novelist of his lordship's family

Treface xi

Some oF the London addresses
sound strange to us at the present
time, although, on the other hand,
many neigh b,ourhoods (for example,
St. James's Place, St. James's Square,
and Arlington Street) were then
fashionable quarters. It is curious
to think of the Duke of Cleveland
living in Soho Square, but the resi-
dence of the Duke of Montague
in the * Cockpit ' was rather more
aristocratic than it soimds. The
Earl of Abingdon lived in Dirty
Lane, wherever that neighbourhood
may have been, and the residence
of Earl Rivers * at Liege ' needs
no further explanation. Lord
Macclesfield lived in Thrift
Street, Soho ; but Lord Arundel
has only 'Petty France' given as
his address. The Earl of Orrery
was * aliroad,' and the Earl of
Kinnovd ' in Turkey.'

xii Treface

In looking over the list of the
House of Commons, one is struck
by the recurrence of names which
are still known to us in connection
with the House ,• but probably the
greatest interest will be found in
the markings which are explained
in a note preceding the list of the
House of Commons. From this
we learn which of the members
voted for and against the Excise
Bill and the Septennial Act.
These afford us a good insight
into the political views of the
members, inasmuch as both were
pronouncedly 'party measures,' the
Whigs favouring each measure.
The Septennial Act passed in
1 716, which extended the duration
of Parliaments from three years to
seven, was of course due to the
disturbed state of the countiy after
the rebellion of 171 5. The Excise

Treface xiii

Act ot 1733 was one of the most
noteworthy measures of Walpole's
tenure of the office of Prime
Minister. Originally intended to
prevent smuggling by collecting
certain taxes within the country as
' Excise/ instead of at the entrance
of the commodities into the country
as * Customs/ the Act was really
a startling bid towards that Free
Trade policy which everyone has
been brought up to believe in as
the foundation of England's pros-
perity. Sir Robert Walpole, in
advocating the Bill, said 'London
would become a free port, and,
in consequence, the market of
the world/ This Excise Bill
aroused the greatest opposition,
not only from the Tory party,
but also from the country-
generally, and consequently Wal-
pole, though he had a Whig

xiv Treface

majority in Parliament, with-
drew it.

The opinions of the members of
the House of Lords are given us
concerning the inquiry into the
affairs of the South Sea Company,
and Peers are also marked as ' Pro-
testers against the Hessians ' at
various dates.

In 1734 there appear to have
been 31 Dukes, 2 Marquesses, 84
Earls, 16 Viscounts, and 65 Barons,
and 26 Archbishops and Bishops —
in all 224, exclusive of the Irish
Peerage, none of the members of
which figure in the tiny volume.
The following figures at the be-
ginning of the present year may be
useful for comparison : Archbishops,
2 ; Dukes, 22 ; Marquesses, 22 5
Earls, 121 5 Viscounts, 30 5 Bishops,
24 5 Barons, 319. Scottish Peers (of
whom sixteen are representative.

"Preface xv

tliough many sit iiiuler Peerages of
Great Britain or the United King-
dom) : Dukes, 8 } Marquesses, 4 j
Earls, 44. ; Viscounts, 5 j Barons, 25.
Peeresses and Irish Peers are not
included in either calculation.

This little facsimile of the first
annual Peerage published in Eng-
land will, it is believed, prove of
interest to genealogists as furnish-
ing a faithful presentation of the
form in which our forefathers
referred to the ' Burke ' and
' Debrett ' of their day. It will
be valuable also as recording the
lists of Lords Temporal and
Spiritual living in the year 1734,
and as showing the principles
and classification and grouping of
politicians at tiiat period. The
facsimile is produced by a photo-
graphic process from the only copy
extant, which is in the British

xvi Treface

Museum, and was found bound up
in a volume containing Goldsmith's
Almanac for 1735.


Jufiuary, 1902.


Exad Lift



Spiritual and Temporal.

^V I T H A N

Alphabetical LIST

I. Of the Counties, Cities.
and PuDROUGHs, with their Rc-
prcfcntative?, P. 20.

II. Or the Knights, Citizen's
and BuRGESiEs of the prelcnc
Parliament, with their
Places of Abode, O'C. P. 37.

And ocher Proper. Vistisctdss.*

PrlnreJ and SoU by T.V/a tsov, in

l^iirdr-.ic-Ciurt, CreJt Carter Lane,
Frjn.Jffferies 'mLuJ^ate-ftreet^ and
J.'Bicthertcrt ^niH.Whitteridge, in
C'.rnbul; and by the other Bookfel-
Xui of UrMn ini, h'cjlmirjicr, J734.


of the Houfe ^/Peeils.

0^ Ttc/f riark'd tbui | xvere fcr tSt
£ M Q^u I R Y the jfffjfrs cf the
South-6«a Ccmpavyi thus ^ aran.p
it i t fntcficn againji the Ht&im ■,
It Trotejiers again/} ttx He{SaD» in
jy 30. iina *g^rj^ rejeiJis^ tbt Enqui-
ry in 1733. • Praejiers in I75V4-
() unirr jljre i (, Scotch P/rn ; * dtn't
ft: in tb$ Hcuje.

DU K£l 3[I.

Pr. of WaUs, D. of Corsnra//
Ha R. Highncfs, WILLIAM () Uuke

of CumbtTlAni
Edwaxd Howard •

St.'t Square.
Charlc* Seymour {

William Fitxroy


Charle* Lenos

Charles Ficz.roy 5

St. Jamei's- place.
Henry Somerlc: f

St. Jamci't Square.
Cbarlet Beaudair |

St. Jamti'i'ph.c.







S in the room of 1

Hart lib cajlle, j

tit. Jchn Wftiny Lord Bifiiop of 'Bath
and Wellit tranflated in 1727, in the
room of Dr. H:cper deceafed. Pror
moted firft to the See of Sz, AJuph I

. in 171/, in the room of "Dr. Fleet- ^
wood tranflated. Dean'tyard Weftau

"Dr. John Pottery Lord Bifhop of Ox-
ford. Promoted in 17 ij, in the room
of Dr. Talbct tranflated. Old Pal. yd.

Dr. Ttomai Sbsrlack, Lord Eifhop of
Salisbury; tranfla:ed in 1734-' in the j
room of^Dr.H:ji/p' tranQated. Pro- I
moted to the ^e ox Han? or in 1718, '
Ml the rooin of Dr. 2^«:u«afUtri.

pr. Thomas Grein, Lord Blfhop of £/y,
tranflated in 171^, in the room of
Dr. Fleefwocd deceafed. Promotfd
firfi to the See oi Norivicb in 1711, j
in the room of Dr. Tn'mnel tranflated. j
H'Jbc-jrn. j
Dr. Richard Reynclds, Lord Fifliop of j
Lincoln -^ tranflited in 1723^ in ths '

' 3« Jin ZxAcr Lnt

room c£ Dr. Gihfon trandated. fn*

noted firil to the See of "Bangor ta

1711, in the room of Dr. Hoadlef

J tranflated. Parkjireet Wtfim^

Dr. 7e/i'/>i Wilcox^ Lord Bifiiop of Ra-

chefier i tranflatcd in 1731. in cfae

room of TiT.'Br-adfori deceafed. Pro-

I moted firft to the See of Ghuetjier

in 17x1, iQ the r«)m of Or. Willi*

tranflateti. Abbeydo^Jitrt

Dr. Robert 'Butts, Lord Biflwp of Nor»

; ^icb. Promoted ini^jt, in the room

of Dr. B^i^rdeceafed. Palaccyard.

X>t. Lor4 Bifhop of

1 Carlifle. Promoted is 1754, in the

room oi Dr. tVaugb deceafed.

Ur. Henry Egerton, Lord Bifilop of Bert'

ford. Promoted in 1714, in the room

of Dr. HW/^j* tranfl. Se.JamsUPi,

: Xir. Richard Smallbroke, Lord Bilhop

•f Litchjitld and Cwentry \ tranCkfsi

ini73o, in the room of Dr. Chandler

tranflated. Promotai firft to the See

T. Char lei Cecily Lord Biihop of 3r/-

i Jiol, Promoted in i75i» in the room

of Dr. 'Zrad{ha"M deceafed.

Warwickftreet Gddenf^u'.

Dr. StepbenWepTiy Lord BiftiOp of Exe-

j ter. Promoted in 1714, in the room

' of Dr. 'Blackburn tranfl. K^nfiagton.

. Vr^ Robert Chvtring^ Lord Bifiiop of

i^et er borough i tranflated IB 1719* »n
I the

i '., . — ■ : -^^.-^.:.-

•/ tbt Tioufe «/ P E E R I. \^
tfce room of Dr. K^nnet decctfed Pro-
footed firft to the See of Laniaff \^
i7Xf, in the room of Dr. lyjtr de»

Dr. Samuel ?eploe, Lord hxth.of Chefief^
Promoted in 171$, in the room of
Dr. Gaflrel deceafed. Dartmoutbftr.

Dr. Francii Hare, Lord Bifhop of CSi'
cbefler; tranflared in 17x1 1 in the
room of Dr. Waddington deceafedi
Promoted fir ft to the See of Sr. Afapb
in 17x7. to the room of Dr. Wynn
Tranflated. Dear.ernear St. Paurt,

Dr. Lord Bifliop of

"Bangor. Promoted so 1734, in the
room of Dr. Sherlock rranflated.

Di» Jcbn Harrist Lord Bi&op of Lan^
daff. Promoted in ijx^, in the
foom of Dr. Claverirg tranflated.


Dr. Lord Bishop

of GUuctJitr. Promoted in 1754#
in the room of Dr. 5yia/ deceafeA

Dr. Tktmai Tanner, Lord Biftiop of
St.v1fafh, Promoted in »73»» in
Ae room ot Dr. Hart tranflated.

New PalaceydriJ

Df HtcMas Clagget, Lord Bifliop of
St. Da-vid'u ProBOfed in i7?t> in !
the room of Dr. Sydal tranflated.

Ficcadilly, \

Lordi Spiritual and Temporal 114 j
Ai the DaUi of Kinj CbarUi 17%




Houfi tf/ C O M M O KS. •

if^ Thofe in tbii Chara^er an Nfib
Mrmhers ; tnark'd thui f V:iters againfi
the Excise 3i!l ; tbut 'for it i
• -voted aftefwardi againfi it j tbUi f *
4gairji tbe^\c\ie a« J Septennial ^|5?;
thus : voted for both i ^for, c a^ainji
the Repeal of the Septennial A0i

y tbui •^cbcjen for tivo Places.

^Ahingdon 'Bcr. T TUcki Robert:
^gmondejham XX Mar-fhjl Henry i

"Bucks LulwycheThoroa* t

iSt. oilhan'i ^ Aiion Sir Thomas \ -m I

Jtfoby Thomas
Aldborougb Suf.p^xxwi% C^pr. George >

Conclly Waiiatn
Aldborougb To, Pelham tlon. Henry • -♦

JefTop William "
i^ortballetton. Peirfe Henry ;

Torkfj. Smeic Leonard:

jindoiJer Hanfs Guidott Will, "t

Tdien John
Anglefea "Bayley Nicbolat

Apulby mjlm. Plumer Walter f

Rainfden John :
Arundel Sujf. Lumlef John •

Shelley Sir fohn*
Ajhburton IL'i^.Tuckfield Roger

Yon^^e Sir William : —
t/yleibury "Buc, Towers Chrifti)pber t
Champion Georgi

'/' f^e Voufe of CoMMoNl. ti

1 3

Online LibraryArthur Charles Fox-DaviesThe earliest peerage annual, An exact list of the lords spiritual and temporal, being a facsimile reprint of the first peerage directory for 1734, in which occur many names of historical and political → online text (page 1 of 3)