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Collins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical online

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rately observed their approaches, and seized on the proper mo-
ment, with the keenest perspection in which to make his attack
with success. He never spent his ammunition in useless parade,
or in unimportant attacks. He never relaxed from his discipline
by the appearance of security, nor hazarded the lives of his gar-
rison by wild experiments. By a cool and temperate demeanor,
he maintained his station for three years of constant investment,
in which all the powers of Spain were employed. All the eves of
Europe were on his garrison, and his conduct justly raised him to
a most elevated place in the military annals of the present

On his return to England, the gratitude of the British senate
was as forward as the public voice in giving him that distinguished
mark his merit deserved, to which his Majesty was pleased to add
that of Knight of the Bath ; and an elevation to the peerage by
the title of Lord Heathfield, Baron Gibraltar, on June 14th,
1/87, and permitting his Lordship to take also the arms of the
fortress he had so bravely defended, to perpetuate to futurity his
noble conduct.

He closed a life of m'litary renown at the most critical season
for his memory. He died in the seventy-third year of his age, on
the fith of July 1/90, at his Chateau at Aix la Chapelle, of a
second stroke of the palsy, after having enjoyed for some weeks
past a tolerably good share of health, and an unusual flow of



spirits. Two days before his death, he dined with his friend Mr,
Barclay ; and was in a few days to have set out with that Gentle-
man for Leghorn, on his way to Gibraltar. His remains were
brought to Dover from Ostend in the Race-horse packer, whence
they were conveyed to Heathfield in Sussex, and there deposited
in a vault built for that purpose, over which a handsome monu-
ment is erected. ^

His Lordship married at St. Sepulchre's, London, on June
8th, 17-iS, Anne Pollexfen Drake, daugnter of Sir Francis Drake,
of Buckland, com. Devon, Bart. ; and by her, who died Fe-
bruary 13Lh, 1772, and was buried in South Audley chapel, had

First, Francis Augustus Eliott, present Peer.

Second and Third, Gilbert and another child died infants, and
were buried at Ealing.

Fourth, Anne, born at Ealing in 1 754, married at St. George's
Hanover-square, on I\Iay 21st, 1777, to John Trayton Fuller, of
Brightling com. Sussex, Esq. who has issue hy her.

Francis Augustus Eliott, p^-wen^ and second Lord Heath-
field, was born at Ealing, Middlesex, December 31st, 1750.
Entering into the army, he was formerly lieutenant-colonel of the
sixth, or Inniskilling dragoons, and advanced to the rank of
major-general October 4th, 1794.

On March 15th, 1795, his Lordship was appointed to the
command of the twenty-ninth dragoons ; and in March 179/, to
that of the twentieth dragoons ; from whence (on the death of
Lord Dorchester in November, 1808), he obtained the fourth dra-
goons, which he now commands.

On June 10th, 1799^ ^^'S Lordship was appointed a lieutenant
general ; and on April 25th, 1808, a general.

Title. Francis Augustus Eliott, Lord Heathfield, Baron of

Creation. Lord Heathfield, Baron of Gibraltar, July 6th,

Arms. G. on a bend argent, a baton azure : and on a chief
azure, the fortress of Gibraltar, under it, plus ultra, as an

• Biog- Diet. vol. V. p.307"-3ii.


Crest. A dexter arm, holding a cutlas proper, the arm charged
with a key.

Supporters. On the dexter side a ram, on the sinister a goat,
each wreathed with flowers round the neck.


Chief Seats. Heathfield Park, Sussex 3 and Buckland, com.




TtOGER Kenyon left issue by Alice Rigby

Thomas Kenyon, who married Catherine, eldest daughter
and coheir of Luke Lloyd, of Bryn in Flintshire, Esq. and dyin^-
1731, left issue two sons and two daughters, viz.

First, Lloyd.

Second, Thomas, who died under age.

Third, Catherine, married William Middleton, Esq. and
died s. p.

Fourth, Dorothy, married William Percival, of Rayton in

Lloyd Kenyon, eldest son, born at Bryn in the parish of Han-
mer in Flintshire, March 17th, I695-6, married at Hanmer in
November 1730, Jane, eldest daughter of Robert Eddowes, of
Eagle-Hall, com. Chester (by Anne his wife), which Jane was
born October l/th, 1703, and died August 25th, 1 771, and was
buried at Hanmer the 28th of the same month. He died m De-
cember 1773, and was buried at Hanmer, January 2d, 1774,
having had issue by her.

First, Thomas, born September 14th, 1731, buried in the col-
legiate church at Manchester, May 24th, 175O.

Second, Lloyd, ^r^f Lord Kenyon, of ivhom presently.

Third, Richard, born March 1733, died at Whitchurch, com.
Salop, October 29th, 1751, and was buried at Hanmer.

Fourth, Roger Kenyon, ofCefenin the county of Denbigh,
Esq. born April 173.5, married Mary, only daughter of Edward
Lloyd, of Penyllan com. Denbigh, Esq. by Mary, second daughter
of Edward Lloyd, of Plasmadoc in the said county, Esq. She
died February 4th, 178I, and was buried at Hanmer. By her he


had issue, first, Edward Lloyd Kenyon j second, George j third,
Thomas ; fourth, Jane, wife of Henry Ellis, of Boates, Esq. ;
fifth, Anne Maria.

The following character of the late Lord Chief Justice Kenyon
appeared in a newspaper at the time of his death.

" In the full conviction, that the following biographical and
characteristic notices, (which are chiefly drawn from an original
source, and not from transient or obscure publications) of this
truly excellent magistrate and man, will prove acceptable, we pre-
sent them to our readers.

Lloyd, first Lord Kenyon, was born atGredington^ in Flint-
shire, Oct. 5,1732; he was the eldest survi v ing son of Lloyd Kenyon,
Esq. originally of Brynn, in the same county, and one of the
younger branches of the ancient family of Kenyon, of Peek in Lan-
cashire. His Lordship received the elementary part of his education
at Ruthin in Denbighshire, whence he was taken, at an early age,
and articled to Mr. W. J. Tomkinson, an eminent attorney at
Nantwich in Cheshire. On the expiration of his articles, Mr.
Kenyon determined to enter into a line which afforded a more
ample scope to his industry and talents, and, accordingly, he be-
carne a member of the society of Lincoln's-Inn, in Trinity Term
1754, and after a sedulous application to the requisite studies, waj
called to the bar in Hilary Term, 1/61.

In the early part of his professional career, the advancement
of Mr. Kenyon was but slow : he was unassisted by those means
which powerful connection and interest afford : added to this, the
branch of his profession to which he chiefly applied himself,
namely, that of conveyancing, was not calculated to bring him
forward into public notice : but the sterling merit of genuine abi-
lities, and persevfring industry, were not to be overlooked. Mr.
Kenyon rose gradually into practice; few opinions at the bar, at
the time, carried more weight and authority, and he was frequently
recurred to as an advocate. In 1773, an interesting epoch in Mr.
Kenyon's private life took place; he formed a matrimonial cor^-
nection with his relative, Mary, the third daughter of George
Kenyon, of Peel in Lancashire, the family before alluded to ; and
not long after, he contracted an intimacy with Mr. afterwards
Lord Thurlow, and Chancellor. About this period too, and for
some years after, his practice in the Court of Chancery was very
extensive, and of the most lucrative kind, by which, as well as ia
the other lines of his profession, he acquired a very considerably

a In the parish of Hanmer.


■jjroperty. In 1/80 a circumstance occurred, which not a little
contributed to establish his reputation as an advocate and a public
speaker, namely, his being employed as leading counsel for the
defence of the late Lord George Gordon, on a charge of high
treason ; on this interesting occasion, Mr. Kenyon's second was
Mr. Erskine, who on that day distinguished himself in such a
manner, as in a great degree laid the foundation of his future
fame. In April 1782, soon after the accession of the Rockingham
party to ministerial pov/er, Mr. Kenyon, was, without serving the
intermediate office of Solicitor, appointed to the important situatioa
oi Attorney-General, and at the same time, chief justice of Chester j
in the former office he succeeded the late James Wallace, Esq.
father of the Right Hon. Thomas Wallace. The circumstance
of Mr. Kenyon's direct promotion to the office of attorney-general,
was regarded as a singular instance 3 this however is erroneous,
similar promotions have before occurred, and the case of Sir Ed-
ward Law, a late attorney-general, is a recent instance.

In parliament Mr. Kenyon took a decided part in politics,
warmly attaching himself to the party of the late minister, Mr.
Pitt, and he distinguished himself not a little by his speeches on
she noted affair of the coalition, Mr. Fox's India Bill, Sec. In
March 1/8-1, he was appointed Master of the Roll", an office of
high judicial dignity, and generally leading to still higher legal
honours : however, its emoluments fell very short of those which
Mr. Kenyon necessarily relinquished by discontinuing his profes-
sional pursuits as a counsel : about this time he was created a

In this situation, Sir Lloyd Kenyon continued until the latter
end of May 17S8, when on the.resignation of the venerable Earl of
Mansfield, who, for the long period of thirty-two years, had held
the honouable and very important office of Chief Justice of the
CoLRT OF King's Bench, he was appointed to succeed him, and at
the same time, was elevated to the peerage, by the title of Lord
Kenyon, Baron of Greeting ton, in the county of Flint.

He was now fixed in a situation, which though not nominally
the highest, is perhaps the most important office in the adminis-
tration of tne law of this country j and Lord Kenyon furnished an
instance nearly as striking as that of the illustrious Hardwicke,
that the profession of the law is that which, of all others, affords
the fairest opportunities for the exertion of genuine talent, and
persevering industry; whether the object be the gratification of

VOL. VJIl. n


ambition in the attainment of the highest honours in the state,
or the possession of abundant wealth.

Of the character of Lord Kenyon in his magisterial and judi-
cial capacity, convinced it is too well established in the hearts and
minds of his fellow subjects, we presume not to speak. His con-
duct in those arduous and important situations which he so lately
filled, speaks its best and fairest eulogiuraj it has attracted and
fixed the applauses and gratitude of his countrymen ; his character
and his fame will descend with increasing lustre to an admiring
and a grateful posterity.

A few prominent considerations in the course of Lord Kenyon's
forensic administration we cannot, however, in justice to him, or
consistently with our own feelings, refrain from adverting to. "We
allude, first, to his laudable, firm, and persevering exertions to
keep the channels of the law clear and unpolluted by low and
sordid practices, and which vyere particularly exemplified in the
vigilant and salutary exercise of his authority over the attornies of
his own court, thg utility of which has been experienced in a very
considerable degree. Secondly, his unprecedented zeal in the
cause of morality and virtue, which most conspicuously ap-
peared in his conduct with respect to cases of adultery and se-
duction : on these occasions, neither rank, wealthy nor station,
could shield delinquency from the well-merited censure, and re-
buke, of offended justice and morality: though much unhappily
remains to be done, yet his Lordship's exertions, combined with
those of some of the most virtuous and exalted characters of the
upper house of parliament, have contributed greatly, notwith-
standing the acknowledged inadequacy and imperfection of the
law in these respects, to restrain the fashionable and prevailing
vices alhaded to.

A thud consideration, and which highly redounds to the ho-
nour of his Lordship's magisterial character, is the strictness, not
to say severity, with which he administered the justice of the law
against the pernicious tribe of gamblers of every description, who
have for some years infested the metropolis. On these occasions,
as well as in those above mentioned, thii conduct of this truly vir-
tuous judge, was such as incontrovertibly shewed that the law is
no respecter of persons } and his persevering exertions to restrain
the destructive vice of gaming, have been attended with no in-
considerable degree of success. Nor should we omit to mention
the very laudable spirit and firmness, which on all occasions he
evinced in maintaining due order and decorum in his court.


We cannot conclude this part of our subject, without giving,
8s supplementary to it, the following concise and comprehensive,
but highly appropriate character of the late chief justice ; it is
extracted from a much esteemed tract, which appeared not long
after his elevation to the Bench, and, in almost every particular,
perfectly coincides with our ideas on the subject :

" Lord Kenyon may not equal, in talents or eloquence, the
pre-eminent character whom he succeeds on the bench of justice j
nevertheless, he possesses qualities more appropriate to, and know-
ledge more connected wiih, the important office which he holds.
Profound in legal erudition, patient injudicial discrimination, and
of the most determined integrity, he is formed to add no common
lustre to his exalted station. He does not sacrifice his official to
his parliamentary character : the sphere of his particular duty is
the great scene of his activity, as of his honour ; and though, as a
lord of parliament he will never lessen his character, it is as a
judge that he looks to aggrandize it. Such men will be revered
for their virtues and their wisdom, when the por^y declaimers and
ihe frothy pleaders of the day have long been forgotten."

In private life, the character of Lord Kenyon was amiable and
praise- worthy, in the highest degree ; no man could possibly excel
hira in the relations of husband and father ; indeed, in the former,
he may be considered as a pattern of coniugal virtue. In his
mode of living, he was remarkably temperate and regular; but
the gratuitous assistance, in his professional capacity, which it was
well known he had often afforded to necessitous and injured indi-
viduals, does away the imputation, that a fondness for money was
rather a prevailing trait in his character."

Lord Kenyon had issue by his Lady, three sons, namely.

First, Lloyd, born May 22d, 1/75, whom his father appointed
to the office of Philazer of the Court of King's Bench: he stood
not long before his death an electioneering contest for the county
of Flint. This gentleman died September 15th, 1800, and the
manner in which his Lordship was affected by this melancholy
event, is supposed, in .some degree, to have accelerated his own

Secondly, George, the present Lord Kenyon. His Lordship
was appointed by his late father to the very lucrative situation of
joint chief clerk of the Court of King's Bench, on the demise of
the late Earl of Mansfield, belter known as Lord Viscount Stcr-
mont ; and joined in the patent with John Way, Esq.

Third, Thomas, born in the parish of St. Giles in the Field,


September 27th, 1/80, married, April 12th, 1803, Charlotte, sister
of William Lloyd, of Aston, Esq. and has a son born June l6th,

George, second but eldest surviving son, second and present
Lord Kenyon, was born in the parish of St. Giles in the Fields,
June 22d, 1776, ^

His Lordship married, February 1st, 1803, Margaret Emma,
daughter of Sir Thomas Hanmer, of Hanmer in Flintshire, Bart,
by whom lie has issue.

First, Margaret Emma, born November 5th, 1803.

Second, Lloyd, born April 1st, 1805.

Third, George, born February 24th, I8O6.

Fourth, Marianne, born May 29th, IS07.

Fifth, A daughter, born September 2d, 1S08.

Title. George Kenyon, Lord Kenyon, of Gredington in

Creation. Lord Kenyon, Baron of Gredington, June gthj

Arms. Sable, a chevron engrailed or, between three crosses
fieure argent, a crescent for difference.

Crest. A lion seiant, holding between his paws a cross fieure.

Supporters. See the plate.


Chief Seat. Gredington, Flintshire.

a His Lordship is author of, " Observations on the Roman Catholic Ques..
t'lon," London, i8io,8vo. ; highly commendeu by The Britiih Critic for August,
.i8:o, p. 171.




Richard, the late Earl Howe, was advanced to the dignity of
a peer of Great Britain, by letters patent, dated April 20th, 1/82,
by the name, style, and title of Viscount Howe, of Langar hi
the county of Nottingham, to him and the heirs male of his body
lawfully begotten; and was farther advanced, on August 18th,
1/88, to the dignity of Earl Howe, with remainder to the heirs
male of his body; also to the title of Baron Howe, of Langar in
Nott'mghamshire, with remainder, in default of issue male of his
own body, to his daughters, in succession, and the issue male of
their bodies.

Henry Howe, living in the reign of King Henry VHI. had
issue; first, John Howe, son and heir; second, Thomas Howe;
third, a daughter, wife of John Walsh.

John Howe, eldest son, of the parish of St. Helen's, Lon-
don, made his will on January 24th, 15/3-4; and the preamble
shews he had a good judgment, and virtuous mind. He leaves
charities to the poor of St. Helen's parish, London, wherein he
dwelt ; and to twenty poor people, present at his burial, each of
them a gown, to be chose by bis executor ; and also to such poor
as shall resort to his burial, 4d. each, as far as 4/. would extend.
To the poor children of Christ's hospital, 40^. and the two
Compters, and the prison of Newgate, Ludgate, King's Bench,
and Marshalsea, to every of them 205.

He bequeaths to his son, John Howe, his best chain of gold,
weighing sixteen ounces; to his brother, Thomas Howe, 20/.
and to Humphrey, his son, 10/. He bequeaths to his son, Jolii^
Howe, and to his daughters, Susan and Judith, and to his daughter


Hilliard, and her husband ; to his cousin Mr. Alderman Bond,
and his wife j to his brother Sharington, and his wife ; to John
Lowen, and his wife ; and to his cousin George Bond, and his
wife ; and to every of them, a black gown of cloth, of 17 or \8s.
a yard. To his cousin William Bowreman, of Wells, he bequeaths
a black gown of like value, if he fortune to be in London at his
burial ; or, if he be absent, a ring of gold with a death's head,
price 405. desiring him to receive his yearly rents from Hunspell,
and transmit to London, as heretofore he hath friendly done. He
bequeaths mourning to every of his servants, dwelling with him
at his decease J and ordains, that his executor reward every of
them somewhat besides, according to his discretion, and theii
diligent service. Moreover, he charges his executor, that all his
debts, in right or conscience, be truly paid and satisfied.

He further bequeaths to the poor of the parish of Usadme,
where he was born, 61. I3s. Ad. within six months after his de-
cease, by the discretion of the vicar and church-wardens there,
for the time being, and of his brother Thomas, and brother-in-
law John Walshe.

To his son-in-law, William Hilliard, Gent, and Anne his
daughter, his wife, each of them a ring of gold with a death's
head, price 50^.

The residue of all his goods, &c. not bequeathed, he divides
among his children, John Howe, Susan, and Judith.

He ordains John Howe, his son, sole executor; and over-
seers, IMr. Alderman Bond, and his cousin William Walshe, and
leaves to each of them a ring of gold with a death's head therein,
of the value of 3l. each, with these words. Memento mori; desir-
ing" them to be aiding and assisting to his executor, more for old
love and acquaintance, than for reward.

Sealed and delivered as aforesaid, and the seal annexed : a
fess ingraUed, letween three wolves heads, as now borne by his

As to the disposition of all and singular his lands, &c. in the
counties of Soynerset, Devon, Essex, and city of London, and in
the suburbs of the same, or elsewhere within the realm of Eng-
land, he disposes of them as follows. He settles on his son and
heir apparent, John Howe, his heirs and assigns, for ever, all that
his messuage, called the Hose in Sraithfield, and all other his mes-
suages in the parishes of St. Sepulchre, London, St. Giles without
Cripplegate, St. Thomas the Apostle, and St. Stephen, in Cole-
man-street, London : [p his daughter Susan, and the heirs of her


body, his two messuages, with the appurtenances, situate in St.
Helen's-close, in the parish of St. Helen, within Bishopsgate ; in
default, to his right heirs for ever: to Judith, his daughter, and
the heirs of her body, his messuage in the said close of St. Helen,
late in the tenure of Edward Marty n, Esq. deceased ; remainder
to his right heirs, as aforesaid : to Anne Hilliard, his daughter,
now the wife of William Hilliard, Gent, his messuage, garden,
and appurtenances, in the tenure of John Butler, Gent, in the said
close of St. Helen ; the remainder as aforesaid.

To his son and heir, John Howe, he bequeaths all that his
manor and lordship of Hunspel de la Heies, with the rights, mem-
bers, and appurtenances, i?i the counly of Somerset ; and all those
messuages, lands, &c. in South Wokingdon in Essex; and also
those messuages, and tenements, in the parish St. John Zachary,
in Foster-lane, London, to him and the heirs of his body j in de-
fault, to his said three daughters, Anne, Susan, and Judith, and
the heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten ; in default, to his ne-
phew, William Walshe, and the heirs male of his body 3 in de-
fault, to his brother, John Walshe, and the heirs male of his body
lawfully begotten ; the remainder to his right heirs. Also to his
said son, John Howe, he bequeaths all his lands and tenements in
Kyttesford, in com. Somerset, and in Washfelde, in Devon ; and,
in default of issue, to his brother, Thomas Howe, and the heirs
of his body; in default, to his right heiis. In witness whereof,
he sets his hand and seal, on May 14th, 1574.

He died on* the 27th of that month, leaving issue John
Howe, his son and heir, 18 years of age at the time of his death,
as appears by inquisition taken at Taunton, on May 5th, 1576.

Which John Howe took to wife Jane, daughter of Nicholas
Gruhham, of Bishafs LkUard in com. Somerset, ^ grandson and
heir of Robert Grubham, of the same place. And the said Jane,
by the death of her brother. Sir Richard Grubham, of JVishford
in com. TJ^ilts, Knight, who married Margaret, daughter of Wil-
liam Whitmore, alderman of London, and died without issue, in
1629, brought a very large fortune to her husband and children.
Also George Grubham, brother to the said Sir Richard, dying
without issue in l5gQ, left legacies by his will, bearing date*^ on
April 30th, 1596, to his sister Howe, the wife of John Howe, as

a Cole's Escaet. in Bibl. Harley. prced.

b Visde com- Wilts, Dors, et Somers. c. 22, p. 14, in OfRc. Arm.

c Ex Registr. Drake, quir? 76.


also to every of her children ; and the residue of his estate to his
brother^ Richard Grubham, and appoints him sole executor.

The said John Howe, Esq. by Jane his before-mentioned, had
issue '^ three sons j first, John j second, George; and, third,
Laurence; also one daughter, Elizabeth, married to John Sainton,

Sir George Howe, the second son, was seated at Cold Berwick^
otherwise Berwick St. Leonard's in Wilts; and supplying King
Charles L with large sums of money during his troubles, was
knighted, and served in parliament for the borough ofHindon.
He married Dorothy, daughter of Humphrey Clarke, otherwise
Woodechurch, of Woodechurch in Kent, Esq. by whom he left
two sons and one daughter, viz. first. Sir George ; second, John,
of Some?- ton in Somersetshire, who married the daughter of . ...
Strode, Esq. ; and Margaret, wife to John Still, of Shaftsbury,
Esq. Sir George Gruhhaiti Howe, the elder son, born in ltf27,
served in several parliaments for Hindon; was created a Baronet

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