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June 20th, 166O; married, in 1050, Elizabeth, younger daughter
of Sir Harbottle Grimston, of Bradfield-Hall in Essex, Bart, and
dying September 26th, 16/6, had many children, who all died
young, except one son. Sir James, and four daughters ; Dorothy,
married to Henry Lee, of Dungeon near Canterbury, Esq. ; Anne,
to John Lisle, of Moyle's-Court in Hampshire, Esq.; Elizabeth,
to Robert Hovenden, of Frisley in Kent, Gent. ; and Mary, to
Sir George Rooke, vice-admiral of England, who died January
26th, 17O8. S\v James Howe, the o?ily son, member of parlia-
ment for Hindon, married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward
Nutt, of Nackington in Kent, Esq. and she dying September 8th,
1691, he took to his second wife Elizabeth, daughter and coheir

to Stratford, of Hailing in Gloucestershire, Esq. who also

dying in 1702 without issue, the title became extinct by his death
on January 19th, 1735, set. sixty-six.

Sir John Howe, eldest son of John by Jane, sister of Sir
Richard Grubham, by gift of his said uncle, had the manor
of Compton in Gloucestershire, with Wishford and other estates
in Wiltshire. He was high sheriff of the county of Gloucester in
1650, and created a Baronet on September 22d, 166O. He mar-
ried Bridget, daughter to Thomas Rich, of North Cerney, in the
county of Gloucester, Esq. Master in Chancery : she lies buried
under a handsome marble monument in the church of Withino-

<i Vis, de com. Wilts, &c prsd.



BARONESS HOWE. 137

ton in Gloucestershire, with the following inscription in small
c;ipitals.

" Bridffett, one of the davg-hters of Thomas Rich of North
Cerney in this Covnty of Glove. Esq. one of the Masters of the
highe Covrte of Chavncery, and Anne his wife, one of the
davgliters and Coheires of Thomas Bovrchier of Barnesly in the
said Covnty, Esq. the 23th of Jvly l620, was married to John
Howe of Little Compton in this Parish, Esq. nephewe and Heire
of Sir Richard Grobham of Great Wishford in the Covnty of
Wiltes Knt. deceased; with whome shee lived a vertvovs and
lovinge wife 21 yeares and xi moneths, and had Issue 9 Children
(viz.)

''First, Richard Grobham Howe, borne the 28th of Avgvst
IQ21, who married Lvcie, one of the Davghters of Sir John St.
John of Lyddiard Tregoze in the said Covnty of Wiltes Knt. and
Barrt.

"■ 2diy, John Grobham Howe, borne the 25th of Janvary
1624, who married Annabella, one of the daughters and coheires
of Emanvell, late Earle of Sunderland.

" 3d!y, December the 4th 102(5, Svsanna was borne, who
married John Ernie of Berry Towne, in the said Covnty of Wiltes,
Esq.

" -Ithly, Third day of March 1629, Thomas Grobham Howe
was borne,

"■ 5thly,The 13th dayof Jvne 1630, WilliamHowe was borne»
slayne at Limlricli in the Kingdom of Ireland.

" dthly. The 4th of March l632, Anna Howe was borne, who
died very yovnge and lyeth hcere buryed.

" 7thly, The 21th day of December 1 633, Elizabeth Howe,
was borne, now the wife of Thoinas Chester of Aunsiury i?i this
County, Esqr.

" Sthly, The 22th of October 1035, George Howe was borne,
who died younge and lyeth buried at Wishford in the vavlt.

" gthly. The 27th of November 1637, Charles Howe was
borne.

" And on the 15th day of Jvne l642, Annoqve iEtatis Svae
46; left them to the protection of the Almighty, and her owne
mortality to this earth, expeclinge a joyfvll resurrection."

At the top are the figures of a man and woman, and between
them a scutcheon of their arms, or, a fcss leliveen three IVulves



138 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

heads coupt salle for Howe, impaled with, per pale sahle and
gules, a cross lottony Jitchy letiueen three Jleurs-de-lis or, for
Rich.

Sir Thomas Ginbham Howe, third son, was knighted, and
married Hesther, daughter and coheir of "^ Sir William Main-
waring, Knight, who was killed upon the walls of Chester, l645,
on the part of Charles I. but died s. p.

Sir RiCHAKD 'Grubham Howe, second Baronet, the eldest
son, married Anne, fourth daughter of Dr. John King, Lord
Bishop of London, widow of John Dutton, of Sherborne in Glou-
cestershire, Esq. by whom he had an only daughter*' Lucy,
married to Edmund Waller, of Gregories in Bucks, Esq. and one
son.

Sir Richard, third Baronet, who represented the county of
Wilts in nine parliaments, and married, August 12th, 16/3, Mary,
daughter of Sir Henry Frederick Tbynne, of Kempsford in Glou-
cestershire, Bart, sister of Thomas the first Viscount Weymouth,
but by her, who died September 5th, 1735, had no issue, and de-
ceasing July 3d, 1730, his title and estates descended to the heirs
of his uncle John Gruhham Howe, second son of Sir John the first
Baronet.

Which John Grubham represented the county of Gloucester
in parliament, from 1661 to 1678, and by his marriage became
possessed of the manor of Langar in the county of Nottingham,
where he fixed his residence j which manor, formerly the inheri-
tance of the Tiptofts, passed from them to the family of Scrope s
by the marriage of Roger, Lord Scrope of Bolton, with Margaret,
eldest daughter and coheir of Robert Lord Tiptoft ; and his de-
scendant Emanuel, last Lord Scrope of Bolton, and Earl of Sun-
derland, having no issue by his wife, the Lady Elizabeth Man-
ners, daughter of John, Earl of Rutland, settled it and the rest of
his estates upon his natural issue, which he had by Martha Janes,
of whom the only son, John, dying unmarried July 31st, 1646,
his three sisters became his coheirs, whereof the youngest, named
Annabella, upon the partition of the estate, had the manor of
Langar allotted to her, and brought it to her husband the said

c Her sister Judith married Sir John Busby, of Addington com. Bucks,
Knight, by whom she left an onlycliiid Hesther, married to the Hon Thomas
Egerton,ot'Tatton-Park, Clieshire, third son of John, third Earl of Bridge-
water, Seevcl.iii. p. 200.

f Mon. Angl vol. iii. p. 88-
g Thoroton"s Nottinghamshire, p. 104.



BARONESS HOWE. 139

John Giubham Howe, Esq. King Charles II. by his letters, re-
gistered in the office of arms, bearing date the first day of June
1663,'' in the fifteenth year of his reign, in consideration of the
good and acceptable service done and performed by John Howe,
of Langar, Esq. her husband, and for a mark of his especial grace
and royal favour, granted and ordained, that she, the said Anna-
bels, should be had, taken, and esteemed as the daughter of an
Earl of this kingdom of England, and that, for and during her
natural life, she have, hold, take, use, and enjoy the style, place,
degree, precedency, and privileges thereof, in as full and ample
manner, as if she had been the legitimate daughter of Emanuel
late Earl of Sunderland ; with a precept of obedience to all and
every of his Majesty's subjects : from which time she was styled.
The Right Honourable Lady Annabella Howe ; and, havino- sur-
vived her said husband, died on March 21st, 1703-4, in the
seventy-fourth year of her age, and lies buried at Stowell, under
an handsome marble monument.' Their issue were four sons
and five daughters. Of the sons,

Scrope, the eldest, was ancestor to the present Viscount, and
the present Baroness.

And from John Griilham, the second, the late Lord died-
worth descended.

Third, Charles, of Gritworth.

Fourth, Emanuel. "^

h Ex Autogr. i Le Neve's Mon. Ang. vol. iv- p. 72.

k Third, Charles, born in 1661, was seated at Gritworth, in the county of
Northampton, and by Eleanor his wife, daughter and heir of Sir William
Pargiter, of Gritworth, Knight, * widow of Sir Henry Bering, Knight, had
issue three sons and three daughters. The sons and two daughters died
young, and are buried at Gritworth, wiih their mother, who died July ;5th,
1696; Leonora-Maria, their only surviving daughter and heir, married Peter
Bathurst, of Clarendon- Park, in Wiltshire, Esq.

Fourth, Emanuel, took to a military life, and rose gradually, by his
merit, to be a colonel of a regiment of foot, and was one of the grooms of the
bed-chamber to King William, who conferred on him a grant of lieutenant of
Alice-Holt and Wolmer forests in Hampshire, after the term of Colonel Wil-
liam Legge's grant of forty- five years, which he had surrendered to him for a
valuable consideration. In the reign of Oueen Anne, he was, on March oth,
1703, promoted to the rank of brigadier-general; and in 1705;, was sent her
Majesty's envoy extraordinary to the Elector of Hanover, afterwards King
George I. He arrived at the Hague, and set out fioni thence on his journey
to Hanover, on October 17th, 1705, where he arrived on the i5th of the same



* Bridgcs's Northamptonshire, vol. i. p 126.



140 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Which ScROPE, the eldest son, ^first Viscount Howe, born in
November l643, was educated in Christ-church college, Oxford,
where, on September 8th, l6G5, he commenced master of arts.

month. On May icth, 1707, he was promoted to be major-general of her
Majesty's forces ; and was afterwards lieutenant-general of her forces. He
died on September 26th, 1709; and by Ruperta his wife, * natural daughter
of Prince Rupert, third son of Frederick, titular King of Bohemia, by the
Princess Elizabeth, only daughter of King James 1. had issue three sons,
William, Emanuel, and James; also a daughter, Sophia, who was maid of
honour to her late Majesty Queen Caroline, when Princess of Wales, and
died on April 4th, lyiG. Major William Howe, eldest son, left an only
daughter and heir, by Elizabeth his wife, third daughter and coheir of Wil-
liam Pauncefort, Esq. viz. Mary, married to Sir George Smith, of East-Stoke,
Notts, Bart, by whom she was mother of the late Sir George Smith Bromley
Paunceforte, Bart.

John Howe, Esq. the second son of the before-mentioned John Howe,
ind I.ady Annabella, remarkably distinguished himself by his speeches on
several weighty affairs in the house of commons, whereof he was a member,
till within a few years of his decease. In the convention parliament, which
met at Weitminster, on January 22d, 1688-g, he served for Cirencester, and
was constantly chose for that borough ; as + also knight of the shire for the
county of Gloucester in the three last parliaments of King William, and in
the first, fourth, and seventh years of Queen Anne. When King William
and Queen Mary were proclaimed King and Queen of England, on the esta-
blishment of their court, % he was made vice-chamberlain to Queen Mary.
In 1696, he was a strenuous advocate for Sir John Fenwicke, and his pleading
in belnlf of that unfortunate gentleman shews his extensive knowledge of the
laws, and aversion to unconstitutional measures. In 1699, when the army
was reduced, it was ^ principally owing to Mr. Howe, that the house of com-
mons agreed to allow half-pay to the disbanded officers : and when the par-
tition-treaty was afterwards under the consideration of that house, he ex-
pressed his sentiments of it in such terms, that King William declared, that
if it were not for the disparity of their rank, he would demand satisfaction
with the sword. At the accession of her Majesty Queen Anne, || he was
swornot her privy-council, on .'^pril 21st, 1702 ; and, on Jurje7th following,!
constituted vice-admiral of the county of Gloucester Aho, before the end of
that year, ** he was constituted Pay waste r-Gen f.ral of her Majesty's
guards and garrisons, viz. on January 4th, 1702-3. And a new privy-council
being settled, on May loth, 1708, +t according to act of parliament, relating
to the union of the two kingdoms, he was, among other the great officers,
sworn thereof. He continued paymaster of the guards and garrisons till
after the accession of King George I %% who appointed Robert Walpole,



* Sandford's Genealogical Hist, of the Royal Family.

t Willis's Lists of Pari. MS.

J Kennet's Hist, of Engl. vol. iii. p. 350. § Ibid. p. 77;.

g Pointer's Chron. Hist. p. 471. f Ibid. p. 473.

** Ibid. p. 482. it Pointer's Chron. Hist. p. 593,

%X Supplement to Pointer's Hist p. 777.



BARONESS HOWE, 141

He represented the county of Nottingham in ths reigns of
Charles II. William III. and Queen Annej and was one of those
patriots who, on June 26th, 1080, delivered a presentment to {h&
grand jury of Middlesex, against the Duke of York, with reasons
for indicting him for not going to church j one of which was, that

Esq. to succeed him, on September 23d, 1714; and the privy-council being
dissolved, and a new one appointed to meet on October ist following, he was
also left out of the list. Whereupon, retiring to his seat at Stowell in Glou«
cestershire, he there died in the year 1711, and was buried in the chancel of
the church of Stowell. He married Mary, daughter and coheir of Humphry
Baskerville, of I'entryllos in Herefordshire, Esq. widow and relict of Sir Ed-
ward Morgan, of Lanternam in Monmouthshire, Bart, by whom he left issue
John, his son and heir.

Which John Howe, of Stoiuell, Esq. on the decease of Sir Richard
Howe, of Compton in Gloucestershire, and Wishford in Wiltshire, Bart, in
1730, without issue, succeeded to those estates; and was likewise elected, in
his place, one of the knights for Wiltshire. Also, on a new parliament being
summoned to meet on June 17th, 1734, he was re-elected. And his Majesty
was pleased to create him Lord Chedworth, Baron of Chedivoith, in the
oiouy of Gloucester, by letters patent, bearing date May i2th, 1741, 14 Geo. II.
His Lordship mairied Dorothy, eldest daughter of Henry-Frederick Thynne,
Esq. grandfather of Thomas Lord Viscount Weymouth, by which Lady,
(who died at her house in Leicester-square, London, on February 14th, 1777J
he had issue eight sons and five daughters ; first, Richard, who died young;
second, John Thynne Howe, his successor ; tliird, Frederick-Henry, third
Lord Chedworth ; fourth, Thomas, who was in holy orders, and died June
3d, 1778, having married to Frances, daughter of Thomas White, of Tatting-
ston-place in Suffolk, and had issue two sons, both of the name of John : the
first died an infant, and the youngest, born August izd, 1754, became
fourth Lord Chedworth; fifth, Charles, who died unmarried; sixth, Scroop,
who died young; seventh, James, who, on July 5th, 1755, married Susanna,
daughter and heir of Sir Humphrey Howarth, of Maselwych in Radnorshire,
Knight, which Lady died April ist, 1758, and her husband on June 24th,
1772; and William, who died in January 1782, at Cheltenham, aged sixty-
nine. The daughters were, Mary, wedded, in 1751, to Alexander Wright, of
Bath, Esq.; Anne, who died young; another Anne, wlio married Roderick
G Wynne, Esq. of Brecknockshire, and died June 6, 1764 ; Dorothy and Lucy.

His Lordship died in April 1742, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

John Thynne Howe, second Lord Chedworth, who married,
September 23d, 1751, Martha, daughter and coheir cf Sir Philip Parker Long,
of Arwarton in Sufiblk, Bart. He died s. p. on May 10th, 1762; and hii
Lady survived till Itovember 30th, 1775. His brother,

Frederick Henry, succeeded as TH iRD Lord Chedworth; and dying
unmarried in 178 1, was succeeded by his nephew

John (son of his brother Thomas) fourth Lord Chedworth, a
man of most recluse habits, and eccentric character, but of some minor pre-
tensions to literature, who spent his time at an house in Ipswich : and dying
unmarried October 29th, 1804, aged fifty, divided his large property by a pe-
culiar will, which was long disputed, among strangers ; particularly his
lawyer and his apothecary.



142 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

there had been divers letters read in both houses of parliament^
and at the secret committee of both houses, from several Cardi-
nals and others at Rome ; and also from other Popish bishops and
agents of the Pope in other foreign parts, which apparently shewed
the great correspondence between the Duke and the Pope j and
expressing how the Pope could not chuse but weep for joy at the
reading of some of his letters, and what great satisfaction he
took to hear the Duke advanced the Catholic religion ; that the
Pope had granted breves to the Duke ; sent him beads, and ample
indulgences, &c. But the Court of King's Bench, hearing of this
presentment, sent for the jury up and dismissed them.

To prevent the introduction of Popery, by the said Duke of
Yorlv (who by the death of his brother had succeeded to the crown),
and to preserve the constitution of England, the Earl of Devon-
shire concerted with Sir Scrope Howe the means for inviting the
Prince of Orange to England ; upon whose landing in the West,
Sir Scrope joined the Earl at Nottingham, and united with him
in a declaration, dated November 22d, l6SS, of their sense and
resolution, which was unanimously subscribed on this principle :
" We own it rebellion to resist a King that governs by law; but
he was always accounted a tyrant that made his will tiie law ;
and to resist such a one, we justly deem no rebellion, but a ne-
cessary and just defence." And when necessity forced the Prin-
cess Anne from London, he accompanied the Earl with a good
body of horse, who marched some miles from Nottingham to
conduct her thither.

In the convention parliament, he was one of the knights for
the county of Nottingham 3 and voted for supplying the vacancy
of the throne with King William and Queen Mary ; for which
heirty concurrence in the revolution, he was made a groom of his
Majesty's bedchamber, which he held till the King's death, and
was advanced to the peerage of Ireland by privy seal, dated at
Kensington April 3d, and by patent at Dublin, May l6th, 1/01,
by the title of Baron Clenaivley and Viscount Howe, with the
creation fee of 13/. Qs. 8d. The preamble to this patent running
thus : " Cum nos regia mente recolentes, quam mature predi-
lectus & tidelis subditus noster Scroopeus How de Langar in co-
mitatu nostro Nottingham, in dicto regno nostro Angliae, miles,
ae illustravit in defensione religionis & libertatis patriae suae, curn
in imminenti periculo ab inimicis, tam domesticis quam foris,
secum extiterunt j ac etiam repetita ilia teslimonia lidelitatis &
ligeantiae sua% quae personae nostras regaii ac rcgimini nostro con-



BARONESS HOWE. 143

tinuo & manifeste indicavit : et ut futuiis temporibus dignoscatur,
quam gratiose accepirans hoec laudabilia sua merita ac servitia, ac
monumentum quoddam favoiis regalis nostri, o\> benemerita tanta,
ipso Scroop How militi & posteris suis exhibere voleiites. Sciatis
igitur, &c," and her Majesty Queen Anne in 1711, constituted
him comptroller of the excise.

In 107^, he was first married to Lady Anne Manners, sixth
daughter of John, eighth Earl of Rutland, by whom he had one
son, John Scrope, born October 5th, 1675, who died young; and

two daughters ; AnnabcUa, married to Goulding, Esq. ;

and Margaret, to Captain Mugg.

His second Lady was Juliana, daughter of William, Lord Al-
HiTglon, of Horseheath in the county of Cambridge, and of Kil-
lard in Ireland, by his wife Juliana, daughter of Baptist Noel.
Viscount Cambden, and departing this life at Langar, January
16th, J7'2, was there buried, leaving issue, by her, Emanuel
Scrope, his successor, and three daughters.

First, Mary, wiio in 1J20 was appointed one of the maids of
honour to Caroline, Princess of Wales j on June 14th, 172,5, she
was married to Thomas Earl of Pembroke, by whom she had no
issue; on October gth, 1/35, she re-married with the honourable
John Mordaunt, brother to Charles, Earl of Peterborough, and
died on September 12th, l7-i9.

Second, Juliana, married. May 27th, 1725, to Thomas Page,
of Battlesden in Bedi'ord shire, Esq. second son of Sir Gregory
Page, of Greenwich in Kent, Bart, by whom she had no issue, and
died liis widow in 17SO.

Third, Anne, married May Sth, 1/28, to Colonel Charles
Mordaunt, only son of brigadier-general Lewis Mordaunt, third
son of John Viscount Avalon.

Emanuel Scrope, the second discount Howe of the Kingdom
of Ireland, succeeded to the title of a Baronet of Great Britain,
on the death of Sir Richard Grubham Howe, on July 3d, J 730;
was member for the county of Nottingham, in the 6th and 7th
parliaments of Great Britain ; and in May 1732, was appointed
goi'ernor of Barladoes, where he died on March 29th, 1/35, and
his corpse being brought to England September 30th following,
was deposited in the family vault at Langar.

On April 25th, 1719, his Lordship was married to Mary So-
phia-Charlotte, eldest daughter of the Baron Kieiaiansegge, master
of the horse to King George I. as Elector of Hanovi-r, (by Sophia
Charlotte, daughter of Count Platen of the empire, who was



I



144 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

made a free Denizen of Ireland, Septemper gth, 1/21, and twoi
days after created, by patent, Countess of Leinster, and April
10th, 1722, created Baroness of Brentford, and Countess of Dar-
lington in England ; being also Countess of Piaten, and Baroness
Kielmansegge in Germany) ; which Lady, who survived till June
13th, 1/82, and was buried at Langar, brought a considerable es-
tate to this family ; and on April 16th, 17^9, the King granted
to her, and his Lordship for life, the yearly pension of 7-50/. to
commence from Christmas preceding 5 she was also one of the
ladies of the bed-chamber to her Royal Highness Augusta, Prin-
cess of Wales, and had issue by his Lordship ' six sons and four
daughters. The sons were :

First, Scrope, who died an infant.

Second, George-Augustus, who succeeded to the titles.

Third, Richard, the late Earl.

Fourth, John, who died an infant.

Fifth, William, prese?it Viscount.

Sixth, Thomas, who died unmarried, November 14th, \77^t
in the forty-first year of his age, and was buried at Langar.

Caroline, the eldest daughter, married John Howe, of Hanslop
in Buckinghamshire, Esq.

Charlotte, second daughter, wedded Robert Fettiplace, of
Swinbrook in Oxfordshire, Esq.

Juliana, third daughter, died unmarried.

Mary, fourth daughter, married the late General Sir William
Augustus Pitt, of Highfield in Hampshii'e, K. B. brother to George,
late Lord Rivers.

George Augustus, the eldest surviving son, succeeded his
father as third Viscoiir.t Howe; at the general elections in 1/4/
and 17^'^, he was chosen representative for the town of Notting-
ham j on May 1st, 17-^9, was made captain of a company in the
first regiment of foot-guards, with rank as lieutenant-colonel in
the army, and soon after appointed aid-de-camp to his Royal
Highness the Duke of Cumberland ; on September 2Sth, 1757,
was constituted colonel of a regiment of foot, and commanded as
brigadier-general in the expedition again Ticonderoga, in North
America, under General Abcrcrombie, and displayed his military
talents so as to gain the confidence and love of the whole army ;
but was unfortunately slain on July 5th, 1758, in a skirmish with
the French, on the march towards that place, which may be con-

1 From the Pedigree entered in the House of Peers.



BARONESS HOWE. ' 145

sidered as one cause of the ill-success of that expedition. General
Abercrombie, in his dispatches to Mr. Secretary Pitt (afterwards
Earl of Chatham), dated from the camp at Lake George, July 12,
1758, gives the following account of this fatal event. " The
army continued its march through the wood, with a design to
invest Ticonderoga 5 but the wood being very thick, impassable
with any regularity to such a body of men, and the guides un-
skilful, the troops were bewildered, and the columns bioke, fall-
ing in one upon another.

" Lord Howe, at the head of the right centre column, sup-
ported by the light infantry, being advanced, fell in with a French
party, supposed to consist of about 400 regulars, and a few In-
dians, who had likewise lost themselves in their retreat from the
advanced guard ; of these, our flankers killed a great many, and
took 148 prisoners, among whom were five officers, and three
cadets.

" But this small success cost us very dear, not as to the loss of
numbers, for we had only two officers killed ; but as to conse-
quence, bis Lordship being the first man who fell in this skir-
mish j and as he was very deservedly universally beloved and re-
spected throughout the whole army, it is easy to conceive the
grief and consternation his untimely fall occasioned ; for my part
I cannot help owning that I felt it most heavily, and lament him
as sincerely."

Richard, fourth Viscount Howe, and Earl Howe, and
FIRST Barox Howe of Langar, was born in 1/25, was edu-
cated at Eton, entered the sea service at the age of fourteen, on
board the Severn, Hon. Captain Legge, part of the squadron des-
tined for the South Seas under Anson. He next served on board
the Burford, 1743, under Admiral Knowlesj in which be was
afterwards appointed acting lieutenant ; but his commission not



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