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Bath, February 177'^; ^nd Harriot, born in ihe parish of St.
John in the Isle of Wight, October 1/75 ; died young.

The daughters were,.



LORD AMHERST. 169

First, Elizabeth, baptised at Seven-Oakes, June , ., 1714, mar-
ried the Rev-. John Thomas, Rector of Nutgrove and Welford in
the county of Gloucester, and died (his widow) at Newbold in
the county of Warwick, April . . , 1779' She was celebrated
for her poetical talents.

Second, Margaret, baptised February 3d, 17IS, died unmar-
ried. May pth, 1735, and was buried the 1-4 th of the same month,
at Seven-Oakes.

Third, Mary, baptised at Seven-Oakes, December.., 1720,
and was buried there the 17th of February following.

Jeffery, first Lord Amherst, the second son, became at
length possessed of the family estate at Riverhead, and having
attached himself early in life to the profession of a soldier, ac-
quired the highest military honours and preferments, by his great
and meritorious services to his country, after a six years glorious
war in North America, where he was appointed Governor and
Commander in Chief of all the British forces, in 176O. Having
resigned this command, he sailed from New-York for England,
in November 1763, on board his Majesty's snow of war, the
Weazel, and arriving at his house in Pail-Mall, London, on De-
cember 29th, he, the next day, waited upon his Majesty at St.
James's, who received him very graciously, and among other
marks of his royal approbation of his conduct, appointed him go-
A'ernor of the province of Virginia.

The victorious achievements of the British forces in North
America, during Sir Jeffery Amherst's continuance there, cannot
be better summed up, than by giving two of the inscriptions on
an obelisk, in the grounds at his seat at Montreal, viz.

LouisBouRG surrendered, and six battalions, prisoners of war,

July the 26th, 170S.
Fort du Quesne taken possession of, 2-4 th Nov. 1758.
Niagara surrendered 25tb July, 1759.
Ticondekoga taken possession of, 20th July, 1759.
Croavn Point taken possession of, 4th August, 1759.
Quebec capitulated, 18th September, 1759.

The other,
b'oRT Levi surrendered, 2jth August, 1760.
Isle au Noix abandoned, 28th August, 176O.
Montreal surrendered, and with it all Canada, and ten



170 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

French battalions laid down their arms, 8th September,
1760.
St. John's, Newfoundland, re-taken, 18th September^
1762.

On November 26th, 176O, Sir JefFery arrived at New York,
and was saluted with a general discharge of the cannon round the
town ; and the next day he was waited upon by the Mayor, Al-
dermen, and Commonalty, with the principal inhabitants of the
town, who had voted him the freedom of their city in a gold box,
and presented him with the following address :

The cordial Address of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty ,
of the City of New York, in Common Council convened, to his
Excellency General Amherst.

" May it please your Excellency,

"To the united suffrages of the British world, in favour of
your Excellency's distinguished merit, the Mayor, Aldermen, and
Commonalty, of the city of New York, beg leave to add their
most grateful tribute of thanks, for the invaluable services wrought
by your superior wisdom and valour, in annexing the extensive
country of Canada to his Majesty's dominions in America, An
acquisition so inestimable in itself, so pregnant with the most im-
portant consequences, cannot fail to shine with a supreme lustre,
amidst the most luminous events, and give to its author a rank
exalted in the train of British worthies. Minutely to describe
the innumerable advantages resulting from so signal a conquest,
would be a vain attempt. Let millions yet unborn mark the dis-
tinguished blessings as they rise; and while they reap the happy
fruits of your martial virtues, they will not cease to bless the name
of Amherst.

" Yet that we ourselves may not seem insensible of our hap-
piness, permit us. Sir, to turn our eyes to the wide-extended
frontiers of our many fair colonies, over which his sacred Majesty
has so long swayed his gracious sceptre. How strangely altered
is the amazing scene ! There the savage native, and more savage
Canadian, were lately wont to seize the defenceless and inofft^nd-
ing peasant, doomed, with his tender wife, and helpless children,
to the most excruciating deaths, or a more dreadful captivity.
Hence en universal horror seized the borderers. To this sue-



LORD AMHERST. 171

ceeded a general dereliction, and the numerous settlements, aban-
doned to the relentless fury of an insatiate foe, were soon reduced
to dismal and undistinguished ruin. Husbandry felt the fatal
effects of such a waste of country : and this city, famous for its
commerce, beheld, and wept the diminution of its staple. Thus,
besides the keenest sympathy for our suffering fellow-subjects, we
have acted our own sad parts in the affecting tragedy.

" But Canada is no more. The peasant may return in secu-
rity to his fields ; husbandry will soon revive ; the face of nature
smile with the blessings of peace ; and this flourishing city rejoice
in the plenty of its markets. This surprizing change, we attribute,
with the most humble gratitude, to the paternal care of our most
gracious Sovereign, in appointing your Excellency to conduct his
victorious armies in America.

" Our restless enemies, possessed of the two great rivers of
St. Lawrence and Missisippi, long since formed the horrid scheme
of circumventing us with a chain of fortresses. This, with un-
wearied industry, they at length achieved ; and by this they
gained the dominion of the lakes, and their connecting streams.
The passes thus secured, as well into Canada as our own country,
necessarily procured them the assistance of numerous tribes of
Indians J and, not to say worse, shook the fidelity of the few who
had so long valued themselves on our protection. Nothing then
seemed wanting but a little patience, till they had introduced a
sufficient number of regulars from France, But in this they
failed: their sanguine expectations broke down the restraints of
policy, and they began to execute the deep-laid purpose before
they had strength sufficient to ensure success. And yet, thus ad-
vantageously situated, they compelled us in a defensive war, to
toil through several campaigns : most of which ended in the loss
of some fort or tract of country. So true it is, (hat the inferiority
of their numbers was in a great measure compensated for, by the
possession of those important posts, which, had they not been
wrested from them by your unexampled conduct, seconded by
the matchless heroism of the much lamented Wolfe, and the
vigorous efforts of his brave successor in command, would, in the
hands of so vigilant, designinrr, and indefatigable an enemy, most
probably have ended in the reduction of the whole British North
America. This, Sir, is a hasty portraiture of the mighty evils.:
from which, by your triumphs, we luive been delivered ; evils
to which we shall never again be exposed, unless our restless



172 Jr-i^JiHiiVjJi Ui" iiiN GLAND.

neighbours should, by a restitution, be enabled to renew the ex*
ecrable attempt.

" Yetj what will more effectually perpetuate your name, Sir,
with universal applause to the lat'^st posterity, are those innu-
merable benefits arising from an exclusive possession of this vast
continent. These benefits, the purchase of your labours, will
unfold themselves in every revolving year till Great Britain shall
become the Imperial Mistress of Nations. Indeed, to view her
in her present glorious state, must swell the breast of her every
worthy son. Her royal fleets seem aheady to give law to her
neighbours. As often as they spread their canvas, even the in-
sulting Gaul beholds with trembling expectation ; while to her
victorious armies it is the same thing to march and to conquer.
But the vast variety of soils and climates in America, capable of
producing every necessary and conveniency of life, joined to (he
fishery on its coast, must infallibly prove to our mother country
an inexhaustible source of wealthy thus enabling her, as well by
the power of her arms, as by with-holding or bestowing the bles-
sing both of art and nature, to humble the united arrogance of the
most presumptuous opposers, and support the tottering fortunes
of dependent states. Such, Sir, will be the wonderful effects of
the conquest gained by those armies, which you have commanded
with so much honour to yourself and the nation j a conquest too
immensely valuable ever to be ceded to an enemy, whose prin-
cipal characteristic is a perfidious abuse of favours.

But, Sir, while so remarkable an event will never fail to furnish
the most ample testimonials of your military accomplishments, the
ingenuous mind must at the same time receive a peculiar satis-
faction from the contemplation of another part of your uncommon
character ; we mean your humane and generous use of victory.
The picture of a Conqueror, drawn from the greatest examples
recorded in the faithful pages of history, though it strikes the soul
with a mixture of admiration and terror, is seldom expressive of
benevolent affections of the heart, even when the conquered are
rather objects of commiseration than revenge. Hence it is, that
your compassionate treatment of the vanquished Canadians, must
appear most singularly amiable ! To require of a disarmed, yet
implacable foe, whose inhumanities have deserved the severest
strokes of vindictive justice, nothing mote than a quiet submis-
sion to the gentle dictates of British rule, is indeed a disinterested
virtue : and must convince the attentive world, that Britons never



LORD AMHERST. 173

conquer to enslave. To conclude. Sir, that the God of armies
may continue to furnish your head with wisdom, 3'our breast with
fortitude, and your arm with strength : that he may cover you as
with a shield, and make you terrible to your enemies in the day
of battle; that you may long live to enjoy the gracious smiles of
your Royal Master, the grateful acclamations of the British nation,
and the peaceful eulogiums of an approving conscience; that
your name may be remembered with thankfulness by the latest
posterity; and that your unwearied labours for the public welfare,
may meet with their due rewards here, and an unfading crown of
glory hereafter, are the earnest wishes and desires of your Excel-
lency's most obedient humble servants,

The Mayor, Aldermen^ and Commonalty,
of the City of New-Yokk."
" Nov. 27, 1760"

To which his Excellency was pleased to return the following

answer.

'■'^ Gentlemen,

" I return you most sincere thanks for the Address you have
been pleased to make to me.

" It gives me very particular pleasure that the success of his
Majesty's arms in the reduction of Canada, has contributed so
much to the happiness of the people on this continent; and it is
my most hearty wish, that this city may reap all the advantages it
can desire from this conquest, and that it may prosper and flourish
to the latest time."

On April 11th, 1761, he was created one of the Knights of
the most honourable order of the Bath ; on November 7th, 1768,
was appointed colonel of the third regiment of foot, as likewise,
at the same time, colonel in chief of the sixtieth, or royal Ame-
rican regiment of foot, which he retained till his death. In Oc-
tober, 1770, was appointed governor of the island of Guernsey,
the castle of Cornet, and all other islands, forts, and appurtenances
thereunto belonging. On October 22d, 1772^ he was appointed
lieutenant-general of his Majesty's ordnance, which he retained
till 1782; also, on the 6th of the following month, was sworn of
his Majesty's most honourable privy-council, and took his place at
the board accordingly, his Majesty being present; and his Ma-
jesty, in consideration of his superior merits, and signal services,
was graciously pleased to advance him to the dignity of a peer of



174 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

this realm, by the style and title of Baron Amherst, of Holmes-
dale in the county of Kent, by letters patent, bearing date on May
20th, 17765 and on March 24th, 1778, his Lordship was pro-
moted to the rank of general of the army; and in April, 17/9^
appointed colonel of the second troop of horse grenadier guards,
which was reformed June 25 ih, 1/88, and made the second regi-
ment of life-guards.

In 1778, he was appointed Commander in Chief of his Ma-
jesty's land forces in Great Britain, which high office he retained
till March, 1782 ; and was again appointed to it 1783.

On July 30th, I7y6^ his Lordship was appointed to the rank
of Field-Marshal.

On September 6th, 1788, his Lordship was created Lord Am-
herst OF Montreal in Kent, with limitation in default of issue
male of his own body, to his nephew iVilliam Pitt Amherst; and
the heirs male of his body.

His Lordship was twice married, first, to Jane, only surviving
daughter of Thomas Dalyson, of Manton in the county of Lincoln,
and of Hampton in the county of Kent, Esq. (by his wife Jane,
daughter of Captain Richard Etherington), which Thomas Daly-
son was only surviving son of Thomas Dalyson, Esq. by Susan, his
first wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Style, of Wateringbury, Bart,
which last Thomas was eldest surviving son of Maximilian Daly-
son, of West Peckham in Kent, Esq. by his wife Frances, daughter
and heir of Thomas Stanley, Esq. before-mentioned. She dying
on January 7th, 1765, aged forty-one, was buried at Plaxtole in
Kent.

His Lordship's second Lady was Elizabeth, daughter of the
Hon. Lieutenant-General George Cary (only brother of Lucius-
Charles, Viscount Falkland), of Levengrovre, by Isabella, daughter
of Arthur Ingram, Esq. of Barvaby, both in the county of York ;
they were married March 26th, 1767, in Clifford-street in the
parish of St. James's Westminster, by his Grace the Archbishop
of York ; but his Lordship had no issue by either Lady.

His Lordship died August 3d, 1797, at his seat of Montreal in
Kent, set. eighty-one. " The name of Sir Jeftery Amherst,"
say his biographers, " was as much dreaded by the enemies of
Great Britain, as it was revered by his countrymen. The honour
of the nation whose battles he fought, seemed to be the predo-
minant principle throughout his military career. He was a firm
disciplinarian, but he was the soldier's friend j a man of strict
economy, always sober, and ready at all times to hear and redress



LORD AMHERST. 175

the complaints of the army in general. No ostentation of heroism
marked any of his actions j but the whole of his conduct evinced
the firm simplicity of a brave mind, animated by the conscious-
ness of what was due to himself and his country. As Commander
IN Chief, it has been said that he was induced by the sweets of
office to retain his situation longer than his strength permitted
the active execution of its duties ; but his Sovereign saw no reason
for his resignation, and his country could not be dissatisfied that
the post was held by one who had hazarded his life in her de-
fence."' His Lordship was succeeded by his nephew,

William Pitt Amherst, second Lord Amherst, of
Montreal in Kent, born January, 1773.

His Lordship married, July 24th, 1800, Sarah, Countess of

Plymouth, relict of Other Hickman, fifth Earl of Plymouth,

daughter and coheir of Andrew Archer, last Lord Archer (who

•died February' 28th, 17/8, when the title became extinct), and

has issue.

First, a daughter, born July 9th, 1801.

Second, a son, born August 29th, J 802.

Third, William Pitt, who died March 2Sth, 1804,

Fourth, a son, born November 24th, 1805.

Fifth, a son, born in February, ] 8O7.

His Lordship was appointed a lord of his Majesty's bed-
chamber in June, 1804 ; and is at present his Majesty's Minister
to the King of Sicily.

Title. William Pitt Amherst, Lord Amherst of Montreal.

Creation. Lord Amherst of Montreal, by patent September
6th, 1788.

Arms. Gules, three tilting spears erect, or, headed, argent ;
confirmed to Richard Amherst, Esq. by William Camden in 1607.

Crest. On a wreath, or and gules, a mount, vert} and on it
three tilting spears, the middle one erect, the others saltierwise,
or, headed, argent, encircled round their middles with a chaplet,
vert.

Supporters. On the dexter, a Canadian war Indian, his ex-
terior arm embowed, holding a war axe proper ; rings through
his nose and ears, and bracelets on his arms and wrists, argent;
over his shoulders two buff belts in saltier, one with his powder-
horn, the other holding his scalping knife; about his waist a

' Gent, Mag. vol. Ixvii \> Soi, 802.



170 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND

small apron azure, stringed gules, having gaiters on his legs azure,
stringed gules, seamed or ; the legs fettered and fastened with a
chain, to the bracelet on the exterior wrist. On the sinister, a like
Canadian holding in his exterior hand a staff argent, thereon an
human scalp, proper.

Motto, CoNSTANTIA ET ViRTUTE.

Chief Seat. Montreal, in the hamlet of Riyerhead near
Seven Oaks, Kent.



J



I,ORD FISHEKWICK.



177




CHICHESTER, LORD FISHERWICK.

{MARQUIS OF DONEGAL IN IRELAND.)

1 HIS faniiiy seems anciently to have borne the name of Ciren-^
cester, and was one of the most eminent in the county of Devon
for its antiquity, estate, employments, and alliances, having flou-
rished for several generations at South-Poole, not far from Kings-
Bridge, where their most ancient habitation was : and a full re-
presentation of their dignity is manifested by that learned anti-
quary. Sir William Pule, in his MS. survey of Devonshire j who
assures us, that they have a right to quarter the arms of the Ra-
leighs, the Beaumonts, the Willingtons, and many other noble
families.

The first of the name to be met wiih^ is Walleran de Ci'
renccster (thought to be so denominated from Cirencester in Glou-
cestershire) said to be descended from a brother of Robert dc
Cirencester, alias Chichester, Dean of Salisbury, and consecrated
in 1128 Bishop of Exeter, who bestowed much money, in re-
building and adorning his Cathedral, in which having sat twenty-
two years, ^e was buried 1 150, on the south side of the altar, near
a gentleman of his own name.

To Walleran succeeded John his son, the father of

Sir John, whose son

SirTuoMvs DE Cirencester was lord of the manor of St.
Mary-Church (an emment sea-mark on the east side of Torbay),



• Prince's Worthies of Devon, p 135, and Fuller.
%0L. Vlli. N



178 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

by his marriage with Alicia dc Rotomago, in the time of Henry
III. from the beginning of whose reign in 12l6, he sustained
many honourable employments throughout the whole course
of it.

His son William had issue

Sir John Cirencester, whose son

Richard, leaving the name of Cirencester, alias Chichester,
fixed upon the latter, which has continued the surname of the
family.

John de Chichester his son, in 34, 45, and 46 years of King
Edward III. ^ was member of parliament for the borough of Mel-
comb-Regis, in the county of Dorset, as he also was in 1381,
5 Richard II. and left

Sir John de Chichester his heir, who in 1^33 (12 Henry VI.)
was returned one of the principal gentry of the county of Devon
by the King's commissioners; and marrying Thomasine, daughter
and heir lo Sir William Raleigh, of Raleigh near Barnstaple, in
Devonshire, '^ acquired that inheritance ; and was father of

John, oi^ Raleigh, who was sheriflF of the county of Devon
3 Edw. IV, and left issue

RiCHAKD Chichester, Esq. who 8 and 14 of that reign served
the same office; and marrying Alice, daughter and heir to John
Wotton (or Walton), of Widworthy, that estate accrued thereby
to the family ; by her, besides other children, he bad

John, his heir; and

Richard, his third son, who marrying Thomasine, daughter
and heir to Simon Hall, of Hall in Bishop's Tawton, became
seated there, and his posterity matched into the eminent houses
of Gough of Aldercomb, in Cornwall; Ackland of Ackland;
Marwood of Westcott; Basset of Umberleigh ; Strode ofNewn-
ham ; Pollard ; Carew ; and others.

John Chichester,*^ the eldest son, married first Margaret,
daughter and heir to Hugh Beaumont, of Youlston in Devonshire,
Esq. with whom he had that seat, and by her had

Edward, his heir.

And by his second wife, Joane, daughter of Robert Brett, of
Whitstaunton in Somersetshire, and of Pillond in Devonshire, he
had John Chichester, of Widworthy in the east; and Amias, ^ of

b Ulster's Office. c Ibid. d Ibid,

e Amias married Joan, daughter of Sir Roger GifFard, of Brightley, by
whom (says Rev. Mr. Prince) " he had nineteen sons, and four daughters-



LORD FISHERWICK. . 179

Arlinston, in the north parts of Devotibhire, whose posferlty
flourished at both places.

Edward Chichester, Esq (by the^^r^f wife) lived in the reign
of Henry VIII. and married Elizabeth, '^ eldest daughter of John
Bourchier, Lord Fitz-Warine, and the first Earl of Ba'h, (by
Cecilia his wife, daughter of Gyles, Lord D'Aubeny, and sister
and heir to Henry, Lord D'Aubeny, who wis created Earl of
Bridgwater by King Henry VIII. and died April 8th, 1547, with-
out issue) by whom he was father of

Sir John Chichester, Knight, b who received that honour
from Queen Elizabeth in 1580, and who, in 1552 and 1578, was
high sheriff of the county of Devon, which in 1553 and 1502 he
represented in parliament. '' He married Gertrude, ' daughter of
Sir William Courtenny, of Powderham castle in Devonshire, Knt.
ancestor to the Lord Viscount Courtenay, by whom he had five
sons and eight daughters, viz.

First, Sir John, ancestor to the family of Raleigh.

Second, Arthur, whose abilities and services raised him to the
Peerage of England.

Third, Edward, ancestor to the Enrl of Donegal.

Fourth, Sir John Chichester the younger, who, whilst his
brother Arthur was in France, sought glory in Ireland ; where
his services were rewarded with the post of serjeant -major of the
army, and the honour of knighthood, so that he came to be dis-
tinguished from his elder brother of the same name and deoree,
by the title of Sir John Chichester the younger ; it being no un-
usual thing for parents, in former times, to give a favourite name
to more of their children than one, living at the same time. He
was governor of Carrickfergus, and November 4th, 1597^"^ lost
his life on an enterprize against the Mac Donnells, in the follow-
ing manner: James Mac Sorley Mac Donnell (after Earl of An-
trim) hid a strong detachment of Highland foot in a cave, about
four miles distant from Carrickfergus, whilst he advanced with a
small body towards that place ; and braving the garrison. Sir
Johu Chichester made a sally, when Mac Donnell seeming to

fourteen of the nineteen sons lived to be proper gentlemen, though not
above thiee of them had issue: when they went all to chinch, the first
would be in the church-porch before the last would be out of the house."
Edward, the ninth fon, was slain in a duel; and Paul, the eleventh, a worthy
captain, was slain in the Portugal action, 1589.

f Ul.-ter's Office. g Ibid,

h Fuller's Worthies. i Ulster's Office t Ibid



186 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

fly, till he had brought Sir John to the place where he had formed
his ambuscade, turned upon him and his party, who being in-
stantly surrounded with the fresh troops was defeated. Sir John
was taken prisoner, and beheaded upon a stone at the head of the
Glynn. '

Fifth, Sir Thomas Chichester, to whom King James, March
20th, 1607, granted a lease for twenty-one years, of divers lands
in the county of Wicklow ; and December 8th, 161O, gave to
him and his heirs the lands of Radonnell, containing 1000 acres,
iu the county of Donegall.

First, daughter Elizabeth, married to Hugh Fortescue, of
Philleigh, Esq.

Second, Eleanor, to Sir Arthur Basset, of Umberleigh, Knt.

Third, Mary, to Sir Richard Bluet, of Holcomb-Regis, Knt.

Fourth, Grace, to Robert Dillon.

Fifih, Cecilia, to Thomas Hatch, of Aller, Esq.

Sixth, Susanna, to John Fortescue, of Buckland-Philleigh,
Esq.

Seventh, Dorothy, to Sir Hugh Pollard, of King's-Nimpton,
Knight.

Eighth, Urith, in 1591, to John Trevilian, of Nettlecombe in
Somersetshire, Esq. ancestor to Sir John Trevilian, Bart, and

Ninth, Bridget, the first wife of Sir Edward Prideaux, of Far-
way, and of Netherton in Devonshire. '"

Sir John Chichester, the eldest son, married Anne, daughter
of Sir Robert Dennis, of Holcombe, Knight, and being killed,
with the judge of assize and others, by an infectious smell from
the prisoners, at the Lent assizes in Exeter Castle, 1585, left
issue

Sir Robert Chichester, of Raleigh, Knight of the Bath, who



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