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married to his_first wife Frances, younger daughter of John, Lord
Harington of Exton, and coheir to her brother John, Lord Har-
ington (who died without issue, at Kevv in Surrey, August 27th,
1613, three days after his father had deceased at Worms in Ger-
many, on his return from attending the Princess Elizabeth, King
James's daughter, to the Palatinate, after her marriage with Fre-
derick, Count Palatine of the Rhine, of which Princess he had

I In King James's reiern, Mac Donnell going one day to view the family
monument in St. Nicholas's church at Carrickfergus, and seeing Sir John's
statue thereon, asked, Ho-w the de'ell he came to get his head again, for be iL-as
sure he had anct taen it frae him.

m Ulster's Office.



LORD FISHERWICK. 151

the tuition) and by her he had an only daughter Anne, married
to Thomas Lord Bruce, of Kinlosse, by whom she was mother of
Robert Earl of Aylesbury, and lies buried in the church of Exton
in Rutlandshire, under a curious monument of black and white
marble, with a memorial, on the one side in Latin, which i$
Englished on the other, as follows :

Anne, wife to Thomas Lord Bruce, Baron of

Kinlosse, daughter of Sir Robert Chichester,

Knight of the Bath, of an ancient family

In the county of Devon, and of Frances, one of

The two daughters and coheirs of John, Lord

Harrington, Baron of Exton, sole heir to her

Mother; a lady endowed with a natural

Disposition to virtue ; a true understanding

Of honour 5 most noble behaviour 3 perpetual

Chearfulness ; most elegant conversation ; and a

More than ordinary conjugal affection. She was

Married iv years and ix months, and left one only

Child, named Robert Bruce. Weakened by that

Birth, she died in childbed the xx day of March

In the XXII year of her age : Anno Domini mdcxxvii.

Erected and inscribed to the memory of his

Most beloved and most deserving wife, by Thomas

Lord Bruce. "

Sir Robert's second wife was Mary, daughter of ..... . Kill,

of Shilston, and dying in 1626, had issue by her, who re-married
with Sir Ralph Sydenham, Knight, " Sir John Chichester born
in ]623,P created a fiaro«^/ August 4th, l64l ; who married
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir John Rayney, ofWrotham in
Kent, Bart, and dying in 1667, had issue three sons, Sir John 3 Sir
Arthur ; and Henry, who married the widow of John Chichester,
of Hall, Esq. Sir John, the second Baronet, married the daughter
of Sir Charles BickerstafF, of Sele in Kent, Knight, but dying
without issue male in 168O, was succeeded by his brother Sir
Arthur, the third Baronet, who served in parliament for Barn-
staple in Devonshire, from the reign of James H. to his death, in
1 717 j and having married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Drewe,

n See this monument engraved in Wright's Rutlandshire, p. 59.
• Rot. pat. Ao. 10°. 3. p. d. R. zz. p Fuller's Worthies.



182 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

of Grange In Devonshire, Esq. left Sir John Chichester, the
fourth Baronet, also member of parlia nent for BarnMaple, who
took to wite Anne-, daughter of John Leigh, ot Newport in the
Isle of Wigbi, Ebq. and dying at his seat of Youl^ton, September
4ih, 1/40, left two sans. Sir John {iht fifth Baronet, sheriff of
the county of Devon for the year 1753 ; he married Frances, the
secfiud daughter and one of the four coheirs to Sir Gporj^e Chud-
Hgh, (if Hjldon in the county of Devon, Knt. ^ and had by her
the late Sir John Chichester, sixth Baronet, who died unmarried,
Octo' er 1808) ; and William.

Sir Arthur Chichester, ^r^^ /rwA peer, (second son of Sir
John, by Gertrude, daughter of Sir William Courtenay) was born
at haleigh, and after spending some part of his youth in the Uni-
versity, ' li:,diiig tnat too sedentary a life for his active genius,
embraced a military one in the reign of Queen Elizibeth, a'.A
was constantly engaged wherever his sovereign's service required
his presence, by sea a.. d land, in Eigl-ind and in France. He
was knighted in ]5y.5, for his valour and military skill in the wars
of this kingdom ; where his service in the reduction of the Irish
to die obedience was so manifest, that he vas effectually assistant
to plough and break up (say Dr. Fuller and Mr. Prince) that bar-
barous nation by conquist, and then to sox^' it with seeds of civi-
lity, when L. D.

in 1599, he commanded 200 foot at Carrickfergus, and in
the end of November, l600, being garrisoned at that place, laid
all the country waste within twenty miles of it. May 2d, IDOl,
the L. D. wrote to the Lords in England (ainong other things)
that Sir Henry Docura at Loughfoile, and Sir Arthur Chichester
at Carriekffrgus, had made their numbers sure to the state, and
both had done her Majesty excellent service; and in his letter
June 14th, acquainted their Lordships, that those gentlemen had
determined to assure the passage of Moyry; then to plant a gar-
rison at Lecaie, and to reinforce Sir Arthur, whereby he might go
near to effect what the whole army should have done. June 18,
Sir Arthur waited on the L. D. at the camp at Blackstaff, and
there received his designs for the present service, with a procla-

q Baronetage of Eng. 1771, vol. i p. 398.
r At that time he rohbed one of the Queen's purveyors, who were but
little better than robbers themselves. To avoid a prosecution he fleJ into
France, where he signalized himself under King Henry IV. who knighted him
for hi-; gallant be'naviour ; and lie was shortly after j:ardoned by the Queen.
Granger's Eiografb. vol i p.595, 8vo.



LORD FISHERWICK. J 83

mation to be published for establishing the new coin^ and re-
ceived 200 foot to strengthen his garrison ; with which, in July
he took Castle Reagh, the only one held by Bryan Mac Art in
those parts; and in June, l0O2, the L. D. Mountjoy having driven
Tiroen out of his country, as high as Castleroe upon the Banne,
and taken in some of his strongest islands, sent Sir Richard Mor-
ryson from Dungannon, with 500 foot, to meet Sir Arthur Chi-
chester, who was to pass Loughsidney, with his forces from Car-
rickfergus, and land within a few miles of Dungannon : where
being met, they began, by the Deputy's directions, to raise the
fort of Mountjoy, capable of containing abave 1000 foot and 100
horse, which were to be victualled from Carrickfcrgus, by the
way of the Lough ; and for the present service. Sir Arthur com-
manded in chief the forces left there, with power to draw out
them and all other garrisons towards Carrickfergus, upon all oc-
casions of service. Soon after this, the Deputy having intelli-
gence, that Tiroen proposed to send Bryan Mac Art to distrrb
Killultagh, and so divert as much as possible his own prosecu-
tion ; directed Sir Arthur, with Sir Henry Davers (August lOth,
1602), to invest the fort of Enislaughlin, the only place of strength
held by the rebels in those parts, wherein the plate and valuable
effects of such as had fled into Tyrone were deposited. This fort,
seated in a large bog, and only accessible through thick woods,
surrendered to the Queen's mercy, as soon as they had made their
approaches to the first ditch; and the garrison, August 19, were
brought prisoners to the Deputy at Newry, whence Sir Arthur
accompanied his Lordship in pursuit of Tiroen into Fermanagh ;
but on the news of the Spaniards arriving at Beerhaven, he was
sent back, September 8th, with directions to lye at Fort Mountjoy;
to destroy all the corn which he could not preserve for the gar-
risons, and to be ready to oppose the rebels, should they make
any head ; or attend the Deputy, if the Spaniards should land.
And that month Sir Henry Davers, serjeant-major of ths army,
being induced by the necessity of his private affairs^ to discon-
tinue his service in Ireland, his post was conferred upon Sir Ar-
thur; who, in January following, expelled Bryan Mac Art out of
Killultagh ; and by the Deputy, in his letter to Secretary Cecil,
October 2d, 1601, was recommended as the fittest man that
could be chosen in England or Ireland, to be made sole governor
of Ulster, in order to carry oa a sharp winter's war against the
rebels, and prevent any important succour to the Spaniards, then



184 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

landed at Kingsalej but Tiroen boing shortly after defeated in
Munster, this project took no effect.

He equally distinguished himself in the arts of peace; for,
being a man of great capacity, judgment, steadiness, and expe-
rience, he was wise in taking his party 3 resolute in executing his
designs ; master of his own temper ; dextrous and able to manage
all the variety of humours he had to deal with, and to gain even
the most perverse.

April 2lst, lf)03, the King directed him to be admitted a
privy-counsellor, and by putent, dated September 10th following,
appointed him governor of Carritkfergus, with the fee of 135. 4d.
a day for life (which he had long held under Queen Elizabeth)
but that patent falling short of the King's intentions, a new one
was passed May gih, l604, investing him with the said govern-
ment, and that of all other forts, with the Lough-Neagh, and the
commodities thereof; and constituting him colonel and governor
of the torces stationed at Carrickfergus, both the Cladeboyes, the
DuffraJne, Kiilultagh, Kilwarling, the little Ardes, the Route, and
the Glynnes in Ulster, and of all the inhabitants thereof, to at-
tend upon him, and be at his direction; also admiral nnd com-
mand' r in chief of Lou^hsid'iev, otherwise Lough-Neagh, with
the fishing thereof, as far as the salmon-1 ap on the river Banue;
governor of the fort of Mountjoy ; and to driw forth the forces
of Armagh, Black water, Mountnorris, and Charlemount, and em-
ploy them as hr should see most expedient for the advancement
oi his Majesty's service.

By patent, dated February 1st, 1603-4, he was made L. D.
OF Ireland; and that year established two new circuits (in
order to cuilize the Irish) sending the first justices of assize into
Conaught, and retrieving the circuit of Munster, which had then
been disroniinued for about 200 years; so that whereas the cir-
cuits before encompassed only the English pale, from this time
they carrif^d the influence of justice throughout the kingdom, and
had so wonderful an effect, that in a short time so many capital
offenders were not found in the thirty-two ccunties, as in six
shires of the western circuit in England.^ But his care to bring
this great work to some degree of perfeciion rested not here; the
many proclamations for the reformation of the country, which he
snot only published but executed, mightily contributed to that end ^

s Fuller utantea.



LORD FISHERWICK. 185

such were those for abolishing the customs of Tonistry, &c. and
all former grudges and displeasures conceived in the Queen's
time; for enforcing the st:itute of 2 Elizabeth, concerning rfli-
gion ; prohibiting the importation of arras or ammunition to sell
to the Irish ; and others.

He very much influenced and promoted the plantation of the
forfeited estates in Ulster; and when ail plans and measures for
carrying on that necessary work failed, he supplied their defects ;
with which the King was so wHl satisfied, that he conferred on
him very considerable grants of lands ' in that province ; and as a

t The King, in his letter to him from Westminster, June 30th, iTiog, *
writes, •■ That having approved of a project for the distribution of his lands
in Ulster, which he was resolved not to alter in any point of substance, for
favour or merit of any particular peison ; yet, having consideration of his
extraordinary desert, was pleased to grant to him, his heirs and assignes, for
ever, the entire territory or country of Imshowen, otherwise called O'Dog-
hertie's country, with all the hereditaments thereof, possessed either by Sir
7ohn O'Doghertie or his son, the laie traitor Cahev O'Doghertie deceased
(except such lands as were to be allotted to the Bishop of Derry, and the se-
veral incumbents within the said country, and looo acres for the c^ty of
Derry) together with the custody of Culmorc-castle, within the said country,
for life." Accordingly, by patent, dated February 22d, 1609, he had a grant
thereof, to hold by fealty, and the yearly rent of 86/. \is. id. Engli^h, mak-
ing of Irish money 115/. ic^. id. halfpenny, with a power of holding four
several courts leet within the island of Inche, the territories of Tuogh-Cron-
cine and Tuogh-Clagh, the manor of Greenecastle, otherwise Newcastle, and
the island of Malyne; a Friday market and two fairs, on the last days of Au-
gust and April at Boncranocha ; a Monday market and two fairs, on Se|)-
tember 30th and April lit, at Greenecastle; a fair October 2oih at Dronge,
in the island of Malyne ; to divide the territory into precincts, each to con-
tain about 20C0 acres, with free warren, and man> other privileges and great
advantages. And this was confiimed anew bv o'her letters jatcnt, dated
July 6th, 1610; also October 24th, i6rq, he was confirmed constable of Cul-
more fort, which April 9th, i6ii,he surrendered to the King Further Ja-
nuary 14th, 1610, he had a grant of the castle of Dungannon, and 1320 acres
of escheated lands witliin that precinct, and other hereditaments of great
value in the province of Ulster; his L irdsiiip holding certain fishings, &c.
within the limits contracted ibr by the King with the city of London, volun-
tarily surrendered the same to his Majesty, without which the said city could
not have had the full benefit of the King's contract with thtrii, and conse.
quently the intended plantation in these parts had not so well goiie forwards
if the said surrender had not been made ; who, in consideration thereof, by
privy seal, dated it Westminster, February 3d, 1611, and by patent, Ji.ly 3;,
1615, granted, during his life, and those of Arthur his nephew, and Arthur



Rot. pat. Cane. Ao. 70. 2 y. d R. 3.



183 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

lasting mark of his favour (upon the calling of his first parlia-
ment in Ireland) did by letters patent, bearing date at West-

Langherne, Esq. the enteitainment of 4j. zd. English by the day as captain,
and Qi. for nine ho; cni.'n, lo employ them where he should think fit during
his life, and afterwards to be resident in the territory of Inishowen, and to be
employed upon all necessary occasions for his Majesty's service there, and
not elsewhere, unle s it were at every general hosting; * 13 James I. he sur-
rendered this patent, and had it renewed August zgth, 1616; + the said patent
was surrendered, but it was not so beneficial to him as the King intended, in
respect and recompence of the said lands and fishings in the said deed under-
neath mentioned; and therefore his Majesty, as well in consideration thereof,
as of the long and many great and faithful servicer done and performed to the
crown by him the late Deputy, to his Majesty's great contentment and satis-
faction, directed by letters, dated at Theobald's, July 15th, 1616, and en-
rolled, X th^t he and his assignes, during the lives of himself, his said nephew,
and Arthur Langherne, son of John Langherne, Esq. should have the said
entertainment for himself and horsemen, without cheaque, with the manage-
ment and command of the said horsemen, to be paid by the vice treasurer,
during the said time, notwithstanding that his Lordship, or his assignes,
during all or any part of the time and term aforesaid, should not accomplish
the said fuU number of horses and horsemen, and the patent passed accord-
ingly, August 29th, 1616, the pay tocommence October ist, 1611. TheKing
also by warrant, dated at Salisbury August 8ih, 1620, ordered an effectual
grant or grants to be made by patent, of all the estates he possessed by virtue
of any foimer grants, in consideration of his manifold, great, and good ser-
vices, as well during the time of his government as deputy for many years, as
in other his employments ; and accordingly two distinct patents were passed,
bearing date November 20th, 1621, confirming all his said estates, which were
very large ; the former whereof contained (among others) the manor, fort,
town, and lands of Dungannon (where he had built a fort 120 feet square,
■with four half-bulwarks, encompassed by a ditch twenty feet broad, and
counterscarped ; a large church and steeple, twenty houses, after the English
manner. Sec. which was made a borough-town, and sends members to parlia-
mentj the barony or territory of Enishowen ; all islands within the loughs or
arms of the sea, called Loushswilly and Loughloile; the manors, castles,
and tuoghs of EUagh, Greenecastle, Doncranagh, Sec. the ferry upon Lough-
foile, plying between Greenecastle and Termonmagillegan ; four salmons
every day during the season out of the salmon fishing of Culmore; the right
of patronage, presentation, and advowson, of the rectories and vicarages of
Movill, Culdagh, Clonca, Donaghclantagh, Clanmony, Diserteigny alias
Dristerteighny, Fathan alias Fawen, and all of other churches whatsoever in
O'Doghertie's country ; with the premises erected into the manors of Dun-
gannon, Ellagh, Greenecastle, alias Newcastle, Duncranagh, and Malyn.
The latter grant contained the castle or mansion-house, town and manor of
Belfast; the territories of Tuoghnefall, Tuoghmoylone, Tuoghcinament,
Carnemony, Carnetall, and Monk's-Land ; the rectory of Sankill, and all
other rectories, &c within the said territories ; the entire dshing of the river



* 130 J;.c 1. 1 a p. D. R. 37- + 14'^. I a p f. R. 2:

1 Idem.



LORD FISHERWICK. 187

minster February 23d, l6l2, " create him Baron Chichester of
Belfast, entailing the honour on his issue rnalej and accompanied

Lagan; the rectories of Antrim, Glyn, Moyvliske, Templepatrick Durien,
Dundermott, Rois'oilike, Doughconnor, Kilrovvte, Ballynemenagh, Domovv-
lagh, Dunien, Donoughconner, and Kilroigh; the friary of Masseryne ; the
entire fishing of Loughsidney, Loughneagh, or Lough-chiches'er ; and in ihc
river Banne to the Salmon-Leap, &c. &c. in the counties of Antrim, Downe,
Tyrone, and Londonderry, erected into the manors of Belfast, Ballynlinny,
Moylynny, and Castle-Chichester. King Charles L being informed, that the
fishing and soil of Loughneagh, oiherwise Lough-Chichester, was so com-
modious for upholding the fishing of the Banne (then come into his hands)
that the governors of the London Plantation were necessitated to faim the
same, at icc/. a year ; and whereas the Viscount Chichester had compounded
with the commissioners for the remedy of defective titles (among other
things) that he should surreader to the King the soil and fishing of the said
Lough; his Majesty, by letters from Hampton-Court, September 24th, 16.^8,
authourized the L. D. to accept of a surrender thereof, with all rectorial
tithes, and advowsons of churches, within the island Magee, and the advow-
son of Maherahohill in the county of Antrim : and in consideration thereof,
to grant and confirm to him, his son Arthur, and their heirs, by a new patent
upon the commission of grace, all their other estates whatever in Ireland ;
and also the rectoral tithes of the parish and advowson of the vicarage of
Shankhill, otherwise Belfast, in lieu of the island Magee ; and in lieu of the
fishing ot Loughneagh, to grant to them and their heirs a rent cliarge of 40 /.
a year English, with liberty to take salmon in the said Lough, for provision
of their house or houses ; and all the eel wears and eel fishings in or near
Toome Also, that the Deputy should unite the whole island of Magee into
one parish, and dispose of the said tithes for the benefit of that church and
the college there, for bettering the means of the vicar, and the founding of
lectures, as should seem most fit. Accordingly, to this purpose the letters
patent of King Charles I. dated September zid, 1640, were passed to Edward
Viscount Chichester, and his son Arthur, and the heirs and assignes of the
said Arthur, with the creation of several lands into the manor of Joymount;
and Ring Charles II. February ist, 166S, not only confirmed the same, but
separated the lands of Ballynefeigh fioni the manor of Joymount, and an-
nexed them to ih.it of Belfast, &c. Lodge.

The said Sir Arthur, by assignment from Sir Edmund Fitzgerald, was
also possessed of the friary of Franciscans in the town of Carrickfergus, on
the site of which he erected a castle in i6io. Mon. Hib. p. 4

u The preamble. Cum status et salus regnorum nostrorum atque adeo
omnium rerum publicaruin poena et pra^mio contineatur, quorum alterum
legibus permittere, alterum nobis reservare, atque pro nieritis et quaiitate per-
sonarum librata et solicita manu distribuere et conferre consuevinous, ut non
solum benignitas nostra, sed etiam judiciuin et delectus probetur ; perpetuo
nobis curse est subditorum nostrorum digniorum et eminentiorum virtutes et
merita noscere et perpendere ; satis enim scimus in honoribus distribuendis
adliibito judicio ne per niniiam facilitatem honores vilescant, aut e contra per
nimiam parcitatem et anxietatem hominum industrias hebescant et langues-
cant, tam splendorem regii culininis augeri et difFundi, quam praestantium
virorum mentes accendi ad virtutem. Cum igitur inter plurima et summa
beneficWi quibus favor divinus nos afiecerit et cumiilaverit, illud libcntur ag-



188 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

the patent with a letter, written by himself from Newmarket,
March 4th, to this etlect: " As at first you were called by our
election without seeking for it, to this high place of trust and go-
vernment of our kingdom of Ireland, and have so faithfully dis-
charged the duties thereof, that without any desire of yours on
that behalf, we have thought fit to continue you in that employ-
jiient these many years beyond the example and custom of former
times; so now we are pleased merely of our own grace, without
any mediation of friends, without your suite or ambition, to ad-
vance you to the state of a Baron of that kingdom, in acknow-
ledgement of your many acceptable services performed unto us
there; and that you, and all other ministers of state, which serve
us wheresoever, may know by tlie instance ot this our favour to
you, that we observe and discern their merits, and accordingly do
value and reward them," &c, ^

He continued in the government ten years successively 3 in
the last of which he had occasion for all his great abilities, to
mana>ye the most stubborn parliament that ever was in Ireland ;
which met on Thursday May 18th, l6l3, and with which he
prevailed to attaint the Earls of Tiroen and Tyrconnel, Sir Caher
O'Doghertie, and others; to make an act of recognition of the
Kino^'s undoubted lawful right and title to the crown of Ireland ;



roscimus, quod regnum nostrum Hiberniae, insulse post Britanniam, omnium
insulavum occidentalium maximae et amplissimas, et pulclienin.as coeli et soli
felicitate et foecunditate affluentis et insignis; sed nihilominus per multa jam
ssecula perpetuis seditionum et rebellionum fluctibus jactatae ; iiecnon super,
stitioni et barbaribus moribus, praesertim in provincia Ultoniae, addictae et
immersae; temporibus nostris recreavimus, et tanquam refecimus, subactis
rebellibus, atqueaucto et lepurgato culfu tarn divino quam humano- Cumquc
in hac parte elucescant omnino meiita et servitia dilecti et fidelis nostri Ar-
thuri Chichester militis, deputati rcgni nostri Hiberniae praedicti ; nos igitur
prudentiam, integritatem, fortitudinem, atque etiam feiicitatem ejusdem Ar-
thur! Chichester militis, nobiscum matura considerantesdeliberatione ; quod-
que ipse ex antiqua et clarissima familia ortus sit, quodque magna et bona
variac militiae fama jamdiu floruerit ; quodque per octo annos integios quibus
gubernacula regni nostri Hibernia2, sub auspiciis et consiliis nostris tracta-
verit, se virum strenuum, et integrum, et casium praebuerit, ac praecique, quod
proximam et ultimam rebellionem prediti et famosi proditoris Cahir O'Dog-
hertie in provincia Ultoniae, dubiis et periculosis temporibus, cum relliquiae
et scintillas veterum malorum reviviscere putareiitur, atque statim per omnia
conflagratuiac, nisi principiis obviam initium fuisset, magna virtute et pros-
perimo successu profligaverit et extinxerir, ii;so Cahir O'Doghertie in acie
occiso, de gratia nostra speciali, &c. Rot pat ao. 100. Jac. I. 4.. p. D. R.

^ Rot. 10 ct I i. Jac. 1.4a. p. D.R. 27.



LORD FISHERWICK. I89

another, for the King's general and free pardon ; and to give his
M.ijeity a subsidy; to which he was rated the sum of 200/. In
this parliament (designed to make and establish a full and firm
reformation in Ireland) many jealousies were conceived by certain
members, and complaints thereupon laid before the King in their



Online LibraryArthur CollinsCollins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical → online text (page 17 of 56)