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mendet dilectus noster Gulielmus Grimston de Gorhambury in agro Hert-
fordensi Armiger, non interrupta Linea a Silvestro Grimston de Grimston in
agro Eboracensi crtus, qui Gulielmum Conquestorem Expeditione sua in
Angliam comitabatur, ejusque vexillifer fuerat in piaslio insigni apud Hast-
ings, ubi parta Victoria, totum Rcgnum in principis illius ditionem redactum
est ; a quo Silvestro ad prsedictum Gulielmum Grimston longa progenitorum
series extitit invicto in patriam amore, et inconcussa erga Reges suos fide.
Insignes inter hos eminuit Edwardus Grimston Eques auratus a secretis
Regni conciliis, et rationum publicarum Ca/eti inspector, qui, urbe Cal/i's red-
dita, turrem propugnavir, et non nisi fame victus, hostium se permisit fidei :
Hujus Edwardi Pronepos Harbottle Grimston Eques Auratus et Baronettus,
magnus ilie artium liberalium et literarum humananim Maecenas et exem-
plar, in restaurationeCaroli secundi in patriam et Solium Avitum magna pars
fuit ope et concilio : Dein Regni Piaefectus. In celeberrimi hujus vi.i nomen,
familiam et virtutes successit proefatus Gulielmus Grimston, Pronepos hsres-
que non degener, qui atavorum meritis hoc addidit proprium, ut in difficilli-
mis temporibus, cum successio nostra in haec regna periclitaretur, stienuum
se juris nostri bonique publici propugnatorem praestaret. Sciatis igitur nos, in
perpetuum regii nostri favoris erga ilium et ejus posteros indicium, creasse,
&c. (Rot. Cane. Anno j Geo. 1. i. p. f.J

n Lords' Jour, vol ii. p. 612.

o Having a quarrel with Sarah Duchess of Marlborough, the spiteful old
lady endeavoured to make him riviiculous by repiinting a juvenile play of his.
See WalpeU's Royal and Noble Authors, bj Park.



222 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

May 1st, 1736^ gentleman-usher to the Princess of Wales, which
he resigned in October 1737, and May 10th, 1740, succeeded Sir
William Wynne as standard bearer to the gentlemen pensioners,
of which band he was appointed lieutenant in May 1749J in
1750 changed his name to Luckyn by act of parliament, and is
long since deceased.

Fourth, George, born August 12th, 1714, was made October
13th, 1729, gentleman usher to the Prince of Wales j married in

April 1744 the daughter of Clover, of Hertfordshire, Esq.

^nd had two sons of the name of Edward, both deceased.

Fifth, William, born January 3d, 1719'

Jane, born December 20th, \7\S, married in August 1 743 to
Thomas Gape, of St. Albans, Esq. ; and Frances, born September
1725.''

Sir James, the second Viscount, was born October 9th, 1711,
married Mary, daughter of John Askell Bucknall, of Oxney in
the county of Hertford, Esq. and deceasing of the gout December
15th, 1773, was buried in St. Michael's church St. Albans, having
had issue by her, who was born April 28th, 17l7>3rid died in Au-
gust 177s, three sons and tive daughters, viz.

First, James Bucknall, who succeeded to the title.

Second, William (who has taken the name of Euchiall), born
June 23d, 1750, representative in the British parliament for the
borough of St. Albans j married, February 7lh, 1783, to Sopliia,
daughter and coheir to Richard Hoare, of Baram in Essex, Esq.
by whom he has issue.

Third, Harbottle, born April 14th, 1752.

Jane, born September 10th, 1748, married, October 6th, 1774,
to Thomas Estcourt, Esq.

Mary, born May 28th, 1753, married April 3d, 1777, to Wil-
liam Hale, of Walden in Hertfordrshire, Esq.

Susanna Askell, born September 2Sth, 1754, married, Fe-
bruary 15th, 178I, to John Warde, of Squerries in Kent, Esq.

Frances Cooke, born March 27th, 1757.

Charlotte-Johanna, born September 10th, IJog.'^

Sir James Bucknall, the third Viscount Grimston, and first
Lord Verulam, was born May 9th, 1747 j his Lordship repre-
sented the county of Hertford in the British parliament. July
28th, 1774, he married Harriot, only daughter of Edward Walter,
of Stalbridge in the county of Dorset^ Esq. by Harriot, daughter

f Ulster's Office. ? Idem.



LORD VERULAM. 223

and coheir to George, Lord Forrester, ^ and by her Ladyship, who
died November 7th, 1786, had issue.



h This surname has been assumed from an office, as Stewart, Durward,
Constable, and others were, whioh their bearing, viz. three hunting horns,
seems to confirm. The principal family appears to be this of Forrester,
whose ancestor, Sir Adam Forrester, citizen of Edinburgh in the 6th of Ro-
bert II. acquired the Barony of Corstorphin, from Sir William More, of
Abercorn, whence his successors took their designation. Upon the acces-
sion of King Robert III. to tlie throne, anno 1390, he was constituted lord
privy-seal. * In the 2d of the said King, he was commissioned to treat with
certain English commissioners for maintaining the peace betwixt the two
realms, f Likewise, in 1405, he was a second time one of the commissioners
authorized to treat with the English, about composing of certain differences
betwixt the two kingdoms. + By Margaret his wife he had issue.

Sir John, his son and heir, who being a man of good parts, was, anno
1421, named lord privy-seal to Murdach Duke of Albany, governor of Scot-
land, ^ and in 1423, he was with William Bishop of Glasgow, George Earl of
March, John Montgomery of Ardrossan, Patrick Dunbar of Beill, and Wil-
liam Borthwick of that ilk, sent commissioners to England to treat with that
state, about the redemption of King James I.|| Upon that King's return
home, anno 1424, he was constituted master of the household, I and lord high
chamberlain of Scotland. ** After which, in 1428, he was named a com-
missioner with divers others, to treat with the English about a peace. Thus
much for his civil actions. His works of piety were these; the founding a
chaplainry at the altar of St. Ninian, within the church of St. Giles of Edin-
burgh, " pro salubri statu serenissimi Frincipis Jacobi I. et Joannse sponsae
suae ; et pro salute anima quondam Adas Forrester de Corstorphin, Militis,
Patris mei et Margarets matris mese," to which he mortified, " sex libras
tredecem solidos, et quatuor dcnarios de tenemento suo in dicto Burgo.'' +t
Likewise, he doted a sufficient subsistence for three Chaplainries in the
chapel of St. John the Baptist, contiguous to the parish church of Corstor-
phin, founded by Sir Adam Forrester his father, J:{: which in the year 1429,
he erected into a collegiate church, and procured the annexation of several
lands and tithes thereunto. He married Jean, sister to Henry Sinclair Earl of
Orkney ; ^^ and departing this life about 1440, was interred in the church of
Corstorphin, under an arch, with the portraiture of himself and his wife, as
big as tlie life in free stone, without any monumental inscription but a coat of
armi : he had issue.

First, Sir John, his successor.

Second, Henry Forrester, of Oxgang-



* Mr. Rymer's Faedera Anglise. + Ibid. J Ibid.

§ Charta in Rotulis Murdaci Ducis Albania.

II Rymer's Fa^dera Anglise.

I Charta in Rotulis Jacobi I- ad annum 1424.

*• Ibid, anno Prasdicto. tf Ibid. H Ibid.

§^ Charta Confirmationis Jacobi I. de impignoratione quam Henricus

Comes Orkadiie fecit delecto fratre suo Joanni Forrester de Corstorphin militi

in 1424,



224 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

First, James Walter, born September 26th, 17/5.
Second, Harriot, born December 14th, 1776 ; and.

Third, Jean, married to Sir Robert Maxwel, of Carlavcrock,* ancestor t»
*e Earl of Nithsdalc.

Fourth, Elizabeth, to Sir Alexander Lauder, Knight. +

Which Sir John obtained a grant from King James I, of the lands of
Blackburn in Linlithgowshire, upon the resignation of Sir Robert Cuningham,
of Kilmaures, anno 1424, wherein he is designed, " filio ct heredi apparent!
Joannis Forrester de Corstorphin Militis Camerarii Scotia." He was suc-
ceeded by

Archibald Forrester, of Corstorphin, who by Margaret his wife»
daughter of Hepburn, of , had J

Alexander, iiis son and heir, in whose favour he resigned his estate
anno 1482, reserving a life-rent to himself. He had to wife Margaret,
aughter of Sir Duncan Forrester, of Gairden, master of the household in the
reign of King James IV. ^ by whom he had

Alexander Forrester, of Corstorpliin, his son and heir, who married
Janet, daughter to Lauder, of Hatton, || by whom he had

Sir James, his son, wlio succeeded him; but he dying without male
issue, anno 1587,11 his estate fell to

Henry his brother, who marrying Helen, daughter of Preston,

©f Craigmiliar in vicecomitatu de Edinburgh, ** by her he had,

George, his son and heir, who was first created Baronet by King
Charles I. November 27th, 1625, and thereafter Lord forrater, July zzil,
1633. f f He married Christian, daughter of Sir William Livingston, of Kil-
syth, by whom he had several daughters, viz.

Helen, married to William Lord Ross.

Margaret, to John Shaw, of Sornbeg.

, to Hamilton, of Grange.

Jean, to James Baillie, of Torwood-head, son of lieutenant-general Wil-
liam Baillie, in whose favour my Lord Forrester resigned the honour, and to
the heirs of their body, which failing to his other heirs therein specified,
which was ratified by King Charles 1 1, anno 1651, but he having no issue by
her, the honour by virtue of the said entail, came to

William Baillie, alias Forrester, of Torwoodhead, his brother, third
Lord Forrester, who married also Lilias, the youngest daughter of George
Lord Forrester, by whom he had

W I L hi A.M,/our[/j Lord forrw/fr, who departed this life, anno 1705, leaving

issue by his wife, daughter of Sir Andrew Birnic, of Saline, one of the

senators of the college of justice,

George, y?/>A Lord Forrester, who went into the army, signalized him-
self in the government service at Preston, in Lancashire, anno I7i£, and was
made colonel of the fourth troon of horse-guards.



* Charta in Rotulis dicti Regis.
+ Ibid. t Ibid.

§ Ibid. II Ibid.

H Charta in Cancellaria supremae Dominas Nostra; Reginas ad annuna
1587.

** Charta in Rotulis Jacobi VI. +t Charta in Registro.



LORD VERULAM. 225

Third, Charlotte, born January ]6th, 1778.'

Jamrs Walter succeeded to the Scotch Barony of Lord For'
tester, in Octobpr, 1808, on the death of Baroness Forrester, and
succeeded his father as ll,scount Grimston and Lokd Verulam,
on December 30th, 1808.

His Lordship married on August 11th, I8O7, Lady Charlotte
Jenkinson, daughter of Charles, late Earl of Liverpool, and has
issue

A son, born Febroary 20lh, 180().

Titles. James Walter Grimston, Viscount Grimston, Baron
of Dunboyne in Ireland, Baron of Verulam in England, and Lord
Forrester in Scotland.

Creations Baronet March 2d, l628, 4 Car. L; Viscount
Grimston, and Baron of Dunboyne in the county of Meath, June
3d, 1719, 5 Geo. L J Baron of Verulam, July pth, 1790 3 and
Baron Forrester, l663.

He married Charlotte, daughter and co-heiress of Anthony Row, Esq. of
the county of Oxford, by whom he l)ad two sons and two daughters.

First, George, his heir.

Second, William.

Kis daughter Caroline married George Cockburn, of Ormiston, Esq.
•omptrolierand one of the commissioners of the navy, who died 1770.

Harriot, married Edward Walter, Esq.

He was succeede^l by his eldest son,

George, sixth Lord Forrester, who dy'm^ without issue, was succeeded
by his brother,

W^ I L L I A M, seventh Lord Forrester, who was a captain in the royal navy,
but dying unmairied, anno 1748, he was succeeded by his next heir male, and
first cousin,

John (son of his uncle John) who became seventh Lord Forrester, and
died unmarried 1763.

He waj succeeded by Caroline, his aunt, Baroness Forrester- She died
1784, and was succeeded by her only child,

Anne, Baroness Forrester, who died unmarried in October iSc8.

The honour then devolved on the Hon. Jam es Wal t er Grimston-,
grandson of Mrs Harriot Walter, as above, who thus became Lord Forrester,
and is now also Viscount Grimston, and Baron of Verulam.

Arms. Quarterly, first aud fourth argent, three buffalo's horns sable,
stringed gules, for the name of Forrester ; second and third azure, nine
mullets or, for Baillie.

Crest On a wreath, a talbot's head erazed argent

Suppoiters. Two talbolsof the last

Motto. Spero.

Chief Seats. Were at Torwood in the shire of Stirling, and Corstorphine,
within two miles of Edinburgh.

i Ulster's Office.
VOi. VIII. *



226 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth argent, on a fess, sable,
three mullets of six points pierced, or, and in the dexter chief an
ermine spot, for Grimston, second and third argent, three buffalo's
horns sable, stringed gules, for Forrester.

Crest. On a wreath, a stag's head couped, proper, attired, or.

Supporters. The dexter a stag, reguardant, proper, attired,
as the crest. The sinister a gryphon, reguardant, or.

Motto. Medfocria firm a.

Chief Seats. Gorhambury in the county of Hertford, twenty-
two miles from London j and Messing-Hall, otherwise Baynard's-
Castle, near Colchester in Essex, forty-four miles from London.



LORD DOUGLAS.



227




ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, LORD DOUGLAS
OF DOUGLAS.



His Lordship was adjudged by a final decree of the house of
lords, in l/Sp* to be son and heir of Sir John Stewart, of Gran-
tully, Bart, by Lady Jane Douglas, sister of the last Duke of
Douglas, and nephew and heir to the said Duke, who died in
1761 ; on which his dukedom became extinct; and his marqui-
sate and other titles devolved on his next heir male, the Duke of
Hamilton. (See title Brandon, vol. i. p. 51]).

" If a long train of illustrious ancestors,'' says Douglas in his
peerage, " distinguished by the highest titles, and connected with
the most august and noble families, in Europe, can make any
name remarkable and great, there is no subject can plead a higher
claim than the Douglas ; but it is the least part of the glory of
this family, that it has been honoured with alliances by marriage,
into the first rank of nobility in Scotland, England, and France,
even with crowned heads, having matched eleven times with the
royal house of Scotland, and once with that of England: that
besides the honours conferred on them by their own sovereigns,
they have been Dukes of Turenne, Counts of Longuevillcj and
Marshals of France. They were more distinguished by their virtue
and merit than by their titles and opulency, and the lustre of their
actions outshone the splendour of their birth. Hence we see
them leading the van of our armies in Scotland ; supporting, by
their valour, the kingdom and crown of France, tottering on the
head of Charles VIE when reduced to the last extremity by the
bravery of the English; raising the siege of Danbrick, for which
they had the highest honours conferred upon them ; conquering



228 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

the Saracens in Spain ; with many other acts of military glory,
that have made this family renowned through all the corners of
Euroiie, for which we must refer to onr historians."

William de Douglas, was created Dominus de Douglas, by
King Malcolm Canmore, 1057.

His son, Sir John, dying about 1 145, was succeeded by his
son.

Sir Wii LiAM, whose son,

Archibald, was a man of vast estate, and in great favour
with King Alexander II., he died about 1240. His son.
Sir William, died 12/6. His son,

Hugh, distinguished himself at the battle of Largis, under
King Alexander III and conquered Haco, King of Norway, who
had invaded Scotland, 12u3.

His brother and heir, William, was called TViliiam. the
Hardy : he was the companion of the valorous exploits of Sir
William Wallace J was governor of Berwick, 12^5; and would
never swear fealty to the English, who took him prisoner, and
kept him seven years in captivity, in which situation he died in
England, 1303. His son,

James, Lord Douglas, called The Good, was one of the most
eminent heroes of his time, and laid the foundation of the future
greatness of the house of Douglas. " The Saxon families," says
Walter Scott, '' who fled froai the exterminating sword of the
conqueror, with many of tlie Normans them.selves, whom dis-
content and in'estine feuds hdd driven into exile, began to rise
into eminence on the Scotish borders. They brought with them
arts both of peace and war, unknown in Scotland ; and among
their descendants we soon number the most powerful border
chiefs. Such, during the reign of the last Alexander, were
Patrick, Earl of March, and Lord Soulis, renowned in tradition ;
and such were also the powerful Comyns, who early acquired the
principal way upon the Scotish marches. In the civil wars
betwixt Bruce and Baliol, all those powerful chieftains espoused
the unsuccessful party. They were forfeited and exiled ; and
upon their ruins was founded the formidable house of Douglas.
The borders, from sea to sea, were now at the devotion of a suc-
cession of mighty chiefs, whose exorbitant power threatened to
put a new dynasty upon the Scotish throne. It is not my inten-
tion," he adds, '' to trace the dazzling career of this race of
heroes^ whose exploits were alike formidable to the English, and



LORD DOUGL\S. 229

to their «!nverei::n." =» This J;imes, Lord Douglas, was a constant
adl)eiMit ti) Kng Rob' rt Biuce. In June ] JI4, he commanded
the left wing oftlie Sv^otish army, at the battle of Bannockburn.
He was waidm of the marches towards England. He it was
who undertook a journey to Jerusalem with King Ro ert's heart,
in contbimity to a vow made by that monarch ; in w hi^■h service
he fell J for having interred the heart at the Holy S-^pulchre, he
joined the King of Arragon against the inridcls, and was killed in
Spain, August '3l^t, 1331, after having bren thiricen times victo-
rious agdnst tl)e Turks and Saracens. For this str\ ice he had
added to his armorial bearing, a>gent, a man's heart, gules, eri'
sign d will nji itn pi-rial crown, proper. He died without legiti-
mate i^sue; but his natural son is said to have been progenitor of
some con^ideraole families of the name in France.

His brother anJ heir, Hugh, an inactive man, was succeeded
by his nephew,

William, (son oi Archibald, his brother, who lost his life in
the service of his country, at the battle ot Haliuon-hill, 1333.)
This Wiliiam was created EarZ of Douglas, 1340\ hi 1356, he
was at the battle of Poictiers, where he narrowly escaped being
taken prisoner by the Black Prince. " Upon the death of
David n." Piiikerton says, " he unexpectedly claimed the crown,
as uniting in himself the dubiou'^ pretensions of Comyn, and the
solid title of Balio!. Yet the claim was no soone- made than
withdrawn Our elder historians assert that the strong interests
of the Enrls of Dunbar and Murray, and the yet stronger of Sir
Robert Erskine, keeper of the castles of Dunbarton, Edinburgh,
and Stirling, appearing decided for the Steward, induced Douglas
to resign his expectation ; while the historians of the house of
Douglas ascribe the desertion of the claim to its own friends."
He was, in 1373, appointed custos marchiarum, with power to
settle all debates between the Douglases and Percies of Northum-
berland : he died 1384.

Genealogists give him three wives, by each of whom he had
a son.

First, Margaret, sister and sole heir of Thomas, Eail of Mar,
by whom he had

James, son and heir.

Secondly, Margaret, daughter of Patrick, Earl of March, by
whom they say he had

» Minstrelsy of Scotch Bord. vol. i. p. 6.



230 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Archibald the Grirn, third Earl, but whom Sir David Dal-
rymple contends to have been an usurper.

Thirdly, Margaret, daughter and heir of Thomas Stuart, Earl
of Angus, by whom he had

George, first Earl of Angus of that name,

James, second Earl of Douglas, was that memorable warrior,
who fell in the celebrated battle of Otterburn, on July 3 1st,
1388. " 1 die, like my forefathers," said the expiring hero, " in
a field of battle, and not on a bed of sickness. Conceal my death,
defend my standard, and avenge my fall ! It is an old prophecy,
that a dead man shall gain a field, and I hope it will be accom-
plished this night." ''

Archibald the Grim, (his half-brother, according to most
authors,) succeeded as third Earl of Douglas ; he died 1400, and
was succeeded by his son

Archibald, ybwr^A Earl; he was a man of distinguished
valour, and had the command of the Scotch forces sent to the as-
sistance of France against the English, for which Charles VII.
invested him with the duchy of Turenne, and made him Marshal
of France, He fell in the battle of Vernoil, August /th, 1425.

His son, Archibald, w^?, fifth Earl. " There cannot," says
Pinkerton, " be a stronger proof of the ignorance of our early
writers, concerning the reign of James II. than their assertion that
the powerful Earl of Douglas was neglected, while it is known
from authentic records, that he held the high office of lieutenant-
general of the kingdom, and even summoned a parliament He
died 1439, and was succeeded by his son, a youth, whose years
did not exceed fourteen, and were too immature to support the
dignities of his father." 1

This son was William, sixth Earl. " The power of the
house of Douglas," according to Pinkerton, " nad arisen to a
formidable height, and was, during this reign, to contend with
the royal authorities. Galloway, Annandale, and other extensive
territories in Scotland, the duchy of Touraine and lordship of
Longueville in France, rendered to the chief of that family revenues
perhaps equivalent to those of the Scotish monarch. The young
Earl, now in his sixteenth year, possessed the impetuous spirit
and haughtiness, natural to his age and fortunes. His highest

b See a minute and interesting account of this battle in Pinkerton's very
valuable and recondite History of Scotland. See also the ballads and notes
in Percy's Reliques, and Scott's Minstrelsy,



LORD DOUGLAS. 23 i

title, that of Touraincj which a weak regency had permitted the
house to assume, and which impolicy had not applied to the
French King to discontinue, emboldened the Douglas to regard
higaself as a foreign Prince, independent of the laws of his country.
The prudence of age might have induced a concealment of pomp
and power, from the fear of envy and danger j but, in the arro-
gance of youth, William, Earl of Douglas, displayed a constant
train of one thousand horse, and a dazzling magnificence in his
household ; nay, he would even create knights, and hold courts
in imitation of parliaments. The Chancellor, who by his office
was chiefly cliarged to see the due execution of the laws, was irri-
tated at the insults offered to them by the power of Douglas. In-
stead of bearing with the young Earl's insolence, in the hopes
that a few years would infuse moderation and prudence into his
conduct; instead of secretly raising the King's influence with the
court of France, that the foreign titles and possessions might be
withdrawn from the family, Crichton resolved to cut otfthe Earl
and his brother ; a measure, which might perhaps have admitted
some apology, had they been advanced to maturer age ; tor it
seems strictly equitable that an opposcr, who is above the proce-
dure of justice, may be sacrificed to the laws, without any proce-
dure of justice; but which, while we consider the tender age of
the oftenders, must be pronounced unjust, murderous, and tyran-
nical. Nay, v\ hen the consequences are seen, this act will appear
weak and impolitic, and will incur the bitterest charge of depra-
vity, that of ineflectual guilt. By plausible invitations and
flatteries, William, Earl of Douglas, his brother David, and Mal-
colm Fleming of Cumbernauld, a faithful adherent to the family,
were inveigled into the castle of Edinburgh, and after an insi-
dious entertainment, and a brief and desultory trial, were be-
headed. The Earldom of Douglas fell to his uncle, the next heir
male,

James, Lord of Alercorn, surnamed The Gross, who became
seventh Earl, a prudent and peaceable man, but who unfortu-
nately enjoyed his title only two years, and left a turbulent
son,

WiULiAM, the third of that name, eighth Earl. The unen-
tailed estates of Galloway, Wigton, Balvcnic, Ormond, and Annan-
dale, were inherited by Margaret, sister of the murdered Earl,
commonly called the Fair Maid of Galloway , who wedded her
cousin, the third V/illiam, hereby restoring the house of Douglas
to all its power. The want of wisdom in the government, upon



232 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

this occasion, exceeds all belief; but it is easier to commit «
murder, than to perform an action of common prudence, and
Crime ought never to infer ability. Margaret was apparently a
ward of the crown ; at any rate, the new Earl, William, and the
heiress, were within the degrees of consanguinity, and she was
forced to apply secretly to the Pope for a dispensation, which not



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