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the manors of Boreham, Rokeland, Felton, Heldynglee, Friston,
and Exset in com. Sussex ; also the manor '^ of Stewton, wilh the
appurtenances in com. Lincoln, in which y<'ar he was one of the
knights ' deputed by the parliament 3 who, with the two arch-
bishops, and the principal nobility and clergy of the realm^ signed
that memorable letter to Pope Clement VIL desiring his Holi-
ness to comply with the King in his divorce, threatening, that if
he refused (considering the two universities of England, the uni-
versity of Paris, as well as many others in France, and what almost
all men of learning, knowledge, and integrity, both at home and
abroad, have determined to be true, and are ready to defend in
their discourse and writings) they can make no other construc-
tion of it, but that the care of themselves is committed to their
own hands, and that they are left to seek their remedy elsewhere.
In 29 Hen. VIIL he was summoned, am.ong those of the court,
to be present at the christening of Prince Edward "^ at Hampton
Court. In 31 Hen. VIIL he had, for his good service?, " a grant
of the manor of Aciiston in Sussex 3 and the following year, being
comptroller of the household, ° was also constituted constable of
the Tower of London, with a fee of 100/. per ann. during his
life 3 likewise, on the 22d of May, installed one of the knights
companions of the most noble order of the garter; in which year
he was also appointed chief stev^^ard of all the honours, castles,
manors, &c. in com. Sussex, forfeited by the attainder of Thomas
Cromwell, Earl of Essex, with power to appoint a deputy, and
the same day and year had a grant of the stewardship of all the
liberties, privileges, and franchises of the Archbishop of Canter-
bury, and of all and singular lordships, manors, lands, &c. of the
said archbishop, during the minority of Henry, Lord Bergavenny.
In P 34 Hen. VIIL he was a principal commander in the expe-
dition made into Scotland : and the monastery of Combewell,
alias Comwcll, with the possessions thereunto belonging, in com.
Kent, '1 was granted to him for his services; and in the fjllowing
jrcar the King authorises Sir John Gage, comptroller of his house-
hold, to keep and retain, in his service, from time to lime, forty

i Billesignate, 12 April, 22 Hen. Vtll.

^ Ibid. 23 Juiiii. 1 Rymer's lasd. torn. xiv. p. 407.

Ill Strype's Memorials, vol ii p. 5.

n Biile fisnate, 14 Feb. 31 Hen. VI 1 1.

o Pat. 3i Hen. V;il. p 3. P Hall's Chron. fol. 254 b-

q Privit. Sigil 26 /\pril, 34 Hen VHI.



LORD GAGE. 255

persons over and above his usual attendance. ■" He was then em-
ployed as one of the ambassadors for concluding a peace with
Scotland ; ^ which was brought to an end, the 1st day of October
1542, at Newcastle j thereupon he was soon after, in two com-
missions with the Lord Audley, Lord Chancellor ; Thomas, Duke
of Norfolk, Lord Treasurer j Stephen, Bishop of Winchester 3
Thomas, Bishop of Westminster 3 and William, Lord St. John ;
the one, for redeeming and ransoming prisoners between England
and Scotland ; the other, for concluding ' a treaty of marriage
between his son, Prince Edward and Mary, the Scotch Qneen.

He was much in favour with King Henry VIIL who shewed
his esteem of him, in causing his picture to be drawn (among
others his warriors and favourites) by the famous Hans Holbein,"
to adorn his court gallery, which yet remains in the possession of
the crown. His Majesty also left him a legacy of 200/, in his
last testament, and therein appointed him, "^ with the Earls of
Arundel, Essex, &c. to be of the council, and aiding and assisting
to his executors and his son. Prince Edward, for the good estate
and prosperity of the realm.

In the 3 Edw. VI. he subscribed the proclamation against the
Duke of Somerset, the Protector; and in the same reign, his style
imong the Knights of the Garter > was, " Du tres valiant Chr.
Mons. John Gage, Coneslable de la Tovvre de Londres, et Chr.
de i'ordre de la jarritierre."

In 1 Mary, upon Sir Thomas Wyatt's rebellion, Sir John
Gage, Lord Chamberlain,'' stood at Charing Cross with the
guard, and others, to the number of a thousand men, in order to
oppose Wyatt's passiiig that way to the city, and some shot were
exchanged between the parties ; yet Wyatt proceeded to Ludgate ;
where, being refused admittance, he endeavoured to return to
Westminster, but at Temple Bar was again attacked by some
horsemen (who had before engaged him) and taken prisoner.
In 1 and 2 Philip and Mary, his style among the Knights of the
Garter, was, " Du tres valiunt Mess, John Gage Chr. du tres
noble ordre de la jarritiere, chamblayne de la maison de la royne
nre soveraigne et Constable de la Tours de Londres."

He continued to be lord chamberlain of the household, and

r Privit. Sigil. 22 Mail, 35 Hen VIII.

s Rymer's Feed, torn xiv p. 7X6 t Ibid p. 792.

u See it engraved in the Holbein Heads by Chamberlaine.

X Rymer's Feed, torn, xv p. 177

y E. Lib MS. devit Mil. Gar: in Museo Ashmole notat. 1118.

z Stow's Annal'd, p 621.



254 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

constable of the Tower of London, till his death ; and, though iu
a very advanced age, retained a sound judgment to the last, as his
testament shews, which bears date ^ February 20th, 1555, and
the probate thereof, June 10 following j wherein, " He wills his
body to be buried in the parish church of West Firle (near unto
the place where his wife lieth), with such moderate funeral ex-
pences, as are used for personages of his calling and degree ;
also, thatxl5. be distributed in alms to poor people, that shall
come thither^ by vid. doles, and xl^. to xl, parishes 3 for the pay-
ment whereof, he orders his executors to sell his collar of gold, of
the order of the garter ; but his blue mantle of the order he pre-
sents to the college of Windsor.

He further wills ; that the profits, and revenues of the par-
sonage of Ascham in com. Salop, of the yearly value ofxi/. v*.
should be applied (except \vl. per ami. which he gives to the vicar)
for the maintenance of a chantry in West Firle for evermore,
charging his executors to prepare a convenient and decent place
in the church for that end, and find a priest to minister divine
service for evermore, and principally for the Queen's Highness ;
and for her most noble progenitors, heirs, and successors, and
then for him the said Sir John Gage, and Philippa, his v^ife; his
ancestors, and all Christian souls; which chantry priest and his
successors, being obedient and serviceable to his heirs and suc-
cessors, should have meat, drink, and lodging, in his mansion-
house of West Firle.

" He moreover wills, that the parson of the parish church of
Crr.bhnuse in Norfolk, should have the tythe of a certain field,
called Peterfield, part of the said domains of Crabhouse j the
said parson, or Vicar, and their successors, praying for him by
name, in their parish church, at high mass time, every Sunday
for evermore.

" He bequeaths many legacies to his servants, and appoint.s
Edward Gage, his son and heir, and John Carrdl, Esq. executors,
giving to the former all his plate, jewels, ready money, goods, &c.
in full trust and confidence, that he maintain and leave the same
to John Gage his son, and heir apparent ; or, if he die before him,
to such his heir male as shall enjoy his mansion house at Firle,
that he may thereby be able with the said stock, furniture of his
house, and revenue of his lands, to maintain, and keep hospita-
lity ; without which stock and store of household stuff (a sche-

2 Ex regist. voeat. Kitchin qu. 9.



LORD GAGE. 255

dule whereof is annexed) he fears they will be greatly hindered in
their living, and not able to furnish his house without danger of
decay, the which he charges his said son, Edward Gage, always
to provide for, and foresee^ as his trust and hope has always been
in him."

This Sir John was buried (according to his desire) at West
Firle, April 28th, 1557 ; and, by the order of his said son Ed-
ward, a goodly tomb of jasper stone and marble, is erected to his
memory, and thereon the effigies in full proportion, of a Knight
of the Garter in armour, in his collar of SS's and George; as also
his Lady, in the dress of the times, both lying on their backs, with
their hands elevated ; at his feet a ram j at her's the crest of her
family, and against them, on a brass plate in the wall, under their
arms, in a garter, is this inscription in Roman capitals :

Hie jacet Johannes Gage preclari Ordinis Garterii miles,
quondam constabularius Turris London : Cancellarius Du-
catus Lancastrie, Dominus Camerarius Hospicii Regine
Marie, ac unus de privato Concilio ejusdem Regine j et
Philipa uxor ejus, qui obierunt anno Dni. 1557.
Quorum Animabus propitietur Deus.

And round the verge of the tomb is as follows :

Scio quod Rederaptor mens vivit, et in novissimo die de terra
surrecturus sum, et rursum circundabor pelle mea, et in
carne mea videbor Deum Salvatorem raeum.

Quern visurus sum ego ipse, et oculi mei conspecturi sunt,
et non alius, reposita est haec spes mea in situ meo. Job,
cap. xix. ver. 25.

This Sir John Gage had, by the said Philippa, his wife, who
was dnnghtei to Sir Richard Guldeford, one of the Knights of the
Garter, four stins, Edward, James, Robert, and William ; like-
wise four daughters, Alice, married to Sir Anthony Browne,
Knight of the Garter, (ancestor to the present Viscount Montagu) ;
Anne, wife to John Thatcher the elder, of Priestshaw's in Sussex,

Esq. ; , wife of Jennings; and , married

to William Baynam, in Clowerwall in com, Glouc, Esquires.

Of Edwaid Gage, the eldest, I shall treat hereafter.

James, the second son, was seated at Bentley in Sussex, v/liose
descendants flourished also at Wormsley in com. Hertford.



256 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Robert Gage, the third son, was seated at Haling in Surrey, and
left two sons, Robert, who died in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, for
the cause of Mary Queen of Scots ; and John Gage, ^ of Haling,
Esq. father (among others) to the famous Colonel Sir Henry Gage,
Knt. who, during the rebellion in the reign of King Charles I.
was governor of Oxford, and twice relieved Basing House, fight-
ing his way through the enemy with notable advantage, but in
the end was unfortunately killed at CuUum bridge, January 7th,
1644, aged forty -seven years, being shot through the heart with a
musket ball : Lord Clarendon gives this character of him ; '^ He
was, in truth, a very extraordinary man, of a large and very grace-
ful person, of an honourable extraction ; his grandfather (his
great grandfather it should be) having been Knight of the Garter:
besides his great abilities and experience as a soldier, which were
very eminent, he had very great parts of breeding, being a very
good scholar in the polite parts of learning ; a great master in the
Spanish and Italian tongues, besides the French and the Dutch,
which he spoke in great perfection, having scarce been in Eng-
land in twenty years before. He was likewise very conversant in
courts, having for many years been much esteemed in that of the
Archduke and Duchess Albert, and Isabella at Brussels, which
was a great and very regular court at that time ; so that he de-
served to be looked upon as a wise and accomplished person. Of
this gentleman, the lords of the council had a singular esteem,
and consulted frequently with him, whilst they looked to be be-
sieged, and thought Oxford to be the more secure, for his being
in it. The King sustained a wonderful loss in his death, he being
a man of great wisdom and temper, and one, among the very {ew
soldiers, who made himself to be universally loved and esteemed."
He was bnried in Christ Church Cathedral in Oxford, being at-
tended to the grave '^ by Prince Rupert, the Duke of Richmond,
the lord treasurer, the lord chamberlain, secretaries, comptroller,
the lords of the privy-council, and most of the nobility and
gentry in Oxford, and most of the great commanders, with the
vice-chancellor and mayor of Oxford, with their several trains,
the heralds at arms, &c. with this inscription over him : '^



a Of this branch was Thomas Gage the author of Tbe Survey of the West
Indies, 164S. See Censura Literaria, vol iv. p. 263, &c.

b Life of Sir Henry Gage, Knight, 410. p 20, where see the history of
tke life and actions of this great man at large.

c Le Neve's Monumenta Anglicana, vol. i. p. 217.



LORD GAGE. 15J

P. M. S.

Hie situs est Militum Chiliarcha

Henricus Gage, Eques Auratus, Filius ac

Haeres Johannis Gage de Haling, in Agro

Suriensi Armigeri, pronepos Joh'is Gage,

Honoratissimi Ordinis Periscelidis Equitis,

In Belgio meruit supra Annos xx in

Omni Praelio et obsidione Bergliae ad

Zomam, Bredae, ac praecipiie S. Audomati ; ex

Belgio ad M. Britt, Regem missus attulit armorum

VII. M. Missus cum imperio Bastalii ^des

Expugnavit mox Basingianis praesidiariis

Commeatu interclusis, Strenue, re jam

Desparata, Suppetias tulit. Castmm Bam-

buriense cum Northamptoniae Comite

Libcra\ it, hinc Equestri dignitate Or-

natus hostcs denuo Basinga fugavit.

Jamque Gubernator Oxon. creatus^ cum

Ad Culliami pontem in hostes jam tertio

Milites audacter duceret, plumbe-a trajectus

Glande occubuit die xi Jan. 1044.

^tat. 47, funis solemni luctu prosecuti principes^

Proceres, Milites, Academici, Gives Oes Dolorem

testati ex desiderio Viri, ingenio lin-

guar. peritia, gloria militari, pietate, fide &

Amore in principem, & patriam eminentissimi.

Hanc memoriae Epitomen, posuit illi pietas moer. lug. q; fratris

Georgii Gage.

On a small stone under the monument :

jEterna Caducis

praepone.

The fourth son of Sir John, was William, who died without
issue.

Sir Edward Gage, before-mentioned, the eldest son and heir
of Sir John, was made one of the Knights of the Bath by Queen
Mary, in the life-time of his father. He was a pious, sober, ju-
dicious gentleman, as appears by his last will made at Firle, De-
cember 17th, 1566, when he was in perfect health j and he lived
upwards of two years after.

By which testament, " He bequeaths bis body to be buried

VOL. vm, s



258 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

in the parish church of Firle, and that two-penny doles be distri-
buted to such poor people as would resort to his burial ; also, that
his executors cause several sums of money, therein named, to be
given to poor householders of many adjoining parishes.

" He further wills, that his executors provide a decent stone
to be laid on his good father and mother, with the pictures of
them and all their children, with these holy words engraven on
brass, *■ credo quod redemptor meus vivit, et in novissimo die de
terra surrecturus sum, et in carne mea videbo Deum salvatorem
meum.' Likewise, that they provide a decent gravestone to lie
on him and his wife; all his sons to be kneeling behind him,
^nd all his daughters behind her, with the same holy words to be
engraven on brass,

" He gives to his beloved wife, Elizabeth, her dwelling in
his mansion house at Firle, as long as she remains a widow, and
leaves her the charge of bringing up all her children, except his
heir apparent." And, forasmuch (as he words it) that God had
pleased to send him a gentle and loving wife, which hath long
been coupled with him ; and meaning to provide as well for the
better maintenance of her as for the bringing up and finding
maintenance for her children, " He leaves her several lands, all
her jewels, and three chains of gold she has usually worn ; be-
queathing likewise to his daughters, Margery, Lucy, and Mar-
garet, every of them 500 marks at the day of their marriage, and
to his daughter Phillippa, in consideration of her being the eldest,
and for other reasons, 500/. and 10/. yearly, for their mainte-
nance, till they receive it; also the like annuity of 10/. per ann,
to his sons Anthony, Thomas, George, Edward, Richard, John,
the younger, and Robert Gage, the payment whereof he orders l
out of the rents of his manors and lands in Heighton, Firles,
Hosiers, HoUandale, Compton, Exsett, Friston, Lamporte, and
Egington, or elsewhere in the county of Sussex ; as also his manor
of Crabhouse in Norfolk, and the lands there; and in. West
Dereham, or elsewhere, in the said county, except those appointed
to descend to his heir, by course of inheritance ; and excepting
all such estates before bequeathed to Elizabeth his wife; which
said manors, after his debts, legacies, &c. are paid, he entails on
John Gage, his son and heir, and in defliult of issue male on his
other sons, according to their seniority, and for lack of such issue
of them, on James Gage, his brother; and, on default, on Robert
and William Gage, his brothers ; and, in default of issue male of
them, to such of his .son's daughters, and their issue male.



I



LORD GAGE. 259

" The residue of all his goods, pl.ite, jewels, ready money,
household stuff, &rc. he bequeaths to his eldest son, John Gage,"
in full trust and confidence, that he will maintain, preserve, and
leave the same to his son and heir, and, if he die, to the next heir
male, that God shall cause to succeed him and inherit his mansion
house at Firle, as his good father left it him; and he with the
like charge leaves it to such heir male; whereby he may be able,
with the said stock and furniture of his house and land, to main-
tain and keep hospitality, to serve God, his prince, and common-
wealth ; without llie which stock, he will be greatly hindered in
his living, and not like to be able to keep his house without great
danger and decay, the which he charges his said son, John Gage,
always to provide for and foresee, as his hope and trust is in him.
" He likewise wills and requires, and in God's name charges, his
said sons and brothers, and every the heirs of their bodies, to be
satisfied and contented with this his last testament, and not with-
out great necessities and urgent cause to violate, infringe, or
break it."

This Sir Edward Gage'^ died on the 27th of December 1568,
and was buried on the lyth of January following, in the family
chancel in Firle church, where an altar tomb of marble and stone
is erected to his memory, according to his request; over which is
a brass tablet, fixed in the wall with this inscription.

Hie jacet Edvardus Gage Miles, et
Uxor ejus Elizabetha, qui obierunt
Anno Domini 1569, '' Quorum animabus
Propitietur Deus.

And round the verge,

Scio quod Redemptor mens vivit, Src.

Elizabeth his wife was daughter of John Parker, of Willingdoii
m Sussex, Esq. i^by his wife Joan, daughter of Sir Richard Sack-
ville, of Buckhurst in Sussex, Knight, ancestor to the present
Duke of Dorset, and the Viscount Sackville) j their issue were
nine sons and six daughters, viz.

First, John, the eldest son and heir.

Second, Anthony, born June 25th, 1540, and died January
3Ist, 1567, without issue.

c Wotton"s Ba:cnet3ge, vol. i. p-^ii- * Ibid. vol. v. p. 387-



200 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Third, Thomas, born January 27th, ]54l, of whom hereafter.

Fourth, George.

Fifth, Edward, born April 19th, 1549, who married Margaret,
third daughter of John Shelley, of Michel-Grove in Sussex, Esq.
and had a daughter, Elizabeth, married to Sir John Stradling, the
first Baronet of that family.

Sixth, Richard.

Seventh, John.

Eighth, Robert.

Ninth, Henry, born October l6th, 1555.

Agnes, born January l6th, 1547, who being provided for in
her father's lifetime, by marriage, on November 19th, 1566, to
Edward Stradling, of St. Donat's Castle, com. Glamorgan, Esq.
(but afterwards knighted) is not mentioned in her faiher's will, ^

Phillippa, married to Edmund Saunder, of Charlewood, in
Surrey, Esq. son ^ and heir of Sir Thomas Saunder of the same
place, Knt.

Mary, born September the 18th, 1550, married to James
Thatcher, Esq. 1

Margaret, born June 5th, 1352, betrothed, November 17th,
1569, to Anthony Kemp, Esq.

Lucy, who is believed to have died unmarried ; and

Margaret, born June 1559, ^"d was the wife of Henry
Darell, Esq.

John Gage, Esq. the eldest son, was s thirty years old at his
father's death, and heir to fifteen manors, with divers messuages,
lands, &c. in the county of Sussex 3 the manors of Burstow, and
Hedge Court in Surrey; also that of Crabhouse in Norfolk : he
married two wives, but leaving no issue by either of them, the
estates descended to his nephew John, son and heir of his brother
Thomas. He lies buried amtmg his ancestors at Firle, under an
altar tomb of alabaster and marble (adjoining to that of his father),
on the top whereof are the portiaitures in brass of himself in
armour, between his two wives, in the dress of the times, with
the before-mentioned verse, from 25th chap. Job, underneath 5
and over them, against the wall, this inscription in Roman
capitals :

e It is probable that she died before her father, as she is omitted in his
r,ili ; as alio, in the Saunder pedigree, Phillippa is called the eldest daughter.
f MS. pedigree of Saunder, penes meips.
g Cole's Esch vol v. in ihi British Museum.



LORD GAGE. 26l

Hie jacet Johanes Gage, Armigerj et duse Uxores ejus,
Elizabetha et Margaretta, qui obierunt Anno Domini
Milesimo quingentesimo nonagesimo quinto.
Quorum Animabus propitietur Deus.

And in a niche, at the front of the tomb,

Johannes Gage, qui hie jacet, fecit haec monuraenta.
Anno Domini, 1595.

The said Thomas Gage, his brother, was born January 27th,
1541, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Guldeford,
Knt. and, deceasing in the year 1 5Q0, was buried at Fide, as a
grave stone shews, whereon are the figures, in brass, of a gentle-
man in armour, with his wife by him ; as also the effigies of a
son and two daughters, infants, kneeling in a praying posture,
and underneath them this memorial :

Hie jacet Thomas Gage Armiger, et Uxor

Ejus Elizabetha, qui obierunt iVnno Domini

Milesimo Quingentesimo Nonagesimo, qui

Habuerunt unum filium, et daas filiasj

Quorum Animabus propitietur Deus.

His two daughters were ; Mary, married to Sir Thomas Pcr-
dage, Knt. ; and Elizabeth, to Cressacre More, of More Hall,
otherwise Gobions, in Hertfoidshire, Esq. great grandson of Sir
Thomas More, Chancellor of England.

Sir John Gage, the son,Jirsi Baronet, succeeding to the estates
on the death of his uncle as above observed, was advanced to the
dignity of a Baronet of England, by letters patent, bearing date
March 26th, 1022. He married Penelope, widow of Sir George
Trenchard, of Wolverton in Dorsetshire, Knt. third daughter and
(after the death of her only brother Thomas) coheir to Thomas
Darcy, Earl Rivers, by Mary his wife, daughter and coheir of Sir
Thomas Kitson, of Hengrave in com. Suftblk, Knt. This Lady,
Penelope, was a great beauty, but seventeen years of age, when she
was left a widow, and became a very great fortune ; for the lady,
her mother, left her the whole inheritance of the Kitsons, and she
shared (with her sisters) that ot the Darcy's ; and after the death
of her second husband. Sir John Gage, who departed this lifcj



262 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

October 3d, 16^3, and was interred with his ancestors ; she was
thirdly married to Sir William Hervey, ot Ickworth in Suffolk,
Knt. '' but had issue only, by John Gage, viz. five daughters ;
whereof, Frances, was first married to Sir William Tresham, of
Rushton in Northamptonshire, Bart. ; and, secondly, to George
Gage, Esq. j Penelope, wife'of Henry Merry, of Barton in Derby-
shire, Esq. ; Elizabeth, to Sir Thomas Petre, of Cranham in
Essex, Knt. ; and Anne, to Henry Petre, fifth son of William,
Lord Petre : also four sons ; first. Sir Thomas, his successor.

Second, John, of Stoneham in Sulfolk, who died without issue.

Third, Edward, who, being made heir to his mother's inheritance
at Hengrave in Suft'olk, became^seated there, and, having before
received the honour of knighthood, was created a Baronet, July 15,
l6t)2, and from him the Baronets of that branch are descended.

Fourth, Henry, who married Henrietta, daughter to Thomas,
Lord Jermyn, of Rushbrook, and sister and coheir to Henry
Jermyn, Earl of Dover, by whom he had a daughter, Mary, who
became a nun, and one son, John Gage, of Princethorp in Nor-
folk, Er.q.

Sir Thomas Gage, of Firle, the second Baronet, eldest son and
heir of Sir John, died about the year l655, and having wedded
Mary, eldest daughter and coheir of John Chamberlain of Sher-
burn in Oxfordshire, Esq. (who surviving him was re-married to
Sir Henry Goring, of Burton in Sussex, Bart, where she was
buried in l604) had issue four sons and three daughters, viz.

First, Sir Thomas his successor.



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