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Second, Sir John, of whom presently.

Third, Henry, who died without issue.

Fourth, Joseph, of whom more particularly hereafter, as im-
mediate ance^or to the present Lord Gage.

Sir Thomas Gage's daughters were, Frances, married to Sir
Charles Yate, of Buckland in Berkshire, Bart. ; Mary, to Anthony-
Kemp, of Slindon in Sussex, Esq. ; and Catherine, to Walter,
Lord Aston, of Forfar in Scotland.



h We are told this odd circumstance concerning her marriages; that
being at first courted by her three husbands together, who quarrelled about
her, she artfully put an end to their dispute by threatening the firsi aggressor,
with her everlasting displeasure ; by which means, they, not knowing whom
she might choose, (aid the quarrel aside ; and she told ihein humourously, if
they would keep he peace and have patience, she would have them all in their
turns, which happened accordingly, though so very unlikely to turn out.



LORD GAGE. 263

Sir Thomas Gage, third Baronet, eldest son and successor to
his father, died unmarried at Rome, in his travels, November 22,
\6Q0; and in the chapel of the English colJege there, on a
white marble gravestone, is this inscription for him :

D. O. M.

Thomae Gagio Equiti

Baronetto Anglo, Sussexiensi,

Patre, Honoribus, ac Nomiiiibus,

Matre, Nobilitati pari,

Maria Tankervilla

Alias Chamberlana, natoj

Familiae non magis

Generis Claritate,

Quam perpetua Fidei Catholicse

Constantia Principiis

Illustris.

Qui in ipso ^tatis Flore,

Ipsoque in almam Urbem ingressu,

Deo An imam. Corpus Terrse

Inter Gives suos tradidit

XXII Novembris, Anno Domini mdclx.

Johannes Gagius, Eques

Baronettus, carissimo fratri,

Moerens posuit.

He was succeeded in dignity and estate by his next brother.
Sir John Gage, fourth Baronet, who married, first, Mary,
daughter of Thomas Middlemore, of Edgebaston in the county of
Warwick, Esq. ; and on her decease, July 28th, 1086, married,
secondly, Mary, daughter of Sir William, and sister of Sir Row-
land Stanley, of Hooton in Cheshire, Barts. By the former, he
had three sons and seven daughters : whereof only two daughters
survived, and at length coheirs to their brothers, viz. Mary, mar-
ried to Sir John Shelly, of Michel-Grove in Sussex, Bart. ; and
Bridget, wife of Thomas Bellassis, Viscount Fauconberg, and
died November 18th, 1/32, being grandmother to the late
Earl Fauconberg. Sir John by his last wife had issue one
daughter, Mary, wedded to Henry, Lord Teynham, (but she died
without issue) ; likewise three sons, successively Barts. Sir John,
the father, dying May 27th, \QQQ, in the fifty-eighth year of his
age, was succeeded in dignity and estate, by



264 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Sir John Gage, Jlfth Baronet, his eldest son, who survived his
father but about eight momhs, dying in January {^H, aged eight
years, and was succeeded by his next brother.

Sir Thomas Gage, sixth Baronet, who, travelHng in France,
for his farther accomplishment, died there in October 1713> in
the twentieth year of his age, and was buried at Blaye, in the pro-
vince of Guyenne; whereupon the title, and a great estate, "de-
volved upon his only surviving brother.

Sir William Gage, seventh Baronet, born in the year \6g5,
who, renouncing the errors of the church of Rome, was elected
to the last parliament of King George I. as representative for the
town of Seaford in Sussex, for which place he served till his
death. On the revival of the most honourable order of the Bath,
he was created one of the knights companions thereof, on March
27th, 1725, and installed July 17th following j but dying ' un-
married, April 23d, 1744, the English title of Baronet descended
to Thomas, Viscount Gage, of the kingdom of Ireland, to whose
sons Sir William left the bulk of his estate.

We must therefore now return to

Joseph Gage, Esq. fourth and youngest son of Sir Thomas
Gnge the second Baronet, who had his mother's inheritance at
Sherburn Castle ; and her sister, Elizabeth, dying without issue,
he inherited the remainder of what she had not sold, whereby the
castle of Sherburn became the family seat, but was sold, with the
estate belonging thereto, in 1716, to Thomas, Earl of Maccles-
field. He also acquired a great estate by his marriage with Eliz-
abeth, daughter to George Penruddock, of Hampshire, Esq. and
at length heir to her brothers (who died childless) j and she de-
ceasing, December 5th, l6g3, left him two daughters ; Elizabeth,
married to John Weston, of Sutton in Surrey, Esq. ; and Anne,
to Richard Arundel Bealing, of Langherne in Cornwall, Esq. :
as also two sons ; first, Thomas, created Viscount Gage j and,
second, Joseph.

Joseph, the second son, acquired an immense fortune by the
Missisippi schemes in France in the year 1719> but, by the fall
of that bubble the year following, was reduced to poverty, where-
upon he retired into Spain, and being of a very enterprising dis-
position gained himself so much esteem there, that in i727> he
obtained a grant from that crown for working and draining all

i CofFin-PIate.



LORD GAGE. 265

the gold mines in Old Spain, and fishing for all wrecks on the
coasts of Spain and the Indies } he was also in 1741, presented by
his Catholic Majesty with a silver mine of very great value, to
him and his heirs by patent, with the title of Count, or Grandt^e
of the third class; after which, he was constituted general of
his Majesty's armies in Sicily; and in March 17'13, honoured
with the title of a Grandee of Spnin of the first class, and com-
mander in chief of the army in Lombardy, being also presented
by the King of Naples, with the order of St. Gennaro, and a pen-
sion of four thousand ducats a year. He married the Lady
Lucy Herbert, fourth daughter of William the first Marquis of
Powys.

Thomas, Viscount Gage, the e/dest son, was, in consideration
of his great merit, advanced to the peerage of Ireland, " by a
prince, the most distinguished of all the princes of Europe for his
vast capacity, in distinguishing the real merits of his subjects,"
being created Viscount Gage of Castle Island, and Baron Gage of
Castlehar, by privy-seal, dated at St. James's, June 13tli, and by
letters patent, September 14th, 1/20, with the creation tee of
twenty marks.

His Lordship, having at very great expense, and with an un-
remitted assiduity, detected the fradulent sale of the Derwent-
water estate (forfeited to the crown upon thit Enrl's attainder
for treason) the house of commons, on March 31st, 1/32, ordered
their Speaker to give the thanks of that house to his Lordship
for that great service, which were conveyed in the following
speech :

" My Lord Gage,

" The House have come to an unanimous resolution, that the
thanks of the House be given to your Lordship, for the great service
you have done the public in detecting the fraudulent sale of cer-
tain forfeited estates of James, late Earl of Derwentwater ; and
of a forfeited annuity, issuing out of the same, which were vested
in commissioners and trustees to be sold for the public use. And
the manner of your Lordship's making this discovery hath shewn
your disinterested regard to the public service, as the efi'ect of it
may be greatly to the public benefit.

" The applying the forfeited estates to the use of the public
being one of the principal reasons lor making it thereby impos-
sible they should ever be gi en back to the unfortunate families
they once belonged to, the House of Commons could not, with-



266 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

out uneasiness, think of this pretended sale, which has thrown
into private hands, no way allied to the estate, so large a share of
the profit due to the public, with a very low, and almost the bare
appearance only of a consideration for one part, and not so much
as even that for another.

" But your Lordship's seasonable detection of this injurious
transaction will very likely produce justice and restitution to the
public j and for this service your Lordship is now receiving a re-
ward, that, I can answer for your Lordship, yon esteem the
greatest and most honourable you can acquire; and which, my
Lord, will not only remain with you, but will derive a lasting
honour to those who may come after you.

"An honour, my Lord, the House hath always been most
tender of in the way, and for the reason, they confer it upon you j
and, if I may use the expression, is a sort of bounty they have
ever been most frugal of granting. Few are the instances of it;
not that public services have not frequently been performed, but
that the thanks of the House of Commons are never given for
public services, but Avhat are the most eminent, such as that
which your Lordship hath lately done the state,

" I am very conscious how imperfectly I have conveyed the
sense of the House to your Lordship ; but the having no time to
prepare myself for it, must be my excuse. I will only add, that
no one could with greater pleasure obey the order of the House
on this occasion than I do; which is, to give your Lordship the
tha- ks of the House, for your said service to the public ; and 1 do
give your Lordship the thanks of the House accordingly."

In 1721, he was elected to parliament for the borough of
Tewksbury in Gloucestershire, which he continually represented
till within a few months of his death : he was also verdurer of
the forest of Dean in that county ; was admitted a Fellow of the
Royal Society, November 25tb, 1731, and in 17-47^ appointed
steward of the household to Frederic Prince of Wales.

His Lordship had two wives, first, Benedicta-Maria-Teresa,
daughter and sole heir of Benedict Hall, of High Meadow in com.

Gloucester, Esq. : secondly, Jane, daughter of Godfrey,

widow of Henry Jermyn Bond, of Bury St Edmund's in Suffolk,
Esq. By the latter, (who survived till October 8th, 1757) he
had no issue ; but by the former, who died July 25th, 1749, and
was buried at Newland in Gloucestershire, had a daughter,
Teresa, married to George Tasburgh^ of Bodney in Norfolk, Esq.
and two sons.



LORD GAGE. 267

First, William Hall, the second Viscount, and Baron Gage.
Second, Thomas, who was a general in the army, aid colonel
of the twenty-second regiment of foot, and commander m < hi'^f
of his Majesty's forces in North America; who divd Apii: 2d,
J7S8, having marriid, December 8th, 1/58, at Mount Kemble in
North America Margaret, daughter of Peter Kemb.e, E-.q pre-
sident of the council of New Jersey, by whom he has hid six
sons and live daughters ; viz. first, Henr\ , late Viscount ; second,
Willia.n, born at New York, and ditd )^oung ; third, Thomas,
who died an infant; fourth John, born at Ncw-York, December
23d, 1767, married. May 20th, 179J, Mary, daughter and heir of
John Milbanke, Esq; fitth, Thomas, who died young, sixth,
William Hall, born in Park-place, St. James's, Westminster, Oc-
tober 2d, 1777; seventh, Maria-Teresa, born at Montreal, April
4th, 1762, married March 2d, 17U2, James, eldest son of Sir
Alexander Craufurd, Bart.; eighth, Louisa-Elizabeth, born at
New York, December 12h, 17^5, married, February I4lh, ]/Q4,
J. H. Blake, Esq. second son of the late Sir Patrick Blr.ke, Bart. ;
ninth, Harriot, a twin with John, born at New-York, December
23d, 1767; tenth, Charlotte- Mary, born in Duke-strtet, St.
James's, August Igth, 1773 ; and, eleventh, Emily, born in Park-
place, St, James's, April 25th, 177^) married, August 27th, J8O7
Montague, Earl of Abingdon.

His Lordship departed this life, December 2 1st, 1754, and
was buried among his ancestors at Firle, being succeeded by his
eldest son,

William Hall, second discount Gage, and first Baron
Gage of Firle, and of High Meadow; who, in 1744, was
elected to parliament for the Cinque Port of Seaford (in the room
of Sir William Gage, Bart, and Knight of the Bath) ; at the
general election, in 1754, was again chosen for that place, which
he continued to represent till his advancement to the dignity of a
peer of Great Britain by patent, bearing date October 17th, I78O,
by the title of Baron Gage, of Firle in the county of
Sussex.

His Lordship was also paymaster of his Majesty's pensions
and bounties, and F. R. S.

On November 1st, 179O, liis Lordship was created Baron
Gage of High Meadow, com. Gloucester, with a collateral re-
mainder to the issue male of his late brother. General Gage.

His Lordship was married, February 3d, 1757, to Elizabeth,
youngest daughter of Sampson Gideon, Esq. and sister to the pre-



268 PEERAGE OF ENGIAND

sent Lord Eardley; but her Ladyship died, July 1st, 17S3, aged
forty-four, '' without issue.

And his Lordship deceasing October 11th, IJQlj was suc-
ceeded in all the honours except the Barony of Gage ofFirle, by
his nephew

Henry, third Viscount Gage, and second Lord Gage of
High Meadow, who was born at Montreal in Canada, March
4th, 1761, and entering into the army, attained before his death
the rank oi viojor-general.

His Lordship married, January 12th, 1782, Susanna Maria,
only daughter and heir of the late Colonel William Skinner, and
grand-daughter of the late Sir Peter Warren, K. B. ; and dying
January 28th, 180S, aet. forty-seven, was succeeded by his son

John Hall, present and fourth Viscount Gage, and thikd
Lord Gage of High Meadow, born December 14th, 179I.

Titles. Sir John Hall Gage, Baron Gage, of High Meadow, and
Baronet, English honours 3 also Viscount Gage, of Castle Island,
and Baron Gage of Castle Bar, in the kingdom of Ireland.

Creations. Baront-t, Murch 26th, 1622, 24 Jac. I ; Viscount
Gage, of Castle Island in the county of Kerry, and Baron Gage,
of Castle Bar in the county of Mayo, 14th Sept. 172O, 7 Geo. I, ;
and Baron Gage, of High Meadow in the county of Gloucester,
November tst, 179O, 31 Geo. HI.

Arms. Per saltire, azure and argent, a saltire, gules.

Crest. On a wreath, a ram statant, proper, armed and un-
guled, or.

Supporters. Two greyhounds, proper, ducally gorged, gules.

Motto. Courage sans peur.

Chief Seats. At High Meadow in the county of Gloucester,
and at Firle and Lewes, both in the county of Sussex.

t Coffin Plate.



LOUD GREXVILLE. 239




GRENVILLE, LORD G RENVILLE.

William Wyndham Grenville, Lord Grenville, is third
and youngest brother of the Marquis of Buckingham. He was
born October 25, IJoQ, and educated at Oxford, where he was
distinguished for his classical attainments.

Thence he removed to London to study the law; but soon
quitted the bar for the senate^ and entered into the political career
of his cousin, William Pitt.

His industry and acquirements, added to strong natural parts,
soon made him of consequence in the house of commons. He
was the able coadjutor of the minister; firm to his post, and in
full possession of all his faculties. If he wanted the brilliant elo-
quence of his relation, he possessed more minuteness of know-
ledge, and accuracy of detail. The routine of office was almost
hereditary in him. He seemed to have imbibed all the ideas and
habits of his father, George Grenville, even though he was a child
at the death of that persevering statesman.

William W. Grenville was elected Speaker of the House
OF Commons, January 5th, 1/89, on the death of Charles VVol-
fran Cornwall.

He held the high office only till jVLiy 8th, following, being
then appointed Secretary of State for the Home department,
which he quitted for the seals of the Foreign department, in May,
1791, which latter he held till the secession of his colleague, Pitt,
in February ISOl.

He filled this important station, during one of the most ar-
duous and gloomy periods of our history, with industry, talent,
and skill. It was a function for which his natural and acquired



270 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

powers in many respects were well suited. He was skilled in the
detail of the politics of Europe 5 he had studied deeply the law of
nations; he was acquainted with modern languages; he could
endure fatigue ; and had not an avocation or a pleasure to inter-
rupt his attention. He loved business like his father; it was not
merely the result of his ambition, but his amusement ; the flowers
of imagination, or the gaieties of society never seduced him astray.
Deeply intent on his calling, his whole soul was wrapped up in it.
There was nothing to dissipate his ideas ; and he brought his
mind to bear on the subject before him with its full force.

On November 25tb, lygo, he was created Lord Grenville.

On the death of Mr. Pitt, to whom he had for some time been
in opposition, he was appointed Premier, and had an act of par-
liament to enable him to hold the ofBce of auditor of the Exche-
quer, with that of first lord of the Trea ury.

The extraordinary combination of heterogeneous ingredients,
which formed this administration, (in which Mr. Fox became
Lord Grenvilles secretary of state !) lasted but a little while.

His Lordship married, July 18th, 1792, Anne, sister and at
length sole heir of Thomas Pitt, second Lord Camelford, by whom
he has no issue.

His Lordship was elected Chancellor of the University of Ox-
ford on the death of the Duke of Portland, I8O9.

Title. V/illiam Wyndham Grenville, Lord Grenville of
Wotton in Buckinghamshire.

Creation. By patent, November 25tl), l/QO.

Arms and Crest. The same as the Marquis of Buckingham,
with a mullet for difference,

, Supporters. Same as the ISIarquis of Buckingham, except
that the lion is parti per fess embattled^'and each supporter has a
collar charged with roundles.

Motto. EXEMPLA SUORUM.

Chief Seat, Dropmore^ Bucks.



LORD DOUGLAS,



271




ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, LORD DOUGLAS
OF LOCHLEVEN.

(EARL OF MORTON IN SCOTLAND.)

The first of this collateral branch of the illustrious family of
Douglas, was

Sir James Douglas, of Louden, Knight, who in the first of
King Robert the Bruce, anno 1306, had a grant from that Prince
of the lands of Kincavel and Calderclear, and to his heirs. -^ He
left issue two sons,

First, Sir William Douglas, Lord of I/ydsdale, who, for his
bravery, was called, The Fiower of Chivalry, and died without
issue, anno 1353, and,

Second, Sir John Douglas, captain of the castle of Lochleven,
under King David IL who in the minority of that King strenu-
ously defended that fort against the English, who oftener than
once assaulted it, for which service to his country, the historians
of that time have not been wanting to transmit such a character
of him to posterity, as his merit deserved.

By Agnes Monfode, his wife,'' he had issue.

First, Sir James Douglas, of Dalkieth, his son and heir.

Second, Sir Henry Douglas, of Lugton and Lochleven, progC'
nitor to the present Earl of Morton, and.

Third, Nicholas, of whom the branch of the Douglases of
Mains, '^ in the county of Dunbarton.



a Chaita pene5 Comitem de Morton,
b Ibid c Ibid.



272 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Sir J \MEs succeed' d his father in his paternal estate, and his
uncle the Lord Lydsdale, in the baronies of Dalkieth and Aber-
dour j and the rest of his fortune, which was of great extent and
value, whereby he came to be placed among the first rank of the
greater Borons. Remarried, first, Agnes Dunbar, daughter to
the Earl of March, •' by whom he had.

First, Janes, his son and heir.

Second, William Douglas, designed of Mordington, •=

Likewise ihree daughters; Janeta, married to Sir John Ha-
milton, ofCalziou; ^ Agnes, to Sir John Livingston, of Calendar 3 5
Margaret, to Philip Arbuthnot, of that ilk ; ^ next, Giles, daughter
of Walter, lord high steward of Scotland, widow both of Sir
David Lindsay, of Crawford, and of Sir Hugh Eglington, of that
ilk, ' by whom he had no issue.

James, Lord Dnlkieth, his son, married the Lady Elizabeth
Stewart, daughter of King Robert IIL ^ by whom he had

James, his successor.

And after he-r death, Janet, daughter of William Lord Borth-
wick, by whom he had

William Douglas, the first of the house of Whitingham. '

Which James married, first, Maigiret, daughter of James

Earl of Douglas ; and after that Elizabeth, daughter of

GifFard, of Shireffhall, by whom he had

First, James, thereafter Earl of Morton.

And, second, Henry Douglas, first of Corhead ■" and Lang
Niddry.

Which James was, by the special favour of King James IL
raised to the dignity of Earl of Morton, in parliament ,on the 14lh
of March, 1457. " He married the Lady Jane, daughter of King
James L Dowager Countess of Angus, " by whom he had

John, his successor, who married Janet, daughter of

Crichtonj of Cranston Riddle. By her he had,

First, James, his son and heir.

Second, Richard Douglas, Esq.

d Charta penes Comitem de Morton.

e Ibid. f Ibid, ad annum, 1388. g Ibid. 1381.

h Ibid 1372, » Ibid.

k Charta penes Comitem de Morton, Roberti tertii dilecto filio sue Jacob*

Douglas, filio et ha2redi jacobi de Douglas, Domini de Dalkieth et sponsaf

suas Elizabethse, filias nostra carrissima^, ad annum 1402.

1 Ibid. '» Ibid " Ibid,

o Charta in Pub. Arch.



LORD DOUGLAS. 278

Elizabeth, married to Robert Lord Keith -, and Agnes, to Alex-
ander Lord Livingston.

Which James married Catherine, natural daughter of King
James IV. by whom he had three daughters;

Margaret, married to James Earl of Arran, thereafter Duke of
Chattlerault,

Beatrix, to Robert Lord Maxwell,-

Elizabeth, to James Douglas, brother to David Earl of Angus,
and son of Sir George Douglas, of Pitteudrich.

This Earl having no male issue of his body, made an entail of
his estate and honour to Robert Douglas, of Lochleven, a male
relation of his own, which was ratified by a charter under the
great seal of King James V. anno 1540, p But after the death of
that King, the Earl having it still in his power to alter that desti-
nation any time in his own life, thought fit actually to change the
settlement, and to make a new conveyance of his estate and
honour to James Douglas, his son-in-law ; by virtue of which he
came to enjoy both on the death of the old Earl, in 1553.

In 155S, this James, fourth Earl of Morton, was one of the
peers who entered into a bond of association to promote the refor-
mation of religion, and the year thereafter was sent ambassador to
England to treat with Queen Elizabeth, about the maintaining a
firm and lasting peace betwixt the two crowns, when he esta-
blished himself so much in the favour of that Princess, that her
friendship was never in any degree diminished toward him till his
dying day.

After Queen Mary returned home from France, in 1561, her
Majesty made choice of the Earl as one of her privy-council, and
in less than a year thereafter, he was sent ambassador to the Queen
of England, in which negociation he behaved himself with great
prudence and dexterit}', insomuch as upon his return he was pre-
ferred to be Lord High Chancellor ; and he continued in the office
till, March 20th, 1565, he was deprived, and forced to flee to
England, for alleged accession to the murder of David Rizio, the
Queen's French secretary : but in a short time thereafter, by the
mediation and interposition of the Earl of Bothwell, he obtained
his pardon, which he paid dear for afterward; for that Earl
thought by this favour to bring the Earl of Morton over to his
interest ; but he soon found himself mistaken. For though he
had all duty and gratitude to him as a friend, yet the wicked Earl

p Charta penes Comitem de Morton
TOL. VIII. T



37-* PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Bothwell did no sooner propose to him the design, and craved his
assistance, towards the murder of the Lord Darnley, the Queen's
husband, as a piece of service which would be very acceptable to
her Majesty ; but he conjured him to lay aside the thoughts of so
base and unworthy an enterprize, and which would be attended
with so much infamy and danger : and when he could not pre-
vail in that point, in testimony he did abhor so detestable a design,
he left the court, and reiiied to the country, when that bloody
and barbarous tragedy was to be acted. And I think the Earl of
Morton's circumstances at this time cannot but be pitied ; for if
he had revealed the Earl of Bothwell's design of taking away the
King's life, it had cost him his own ; and his concealing it then,
brought him to die upon a scaffold many years thereafter.

After the murder of King Henry, when the nation, both pro-
testants and papists, began to be alarmed with the Queen's mar-
riage with the Earl of Bothwell, who was thus shrewdly suspected
as the murderer of her former husband, and the danger the young
Prince was in by such an union, the Earl of Morton was one of
the most forward among the nobility, who entered into an associa-
tion for the preservation of the Prince j and when the Queen re-
signed the government, to the end her son might be invested in



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