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sagacity, fitted him to preside over a court of equity with many
advantages. He never felt himself fettered bv forms and tech-
nicalities 5 but laid the case bare at once, and got at its essence.
His head was not formed to be diverted by little difficulties or so-
fa There were some doubts whether he was not married in early life to a
daughter of Dean Lynch of Canterbury, by wliom he had a son Charles, who
died a student at Cambridge. He had three daughters by another lady, of
whom the eldest married Colonel Samuel Browne, of the York L. I. Vo-
lunteers, one of the assistant secretaries to the commander-in-chief.



286' PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

phistries. On the other hand, he was frequently too impatient,
too dogmatical, and too little open to persuasion, and to all the
complicated bearings of an entangled cause. ?Iis temper was
severe, his feelings morose, and his disregard of the world and
even its innocent passions and foibles, too general and unsparing.
He made little allowance for a ditFerence of habits or pursuits. On
the whole, however, he was a man of a superior mind; and in
many respects filled his high station with great and deserved re-
putation."

He was succeeded in the second peerage by his nephew^ Ed-
ward, the present and second Lord Thurlow.

His Lordship was born June 11th, 1/81, and is eldest son of
Thomas Thurlow, late bishop of Durham, who died in 1791- He
is patentee of the bankrupts-office, and clerk of the custodies of
idiots and lunatics in possession ; one of the clerks of the Hanaper,
and one of the prothonotaries of the court of Chancery in rever-
sion. He is unmarried.

Title. Edward Thurlow, Lord Thurlow of Thurlow, in Suf-
folk.

Creation. By patent, June 12th, 1/92.

Arms. Argent on a chevron cotised, sable, three port-cuUises,
with chains and rings, argent.

Crest. On a wreath, a raven close, proper, with a port-cuUis
hung round its neck, argent.

Supporters. Two eagles reguardant sable, a portcullis hung
round each of their necks, argent.

Motto. JUSTITI-E SOROR FIDES,

Chief Seat.



LORD AUKLAND.



28/




EDEN, LORD AUKLAND.



The first we find of this family, which has been resident for a
considerable time in the bishopric of Durham, is,

John Eden, of Belsis in Durham, Esq. who had a grant of
the arms, which the family now bear, and married Elizabeth,
daughter and coheir of William Lambton, of Lambton in Durham,
Esq. by whom he had issue

Robert Eden, of IVest AiiMand, living 1575, who married
Jane, daughter and coheir of John Huton, of Hinwick in Dur-
ham, and had issue

John Eden, Esq. who died about 1625, leaving issue by
Margery daughter of Welbury, of Castle-Eden in Dur-
ham, Esq.

Col. Robert Eden, of IVest Auhdand and IVindleston, who
died about Christmas l6(52, and was buried at St. Helen's Auk-
land, having married two wives: first, Anne, daughter and
coheir of Matthew Bee, of Northumberland, Esq. ; secondly,
Dorothy, daughter of Sir William Wray, .of Bemish in Dur-
ham.

By his first wife he had.

First, John.

Second, Robert, of Branspeth, who married a daughter of
Delaval.

Third, Anne, married to William Svvinborne, of Newcastle.

By the second he had.

Fourth, Alexius, who married a daughter of Wray,

and died without issue.

Fifth, Catherine.



288 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

John, the eldest son, died l675, and was buried in St. Helens
Auckland : he married Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Laton,
of Laton, in Yorkshire, Knight ; she died about iSsSj by whom
he had.

First, Sir Robert, the first Baronet.

Second, John Eden, a merchant, in Newcastle, who married

Elizabeth, daughter of Hendmarsh, of Little Bentley, and

left issue, a son and two daughters.

Third, Laton Eden, rector of Hartborne in Northumberland,

■who married a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Johnson, of , by

whom he had several sons and daughters.

Fourth, William Eden, who died unmarried.

Sir Robert Eden, the Jirst Baronet, represented the county
of Durham in parliament for many years, temp. Car. IL "Will,
IIL and Anne. He married Margaret, daughter and heir of John
Lambton, of the city of Durham, Esq. by whom he had issue
eight sons.

First, Sir John, his successor.

Second, Robert, living in 1/''^1, a bachelor.

Third, William, deceased.

Fourth, Thomas, D. D. prebendary of Durham, and rector of
Winston, in the bishoprick of Durham, by the donation of the
Lord Crew, late bishop of that diocese ; he married Dorothy,
daughter to the Lord Viscount Downe, of the kingdom of Ire-
land, and relict of Robert Shafto, of Whitworth, Esq. She died
without issue, November, 1/34.

Fifth, Lambton, who died an infant.

Sixth, George ; seventh, Henry j and eighth Lambton, who
all died unmarried.

And several daughters ; first, Margaret, who died 1727> un-
married ; second, Catherine ; third, Elizabeth, married to Mat-
thew Whitfield, of Whitfield in the county of Northumberland,
Esq. ; fourth, Anne ; fifth, Hannah, married lo James Mickleton,
of the city of Durham, Esq. deceased ; and Mary, who died un-
married. Sir Robert died March, 1 720, and his relict, July 2d,
1730.

Sir John Eden, second Baronet, his eldest son and successor in
dignity and estate, represented the county of Durham in several
parliaments, in the reigns of Queen Anne, and King George I.
He married the daughter of Mark Shafto, of Whitworth, Esq. by
whom he had one son.



LORD AUKLAND. 289

Sir Robert, his successor.

Sir John died at the Bath, May 2d, 1728 : he was succeeded
in title and estate by his only son.

Sir Robert Eden, third Baronet, who married. May 8th,
1739, Mary, (who died about 179^) youngest daughter to Wil-
liam Davison, late of Bemish in Durham, Esq. by whom he had
issue.

First, Sir John, his successor, the present Baronet, born Sep-
tember, 1740.

Second, Sir Robert, late governor of Maryland, created a
Baronet, September 10th, 1776, who married Caroline, daughter
and coheiress of Lord Baltimore, and died in I78d, leaving issue.
Sir Frederick-Morton, the late Baronet, who died I8O9, leaving
issue.

Third, Catherine, who married, January 23d, 17/0, the Rev.
John Moore, D. D. late Archbishop of Canterbury, by whom she
had issue, George, M. A. in holy orders, prebendary of Canter-
bury, and rector of Wrotham, Kentj Charles, M. P. for Wood-
stock J Robert, M. A. prebendary of Canterbury, and rector of
Latchingdon, Essex 5 and John.

Fourth, William, now Lord Aukland^

Fifth, Thomas, deputy auditor of Greenwich Hospital, died
in May, 1805, leaving issue eight children.

Sixth, Dulcibella, married to Matthew Bell, Esq. and has
issue, Dulcibella, married her cousin, the Reverend Robert Moore,
M.A.

Seventh, Morton, Knight of the Bath, married Lady Eliza-
beth He:iley, sister to the last Earl of Northington, created an Irish
peer in 1799. by the title oi Lord Henley, and has issue.

Eighth, Mary, married to the Reverend Richard Richardson,
M. A. chancellor of St. Paul's, and rector of Elwick and Wittop
Gilbert, Durham. There were three sons, who all died un-
married.

He was succeeded by his eldest son.

Sir John Eden, the present and fourth Baronet, who, June 26,
1764, married Catherine, daughter of John Thompson, of Kirby-
hall, Yorkshire, Esq. This Lady died without issue, March 12th,
1766, aged twenty-three, and was buried at West-Aukland. Sir
John married, secondly, April 9th, 1767, Dorothea, sole daughter
of Peter Johnson, Esq. recorder of York, by whom he has a nu-
merous family. He long represented the county of Durham in
parliament.

VOL. VIII. U



290 PEERx\GE OF ENGLAND.

William Eden, third son, and younger brother of the present
Baronet, is now Lord Aukland, Having been educated at
Eton, where he formed an intimacy with Lord Carlisle, and other
men of rank, he went to Christ-church, Oxford, and thence to
the Middle Temple, where he was called to the bar, in 1769.
But he made little progress in the lucrative parts of this profes-
sion J and seems to have early turned his ambition to politics.
Hence he obtained a seat in parliament, and, in 1778, accom-
panied Lord Carlisle's diplomatic mission to America, and after-
wards attended as his chief secretary when that peer went lord
lieutenant to Ireland, 178O, 1782. He was sworn of the privy-
council of that kingdom ; and in 1783^ he was also sworn of the
privy-council of England.

In December, 1785, he was named envoy extraordinary, and
minister plenipotentiary to the court of Versailles, for the purpose
of concluding a treaty of commerce between Great Britain and
France, which was accomplished, September 26th, 1 786 ; oa the
15th of January, 1787, he signed, with the Comte de Vergennes,
a farther convention; and, on August 31st following, he con-
cluded and signed with the Comte de Montmorin, a convention
for preventing all disputes between the subjects of their respective
sovereigns in the East Indies.

In October and November in the same year, his Lordship, in
concurrence with the Duke of Dorset, negociated and signed the
declarations which were exchanged between the courts of London
and Versailles, relative to the revolution which then took place in
the United Provinces.

In March, 1788, he went as ambassador extraordinary and
plenipotentiary to the court of Spain ; in November, 1789, he
was appointed ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to
the States-General of the United Provinces ; and, on the 10th of
December, 179O, he concluded and signed the convention be-
tween the Emperor Leopold, the Kings of Great Britain and
Prussia, and the States-General of the United Provinces, relative
to the affairs of the Netherlands.

For these services he was raised to the Irish peerage by the
title oi Lord Aukla?id, November ISth, 17S9.

He was farther dignified by a peerage of Great Britain, by the
title of Lord Aukland of Aukland, in the county of Durham,
May 23d, 1793.

In 1798, 1799j a"d 1801, he was appointed joint postmaster-
general, and has, at various times, filled other high and lucrative



LORD AUKLAND. 291

offices : but is at present in opposition. He is auditor and director
of Greenwich Hospital, &c.

His Lordship is a man of literature ; a constant debater in
parliament ; of manners well adapted for diplomacy ; and of great
industry, and detailed information. About 1776, he published
Four Letters to Lord Carlisle on Finance, which obtained him
some credit ; ^ and is since supposed to have written some poli-
tical pamphlets.

His Lordship married, September 26, 177^^ Eleanor, youngest
daughter of the Rt. Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliott, ofMinto, Baronet
(father of the present Lord Minto), and by her has issue :

First, Eleanor Agnes, born in London, June Qth, 1777 3 mar-
ried, June 1st, 1799. Robert, Earl of Buckinghamshire,

Second, Catherine-Isabella, born in New York, September
20th, 1778; married, July 22d, I8O6, the Rt. Hon. Nicholas
Vansittart, and died 1810.

Third, Elizabeth-Charlotte, born in London, March 21st,
I780j married, March 31st, 1801, Lord Francis Godolphin Os-
born, brother to the Duke of Leeds.

Fourth, Caroline, born at the Phoenix-Park, Dublin, July
29th, 178I ; married, June 17th, I8O6, Arthur Vansittart, Esq.
late M. P. for Windsor.

Fifth, William-Frederick-Elliott, born in London, January
Igtb, 1782, one of the Tellers of the Exchequer, ^ was drowned
in the Thames early in 1810. He was M. P. for Wookstock.

Sixth, George, born at Beckenham in Kent, August 25th,
1784.

Seventh, Henry, born In Paris, April 28th, 1786, and died
June 13th, 1794.

Eighth, Mary-Louisa, born at St. Ildefonso in Spain, Sep-
tember 14th, 17885 married, June 26th, I8O6, Andrew Wed-
derburn, Esq.

Ninth, George-Charles- William-Frederick, born at theHague^
April 23d, 179] ; died December 1798.

Tenth, Mary-Dulcibella, born at Beckenham, September 1st,
1793.

Title. William Eden, Lord Aukland.of Aukland, and Lord
Aukland of Ireland.

» His chief work is, On the principles of Ptnal La-w.
b On this vacancy the Rt. Hon Charles Yorke was appointed to the
Tellersiiip.



292 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND

Creations. The English Barony by patent May 23d_, 1 793 j
the Irish Barony by patent November 18th, 1789.

Arms. Gules, a chevron charged with three escallops between
three garbs, or 5 a mullet for difference.

Crest. An arm embowed in mail, grasping a garb-

Supporters. Two horses, the dexter guardant.

Motto. Si sit Prudentia,

Chief Seat. Eden Farm, Beckenhara, Kent.



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 293




FITZPATRICK, LORD UPPER OSSORY.

fEARL OF UPPER-OSSORY IN IRELAND. J

The noble family of Fitzpatkick is said to be descended from
Hereraon, son of Milesius, King of Spain, and the first Irish mo-
narch of the Milesian race} their descent is deduced by the an-
cient heralds of this kingdom in a long train of succession from
father to son, little worth the reader's notice j and therefore we
shall only observe, that they tell us, in the sixty-seventh descent,
lived FiTZKERVAiLL, ancestor to the numerous sept of the Brenans
of Idough, in the county of Kilkenny, (which forms a part of the
Castlecomer estate, now in possession, in right of his mother, of
the Earl of Ormond) and was succeeded by his son Fitzkelli,
the father of Dokatus, the father of Donald, whose son Fitz-
PHADRUAiG, W2S father of FiTzscANLAN CMoreJ Macgiolla Pha-
druaig, from whom the name of Macgill Patrick, now softened
into Fitzpatkick, is derived.

To him succeeded his son Donald, the father of

Geoffry, who by O'Meaghir's daughter had

A son of his own name, who married the daughter of Richard
(More) Tobin, and had

DoNALDus (Donogh) Prince of the territory of Upper- Ossory
in the province of Leinster, who in the year JO27 put out the
eyes of his kinsman Teige Macgillo Patrick ; married the
daughter of the chief O'Brenan of Idough, and died in lOSp,
leaving

Donald Macdoiiald Macgill Patrick, Prince of Ossory, who
was slain in IO87, and by the daughter of Macmurrogh, lord of
the province of Leinster, left



394 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Fynin (Fyncene, or Florence) his heir;, who by the daughter
of O'Kerrol, had

A son of his own name, who married a daughter of Edmund
Butler^ and had

John, or Shane Macgill Patrick, who by the daughter of
O'Molloy, had

Bryan,* Bernard, or Barnaby (Bernardus) Macgill Patrick, or
Fitxpatrick, chief of Upper-Ossory, Hving in the reigns of King
Henry VIl. and VIII. to the latter of whom, in 1522, he sent an
express messenger, to complain of Pierce, Earl of Ormond, L. D.
who taking an opportunity to meet the King as he was going to
chapel, delivered his embassy in these words : " Sta pedibus, Do-
mine Rex, Dominus meus Gillapatricius me misit ad te, et jussit
dicere, quod si non viscastigare Petrum Rufum, ipse faciet Bellum
contra te." He married the daughter of O'More, Lord of Leix,
and was father of

Barnard, Barnabas, Barnaby, or Bryan (for so he was indis-
criminately named) Macgill Patrick, who, October 8th, 153/,
made his submission to the King's commissioners for the settle-
ment of the kingdom, after the rebelUon of the Fitzgeralds was
suppressed, who had entered into indentu es with him, that he
should be Baron of Cowchill, or Castleton, and have the lands in
Upper-Ossory granted to him at the yearly acknowledgement of
three pounds to the crown, of which he chose to be created Baron,
and had that title conferied upon him by patent, '' bearing date at
Dublin, June 11th, 1541, (33 Hen. Vill.) entailing the honour *=
on his issue malej ^ was knighted July ]st, 1543, but was after-

a Here is a great deficiency of generations to fill up tlie interval from
Donald Prince of Ossory, 1087.

b The Preamble. Sciatis quod nos grata et laudabilia Obsequia, qu» di-
lectus et fidelis Subditus noster Barnardus Macgylle Patrick .\i niiger nobis
impendit, indiesqiie impendere non deiistit ; necnon Cil•cl■!n,^pectioncm et
Strenuitatem, ac Fidelitatem ipsius Barnardi intime considerantes, ex certa
Scientia et mero motu nostris, de Gratia nostra speciali prjefatuni Barnardufn
ad Statum, Gradum, Dignitatem et Honorem Baronis de Uppyre-Ossory in
Terra nostra Hiberniae ereximus, &c.

c Rot. Pat. de Ao. 32, 330.Hen. VIII. i'. p f . R 11.

d The King also, ]uly i-;t, 15431 sent his directions, that a grant should
pass to him and his heirs male, of a house and parcel oi land near Dublin, not
exceeding the value of 10/. a year, in pursuance whereof December 5th) were
assigned him the grange of Balgeeth, otherwise Harold's grange, otherwise the
grange on the marches ; a water-mill and the water-course there, with the
ways and paths leading thereto and therefiom, to hold by the service of one
knight's fee. Having also the grant of a Thursday market and fairs, with
the house of the friars at Aghavoe, (or Aghaboe) and the monastery of Agh-
Bfiacartj in the Queen's county. -'



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 2^5

wards taken prisoner and confined in the city of Waterford^
until he had made restitution for some preys he had seized in
Leix. He married, first, Margaret, eldest daughter of Pierce,
Earl of Ormond, widow of Thomas Fitzgerald, second son of the
Earl of Desmond, by whom he had four sons and one daughter,
viz. Barnaby (Oge) his heir 3 Fynin, or Florence, who succeeded
his brother J Teige, or Thady, (who in 1546 was sent prisoner
to Dublin by his father, and there executed for his crimes) ;
GeotFryj and Grany, married to Edmund, the second Viscount
Mountgarret. His second wife was Elizabeth, third daughter of
Bryan O'Conor, of OfFaley, by his wife Mary, daughter of Gerald,
Earl of Kildare ; but by her, who survived him, and July 25th,
1551, had a license to go into England, he is said to leave no
issue J yet we find mention made in Sir Henry Sidney's state
papers, of two other sons, Callagh, and Tirlagh.

Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick, the second Lord, was of full age
at his father's death, and enjoyed a large share of esteem from
King Edward VI. to whom he was a frequent companicm, and so
much endeared, that his Majesty was said to love none almost but
him, which is sufficiently evinced by the many kind letters the
young King wrote to him in 1551, and which are still extant,
whilst he served as a volunteer in France, under King Henry II.
against the Emperor, After his return from that kingdom, he
behaved with great bravery against Sir Thomas Wyat, who had
raised distur'oances in England, and in 1558 was knighted by the
Doke of Norfolk at the siege of Leith in Scotland, in the begin-
ning of Queen Elizabeth's reign; in whose parliament, held at
Dublin, January 12th, 1559, he was'present.

The L. D, Sidney, in his relation of the state of the king-
dom, sent to the lords of the council from Wateiford, December
16th, 1575, makes this honourable mention of him: '' Upper-
Osserie is so well governed and defended, by the valor and wise-
dome of the Baron that nowe is as, savinge fof suerlie of good
order here after in succession, it made no matter, if the countrie
were never shired, nor her Majesties wrirt otherwise curraunt
than it is; so humblye he keepeth all his people suiect to obe-
dience and good order; and yet united to some shire it shal be,
and the Baron hym self verye well rgreeinge to yeeld both fyne,
rent, and service, as other countries, latelye brought to soch frame
doe and shall doe."'' The L. D. at that time constituted him

>i Sidney's Lesters, vol. i. p X3.



^gS PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

L. L. of the King's and Queen's counties, with divers Irish
countries adjoining, which were much better preserved in peace
and quiet, than they had been, by his diligence, pojicy, and
careful service : insomuch that the next year the deputy informed
the council of England, that the O'Mores and O'Conors did not
exceed the number of 100 fighting men, nor of that company,
not above four able to lead to any exploit ; so much of late had
they been bereft of their principal men by the great dili^'ence,
policy and pains taking of the Lord of Upper Ossory, Mr, Crosbye,
Mr, Harpoole, and Owen Macugo. ^

In 15/8, the great rebel Rory Oge O'More, who then stood
proclaimed, having burnt the towns of Naas, Leighlin-Bridgc,
and part of Carlow, sent a well instructed spy, June 2pth, to en-
trap the Lord Upper-Ossory, his powerful prosecutor, by inform-
ing him, as if in great friendship and secrecy, that Rory h.A been
of late in the county of Kilkenny, and taken a great prey of all
sorts of household stuff, which might easily be recovered, and he
with his company taken, which he also falsely represented to be
few in number. His Lordship neither wholly believing nor mis-
trusting the intelligence, prepared for the enterprize ; but wisely
suspecting and providing for the worst, took a strong party o .'
horse and foot, and when he approached the appointed place,
sent thirty of his men into the woods to search for Rory, staying
with the rest to attend the event. The company no sooner en-
tered the wood, than Rory appeared with near an equal number
of attendants, the rest lying in ambush ; but as soon as his Lord-
ship's Kerne perceived him, they gave him the charge, and one of
them thrusting him through the body with his sword, two oi'
three more fell upon him, and gave him such mortal wounds, that
he died, June 30th, in the morning; and thus (says the L. D. in
his advice hereof to the council of England) ended the life of this
rebel, who by the maintenance of his neighbours, and supply of
aids from some of his friendly borderers, had so long continn:mce,
to the charge of the Queen, and disquiet of the state ; concluding,
" And in the mean tyme, I humblye beseach your Lordships ef-
fectuallye to thank my Lord of Upper Osserie, v\ho, of his own
chardgp, and with his owne forces onelye, without her Majesties
pay, hath adventured hym selfe in the service, and so happelye
hath atchieved it to his greate estimacion and creditt," ^ Nay, so
disinterested was his Lordship in this and all his services to the

« Sidney's Letters, vol. i. p, 167. f Ibid- p. 264.



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 297

state, that when the L. D. offered him the 1000 marcs, due by
proclamation for Rory's head, he would only accept of 100 /, to be
divided among his men, for their present reward and future en-
couragement.

In 1579, he attended the deputy into Munster against James
Fitzmaurice, who had arrived there with some Spaniards ; in con-
sideration of which he enjoyed a pension in England ; received
warrants for above 300/. and had a grant of the next presentation
and right of patronage to the rectory of Donaghmore in the diocese
ofOssory, for any fit person he should nominate: and in 1580,
Sir Henry Sidney, in his instructions to his successor Arthur, Lord
Grey, how to proceed in his government, thus recommends his
Lordship to him : '' And nowe, my good Lord and beloved com-
panion, I will sease to wright of any matter, and to treate a little
of men ; the moste sufficient, moste faithful kinde that ever I
founde there, were the Barron of Upper-Ossery, Sir Lucas Dillon,
and Sir Nicholas Malbie^ these for princepale men both for
coun cell and action j and who ever moste diligentlie and fait h-
fuUie discharged that which I comitted to them, and trulie they
be men of greate sufficiencie." g

In 1560, he married Joan, daughter of Sir Rowland Eustace,
Viscount Baltinglas, by his wife Joan, daughter of James, Lord
Dunboyne, by whom he had an only daughter Margaret, ^ the
first wife to James, Lord Dunboyne (grandson of the aforesaid
James), who died February 18th, 1624^ and making his will in
Dublin, September 9th, 1581, ' bequeaths divers lands and goods
to his lady for life, remainder to his daughter and her children ;
and (among other legacies) to his brother Florence all his wyle
stoode, all his armour, shirts of mail, and other furniture of war,
saving that which served for both the houses of the Borriedge
and Killenye, which, after his wife's decease or marriage, he
wills to remain for the furniture of those two castles constantly.
He leaves to him likewise half his pewter and brass ; all his tythes
in Ossory (except those ot Achavoe, bequeathed to his wife) all
tlie plate left him by his father 3 all his horses ; his robes of par-



g Sidney's Letters, vol. i. p 285.
h See examination of witnesses taken February 15th, 1^81, before Adam,
Archbishop of Dublin, and Lord Chancellor; ad perpetuam Rei mcmoriam,
upon a bill, with certain interrogatories, exhibited by James Butk-r, Baron ef
Dunboyne, A". 270. Eliz. D.

i Ora deed (says Mr. Lodge), Septembsr Qth, 15S1, ^3'' Eliz.



29S PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

liament ; and the whole disposition of such lands as his othei-
brethren possessed, which were but at will, to hold as the same



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