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by privy-seal, dated at Bath September i4th, l663, to require ths
L. L. to have an effectual patent passed of all the premises to
him, his heirs and assignes, with all privileges enjoyed thereupon
under the King or his father; which was accordingly done Fe-
bruary 6th following, at the crown rent of 45 I. As. Id. ; after
which, the King, as a further mark of his favour, ratified the es-
tate to him, with two yearly fairs at Erriel, at the same crown-
rent as was paid in the year l643. But afterv/ards apprehend-
ing, from some general words in the act of explanation (by a clause
wherein the estate was again further confirmed to him) that somo
trouble might be given him in the Exchequer for new quit-rents,
he besought the King for a discharge thereof by patent, which


was granted September 1st, lO/Oj and August 3d, 1673, he had
a privy-seal to receive 200/. out of the Exchequer.

On August 6th, 1677, he was cornphtnented with the degree
of doctor of laws by the Duke of Ormond, chancellor of the uni-
versity of Oxford; but in l6SQ was involved in King James's
general act of attainder, and died in 1693- He married Eliza°
beth, fourth daughter of Thomas, Viscount Thurles, sister of
James, the first Duke of Ormond, and widow of James Purcell,
titular Baron of Loughmoe, and by her, who died December b'lhj
1675, and was buried the bth, in St. Patrick's church, DubiiDj,
had two sons ;

Fiist, Edward.

Second, Richard, created Lord Gowran.

And a daughter, Arabella, married toSir Thomas Wiseman, of
East Gfinsted in Sussex, Bart, and was mother of Sir Thomas^
who died unmarried May Ist^ 1733, and of Sir George his suc-

Edward Fitzpatrick, Esq. the elder son, at the revolutioii
had the command of a regiment given him, December 31st,
1688 ; was made colonel of the royal English fusiliers August 1st,
l6y2, and promoted to the rank of a brigadier-general October
24th, 1694; but was drowned in his passage from England to
Ireland Novembt^r 10th, i6(.)6, and died unmarried.

Richard, his brother, Jirsi Lord Gowran, being bred to the sea
iservice, had the command of a ship of war, in which station he
signalized himself by his valour and conduct ; and to him and his
brother, in consideration of their faithful services. King William,
October 12th, 1696, granted the estate of Edmond Morris, for-
feited by his being killed at Aghrim, which consisted of the towns
and lands of Grantstov/n, Donoghmore, Rahindornagh, Barna-
ballmoragh, Lower Derry, Belady, the north-east of Derry-laghen,
Cramrosse, Maherribegg, Ballinrawly-Wood called Clanconragh;,
Mongamore, and others in the Queen's county j to which his
Lordship made large additions by purchase and his marriage.
And so acceptable was the report of his services to his country,
his fidelity to the crown, in promoting the Protestant succession
in his Majesty's illustrious family, his integrity, humanity^ and
other amia'ole qualities, that King George L thought him worthy
of a place among the peers of L'eland, and by privy-seal, dated at
St. James's March 8th, I714, and by patent" at Dublin April

a The Preamble, ^uandoquidem ea quam tenemus Dignitate ob hoc
i)i9ecipue delectemur, quod de Patria bene-meritos Honori.bus insjgnire nobis


27th, 1715, created him BaroJi Gowran of Gowran; by which
title he took his seat in parliament November 12th following^*
atid two days after was one of the lords appointed to prepare
an address, to congratulate his Majesty on his accession to the

In July 17I8, his Lordship married Anne, younger daughter
and coheir to Sir John Robinson, of Farming-wood in the county
of Northampton, Bart. •= and died JuneQth, 1727, leaving issue by
her, who deceased November 14th, 1744, ^ two sons;

First, John, his heir.

Second, Richard, who married Anne, daughter of Mr. Usher,
of London; and by her, who died in London March 28th, 17^9,
he had a son born in December, 1755, and three daughters ; the
elder born March 7th, 17^9. the second August 19th, 1751, and
the j'ounger September lOth, 1753, who died an infant,

John, the second Lord Gowran, zwAJirst Earl of Upper Ossory,
born in 1719, was appointed in January, 1745, master of Farming
wood forest, part of the forest of Rockingham, for the term of
ninety-nine years ; and by privy seal, dated at Kensington Au-
gust 26th, and by patent « October 5th, 1751, was created Earl
of Upper Ossory, with limitation of the honour to his issue male;
his Lordship was chosen in 1754 representative in the British
parliament for the county of Bedford. In July, 1744, he married
the Lady Evelyn Leveson Gower, eldest daughter of John, Earl
Gower, and deceased September 23d, 1758, leaving issue by her
Ladyship (who re-married in February, 1759, with Richard Ver-
non, Esq.M. P. for Tavistock, and one of the secretaries to John,
Duke of Bedford, L. L, of Ireland, and had two daughters, the

inde facta sit copia ; proinde fidelem et perquam dilectum nostrum Richardum
Fitzpatrick, pervetusta pariter ac generosa stirpe oriundum, ac Majorum
famam virtute propria adaequantem, novis Honoribus augere decrevimus ; ut
qui Re navali olim se Militem intrepidum, nee minus in periclitantis Reipub-
lica£ procellis omni tempore inconcussum se exhibuerit Civem, arduis in pos-
terum Regni NegotiJs inter optimates indesinenter invigilet. Sciatis igituf,
&c. Rot. Can. de Ao. 10. I. la. p, f.

b Lord's Journals, vol, ii. p. 45^.
c He was the son of Sir John Robinson, Lord Mayor of London, created
a Baronet June zzd, 1660, and lieutenant of the Tower from the restoration
to his death. His wife was Mary, daughter of Sir William Dudley, of Cloptoh
in Northamptonshire, Bart, by whom he had Mary, married to James, Earl
•f Weems, and Anne, to Lord Gowran.

d Rot. Ao. II Geo. II, 3 p. D.
• Rot. Cane, de Ac 250. Geo II 3<ia. p D.


elder born in August, 1760, and the younger October 11th, 1762)
two sons and two daughters, viz.

First, John, Lord Gowran.

Second, Richard, born January 24th, 1748, is a general in
the army, and was member in the British parliament for Tavis-
tock, 1784, and is now representative for the county of Bedford.
In 1782 he was appointed first secretarj' to the Duke of Port-
land, L. L. sworn of the privy-councils in both kingdoms, and in
1783, appointed secretary at war, which he resigned in that year j
but was again appointed to the same office by the Grenville ad-
ministration in I8O6.

Lady Mary, married April 20th, 1766', to the Hon. Steph^;!
Fox (eldest son of Henry, Lord Holland, who died July :. :■,
1774) and had issue by him, who died December 23d, l77-i, u." >e
daughters) Caroline, Mary, and Emily-Elizabeth, all deceased j
and a son, Henry Richard, born November 2 1st, 1773, the pre-
sent Lord Holland. ^

Lady Louisa, born in 1755, and married in 1779 to William,
Earl of Shelburne, first Marquis of Lansdown.

John, the second andpresent Earl of Upper Ossory, and first
Lord Ossory in England, born in May 1745, succeeded to
the honours on the decease of his father. In 17^7 he was chosen
to parliament for the county of Bedford, and in 1770 was ap-
pointed L. L. and custos rotulorum of that county j March 26th,
1769, he married Anne, daughter of Henry Liddell, Lord Ravens-
worth, and by her, who had been divorced from the Duke of
Grafton, and died in February, 1804, had issue two daughters,

First, Lady Anne, born February lOih, 1774.

Second, Lady Gertrude, s

His Lordship was advanced to the British Peerage by the
title of Baron Upper Ossory, August 12th, 1794.

Titles. John Fitzpatrick, Earl of Upper Ossory, and Baron
Gowran of Gowran ; and Baron of Upper Ossory in England.

Creations. Baron Gowran of Gowran in the county of Kil-
kenny, April 27t)i, 1715, 1 Geo. I. ; Earl of LTpper Ossory in the
Queen's county, October 5th, 1751, 25 Geo. II. ; Baron of Upper
Ossory in England, August 12th, 1794.

' See vol. vii- j Family Information.


Arras. Sable, a snitire, argent, and chief, azure, the latter
charged with three fleur-de-lis, or.

Qrest. On a wreath, a dragon, vert, surmounted of a Ilea
passant, sable.

Supporters. Two lions, sable, with ducal crowns, plain,
collars nnd chains, or.


Chief Seals. Tentore in the Queen's county, sixty miles
from Dublin; Farming -wood, Northamptonshire, sixty-two
miles from London , and Ampthiil, Bedfordshire, thirty-six miles
from London.





William Phipps, being brought up to the sea, applied himself
so assiduously to that profession, that he commanded several dif-
ferent ships.

He was eminently skilled in the mathematics, and became
the inventor of that curious machine the diving bell ; by this ad-
mirable contrivance, in the year 1(38/, he was enabled to recovei%
from the wreck of a Spanish galleon^ an immense treasure, which
had lain buried in deep water forty-four years, returned trium-
phantly to London, and divided it with the rest of the adven-
turers. *

Being introduced to King James H. June 2Sth, of the same
year, the honour of knighthood was conferred upon him : and he
was appointed to the government of the MassachusetSj and therein
continued during the remainder of his life.

Dying February 18th, i6q4, he was interred in the parish
church of St. Mary Woolnoth in London, whero^a neat marble
monument, with suitable em"bellish meats, and the representation
of the above remarkable circumstance in basso relievo, together
with the following in scrip tioi^;^ was erected to his memory :

Near this place is interred the body

Of Sir William Phipps, Knight, who in the year

iQs/, by his great industry, discovered among

a See Burke's European Settlements, vol- ii p. 1 68, where it is said that he
was a New-F.ngland-Man, of obscure birth and education, who having raised
a sudden fortune by a lucky expedient, was knighted, and afterwards made
governor of the Province.


The rocksj near the banks of Bahama, on
The north side of Hisp^niola, a Spanish plate-
Ship, which had been under water 44
Years, out of v/hich he took in gold and
Silver to the value of three hundred
Thousand pounds sterling, and with a
Fidelity equal to his conduct, brought it
All to London, where it was divided
Between himself and the rest of the adventurers j for
Which great service he was knighted by his
Then Majesty King James II. and afterwards

By the command of his present Majesty,

And at the request of the principal inhabirants

Of New England, he accepted the Government

Of the Massachusetts, in which he continued to

The time of his death ; and discharged his trust

With that zeal for the interest of his country.

And with so little regard to his own private advantage.

That he justly gained the good esteem and affections

Of the greatest and best part of the inhabitants of that

He died ISth February, 1604;
And his Lady, to perpetuate his memory.
Hath caused this monument to be erected. ^

Sir CoNSTANTiNE Phipps, his son, being bred to the profes-
sion of the law, acquired so high a reputation, that he received
the honour of knighthood from her Majesty in 1710, and at the
same time was appointed Lord High Chancellor of Ire-

On January 29th, 1712, he was appointed one of the lords
jtistices J but on the accession of King George I. a change of mi-
nistry succeeding, he resigned those high offices in September,
1714, and retiring to the Middle Temple, London, continued in a
private station to his death, which happened October pth, 1723.
His widow surviving him till October 30th, 1/28, by \vhom he
had i-sue an only son

MViLLiAM Phipps, who February 26th, 1718, married Lady
Catherine Annesley, oply daughter and heiress to James, Earl of
Anglesey (by his wife the Lady Catherine Darnley, a natural

*> Maitland's Survey of London, vol, ii. p. 114!;,


daughter of King James II. who married to her second husband,
John Sheffield, <^ Duke of Buckingham, by whom she was mother
of the last Duke of that family) and dying February 1st, 1730,
left issue by her, who remarried with John Sheldon, of Croydon
in Surry, Esq. and survived till January 18th, 1/36, one daughter
Catherine ; and a son and successor

CoNSTANTiNE, who was Created Jirst Lord Mulgrave, of
New-Ross in county of Wexford, pursuant to privy-seal at St.
James's August 8th, and patent at Dublin September 3d, I'/Qy.^
On February 26th, 1743, he married Lepell, « eldest daughter
of John Lord Lord Hervey, of Ickworth, and son of John Earl of
Bristol, ' born in Januarj^, 1/22-3, and his Lordship deceasing
September 13th, 1775, was buried at Croydon in Surrey, haying
had issue by her, who died in 1 780, b five sons and one daughter,

First, Constantine-John, second peer.

Second, Charles, born December 10th, 1753, made a captain
in the royal navy August 1st, 1776, and died October 20th, J 786,
Third, Henry,'' born February 1 4th, 1755, succeeded his

Fourth, Edmund,' born April 7th, 1760, formerly in the first
regiment of foot-guards 3 now a major-general and colonel of a
battalion of the sixtieth regiment of foot.

Fifth, Augustus,*^ born November 15th, 1762; married, Au-
gust I4th, 1792, Maria, eldest daughter of the late Peter Thel-
lusson, Esq.

And Henrietta Maria, ' born March 26th, 1757, married, Au-
gust 19th, 1776, to Charles Dillon Lee, Lord Viscount Dillon, of
Costello-Gallen, and died December 1st, 1782.

CoNSTANTiNE-JoHN, the secondIrishpeer,\2.x\^'LoKn
Mulgrave, of Mulgrave, born May 30th, 17-t4, was made a
captain in the royal navy June 20th, 1760, in which station he
made a voyage to discover a north-east passage, of which he gave
an account to the world. He was, in Mr. Pitt's administration.

c A natural daughter of this Duke, called Mary Sheffield, was married
tp Lord Altham, and was mother,a.i it iscontcnded, to the unfortunate James
Annesley, who claimed the titles and estates against the late Earl of Ar^-

tl Rot. Ao. 7 Geo. III. 2- p. d. R. 23, 24.

e Ulster's Office. f idem.

e Ibid. 15 Itid. i Ibid.

k Ibid. 1 Ibid.


one of the joint paymasters of the forceSj a lord of trade, a com-^
missioner of the East India boards a privy counsellor, and member
of the British parliament for the borough of Newark. June 20th,
1787, he married Anne-Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Nathaniel
Cholmondeley, of Howsham and Whitby in county of York,
Esq. (by his second wife) and by her Ladyship;> who died in child-
birth April 22d, 1788, had a daughter, '"

Anne-Elizabeth Cholmondely, who married, August 25, I8O7,
major-generai John Murray;, brother to Sir James Murray Pulteney,

His Lordship was elevated to the British Peerage on June 6,
1790, by the title of Lord Mulgrave, of Mulgrave in York"
shire ; but dying without issue male, October 10th, 1702, the
British honour became extinct ; and he was succeeded in the
Irish Barony by his next surviving brother

Henr"^, present and third Lord Mulgrave of New-Ross ; and
now by a new patent, second Lord Mulgrave of Mulgrave
on August I3lh, 1794.

His Lordship being educated to the army, obtained early a
commission in the foot-guards ; and has risen in regular course to
the rank of lieutenant-general, and is colonel of the thirty-first
regiment of foot. His Lordship distinguished himself by his ser-
vices at the taking of Toulon in 179-i.

In 1804 his Lordship was appointed chancellor of the duchj
of Lancaster 5 and in 1805, secretary of state for the foreign de-
partment 3 and in I8O7, first lord of the admiralty, which he re-
signed in 1810 for the office of master-general of the ordnance.

His Lordship married, October 20th, 1795, Sophia, daughter
of William Maling, of West Hennington in Durham, Esq. by
whom he has issue.

First, Henry Constantlne, born May 15th, 1797-

Second, Augusta- Maria, born September 3d, 1800.

Third, Charles-Beaumont, born December 27lh, 1801.

Fourth, a son, born December 7lh, 1808.

Titles. Henry Phipps, Lord Baron Mulgrave of New-Ross.
in the county of Wexford, and Lord Mulgrave of Mulgrave in

Creations. Created September 3d, 17^7 > 7 Geo. III. Lord

ra Almon's Peerage, Ulster's Office, Ledge edit. 1754, vol ii. p. 291, and
Gent; Mag. 1788, p. 469.


^ulgrave of New-Ross in Ireland ; and on August 13th, 1794,
Lord Mulgrave of Mulgrave in Yorkshire.

Arms. Sable, a trefoil slipt within an orle of mullets, argent.

Crest. On a wreath, argent and sable, a lion's gamb erased
and erect, sable, holding a trefoil by the stalk, argent.

Supporters. Two unicorns ermine, maned, tailed, crined,
unguled, and gorged with plain collars, with chains affixed
thereto, all Or.


Chief Seat. Mulgrave Hall in the county of York.




The family of L-xttelton have been of long standing in the
county of Worcester, arid had fair possessions in the vale of Eve-
shani, before the ipth of Hen. III. 1234, particularly at <Som/A
Lyttelton, from which place it is probable they took their name,
agreeably to the custom of that age.

Mr. Selden was possessed of two grants of land belonging
to Evesham abbey, dated the 7th of Hen. II. II60, to which one
John de Luttelton was witness.^ This is the most ancient that
the name of Luttelton, or Lyttelton (as Judge Lyttelton and his
descendants have generally written it from King Henry VI's time
to the present) is to be met with : now as the land, which passed
by these deeds, lay at Lench, near South Lyttelton, it is not un-
likely that this John was ancestor to Lyttelton of Frankley.

In an ancient ledger of Worcester priory, mention is made of
one Henry de Clive, the son of Swenus de Luttelton, sans date. ^

Many evidences prove th^t there were other families of good
account, named Lyttelton, in the counties of Dorset, Somersetj,
Bedford, and Bucks, as early as the reign of Hen. III. '^

Thomas de Luttelton, about the 19th of Hen. III. married
Emma, sole daughter aqd heir of Sir Simon de Frankley, Knight,

a Vis. Salop c. so. in the Heralds Office.
»' Habington's Survey of Worcestersiiire, MS. (pene& Car- Lyttelton!,
Caiiiol. Episc j in Clive Prior.

c Vis. Salop> ut suprsu


which Thomas occurs witness to an instrument between Waited
de Cantilupe, bishop of Worcester, and Robert Fitz-Ralph, Knt.
touching lands lying in Alve church and Beoley, dated the 33d of
Hen. III. <!

He had issue an only daughter, Emma, first the wife of
Augerus de Tatlynton, and afterwards of Nicholas Whetara-

Augerus was seated at Tredington, in Worcestershire, dis-
trained the 40th of Hen. III. for not taking upon him the order
of knighthood, as he held fifteen libratas terrcehy knight service.*
He was the first in the commission to inquire what lands were
forfeited -in the county of Worcester, by the attainder of the
King's enemies, at the battle of Evesham. *■ I don't find when he
died J but his wife, having re-married Nicholas Whetamstede,
died, seised of Frankley, anno 129S, having in her lifetime been
a benefactress to the neighbouring abbey of Halesowen, s

Thomas de Luttelton, above-mentioned, married a second
wife, viz. Asselm, daughter and sole heir to William Fitzwarin,
of Upton in Worcestershire (younger son of Fulc Fitzwarin,
Lord Marcher of Wales, temp. Hen. I.) which William was one
of the justices itinerant, and judge of the Common Pleas, the 12th
of King Hen. III. and sheriff of Worcestershire the year follow-
ing. ** I find this Luttelton was a considerable benefactor to the
convent of Pershore ; many grants of lands lying in Upton-Snods-
bury, and Coulesdon, occurring in Pershore ledger, both from
him and Asselm, his wife. ' Also to the abbey of Evesham ; for
a licence occurs from King Edward I. to John de Luttelton, im-
powerlng him to grant three virgates of arable, and eight acres of
meadow, lying in South Luttelton, to the said abbey, bearing date
at Westminster, the 27th day of May, in the eighth year of his
reign. Another licence also occurs from the same King to the
abbey of Evesham, to enable them to hold lands in Evesham,
Lenchvvyke, and Twyford, of the yearly value often pounds, de
dono Johan. de Luttelton, dated at York, the 10th year of the said

<• Liber Alb. Episc. Wigorn. MS. fol. 67.
e MS. Claudius, c. 2. in Bibl. Cotton.
f Inquis. post Bellum Evesham, 49 Hen. III. No. 3, in Turre.
s Survey of the manor and abbey of Halesowen, MS. by Ch. Lord Bp- of

^ Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i p. 446,449
i Original in the Augment Office, Vv'estm. fol- 29


King Edw. I. ^ He left issue by her three sons, viz. Edmund^
Thomas, and John.

Edmunu, the eldest, resided at Coulesdon, and had lands at
Nnunton in Worcestershire, ' which continue in a family of Lyt"
telton, (descended from a cadet of this house) at this day. He
took to wife, Lucia, daughter of John de Bois, or Atwood, a man
of considerable note at Wulverley in Worcestershire, and died
leaving no issue,

John, the youngest, lived a bachelor; and before he died,
was a benefactor to Evesham abbey, to which he gave by deed,
dated the 8th of Edw. II. a house, with three virgates of land,
and eight acres of meadow-, situate at Lyttelton, in the vale of
Evesham. "'

Thomas, the second son, became Iieir to his brother. He
was chosen knight for Worcestershire, the 9th of Edw. II." and
in the 34th of Edw. Hi. was, together with Richard de Lend),
and others, commissioned by the King to collect the tenths and
fifteenths throughout the said county,"

He married Julian, daughter and heir of Robert de Somery,
a younger brother of the Baron of Dudley (who served with him
in parliament for Worcestershire, in the pth of Edw. IL) and had
issue by her two sons, Thomas and John.

John, the youngest son, was in the commission of array with
Walter Cokesey, Henry Bruin, Henry Hagely, and Thomas
Throckmorton, Esqrs. 1 Hen. IV. on a rumour of a foreign in-
vasion. P He had to wife, Beatrix, daughter of Humphrey
Frevill, or Frecheville, of a noble family in Warwickshire, by
whom he had issue an only daughter, the wife of Jeffery Frere;
which Jeffery sat in parliament for the city of Worcester, temp.
Rich, II. and Hen. IV. 1

Thomas, the eider .son, recovered the manor of FranMey, by a
writ of right, on failure of issue to his cousin, Thomas de Tatlyn-
ton. He was esquire of the body to three successive Kings, viz.
Rich. II. Hen. IV. and Hen. V, and was rewarded with several

k MS. Harley, in Brit. Musa°um, No 3763, fol. cxxi. and cxxiu

1 Vis- Salop, ut supra.

m Inq ad quod damnum, i Ed II No. 73, in Turre.

" Claus. Rot. No 3, in Turre. » Pat 74 Ed. III. p. i, m. 24,

P Pat. I Hen. 4. p. 2. m. 35, et 4 Hen. IV. p. 2. m 9.

q From Brown Willis's MS. Collections.


grants of money, timber, kc. from each of them, pro lono et
gratuito servitio, as expressed in the grants. ' He sealed with the
cheveron, between three escallops, as now used by his posterity,
but bore a different crest, viz. a grey-hound's head, collared. •
About the close of King Henry the Vth's reign, he served the
office of sheriff of Worcestershire, under R, Beauchamp Earl of
Warwick, titular and hereditary high sheriff of Worcestershire :
and in the 1st year of Henry the Vlth he departed this life, leav-
ing issue by Maud, his wife (who survived him, and married Tho-
mas Massey, Esq. and was daughter and sole heir of Richard
Quatermain, of Ricote in com, Oxford, by Joan, the daughter
and coheir of Robert Grey, of Rotherfield in the same county) an
only daughter, nam.ed

Elizabeth, who was his sole heir. This Elizabeth married
Thomas Westcote, Esq, the King's servant in court, a gentle-
man of Devonshire anciently descended j but she being fair, and
of a noble spirit (to use Lord Coke's own words*) and having
large possessions and inheritances from her ancestors de Luttelton,
and from her mother, the daughter and coheir of Quatermain,
and other her ancestors, resolved to continue the honour of her
name, and therefore provided, by Westcote's assent, before mar-
riage, that her issue inheritable should be called by the name of

Mr, Prince, in his Devonshire JForthies, tells us, that this
gentleman was born at Westcote, in the parish of Marwood, near
Barnstaple, and flourished anno 1414; that he was of a martial
disposition, and addicted himself to feats of arras, which at length

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