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fess countercompone, or and azure. Barley.

Burley and Grey as before, with argent, two cheveronels,
gules. Grendon.'^

This Society paid such respect to his memory, that in the year
l63g, when Mr. Thomas Lyttelton, a collateral descendant of the
Judge, applied for admission to a chamber within the said house,
it was then by the whole company of the bench, with one voice,
granted that the said Mr. Lyttelton's admission should be freely,
without any fine 5 and that it might be so accepted and expressed
as a testimony of that great respect the whole Society doth owe
and acknowledge to the name and family of Lyttelton."

Joan, the widow of Sir Thomas, survived him many years,
and died on March 22d, 1505, in the eightieth year of her age,
leaving a great estate, that came both by her father and mother
(who was an heiress) to her eldest son. Sir William. By inqui-
fition taken after her death, she is found to have held the manors
of Broomcroft, Baldcote, Merkton, Mounslowe, Henlegh, Tug-
ford, Brocton, Aldon, Thongland, Alfcote, and Alcamstone,

m Dugd. Orig. Juridiciales, p. 187-
n From the admission books, at the Inner Temple.



330 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

besides lands and tenements in "Worracote, Abbedon, Winstan-
towe, Bromfield, Cokerich, "Walton, Rowthal, Halton, Dedylbury,
Aston, Bodenhope, and the advowson of Merston chapel, all in
the county of Salop, and that Sir William Lyttelton is her heir,
aged above sixty. "

Which Sir William resided at Frankley, and being of rank
and authority in his country, raised a considerable force there, and
came very opportunely to the aid of King Henry VII. against
Lambert Simnel, the Earl of Lincoln, and their adherents, and
•was engaged in the battle of Stoke, near Newark, where after
the victory gained on the J 1th of June, he was by the King re-
warded with the honour of knighthood, p He married to bis first
wife, EUyn, widow of Thomas Fielding, Esq. daughter and heir
of William Walsh, of Wanslip in com. Leicester, by his wife the
daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Byron, of Clayton in Lanca-
shire, by whom he had an only daughter, named

Joan, who became the wife of Sir John Aston, of Hey wood in
Staffordshire, and carried the manor of T.xhale in that county,
given her by her father, and that of Wanlip descended to her
from her mother, into the Aston family j and Tixhale was the
chief seat of the last lineal Lord Aston.

His second wife was Mary, the daughter of William Whit-
tlngton, of Pauntley in com. Gloucester, by Elizabeth, the daughter
of Renefred Arundel, of Lanhern in Cornwall, and sister of John
Arundel, bishop of Exeter, who gave this Mary, on her marriage
with Lyttelton, the sum of 400 marks for a portion. i By her he
had issue

An only son, John, and a daughter, named

Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas Rouse, of Rouselench in Wor-
cestershire.

In 21 Edw. IV. he seals a deed with the Merman, viz. a grant
of an annuity to his brother Richard, of Pillaton-Hall. He was
undoubtedly a benefactor to the priory church of Great Malvern,
in Worcestershire ; for there remains at this day a portrait of him,
finely painted in a window of the body of the church, with a
tabard or surcoat of his arms, and his name inscribed under it.
There was likewise a portrait of the same kind, and of Ellyn, his
first wife, in the north window of Over-Areley church in StaiFord-

• Escaetrja,inthe Rolls chapel, 20 Hen. VII. et Vis. Salop, ut supra.

p MS. Claudius, C 3, in Bibl. Cotton.

S From the oiiginal among the evidences at Hagtey.



LORD LYTTELTON. 331

•hire, remaining in the year 1624, with these words inscribed un-
derneath, viz.

Orate pro bono statu Willielmi Lyttelton, Arm. isf Elyn uxoris
ejus, quifenestram fieri fecerunt. ^

He departed this Hfe at Frankley, in December 1507. aged
sixty-five; and by will bequeaths his body to the monastery of
Haies-Owen, to be interred before the linage of the Blessed
Virgin, nigh the place and grave where his first wife lay buried j
settles on Mary, his wife, the p^anors of Frankley and Coulesdon,
in com. Wigorn ; Ridgakur, in com. Salop, and Over-Arley, in
com. Stafford ; leaves her the greatest part of his personal estate j
and farther entitles her to dower in his whole estate, over and
above the ample settlement here mentioned : he orders that a
priest be provided to pray for his soul during seven years after his
decease; and the souls of his father and mother; and the soul of
William Burley, his grandfather, and ail Christian souls; to say
Placebo et Dirige the day of his anniversary, with other annual
obiit services ; for all which he is to have eight marks per ann. the
said divine service to be performed in the chapel of St. Leonard,
at Frankley, to which he bequeaths his velvet gown for a cope
and vestment. He settles all his other lands in trust for his son,
and appoints him 20/. per ann. towards his exhibition and find-
ing, till he comes of age. Gives five hundred marks in portion to
his daughter Elizabeth, if she marries with her mother's consent.
He farther orders that his yearly obitt be constantly celebrated in
the monastery of Halesowen, and his executors to pay Vis. 4d. for
it. He also wills that John Smith have the keeping of his park
at Frankley, during life; and all his servants a year's wages at
their departure. Gives 6s. 8d. to the cathedral church at Wor-
cester ; and lastly directs his executors to procure a marble stone,
with two images and sculptures according, to be laid over him,
and Elyn, his first wife, ivhen GoJ shall do his mind with him. '

John, his son and heir, endowed his family (saith Mr. Ha-
bingdon, in his MS. Anliq. of Worcestershire) with abundance
of noble blood, by having in marriage Elizabeth, the daughter
and coheir of Sir Gilbert Talbot, of Grafton in com. Wigorn, by
Anne, his wife, the daughter and coheir of Sir William Paston,
by Anne, his wife, third sister and coheir to Edmund Beaufort,



r From a MS entitled. Church Notes of Staffordshire, circa ann. 1590,
penes C. Lyttelton, nup. Cariol. Episc.
3 From the Register, entitled, .\. Dean, qu. 32, in the Prerogative Office.



332 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND,

Duke of Somerset, grandson of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lan-
caster: in right of whom Lyttelton and his posterity have law-
fully quartered the arms of France and England, within a bordure
gobone;' and likewise all the arms and quarterings of Talbot
and Paston.

By her he had seven sons, and two daughters.

First, John,

Second, Edward, nicknamed Long Edward, who married the
Lady Elizabeth Talbot, daughter of Walter Wrottesley, of Wrot-
tesley in com. Stafford, and widow to Sir John Talbot, ofAl-
brighton in com. Stafford, from whom the Talbots of Salwarp,
Worvill, and also the present Earl Talbot, lineally descend.

Third, Gilbert,

Fourth, Anthony, seated at Abbot Salford, in com. War-
wick.

Fifth, Roger, seated at Groveley, in King's Norton parish,
Worcestershire j from whom, by Elizabeth, his wife, the daughter
of John Stanley, of West-Bromwick, in com. Stafford, are de-
scended the present Lytleltons, of Studley in Warwickshire, and
Naunton-Beauchamp in Worcestershire.

Sixth, George, counsellor at law, who died anno 160O, and
lieth buried under a splendid monument in Bromsgrove church,
com. Wigorn.

Seventh, Thomas.

Of the daughters, Margaret, the eldest, died unmarried ;
Anne was the wife of Eamund Newport, of Hanley- Williams in
Worcestershire, younger son to Thomas Newport, of High Ercal
in Shropshire, ancestor to the late Earls of Bradford.

By deed indented, bearing date May 23d, 23 Hen, VIIL he
settles on Elizabeth, his wife, the manors of Frankley and Coules-
don, with certain boilliries of salt in Droit wich, all in the county
of Worcester ; the great manor of Cressage, and certain lands in
Halesowen and Rugeacre, in the county of Salop ; but adds, " If
my heir be married, and has a mind to keep house for the ex-
ercise of husbandry, or other hospitality, then I will that he shall
have one of the manors of Frankley or Cressage, paying my wife
the value in rent," "

This John Lyttelton died at Frankley, on May I/th, 1532,

t Collins's Life of John of Gaunt, 8vo. p 87-
u Ex Autographo penes honoratissimum Dom. Geo. Lyttelton, Baronera
de Frankley,



LORD LYTTELTON. 333

aged thirty-two 5 and by his last will ordered his body to be in-
terred in the church porch of the parish church of Halesowen ;
to which church he bequeaths 26^. dd. to the mother church of
Worcester, 3^. 4d. to the chapel of Frankley, 3l. 6s. 4d His soul
to Almighty God, to our Lady St. Mary, and all the holy com-
panye of heven. He leaves to his son John his ryng of gold, with
the seal of his arms thereon ; also a chales, and all the chapel
stufFe bequeathed by his grandfather, unto the Trinite of Frank-
ley J sixteen kine, a bull, ten oxen, &c. provided his wife have
the rule, use, and governyng of the said stuiFe, till he come to the
age of twenty-four. He farther leaves to his wife all such chayns
of gold, jewels, rings, and all other apparyl belonging to her
body i gives all his servants 405. over and above their wages ; ap-
points that his executor pay six pounds per ann. to a preste, to
sing dayly for his soul five years after his death ; and five pounds
per ann. to Edward Street, hys chaplyn, to pray for his soul : gives
his daughters 300 marks each for their portion, and 800 marks to
be divided among his younger sons, together with the rents and
profits of his manor of Sheritis-Naunton, alias Newenton-Beau-
champ ; and also of his lands in Coulesdon, Pipulton, and Upton
Snodsbury. Yeven the 24th of May, 24 Hen. VJIL ""

By inquisitions taken after his death, he was found to die
seised of the same lands and manors as specified in the inquisi-
tions after the death of his grandfather. Sir Thomas Lyttelton,
afore recited; together with certain messuages and gardens,
within the city of Worcester; and divers lands and tenements in
South Lyttelton and Pirton; and also the wardenship of Elmley
castle (all in the county of Worcester) in right of his manor of
Naunton.J'

Sir John, his son and heir, was a minor at his father's death.
His wardship the King granted to Sir John Packington, of
Hampton Lovett, com. Wigorn. Knight, who married him to
Bridget, his daughter and coheir ; by which match Mr. Lyttel-
ton greatly increased his fortune, and was the better enabled to
rebuild in a magnificent manner his seat at Frankley; also to
purchase a very fair estate at Halesowen, and likewise Hagley
and Prestwood, for hunting seats.

Anno 1553, Queen Mary granted him for life the office of
governor or constable of Dudley castle, in com. Stafford, together

X Ex Autographo penes honoratissimum Dom. Dom. Geo, Lyttelton, &c.
J Escaetiia, in the Rolls Chapel, & Vis Salop, ut supra.



334 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

with that of ranger of the old and new parks there; also cuslo«
of the lodges, with n right of paunage, herbage, and warenage, in
the whole manor of Dudley, witli a salary of 80/. per ann. and
farther appointed him high steward of the manors of Birming-
ham and Berkeswell, in com. Warwick, with a fee of 10/. per
ann. ^

The same year he was chosen one of the knights for Worces-
tershire; and also served the office of high sheiifF there, once in
that reign, and twice in Queen Elizabeth's. ^ Though a papist,
yet he enjoyed places of honour and trust under Queen Elizabeth,
being one cf the council of the marches of Wales, deputy lieute-
nant and custos rotulorum of Worcestershire, and in the com-
mission of the peace for that county and Stafford. ^

Anno 1556, the said Queen Elizabeth knighted him, with
other gentlemen of great distinction, at Kenelworth castle, when
she honoured her favourite Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, with
a visit there. *=

Anno 1570, a treasonable letter was sent to Sir John Lyttel-
ton, and Sir Thomas Russel, the Queen's lieutenants in the
county of Worcester, from the Popish rebels, who had fled to
Edinburgh, containing a sort of declaration of their intention to
subvert the government and Protestant religion ; but how well
inclined soever Sir John might be to the restoration of popery, he
acted on this occasion like a good subject, and immfidiately sent
the letter to secretary Cecil. **

The year preceding the Spanish invasion, I find a list of all thi;
justices of the peace in Worcestershire, together with their valua-
tions, in the subsidy book, conditions and affections in religion,
privately communicated by the bishop of Worcester, to Secretary
Cecil : the first person which occurs, is Sir John Lyttelton,
" custos rotulorum, and accounted wise," valued 661. I3s. 4d. *^

Sir John died at Frankley, on February 15th, 1589-90, in the
sixty-ninth year of his age, and was buried, agreeable to his last
will, in the parish church of Halesowen. He had issue by Bridget
his wife, six sons, and four daughters.
First, Gilbert.



2 Ex Chartis Orig penes honoratissimum Dom. Dom. Geo. Lyttelton, Sec.

a Fuller's Cat. of Sheriffs of Worcestershire.

b Vis. Salop, ut supra. c MS. Claudius, C- •;, in Bibl Cotton-

d Strype's Annals of the Reformation, vol. i. p 576.

e Ibid, vol iij. p. 174, in the Appendix.



I



LORD LYXrELTON. 335

Second, William, who espoused Margaret, sole daughter and
heir of William Smyth, of Shirford in com. Warw, Esq. but
died before the age of consummation, by a fall from his horse in
hunting.

Third, George, settled at Holbeach, in com. Staff, who mar-
ried his brother's widow, viz. Marg.iret, above-mentioned.

Fourth, John ; fifth, Robert j sixth, Francis, who all three
died unmarried.

The d.iughters were; Elizabeth, the wife of Francis Wil-
loughby, of Wollaton in com. Nottingham, from whom the
Lord Middleton is descended 5 Margaret, married Samuel Mar-
row, of Berkeswell in com. Warw. Esq.; Amphilis, wife of Wil-
liam Barneby, of Bockleton in Worcestershire, Esq. ; and Frances,
died unmarried.

By different inquisitions taken after his decease at Worcester,
Stafford, and Salop, he was found to die seised of the manor and
advowson, with the rectory impropriate, of Over-Areley ; the
manor of Clent and of Prestwood, with lands in Sudgelev, King's
Swinford, and Kinfare, by the service of keeping the hay of Ash-
wood, all in the county of Stafford 5 of the manor and advowson
of Hagley; the manor and advowson of Old Swinford, and five
hamlets thereunto belonging ; the manors of Cradeley and War-
ley-Wigorn, in the parish of Hales-owen ; the several manors of
Woodcote, Dyers, Timberhangre, with Pinton Fields, all in the
parish of Bromsgrove ; the manor of Groveley in Cofton-Hacket ;
lands in Northfield, Salwarp, and Elnibridge ; boilliries of salt in
Droitwich, together with the great tithes of Wolverley (held by
lease of the church of Worcester) all in the county of Worcester.
He was likewise found to have died seised of the scite of the late
dissolved monastery of Hales Owen, and of the several manors of
Hales-Borough, Romsle'y, Ludley, and Oldbury ; together with
thirteen townships in the said parish of Hales, with the rectory
impropriate of Hales, Wailey, St. Kenelm in Kenelmstowe.. and
advowson of the vicarage of Hales and St. Kenelm's chapel ; also
of the manor and advowson, with tlie rectory impropriate of
Higley, all in the county of Salop ; of divers lands and tenements
in Llanyhangel, Kevenlys, Llandowy, Stradenny, and Maentel, all
in the county of Radnor, •"

Gilbert, his son and heir, served in parliament for Worces-
tershire, 13 and 14 Eliz, and was high sheriff there the 2oth of

f Orig. Inquis Rolb, in the hands of Lord Lytteltoo-



33a PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

that reign. He resided chiefly at Prestwood, in com. Staff, where
his father built a large house, part of which was lately the man-
sion of William Foley, Esq, It was bought by Sir John Lyttel-
ton, of Sutton, Lord Dudley ; but there was great contention
between the two families, before the Lytteltons could get quiet
possession of it. s

In the month of October, 1592, Lord Dudley armed one
hundred and forty persons, and came by night to Prestwood, and
forcibly carried ofi^34l sheep, 14 kine, 1 bull, and 8 fat oxen,
which they drove to Dudley, and there kept them. Replevins
were immediately taken, but not delivered by the bailifts, for fear
of their being cut to pieces. After Lord Dudley had killed and
eaten part of them, the remainder were sent towards Coventry,
accompanied by sixty armed men, in order to be sold; but his
Lordship changing his mind, he raised the inhabitants of Dudley,
Sedgley, Kingswinford, and Rowley, to the number of six or
seven hundred persons, who brought them back to Dudley castle,
where they roasted them all. Upon this violent proceeding, a
bill was filed in the Star-chamber against Lord Dudley and his
adherents J where, upon full proof of these illegal outrages, a re-
ference was proposed and accepted, and articles were signed the
24th of May, 1395, whereby Lord Dudley agreed to pay one
thousand marks to Mr. Lyttelton, and all farther suit to cease. *>

This Gilbert Lyttelton took to wife Elizabeth, daughter of
Humphry Coningsby, of Nyend-Solers in Shropshire, and of
Hampton-Court in com. Hereford, Esq. by whom he had three
sons, and one daughter.

First, John.

Second, Humphry 3 third, Gilbert, who both died unmar-
ried.

Anne, his only daughter, was the wife of Sir Thomas Corn-
wall, Baron ofEurford; which Anne lived to a very great age,
and died the 30th of January, 16.56, aged eighty-seven, and was
buried in Eastham church in Worcestershire.

Mr. Lyttelton departed this life on the 1st of June, 1509, at
his house in the White Friars, London, in the fifty-ninth year
of his age, and was interred in the parish church of Hales-Owen.

By several inquisitions taken after his death, he was found to
die seised of all the manors and lands recited in the foregoing in-



g Erdeswick's Staffbrdshire, p 134.
h Orig. papers, in the hands of Lord Lyttelton



LORD LYTTELTON. 33/

tjuisitionsj also of the manors of Shirford, Fletchamsted,, New-
bold, Eysirijjhill, Kirkley, Kingscote, and Stretton-Baskerville i
with the advowsou also of Stretton, and divers lauds and tene-
ments in Cheping-Dercet, Temple-Grafton, Weston under We-
thele, Ausley, Billingsley, Cowndon Brinklow, Hyde, and /fVttel-
borough, all in the county of Warwick; also of the manor of
Hinkley, and lands and tenements in Wigston and Loughborough,
in the county of Leicester; and certain lands, &c. in Onely and
Barby, in the county of Northampton, i

Elizabeth, his widow, survived him near twenty years, and
died about the year ]608.

JoH>f, his eldest son and heir, sat in parliament for the county
of Worcester, the 27th and 28th of Eliz. his father and grand-
father then living ; and again in the 3c)th yp.ar of the same reign. *^
Being a man much respected for his wit and valour (to use the
great Sir Francis Bacon's words, in his account of this gentleman's
conduct in Lord Essex's plot')nr.d ;) Roman Catholic, he was
courted by Lord Essex and his friends; and in some measure
drawn in by Sir Charles Davers to that conspiracy which cost
Essex his head, and Lyttelton his estate, for he was tried and con-
demned for high treason at the King'^-Bench bar, on February
20th, I(J00-1. The evidence on which the jury convicted him
was very slender to amount to high treason ; the utmost that was
proved against him, being no more than that he came to Drury-
house at the close of a treasonable consultation. He was charged
indeed to have designed some mischief and sedition by the great
number of horses and quantity of arms he had in his inn, to
which he answered : " That his estate was able to maintain good
store of horses, and that he always delighted in arms and horses."
Being condemned, he said no more, but lifting up his eyes to
heaven, " We praise thee, O God, we acknowledge thee to be the
Lord." '"

Sir Walter Raleigh was at that time in great favour and power
at court, and was remarkably warm in prosecuting Lord Essex,
and his unfortunate adherents, with the utmost rigour. A very
large sum of money, privately paid him by Mr. Lyttelton and



i Orig. Inquis Rolls, in Lord Lyttelton's hands.
k Vis- Salop, ut supra-
1 Declaration of the treason and practices of the Earl of Essex, 410. printed
in 16011 by Ft- Bacon.

m Camden's Annals of Queen Elizabeth) in English, p. 620.
VOL. VIII. z



338 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Bainham, so far indeed operated upon him, that be saved their
lives, but not their estates. "

The following most excellent letter, written from the dungeon
in Newgate, to Sir Walter, shews the greatness of Lyttelton's
spirit, and deserved far better at the hands of Raleigh,

" Sir,
" It is not worthye the vertue and honour you professe to per-
secute persons fallen into misfortunes. If heretofore you have
borne me causelesse displeasure, now of all others is the time
leste seasonable to shewe it. Remember, Sir, what it is to be
truely noble, and how it agreeth not with generous hartes to de-
light to trample upon dejected fortunes. It is nowe in your power
to do me good or ill othcesj if you do me ill, you shall wrong
your own reputation ; if you do me good, you shall give me cawse
to be thankfull. There is allredy betweene your son and me one
tye in blood and nature : I could be contenfe you did now double
the knot with offices of love and friendship. To begge your favour
in the state I stand, were too much basenesse ; to refuse it, were
arrogancy and indiscretion : but to require you to do me no harm,
is but justice, and that one gentleman of right oweth to another.
What construction you will make of this, or what is nowe meete
to be don, I must refer to your own judgment, and so I ende.

" J. Lyttelton." •

He was removed from Newgate to the King's Bench prison,
Southwark, shortly after his conviction, where he lived but a few
months, being sick (saith Camden) of an irrecoverable disease at
the time of his trial ; p and dying on the 25th of July, l601, aged
thirty-nine, was interred in the church of St. George, in that
borough.

Mr. Habingdon (the Worcestershire antiquary) in a letter to
his son. Sir Thomas Lyttelton, dated anno J 630, has these words:
" Sir, if you would lay but a stone over your father, and write
thereon but John Lyttelton, Esq. the same will sufficiently blaze
his exceeding worth."

In Habingdon's account of the Lyttelton family, in his Survey

n Martin's Chron in tbe Additions by B. R. A. M. also original papers
in Lord Lyttelton's custody.

» Ibid. p Annals of Queen Elizabeth.



LORD LYTTELTON. 339

of Worcestershire, he gives the following character of him :
" John Lyttelton, a man of that undaunted spirit, as he trampled
over all afflictions ; scorning as du^t his large revenues; and of
that resignation and submission to allmighty God, as he esteemed
himself not a man, but a worm, of all which I being an eye wit-
ness, doe hope that this heir of the worthy judge hath so acquitted
himself at the tribunal of our eterml Judge, that his faults and
imperfections being washed away by the blood of Christ, he pos-
sesseth never-ending felicitye : and I wiah these my poore lines
were a tomb of brass to celebrate his memorial."''

He left issue by Muriel, his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas
Bromley, Knt. lord high chancellor of England (temp. Eliz. R.)
by Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Adrian Fortescue, Knight, three
sons, and five daughters viz.

First, Thomas.

Second, John, who was captain of horse, and adjutant to the
Earl of Southampton, in the Netherlands, where he lost his life in
an engagement, ann3 l62Q.

Third, Edward, vi'ho died unmarried.

Of the daughters, Elizabeth and Joan died young.

Bridget was the wife of Sir John Tracy, of Fairford and Tod-
dington, in com. Gloucester, gr^at great grandfather to the last
Lords Tracy. She lies buried in Fairford church, and appears by
her epitaph, written by her daughter, to have been mistress of the
learned languages.

Anne, the fourth daughter, was married to Edward Lilth-ton,
Esq. afterwards lord keeper, and Baron of Mounslow, in Shrop-
shire. She ■■ died the 6th of February, 1623, and was buried in
the church of the Inner Temple.

Jane, the fifth, was the wife of Sherington Talbot, of Sal-
warp, in com. Wigorn, Esq. from whom descended Mr. Ivoiy
Talbot, of Lacock, the Earl of Sussex, and other families of con-
sideration.

On Queen Elizabeth's death, King James L well weighing
how popular a man the Earl of Essex was, and so consequently
all those who took part with him were esteemed by the vulgar,
unto whom an act of mercy could not but be very grateful, espe-



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