Copyright
Arthur Collins.

Collins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical online

. (page 32 of 56)
Online LibraryArthur CollinsCollins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical → online text (page 32 of 56)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


q MS. (in the possession of Charles Lord Bishop of Carlisle) in his ac-
count of the manor of Frankley. Dugd Orig Jurid. p. 177.

r Seymour's Survey of London, vol i. p- 790, and Stow's Survey, p. 762,
edit 1633.



340 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

cially at his first coming to the crown, granted back, by letters
patent, the whole estate unto Muriel, widow of John Lyttelton^
and his children ; and, farther, an act of parliament also passed
the first year of that reign, for reversing the attainder, and restor-
ing the blood of his issue.

Muriel survived him twenty-eight years, in which time she
paid, by savings out of her jointure, the sum of 9OOO/. and up-
wards, debts which her husband and his father had contracted ;
and though she exercised a proper frugality, yet was remarkably
hospitable and charitable : but the most glorious part of her con-
duct, was the breeding up her children in the Protestant religion,
their ancestors having from the reformation to that time adhered
to the old errors of the church of Rome, After a life thus spent
in good works, she exchanged it tor a better, dying at Hagiey-
hall, the 10th day of April, l630, where in the churchyard she
lies buried under a plain tomb, amongst her poor neighbours ; as
she expressly directed by her last wmIL

Sir Thomas, her eldest son, Jirst Baronet, was chosen Knight
for Worcestershire, in the two last parliamtmts of King James I.
and three others of King Charles I. Anno l(5l3, he served the
office of high sheriff of Staffordshire. Anno J 6' 1 8, he was knighted
at Whitehall, having a few months before been created a Baronet.
Upon the breaking out of the civil war, he adhered to the King's
party. The county of Worcester being entirely in his Majesty's
interest. Sir Thomas had the chief military command there, the
King by letter dated the 25th of June, \Qi2, ordering him to re-
pair immediately to his house in Worcestershire, where he was
appointed colonel of all the militia, and commissioner of array
jointly with the Lords Dudley and Coventry, Sir John Packington
and others. * The year following, I find liim a member of the
Oxford parliament ; and the very next year he was taken in armg
at Bewdley, by the parliament forces, and stieightly confined in
the Tower of London. ' During his imprisonment, his estate was
put under sequestration ; an order of the 10th of March, 1644-5,
passing the house, that Sir Thomas Lyttelton should pay four
thousand pounds for his delinquency. " About this time also, his
line seat at FranJdey was burnt to the ground by Prince Rupert,
having been garrisoned by the Prince for the King ; and he, being
obliged to dislodgi-, look this effectual method, to prevent the

s Original in the hands of Lord Lyttelton.
t Whitlock's Memorial, p 83.
« Joiiriiu'is of the Housi of Cuninions, dc hoc anno.



LORD LYTTELTON. S4\

enemy making the like use of it. Sir Thomas obtained his liberty-
after some years close confinement, but enjoyed it a very short
time, dying on the 22d of February, l649-.^0, at Newcastle house,
in Clerkenwell, and was interred in Worcester cathedral.

He had issue by Catherine, his wife, daughter and sole heir to
Sir Thomas Crompton, of Driffield in Yorkshire, by Muriel,
sister of Henry, Viscount Falkland, lord deputy of Ireland, twelve
sons, and four daughters, viz.

First, John ; second, Thomas ; third, Horatio ; fourth, Henry?
fifth, another Henrys sixth, Edward; seventh, Charles ; eighth,
Constantinej ninth, V/illiam 3 tenth, Arthur 5 eleventh, Ferdi-
nand© 5 twelfth, George.

The daughters were, Catherine j Mary; Anne; and another
Catherine

John and Thomas, the two eldest, were unfortunately drowned
in the river Cherwel, near Magdalen college, Oxford, where in
the chapel, under a very fair monument, their remains were in-
terred ; on which is inscribed the following epitaph written by
their father :

Johannes & Thomas

Lyttelton

Eximiae spei adolescentuli,

Thomje Lyttelton, Militis &

Baronetti, ex lectissima juxta

Atque maestissima Domina Catherina

Conjuge filii natu majores hie

Obdormiscunt : quos innoxie

Obambulantes, in campo minorem

Lubricus pes in undam misit,

Majorem pietas sua.

Sic ausum repetere fratrem, &

Felici hoc quasi compendio,

Totam explicantem indolem,

Invicem flagranter complexos,

Una mortis horula absorpsit,

Duro & prsepropero fato.

Diem suum obierunt, alter xvii

Alter xiii nnnos nati,

Maii nono, M.D.CXXXV.

Nescis qua hora

Vigila.



342 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

In Cowley's works we have an elegy on these two unfortunate
youths,

Henry, Arthur, and Horatio, died young.

The other Henry was heir to his father.

Edward was killed in a duel at Worcester, and buried in the
cathedral near his father.

Constantine married a daughter of Sir Thomas Jones, one of
the judges of the King's Bench, and died in Jamaica, o.t Dectmber
31st, 1662, leaving no issue.

Charles became heir to his brother Henry, of whom inore
afterwards.

William was captain of horse, and gentleman usher to the
Queen of Bohemia, and died unmarried.

As did Ferdinando, who was groom of the bed-chamber to the
Duke of York, and having a regiment of horse in the French
King's service, lost his life in an engagement upon the Rhine,
temp. Car. II.

George, the youngest, was major in Prince George of Den-
mark's regiment, and mairied Elizabeth, daughter of the famous
Sir Thomas Brown, of Norwich. He died at Windsor, without
issue, and was buried in St. George's chapel there, and on his
grave-stone has this inscription, ^ " Here lyeth the body of major
George Lyttelton, twelfth son of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, in the
county of Worcester, Knight and Baronet, who departed this life
May 31st, anno dom. 171/^ aged seventy-seven."

The daughters all died unmarried ; two of whom lie buried in
Lichfield cathedral, with an inscription on them.

A handsome monument was erected to the memory of Sir
Thomas, and his wife, in Worcester cathedral, with the follow-
ing epitaph :

Near this place, under

A black stone lies interred

The body of Sir Thomas Lyttelton

Of Frank ley in the county of

Worcester Knt. and Bart, who died

In the year of our Lord 1650,

Aged fifty-senven yeares.
And under the same stone also
The body of Dame Catharine

X Pole's History and Antiq of Windsor, p- 384.



LORD LYTTELTON. 343

Lyttelton, his wife, daughter

And sole heir of Sir Thomas

Crompton, in the county of

York, Knt. who died in the

Year of our Lord 1666,
Aged sixty-seaven yeares.

At the top of the monument is placed a shield, containing the
arms of Lyttelton, viz. argent, a chevron between three escallops,
sable, with the arms of Ulster in a canton, impaling those of
Crompton, viz. gules, a fess between three lions rampant, or.
N. B. the fess should have been wavy, and not plain.

Upon a flat grave-stone, under the monument, (which was
lately removed, together with all the other grave-stones, in the
body and side isles of the cathedral) was this inscription in capital
letters :

Let no man slight.
His mortalitie
Anno \Q4g.y

These words were appointed to be hereon inscribed
by Sir Thomas Lyttelton, of Frankley in the
county of Worcester, Knt. and Bart, who died the
22d of February, 1 649, and was buried under this
stone, together with Dame Katharine, his wife,
who died the 24th of June, 1666, full of years and
good works.



D



Sir Thomas got a very good estate with this lady ; but the
whole was sold by him and his son. Sir Henry, while they were
under imprisonment and sequestration, for adhering to the royal
cause. She brought him the manors of Skidby and Euston, with
lands and tenements in Beverley, Ayke, Rippon, Holdenby, Dar-
field. Thorp, and Slatborn, together with the advowson of Slat-
born, also the rectorial tithes of Willesdale, alias Guilsdalej a
moiety of a mill in Norton and Sutton, all in the county of York ;
the rectory impropriate of St. Olaves, in York city j the tithes of

y The dates of the year of his death are different, but cut so on the
stones.



344 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Barrow, Possenhill, Arlestree, Swynney, Wigwick, Harley, Acton
Round, and Payntcn, all in the county of Salop ; the manor of
Hounslow, in Middlesex ; the rectory impropriate, and advowson
of the vicarage of Laxton, in com. Nottingham ; the rectory im-
propriate, and advowson of the vicarage of All Saints, in North-
ampton J with divers lands and tenements in Blisworth, com.
Northampton ; lands and tenements in Kirkby-Kendal, in West-
morland ; with the rectory impropriate, and advowson of the
said vicarage, and the chantry lands formerly belonging to the
said church; lands and tenements in Litherland, Beckenshaw,
and RufFord, in Lancashire; with divers buildings in Hare-court,
at the Inner Temple, London, called Crompton s Buildings. ^ In
his last will, dated December 20th, l644, " Concerning my
goods (he says) which by these unhappy wars are of small value,
I give my jewels, plate, and chattels of all sorts, to my wife, ex-
cept 3 to my nephew, John Tracy, Esq. my ruby

ring; to Sherington Talbot, Esq. 20/. to my wife 500/. to the
poor of Halesowen, 10/. and of Hagley, five marks, &c." ^

Sir Henry, second Baronet, thefifth, but eldest survimng son,
succeeded his father in title and estate. Anno l654, he was
seized by warrant from Cromwell, and confined in the Tower, on
suspicion of having designs to subvert the governnient, a large
quantity of arms being discovered in a private chamber, at his
house at Hagley. ^ He was kept a close prisoner seventeen
months ; his estate put under sequestration, and the then ex-
pensive office of the sheriffalty of Worcestershire laid upon him
(anno \Q55) during his confinement. A very short time before
the restoration took place, he was honoured with the following
letter from the King, all written in his own hand ; which shews
how. high a value the King set upon his services :

" Brussels, Jan. 8th, i66o.
*' To Sir Henry Lyttelton,

" I am well informed how much and how often you have suf-
fered for me, and how much I am beholding to all your relations,
and you may be very sure I have the sense of it that I ought to
have, of which you shall one day have evidence ; in the mean
time cherish your health, and prepare for better times which we

z From original papers, in Lord Lyttelton's custody,
a Ex Autographoin Curia Perogativi
ij Thurloe's State Papers



LORD LYTTELTON. 345

shall enjoy together. Commend me to all your friends, and be
confident you shall always find me to be

" Your affectionate friend

" Charles R."'=

Anno 1660, he was chosen member of parliament for the city
of Litchfield; and the same year I find him one of the jury for
the trial of the regicides.

He was twice married, viz. first to Philadelphia, daughter and
coheir of Thomas Gary, Esq. second son to Robert, Earl of Mon-
mouth, by whom he had no issue. This lady died at Tunbridge
Wells, in her attendance on the Queen (to whom she was lady of
the bedchamber) the 2d of August, l663, and was interred in the
parish church of Tunbridge, where an elegant monument was
erected to her memory, with the following epitaph, written by
Dr. Alestree, provost of Eton :

H. S. L

Philadelphia Lytteltov

Fortunae corporis, animae dotibus

Quantum capit mortalitas

Illustris.

In Thalamis virgo

In urbe matrona

In aula demum ipsa Christiana

Nullibi honestius forma.

Nee pulchrius virtus habitabat j

Inter profligates iniquissimi temporis mores

Candorem, modestiam, pietatem, fidem,

Profiteri ausa est et colere,

Tanto melior quo malis proprior.

Dolendum interim.

Quod quae inter ignes, nives

Et morbos incolumitatem retinuit,

Mediis in aquis, flammas

Et vitse praesidiis, mortem reperit :

Siquidem

Ad Tunbrigienses fontes,

Ardente correpta febre

Immortalitate digna et Deo matura,

c Original, in the hands of the Lord Bishop of Carlisle



346 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Ad coslestem aulam transiit,

Mensis Aug. die 2°. anno l663.

^tat. 32.

Serenissimae Catharinae Angliae Reginae

A Privata Camera.

Henrici Lyttelton

In agro Wigorn^ Baronetti

Uxor.

ThoMjE Gary

RoBERTi Gomitis Monumethen. F.

Et

Serenissimo Garolo I'"" a Cubiculo

Filia natu major

Et
Ex semisse haeres.

His second wife was the Hon. Elizabeth Newport, daughter
of Francis, Viscount Newport (afterwards Earl of Bradford) by
whom also he had no issue. She survived him above thirty
years, and became wife to Edward Harvey, of Gomb in Surry,
Esq.

Sir Henry died at Over-Arley in Staffordshire (where he
chiefly resided) the 24th of June, 1(593, aged sixty-nine ; and
was buried in that church, where is a very handsome monument
erected to his memory, ornamented with a shield, containing his
own arras and supporters, and eleven quarterings, with the fol-
lowing inscription :

In the vault beneath is interred the body of Sir
Henry Lyttelton Baronet of Frankley, in the
county of Worcester; who died the 24th of June,
l6o3, aged 6q years. He was first married to Mrs.
Philadelphia Gary, one of the daughters and
coheirs of Mr. Thomas Gary, son of the Earl of
Monmouth; and after her death to the Hon. Mrs.
Elizabeth Newport, of Bradford in Shropshire;
to whose memory this monument is erected by his
brother and heir. Sir Gharles I/Yttelton, Kct.
and Bart.

In the chancel of this church lies also buried his
brother^ Gaptain William Lyttelton, and his



LORD LYTTELTON. 347

beloved nephew, Henry Lyttelton, eldest son
of Sir Chaklks Lyttelton.

Sir Charles, third Baronet, brother and heir to Sir Henrv,
took to arms early in his youth ; and, during the civil wars, was
in the town of Colchester, when it underwent that severe siege
from Cromwell's forces. After the surrender of the town, he
escaped into France; but returned to England in the year \65Q,
just before Sir George Booth's rising in Cheshire for the King.
How considerable a share he had in that bold and spirited at-
tempt, to restore the King and constitution, appears by the fol-
lowing passage, in Lord Mordaunt's letter to the King, concern-
ing that transaction :

'« Calais, Oct. nth, 1659.
" Charles Lyttelton landed here yesterday, and desires his
duty may be humbly presented to your Majesty. I cannot for-
bear doing him right to assure your Majesty, no person appeared
more considerable (Sir George Booth only excepted) than he 3
and he had undoubtedly carried Shrewsbury, but that one mis-
fortune on another happened, &c."

That design miscarrying, he was taken prisoner, and confined
in the Gatehouse, Westminster ; but soon obtaining his liberty, he
returned to his royal master, and served him in a private capacity
with more success than he had been able to do in a public one j
for it appears by other letters, in the Ormond Collection (from
whence the above was extracted'') that he was employed on
many secret and important messages, between the King and his
friends in England, at that critical conjuncture, just preceding the
restoration. How favourably Sir Edward Hyde thought of him,
at that time, though he does not vouchsafe to mention him in his
history, appears from the following letter of his to the Marquis
of Ormond :

*' Colonel Whitley tells me, that Charles Lyttelton is gone
post to the King, with letters to the King from my Lord Mor-
daunt. I shall not need to desire you to make very much of
Charles Lyttelton, who is a very worthy young man; and, I pray
you oblige him to tell you (and call to him from me) the plea-

<l Carte's Collection of Letters, vol. ii. p. 227.



348 PEERAGE OF ENGIAND

sant discourse he had with Lord Berkeley, the morning before his
departure 5 and if he be not worth his weight in gold, &c/' '

Anno 1 662, he was knighted, and went soon after to Jamaica,
with Lord Windsor, as lieutenant-governor j who quickly leaving
that island, on account of ill health, Sir Charles Lyttelton re-
mained sole governor, and built the town of Port Royal, which
was ahnost entirely destroyed by the great earthquake, in I692.
On his return to England, he was appointed colonel of the Duke
of York's regiment. Anno 1673, he was made governor of
Sheerness and Landguard fort ; and had other employments under
the crown in the reign of King Charles IL During King James
IPs reign, he sat in parliament for the borough of Bewdley, and
bad the command of the Princess of Denmark's legiment, and
was brigadier-general tiil the revolution, when he resigned all his
employments, on account of the oaths, and retired to his house at
West-Sheene, near Richmond, till his brother Sir Henry's death,
when he settled at Hagley, for the remainder of his life.

He was twice married : first, to Catherine, daughter of Sir
William Fairfax, of Steton in Yorkshire, Knight, (and widow of
Mr. Lister) by whom he had one son, born at sea, in their passage
from England to Jamaica j who, together with the mother, died
not long after in that island, and were both interred in the church
of Spanish Town. A monument was erected there to her me-
mory, on which are inscribed these epitaphs :

M.S.

His jacet Cathakina Lyttelton,

Filia D. D. Gul. Fairfax, de Steton in comitatu

Eboracensi, Equitis Aurati. Uxor D. D.

Caroli Lyttelton, Equitis Aurati,

Et in Jamaica Vice-Gubernatoris 3

Obiit Januar, 26.

1662.

Hie situs est Henricus Lyttelton, D. D.

Caroli Lyttelton et Catharinje uxoris

Suae in vicina sepultae filiolus seraestris

Obiit Feb. 1. A. D. 1 662.

e Carte's Collection of Letters, vol ii. .227.



LORD LYTTELTON. 849

His second wife was Anne, daughter and coheir of Thomas
Temple, of Frankton in Warwickshire, by Rebecca, daughter of
Sir Nicholas Carew, of Beddington in Surry, Knt. who brought
him five sons, and eight daughters, viz.

Henry and Charles, who died in their infancy.

Another Henry, who was captain of horse, and died unmar-
ried ; another Charles, who took to wife Anne, daughter and
heir of Thomas Saunders, of Beechwood in Hertfordshire, Esq,
(and widow of Sir Thomas Sebright, of Besford in Worcestershire,
Bart.) by whom he had no issue. He departed this life August
16th, 1712, and was buried at Over-Arley.

Thomas, \hejifth son, became heir to his father.

Of the daughters, Anne; Elizabeth; Anne Charlotte, died
young; Catherine died unmarried, May 24th, 1742; Cary was
the wife of Sir Theophilus Biddulph, of Elmhurst in Staffordshire,
Bart, and died April 18th, 1741 ; Mary was married to William
Plowden, of Plowden in Shropshire,*^ and died January 15th,
1745-6; Anne married Joseph Amphlett, of dentin Stafford-
shire, Esq. and died May 25th of May, 1715 ; and Octavia, the
youngest, died unmarried.

Sir Charles s lived to a great age, having the perfect enjoy-
ment of his health and senses to his eighty-seventh year. He de-
parted this life at his seat at Hagley, on May 2d, 1716. Dame
Anne, his widow, survived him two years, dying on August 27th,
17 18, and was buried by her husband in the -vault at Over-
Arley. ''

Sir THOMA<i, fourth Baronet, the fifth but only surviving son,
succeeded his father in title and estates. He was thrice chosen
knight of the shire for Worcestershire, and sat in one parliament
for the borough of Camelford in Cornwall. Anno 1727? he was
appointed a lord of the admiralty, which he resigned anno 1741 ;
and at the same time declined a re-election to parliament on ac-
count of ill health and infirmities. He married Christian, maid
of honour to Queen Anne, daughter to Sir Richard Temple, of
Stow in Bucks, Bart, (by Mary, the daughter and coheir of
Henry Knap, of Weston in Oxfordshire, Esq.) and sister the late
Lord Viscount Cobham, by whom he had six sons, and as many
daughters,

f They had issue a daughter, the wife of Mr. Wright, a banker in Covent
Garden She died in child-bed, March 30th, 1739
g See a portrait of him in Harding'* Edition of the Memtin of Qi ammotr .



350 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Fi rst, George , Jirs t peer.

Second, Thomas, who was page of honour to the Princess
Royal Anne, and died unmarried on April l6th, 1729,

Third, Charles, formerly of the Middle Temple, and barrister
of law 5 but entering into holy orders, in August, 1742, became
rector of Alvechurch, in com. Wigorn. In December, 1747> ap-
pointed one of his late Majesty's chaplains in ordinary j and in
May, 1748, promoted to the deanery of the cathedral church of
Exeter. On the 21st ofMarch, 1762, he was consecrated Bishop
OF Carlisle, (on the translation of bishop Osbaldistou to the see of
London,) and died possessed of that see, at his house in Clifford-
street, December 22d, 1768, unmarried, and was buried at Hag-
ley. He was eminent for his knowledge of English antiquities.

Fourth, Richard, who died in his infancy.

Fifth, Another Richard, first page of honour to Queen Caro-
line; then successively ensign of the guards ; captain of marines ;
aid-de-camp to the Earl of Stair at the battle of Dettingen j de-
puty quarter-master-general in South Britain, with the rank of
lieutenant-colonel, and lieutenant-general. On the 11th of De-
cember, 1756, he was appointed master of the jewel-office, which
he resigned in December, 17^2, when he was appointed captain-
general and commander-in-chief of the island of Minorca. April
19th, 1766, having resigned the government of Minorca, he was
appointed governor of the island of Guernsey, &c. In the par-
liament summoned to meet on the 13th of August, \7'^7i ^^ was
elected member for Biackley ; and in the next parliament sat for
Poole, in the county of Dorset. On the 27th of December, 1753,
he was installed Knight of the Bath, and died October 1st, 1770,
without issue. He married Rachael, daughter of Wriothesley,
second Duke of Bedford, and widow of Scroop, first Duke of
Bridgewater. Her Grace died at her house in Piccadilly, May
22d, \777.

Sixth, William Henry, third Lord Lytttlton.

Of the daughters. Christian, the eldest, wa'- married to Tho-
mas Pitt, of Boconnock in Cornwall, Esq. She died at Hagley,
June the 5th, 1750, and was there buried. She was mother of
the first Lord Camelford.

Mary, Penelope, and Amelia, all died unmarried.

Anne, the wife of the late Francis Ay.scoiigh, D. D. clerk of
the closet to the late Prince of Wales, and first preceptor to his
present Majesty, and the late Duke of York, and afterwards dean



LORD LYTTELTON. 351

of Bristol. She ^ died at her house in Lisle-street, Leicester-
square, on March 30th, I776, aged sixty-four. She was mother
of Captain Ayscough, and Lady Cockburn.

Hester, the youngest, married, in 17^3, to John Fitzmaurice,
Esq. of Springfield, in the county of Limerick, in Ireland.

Sir Thomas died at Hagley, the 14th of September, 1/51,
aged sixty-six years, and was interred by the remains of his wife
(who died the 10th of April, 1748, aged fifty-nine years) in the
vault at Hagley, to whose memories an elegant monument is
erected in the chance], with the following inscriptions :

To the Memory of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, Bart.

Whose sound judgment, inflexible integrity and universal candour,

Recoinmended him to the Esteem of all Parties.
He was knight of the shire fur the county of Worcester in three

successive Parliaments,
And one of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty fourteen

Years,

Where he behaved with Impartiality, Prudence and Honour:

But his ill Health obliging him to withdraw fi-om Business,

He resigned that employment

And lived retired

In the continual Exercise of all the Virtues

Which can enoble a private Life,

Hospitality, Charity, unbounded Benevolence,

But more especially of that most difficult and truly heroical Virtue,

Fortitude in bearing violent Pain,

With which it pleased God to try him in an extraordinary Manner,

And which instead of diminishing the Vigour of his Mind

Gave it additional Strength.

He felt every public and private Calamity,

More than the Intenseness of his own SufFerinsrs.

Which he seem'd to forget.

While he was meditating the Relief

Or advancing the Felicity of others.

To the great Author of all Good his Heart overflow'd witk

Gratitude,

And his Tongue with Praise,

Even amidst the severest Agonies,

f Coffin Plate.



352 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Especially for that divine Grace

Which enabled hira to support them.

And for that unimpair'd Understanding

Of which he made the noblest use to his last Moments,

Dying as he had lived,

With unari'ected Greatness of Mind,

With modest Dignity,

With calm Resignation,

And humble but confident Hopes in the Mercy of God,

Through the Merits of Jesus Christ his Redeemer,

Sept. the 14. Ann. Dom. 1/51,

In the 66. Year of his Age.

In the same Vault lies interr'd



Online LibraryArthur CollinsCollins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical → online text (page 32 of 56)