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The Body of Dame CiiKisriAN,

The Wife of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, Bart.

Daughter of Sir Richakd Temple, Bart.

Of Stow in the County of Bucks,

A Lady of excellent Piety,

And of a most gentle

And sweet Disposition,

By whom he had twelve Children,

Six Sons and six Daughters.

She was born the 1 1 of June 1(588,

Was married in the Year 17OS,

And died, beloved and mourned

By her Family, by her Neighbours,

And by the Poor, Apr. 10, 1748.

To both his most dear

And most honour'd Parents

Sir Geokge Lyttelton, Bart.

Raised and inscribed this Stone.

- George, first Lord Lyttelton, the eldest son and heir to
Sir Thomas, sat in several parliaments for the borough of Oke-
hampton in Devon. Anno 1737, he was appointed principal se-
cretary to the Prince of Wales, father of his present Majesty ; and
in 17'i4, one of the lords commissioners of the Treasury, which
resigning in 175^, he was made cofterer to his Majesty's household,
and privy-counsellor. Having resigned the office of cofferer, in
December, 1755, he was appointed Chancellor and Under


Treasurer of his Majesty's Court of ExcHEauES ; and by letters
patent, dated the iQth of November, 1/57, 31 Geo. II, was created
a Peer of Great Britain, by the style and title of Lord Lyttel-
TON, Baron of Frankley , in the comity oj TVorcester.

He married Lucy, the daughter of Hugh Fortescue, of Filleigh
in com. Devon, Esq. by Lucy, his second wife, the daughter of
Matthew, Lord Aylraer; and had one son,

Thomas, the second peer, and two daughters ;

Lucy, married on the lOlh of May, 1/(57, at St. James's
church in Westminster, to the Right Hon. Arthur, Viscount Va-
lentia, of the kingdom of Ireland, now Earl of Mountnorris.

And Mary, who died an infant.

This Lady died the Igth of January, 1/46-7, and was buried
at Over Arley ; but a very elegant monument is erected to her
memory in the chanctl of the church at Hagley, containing the
following inscriptions :

To the

Memory of Lucy Lyttelton,

Daughter of Hugh Fortescue, of Filleigh

In the County of Devon, Esq,

Father to the present Earl of Clinton :

By Lucy his Wife,

The Daughter of Matthew Lord Aylmer,

Who departed this Life the ipth of Jan. 1746-7,

Aged twenty-nine.

Having employed the short Term assigned to her here

In the uniform Practice of Religion and Virtue.

Made to engage all Hearts and charm all eyes ;
Though meek, magnanimous; though witty, wise}
Polite, as all her Life in Courts had been ;
Yet good, as she the World had never seen 3
The noble Fire of an exalted Mind
With gentlest female Tenderness combined.
Her Speech was the melodious Voice of Love,
Her Song the warbling of the vernal Grove,
Her Eloquence was sweeter than her Song,
Soft as her Heart, and as her Reason strong.
Her Form each Beauty of her Mind exprest^
Her Mind was Virtue by the Graces drest.



M. S.

Luci^ Lyttelton

Ex antiquisslmorum Fortescutorum genere ortac;

Quae annos nata viginti novem,

Formae eximia?, indolis optimse, ingenii maximi.

Omnibus bonis ardbus, literisque bumanioribus^

Supra astatem & sexum exculti.

Sine superbia laude florens,

Morte immatura

Vitam pie, pudice, sanct^ actam

In tertio puerperio clausit,

Decimo nono die Januarii,

Anno Domini 1746-7.

Fleta etiam ab ignotis.

Uxori dilectissimo

Quinquennio felicissimo conjugii nondum absolute

Immensi amoris ac desiderii hoc qualecunque monumentum

Posuit Georgius Lyttelton,

Adhuc, eheu ! superstes.

At in eodem sepulchre ipse olim sepeliendus,

Et per Jesum Christum Salvatorem suum.

Ad vitae melioris diuturniora guadia

Lacrymis in aeternum abstarsis,
Se cum ilia resurrecturum confidens.

Lord Lyttelton married to his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter
of Sir Robert Rich, Bart, by whom he had no issue. She died
September l/th, 1/95.

Plis Lordship, who was also one of the Fellows of the Royal
Society, departed this life at Hagley, on August 22d, 1773. The
physician who attended his Lordship in his last illness, has given
the following account ihereof, in a letter *■ dated August 28th :
" On Sunday evening the symptoms of his Lordship's disorder,
which for a week past had alarmed us, put on a fatal appearance,
and his Lordship believed himself to be a dying man. From this
time he suffered by restlessness rather than pain j and tliough his
nerves were apparently much fluttered, his mental faculties never
seemed stronger when he was thoroughly awake.

" His Lordship's bilious and hepatic complaints seemed alone
not equal to the expected mournful event ; his long want of sleep,

f Addressed to Mrs. Montagu.


whether the consequence of the irritation in the bowels, or which
is more probable, of causes of a different kind, accounts for his
loss of strength, and for his death "ery sufficiently.

" Though his Lordship wished his approaching dissolution
not to be lingering, he waited for it with resignation. He said,
it is a folly, a keeping me in misery now to attempt to prolong
life; yet he was easily persuaded for the satisfaction of others, to
do or take any thing thought proper for him. On Saturday he
had been remarkably better, and we were not without some hopes
of his recover}'.

" On Sunday, about eleven in the forenoon, his Lordship sent
for me, and said he felt a great hurry, and wished to have a little
conversation with me in order to divert it. He then proceeded
to open the fountains of that heart, from whence goodness had so
long flowed as from a copious spring. Doctor, said he, you shall
be my confessor; when I first set out in the world, I had friends
who endeavoured to shake my belief in the Christian religion. I
saw difficulties which staggered me; but I kept my mind open to
conviction. The evidences and doctrines of Christianity, studied
with attention, made me a most firm and persuaded believer of
the Christian religion. I have made it the rule of my life, and it
is the ground of my future hopes, I have erred and sinned ; but
have repented, and never indulged any vicious habit. In politics
and public life, I have made public good the rule of my conduct,
I never gave counsels which I did not at that time think best. I
have seen that I was sometimes in the wrong, but did not err
designedly. I have endeavoured in private life to do all the good
in my power, and never for a moment could indulge malicious or
unjust designs upon any person whatsoever.

" At another time, he said, I must leave my soul in the same
state it was in before this illness ; I find this a very inconvenient
time for solicitude about any thing,

*' On the evening when the symptoms of death came on, he
said, I shall die; but it will not be your fault. When Lord and
Lady Valentia came to see his Lordship, he gave them his solemn
benediction, and said, be good, be virtuous, my Lord, you must
come to this. Thus he continued giving his dying benedictions
to all around him. On Monday morning, a lucid interval gave
some small hopes, but these vanished in the evening ; and he con-
tinued dying, but with very little uneasiness, till Tuesday morn-
ing, August 22d, when between seven and eight o'clock he ex-
pired, almost without a groan,"


His Lordship was buried at Hagley, and the following inscrip-
tion is cut on the side of his Lady's monument :

This unadorned stone, was placed here.

By the particular desire and

Express directions of the late Right Honourable

George Lord Lyttelton,

Who died August 22d, 1773, aged 64.

" I remember,'' says Mrs. Montagu in a letter to Lord Kaims,
"■ Sir William Temple says, in one of his Essays, that when he
recollects how many excellent men and amiable women of his
acquaintance have died before him, he is ashamed to be alive.
With much more reason than Sir William Temple, whose merit
I dare say was equal at least to that of any of the friends he sur-
vived, I feel this very strongly. I have lived in the most intimate
connexion with some persons of the highest character in this agej
ihey are gone, and I remain : all that adorned me is taken away,
and only a cypress wreath remains. I used to boirow some lustre
from them, but now I seem respectable (even in my own eyes)
only as the mourner of departed merit. I agree with your Lord-
ship, that 1 ought not to lament the death of Lord Lyttelton on
his account. His virtue could not have been more perfect in this
mortal state, nor his character greater than it is with all those
whose praise could be an object to a wise and worthy man. He
now receives the full reward of those virtues, which here, though
they gave him a tranquil cheerfulness amidst many vexations, and
the sufferings of sickness, yet could not bring a perfect calm to
the wounds his paternal affection suffered. When 1 consider how
unhappy his former, how blessed his present condition, I am
ashamed to lament him. The world has lost the best example^
modest merit the most zealous protector, mankind its gentlest
friend. My loss is unspeakable; but as the friendship of so ex-
cellent a man is the best gift of God, and I am sensible I was
never deserving of so great a blessing, I ought rather to offer
thanks it was bestowed, than repine it was taken away ; and only
to beg, that by the remembrance of his precepts and example, I
may derive the same helps to doing my duty in all relations of
life, and social engagements, as I did from his advice. But virtue
never speaks with such persuasion as when she borrows the accents
of a friend. Moreover, my time in this world will probably be
very short, and if it were long, I could not forget to admire so


admirable a pattern of goodness — I ever am, my lord, &c. &c.
Elizabeth Montagu."

" On this occasion," says Mrs. Elizabeth Carter, s "■ I trust
our excellent friend is rejoicing in his escape from the suffer-
ings of a probationary life. It would be absolutely selfish to
wish him back to a world where his trials derived their most
painful acuteness from the sensibility of his virtue." " You
say Lord Lyttelton * became a christian ^ from philosophical en-
quiry.' But upon that enquiry he entered with a mind undis-
turbed by passion, and unbiassed by prejudice ; and, consequently,
with a heart full of virtuous dispositions. Had his head been ever
so speculative and philosophical ; with the pride, and malevolence,
and dissoluteness of Bolingbroke, or the pert paradoxical vanity
of Hume, with all his enquiries he had remained an unbeliever."
He was succeeded by his son, Thomas, second Lord Lyt-
telton, born January 30th, i7-^-^> " a man of a very different

" With great abilities, generally very ill applied ; with a strong
sense of religion, which he never suffered to influence his conduct,
his days were mostly passed in splendid misery ; and in the
pain/ul change of the most extravagant gaiety, and the deepest
despair. The delight, when he pleased, of the first and most
select societies, he chose to pass his time, for the most part, with
the most profligate and abandoned of both sexes. Solitude was
to him the most insupportable torment, and to banish reflection,
he flew to company whom he despised and ridiculed. His con-
duct was a subject of bitter regret both to his father and all his

His Lordship married at Hales Owen in Staffordshire, on June
2(5th, 1772, Apphia, second daughter of Jiroome Witts, late of
Cheping Norton in Oxfordshire, Esq. and relict of Joseph Peach,
late governor of Calcutta in the East Indies.

His Lordship was chief justice in Eyre of his Majesty's forests
north of Trent, and high steward of Bewdley. His Lordship
died at his seat at Pitt-place, Epsom, November 27th, 1779, s. p.
whereby the English Peerage became extinct.

William Henry, re-created Lord Lyttelton, sixth son of
Sir Thomas Lyttelton, was twice chosen member of parliament for

g See Pennington's Memoirs of Mrs. Carter, 8vo. vol. i. p. 430.
h How sincere he was in that conviction, may be learnt from all his
works, especially that excellent one " On the conversion of St. Paul''
i Pennington's Memoirs of Mrs Carter, Svo.


Bewdley in Worcestershire, viz. in November, 174S, on the de-
cease of William Bowles, Esq.j and at th6 next general election
in 1754.

In January, 1/55, he was appointed governor of South Caro-
lina J which resigning in 176O, he was constituted governor of
the island of Jamaica ; and returning to England in July, 1766,
he was on the lOth of October following, appointed his Majesty's
envoy extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the King of Portugal.

On July 21st, l/jO, he was advanced to the dignity of a
Baron of Ireland, by the title of Baron IFestcote, of Baltimore in
the county of Longford.

On August 13th, 1794, his Lordship was advanced to the
British Peerage by the title of Lord Lyttelton, Baron of
Frankley in the county of Worcester.

His Lordship married, in June, 1761, Mary, daughter and
coheiress of James Macartney, Esq. of Longford in Ireland, by
whom (who died in 1765) he had

Hester, born in Jamaica, March 17th, 17^2, married, August
20th, 1783, to Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart, of Stourhead, Wilts,
(and has issue Henry-Richard).

And two sons.

First, George-Fulke, born October 27th, 1763.

Second, Charles-Adam, born December 28th, 1764, bred to
tlie sea, and, being a lieutenant of the Robuste ship of war, was
killed near the capes of Virginia, in an engagement, March l6th,

His Lordship married, secondly, February 13th, 1774, Caro-
line, daughter of John Bristow, Esq, late of Quiddeuham in Nor-
folk, by whom he had issue,

Caroline-Anne, born November 10th, 1774, manied. May
4th, 1808, the Right Hon. Reginald Pole Carew, of Anthony in

Edward-Henry, born December 4th, 1 7/5 j died June ISth,

William, born November 10th, 1/76; died October 27th,


John, born September 29th, 1779; died February 10th, 179O.

Meriel, born November 7th, 178O; died March 13th, I78I.

William-Henry, born April 3d, 1782. now M. P. for Worces-
tershire. ,

His Lordship dying September 14th, 1S08, was succeeded by
his eldest son


George-Fulke, fourth Lord Lyttelton.

His Lordship was born October 27th, 1762.

Titles. George- Fulke Lyttelton, Lord Lyttelton^ Baron of

Creations. Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley, August 13th,
1794 ; and Baron Westcote in Ireland, July 21st, 17/6.

Arms. Argent, a cheveron, between three escallops, sable. »

Crest. On a wreath, a Moor's head in profile, couped proper,
with a wreath about the head, argent and sable. N, B. This was
truly the crest of Westcote ; that of Lyttleton, borne by Thomas
de Luttelton, grandfather to the judge (temp. Hen. IV.) being a
greyhound's head, collared.

Supporters, Two tritons, or mermen, with tridents, all proper.

Motto. Ung DiEii, UNG Roy.

CAief Seats. Hagley-Hall, in Worcestershire (Frankley-
House, the more ancient seat of the family, being burnt in the
last civil war) .

i In the Vis. of Salop, C. 20, Heralds Office, there is an achievement con-
sisting of 84 coats, which this family had a right to quarter, anno 1624, vi?.
France and England quarterly within a bordure gobone (tor Beaufort, Duke
of Somerset) as maternally descended from John of Gaunt, son to King Ed-
ward III. Also Somery, Beauchamp, Talbot, Berkeley, Paston, D'Abitot,
Lisle, Clare, Holland, Nevil, Grey, and other noble families.




The first person on whom this peerage was conferred was the
maternal uncle of the present peer's father, viz.

The late Right Hon. Welbore Ellis, who was created
Baron of Mendip, in the county af Somerset, on August 13th,
1 794, with a collateral remainder to the issue male of the body
of his sister Anne, wife of Henry Agar, Esq. of Gowran, in Ire-

This venerable peer was a younger son of the Rt. Rev. Dr.
Welbore Ellis, Bishop of Meath in Ireland, from 1731 to 1733,
by Diana, daughter of Sir John Briscoe, by Lady Anne Knollys,
daughter of the Earl of Banbury.

He was born in 17^4, and admitted on the foundation of
Westminster school, at the age of fourteen, in I728 j whence ha
was elected in 1732 to a studentship in Christ church, Oxford.
Here he took the degrees of A. B. and A. M.

Soon after quitting the University he came into parliament ;
and in 1749, was appointed a Lord of the Admiralty under Mr.
Pelham's administration.

In 1755, he resigned his seat at the admiralty ; and became a
vice-treasurer of Ireland, which he enjoyed till December, 1762.
In 1763, he was appointed Secretary at War, on Mr.
George Grenville's appointment to be first lord of the Treasury.
He retained this office till the fall of Mr. Grenville's ministry in
176', when he was re-instated a vice-treasurer of Ireland : but
this he only retained till October in the following year.


When Lord North became Premier, in 1770^ Mr. Ellis was
again appointed a vice-treasurer of Ireland.

He retained this place till 1777, when he was made Trea-
surer OF THE Navy.

In February, 1782, he accepted the office of Secretary op
State for the colonies ; but the fall of the Administration quickly
afterwards gave him but a short possession of this office j and he
never afterwards filled any political situation.

When Mr. Pitt came into power, in December 1783, Mr.
Ellis followed the fortune of his friends; and at this period, after
an active political life of forty-four years, he saw himself for the
first time in opposition.

He continued steadily to support the measures of this party,
till the schism, which took place in 1793 on the subject of the
French Revolution and the late war; when Mr. Ellis, whose prin-
ciples and disposition equally led him to disapprove of the French
rulers, joined with the Duke of Portland and Mr. Burke in giving
countenance to the system of Administration. He was however
now too far advanced in years to take an active part in the politics
of the day; and on the introduction of the Duke of Portland into
the cabinet, he was, with many others of his Grace's friends,
created a Peer of the realm, by patent dated August 13th, 179I,
by the title of Lord Mendip, as aforesaid.

From this time his Lordship led a life of learned ease and dig-
nified retirement, contenting himself with the society of his pri-
vate fi lends, and reaping the fruits of a good education, and a
well-spent life. He was of an active and diligent turn of mind;
a con-ect and accurate, though not an eloquent, speaker in parlia-
ment ; and, notwithstanding his connection with so many admi-
nistrations, and his Long familiarity of office, of spotless integrity.
It was his principle in general to support the measures of govern-
ment; but his political opinions were ever consistent, and his
political attachments were firm and unshaken.

His Lordship was an excellent classical scholar; and on every
subject a well-informed man ; and the library which he left be-
hind is said to have been one of the most numerous and valuable
private collections in the kingdom. ^

His Lordship married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Wil-
liam Stanhope, K. B. who died August 1st, 1761, without issue.
In right of her he enjoyed Pope's villa at Twickenham j which
was bought by Sir William after Pope's death, l7-i4.

» From his character in Gent. Mag. vol. Ixxii. p. 187— 18S-.


He married, secondly, a sister and heir of the late Right Hon,
Hans Stanley ; in right of whom he enjoyed, after Mr. Stanley's
death, the beautiful seat at Poulton's in the New Forest, Hants.
This Lady survived him.

His Lordship died at his house in Brook-street, Hanover-
square, February 2d, 1802, aet. eighty-nine, without issue; on
which the Barony of Mendip descended to his great nephew
Henry Welbore Agar, Viscount Ciifden of Ireland.


■ This family derives its descent from

Charles Agar, of the city of York, Esq, who married Ellis
of the family of Blanchevillestown, in the county of Kilkenny j
and by her was father of

James Agar, of Gowran in the county of Kilkenny, Esq. who
acquired a considerable estate, served in parliament for the borough
of St. Canice, Kilkenny, died November 30th, 1733, aged sixty-
three, and was interred at Gowran, where a handsome monument
is erected to his memory. On January 10th, 1692, he married
Susanna, daughter of John Alexander, Esq. by whom he had

James, and two other sons, who all died young.

He married, secondly, Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Henry
Wemys, ^ of Dane's fort. Knight, and had issue by her, who died

b Sir Patrick Wemys, Knt. a native of Scotland, was a captain-lieute-
nant to the Earl of Ormond in the army of King Charles I.; and November
izd, 1 641, entered Drogheda with fifty horse for its defence. He married
Mary, sister to Oliver Wheeler, of Grenan in the Queen's county, Esq. and
dying in May i66t, was interred 31st of that month in St. Audven's church,
Dublin, with his lady, who was interred there on the same day in the pre-
ceding year, having had issue, first, Sir James ; second, Thomas, who left no
issue ; third, Morris, who had a son Francis ; fourth, Sir Henry ; and, fifth,
Jonas. Sir James Wemys, Knt. Feb. 5, 1661;, married Judith, daughter of Sir
William U:>her, Knt. clerk of the council, and sister to Christopher Usher,
Esq. by which Lady he had only two daughters, Elizabeth, and Judith. He
made his will October ist, 1672, proved November i8th following, and
thereby appointed his brother Henry, and his nephew Francis, son of his de-
ceased brother Morris, executors ; bequeathed to his wife dame Judith 200/.
a year, and after the payment of his debts, 50/. a year more, in augmentation
of her jointure ; to his daughter Elizabeth 2000 i. ; and to his daughter Marf
x^ool. He devised his estate to his brother Henry and his heirs male ; and
his nephew Francis and his heirs male, by equal moieties to be divided be-
tween them, and in case of failure of each of their issue male, the other and
his issue male to inherit; remainder to his right heirs. Sir Henry Wemys
of Dunfert, usually called Dane's- Fort in co. of Kilkenny, Knt, succeeded ac-
cording to the will of his brother, married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir


April 18th, 177 1, aged one hundred and six, seven children, three
of whom died young, and were buried at Gowran : the survivor*
were, two sons and two daughters, viz.

First, Henry, his heir.

Second, James, of Ringwood in county of Kilkenny, member
of parliament for the borough of Gowran, who, July 6th, 1741,
married Rebecca, only daughter of William, Lord Castle-Durrow,
whose son Henty was created Viscount Ashbrook, and lost his
life in IJQQ in a duel with Henry Flood, Esq having had issue
James, who died in July, 175/; Henry Flower, also deceased;
George, heir to his father j and Charles, born May 28th, 1755,
Archdeacon of Em!y ; daughter Mary, baptized July l6th, 1743,
married, August 30th, 176O, to Philip Savage, Esq. and is de-
ceased ; Ellis-Mayo also deceased ; George, who succeeded

at Ringwood, was born April 18th, 1754, and represented the
borough of Callan in the, county of Kilkenny in parliament 1789,

George Blundell, Knt. ^from whom descended the Viscounts Blundell, a title
now extinct) and had issue two sons and three daughters, viz first, Patrick,
his heirj second, Cornet Henry, who died in October 1753, unmarried,
daughter Mary, married to James Agar, of Gowran, Esq, as in text ; Sarah (to
Rev. Hartstonge Martin, of Kilkenny, by whom she had Elizabeth, who in
1748 married Christopher Robinson, Esq one of the justices of the court of
King's Bench, and by him, who died in January 1787, had a son, Christo-
pher, in holy orders) ; and Elizabeth, married in fJay 1706, to Arthtu- Webb,
of Webbsborough in the county of Kilkenny, Esq who died September i8th,
1748. Patrick. Wemys, Esq. served many years in parliament for the
county of Kilkenny; May 14th, 1702, married a daughter of Sir William
Handcock, Knt. recorder of Dublin, and died in 1747, having issue by heti
who died in 1740, three sons and seven daughters, viz Henry, who served
in parliament for the borough of Callan, and died suddenly in London, Oc-
tober i2th, 1750, unmaiTied ; Patrick, (heir to his brother, was made a
captain of foot in April 1740, served in parliament for the county of Kilkenny ;
married, July ist, 1750, to Catherine, daughter of Francis, twenty-first Lord
Athenry, and died in 1762 without issue by his Lady, who remarried with -—

Online LibraryArthur CollinsCollins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical → online text (page 33 of 56)