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was passionately divided between them ; his Majesty therefore, in

father, is lawfully come of the royal bluid, as lyneally descending from father
to son of the house of Evandale, whaes first progenitor, not long synsyne, was
son to Duke Murdake, begotten in lav/full bed, who was son to Duke Robert
of Albany, who was uncle, tutor, and governour, a lang time, to umquhill
(the latej King James the first, his nepot, (nephew). And thereupon the
said Earl asked and toke instruments in due and competent form, &c " This
Earl after many and various scenes of life was divested of all his offices and
honours, and for several years lived a retired life, without any other designa-
tion than that of Captain Sie-wart ; and having been the regent Morton's ac-
cuser, was in revenge put to death by Sir James Douglas of Fortherald, in
1596.

Third, Sir William Steward, of Monkton, who was killed by the Earl of
Bothwell, and left no issue.

Fourth, Sir Henry ; and,

Fifth, Robert, of Wester-Braco,left no issue. *

Andrew Stewart, the eldest son, and heir apparent to tlie third Lord
Ochiltrie, obtained several charters under the great seal, as Andrei^ Magistro
de Ochiltrie, of the lands and barony of Ochiltrie, the five merk land of Port-
carrick, and several others between the years 1578 and 1584. He married
Margaret, eldest daughter of Henry second Lord Methven, and deceased
before his father, having had issue two sons and four daughters, viz. Andrew,
heir to his grandfather ; Josias, of Bonniton, who died without issue; Anne,
married to Sir Henry Ker, of Fernyliirst, after Lord Jedburgli ; Margaret, to
John Stewart, of Traquair ; Margery, to Sir Roger Aston, of England, and
gentleman of the bed-chamber to KingJamesVL; Martha, to Nicol Ruther-
ford, of Hundely ; Mary, to Sir George Crawfurd, of Lifnurris ; and Isabel,
to Gilbert Kennedy, of Bargeny. f

Andrew, the elder son, succeeding his grandfather in 159Z + became
X\\e fourth Lord Ochiltrie, and obtaining several charters under the great seal
about 1 601, was therein styled Andreir domino Ochiltrie terrarum ecclesiasticarum
de Ochiltrie, &c ^ This nobleman, first lord of the bed-chamber to King
James VI. of Scotland, and I, of England, was general of the artillery and
captain governor of the castle of Edinborough.

He was so expensive in his manner of living, that his own fortune, with
the emoluments of his employments, were not sufficient to support him ;
therefore with the consent of his son Andrew, master of Ochiltrie, and the
approbation of the crown, he sold his Lordship of Ochiltrie, to his cousin. Sir
James Stewart, of Killeth (son of Sir James, of Bothwell-Muir, created Earl
of Arran,) but whose line failed in his great grandson William Stewart, Lord
Ochiltrie, who died in 1675, ^ged sixteen years |(

Whereupon his Majesty, solicitous to preserve the family in some degree
of splendour suitable to their rank and descent, in his letters from West-
minster, May 28th, 161S, thus writes: " We are never forgetful of any good



Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, p. 522. + Ibid, p. 523.

X Charta in pub. Archi. ad ann. 1592.
S Douglas, p. 523. II Idem. p. 524.



LORD STUART. 413

order to settle the whole dispute, upon the hearing all that could
be said by either party, and being desirous to accommodate the
matter himself, caused them to be summoned before the council^ and
both the Earls obeying the charge, it was determined that the Earl
of Huntly should be ordered home to the country, and my Lord
Murray to stay at court for some time. But as soon, says Sir
James Melvil, as Huntly went home, he triumphed, and took
sundry advantages upon the Earl of Murray's lands, giving him
just cause of complaint; and Murray, after sundry representations,
getting no redress, be retired himself from the court, and became
so malcontent, that he took plain part with the Earl of Bothwell,
who had attempted to seize upon the King's person at his palace
of riolyrood House, in order to oblige his Majesty to receive him

services done unto us by our meanest subjects, much less of those which our
trusty and well beloved Andrew Stewart, late Lord Ochiltrie, hath performed
in many kinds, which as we have hitherto retained in our memory for his
good, so we are now pleased to give him a r^al testimony of our gracious ac-
ceptance thereof, by creating him a baron of that our realm : these are there-
fore to require you to issue letters patent under the great seal of our kingdom
of Ireland, creating him Lord Steivart, Baron of Castle-Stewart in the county
of Tyrone, and to the heirs male of his body. He had three sons ; Sir An-
drew, his heir; John, who succeeded; a.r\d R.ohtx:X, ancestor to the present
£ay/ ofCaitle-Steivart hi Ii eland.

Sir James Stuart, of Beat/j, third son of Andrew, third Lord E-vandalCf
Was a man of good parts, and in great favour with King James V. who ap-
pointed him one of the gentlemen of his bed-chamber, lieutenant of the
guards, constable of the castle of Down, steward of Menteath, Strathgartney,
See. He was killed at Dunblain by the Laird of Duntreath ; and his two
brothers, in 1547, having married Margaret, daughter of John, fourth Lord
Lyndsay, of Byres, by whom he had,
First, James, his heir.
Second, Archibald, of Burray, died 9 p.
Third, Henry, of Bucklevie.

Fourth, Elizabeth, married Robert Crichton, of Cluny, lord advocate, by
whom she was mother to the admirable Crichton.

Sir James, eldest son, obtained a creation of his lands into the ^areny
«f Donvn, 1565. He was in great favour with King James VI. and raised by
him to the peerage by the title of Lord Do-wn in 1581. He died in 1590
having married Lady Margaret Campbell, daughter of Archibald, fourth Earl
of Argyle, by whom he had.
First, James.

Second, Henry, Lord St. Colone, who served under Gustavus Adolphus,
but died s. p.

Third, Anne, married Sir James Wemys, of that ilk.
Fourth, Jane, married Simon, Lord Fraser, of Lovat.
James, eldest son, second Lord Doivn, married, by King James's special
appointment, Lady Elixabeth, eldest daughter and coheiress of James Earl of
^^urraji, tie Regent as aboveftntntianed in the text.



414 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

into favour. The Earl of Hnntly being advertised, continues my
author, that his adversary Murray was an outlaw, with the Earl of
Bothwell, he returned to court, to get some advantage of him :
but in the mean time the Lord Ocliiltree endeavouring to reconcile
them with consent of his Majesty, in order thereto drew the Earl
of Murray to Dunibirsel, a seat of his own in Fife, to be near
hand, tliat conditions and articles might be added and arranged at
thr; pleasure ot their friends. The Earl of LIuntly being made
privy to Murray's coming to Dunibirsel, obtained instantly a
commission to pursue the Earl of Bothwell, and all his partakers ;
whereupon with an armed force, consi-ting most of his own vas-
sals and retainers, he unexpectedly beset the house of Dunibirsel ;
and up^n the Earl's refusing to surrender himself to Hunlly, the
house was set on fire: notwithstanding the Earl made his way
through the flames, and also bravely through his more merciless
enemies, and had so far succeeded in his escape, that he was got
fairly out of their hands, and had concealed himself among the
rocks by the sea ; but the tip of his head-piece which had taken
fire before he left the bouse, discovered him through the darkness
of the night, whereupon his enemies set upon, and instantly
murdered him with many circumstantances of barbarity, on Fe-
bruary yih, 1592.

His death was universally regretted, and the King bore it with
extraordinary grief. For little knew, says Sir James Melvil, his
Majesty that Huntly under this general clause of pursuing Both-
well and his accomplices, was minded to assail the Earl of
Murray at his own house, and to kill him as he did, to the regret
of many.

Bv the Counters of Murray, his wife, he left two sons.

First, James, the next Earl.

Second, Francis Stewart, Esq. ; also three daughters.

Margaret, married to Charles Howiird, Earl of Nottingham, ^
of the kingdom of England ; and thereafter to Sir William
Monson, Viscount of Castlemain.

Mary, to Alexander Lord Saltonn.

Grisel, to Sir Robert Lmes, of that ilk^ and had issue.

Which James, fourth Earl of Moray, mavv'ied Anne, daughter
of George Marquis of Huntly, by the special appointment of King
James, to remove the animosity betwixt the families of Huntly
and Murray, and to dispose and unite them in a firm union and

f See Memohs of Peers of Kins Jajnes I.



LORD STUART. 415

fnendahip. By this Lady he had James, his son and heir ; also
one daughter, Mary, married to the Laird of Grant, and depart-
ing this lite in August, l63S, = was succeeded in his estate and
honour by

James, his son, Jt/th Earl of Moray , who married Maro^aret,
daughter and coheir of Alexander Earl of Hume, and dying in
March, l653,'' left issue by the foresaid Margaret, his wife.

First, James, Lord Down, who died a youth.

Second, Alexander, his successor.

Third, Archibald Stewart, of Dunnern, ancestor of the
Stewarts of that place : likewise four daughrers;

First, Mary, married to Archibald Earl of Argyle.

Second, Mjrgaret, to Sir Alexander Sutherland, thereafter
Lord Dutfus.

Third, Henrietta, to Sir Hugh Camphel, of Calder, Knight.

Fourth, Anne, to David Ross, ofBalnagown.

Which Alexander, sixth Earl, being a man of reputation for
parts and learning, came to be in great favour with King Charle*
IF. toward the end of his reign. He was first made justice ge-
neral, and then, October 10th, l6S0, promoted to be sole Secre-
iary of Slate upon the diraission of the Duke of Lauderdale.'
He continued sole secretaiy till l682, when the Earl of Mid-
dleton, and thereafter the Lord Melfort, were joined in commis-
sion with him.

When King James VIL came to the crown, his Majesty made
the Earl again one of his principal secretaries, and appointed him
lord high commissioner to the second session of the parliament
l6s6, and as a further mark of his special grace and favour, elected
him one of the Knights of the most noble order of the Thistle
in 1687.

The Earl continued secretary till the revolution, when King
James went over to France ; he was then removed from all em-
ployments, and thenceforth lived retiredly, enjoying the felicities
of a private life, till he exchanged this mortal life with a state of
immortality on November Ist, 1/00, having had issue by Emilia,
bis wife, daughter of Sir William Ballour, of Pitculio, lieutenant
of the Tower of London in the reign of King Charles I. first,
James ; second, Charles ; third, John, died s. p. ; fourth, Francis.

James, Lor^ Z)ou'?i, who married Catherine, daughter of Sir

g Balfour's Annals,
h Charta in Pub Arch, ad annum 1653. i Ibid.



4l5 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Lionel Tal mash, and of Elizabeth Duchess of Lauderdale, died!
before his father, leaving two daughters behind him ; Elizabeth,
married to Brigadier Alexander Grant, of that ilk j and Emilia,

first to Jrazer, of Strichen j and again to John Earl of

Crawfurd.

Sir Charles Stewart, Bart, the second son, succeeded his
father in the honour, and was seventh Earl of Murray, He mar-
ried the Lady Anne Campbell, daughter of Archibald Earl of
Argyle, widow of Richard £arl of Lauderdale j but died without
issue, 1/35,

Francis Stewart, ybztrfA son, succeeded as eighth Earl, and
married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Murray, of Drum-
cairn, by whom he had no issue that came to any maturity ; se-
condly, Jean, daughter of John Lord Balmerino, by whom he had.

First, James.

Second, John, represented the boroughs of Crail, Anstruther,
&c. in parliament, J 7-11, and was colonel of a regiment in the
service of the States General.

Third, Francis, a colonel in the array, died in Germany j mar-
ried Lady Helen Montgomery, daughter of the Earl of Eglington.

Fourth, Archibald, captain in the navy.

Fifth, Henry, "^ major of a regiment of dragoons.

Sixth, Lady Anne, married John Stewart, of Blairhall, Esq.

Seventh, Lady Emilia, married colonel Sir Peter Halket, of
Pitfarren, Bart, who was kilkd in America, July 9th, \'/55.

His Lordship dying in 1/39, ^^^ succeeded by his eldest son,

James, the ninth Earl, who married Grace, Countess Dowager,
and widow of John Gordon, third Earl of Aboyne, daughter of
George Lockhart, Esq. by whom he had

Francis, the late Earl.

And a daughter, Eupheme.

He married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of David, Earl of
Wemyss, by whom, who died 1779, he had two sons 5

Second, James.

Third, David, who died June 12th, 1784; and his Lordship
deceasing on July 5th, 1767, was succeeded by his son,

Francis, the tenth Earl of Murray , and first Lord Stuart
OF Castle Stuart.

In 1784 and 1790, his Lordship wds elected one of the sixteen

k One of these brothers was father of Mrs ObiernC) wife of Dr- Obienie,
now BUhop of Meat h.



LORD STUART. 41/

peers of Scotland ; and on June 4th, 1796, was created an English
peer by the title of Lord Stuart of Castle Stuart.

His Lordship married, in June 1/03, Jane, eldest daughter of
John, Lord Gray; by whom, who died in 1786, he had issue five
sons and four daughters, viz.

First, James, Lord Doune, died June Ilth, ^776.

Second, John, I,ord Doune, died July 6th, 1791.

Third, Francis, the present peer.

Fourth, Archibald, married, March 4th, 1797, Cornelia,
daughter of Edmund Pleydell, Esq.

Fifth, Charles.

Sixth, Margaret, who died September, 1788.

Seventh, Grace, married, July lOth, 1789, George Douglas,
Esq. of Cavers, and had a son, born October 10th, 179O; and a.
daughter, born October 2d^ 1793.

Eighth, Jane ; and, ninth, Anne.

His Lordship having been returned in several parliaments as
one of the sixteen Peers of Scotland, was elevated to the British
Peerage on June 4th, 1796, by the title of Baron Stuart, of
Castle Stuart; and dying August 28th, 1810, was succeeded by
his eldest surviving son,

Francis, eleventh Earl of Moray, and second Lord Stuart
of Castle- Stuart-

His Lordship married, first, January 26th, 1795, Miss Scott,
daughter ef Major-General Scott, and she dying August 3d, I798,
he married, secondly, Margaret-Jane, daughter of Sir Philip
Ainslie, of Pilton.

His Lordship has issue by both these marriages.

Titles, Francis Stuart, Earl of Moray, Lord Downe, in Scot-
land ; and Lord Stuart of Castle Stuart, in Great Britain.

Creations. Earl of Moray, Feb 10th, 1562; Lord Downe,
1581, in Great Britain; and Lord Stuart of Castle-Stuart, June

4th, J 796.

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth, or, a lion rampant within
a double tressure, within a bordure compone, argent and azure;
second, or, a fess cheeky, argent and azure ; and third, or, three
escutcheons pendant, within a double tressure, gules.

Crest. On a wreath, a pelican in her nest feeding her young-.
' Supporters. Two greyhounds, proper.

Motto. Salu. per Christum redemptorem.,

Chief Seat. Dunbrisel castle, Fifeshire.

TOL. VIII. 2. E



418



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.




STEWART, LORD STEWART OF GARLIES.

(EARL OF GALLOWAY IN SCOTLAND.;

Great disputes have arisen as to the exact station in the pedigree
of the royal house of Stewart, which the Earl of Galloway is en-
titled to hold by the male line.

These points have been ably elucidated, (and many will think
settled) by the late celebrated Andrew Stuart, in his Genealogical
History of the Stewarts, 179^ > 4to. ^

Not only does Lord Galloway claim to be the descendant,
but the representative of the Castelmilk branch ; both which Mr.
A. Stuart denies ; but the particular position of that branch has
been mistaken by Crauford, Sympson, Douglas, and others. It
seems clear that the heir male of the Castelmilk branch, (if any
such exists since Andrew Stuart's death") is the male representa-
tive of the house of Stewart, as the next (if not only) collateral
heir of the house of Darnley.



a " A Genealogical History of the Stewarts from the earliest period of their
authentic History to the present Times. Containing a particular account of
the origin and successive generations of the Stuaris of Darnley, Lennox, and
Aubigny; and of the Stuarts of Castelmilk; with Proofs and References;
an Appendix of Relative Papers i and a Supplement, containing copies of
various Dispensations found in the Vatican at Rome, in the course of a search
made by the Author in the year 1789; particularly copies of two very inte- est-
ing Dispensations which had long been sought for in vain, relative to Robert
the Steward of Scotland (King Robert II.) his much contested marriages with
Elizabeth More, and Eupheme Ross. To which is prefixed a Genealogical
Table relative to the History. By Andrew Stuart, Esq. M. P. London,
1798, 4to."



LORD STEWART. 419

Alexander, High Steward of Scotland, who died 1283,
ast. sixty-nine, left issue a daughter, Elizabeth, married to Wil-
liam Lord Douglas, surnamed the Hardy j and two sons.

First, James, the High Steward, who died I30g, father (by
Cecilia, daughter of Patrick Earl of Dunbar) of Walter, the
High Steward, who in 1315, married Marjory, daughter of King
Robert Bruce, and died April 9th, 1326, leaving by her Robert,
the Steward, afterwards King of Scotland, to which throne he
ascended in 1371. He died 139O, father of King Robert IIL
father of King James I.

Second, Sir John Stewaut, ofBonkyll, (second son of Alex-
ander the High Steward) born in 1246, married Margaret,
daughter of Sir John Bonkyll, of that ilk, by whom he had several
sons, heads of great families of the name of Stewart ; known by
their arms of ihsfess cheeky, lend, and buckles ; the figures which
Sir John Stewart carried in right of his wife j viz. Or, a/ess cheeky
azure and argent, charged with three buckles of the first for
Bonkyll,

In the battle of Falkirk, fought July 22d, 1298, Sir John
Stewart, while giving orders to his archers, was thrown from his
horse and slain 5 and his archers crowding round his body, perished
with him. ''

The only daughter of the marriage between Sir John Stewart
and the heiress ofBonkyll was Isabel, who married the celebrated
Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, nephew of King Robert Bruce ;
and with that Lady he got from Sir John Stewart the lands of
Garlies, which wr,re afterwards given by John, the son and heir
of Thomas Earl of Moray, to Sir Walter Stewart, of Dalswinton,
his uncle, as appears by an original charter in the possession of
the Earl of Galloway.

Though authors are in general agreed that there werfe many
sons of the marriage between Sir John Stewart, ofBonkyll, and
his wife Margaret, yet they are not agreed as to the precise
number (or indeed order) of those sons.

Symson, in his History of the Stewarts, published in 1/12^
gives the following account of the sons of Sir John Stewart, of
Bonkyll.

" First son, Sir Alexander Stewart, ofBonkyll, father to John
Earl of Angus, of the race of Stewart.

li See Dahymple's Annals, p- 260; and Memingford's account, tonrj i.
p. 165.



420 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

<' Second son^ Str Alan Stewart, of whom the Lords of Derne-
\ty, Earls and Dukes of Lennox, and their several cadets,

" Third son. Sir Walter Stewart, to whom King Robert
Bruce gave a charter of the Barony of Dalswinton, as did Thomas
Ranulph Earl of Moray give another of the Barony of Garlics ;
from whom the Earl of Galloway by an heiress.

" Fourth son. Sir James Stewart, ancestor to Innermeath and
Graighall ; and from Innermeath, Lorn, Duriideu or Rossyth ;
from Lorn or Innermeath, the Earls of AthoU and Buchanj the
Stewarts of Gairntully, Kinnaird, and Alpin, and Innerduning.
From the Earl of Buchan is the Earl of Traquair, &c.

" Fifth son, Sir John Stewart, of whose issue I have disco-
veied nothing from charters.

" Sixth and seventh sons, Sir Hugh and Sir Robert, men-
tioned by Hollinshed in his Chronicle of Ireland, anno 1318,
whose existence I am not to defend "

Duncan Stewart, in his History of the Stewarts published in
1739, p. 149, says that Sir John Steward, ofBonkill, brother of
James the High Steward, had by his wife Margaret, seven sons
and a daughter, viz.

'' First, Sir Alexander, of Bonkyll, of whom Angus.

" Second, Sir Alan, of Dreghorn, of whom Lennox,

" Third, Sir Walter, of Dalswinton, of whom Galloway,

"Fourth, Sir James, of Preston and Warwick-hill, of whom
Lorn.

" Fifth, Sir John killed with his two brothers Alan and James,
at Halidon-hill in 1333, and supposed to be predecessor to Castel-
milk. *^

" Sixth, Hugh; and, seventh, Robert." ^

Sir Alan Stewart, the second son, was born towards the end
of the thirteenth cenlnry 3 served in the wars of King Robert
Bruce, to whose interests he was much and uniformly attached ;
received from King Robert a grant of the lands of Dregern, or
Dreghorn, in ihe shire of Air; and from Robert, the Steward of

Scotland, a permission to purchase the lands of Cruickisfee, or

c It will presently appear that the Castelmilk branch was descended
from Sir William, younger son of Sir Alexander, grandson of Sir Alan of
Dreghorn.

d Douglas in his peerage nearly agrees with this; except by transposing
in one place the seniority of Sir James, and Sir John. This Sir John was pro-
bably the real ancestor of the house of Galloway



LORD STEWART. 421

Crulckston, in Renfrewshire, held of the Stewart, beino- the first
possession acquired by the Stewarts of Dernelcy in that county.

In the expedition to Ireland in 1315, Sir Alan Stewart having
accompanied Edward Bruce the brother of King Robert, and Tho-
mas Randolph Earl of Moray, who was brother-in law of Sir
Alan Stewart, had his share in the military exploits of that king-
dom. He is particularly mentioned in John Barbour s History

^' of the Irish Expedition, p. 300, in the chapter intitled " Earl
Thomas (Randolp) his Enterprize against the Victuallers from

• Conyers," in the following lines :

" And when Earl Thomas perceiving
Had of their coming and ganging.
He got him a great company.
Three hundred horsemen wight and hardy 3
There was Philip de Moubray,
And Sir John Stewart also persay.
And Sir John Stewart also;
Sir Robert Boyd and others moe."

Holinshead, having meinioned that " in 1315, Edward Bruce
entered the north part of Ireland with 6OOO men ;" says that " on
December 5th, 13l6, Sir Alan Steward, that had been taken pri-
soner in Ulster by John Logan and Sir John Sandell, was brought
to the castle of Dublin;" and that " in 1318, Lord John Bir-
mingham, general of the field on the part of the English, led
forth the King of England's power, being 1324 able men, against
Edward Bruce, who being accompanied with the Lord Philip
Moubray, Lord Walter de Soules, the Lord Alane Stewarde with
his three brethren ; Sir Walter and Sir Hugh, Sir Robert and
Sir Amery Laceys and others, was encamped not past two miles
from Dundalk with 3000 men then abiding the Englishmen to
fight with them if they came forward ; which they did with all
convenient speed, being as desirous to give battle as the Scots
were to receive it."

Sir Alan was killed at the battle of Halidon-hill, July 19th,
1333, leaving three sons.

First, Sir John.

Second, Sir Walter.

Third, Sir Alexander, who on the failure of his two elder
brothers without issue male^ afterwards succeeded to all the estates
which had belonsed to their father Sir Alan.



422 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Fourth, Elizabeth, married to Sir John de Hamilton, second
son to Sir "Walter de Hamilton.

Sir John Stewart, ot'Darnley, or Cruickiston, eldest son, died
before January 15th, 1369, leaving a son, Robert, who died
without issue before 13/1.

Sir Alexander, ihird son (Sir Walter, the intermediate brother,
being dead) succeeded finally at Darneley ; and bad a letter of
safe conduct granted by King Edward HI. of England^ August
26th, 1374. e He left issue

Sir Alexander Stewart, of Darnley, who died before 1400,
having married Janet, or Johanna. Keith, widow of Ha-
milton, and daughter of Sir William Keith, of Galstoun, by
whom he had five sons, and a daughter j viz.

First, Sir John,

Second, William, who engaged with his brother John in the
wars of France, and was killed in the same battle with him at the
siege of Orleans ; ancestor to the Stuarts o/'Castelmilk; and
whom Lord Galloway also claims for his ancestor.

Third, Alexander, sometimes designed of Torbane, and some-
times of Galstoun.

Fourth, Robert, to whom his father, Sir Alexander, gave the
lands of Newton of Westoun in the shire of Lanark ; ancestor to
the Stewarts of Barscnbe, whose male line has failed.

Fifth, James, who is mentioned in a grant of lands as son of



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