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says, is faithfully collected from the evidences of that family, and
other good records and deeds ; and is as followeth. ^

Odard, or UoARD, sometimes also written Hodard and
Hudard, came to England with William the Conqueror, and
seated himself at Button; a good part whereof Hugh Lupus, Earl
of Chester, gave unto him, as appears by Doomsday-book.

The ancient roll of the Barons of Halton saith, that with Hugh,
Earl of Chester, came one Nigell, a nobleman ; and with Nigell
came five brethren, to wit, Hudard, Edard, Wolmere, Horswyne,
and Wolfaith, a priest, to whom Nigell gave the church of Run-
corne ; and unto Hudard the same Nigell gave Weston, and
Great Aston (now divided into two townships, Aston Grange,
and Aston juxta Sutton), pro uno Feodo Militis : and from this
Hudard came all the Duttons.'^ And, in the record of Dooms-
day, Odard held Aston, under William Fitz-Nigell, Baron of
Halton J and also Odard and Brictric held Weston, under the said
William, anno Dom. 1086. Whether those five brethren afore-

» Leycester's Cheshire, p. 249, and the following pageSi from whence
this account is taken, till we come to the Sherborne branch.
t> Monast.Ang. pars 2, 187,


named were brethren to Nigell, is a doubt 3 for then^ njcthinks,
he should have said, Quinque fratres sui : whereas he says only.
Cum isto Nigello venerunt quinque Fratres^ '^ and so names

This Hudard's, or Odard's sword, was in 1 665, " in the cus-
tody of the Lady Elinour, Viscountess Kilmorey, sole daughter
and heir of Thomas Button, late of Button, Esq. deceased ; which
sword hath for many ages past been preserved, and passed over
from heir to heir (like Agamemnon's scepter), as an heirloom,
by the name of Hudard's sword 3 and so at this day it is by tra-
dition received and called."

Hugh, son of Hodard, had those lands which he held in capite,
or immediately of the Earl of Chester, confirmed unto him by
Randle the second, surnamed de Gernoniis, Earl of Chester,
about the latter end of Henry I. These lands, I conceive, were
those which he held in Button.

Hugh de Button, son of Hugh, son of Hodard, had the lands
which his father Hugh held of the Baron of Halton, confirmed
unto him by William, son of Nigell, constable to Handle the
second, and by William, his son, on that day when the said Wil-
liam, the father, and William, the son, did visit Hugh, the son of
Hodard, on his death-bed at Kekwick 3 at which time Hugh, the
son of Hodard, gave unto William, the father, his coat of mail
and his charging horse} and Hugh, the son of that Hugh, gave
unto William, the son, a palfrey, and a sparrow-hawk. This was
about the end of the reign of King Henry L

The lands here confirmed I conceive to be Weston and Kek-
wick, and perhaps some others.

This Hugh de Button had issue.

First, Hugh Button, son and heir.

Second, Adam de Button, another son, from whom the Whr-
lurtons of Arley are descended.

Third, GefFery de Button, another son, from whom the Buttons
of Chedill, in this county, were propagated^ who assumed thesur-

c Though Sir Peter Leycester, in this place, makes it a question, whether
these five brethren, that attended Nigell, were his brothers; because the re-
cord does not say, with him (Nigellj came hh five brothers, but with him
came five brothers ; but this doubt Sir Peter himself solves, in page 351, of
his Antiquities of Cheshire; where, speaking of the antiquity of the church
of Runcorne, he says, " We read in an ancient roll, that Nigell, Baron of
Halton, gave the church of Runcorne to Wolfaith, a priest, his brother, in
the reign of the Conqueror."


name of Chedill, and continued to the reign of Edward III. till
Sir Roger de Chedill (the last of that family) dying 1 Edw. III.
1327, left his inheritance to be shared by his two daughters and
heirs^ Clemence and Agnes : and out of that family de Chedill,
branched Hamon Button, under Edward I. younger son to Sir
Geffrey Button, of Chedill, to whom his father gave Ashley, ]3
Edw. I. 1285, which he purchased for him. The posterity of this
Hamon assumed the surname oi Ashley, from the place of their
residence^ as was the manner of those ages j which family of the
Ashleys, of Ashley, continued to the end of Henry VIII. about
which time Thomasin, daughter and heir of George Ashley, of
Ashley, Esq. brought that inheritance to Richard Erereton, of
Lee-Hall, not far from Middlewich, by marriage, who was a
younger son of Sir William Brereton, of Brereton, in this county ;
in which name of Brereton, of Ashley, it continued but four
descents, and was divided among the three sisters of Thomas
Erereton (the last Brereton, of Ashley) and their heirs^ anno
Bom. l60l.

Hugh Button, of Button, son of Hugh, married ,

daughter of Hamon Massy, Baron of Bunham Massy, res[nante
Henrico secundo : with whom her father gave in free marriaoe
lands in Suttersby, in Lindsey in Lincolnshire, and had issue''
Hugh Button, eldest son, Thomas Button, John Button, and
Adam Button. He purchased Little Moldesworth, for 50 mark<?,
from Robert son of Matthew de Moldesworth, about 1250.
Also Alice, wife of William Boydell, of Bedeston.

This Hugh Button bought Preston, nigh Button, of Henry de
Nuers, and Julian, his wife, reddendo octo solidos annuatim, ad.
festum Sancti Martini: which Randle Blundevill, Earl of Chester,
confirmed, about the reign of King John. He purchased also
the town of Little Legh, in fee farm, from Simon, son of Osberne,
rendering the yearly rent of two marks of silver at the feast of St.
Martin ; which rent is yet paid by his heirs to the Earl of Berby,
as of his manor of Harden, anno Bom. iQQQ. And Roger Lacy,
constable of Cheshire, and Baron of Halton, acquitted this Hugh
Button de jvdice de Legha, that is, of finding a judger to serve at
Halton, for Little Legh yearly, about the reign of Richard I. or

<* J do conceive here was another Hugh Button, son and heir of this
Hugh, who married Muriel, daughter of Thomas le Despenser, and he had
issue, Hugh, Thomas, John, and Adam, as there followeth. And, if io,
some of these acts may belong to that Hugh, whicli are ascribed to this


beginning of King John's reign. He purchased also the moiety
of Barnton from William, son of Henry, son of Serlo, which Ro-
bert de Mesnilwarin held.

He had also the magistracy, or rule and authority, over all the
letchers and whores of all Cheshire, granted unto him and his
heirs by John, constable of Cheshire, and Baron of Halton, as
freely as the said John held the same of the Earl of Chester j
saving the right of the said John to him and his heirs ; which are
the very words of the deed, only rendered by me in English: so
that he holds it, as it were, under the Baron of Halton, who re-
serves his own right by a special reservation.

This privilege, over such loose persons, was granted, first, unto
Roger Lacy, constable of Cheshire, under Richard I. by Randle,
surnamed Blundevill, Earl of Chester, in memory of his good ser-
vice done to the Earl, in raising the siege of the Welshmen, who
had beset the Earl in his castle of Rothelent, in Flintshire : for,
the constable having got a promiscuous rabble of such like per-
sons together, and marching towards the said castle, the Welsh
(supposing a great army to be coming) raised their siege, and
fled ; so saith the ancient roll of the Barons of Halton : this roll
saith, that rabble consisted of players, tiddlers, and shoemakers.
The deed here toucheth letchers and whores 3 the privilege and
custom used at this day by the heirs of Dutton, over the min-
strelsie and common tiddlers 3 none being suffered to play in this
country without the licence of the Lord of Dutton, who keeps a
court at Chester, yearly, on Midsummer day, for the same, where
all the licenced minstrels of Cheshire do appear, and renew their
licences : so that the custom seems to have been altered to the
fiddlers, as necessary attendants on revellers in bawdy-houses and

And it is to be observed, that those minstrels, which are li-
cenced by the heirs of Dutton, of Dutton, within the county pala-
tine of Chester, or the county of the city of Chester, according to
their ancient custom, are exempted out of the statute of rogues, *

= In the reign of Hen. VII. a quo warranto was brought against Law-
rence Dutton, of Dutton, Esq. to shew why he claimed all the minstrels of
Cheshire, and in the city of Chester, to meet before him at Chester, yearly,
on the feast of St. John the Baptist, and then and there to give him four
bottles of wine and a lance j and also every minstrel to pay him four-pence
halfpenny; and every whore, following her calling, to pay him four-pence :
to which he pleaded prescription.


39 Eliz. cap. 4. which proviso hath been continued in every
statute since concerning vagabonds. ^

Hugh Button, of Button, son and heir of Hugh, lived 1234,
18 Hen. III. He purchased from Richard de Aston, son of Gil-
bert de Aston, six bovates of land, in Aston juxta Button, in the
beginning of the reign of Henry III. which land belongs to Button
Bemain at this day (166(5). He also built Poosey chapel, about
20 K. Hen. III. ]236, which undoubtedly stood upon part of that
land bought from Aston 3 for that chapel is in Runcorne parish.
This Hugh gave to John, his brother, the third part of all the
town of Bolinton, in Maxfield hundred, which Thomas le Be-
spenser gave in free marriage Hi/goni patri meo cum Muricla
matre mea:^ which deed was made about the year of Christ

This Hugh de Button died without issue ; and Thomas, his
brother, succeeded heir.

Sir Thomas Button, of Button, brother and heir to Hugh,
lived anno Bom. 124(), 33 Hen. III. and l2dS, 53 Hen. III. He
purchased Clatterwigge, a hamlet in Little Legh juxta Barlerton,
from Hugh de Clatterwigge, about 1244, 2Q Hen. III.

He built the chapel at the manor house of Button^ towards
the end of Henry Ill's reign.

He married Philippa, daughter and heir of Vivian de Sandon,
or Standon, by whom he had lands in Staffordshire; and had issue
Hugh Button, son and heir ; Thomas, another son, to whom his
father gave Great Rownall, and Little Rownall, in Staffordshire,
by the consent of Philippa, his wife : but I conceive this younger
son Thomas died without issue, because I find Philippa, in her
widowhood, granting these two manors of Rownall to Sir Robert
Button, her other son, and to Agnes, his wife, daughter of Wil-
liam de Mere, in Staffordshire : Margaret, a daughter, married
William Venables, son and heir of Roger Venables, of Kinderton,
38 Hen. III. 1253 5 and Catherine, married John, son of Vrian dc
Sancto Petro. So I find in an old pedigree.

This Sir Thomas was sheriff of Cheshire 1268, 53 Hen. HI.
He died in the beginning of the reign of Edw. I.

Philippa was living, a widow, 12gO and I294.

Sir Hugh Button, of Button, Knight, son and heir of Sir

f See Lysons's Magn. Brit, volii p. 527. Cheshire, p. 523.
e The original penes Downes of Shrigley, 1654.


Thomas, bouad himself to the Abbot of Vale-Royal, to make a
foot-bridge at Acton, and to find a boat and ferry-man at Acton
Ford, about 12S6j the same is now made a county bridge. He
also was bound to William Gerard, his 'squire, i?i una. robd
armigerorum annuatim ad totam vitam suajn ad festum natalis
Domini, 13 Edw. I. 1285. He purchased Barterton, and married
Joan, daughter of Sir Vrian de Sancto Petro, vulgo Sampier; (I
have no authority for this, but an old pedigree;) and had issue
Hugh Button, son and heir; and William Button, who married
Maud, daughter and coheir to Sir Richard Stockport, of Stock-
port, 1305 ; which William, with others, was indicted 35 Edw. 1.
for taking away the said Maud, by force, from Bunham Massy,
being then in the custody of Hamon Massy; whom they took out
of her chamber into the court, stripping her of all her clothes,
save her smock, saith the record j Robert Button, parson of Ec-
cleston, 1320: also Margaret, a daughter.

This Sir Hugh died 22 Edw. I. 12^4 ; Joan, his lady, survived^
she was living IIQS.

Sir Hugh Button, of Button, Knight, son and heir of Sir
Hugh, born the eighth day of Becember, 5 Edw. I. 1 2/6, at
Btitton, and baptized at Great Budworth the day following : he
sued the prior of Norton, before Adam Burum and Nicholas
Gruchundelee, commissaries of the Bishop of Litchfield and Co-
ventry, at the visitation of the arch-deanery of Chester, anno
Bom. 1315, for not finding a chaplain and lamp at Poosey chapel,
according to the original grant, which he there produced : and
John Olton, then prior, confessed the same, and was ordered to
find them : this priory was of the order of St. Augustine.

He married Joan, daughter of Sir Robert Holland, of Holland,
in Lancashire, and had issue Thomas Button, son and heir ; Wil-
liam, parson of Thornton, 22 Edw. IIL ; Getfrey Button, another
son ; and Robert Button, another son.

This Sir Hugh was made steward of Halton, 24th Becember,
20 Edwad II. and died 1 Edward IIL 1326, at the age of fifty

Joan, his widow, afterwards married Edmund Talbot, of Ba-
shall ; and after, to Sir John Ratcliff", of Urdeshall, in Lancashire,
living 1 1 Edw. III. and 20 Edw. HI.

Sir Thomas Button, of Button, Knight, son and heir of Sir
ilugh and Joan, was fifteen years old on Whitsunday, 1329,
3 Edw. III. He purchased those lands in Button which for-



merly belonged to Halton fee ; and also those lands in Button
which formerly belonged to Boydell, of Dodleston ; and so made
the township of Dutton entirely his own.

This Thomas was made seneschal, governor, and receiver of
the castle and honour of Halton, in Cheshire, by William Clin-
ton, Earl of Huntington ; and also of all his lands and manors in
Cheshire and Lancashire, quamdiu lene se gesserit, which the Earl
farmed unto him for four hundred and forty marks yearly, dated
at Maxstock, 19 Edw. IIL

It seems he was indicted, for that he and others came with
armed power (when King Edward IIL was out of England)
within the verge of the lodgings of Lionell, the King's son. Pro-
tector of England, and assaulted the manor of Geaumes, nigh
Reading, in Wiltshire, and there slew Michael Poynings, the
uncle, and Thomas le Clarke, of Shipton, and others, and com-
mitted a rape on Margery, the wife of one Nicholas de la Beche,
for which the King pardoned him; and he found Sir Bernard
Brocas, Sir Hugh Berewyk, Philip Durdanyt, and John Haydoke,
his sureties in the Chancery, for his good abearing, 26 Edw. IIL

He was, by several commissions, employed for the apprehend-
ing of certain malefactors, robbers, and disturbers of the peace in
this county. One is directed unto him by the name of Thomas
Dutton, Equitator in Foresta de Mara, and to Richard Done,
forester of the same forest, 14 Edw. III.

Anno Domini 13/9, 3 Richard 11. William Eltonhed, prior of
the hermit friars, of the order of St. Augustine, at Warrington, in
Lancashire, and the convent there, granted to Sir Thomas Dutton,
Knight, a perpetual chantry ; to wit, that a sufficient friar, of the
convent of Warrington, shall be especially elected to pray for the
salvation of Sir Thomas, his children, and of Philippa, his wife,
and her parents j and for the soul of Dame Ellen, late wife of the
said Sir Thomas, their children and parents, when they shall die,
at the great altar of their chuich yearly for everj and that their
names be written down in their Martyrologyj whereunto the
prior and convent were bound, under a penalty of three shillino-s
and four-pence, to be levied by the provincial prior upon omission
of such form of service ; and if for a week or a fortnight it were
omitted, then must they double the time omitted in manner afore-
said : if neglected for six months, then upon pain of suspension :
if for a year, then upon excommunication, until the time omitted
be made up : whereunto are witnesses, Thomas, abbot of St, Wer-


burge, of Chester ; Stephen^ abbot of Vale Royal ; Richard, prior
of Norton J and Roger, prior of Berkenhed. This was confirmed
by Henry de Towesdale, provincial prior of the hermit friars, of
the order of St. Augustine, in England, with a special injunction,
that the said persons be yearly twice commemorated before the
whole convent ; once, at the first entrance of the prior of War-
rington into the convocation house, yearly ; the other time, on
the election day of a fellow prior for a provincial convocation.
Dated at Warrington, on Sunday, next after the feast of St.
Martin, anno supradlcto.

This Sir Thomas sealed usually with his coat of arms and
crest, to wit, quarterly, a fret in the second a?id third; over which,
upon the dexter angle of the escutcheon, a helmet, and thereon a
plume of feathers.

Anno Domini 1344, Robert Monning, of Tatenhale, grants to
Thomas de Dutton, and his heirs, all the magistracy of the min-
strels, cum omnibus pertinenliis, prout in Charta originali plenius
continetur. I conceive he was but a feoffee.

This Thomas was sheriff of Cheshire 30 and 33 Edward III.
and was a knight 35 Edward III. He died 1381, aged sixty-
three. He married two wives : the first was Ellen, one of the
daughters and heirs of Sir Peter Thornton, of Thornton, the eldest
daughter, by whom he had issue.

First, Sir Peter Dutton, who died without issue 35 Ed. II F.

Second, Thomas Dutton, another son, died also without

Third, Sir Lawrence Dutton succeeded heir to his father.

Fourth, Edmund Dutton, another son, was ancestor to the
Diattons, of Sherborne, of whom we are to treat.

Fifth, Henry Dutton, fifth son ; and.

Sixth, William Dutton, another son.

His second wife was Philippa, the widow of Sir Peter Thorn-
ton. She was (as I conceive) a later wife to Sir Peter Thornton,
not mother of the coheirs.

Sir Lawrknce, eldest surviving son, succeeded, and died
without issue 1392, aged fifty-three j his widow re-married Sir
William Brereton, of Brereton.

Edmund Dutton, iha fourth son of Sir Thomas, married Joan,
daughter and heir of Henry Minshull, de Church MinshuU, by
whom he had the manors of Church Minshull and Aston Mon-
dram j and had issue.


First, Sir Peter Dutton, who became heir to his uncle. Sir
Lawrence Button, of Dutton; he died 1433.

Second, Hugh Button, of whom the Buttons, of Hatton,
nigh Warton, in Cheshire, whose posterity afterwards, in process
of time, became heirs of Button lands under Henry VIII.

Third, Lawrence Button, another son ; and Thomas Button,
another son ; Agnes de Button, a daughter, married WiUiam
Leycester, of Nether Tabley, 1398, 22 Richard II. and Ellen,
another daughter.

John Button, of Button, son and heir of Sir Peter, married
Margaret, daughter of Sir John Savage, and dying 1445, left

Sir Thomas Button, of Button, who being slain at the battle
of Blore-heath, 1459, left issue John Button, of Button, Esq. who
was succeeded by his brother, <

Roger Button, of Button, Esq. who dying 1499, left by Joan,
daughter of Sir Richard Aston,

Lawrence Button, of Button, Esq. who died without lawful
issue 1525.

A great controversy now arose between the heirs general of
Sir Thomas Button, of Button, who died 1459, ^nd Sir Piers
Button, of Hatton, the next heir male. The daughters of this
Sir Thomas Button, sisters of John Button, and Roger Button,
and aunts of the last Lawrence Button, were Anne, wife of Sir
Thomas Molineux, of Sefton ; Isabel, of Sir Christopher Sothe-
worth, of Sotheworth ; Elizabeth, of Ralph Bostock, of Bostock;
Margaret, wife of Thomas Aston, of Aston ; and afterwards of
Ralph Vernon of Haslington ; and Elinor, of Richard Cholraon-
deley, of Cholmondeley. ;

The manor of Button, with the advoury of the minstrels of
Cheshire, was adjudged to the heir male. Sir Piers.

Hugh Button, Esq. second son of Edmund, married Petro-
nella, daughter of Ralph Vernon, of Hatton, in Cheshire, Esq.
and had by her two sons, John and Lawrence.

John, the eldest son, was settled at Hatton, and married
Margaret, daughter of Sir William Athurton, of Athurton, in
Lancashire, Knight, by whom she had three sons.

First, Peter, living at Hatton, 1464.

Second, Richard, ancestor to the Sherborne branch.

Third, GeofFry.

Peter married Margaret, daughter and coheir of Robert
Grosvenour, by whom he had issue


Peter Button, of Hatton, who by Elizabeth, daughter and
heir of Sir Robert Fouleshurst, had issue

Sir Piers Button, adjudged to be heir male, who built, 1539,
the new hall at Button, still in part remaining, and had by-
Elinor, daughter of Thomas Legh, of Adlington,

Hugh Button, who by Jone, daughter of Sir William Booth,

John Button, of Button, who died ]608, father by Elinor,
daughter of Sir Hugh Calveley, of

Thomas Button, of Button, Esq. who by Thomasine Ander-
ton, had Elinor, daughter and heir, married to Gilbert Lord
Gerard, of Gerard's Bromley, whose son Button, Lord Gerard,
was father of Charles, Lord Gerard, from whom came Bigby, last
Lord Gerard, who died 1711j whose daughter and heir married
James, Buke of Hamilton, who was created Baron Button, of
Button, and Buke of Brandon, &c. (See title Brandon, vol. i.)

Richard Button, 5eco?zc? son of John Button, ofHatton, had
issue Ralph Button, who had two sons.

First, William.

Second, Richard, from whom the Buttons of Cloughton and
Balhy, in com. Ebor. were descended,

William, the eldest son and heir to Richard Button, lived at
Chester, and had issue by his wife Agnes, daughter of John Con-
way, of Flintshire, Esq. several children, whereof Thomas was the
second son.

This Thomas Button, second son, purchased the manor of
Sherborne, in Gloucestershire, which had belonged to the late dis-
solved abbey of Winchecombe. He married, first, Mary, daughter

of Meyney, '' by whom he had only a daughter, Anne,

wife to John Warnford, of Sevenhampton, in com. Wilts, Esq.

And by his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Stephen Kirton,
Esq. alderman of the city of London, and relict of Sir Thomas
Withers, Knight, he had two sons, William, who continued the
line, and Thomas, who died without issue; also a daughter,
Eleanor, married at Sherborne, November 24th, 1586, to Ralph
Salvyne, of Newbiggin, in Yorkshire, Gent, and afterwards
knighted. Thomas the father, dying October 4th, 1581, was buried
at Sherborne, and succeeded by his eldest son,

William Button, of Sherborne, Esq. who served the office of

h From the pedigree drawn up for Lord Sherborne, 1784.


sheriff for the county of Gloucester in 15Q0, and l60l ; he mar-
ried Anne, daughter to Sir Ambrose Nicholas, Knight, Lord
Mayor of London, and by her (who, secondly, married to Sir
Paul Tracy, of Stanway, in Gloucestershire, Bart, and was buried
at Sherborne on February 23d, l650) had issue seven sons and
four daughters : the sons were.

First, Thomas, baptized September 15th, \5Q1, and buried at
Sherborne, January 6th, ]6lO.

Second, William, baptized at Sherborne, l\Iay 2d, 1593, and
buried there the 5th of the same month.

Third, John, who became heir to the estate, of whoni pre-

Fourth, Ambrose, baptized at Sherborne, November 21st,
1596, and buried at Sherborne, May 9th, following.

Fifth, William, baptized at Sherborne, January 5th, 1598,

Sixth, Giles, baptized at Sherborne, April 1, 1005 ; both living
in 1617, but died without issue.

Seventh, Sir Ralph, of whom hereafter.

The daughters were, first, Anne, baptized at Sherborne, Aug.
22d, 1585; second, Eleanor, baptized November l/th, 1566,
buried at Sherborne, April 26th, l604 ; third, Elizabeth, baptized
at Sherborne, January 9th, 1587; and, fourth, Mary, baptized at
Sherborne, October 22d, 1589, married, tirst, to George Fetti-
place, Esq. ; secondly, to Sir George Fleetwood, of Woodstock
Park, in Oxfordshire, Knight

William, the father of these children, made bis will, June
4th, 1617, which was proved November 18th, 1618, in which
year he died, and was buried at Sherborne, being succeeded in his
estates by

John Button, of Sherlorne, Esq, his eldest surviving son ;
baptized at Sherborne, October 5th, 1594 : he was some time
knight of the shire, and deputy lieutenant of the county of Glou-
cester : his will bears date January I4th, l655, to which a codicil
was annexed three days after, and the probate thereof is dated
June 30th, 1657; he died January 14th, and was buried at Sher-
borne, February 18th, 1656-7.

His first wife was Elizabeth, only daughter of Sir Henry
Baynton, of Bromhara, in com. Wilts, Knight, and by her, who

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