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Collins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical online

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12th, 1(560, having married Anne Semple, daughter of Robert
Lord Semple. She died in December, .16"31. By her he had.

First, Archibald, of whom presently.

Second, James Stuart, of Torrance, of whom afterwards, as
ancestor to the late Andrew Stuart.

Third, Janet, married to John Hamilton, of Udston, Esq.

Archibald Stuart, elJest son, died before his father in May
l643, having married, in l5'34. Lady Mary Fleming, daughter of
John, Earl of VVigtoun ; by whom he left one son, Archibald;
and one daughter, Anne, married to John Crawford, eldest son
of John Crawfurd, of Crawfurdland, Esq.

Sir Archibald Stuart, of Castelmilk, only sou, succeeded his
g-randfather, and was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia, Februarj'
2gth, 1668. He died in l681, leaving four sons, and two

First, Sir William.

Second, Archibald, died unmarried.



Third, Daniel, married the eldest daughter of Sir George
Wishart, Bart, and left two sonsj George, who died unmarried j
and Sir William, who having succeeded to Sir George Wishart's
Baronetage, died at Paris without issue. Daniel had also two
daughters ; of whom Delce, the youngest, died unmarried ; and
Mary married John Belsches, Esq. of Invermay, who had by her
a daughter, Amilia, who married Dr. William Belsches, who was
father by her of Sir John Belsches, Bart.

Fourth, James Stuart, died unmarried.

Sir William Stuart, second Baronet, (eldest son) died in
November, 1/15, having married Margaret, daughter and sole
heiress of John Crawford, of Milton, Esq. by whom he had two
sons, Aichibald and John ; and a daughter, Margaret, married to
John Belsches, of Invermay, Esq. by whom she had John Belsches,
of Invermay, Esq.

Sir AuoHiBALD Stuart, eldest son, third Baronet, died January
5th, 1763, having married Frances, daughter of James Stirling,
of Keir, Esq. by whom he left an only daughter and heir, Anne,
married to her cousin. Sir John Stuart, of Castelmilk, Bart.

Sir John Stuart, succeeded his brother as fourth Baronet. He
married Helen, daughter of John Orr, Esq. of Barrowfield, and
died April 1st, 1781, leaving three sons, and three daughters.

First, Sir John, his successor.

Second, William Stuart Crawfurd, who died November 24th,
1783, unmarried.

Third, Francis Stuart Crawfurd, who died January lith,
1793, unmarried.

Fourth, Helen, died November, 17S7> unmarried.

Fifth, Margaret, married to Colin Rae, Esq. of Little Gowan,
and on the death of her brother Francis, succeeded to the estate
at Milton, and took the name of Crawfurd.

Sixth, Jane, married William Stirling, of Keir, Esq.

Sir John Stuart, eldest son, Jifth Baronet, married his cousin
Anne, only daughter of his uncle. Sir Archibald, and died Ja-
nuary 18th, 1797, without issue : by which the title expired.

We now return to

James Stuart, of Torrance, already mentioned, second son of
Sir Archibald Stuart, of Castelmilk^ who died 166O, by his wife,
Anne Semple. This James married a daughter of Sir Alexander
Cunningham, of Corsehill, Bart, and died in l6gO, aged seventy-
six, leaving one son.


Alexander Stuart, of Torrance, who married Isabel, eldest
daughter of Sir Patrick Nisbet, of Dean, Bart. He died in 1733,
having had issue by her seven sons, and three daughters 5 viz.
Agnes, married to Matthew Crawfurd, merchant in Glasgow ;
Margaret, married to Alexander Inglis Hamilton, Esq.; and
Christian, married to Sir William Maxwell, of Calderwood,

Of the seven sons, only three survived their father; viz.

First, James Stuart, of Torrance, lieutenant-colonel of the
third regiment of foot-guards ; and one of the gentlemen ushers
of King George I. : died unmarried in 1748.

Second, Patrick Stuart, of Torrance, captain in the royal
regiment of foot; and sometime member of parliament for the
county of Lanark ; died unmarried in 1760.

Third, Archibald Stuart, of Torrance, married Elizabeth,
daughter of Sir Andrew Myreton, of Gorgar, Bart, and died in
November 1767, leaving three sons, and three daughters; viz.
Janet, married to Thomas Earl of Dundonald; Isabel, married to
Sir Robert Henderson, of Fordel, Bart. ; and Elizabeth, married
to William Binning, of Pilmuir, advocate. The sons were.

First, Alexander Stuart, oi Torrance, eldest son, married
Elizabeth Nisbet, daughter of John Nisbet, of Nortbrield, Esq.
and died March 23d, 1796, without issue.

Second, Andrew Stuart, of Torrance, heir to his brother;
many years represented in parliament the county of Lanark, and
afterwards for the borough of Weymouth. He was author of the
Genealogical History of the Stewarts, 1798, here abridged; and
celebrated for the part he took in the Douglas cause ; and his
Letters to Lord Mansjield. On the death of his cousin, Sir John
Stuart, of Castelmilk, 1797> he claimed to be, in right of the
above descent, the representative and heir male of the Derneley
and Lennox families, after the death of Cardinal York. He mar-
ried Margaret Stirling, daughter of Sir William Stirling, of Ardoch,
Bart, but died without issue. May l6th, J SOI j and his widow
remarried the late Sir William Pulleney, Bart.

Third, James Stuart, major-general, and colonel of the thirty-
first regiment of foot, married Lady Margaret Hume, daugluer of
Hugh, Earl of Marchmont; died February 2d, 1793, without



About two years before Mr. Andrew Stuart's Genealogical
History was published, the late Earl of Galloway printed and cir-
culated a paper, entitled, "A View of the Evidence for proving
that the present Earl of Galloway is the lineal heir male and law-
ful representative of Sir William Stuart of Jedworth, so fre-
quently mentioned in history from 1385 to 1429." In that paper
it is contended, that Sir William Stuart, of Jedworth, and Sir
William Stuart, of Castelmilk, (the younger brother of Sir John
Stuart, of Derncley) were the same person; and that Sir William
Stuart, of Jedworth, was the proprietor of the estate of Jedworth
in Tiviotdalc, and of the estate of Castelmilk in Annandale.

Having assumed this, he states that Sir John Stuart, who
married the heiress of Stuart, of Dalswinton, was his eldest son ;
and Sir William Stuart, of Castelmilk, from whom the Stuarts of
Castelmilk were descended, the second son.

Andrew Stuart contends, that dates are fatal to this identity
between Sir William Stuart, of Jedworth, and Sir William Stuart,
of Castelmilk, who died at the siege of Orleans 1428-9. For the
following reasons he assigns the date of the death of Sir William
Stuart, of Jedworth, to have been not later than 1403.

This is built on the assumption, that the following passages in
history belong to Sir William Stuart, of Jedworth, as surely they
appear to do.

Sir William Stuart, of the Forest, which Mr. Stuart says is
the same as, of Jedworth or Jedworth Forest, had been taken pri-
, soner by Hotspur (Percy) at the battle of Homildon on September
l4th, 1402; and was soon thereafter, at his instigation, tried,
condemned, and executed, as guilty of high treason against the
King of England, on pretence that he was a subject of that mo-
narch, having in his early youth belonged to the county of Teviot-
dale, while it was subject to the English crown. The particulars
of his trial, condemnation, and execution, are minutely related in
the Scotichronicon, vol. ii. p. ^34,'" where it is mentioned that Sir

r " Captus ibi fuit valens Miles, et inter sapientes primus, Domhius
WiUiclmus Stuart de Foresta ; et coram Domino Henrico Percy juniore de tra-
ditione falso adjudicatus, pro eo, qiiod, Cum puer esset, antequam Tlicvidalia
venitad pacem regis, ipse sicut ceteri de patria, Anglicatus erat et de necessi-
^te ; de hoc acrius acciisatus, sed sagaciter sua propria perorajione defensus.


William Stuart, of the Forest, had very ably pleaded his own
cause, and that he had been acquitted by the three first juries ap-
pointed to try him J but that a fourth jury was assembled, which
very unjustly condemned him.

The same facts are related by JVinton in his Chronicle of Scot-
land, printed a few years since from the old MSS. which had
always been held in great estimation.

After mentioning the battle of Homildon, there is the follow-
ing passage :

" Schire William Stewart of Teuidale

That day wes tane in that batale, •>•■

And ane uther gud sqwyere.

That be name wes cald Thorn Kere.

This Schire Henry de Percy

Tha twa demaynit unlauchfully :

As in jugemente sittand he

Gert thir twa accusit be,

That thir twa before then

Had bene the King of Ynglandis men.

And armyt agane hym ware : for-thi

Thai ware accusit of tratowry.

Sua in coloure of justis.

Set it wes nane, he rasit assis. - •

Ane assis first maid thaim qwyte;

Bot this Percy wyth mare dispyte

To this assis ekyt then

Mare malitious felone men.

That durst nocht do, but all as he '

Wald ; swa behovit it to be.

Than accusit he thir twa men

Sarare fer, than before then.

Be this accusatioune

Of dede thai tholit the passioune :

And of ther quarteris he gert be set

Sum in-til York upon the yet.

trcs Anglorum assisas tanquam immunis evasit ; sed et dictus Percy, qui
Hotspur dicebatur, inveterata excandescens malitice probitati nimirem, et sapi-
entiae niilitis invidens, non passus est ipsum sic libertate donari ; sed et de as-
sentatoribus suis nova assi.a electa prsepropeie, et perperam condemnatur, et
tanquam traditor, tractus et dcmembratus innocens martyr pro justitia passus
a plerisque etiam Anglis reputatus est."


In-til Yngland wes a man
That oft oisit to speke than
Syndry thingis, or thaf tell,
Bot of quhat spirite, I can-nocht tell :
Quhen he hard, as this wes done,
Quhare hym likyt, he said rychtsone;
' Men may happyn for to se,
' Or a yere be gane, that he,
• That gert yone lym be yondyr set
*■ Vow apon yon ilke yhet,
' His awyn lym to be ryght swa,
.' Swa may fal the gamyn to ga.'
And swa it hapynt that deid done.
As yhe sal here eftyr sone."

It seems therefore as if it must be admitted, that Sir William
Stuart, of Jedworth, was executed immediately after the battle of
Homildon in 1402.

It seems most probable, that Sir William Stuart, of Jedworth,
was descended from Sir John Stuart, of Jedworth, a younger son
of Sir John Stuart, of Bo7z^^//, mentioned in the earlier part of
this pedigree.

Sir William was a great and distinguished character in those
days, and so eminent both in Scotland and England, that what re-
lated to him must easily have been known.

Sir John Stuart^ his son and heir, married Marian, the
heiress of Sir Walter Stuart, of Dalswinton, * descended from Sir
Walter Stuart, third son of Sir John Stuart, of Bonkyll.

s Sir Walter Stuart, of Dalswinton, was one of those patriots who
joined King Robert Bruce, and performed many gallant actions against the
enemies of his country ; for which he obtained a grant of the lands and barony
of Dalswinton. He was succeeded by his son,

Sir John Stuart, of Dalswinton, who seems to have been a very consi-
derable person, both on the account of his birth, and the many lands he held
in divers counties, since we find by the transactions with the English, in the
Foedera published by Mr Rymer, that this John was given one of the hostages
for the ransom of King David Bruce in 1357- His son was,

Sir Walter Stuart, Lord of Dalswinton, who made a great figure in
the time of Robert II. and III.

He having no male issue of his body, in 1396 married his only daughter *
to John Stuart, son and heir of Sir William Stuart, sherifFof Teviotdale, as in
the text.

* The original contract is still extant in the lawyers- library at Edinburgh,


They with consent and assent of each others in 1418, * give
to Sir John Stuart, Lord Grytoun, the barony of Gallic, in co-
mitatu Gallovidiae, which is all I have found niemorable concern-
ing him, * save that he left a son.

Sir William Stuart, of Dalswinton, who made a considerable
figure in the reign of King James II.' by whom he was made a
knight, anno 1443. " He had issue by Eupheme Grahame, three

First, Alexander, his successor.

Second, Sir Thomas Stuart, of Minto, Knight, ancestor to
the present Lord Blantyre. "

Third, Walter, of whom came? the Stuarts of Tongrie.

Which Alexander Stuart, of Garlics, obtained a grant of the
Barony of Dalswinton, upon the resignation of Sir William, his
father, January 13th, 1453, '• and in 1465, he resigns sundry lands
in Teviotdale in favour of Alexander Scot, of Howpaslet. He
died 1477. By Elizabeth Stuart, his wife, he had issue.

First, John, his eldest son, who died without succession j =*

Second, Sir Alexander, his successor, who departing this
life anno 1400, ^ left issue by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Archi-
bald Douglas, of Cavers.

First, Alexander.

Second, Walter, of Barclay.

And Agnes, who was married to John Lord Maxwel, "^ and
had issue ; and Janet, who married John Dunbar, of Mochrum.

Which Sir Alexander was knighted in the time of King
James IV. being then a powerful Baron. He was slain at the battle
of Flodden, September pth, 1513, leaving issue, by Elizabeth
Kennedy, a son, Alexander, to succeed himj and sixteen

This Sir Alexander Stuart, of Garlics, was much favoured
by King James V. of whose privy -council he was. He was sent

s Genealogy of the family of Garlics by Mr. David Simson, in the cus-
tody of Alexander Bailie, Esq-

t Dame Marian survived him, and remarried Sir John Forrcsteri of Cors-
torphin, Great Chamberlain of Scotland.

u Charta in Rotulis Jacobi III.
X Ibid, in rotulis dicti regis ad annum, 1476.
^ Simson's MS of the house of Garlies.
z Charta in publicis archivis
s Chaita Jacobi III Joaiini Steuart filio et haeredi apparenti Alexandri
Steuart de Garlies et Elizabethce Shaw sponsae suae 20 Octob. 1477-
b Simson's Collections: Douglas says 1501.
c Genealogy of the family of Maxwel.


ambassador to King Henry VIII. of England, and acquitted bicn-
self with honour, fidelity, and reputation.

He married first, Catherine, daughter of Sir James Crichton,
of Cranston-riddel, who died s. p. ^

Secondly, Margaret, daughter of Patrick Dunbar^ of Clugston,
by whom he had two sons.

First, Alexander 5 his heir apparent ; and.

Second, John Stuart, parson of Kirkmahoe, ^ progenitor of
John Stuart, of Phisgill, in vicecomitatu de Wigtoun.

His third wife was Catherine, daughter to William Stuart, of
Barclay, by whom he had, first, Robt?rt, s. p. ; second, Anthony,
parson of Penninghame, left issue j third, William, first of the
house of Clarie ; and Helen, married to William Gordon, of
Murefodcj in vicecomitatu de Wigton.

Alexander Stuart, younger of Garlics, was in the interest of
King James VI. in the said King's minority, and was slain at the
surprize of the town of Stirling by the Earl of Huntley and the
Laird of Bucleugh, September 2d, 15/1/ leaving issue, by Ca-
therine, his wife, daughter and coheir of Andrew Lord Herries^
of Terregles,

Alexander, who succeeded his grandfather, and obtained the
honour of knighthood, at the coronation of Queen Anne, wife of
James VI. anno 159O. s He married, first, Christian, daughter
of Sir William Douglas, of Drumlanrig, ancestor to the Dukes of
Queensbury. '' Ey her he had.

First, Alexander, the first Earl ; and.

Second, William Stuart, of Mains, ancestor to Sir James
Stuart, of Burray, Bart.

Likewise three daughters, first, Helen, tnarried to John
Douglas, of Stanhousej second, Jane, to John Kennedy, of Col-
zean ; third, Nicholas, married John Dunbar, of Mochrum.

Sir Alexander married, secondly. Lady Elizabeth Douglas,
daughter of David Earl of Angus, Dowager of Robert Lord Max-
well, but by her had no issue.

He departing this life in October, 1596, ' his estate de-
scended to

d Charta in publicis archivis. e Mr, Simson.

f Crawfurd's Memoirs.

C Dr. Patrick Anderson's History of Scotland. MS.

li Mr. Simson 's Genealogy of Gairlies.

> Charta in Cancellaria supremae Dominas nostra Reginac.


Alexander, his son, Jirst Earl of Galloway, who was first
knighted by King James VI, then by his Majesty's special favour
raised to the dignity of Xort^ Garlies, by letters patent, September
2d, 1607, ^ his descent from the illustrious family of Lennox, being
stated as one of the principal reasons for bestowing the honour.

Further, his said Majesty was pleased to create him Earl of
Galloway, September pth, l623. '

He married Grisel, daughter of Sir John Gordon, of Lochenvar,
in vicecomiratu de Wigtoun : by whom he had.

First, Alexander, Lord Garlies, who died 1638, having mar-
ried Margaret, daughter of William, Earl of Monteith, by whom
he had a son, Alexander, who died young, l642.

Second, Sir James Stuart, Bart, second Earl.

Likewise Anne, married to Andrew Agnew, of Locbnaw.

This Earl having been faithful to King Charles I, whosB in-
terest he never deserted, died very aged, anno l64g ; "' his estate
and honour devolving on

Sir James, his eldest surviving son, second Earl, who during the
usurpation, was very active in the King's cause, and on that ac-
count sutfered in the common calamity with other loyalists. Sur-
viving the usurpation eleven years, he gave way to fate in June,
1671," leaving issue by Nicolas, his wife, daughter of Sir Robert
Grierson, of Lag, three sons and a daughter, viz.

First, Alexander, his successor.

Second, Robert Stuart, of Reimstoun.

Third, William Stuart, of Castle-Stuart^ who married Elizabeth

Fourth, Grizel, married to Alexander, Viscount of Kenmure.

Which Alexander, third Earl, married Mary, daughter of
James, Earl of Queensbury, by whom he had.

First, Alexander, his successor, yb«rM Ear/, who died un-
married, anno l6g4.

Second^ James, fifth Earl of Galloway.

Third, Colonel John Stuart, of Sorbie.

Fourth, Andrew Stuart, Esq. who died in the expedition to
Darien in 1699.

Fifth, William Stuart, Esq.

k Diploma Alexandri Domini Garlies in Rotulis Jacobi VI. ' Ibid.

"» Retour of James Earl of Galloway to Alexander Earl of Galloway Iii«
father, in the Chancery.

n Retour of Alexander Earl of Galloway to Earl James, his father, re-
eistrated in the Chancery Office at Edinburgh,


Sixth, Robert Stuart, Esq.

Also two danghteis j first, Margaret, married to Sir John Clark,
of Pennycuik, junior, one of the Barons of Exchequer, and had
issue; second, Henrietta, to William Earl of Glencairn,

Which James, jifth Earl, so succeeding to the estate and
honour of Galloway, upon the decease of his brother, was con-
stituted one of the lords of her Majesty's privy-council. Soon
after her accession to the throne, his Lordship was appointed one
of the committee of parliament, June 18th, 1/02, for revising the
accounts of money laid on by the former sessions of that parlia-
ment. And in the great affair of the union of the two kingdoms,
his Lordship dissented from the court in several very momentous
articles of the treaty, as appears from the minutes of the last par-
liament. He died 1747, having married Catherine, daughter of
Alexander, Earl of Eglintoun, by whom he had issue four sons,
and four daughters ; viz

First, Alexander, his successor.

Second, James, a major-general, and colonel of the thirty-
seventh foot, twice member of parliament for the county, and
twice for the borough of Wigton.

Third, William, in the army, member of parliament for Wig-
ton ; and.

Fourth, George.

Fifth, Lady Margaret, married, first, James, Earl of Southesk ;
and secondly, John, Lord Sinclair.

Sixth, Lady Euphame, married Alexander Murray, of Brough-
ton, Esq.

Seventh, Lady Catherine.

Eighth, Lady vVnne.

Alexander, ih?: seventh Earl, xmrx'it^ Anne Keith, daughter
of William, the eighth Earl of Marischal, by whom he had two
ions and a daughter.

First, Alexander, died unmarried at Aix la Chapelle.

Second, James, died young, at Dalkeith school.

Third, Mary, married to Kenneth, Lord Fortrose, afterwards
Earl of Seaforth.

His Lordship married, secondly, Catherine, daughter of John
Cochrane, Earl of Dundonald ; and by htr had four sons and six

First, John, the eighth Earl.

Second, George, killed at Ticonderoga, in 1758.

Third, William, died young.


Fourth, Keith, an admiral in the royal navy, married Miss
Daggalier, and dying, left Leveson Douglas, in the royal navy j
married, October igth, 1808, Elizabeth, third daughter of Sir
John Dalrymple Hay, of Park-place, Dunluce, Bart, and other

Fourth, Catherine, married to James Murray, of Broughton,

Fifth, Susanna, married, in 1761, Granville, first Marquis of
Statford, K. G. and had issue, and died in August, 1805,

Sixth, Margaret, married to Charles Gordon, fourth Earl of
Aboyne, and deceased, leaving issue.

Seventh, Euphemia.

Eighth, Harriet, married Archibald, ninth and present Duke
of Hamilton, and dying November, 1/88, left issue.

Ninth, Charlotte, married William, fifth Earl of Dunmore,
and has issue.

His Lordship deceasing, October 14th, 17/3, was succeeded
by his son,

John, the eighth Earl, K. T. and first Lord Stewart of
Garlies, and sometime a lord of the bed-chamber to the Kino-.

His Lordship married, first, Charlotte Mary, daughter of
Francis, the first Earl of Warwick, by whom he had one son, who
did not long survive his mother ; and

He married, secondly, Anne, daughter of the late Sir Jamei
Dashwood, Bart, by whom he had issue, eight sons and eight
daughters ; the sons were.

First, Alexander, who died young.

Second, George, the present Earl.

Third, Levison, died young.

Fourth, William, a major-general in the army, and assistant
secretary in the war department, married Miss Douglas.

Fifth, Charles-James.

Sixth, Montgomery-Granville-John.

Seventh, Edward-Richard.

Eighth, James.

The daughters were,

Catherine, married to Sir James Graham, ofNetherby, Bart,
and has issue.

Susan, married to George, Marquis ofBlandford, eldest son of
the Duke of Marlborough, and has issue.

Harriet, married August 8th, 1/95, to J^ord Spencer Chi-
chester, brother to the Marquis of Donegal.


Elizabeth, married, in January, l/QS, to W. P. Inge, Esq.


Charlotte, married, September 12th, 1801, Sir Edward Crof-
ton, Bart, eldest son of Baroness Crofton.

Caroline, married, January 10th, 1803, to the Hon. and Rev.
George Rushout, brother to Lord Northwick.

Sophia, married, July 2d, 1806, the Hon. William Bligh,
brother to the Earl of Darnley.

The Earl was, June 6th, 1796, created Baron Stewakt, op
Garlies, in the peerage of England ; and deceasing, November
13th, 1806, was succeeded by his eldest son,

George, the present and ninth Earl, and second Lord
Stewart, OF Garlies, who being brought up to the navy, was in
1810, promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral.

His Lordship married, April 19th, 1/97, Lady Jane Paget,
daughter of Henry Earl of Uxbridge, and has issue,

First, , Viscount Garlies, born September 12thj 1800,

Second, Allan, died May 1st, 1808.

Third, A son, born December 23d, 1807, died May 1st, 1808.

Titles. George Stewart, Earl of Galloway and Lord Garlies
in Scotland J and Lord Stewart of Garlies in England.

Creations. Earl of Galloway, September 9th, 1628; Lord
Garlies, September 2d, l607; and Lord Stewart of Garlies, in
England, June 6th, 1796.

Arms. Or, a fess cheeky, azure and argent, surmounted of a
bend, gules, within a double tressure flowered and counterflowered
with flowers-de-lis of the last.

Crest. On a wreath, a pelican feeding her young in the nest,

Supporters. On the dexter side, a savage wreathed with
laurel about the temples and middle, holding a batoon over his
shoulder, all proper; and on the sinister, a lion rampant, gules.


Chief Seat. Garlies, Wigtonshire.




This family is said to derive its descent from Nicholas Di
Stockport, Baron of Stockport,-^ one of the eight Barons of the
county palatine of Chester, created by Hugh Lupus, Earl of
Cliester, ^ who probably settled in that country before the Norman
conquest, as the name of the town of Stopford is evidently of
Saxon origin. ^ The only part of the original lands of the family,
which now remains is the estate oi Saltersford,^ near Maccleslield,
which estate is at this day in the possession of the Earl of Cour-
town, and has belonged to his ancestors from time immemorial. '

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