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of Shrewsbury opening the session, he was the next day pre-
sented to his Excelleucy by the house of commons, as their
speaker. "■

His constant faithful attachment to the established religion and
laws of his country, and to the succession of the crown in the
illustrious house of Hanover, were so eminent and conspicuous,
that no sooner had King George I. ascended the throne, than
he preferred him by privy-seal, dated September 30th, and by
patent October 1st, 1714, to the office of Lord High Chancellor
of Ireland, into which he was sworn October 14th, and he con-
tinued in that great trust to June 25, 1725.* On Oct. pth, 1714,
he was sworn of the privy-council (as he had been to King Wil-
liam, and Queen Anne) ; and, by privy-seal, dated at St. James's
February 22d, 1/14, and by patent ^ April 13th, 1/15, was ad-



q To which he replied, " I am extremely sensible of this great honour
done me, is I always have been of the goodness of the house of commons, in
supporting me in the discharge of the trust, they were pleased to repose in
me, and cannot sufficiently acknowledge their favour, or express the satisfac-
tion 1 take, that the witnesses of my behaviour during so many sessions of
parliament, have unanimously approved it, and given an uncontroulable
testimony of my having, in all instances, to the best of my power, done
my duty to the crowa, the house of commons, and the kingdom in general."

r When the Lord Chancellor thus addressed him :

«« Mr. Brodrick,

" I am commanded by my L. L. to acquaint you, that his Grace, not
doubting your abilities, and expecting that you v;ill endeavour to keep this
session quiet and easy, and to give such dispatch to the public business as
matters of so great consequence and her Majesty's aftairs necessarily require;
does approve the choice the commons have made of you to be their
Speaker."*

s Lodge Collect.

t The preamble. Quandoquidem nihil habeamus in regia nostra digni-
tate magnLficentius, quam quod ab ea, quasi sonte unico, titulL et honores in



* Lords Jour. vol. ii. p. 421.



468 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

vanced to the dignity of Baron Brodrick ofMiddleton ; and, No-
vember 12th, (the first day of the first parliament after his Ma-
jesty's accession) he took his seat in the house of peers. "

On March 20th, 1/16, he wos constituted one of the L. J. of
the kingdom, as he was again January 7th, 17l7; a third time,
November 20th, l/ip; a fourth time, March 2gth, 1723; and
a fifth time. May 20th, 1724; having been further advanced in
the peerage, by privy seal dated at Hampton-Court, July 31st,
and by patent,'' August ISth, 1/17) by the title oi l^iscount

subditos nostros deriventur ; nihil apud nos sanctius habebitur, quam cos a
nobis et republica bene merentibus decernere. Horum in numeio, jure opti-
mo, perquam fidelem et praedilectum conciliarium nostrum Alanum Brodrick
recensemus, quern amplissimis honoribus iliustrando dudum princeps popu-
lusquc, tanquam emuli, conteiidisse videantur. Dum propria egregii Viri
Merita intuemur, stemmatis sui claritudinem, quasi supervacaneum silentio
prasterimus, quamvis hac etiatn in parte singulari splendore emineat, ab iLlo
scilicet Gulielmi Normanni comniiiitone prognatus, qui jam turn domus suae
gioriam (quod Insignibus gentilitiis familise vel in co sasculo propriis satis
constat] a proavis militia inclytis deductam ostentarit tantis ortns majoribus
ad famam consequendam novi hominis labore ac patientia hie noster usus est,
non ad eam quam jam agendus est dignitatem raptira transiliit, ac in cursu
honorum per officia amplissima gradatim provcctus, soUicitatoris ac deinde
Attornati Gefieralis Muniis maxima cum Laude perfunctus, tandem principis
in banco regio Justiciarii sedem occupavit, unde majori Gloria amofus est
quam qua alii ad eandem dignitatem evecti sunt, nempe ob fidem in domum
nostram ac religionem reformatam, isto munere istis temporibus spoliari me-
ruit, fortunjE optimoium civium particeps illustris, qui vix uUum in republica
authoritatem retinucrunt, quam armis, virtutibus, consiliis in summo Gloris
fastigio coUocassent. Noluit interim patria integerrimi juxta ac ornatisoimi
viri ope et auxilio carere, quern inde inferiori senatus curias praefecit, ubi antea
oratoris partes, omni laude cumulatus, adimpleverat, hoc in munere obeundo
tantum valuit gravissimi viri constantia et auctoritas, ut causa nostra in Bri-
tanniarum regno languescens, prorsus et in extremum discrimen adducta, in
Hibernia novis viribus indies cresceret ac vigeret. Quum proinde aequum
nobis visum fuerit in tanto viro ornando partem habuisse ipsum earum legum
quas saepius vindicavit custodem nomine ac potestate magni cancellarii con-
stituimus, nunc insuper ut iis nunquam non invigilet, procerum ordinibus aJ-
scribi volumus. Sciatis igitur, Sec. Rot. i Geo. I. i. p. f-
" Lords Jour, vol. ii. p. 454.
X The preamble. Cum aucta in nos et rempublicam merita auctos a

nobis honores postulare videantur ; cumque xquum sit ut Alanum Baronem
Brodriclc de Midleton, Cancellarium nostrum Regni nostri Hibernise, talem
tantumque virum, quem tot egrcgis et raras virtutes in eo conspicuas, ad pos-
tremum nobilitatis gradum evexere, eaedem multiplicatce et magis illustratae
in altiorem dignitatis gradum promoveant ; eum igitur, quem Hibernia semper
experta est sibi fidelem in periculosissimis et pene perditis reipublicae tempo-
ribus, quem perspexit verje fidei, reformatae religionis, et salutis libertatisque
communis acrem et strcnuum propugnatorem, quem adeo in deliciis habuit, ut
eum (vel renitente bis Palatioj propenso erga eum amore, in oratorem publi*



LORD ERODRICK. 469

jifidlefon, with the creation fee of twenty marcs, by which title
he sat first in parhaujent the 27th of that month j y and January
7th following, embarking for England with the Duke of Bolton,
L. L. was chosen, during his stay in that kingdom, to serve in
parliament for Midhurst in Sussex, for which, in March, 1723,
he was rechosen, ^ which he continued to represent till his death ;
and on June 0th, 1720, he was commissioned with Sir Ralph
<jore. Sir John St. Leger, and others ; to examine and inspect all
accompts of public money.''

" He was," says Coxe, " bred up to the law, and rose to
such eminence in that profession, that in 1 695 he was appointed
solicitor-general, and being chosen member for the city of Cork,
in 1703, was unanimously elected speaker of the house of com-
mon=, attached himself to the Whigs ; and having opposed some
bills which were favoured by the Duke of Ormond, lord lieute-
nant, he was removed from the office of solicitor-general. In
1707, when the Whig Administration was formed, he was made
attorney-general; and, in 1709, chief justice of the Queen's
Eench j but was removed, in 1711j when the Tories came into
power. He was chosen, in 17 1 3, member for the county of
Cork, and again elected speaker by the Whigs, in opposition to
the castle interest. During the last years of Queen Anne, he
proved his faithful attachment to the religion and constitution, by
promoting the succession of the house of Hanover, and was highly
instrumental in counteracting the cabals of those wIk) were in-
clined to restore the pretender. In reward for these eminent ser-

cum civium equitumque senatus eligerat ea dicencli facultate pollentem, quse
lion solum clientium jura sibi Integra conservaret, veiumetiam lapsa in integ-
rum rcstitueret, quumque ilium tot pfteclaris ingenii dotibus instructum ipsa
ejus patiia certissimis testimoniis nostro favori commendaverit, non dubita-
vimus eum Baronis honoribus et insignibus jampridem augere, sed easdem
virtutes, quas fama in eo imminere pisedicavit, nos el inesse jamdudum per-
speximus. Ideoque sicut ob cclebrem de eo et vere disbipatam laudem et pias-
conium, eum in Conventu Nobilium in ipsls Regni nostri initiis recepimus,
jam ob easdem virtutes in eo a nobis satis compertas, et ab eo in imperii nostri
pacem et incolumitatem, in patrias dignitatem et commodum, in civium om-
nium salutem, et coronae nostras decus etornamentum feliclter directas et ad-
ministratds, eundem egregium virum in foro, in senatu, et in curia deniquc
pari laude se gerentem, in magis sublime vicecomitum Subsellium, summo
Bonorum omnium consensu, provehere dignati sumus. Sciatis igitur, &c.
Rot. 4 Geo, I. 1. p. f.

y Lords Jour. vol. ii- p. 545.
X On January 12th, 1726, he had a licence to hold two fairs, upon April
I5th| and October lath, at Killmac-Clceny in the county of Cork,

^ Lodge.



4^0 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

vices, he was at the accession of George I. nominated chancellor
of Ireland, in 1715, was created a peer, by the title of Baron
Brodrick, and, in 1717, advanced to the dignity of Viscount
MidLeton; in the same year he was also chosen member of the
British parliament for Midhurst in Sussex, which borough he con-
tinued to represent till his death. When the functions of his
high office did not render his presence necessary in Ir^^land, his
eloquence and abiHties were useful in supporting the measures of
government in England. As he considered himself obliged to
Sunderland for his promotion to an Irish peerage, he attached
himself to the party of that minister. But neither his obligation
or interest could induce him to swerve from his duty to his
country, or to support an administration in measures which he
disapproved ; he resisted all the solicitations, offer?, and menaces
of Sunderland, to vote in favour of the Peerage Bill, and he per-
sisted in opposition to the request of the lord lieutenant, and the
orders of the sovereign ; the minutes of his conversations with
Sunderland and others on that occasion, and the rules which he
laid down for his conduct, afford evident proofs of his integiity
and firmness, and do honour to his memory. His refusal, in this
instance, offended Sunderland, and nothing but the difficulty of
finding a proper successor for the office of lord chancellor pre-
vented his disgrace. He was treated, however, with so much
coldness and disregard, that for three years he expected every mo-
ment to be dismissed; a situation of uncertainty which he bore
with unexampled patience and dignity. On the death of Sunder-
land, he attached himself to Carteret, in opposition to Townshend
and Walpole ; he joined to a natural warmth and vehemence of
temper, which he himself was the first to acknowledge^ an high
consciousness of his own talents and influence, which produced
an unbending pertinacity of opinion, and a display often ostenta-
tious of his own services and importance. He possessed great
dignity of sentiment, and a spirit so independent, th&t he would
not permit even his personal esteem for the King to bias his con-
duct in the duties of his high station ; be considered the salary of
office his due for his exertions as chancellor, and thought himself
at liberty to act, vote, and speak, in parliament (as a lord), just in
the same manner, while he was on the woolsack, as he would
have done at one of the benches. The warmth of his temper
was increased by the still greater warmth of his brother and son."

He married three wives j to his first, Catherine, second daughter
of Redmond Barry, of Rathcormuck in the county of Cork, Esq.



LORD BRODRICK. 47 1

by his first wife Mary, daughter of John Boyle, of Castlelyons,
Esq. by whom he had one daughter, who died an infant, and one
son,

St. John Brodrick, Esq. who in the reign of Queen Anne,
was member of parliament for the borough of Midleton, and the
city of Cork 5 and on King George's accession, returned for the
county, which he represented to his death. In 1721 and I722,
he was chosen to sit in the English parliament for Beeralston in
Devonshire, and June 25th, ]724, sworn of his Majesty's privy
council in Ireland. In 1709, he married Anne, sister to Trevor,
Viscount Hillsborough, and died in February, 1727.

" St. John Brodrick," says Coxe, " son of Lord Midleton,
was not deficient in talents and knowledge ; possessed great skill
in debating, which he managed with good effect in the Irish house
of commons, where his father's advice and interest rendered him
highly respected. He was presumptuous and confident} sanguine
in his hopes, and vehement in his pursuits; affecting great fore-
sight, sagacity, and discernment; he was highly irritable, readily
provoked, but open to flattery, and easy of delusion. He was
first chosen a member of the Irish parliament for the borough of
Midleton, and afterwards represented, until his death, the city of
Cork. He was elected in 1721, and in the new parliament which
assembled in 1722, for Beer-Alston in Devonshire. Both the
brother and son caballed with Lord Carteret, and seem to have
conceived a violent antipathy against Walpole, which was height-
ened by his opposing the bill for permitting the importation of
Irish calicoes. The proud consciousness entertained by Lord
Midleton of his abilities and influence in Ireland, was increased
by the repeated accounts transmitted from his brother and son, of
the King's high sense of the services rendered by the whole fa-
mily ; and by Carteret's repeated declarations, that he alone was
capable of overcoming Ireland. His opposition received an ad-
ditional impulse from the sanguine representations of his son, that
the power of Walpole was declining, and a full conviction that
the combination of Cadogan, Carteret, and Roxburgh, would tri-
umph in the cabinet,"

St. John Broderick had issue by his wife above-mentioned,
who died April 25th, 1752, ^ five daughters ; viz.

Catherine, buried November 2d, 1713, in the chaxicel of St,
Michan's church, Dublin.

l» Chanceiy Bill filed January 30th. 1764.



-i7% PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Anne, manied to James, son of Sir James Jeffcreys, of Blarney
]n the county of Cork, Knight, living in 1/13, and b}' her, who
died in Cork, May 13th, 1753, had issue James St. John, of
Blarney castle (who married the eldest daughter of John Fitz-
Gibbon, Esq. and by her was father of Mary-Anne, Countess
of Westmeath) ; Alan, who died at Corke, April 6th^ 1758 j
and Arthur, who died there, December 1st, 1760, unmarried.

Catherine, married, in I737, to Charles O'Neiie, of Shane's
castle in the county of Antrim, Esq. eldest son of John, of Eden-
dufF-Carrick, alias Shane's castle, and nephew of Charles, who
married Lady Mary Powlet, eldest daughter cf Charles, second
Duke of Bolton, by his second wife, which Lady Mary, on her
husband's decease in 1716, re-married with Capel Moore, son of
Charles, Earl of Drogheda. John O'Neiie aforesaid, died in 1729,
having had the said Charles, his heir npparent ; Clotworthy ;
daughter Catherine, married to Sir Richard Butler, Viscount
Mountgarret, died April 15th, 1739, and was buried at St. Mi-
chan's; Rachel; Elinor; Rose; Anne; and Mary, married to
Robert Borrowes, of Kildare, Esq. Charles, the eldest son, mar-
ried as above, served in parliament for RandaUtown, and dying
suddenly, left issue by his lady, who died July Sist, 1742, and
was buried at St. Michan's, two sons and one daughter, viz. John,
, his heir ; St. John, born at his grandfather's house May 6th, 1 741 ,
and married to a daughter of Robert Borrowes, Esq. ; and Anne,
to Richard Jackson, Esq. second secretary to George, Lord Vis-
count Townsend, L. L. John, the eldest son, received a liberal
education in the universities of Dublin and Oxford ; he succeeded
at Shane's castle, served lirst in parliament for Randalstown, and
was elected to parliament for the county of Antrim, and sworn
of the privy council in Ireland ; he was created Baron O'NeU
i793; and a Viscount 1795; killed by the rebels 1798. De-
cember iSth, 1777^ he married Henrietta Boyle, ^ only daughter
cf Charles, Lord Dungarvan, heir apparent to John, the fifth Earl
of Cork and Orrery, and by her had issue Charles, now Eail
O'NeU, kc.

Mary, married, September l6th, 1739, to Sir John Freke, of
Castle-Freke in the county of Cork, Bart, fourth of that title ; •=

b A poetess, the friend of Mrs. Charlotte Smith.

e Francis Freke, Esq. a person of good repute in Somerset, was father of

Robert Freke, who was auditor of the Treasury in the reigns of King Henry

VIII. and Queen Elizabeth, and died worth upwards of 100,000/. leaving

«>suc Sir Thomas FrekCiKnt* (who settled in Dorsetshire and was ancestor



LORD BRODRICK. , 473

member of parliament for Baltimore, and chosen for the city of
Cork in 1761 ; her Ladyship died at Castle-Freke, June 20th, 1761,
and was interred at Midleton, having no issue by Sir John, who
married secondly, in 1765, Lady Elizabeth Gore, second daughter
of Sir Arthur, first Earl of Arran, by whom he had Sir John, his
heir, of Caslle-Freke, and the fifth Baronet, who represented the
borough of Donegall in parliament} and January 25th, 1783,
married Lady Catherine Charlotte Gore, third daughter of his
uncle the late Earl of Arran.

Jane, to Rev, Laurence Brodrick, minister of Callan, &e. as
before mentioned, and had a daughter born September 18, 1758.

In 1695, Lord Midleton married, secondly, Alice, daughter of
Sir Peter Courthorpe, of the Little-Island in the county of Cork,
(by his second wife, Elizabeth Giffard) and sister to Colonel John
Courthorpe, who was killed at the siege of Namure in FJanderSj
and by her, who was buried at St. Michan's, June 30th, 1703, he
had two sons, and one daughter; Courthorpe, baptized March
25th, 1700, and buried at St. Michan's, December 23d following;
K\?iV\, his successor ; and Alice, born May 31st, 1697* married,
March 3d, 173O, to Rev. John Castleman, Fellow of All-Souls
college, Oxford, son to Jonathan Castleman, of Coberly in Glou-
cestershire, Esq.

On December Isi, 17 1 6, his" Lordship married to his third
wife Anne, daughter of Sir John Trevor, master of the rolls in
England, who died May 20th, 171 7j 2ged ninety; widow of
Michael Hill, of Hillsborough, Esq. and departing this life, at
Ballyallan in the county of Cork, August 29th, 1728, had no issue
by her, who died January 5th, J7^7j ^nd was succeeded by his
only surviving son,

to the families oY Hanning, Upway, and Farringdon, in that county) ; and
William, of Sareen in Hampshire, who took to Wife the daughter of Arthur
Swaine, Esq and with his son Arthur removed into Ireland; which Arthur,
heir to his father, lived near the city of Cork, and by Doro hy, daughter of
Sir Piercy Smith, of Youghall, Knt. had Fiercy. his heir, who succeeded to
his father's estates in Ireland going to Fngland he married Elizabeth, daugh-
ter of Raufe Freke, Esq his kinsman, with whom he had a considerable for-
tune, and purchasing the estate of Bliney in Norfolk, left the sarre to his son,
Raufe Freke, Esq. who was created a Baronet of England iz Queen Anne,
and left issue three sons, viz. Sir Piercy, his successor; Raute who died at
Richmond in Surrey in lyijj unman ied ; and Sir John, who succeeded to the
title. Sir Piercy, the second Baronet, served in parliament for the borough of
Baltimore, and dying unmarried in Dublin, in April tyaS, was succeeded in
title and estate by his next surviving brother, Sir John, the third Baronet,
mentioned in the text. Baronetage of England, edit. i77i,vol.iii. p. 38—39.



474 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Alan, second Viscount Midle ton ^ baptized January 31st, l/Ol,
who in September, I7'^i'7 , was appointed a coramissioner of his
Majesty's customs in England, which he held till 1730, being
constituted, August 27th that year, joint comptroller of the ac-
compts of the army, with Sir Philip Meddows; was member of
parliament for Midhurst; and November 26th, 1733, took his
seat in the house of peers. ^ On May 7th, 1729, his Lordship
married the Lady Mary Capel, youngest daughter of Algernon,
Earl of Essex, and deceasing in England, June 8th, 1747, left
issue by her, who, in October, 1727> was appointed a lady of the
bed-chamber to the Princess Anne of Great Britain, and died in
St. James's-street, London, March 12th, 1762, an only son,

Georgk, third Viscount Midleton, born October 3d, 1730, and
named after his Majesty, who stood his godfather in person ; Oc-
tober 29th, 1751, he took his seat in the house of peers ;^ and
was chosen to the British parliament in 1754, for Ashburton in
Devon. On May 1, 1752, his Lordship married Albina, daughter
of Thomas Townsend, Esq. brother to Charles, Lord Viscount
Townsend, and uncle to George, late Marquis Townsend, of Rayn-
ham, so created in 1788, and deceasing September 22d, 1765, had
issue by her, who is since deceased.

First, George, his successor.

Second, Thomas, born December 10th, 1756, died January
13th, 1795.

Third, Henry, a colonel in the army, died at Lisbon in 1785.

Fourth, Charles, D. D. archbishop of Cashell, and primate of
Munster, married, Dec. 8th, 17S6, Mary, daughter of Richard
Woodward, bishop ofCloyne, and has issue, Charles; George j
Mary, married, March 13th, I8O9, James, Viscount Bernard,
eldest son of Francis, Earl of Bandon} Albina 3 l/ouisaj and
Frances.

Fifth, William, late a lord of the treasury, and representative
in parliament for Whitchurch in Hampshire,

Sixth, John, a brigadier-general in the army.

Seventh, Albinia, died young.

Eighth, Mary.

Ninth, Harriet died an infant.

The Viscount died September 22dj 1 7^5, and was succeeded
by his eldest son,

Geokge, /owr/A and present Viscount Midleton, and first

* Lords Journals) vol. iii. p. «43.



LORD BRODRICK. 475

Lord Brodrick, who was born November 1st, 1754, and while
a commoner served in several British parliaments for Whitchurch
in Hampshire,

He married, first, December 5th, 1778, Frances, daughter of
Thomas, Lord Pelham, and her Ladyship died June 23d, J 783.
By her he had

Frances-Anne, married, August 24th, 1803, Inigo-Freeman-
Thomas, of Ratton in Sussex, Esq.

His Lordship married, secondly, June 15th, I'jgy, Maria,
daughter of the late Richard Benyon, of Gideahall in Essex, and
of Engletield in Berkshire, Esq. and has issue

First, Maria, born March 2Sth, l/pp.

Second, Charlotte, born February 18th, 1801.

Third, Harriet, born August 10th, ] 804.

Fourth, George Alan, born June 10th, 1805.

Fifth, Emma, born August 13th, ISO".

His Lordship was elevated to the British peerage by the title
iof Lord Brodrick May 28tb, 1796.

Titles. George Brodrick, Viscount of Midleton and Baron
Brodrick of Midleton, and Baron Brodrick of England.

Creations. Baron Brodrick, of Midleton in the county of
Cork, April ]3th, 1/15, 1 Geo. L; and Viscount of the same
place, August 15th, i7^7 i a»(l Baron Brodrick of England May
28th, 1796.

Anns. Argent, on a chief, vert, two spear heads erect, of
the field, their points embrued, pmper.

Crest. A spear, argent, embrued, proper, issuing out of a ducal
coronet, or.

Supporters. Two men in complete armour, each holding a
spear, as the crest.

Motto. A CUSPIDE CORONA.

Chi^f Seat. Midleton in the county of Cork, 1 10 miles from
Dublin ; and Pepper-Harrow in the county of SuiTej', thirty-ihrec
miles from London.



476



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.




ROUS, LORD ROUS.



The ancestor of this family was

Peteh le Rous, of Dennington, in the county of Suffolk,
Esq. who married the daughter and heir of John Hubbard, of Den-
nington, in the said county, Esq. and by her had issue,

\ViLLiAM le Rous, of Dennington, Esq. his son and heir, mar-
ried to Catherine, daughter and heir to Peter le Watre, of Den-
nington, aforesaid, Gent, and had issue,

William le Rous, Esq. his son and heir, who married Ade-
lyne, daughter and heir to John Clowting, of Laxheld in the
county of Suffolk, Esq. (and of Elizabeth, his wife, daughter and
heir of Sir William Phillips, of Dennington in the county of Suf-
folk, Knight ; and of Juliana, his wife, daughter and one of the
heirs of Sir Thomas Erpingham, Knight), which William and
Adelyne, had issue

Robert le Rous, Esq. who took to wife Margaret, daughter
and heir to Richard Roys, of Northwalsham in the county of
Norfolk, Esq. (son and heir to Roger Roys, and of his wife, the
daughter and heir of Laurence Spriggy, of Mousely in the county
of Norfolk, Esq.) and had issue,

Reginald Rous, of Dennington aforesaid, Esq. his son and
heir, who married Eh zabeth, sister to John Denston, ofDever-
deston in the county of Suffolk, Esq. and by her had issue.

First, Henry, his eldest son.

Second, Thomas.

Third, John.

Fourth^ Edward, ancestor to those of Badingham, iu this



LORD ROUS. 477



It



eounfy, which terniinated in Laurence Rous^ of Badinghamj who
died without issue.

Fifth, William ; and,

Sixth, Humphry.

And a daughter, Anne, married to Thomas Falstolph^ of Pet-
tawe, in the county of Suffolk, Esq.



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