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Henry Rous, of Bennington, Esq. the eldest son and heir,

married Agnes, daughter of Denton, in the county of

Oxon, Esq. and by her had issue.

First, Sir William Rons, Knight.

Second, Edmund, married , the daughter of

Bacon, of Hesset in the county of Suffolk, Esq.

Sir William Rous, of Bennington, Knight, son and heir to
Henrjs married Alice, daughter of Sir John Sulyard, of Wether-
den in the county of Suffolk, Knight, and lord chief justice of
England, and by her had issue,

First, Sir Anthony Rous, Knight.

Second, Edmond 3 and.

Third, George.

AI.SO Alice, married to Thomas Garneys, of Beccles in the
county of Suffolk, Esq. ; and Anne, married to Christopher Gold-
ingham, of Belstead in the county of Suffolk, Esq.

Sir Anthony Rous, of Bennington, Knight, son and heir to
Sir William, purchased Henham-hall, in the county of Suffolk,
of Sir Arthur Hopton, 37 Hen. VIII, ISAb." He married Agnes,

daughter to Thooias Blenner Hasset, of , in the county of

Norfolk, Esq. and by her had issue, first, Thomas Rous, his eldest
son ; and second, John Rous, B. D.

Thomas Rous, of Dennington, Esq, married to his first wife,

Catherine, daughter and heir of Gyles Hansard, of , in the

county of Lincoln, Esq. and by her had no issue. He married,
secondly, Anne, daughter and coheir to Sir Nicholas Hare, of
Brusyard, Knight, master of the Rolls, and by her had issue.

First, Sir Thomas Rous, his eldest son.

Second, Anthony.

Third, Margaret, who married Henry Hobart, of Blickling in
the county of Norfolk, Esq. ; and fourth, Lucy.

Sir Thomas Rous married Parnel, daughter of Sir John Good-
-wyn, of Winchendon, in the county of Bucks, Knight, and had
issue,

?■ At this time the family is noticed by Leland, in his Itinerary, vol. vi. p- 15<



479 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND,

First, Sir John Rous, his eldest son.

Second, Thomas Rous ; also Parnel, who married

Duke, of Worlingham in the county of Suffolk, Esq.; and
Anne.

Sir John Rous, of Henham-hall in the county of Suffolk,
Knight, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Christopher Yelverton,
of Easton, in the county of Northampton, Knight, lord chief
justice of England; and had issue.

First, CHRisropHER Rons, Esq. who married Elizabeth,
daughter of Sir William Fitz, of Woodham-Walter in Essex,
Knight, relict of Sir Foynings More, of Loseley in Surrey, Bart,
but died without issue.
Second, Sir John,

Third, Michael, married to Judith, the daughter of Sir Arthur
Jenny, of Knotishall in Suffolk, Knight.
Fourth, Thomas ; also.

Fifth, Mary, married to Richard Coke, of Thorington, in the
county of Suffolk, Esq. ; and sixth, Elizabeth, married to Francis
Warner, of Farham in the same county, Esq.

Sir John Rous, of Henham-hall in the county of Suffolk, his
eldest surviving son, was advanced to the dignity of a Baronet,
12 Car, II, He served as burgess in parliament, for'Dunwich in
Suffolk, 1661.

He married two wives ; first, Anne, daughter of Sir Nicholas
Bacon, of Gillingham in the county of Norfolk, Bart, 3 by her he
had no issue.

His second wife was, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Knyvett,
of Ashwell-Thorp in the county of Norfolk, Esq, and by her had
issue.

First, Sir John, the succeeding Baronet.

Second, Catherine, who married John Harbord, son of Sir
Charles Harbord, of Stanninghall in the county of Norfolk,
Knight ; third, Elizabeth, who died young ; and fourth, Letitia,
married to John Ayde, of Horsted in the county of Norfolk.

Esq.

Sir John Rous, of Henham-hall, second Baronet, his only son
and successor, was sheriff of the county of Suffolk, 166I. He
married, first, Phillippa, daughter of Thomas Bedingfield, of Dar-
sham-hall in the county of Suffolk, Esq. sister and coheir of Tho-
mas Bedingfield, Esq. and granddaughter of Sir Thomas Beding-
field, Knight, one of the judges of the court of Common-Pleas,



LORD ROUS. 479

temp. Car. I. and had issue two sons ; first. Sir John, his iuccessor',
and second, Thomas, who died young.

Also three daughters j Elizabeth, and Phillippa, who died un-
married ; and Hannah, married to Charles, second son of Sir Wil-
liam Hoskins, of Oxstead in Surrey, Knight.

His second wife was Anne, daughter of Robert Wood, of
Kingston upon Thames in Surrey, Esq, and by her had issue.

Second, Sir Robert, successor to his brother, of whom here-
after.

Third, Thomas; fourth, Harbord, both dead.
Fifth, I'hilip, rector of Bennington in the county of Suffolk.
Sixth, Thomas 5 and seventh, Roger, who both died young.
Also Anne, who died young ; Mary, married Nathaniel Acton,
of Hemiston in the county of Sufiblk, Esq.; and Anne, married,

first, to William, the second son of Turner, of Old Land

in Kymere, in Sussex, Gent, and secondly, to Mr. Mackey, Gent.
but had no issue by either husband.

Sir John died in April, 1730, aged near eighty, and was suc-
ceeded in dignity and estate, by his eldest son by the first venter.

Sir John Rous, third Baronet, who served in parliament for
Dunwich in Sutiolk, in the first parliament called after the union ;
li-j did not long survive his father, for he died in February follow-
ing, unmarried J and was succeeded in dignity and estate by his
half-brother, eldest son of Sir John by his second lady.

Sir Robert Rous, /our/A Baroiiet, who married Lydia, daugh-
ter of John Smith, of Holton in Suffolk, Gent, by whom he had
two sons,

First, John, who died young ; second, Sir John, his successor j
and a daughter, Lydia, who died young.

Lady Rous died October 13tb, 17^9; and Sir Robert, at
Bristol, in June 1735, and was succeeded in dignity and estate by
his only surviving son

Sir John Rom, ffth Baronet, who served the office of high
sheriff for Suffolk ; and was elected member of parliament for
that county in l/GS. He died October 31st, 1/71, having mar-
ried, in 1749, Judith, daughter and heir of John Bedingfield, of
Beeston in Norfolk, Esq. (who surviving him, re-married the
Rev. Mr. Lockwood, by whom she had issue.)
First, John, the present Lord.

Second, Frances, married, in 177 1, to the late Sir Henry Peyton,
of Doddington, in the isle of Ely, Bart, by whom she has Sir
Henry, &c.



480 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Thirdj Charlotte, died unmarried, in 1770.

Fourth, Louisa Judith, born iu 1767 ; married, in January,
1/9 1 , John Birch, Esq. deputy governor of Chandernagore, in the
East Indies, where she died in 1794, leaving issue.

Sir John Rhus, sixth Baronet, and first Lord Rous, was
born May 30th, 17^0 ; and was elected member of parliament
for the county of SufFolk in 1780, 1784, and 179O; and at length
on May 28th, 1796, he was elevated to the British peerage by the
title of Lord Rous, of Dennington in Suffolk.

His Lordship married, first, in January, 17S8, Frances-Juliana-
Warter Wilson, sole heiress of Edward- Warter Wilson, Esq. of
Bilboa, in the county of Limerick in the kingdom of Ireland, by
the Hon. Frances-Anne Evans, sister of George, late Lord Car-
berry j by whom, who died in June, 179O, he had issue

A daughter, Frances- Anne- Juliana, bom May lOtb, 1790.

His Lordship married, secondly, in February, 1792, Charlotte-
Maria Wbiltaker, sister of Abraham Whittaker, of Lyson House,
Herefordshire, Esq. and by her he has issue.

Second, Charlotte-Marianne-Harriott, born February 27, 179^-

Third, John-Ed ward-Cornwallis, born February 13th, 1794.

Fourth, Henry-John, born January 23d, 1795.

Fifth, William Rufus, born August 1st, 1796.

Sixth, a daughter, born July 18th, 1799.

Seventh^ a son, born July 15th, 1800.

Titles. Sir John Rous, Baronet J Lord Rous, of Dennington
in Suffolk.

Creations. Lord Rous by patent May 28th, 1796} and a
Baronet August l6th, 1660.

Arms. Sable, a fesse dancettee, or, between three crescents
argent.

Crest. On a wreath, a bunch of bay leaves, vert.

Supporters. On the dexter side a lion ; on the sinister a sea-
horse, his tail wreathed round an anchor.

Motto. Je VIVE EN ESPOIR.

Chief Seat. Henham-hall, Suffolk,



LORD CALTHORPE.



^91




CALTHORPE, LORD CALTHORPE.



His Lordship is descended by the male line from the Stafford-
shire family of Gough.

luNERTH, or John Gough, of Wales, Esq. had three sons.

First, Sir Philip, knighted in the French wars under King
Henry IV. V. VJ.

Second, Sir Matthew, knighted in the French wars under
Talbot, slain in Cade's rebellion, 1450.

Third, Thomas, of London, woolstapler, who died 1437.

Richard Gough, citizen of London, and merchant of the
Staple, (son either of Thomas, or of Sir Matthew) died 14g5,
leavinor issue

Thomas Gough, of Wolverhampton, merchant of the Staple^
who died 1532, leaving issue

Henry Gough, of Wolverhampton, who died in 156o, leaving
issue

John Gough, of Wolverhampton, draper, and merchant of the
Staple, 1562, who died 1596, leaving issue by Elizabeth Blunt, of
Ridware, who died l6l5, leaving several children; of whom

Hen RY Gough, of Wolverhampton, was son and heir. He pur-
chased the lordship and seat of OldfalUngs in the parish of Bysh-
bury com. Stafford, and died in 1655, leaving several children
by his first wife, Elizabeth Leigh, of Wolverhampton^ who died
1628; of whom

John Gough, of OldfalUngs, purchased, in 1656, of John
Knight, Esq. the manor and lordship of Beffcoat, and in 1659,
the manor and grange of Walton, both in the county of Stafibrd :

VOL. vm. a I



452 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

be had two wives, first, Bridget, daughter of John Astley, of Staf-
fordshire, Esq. ; secondly, Margaret, daughter of Wedg-
wood, of the same county, Esq. and died l665. By the latter
marriage he had two daughters ;

Elizabeth, married to Edward Woodhouse, of Woodhouse j
?.nd Mary, to John Huntbach, of Fetherston. ^

But by his first wife he had four sons and four daughters.
First, Sir Henry, of Perry-Hall, of whom presentlj.
Second, Dorothy, married to Michael Arnold, of West-
minster.

Third, John, who died unmarried.

Fourth, Anne, of Wolverhampton, who died unmarried, 1/31.
Fifth, Bridget, married to John Newbery, of London.
Sixth, Sir Richard, of whom hereafter, as ancestor to Lord
Ca/thorpe.

Seventh, Thomas, who died unrnarried.

Eighth, Judith, married to William Dugdale, of Blythe-Hall
in Warwickshire, Esq. son of Sir John Dugdale, Knight, and
grandson to the famous Sir William Dugdale, Knight. He died
1715.

Sir Henry Gough, of Perry-Hall^ in Staffordshire, eldest son,
was knighted by King Charles IL April 7th, I678, and purchased
of Sir Edward Coney, Knight, Edward Grey, and Richard Best,
Esqrs, the moiety of the manor of Perry-Barr, in the said county
of Stafford, to which he removed, and which has since continued
the seat of this branch of the family ; he died January 24th, \724,
having been meinber of parliament for Tarn worth. He married
Mary, daughter of Sir Edward Littleton, of Pillaton-Hall, in Staf-
fordshire, Bart, by whom he had issue.

First, Jolm ; and second, Henry, who died infants.
Third, Walter, of Oldfallings.

Fourth and fifth, John and Edvv'ard, who died young.
Sixth, Harry, of whovi afterwards, as father to the Late ceie^
l-rated ajitiquary.

Seventh, Richard, died in India, captain of a trading ship,
1713.

Eighth, Edward, died young.

Ninth, Matthew, page to the Princess of Denmark, aet. four^
teen.

a He died February Qtli, 1704, aged sixty-five, an eminent antiquary,
who collected many valuable MSS. for the History of StafTordihire. See

ihiw's Staff, vol.ii. p 180.



LORD CALTHORPE. 483

Tenth, John, cornet of dragoons, drowned at the fosse at
Lisle.

Eleventh, Charles, merchant, and Director of the East India
Company, died single February llth, 1774, set. eighty-one.

Twelfth, Anne, married John Roberts, governor of St. He-
lena; and re-married Francis Holmes, and died 1739.

Thirteenth, Bridget, married John Hunt, of Winson-Green,
Esq.

Fourteenth, Jane, married William Vernon, of Horsington,
com. Lincoln, and died 1/46.

Fifteenth, Isabella, married Eldred Lancelot Lee, Esq. of
Coton, Salop, and died 1767.

Walter Gough, of Oldfaliings, eldest surviving son, mar-
ried Martha, eldest daughter of Thomas Harwood, of Tern, com.
Salop, Esq. and died 1/30, leaving Walter, born I712, who died
1773, leaving by Mary Hunt, his first wife, John Gough, of
Perry-Hall, Esq. born 1744, who by Eleanor Martha Mytton,
has John, born 17S0j Martha, born l/Sl ; and Eleanor, bora
1788.

Harry Gough, Esq. ^ fifth son of Sir Harry Gough, of Perry -
Hall, by Mary Littleton, born April 2d, I68I, was highly distin-
guished for his abilities by some excellent judges of their merit.
He went, when only eleven years old, with Sir Ptichard Gough,
his uncle, to China 3 kept all his accounts, and was called by
the Chinese Ami JFhang, or the white-haired boy. In 1707, he
commanded the ship Streatham ; his younger brother, Richard,
purser, 1709- He continued to command this ship till l/l^j and
with equal ability and integrity, he acquired a decent competency,
the result of many hardships and voyages in the service of the
East India Company, to which his whole life was devoted while
he presided among their directors, being elected one of them in
1731, if not sooner. Possessed of great application and great ac-
tivity, one of his friends used to say, if he would take the whole
East India Company on«him, he must answer for it, for nobody
would assist him, though they would contradict him. Nor was
his duty in parliament less attended to while he represented the
borough of Brambcr, from J 734 to his death, and refused several
offers from the then Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Robert
Walpole, afterwards Earl of Orford, whose confidence he pos-
sessed. The long and late debates during the opposition to that
minister hurt his health ; for he would often go to the house with
a fit of the gout coming on. He purchased, 1707^ of the other



484 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

co-heiress, wife of Sir Richard Shellej, the other moiety af the
Middleaiore estate in Warwickshire, afterwards possessed by his
son and heir Richard, together with the property at Enfield, which
he purchased 1723, and from which, in compliment to hini, an
East India ship took her name 1730.

He died July 13th, 1751, having married Elizabeth Hinde,
who died May '27th, 177-1> by whom he had three daughters,
Anne; Elizabeth, who married John Tilly; and Judith, who
married Dr. Uvcd;)le : also one son, Richard.

His only son, Richard Gough, was born October 21st, 1735,
in a large house in Winchester-street, London, on the site of the
monastery of Austin Friars, founded by Humfry de Eohun, Earl
of Hereford and Essex, 1253, and received the first rudiments of

Latin under the tuition of Barncvvitry, a Courlander, who

taught at the same time tlie sons of several eminent merchants in
the city. On his death, he was committed to the instruction of
the Rev. Roger Pickering, one of the most learned, most impru-
dent, and most ill-treated, of the dissenting ministers of his time,
having received his education at Trinity ColUge, Cambridge ; but
by an injudicious early marriage, he forewent many advantages,
and quitting the establishment, did not improve his situation. On
his death. May 18th, 3 7^5, Mr, Gough finished his Grfek studies
vmder Mr. Samuel Dyer, the friend of Johnson and contemporary
literary characters. On the death of his father, he w s admitted,
July 1752, fellow commoner of Bene't College, Cambridge, where
his relations. Sir Hrnry Gough and his brother John, had before
studied under Dr. Manson, afterwards bishop of Chichester and
Ely. The college tutor, 1752, was Dr. John Barnardiston, after-
wards master, who married a niece lo the widow of the cele-
brated Dr. Conyers Middleton, and died 1/78, leaving an only
daughter, since married to the Rev. Mr. Yates, son of Dr. Yates,
rector of Solihull, com. Warwick, where his son was since resident
and curate. His private tutor was the Rev. John Cott, fellow of
the house, son to tlic town clerk of Lyiuie, and afterwards rector
ofBroxted, Essex, where he died 178I, having married a nirce
of the late Dr. Keene, bishop of Chester. Under the private
tuition of the three excellent scholars before mentioned, Mr.
Gough early imbibed a taste for chissica! literature and antiquities;
and it is not to be wondered that his connection with a college
eminent for producing a •^ucce.ision of Biitish antiquaries inspired
him v^ith a strong propensity to the study of our national anti-
quities. Here was iirat planned the British Topography, pub-



LORD CALTHORPE. 455

lished in I76S, in one quarto volume, improved in two of tlie
same size 1/80, and since augmented to a tlurd, and ready for
the press. From Cambridge he made his lirst excursion to Croy-
land and Peterborough, and continued these pursuits every year to
various parts of the kingdom, taking notes which, on his return,
were digested into a form which furnished materials for the new
edition o^ Camden's Britannia, the result of twenty years excur-
sions. In 1767, he was elected fellow of the Society of Antiqua-
ries of London ; and, by the partiality of the late worthy presi-
dent, Dr; Milles, dean of Exeter, was, on the death of Dr. Gre-
gory Sharpe, master of the temple, nominated director of the same
society, 1771, which office he held till December 12th, 1797,
when he quitted the society altogether. He was chosen Fellow
of the Royal Society of London 1775, but quitted that Society
1795.

He drew up the History of the Society of Antiquaries of Lon-
don, prefixed to the first volume of their Archaeologia, 177O; and
in the succeeding volume of that collection, whose publication he
superintended, are various articles drawn up, or communicated,
by him ; and accounts of several plates in the " Fetusta Monit-
menta," of the same society, bear his signature.

He opened a correspondence with Mr. Urban, \76j, under
the signature of D. H. which he retained, but not without assum-
ing some others; and on the death of his fellow collegian, Mr.
Duricombe, 1/80, he occasionally communicated reviews of lite-
rary publications to that valuable miscellany. If he criticised,
with warmth and severity certain innovations in church and state,
he wrote his sentiments with sincerity and impartiality, in the
fulness of a heart deeply impressed with a sense of the excellence
and happiness of the English constitution both in church and
state.

In 1773, he formed a design of a new edition of Camden's
Britannia, which he was seven years translating and printing, and
which was published in three volumes folio, 1789-

Being on a visit at Poole, and hearing of the difEculties under
Vvrhich Mr. Hutchins laboured respecting his History of Dorset,
he set on foot a subscription, and was the means of bringing into
light a most valuable county history, which he superintended
through the press, whence it issued in two volumes folio, 17/4.
Its author did not live to see it conipletedj but his daughter having
been enabled to proceed to Bombay, and form a happy connexion
with a gentleman to whom she had been long engaged. Major



48a PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Bellasis, in grateful return to the memory of his father-in-law, at
his own expense set on foot a new edition of the Histor}' of
Dorset, and Mr. Gough contributed his assistance to this second
edition twenty years after the first. Except Thomas's republica-
tion of Dugdale's Warwickshire, and the pallry republications of
Burtons Leicestershire, and Phi'ipot's Kent by Whittingham, and
Thoroton's Nottinghamshire by Throsby, not much superior, this
is the first instance, of a county history attaining a second edition.

Having purchased the collections of Mr. Thomas Martin, he
put out an improved " History of Thetford," 1779j quarto, with
plates from views taken by Captain Grose, who accompanied him
in the snowy season of 1778.

Having also purchased the plates of the medals, coins, and
great seals, executed by the celebrated Simon, and first published
by Vertue 1753, he gave a new and enlarged edition of them,
1780.

He assisted Mr, Nichols in his " Collection of Royal and
Noble Wills," 1 780, and wrote the preface.

He superintended the printing of Dr. Nash's " Collections for
a History of Worcesterbhire," in two volumes folio, 1781^ a short
supplement to which has lately been published by Mr. John
White, bookseller. Fleet-street.

In J7S6, he published the first volume of the Sepulchral
Monuments OF Great Britain, in a splendid folio ; in 1796,
the second, and in 1799, the introduction, which completes the
work.

In 179!, he published an account of the beautiful Missal pre-
sented to Henry VL by the Duchess of Bedford, which Mr. Ed-
wards, bookseller in Pali-Mall, purchased at the Duchess of Port-
land's sale.

In Mr. Nichols's " Billiothica Topographica," the design of
which he both suggested and forwarded, several essays bearing
his name, particularly the Memoirs of Edward Rowe Mores,
No. I. ; of the Gales, and of the Society of A.ntiquaries at Spald-
ing, No. II. and XX. ; of Sir John Hawkwood, No. IV. and
XIX. ; Genealogical view of the family of Cromwell, No. XXXI.
He assisted in the copious, well-digested, and accurate " History
of Leicestershire," undertaken and conducted with a perseverance
which would baffle common county historians, by the same friend,
to whose benevolence, impartiality, and integrit)^, he was proud to
bear a public testimony. While he had to boast of having en-
joyed the correspondence of some of the first antiquaries of the



LORD CALTHORPE. 437

three kingdoms ; and, while he enjoyed that independence which
he gloried in possessing as his inheritance, he continued to em-
ploy it in his favorite pursuit, as one of the best means in his
power of serving his country.

He died February 20th, ISOp, set. seventy-four.

" August ISth, 1774, soon after the death of his mother, ^ an
event by which he came into full possession of the house at En-
field, "^ with the large estate bequeathed to him by his father, he
added considerably to his other comforts, by marrying Anne,
daughter of Thomas Hall, Esq. of Golding, Herts ; a lady of dis-
tinguished merit, whose family was equally respectable with his
own J and who, after a long and happy union, had to lament the
loss of him whose object through life was to increase her hap-
piness.

Those only who have had the satisfiction of seeins Mr.
Gough in his domestic and familiar circle can properly appreciate
his merits. Though highly and deservedly distinguished as a
scholar, the pleasantry and the easy condescension of his convivial
hours still more endeared him, not only to his intimates, but even
to those with whom the forms and customs of the world rendered
it necessary that he should occasionally associate.

There was, however, another class of society to which, if pos-
sible, he was still more dear—the poor and the afflicted, to whom
he was at all times a father, a friend, and a protector.

Of his literary hbours it may not be necessary here to say
more than that he translated " Camden's Britannia" from the ori-
ginal, and supplied his additions, with so litUe interruption of the
ordinary intercourse of life, that none of his family were aware
that he was at any time engaged in so laborious an undertaking.

To pass over his less-imi)ortant publications, the " Sepulchral
Monuments" would alone have been sufficient to perpetuate his
fame, and the credit of the arts in England ; where few works of
superior splendour have before or since appeared.

a Elizabeth, daughter of Morgan Hynde, Esq, of London. She was
married in 1719. and, dying May 27th, 1774. was buried fwhere the remains
of her husband had been deposited in 1751 J in the rector's vault in St. An-
drew's, Holborn- See Gent. Mag. vol. xliv. p. 287, 446.

b To the property at Enfield (where he constantly resided), the late Mr.
Gough made considerable additions by purchase, particularly of a noble ad-
ditional garden, and of a field nearly adjoining, adorned with a long row of
beautiful chesnut trees, which, he used pleasantly to say, were planted by his
father, and were coceval with himself— and which he afterwards had to pay
for as full-grown timber.



4SS PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

One great object of the latter part of Mr. Gough's life was, to
prepare his " Sepulchral Monuments" for a new edition. With
this constantly in view, he spared neither trouble nor expense in
obtaining an ample store of additional drawings by the first artists -,
all which, with the beautiful copper-plates already engraved, at
an expense of some thousand pounds, form part of his noble gift
to the University of Oxford ; who will doubtless have great plea-
sure in fulfilling the wishes of their generous benefactor, by pre-



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