Arthur Collins.

Collins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical online

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senting an improved edition of his '' Sepulchral Monurflents" to
the public.

The bright gem of intellect, even in his last days, had in-
tervals of its former splendour; and the frequent emanations of
benevolence displayed through a long and painful illness, whilst
they comforted and delighted those around him, added poignancy
to the regret which they experienced for his bitter sufferings ;
from which he was mercifully released, without an apparent
straggle at the last, on the 20th of February I8O9; and was
buried on the 28th, in the churchyard of Wormley, Herts, in a
vault built for that purpose, on the south side of the chancel, not
far from the altar which for several years he had devoutly fre-

The following epitaph, written by himself five or six years
before, and containing matter that m'ght fill a volume, he directed ,
to be inscribed in the church :

" Hunc prope parietem

Reliquias suas condi volnit


antiqua stirpe ortus:

Ex heroibus qui in bellis Gallicis et

civilibus claruere


ex mercatoribus Stapulas Calesije Indisque

orien talis divitias,

deduxit :

Patriae amorem, erga Reges fidem,

Lcgum Antiqviitatumque patriae peritiam,

ex atavis consanguineisquc derivatam,

constanter coluit ;

Hasce investigaudi cupiditatis innatas

testimonia habeto

Topographiam Britannicam^


Gulielmi Camdeni Britanniam renovatam ,

Monumenta Sepnlchralia MagncB Britajmice.

Abi, Lector, nee vanitatis insimules.

Obiit XX die mensis Februariij A. D.


cctat. LXXIV."

By his last will, Mr. Gough gave to the University of Oxford
all his printed books and manuscripts on Saxon and Northern
literature, " for the use of the Saxon Professor :" all his " manu-
scripts, printed books, and pamphlets, prints and drawings, maps,
and copper-plates, relating to British Topography ; with his in-
terleaved copies of the " British Topography," " Camden's Bri-
tannia," and the " Sepulchral Monuments of Great Britain," with
all the drawings relative to the latter work ; and all the copper-
plates of the " Monuments" and the "Topography," with four-
teen volumes of " Drawings of Sepulchral and other Monuments
in France." And all these he wills and desires may " be placed
in the Bodleian Library, in a building adjoining to the picture
gallery, known by the name of The Aritiquc.ries Closet, erected
for keeping manuscripts, printed books, and other articles re-
lating to British Topography ; so that altogether they may form
one uniform body of English Antiquities." "^

Sir Richard Gough, Knight, youngest brother of Sir Henry
Gough, of Perry-Hall, Knight, raised a considerable estate from
the small stock of a younger brother's fortune by the India and
China trade. He was remarkable for his great industry and ap-
plication to business, and e.xact justice in his dealings j he was
reckoned to be well skilled in the knowledge cf the British trade,
and commerce in general j and in that particular branch oi it to
the East Lidies equal to any in his time. He was brought up
under that eminent merchant Sir James Houblon ; and had even
while a child the assistance and advice of the great Sir Josiah
Child. He travellfd through most of the trading towns in the
Mediterranean and Levant seas, and drew bis observations from
men of business in all countries. He afterwards made four several
voyages to India and China with unparalleled success and repu-
tation, and thus wound up the series of his fortune. He is sup-
posed to have discovered and given his name to an island in the
southern part of the Atlantic and Indian ocean, whose existence,

c See Gent. Mag- rol. Ixxix-


together with that of Alvarey, east of the islands of Tristan
d' Acunha, is doubted, by the late navigators on the embassy to
China. Certain it is, that his name is preserved in other islands,
and a passage near the harbour of Chusan in China, of which we
have the following account in his nephew Harry's MS. journal,
1702, his second voyage, on board the Sarah Galley, Captain John
Roberts, in the service of the Hon, East India Company. " Sa-
turday, September 1st, at six in the morning we weighed, with a
fresh gale at N, E. steering for Gough's passage, which we went
through, and by ten were up with Biiffaloe's Nose, which island^
when it bears S. S. W, about a league, you have the Treetop
island, N. N. W. This island will serve well for iiiuling Gough's
passage J for, coming from the Quilan islands, and being up with
BufFaloe's Nose, you will see the island ; and coming nearer will
see the tree on the top, appearing like a single beacon, which
makes it remarkable and gives it name ; so, leaving it on the star-
board side about a mile, you come into the passage, which has on
the other side three or four islands, which are also called Gough's
islands, which being on your larboard side, keep under the land,
where is very deep water, and therefore the passage is not the best
if little wind." What became of Sir Richard's journals we have
not been able to discover. He was knighted by King George 1. 3
and in 1717? purchased the lordship of Edgebaston, with the ap-
purtenances of the Lord Viscount Faulconbridge and Lady Bridget
his wife, who was one of the daughters and coheiresses of John
Gage, Esq. and Mary, heiress of Robert Middlemore, Esq. and
came to the sole right of Edgebaston by a deed of partition with
her sister, who was afterwards married to Sir John Shelley, Bart,
and had for her share, among other lands, the manor of Solly-
hull com. Warwick, with its appurtenances, which was after-
wards purchased by Harry Gough, Esq. son of Sir Harry Gough,
Knight, and nephew to Sir Richard Gough, of Edgebaston. Sir
Richard rebuilt the house, which had been burnt by the mob in
the close of the reign of James H. fearing it might be made a
place of refuge and sanctuary for the papists, as it had been made
a garrison for the parliament's forces in the civil war, and it was
very near being again destroyed by the populace in the riots of
l/SO. About 1725, Sir Richard having obtained a royal contri-
bution of 600 L towards finishing the church at Birmingham, de-
termined to do something in favour of his own parish church at
Edgebaston ; and having before put it into very good repair, the
greater part at his own expense,, there rested little to do on that


account ; so he resolved to augment the living by obtainino- the
Queen's bounty, and accordingly gave his bond in due form for
the commissioners to secure the payment of 200/. so soon as they
should appropriate the like sum, according to the statute. In
consideration of which charity and benevolence to the church
the dean and chapter of Lichtield agreed by consent of the bishop
to grant the perpetual advowson of the curacy of Edgebaston to
Sir Richard Gough, and his heirs for ever. He is supposed to
have obtained 2G0/. for the rebuilding of St. Philip's church in
Birmingham, the vane being a boar's head. He served for
Bramber in two parliaments of George the First, and in the first
of George the Second. Sir Richard ditd February 3d, 1727-83
and his Lady died December 31st, 1/31.

Sir Richard is commemorated by the following epitaph:

Hanc justa columnam

Situs est Richardus Gough, miles,

Antiqui de stripe, in Agro Staftbrdiensi, ortusj

Eximiis et virtutis ac prudenliae laudibus

Chirus et insignis

Post decursa cequora repetitis vicibus

Ad Indias Orientales

Paterna bona, hand adeo magna,

Felicissime adauxit.

JEqn'iias, liber tas, et honest a omnia proposita

Propugnatorem iiluni

Invenere constanlissimum

Natus X'"° die Octob^ MDCLIX,

Mortuus IX"° die Febr'' MDCCXXVII,

Superstites habuit uxorem et quatuor liberos.

Filius Henricus Gough, Baronettus,

Parentis memorix' pie consulens

Hoc saxum ponendum curavit. *^

He married Anne, daughter and one of the coheirs of Nicholas
Crispe, of London, Esq. by whom he had issue three sons, and
four daughters.

First, Anne, married to John Bussiere, of St. James's, West-
minster, Esq. and died s. p.

Second, Mary, married to Edward Barker, of London, mer-
chant, who died 1 724 j she remarried Crompton.

c Shaw's Staffordshire, vol. ii. p. 190.


Third, Bridget, who died unmarried, 1720.

Fourth, Richard, who died also unmarried, 1710.

Fifth, Sir Henry, of whom hereafter.

Sixth, Charlotte, married to Sir Wiliiam Saunderson, of
Greenwich, in Kent, Bart, and died 1/80.

Seventh, John Gough, Esq comptroller of the excise in Scot-
land, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Cocks, and died
about \740), s. p.

Sir Henry, his eldest surviving son and successor, born March
9th, 1708, was created a Baronet, 1 Geo. II. April 26th, 1728,
with remainder, on default of issue male, to his brother John,

He was M. P. for Totness 1732, and afterwards for Bramber.
On his return, 1733, to his country seat near Birmingham, he
was met in that neighbourhood by above five hundred gentlemen
on horseback, who expressed their grateful acknowledgements for
his services in parliament by his firm attachment to the liberties
of his countr}', and to the interest and prosperity of the fair

The following inscription to his memory in the church of
Edgebaston, on a tablet of white marble, under an urn, on the
side of which are the armsj was erected by his eldest son.

Sir Henry Gough, Bart.

Son of Sir Richard Gough, Kt.

Died June 8th, 1774, aged 67 years.

On account of the delicacy of his constitution.

After having served in two parliaments,

he'quitted the busier scenes of life.

For the repose of domestic retirement.

And resided chiefly at his seat in this parish.

Universally possessing the respect and esteem

So justly due to the affectionate husband.

The tender father, and the honest man.

Barbara, wife of Sir Henry Gough,
And only daughter of Reynolds Calthorpe, Esq.

Of Elvetham in the county of Hants,

After fulfilling in the most exemplary manner.

The duties of wife, mother, and Christian,

exchanged this life for a better,

April 13, 1782, aged 66 years.


In memory of both his much revered parents.

Their eldest son Sir Henry Gough Calthorpe, Bart.

Caused this monument to be erected. *^

He married, first, Catherine, second daughter of Sir John
Harpur, of Caike in Derbyshire, Bart, (by Catherine, his wife,
fourth daughter and coheir of Thomas, Lord Crewe, of Stcne in
Northamplonshire,) by whom he had no issue 3 she died at Edo -
baston, June 22d, 1/40.

Sir Henry married to his second Lady, July 2d, 1/41, Barbara,
only daughter of Reynolds Cahhorp, of Elvciham in the county of
Southampton, Esq. by Barbara, his wife, eldest daughter (and the
only one who married) of Henry, Lord Viscount Longueville, (by
Barbara, his wife, second daughter, and one of the coheirs of Sir
John Talbot, of Laycock, in the county of Wilts, Knt. which
I>ady was as remarkable for her piety and good sense, as she was
for her great age 5 and died in January, 1/63, in the ninety-fifth
year of her age, and fil>y-ninth of her widowhood, leaving an
example to posterity of the happy effects of a well-spent life, as
she perfectly retained all her senses to the last, and felt no paia
or infirmity.)

By this Lady Sir Henry had issue.

First, Henry, first Lord Calthorpe.

Second, Richard Thomas, born February 13th, 1752, of Tri-
nity college Oxford, A.M. November 27 th, 1777. rector of the
united rectories of Blakeney cum Capella de Gianford, and Lang-
hara-Parvacum Cokethorp, Norfolk, 1/81 j rector of Ampton,
Suffolk, ]7i)6.

Third, John Calthorpe, barrister at law, born April lSth«
1754, commis-.i( ner of bankrupts, 1783, &c.

Fourth, Barbara, born March 21st, 1/45-6, married, January
9th, 1770, Isaac Spooner, of Elmdon com. Warw.

Fifth, Elizabeth, born January 3 1st, 175].

Sixth, Charlotte, born December pth, 1747. married, in July,
I76d, Sir John Palmer, of Carlton com. Northampt.Bart. and
died August 1763.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

Sir Henry Gough, second Barnnet and first Peer, who in
1783, on the death of his uncle. Sir Henry Cahhorpe, K. B took
tlie name of Calthorpe, and succeeded to his estates at Elvc-

d Shaw's Hist, of iitafibrdshire, vol. ii. p. 190,191.


thatu in Hampshire, &c. He sat in parliament for Bramber in
Sussex, 1774, 178O, 1784, 1790, and was advanced to the peerage,
June 15th, 1 796, by the title of Lord Calthorpe, of Calthorpe
in Suffolk.

His Lordship died March l6th, 1798, set. fifty, and was buried
at Edgebaston, where on a monument of white marble, with the
figure of a female, reclining her left elbow on an um, extending
ber right to a scroll, is the following inscription :

Sacred to the memory of the

Right Honourable Lord Calthorpe, Baron of Calthorpe,

in the county of Norfolk ;

who was the eldest son of Sir Henry Gough, Bart.

of this place. He married Frances,

second daughter ^ of General Carpenter,

by whom he had seven sons and four daughters ;

was created a peer of Great Britain

on the 15th of June 1796;

and resigned his life to his Almighty Creator

on the 16th of March, 179s,

in the fiftieth year of his age.

His widow, who had the happiness of living

with him under the strongest bonds of affection,

has caused this monument to be erected

in testimony of her everlasting regard and gratitude

to a most affectionate husband and kind friend."

His Lordship had issue by his said wife.

First, Henry, born January 24th, J 784 ; died November -4 lii,

Second, Frances-Elizabeth, born March 25th, 1785.

Third, Charles, born 17S6, the second lord.

Fourth, George, the present peer.

Fifth, Charlotte, born June 18th, 1788j died May l6th,


Sixth, Frederick, born June 14th, 179O,
Seventh, William-Other, born August 27th, 1791.
Eighth, John, born May 5th, I793.
Ninth, Harriet, born November 8th, 1794.
Tenth, Arthur, bom November 14th, 1796.

e Theotherdaughterof General Carpenter married Col. Rarnsden.


Eleventh, Maria-Lucy, born March ISdi, I/QS ; died January
.17 th, 1799.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

Charles, second Lord Calthorpe, who dying unmarried
of a consumption at Flushing in Cornwall, June 5th, I8O7, was
succeeded by his next brother

George, third and present Lord Calthorte, born June
21st, 1767.

Tilles. Sir George Calthorpe, Bart, Lord Calthorpe, of Cal-
thorpe in Suffolk.

Creations. Lord Calthorpe, of Calthorpe, by patent, June-
15th, 179G.

Arms. Cheeky, or and azure, on a fesse, ermine, for Cal-
thorpe ; quartering, gules, on a fesse, argent, between three boars
heads couped, or, a lion passant, azure.

^'"^^^- I See the wood-cut.

Supporters. 3

Motto. Gradu diverso via una.

Chief Seats. Ampton, Suffolk^ Elvctham, Hampshire j

Edgebaston, Warwickshire.



The name of this family is differently spelt by different writers
Holland, in a visitation, IS/Q, calls the same person Burrill and
Berill. In other visitations the name is written Berrill, Beril,
Boral, Borel, Biirel, and BurTell; so that it is difficult to ascertain,
V'ith any precision or exactness, which is the right way of spell-
ing it.

This family was originally settled in Northumberland ; but
Randulphus Burrell, (son and heir of Radulphus) having
married Sermonda, dausrhter and coheir of Sir Walter Woodland,
of Devon, 19 Edw. IL became in her right possessed of a great
estate, and settled in that county. He left

John Burell, his son and heir, M'ho was succeeded by

John Burrell, his son and heir, father of

Walter Burrell, who had issue another

Walter Burrell, who was father of

John Burrell de Woodland, all of whom enjoyed the estate in

This John Burrell, last named, appears to have had great
possessions, and contributed to the wars with France, anno 1414,
as his aid to the King, a ship, twenty men at arms, and forty
archers. He left several sons.

Walter, the eldest, succeeded him in his estates ; and

Gerardus, the youngest, being bred to the church, settled at
Cuckjield in Sussex, 1440, being vicar of that church, as also
archdeacon and residentiary of Chichester. He died, April 17tii,
1508, leaving his estate to his nephew.


Ralph Burrell, who settled at Cuckfield. His daughter, Isa-
bella, married William Chaloner, of Sussex, Esq. At his death,
be was succeeded by his sou

Thomas, who married Dorothy, daughter of Weston,

of Ightham in Kent, by whom he had

NfNiAN Burrell, of Cucktield, Esq. who married Jane, daughter
of Henry Smith, of Pepperharrow in Surrey, (by Jane, sister of
Sir Walter Covert, of Slaugham in Sussex, Knt.) and died Sep-
tember 4th, 1614, agf-d seventy four, leaving his widow, Jane,
(who afterwards married Peter Courthope, of Danny, in Hurst
Pierpoint in Sussex, Esq.) He also left five sons.

First, Waller, ancestor to Lord Gwydir; second, NiniaOj
third, Alexander ; fourth, Thomas ; fifth, John.

And six daughters ; first, Timothies, married to Francis Wyat,
Esq. } second, Jane, married to Sir xVnihony Colepeper, of Bedge-
bury in Kent, Knight ; third, Anne, married to Henry Courthope,
of Cranbrooke in Kent, Esq.; fourth, Judith, died unmarried j
filth, Dorothy, married to Thomas Hooper, of Stockbury in Kent,
E^q. ; sixth, Elizabeth, married to George Salter, of London,

Ninian, the second sun ; Alexander, the third son ; and Tho-
mas, the fourth son, died unmarried.

John, the fifth son, married Bridget, daughter of Thomas
Short, of Tenierden in Kent, Gent, by whom he had five sons
and two daughters, of whom only Mary survived, and married
William Board, of Board-Hill in Sussex, Esq.

Waltek, eldest son of Ninian, by Jane Small, married Frances,
daughter of John Hooprr, of Stockbury in Kent, Esq. by whom
he had 7nne sons ;

And three daughters, two of whom died unmarried; and
Frances, married Richard Hridger, Esq. of Combe, in Sussex.

Of the sons, Walter, John, Richard, and Ralph, died unmar-

Ninian Burrell, second son, of Holmsted, in the parish of
Cuckfield, married Anne, daughter of Sir William Coiepeper, of
Wakehurst in Sussex, Bart, by whom he had four sons and three
daughters; Walter, Ninian, Thomas, William ; Anne, Jane, and

Mary. Ninian, married Elizabeth, daughter of and died

without issue ; Jane, married Prter, second son of Peter Short,
ofTenterden in Kent. The other sons and daughters died un-



Thomas, third son of Waltir-r, settled at Lindfield in Sussex,
and married Joan, daughter and coheir of Thonns Nevvnham, of
1/iridfield, Esq. by whom he had six sons and five daughters ;
Walter, Waller, Thomas^ Timorhvj James, John ; S.-rah, Frances,
Jane, Philadelphia, M :ry. The first Walter died an infant ; the
second Walter married Audrry, daughter of Frances Wyat, ot
Hoisted Keynrs in Sussex, E-^q. by whom be had Walter Bur-
rell, ot in Sn^isex, Esq v ho married Anne, daughter
of Timothy Burred, of Linciticid, and died without issue. Tho-
mas, third son ot"J homas Burreli, died without issue. Timothy,
fcurlh son of Thomas Burrell, married Mary, daughter of the
Rev. Samuel Padre, rector of Whiston in Sussex, by whom he
had, first, the Rev. Timothy Burrell, of Lindfield, who married
Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Ezfkiel Bristcd, rector of New-
haven, Sussex, by whom he has no issue ; .<;econd, Waller Burrell,
who died an infant ; Anne, married to "Walter Burrell, of Wick-
ham ; and Mary, married to Ferdinando Askew, Esq. of Lidiard
Mihcent in Wdls, by whom she had one daughter, Mary.

TuBOthy Burrell, scventli son of Walter Burrell, and Frances
Hooper, married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Hn-y Goring,
of Highdean in Sussex, Bart, by whom he had no issue ; secondly,
Mary, daughter of Sir Job Charlton, of L'^dfoid in Herefordshire,
Bart, who died without issue j thirdly, Elizabeth, daughter of

Cliilcot, Esq. by whom he had one daughter, Elizabeth,

mairied to Thomas Trevor, Esq. afterwards Lord Trevor, who
had one daughter, Elizabeth, ma^Tied to Charles Spencer, Duke
of Marlborough.

Alexander, the eighth son of Waller Burrell and Frances
Hooper, married Eliz;ibeth, daughter and coheir of John Knight,
of Doddingten in the Isle of Ely, Esq. by whom he had Francis,

died unmarried ; and Geoige Burrrll, married , daughter

of , by whom he had Peter, who died un.marriedj and

two daughters. Alexander, married, secondly, a daughter of
Parker, of Cambridge, by whom he had the Rev, Alex-
ander Burrell, recte.r ot Piittenham, Her:fcrdshn'e, who married

Elizah'-th, daughter of Valavine, b)' whom he had Peter,

Alexander, Elizabch, ''en- lope, and Anre.

Peter Burrell ruirrieri Anne, daughter of Thomas Franklin,
of Chalionl in Bucks, bv wh mi lu hw^ three .-ons and two daush-
ters. -Alexander, Penelope, and Amc, dud\oung. Elizabeth^
married W^iliiam Ploweil, of Badvvell Ash in Suffolk, M. D,


Peter Burrell, ninth son of Walter Burrell and Frances
Hooper, settled at Beckenham in Kent, i684, find married Isabella,
second daughter of John Merrick, of Slubbers in North OckenJen,
Essex, Esq. by whom he left two sons.

First, Peter,

Second, Merrick, of West Grinsted park in Sussex, governor
of the Bank of England, represented first Marlow, and afterwards
Grampound, in several parliaments, and was created a Baronet,
July 12th, 17(5(5, with remainder, on default of male issue, to his
nephew, Peter Burrell, of Becklnghara, and his male issue. He
died in April I7S7, and was succeeded in the Baronetage by his
great nephew. Sir Peter, now Lord Gwydir.

And three daughters; first, Frances, married to Richard
Wyatt, Esq. ofEgham in Surrey; second, Isabella, married to
Thomas Dalyson, of Manton in Lincolnshire; third, Anne, mar-
ried to Richard Ackland, Esq. brother to Sir Hugh Acklaud, of
Devonshire, Bart.

Pkter Burrell, eldest son of Peter, was sub-governor of the
South Sea Company, and represented Haslemere in several par-
liamentSj and died in I756, M. P. for Dover. He married Amy,
eldest daughter of Hugh Raymond, Esq. of Siling-Hall in Essex,
and Langley in Kent, wiio survived him for many years, and by
whom he had four sons, of whom Raymond, the s* cond, and John^,
the fourth, died young; as did Labella^ the youngest daughter.
The other married Tobias Frere, Esq. The sons were,

First, Peter, of whom presently.

Second, Sir William Burrell, f^L. D. and Bart, who died
January 20th, I706, at his house at Depeden com. Surrey. He
was chancellor to the Bishop of Worcester, 1/64; F. R. and
A. SS. 1754; and commissioner of excise 1774. He was ad-
mitted of St. John's college, Cambridge, where he studied the
civil law, and proceeded LL, B. 175.^, and LL. D. 176O. , He
married, April 13, J773, Sophia,^ daughter of Charles Raymond,
Esq. of Valentine-house, Es^ex, who was created a Baronet May
3d, 1774, with remainder, in default of male issue, to William
Eurrel, Esq. of Beckenham, and his heirs male by Sophia his wife,
by whom he has left two sons and two daughters. Ker fortune
was stated, in Gent. Mag. vol. xliii p. 202, at 100,000/. Sir Wil-
liam represented Haslemere, 1773. In the course of five years he
made the most ample coLLECTioNs/or a History of the county of

a She published a vohmie of poems ; and married a second time.


Sussex, arranged in complete order by rapes nnd parishes^ twelve
folio vols, besides another of drawings of churches, htuses, ice. &c.
by Lambert and Gri.nni, three volumes of monumental inscrip-
tions, and four volumes ot surveys and records, &c. This work
he spared no pains to bring to perfection, though he declined
giving it to the public himself (yet no man was so well qualified
for the undertaking as himself), but intended to bequeath it to
the British Museum. He was seized with a paralytic stroke iu
August 17^7} which took away his speech for a time; but,
though he recovered that, he totally lost the use of his left arm,
and in 1791 > resigned his seat at the board of Excise in favour of
Robert Nicholas, Esq. reserving, however, to him^-elf a share of
the appointment. He purchased a retreat at Depeden, the air of
which particuhtrly agreed with his constitution, which was, how-
ever, too much affected to hope for perfect recovery, though he
seemed to have recovered enough to appear among his friends.
He was father of the present Sir Charles Merrick Eurrcll, Bart.
&c. M. P. for Lewes, i;9t5.

PfiTER Burreil, Es-q. of Eeckenhara in Kent, his elder brother,

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