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died April 28th, and was buried at Sherborne, May 3d, l638,
aged forty-two, he had issue one son, William, baptized January
10th, 1623, who died April 1 1th, i628, and was buried at Sher-
borne the next day ; and three daughters^ first, Lucy, baptized at



Sherborne, June 2d, l621j and buried there April 2d, l623 ; se-
cond, Lucy, baptized at Sherborne, April pth, 1024, and married
there November 26th, 1638, to Thomas Pope, Earl of Downe;
and, third, Elizabeth, married to George Colt, of Colt Hall, in
Suffolk, Esq.

His second wife was Anne, fourth daughter of John King,
D. D, Lord Bishop of London, by whom he had no issue ; and
she, surviving him, was afterwards married to Sir Richard-Grub-
ham How, of Compton, in Gloucestershire, Bart,

The inscription upon his monument, in the chancel of the
church of Sherborne, is as follows :

John Button, of Sherborne, in Gloucestershire,
Esq. son of William Button, and Anne, the
daughter of Ambrose Nicholas, Knight, a person
of a sharp understanding, and clear judgment,
every way capable of those eminent services he
underwent, as knight of the shire in several par-
liaments, and as deputy lieutenant j one, who
was master of a large fortune, and owner of a
mind equal to it : noted for his hospitality far
and near, and his charitable relief of the poor j
which makes his memory honoured by the best,
as his loss lamented by the last. He died, &c.

That he was a zealous asserter of the liberty of the subject,
withstanding all royal encroachments upon the same, appears in
the great opposition he made to that arbitrary business of the
loan-money, for refusing which he was committed to Gloucester
prison, and whilst there elected knight of the shire. How steady
and equal he carried himself afterwards (avoiding those furious
courses so natural to injured people, and which too many at that
time unhappily pursued) we learn from the Oxford historian,
who, in his Athence Oxonienses, gives the following character of
him : '

" John Button, of Sherbourne, in Gloucestershire, Esq. — He
was one of the knights for that county, to sit in the said parlia-
ment, 1040 ; but being frighted thence by the tumults that came
up to the parliament doors, as other royalists were, he conveyed
himself privately to Oxford, and sate there. He was a learned

i Wood's Athen. Oxon. vol. ii. p. 2j, edit. 1721.


and a prudent man, and as one of the richest, so one of the
meekest, men in England. He was active in making the defence,
and drawing up the articles of Oxon, when the garrison was to be
surrendered to the parliament. For which, and his steady loyalty,
he was afterwards forced to pay a round sura in Goldsmith's-hall
at London."''

We now return to the seventh and youngest son of William
by Anne Nicholas, which was,

Sir Ralph Button, Knight, which honour he received at
Woodstock, in August l624. In the reign of King Charles the
First he was gentleman of the privy-chamber in extraordinary,
and high sheriff of Gloucestershire in l630; and being zealously
attached to the interest of his sovereign in the great rebellion, his
estate was sequestered, for which a composition of 952/. IJs. Id.
was paid, and he forced to fly beyond sea j but, being beat back

k It appears, by the list of those that compounded for their estates, that
this John Button, Esq paid 5216/. 4^. for his ; it likewise appears, by Wood's
Athenae Oxon. how loyal he was in the beginning of the troubles; and yet
we find in the following extract of his will, dated January 14th, 165^, these
particulars; '« I humbly request and desire, that his Highness, the Lord Pro-
tector, will be pleased to take upon him the guardianship and disposing of
my nephew, William Button, and of that estate I by deed of settlement hath
left him ; and that his Highness would be pleased, in order to my former de-
sires, and according to the discourse that hath passed betwixt us, thereupon,
that when he shall come to ripenessof age, a marriage may be had and solem-
nized betwixt my said nephew, William Button, and the Lady Frances
Cromwell, his Highness's youngest daughter, which 1 much desire, and (if it
take effectj shall account it as a blessing from God." He gives, by the said
will, 500/. to the poor of Northleach, in com. Gloucest. with legacies to the
poor of Sherborne, and other places ; and gives several legacies to his ser-
vants ; and gives his estate to his nephew, William Button, and the heirs
males of his body, and for default of such issue, to his nephew, Ralph Button,
and the heirs male of his body, and for default of such issue, to his own
right heirs forever. Gives 80c/. to his nephew Ralph, to buy an annuity of
100/ per ann. and gives 500/ to his wife, with all the plate and household
goods she brought when he married her, and bequeaths her all his coaches
and coach. horseS) and two saddle nags. Orders his body to be interred in a
comely decent manner in the vault Avhich he lately built, and caused to be
made in the isle of Sherborne church, where he usually sat, without pomp or
needless expence ; and orders the sum of 1 50 /. out of his personal estate, to
be bestowed in the making of a monument within the said isle, for himself
and his two wives; and appoints Sir William Brownlow, of High Holborn,
in Middlesex, Bart. Sir William Chadwell, of Lincoln's-Inn, in Middlesex,
and Gabriel Becke, of Lincoin's-Inn, Esq. his executors; and gives unto
them 1200 ounces of plate. This will and codicil was proved at London,
June 30th, 1657, before the judges for probate of wills, and sigued Simoa
^llcston, register. Seefor it i{»/^«^2, p. 249. *!


by contrary winds in his passage from Leith to France, he was
cast away on Brunt Island, and there died in the year l646.

He married Mary, daughter of Sir William Duncombe, of
London, Knight, and had by her two sons, William and Ralph,
ancestor to the present peer.

William, the eldest son, succeeded to the estate at Sherborne,
as heir to his uncle, John ; was high sheriff of the county of Glou-
cester in 1667, died March 24th, 1674-5, and was buried at Sher-
borne, on the fifth of the succeeding month. He married Mary,
daughter of Sir John Scudamore, of Dromore, Lord Viscount
Scudamore, and relict of Thomas Russell, Esq. eldest son of Sir
William Russell, of Streynsham, in Worcestershire, Bart, but had
issue only a son, John, baptized August 24th, and buried at
Sherborne, November 8th, l604: whereby the family estates
devolved upon his brother Ralph, youngest son of Sir Ralph
Dutton, just mentioned.

Which Sir Ralph was some time knight of the shire for the
county of Gloucester, and was created a Baronet of Great Britain,
to him and the heirs male of his body, by patent, bearing date
June 22d, 1678. He first married Grisell, daughter of Sir Ed-
ward Poole, of Kemble, in Wilts, Knight, and by her, who was
buried at Sherborne, February 25th, 1677, had two daughters,
Elizabeth, baptized at Sherborne October 14th, 1675, who be-
came wife to William Green, of London, Esq, ; and Grisell, bap-
tized February 18th, 1677-8, and buried at Sherborne September
11th, 168I.

His second wife was Mary, only daughter of Dr, Peter Bar-
wick, physician in ordinary to King Charles the Second, by whom
he had four sons and three daughters.

First, Sir John Dutton, of Sherborne, second Baronet, some
time knight of the shire for the county of Gloucester, who died
February 1st, 1742-3, aged sixty-one, and was buried at Sher-
borne the fourth of the same month, having had two wives, first,
Mary, sole daughter and heir of Sir Rusbout CuUen, of Upton,
in Warwickshire, Bart, but she died without issue, and was buried
at Sherborne, on May 23d, 1719; and by his second wife, Mary,
daughter of Sir Francis Keck, of Great Tew, in Oxfordshire,
Bart, they had only a daughter, Mary, of whom her mother died
in child-bed ; and they were both buried at Sherborne, on June
15th, 1729.

Sir John having survived all his brothers, and dying without
issue, the baronetage became extinct at his death.


Second, William, buried at Sherborne, March 22d, 1683.

Third, Clement, died an infant, l6S7, and buried at Sher-

Fourth, Ralph, died unmarried, December 13th, and buried
the l6th of the same month, iyiG, at Sherborne.

The daughters of Sir Ralph Button, Bart, were.

First, Mary, married at Sherborne, October 29th, 1719, to Sir
Thomas Read, of Shipton, in Oxfordshire, Bart.

Second, Anne, grandviother to the present Lord Sherborne.

Third, Jemima, who died unmarried, ' and was buried at Sher-
borne, February 10th, 1762.

Anne, the second daughter of Sir Ralph Dutton, Bart, by
his second wife, married James Naper, of Loughcrewr, in the
county of Meath, in the kingdom of Ireland, Esq. ; he died in
1716, aged fifty-six; she, in 1718, aged forty-eight j and were
buried at Loughcrew : they had issue, two sons and two daughters, ,

First, James Lenox Naper.

Second, William Naper, of Druce Town, in the county of
Meath, Esq. who died unmarried.

Anne, married to Pollard, of Castle Pollard, in the

county of West Meath, Esq. ; and Mary.

James Lenox Naper, of Loughcrew, Esq. the eldest son and
heir, was by the will of his uncle. Sir John Dutton, Bart, pos-
sessed of the manor of Sherborne, in Gloucestershire, whereupon
he assumed the surname and arms of Button. He was buried at
Sherborne, September 14th, 177^. aged sixty-three, having been

twice married, first to daughter of General Ingoldsby ;

secondly, to Jane, daughter of Christopher Bond, of Newland, in
Gloucestershire, Esq.

Ey the former he had issue only a son, John Lenox Naper,
who assumed the name and arms of Button, but died unmarried,
and was buried at Sherborne, September 7th, 1771-

By his second wife he had four sons and six daughters ; the
sons were,

First, James, now Lord Sherborne.

Second, William, baptized at Sherborne, June 3d, 17-19^ who
used the name and arms of ]\aper, and died November 28th,
1791, having married Miss Travell, by whom he left an infant

•She died the 6th.


Third, Thomas, baptized 21st, and was buried at Sherborne,
October 23d, 1/51.

Fourth, Ralph Button, of Gressen Hall, in Norfolk, Esq. bap-
tized at Sherborne, November 10th, 1755, and died February 25,
1804, having married Miss Honor Gubbins, who died without
issue in January IS07.

The daughters were, Jane and Jemima, who died infants 5
Anne, married at Sherborne, January 15th, 176O, to Samuel
Blackwell, of Ampney Park, in Gloucestershire^, Esq.} Mary,
baptized at Sherborne, June 24th^ 1750, and married there May
25th, 1769, to Thomas Master, of Cirencester, in Gloucester-
shire, Esq. ; Frances, baptized at Sherborne, October 28th, 1752,
and married there, September gth, 1771? to Charles Lambert, of
Beau Park, in the county of Meath, in Ireland, Esq. ; and Jane,
married at Sherborne, October 5tb, 1775, to Thomas William
Coke, of lyongford, in the county of Derby, and of Holkham, in
the county of Norfolk^ Esq. and died January 28th, 1 800, leaving
two daughters.

James Dutton, now Lord Sherbokne, the eldest son and
heir, was baptized at Sherborne, October 27th, 1744, represented
the county of Gloucester in 178O, and was by patent, dated May
20th, 1784, created Lord Sherborne, Baron of Sherborne, in
the county of Gloucester , and to the heirs male of his body lawfully

His Lordship was married at Longford, in the county of
Derby, on July 7th, 1774, to Elizabeth, daughter of Wenman
Roberts Coke, of Longford, aforesaid, Esq. by whom he hath
issue one son and three daughters, viz.

First, John, born in February 1779> married, August 11th,
1803, the Honourable Mary Legge, only child of Henry, present
Lord Stawel.

Second, Elizabeth Jane, born May 28th, 1775, married, Ja-
nuary 14th, 1803, Thomas, Viscount Andover, son and heir ap-
parent of Charles Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire.

Third, Anne Margaret, born in November 177G> married,
April 26th, IS06, Prince Bariatinsky, of the Russian Empire,
and died at St. Petersburgh in March I8O7, leaving a son.
Fourth, Frances Mary, born in December 1777«

Titles. James Dutton, Lord Sherborne, Baron Sherborne, of
Sherborne, in Gloucestershire.


Creation. Lord Sherborne, Baron of Sherborne, in the county
of Gloucester, May 20tb, 1784, 24 Geo. III.

Jrms. Quarterly, Argent and Gules, in each piece of the
second a fret. Or, a crescent for difference.

Crest. On a wreath, a plume of Ostrich feathers, Argent, W^

Azure, Or, Vert and Gules, allernately.

Motto. Servabo fidem.

Chief Seats. At Sherborne, in Gloucestershire.




George Gordon, (commonly called Marquis of Huntley^
Earl of Norwich,) eldest son and heir apparent of Alexander,
Duke of Gordon, was born February 2d, 1/70. In 1806, he was
elected M. P. for Eye in Suffolk j and on April lltb, I8O7, was
called up to the House of Peers, by writ of summons, as Baron
Gordon of Huntley ; and placed in his father's English Barony,
of the date of July 12th, 1784.

His Lordship having entered into the army, raised the 92d re-
giment at the beginning of the late war ; and has since risen to
the rank of major-general, and been appointed colonel of the 4 2d
regiment of foot. He served in the expedition to Holland in ^799?
and again in that to VValcheren in 180y.

His Lordship is unmarried.

Titles. George Gordon, Baron Gordon, of Huntley.

Creation. Baron Gordon, of Huntley, by letters patent July
\2th, 17345 and writ of summons April 11th, I8O7,

For Arms, Crest, Supporters, see the article of Earl of Nok-
-wicH, (Duke of Gordon) vol. v.




Henry James Montagu Scott, Bakon Montagu, of Boi/gh-
ton, in Northamptonshire, succeeded to this barony. May 28th,
1790, on the death of his grandfather, George, last Duke of Mon-
tagu, * agreeable to the limitation of the patent granted in 1786.
He then took the additional name of Montagu.

His Lordship is the second son of Henry, Duke of Buccleuch,
Knight of the Garter. (See title Earl of Doncaster, vol. iii.)

His Lordship was born December l6th, 17/(5, and married,
November 22d, 1804, Margaret, daughter of Archibald, Lord
Douglas^ of Douglas (by Lady Lucy Graham).

Title. Henry James Montagu Scott, Baron Montagu, of

Creation. Baron Montagu, of Boughton, by patent August
8th, 1786.

^rms. Same as Earl of Doncaster (Du\c of BuccleughJ,
quartering Montagu. See vol. iii.

Crest. Same as Doncaster.

Supporters. Same as Doncaster.

Motto. Amo. Same as Doncaster.

Chief Seat. Boughton House, Northamptonshire.

* See title Ear I, op Cardigan, vol. Hi.





The following account of this family is principally in the words
of Craufurd.

The Barony of Drumlanrig, in Drumfrizeshire, did anciently
belong to the Earls of Marr. Thomas, Earl of Marr, gave these
lands to William, Lord of Douglas, whose sister, the Lady Mar-
garet, he had married, which King David H. did, by his royal
charter, confirm ' Willielmo Domino de Douglas, Omnes Terras
Baroniae de Drumlanrig, cum Pertinen. Tenend. et Habend,
cidem Willielmo Domino de Douglas, et haeredibus suis, libere et
quiete, pleuarie, integre et honorifice, cum omnibus libertatibus,
commoditatibus, Assiamentis, et justis pertinentiis suis, sicut
charta dilecti consanguinei nostri Thomae Comitis Marriae, eidem
Willielmo Domino de Douglas, et Margaretoe Sponsae suae, con-
sanguineae nostrse, inde confecta plenius proportat et testatur.'

To this William, Lord, thereafter Earl of Douglas, who
died 1384, succeeded James, second Earl of Douglas, his son, who
by his charter gave the Barony of Drumlanrig to William Douglas
his son J of which, for the fixhig the origin of this illustrious
branch of the house of Douglas, I shall present the reader with
an exact copy, as I transcribed it from the original.

" Omnibus banc chartam visuris vel audituris, Jacobus Comes
de Douglass, Dominus vallis de Lydale, ac baroniae de Drum-
lanrig, salutem in Domino sempiternam. Noveritis nos dedisse,
concessisse, et hac charta nostra confirmasse Willielmo de Douglas,
tilio nostro, pro homagio et servitio suo, omnes terras nostras


totlus baronias de Drumlanrig, infra vicecom. de Dumfrise,
tenend. et habend. oranes dictas terras praefatae baroniae, cum per-
tinen. eidem Willielmo et haeredibus suis, de corpore suo legitime
procreandis ; quibus deficientibus, Archibaldo de Douglas filio
nostrc, et h^redibus suis, de corpore suo legitime procreandis, in
feudo et baereditate in perpetuum reservata, nobis et haeredibuj
nostris, regalitas ejusdem faciendo inde nobis et haeredibus nostris,
servitium unius militis in exercitu nostro, nomine Albae firmae.
In cujus rei testimonium present! chartae sigillum nostrum fecimus
apponi, his testibus. Domino Archibaldo de Douglas, Domino
Galuidiae, Jacobo de Douglas, Domino de Dalkeith, Jacobo de
Lindsay, Domino de Crawfurd, Willielmo de Lindsay, Roberto
Colevyle, Willielmo de Borthewick, consanguineis nostris mili-
libus, Adamo Forrester, Adamo de Hoppringle, AUano de Lau-
dere, et multis aliis."

This James Earl of Douglas lost his life in the battle of Otter-
burne, 1388.

This Sir William Douglas, the Jirst Baron of Drumlanrig, ^
being a brave gentleman, '^ signalized himself in the wars against
the English in his timej in 1411, together with Gavin Dunbar,
son to the Earl of March, he burnt and plundered the town of
Roxburgh, '^ then in the possession of the English, which was per-
formed with great resolution and courage. The war at length
ending in a truce in 1412,*^ Sir William Douglas and the Lord
Clifford were the chief challengers at a solemn tournament
held by the Earl of Westmorland at Carlisle, but my author *
is not particular as to the event. The same year he had the
honour to be sent by the governor of Scotland, the Duke of
Albany, ambassador to the court of England, to solicit the re-
lease of King James I, who was then kept a prisoner in that
realm, ^ when he obtained from his captive sovereign a charter,
all written fair out in the King's own hand, on vellum, s the
very finest I ever saw, in these words :

a It may be here observed, that this noble family has always carried the
arms of Marr quartered with their own, which denotes their descent from
Margaret, heiress and Countess of Marr.

b He was twice in England, in 1397, and 1405, for which he had safe
conducts from Rich. II. and Hen. IV. Rymer, vol. viii. p- 2s»42i>429.
* Extracta e Chron. Scotiae- ^ Rymer's Fcedera Angli*.

« Sir William Dugdale, in his Baronage of England,
f Rymer's Feedera.
£ Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry.


" Jarals, throw the Grace of God, Kyinge of Scottls, til all
that this Lettre heris or seis, sendis Gretynge j wit ze, that we
haue grantit, and be this present Lettre grantis a special confir-
mation in the mast Forme, til our Trust and Wele belofit Cosyng,
Sir William of Douglas of Drumlanrig, of all the Lands that he is
posest and charterit of within the Kyngdome of Scotland, that is
to say, the Landis of Drumlanrig, of Hauyke, and of Selkirk :
the which Charter and Posessions be this Lettre we confirm. In
Witnes of the Whilk, this present Lettres we wrate with our
proper Hand, and the Signet ussit in selying of our Lettres, as
now at Croydon, the last day of Novembre, the Yeir of our
Lord 1412."

In I4l6, Sir William Douglas, of Drumlanrig, was joined in
commission with the Earls of Athole, Fife, Buchan, Marr, Douglas,
and Crawfurd, George Dunbar, son and heir to the Earl of
March, the Bishop of Glasgow, and Sir William Graham, to
treat with the English about the relieving of King James, s but
for some reasons of state, that grand affair could not be brought
to a close, though it is not to be doubted but those great men,
who had the honour to be employed in the treaty, did all they
could to have it concluded. Thereafter in 1420, when the English
carried over King James into France, ^ to try if his presence could
draw the Scots, who were in the French service, over to that of
the English, Sir William Douglas, of Drumlanrig, went over to
wait on his master; in order to which he had a safe conduct
granted him from the King of England, but with this remarkable
proviso, that he should do nothing prejudicial to him, or to his
dearest father the King of France ; but the Scots did well then
distinguish the deference which they owed to their King when
captivated, and when independent and free ; for though they sent
persons to guard his sacred person, yet they adhered firmly to that
interest which he seemed outwardly to oppose, though I have no
reason to believe but that Sir William Douglas kept his promise
to the King of England, and did not engage against the English
interest at that time, yet he afterward lost his life in the service
of France, at the battle of Agincourt, in 142/, ' leaving issue by
Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Sir Robert Stewart, of Durisdeer
and Rosyth,

g Rymer's Foedera Anglia;.
h Abercromby'sLifeof King James I-
1 Mr. David Simpson's Account of the House of Drumlanrig, M. S,
penes mc.


William Dovglxs, second Lord of Drumlanrig, his son and
heir, ^ who was one of the hostages sent to England, for the re-
demption of King James I. in 1427, i'^ exchange of another Baron
of the same rank and fortune with himself, which was expressly
provided in the treaty of redemption, but when he was relieved
again, it has not occurred to me.

This Sir William being, like his father, a warlike man, sig-
nalized himself in most of the actions between the Scots and
English, particularly at the battle of Sark, anno 1448, where the
Scots obtained a most glorious victory, under the command of
Hugh Earl of Ormond, brother to the Earl of Douglas, where Sir
William did to a very eminent degree manifest his valour and
conduct J and departing this life in the year 1458, ' left issue by
Janet his wife, daughter of Sir Herbert Maxwell, Lord of Carr
laverock, "'

William, his son and heir, third Lord of Driivilanrig, who,
though he did not long outlive his father, yet he gave many
signal proofs of his valour in several actions, particularly at the
siege of Roxburgh, where King James IL lost his lifej and in that
other bold attempt at Alnwick, anno 1463, where the French
garrison was relieved by the Earl of Angus, in the face of a nu-
merous English army, '^ which was double the number of the
troops the Earl had under his command ; and departing this life
in 1464, ° left issue by Margaret his wife, daughter of William
Carlyle, Lord of Torthorald, a younger son, John, bred to the
church ; also

William, his son and heir, fourth Lord of Drumlanrig, who
treading in the steps of his heroic ancestors, was slain in the ser-
vice of his country at the battle of Kirkonei, in that unnatural in-
vasion of the Duke of Albany against his own brother. King
James II. on the 22d of July 1484, i' leaving issue by Elizabeth
his wife, daughter of Sir Robert Crichton, Lord of Sanquhar, an-
cestor to the Earl of Drumfrise, i

First, James, his successor.

Second, Archibald, of whom the Douglases of Cashogle.

^ Charta penes Duceiii de Queensberry, in an indenture between Wil-
liam Douglas, Lord of Drumlanrig, and William Douglas, Lord of Leswalt,
in the year 1427-

' Mr Simpson's Account of the House of Drumlanrig.

Di Ibid. " Ibid. o Ibid:

P Mr. Thomson's Hist. Collections

"3 Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry.


Thirdj George, of whom the branch of Pinzire. "^
Fourth, John, vicar of Kirkonnel. '
Likewise several daughters^

Margaret, married to John Lord Cathcart, * and had issue.
Elizabeth, to John Campbell, son and heir apparent of James
Campbell, " of Wester Loudoun.

Janet, first to William Lord Somerville, and secondly to Alex-
ander Gordon, at that time son and heir apparent of John Gordon,
of Lochinvar,'^ ancestor to the Viscounts of Kenmure,

Which James, fifth Lord of Drumlanrig, in 1470, married
Janet, daughter of David Scot, of Buchleugh, ^ by whom he had
William his successor, and a daughter, Janet, married to Roger
Grierson, of Lag, and dying in 140)8, ^ was succeeded by

William, his son, sixth Lord of Drumlanrig, who did not
long survive his father, for he lost his life with King James IV.
and the flower of the kingdom, at the fatal battle of Flowdoun,

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