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Two daughters ; Jane, married, first, to John, Lord Berin-
dale, by whom she was mother of George, fifth Earl of Caith-
ness} and after to Alexander, Lord Duffus 3 and Anne, to Alex-
ander, Earl of Balcarras, and again to Archibald, Earl of Argyle.

And dying without sons, on April 15th, l633, "

George, his brother of the half blood, succeeded him in his
estate and honour as second Earl of Seaforth. This noble Earl,
for his firm adherence to King Charles L had his estate seques-
trated, and himself excommunicated, and forced to leave the
kingdom. After the murder of the King, he repaired to his JNIa-
jesty King Charles IL while he sojourned in Holland, who re-
ceived him graciously, and made him principal secretary of state
for Scotland 3 in which honourable, though not at that time very
profitable employment, he died, anno 1651."^

He married Barbara, daughter of Arthur, ninth Lord Forbes,
by whom he had.

First, Kenneth, his son and heir.

Second, Mr. Colin Mackenzie 5 " the father," says Crawfurd,
" of my excellent friend the learned Dr. George Mackenzie, who
hath already obliged the world with two volumes of a biography
of his learned countrymen 3 for whose great worth and virtues I



m Charta in Cancel. S.D. N. R. m Ibid-

o Memoirs of the family of Seaforth, in the dedication to the Lord Sea-
forth, by Dr. George Mackenzie, in his first volume of his Biography,
" who,'' says Crawfurd, " I am hopeful will oblige the nation, by writing
at large the memoirs of this noble family, of which he lias the honour to de-
rive his descent, and which I know the Doctor is so well supplied with ma-
terials for, and for that very reason I have been the less particular in my ac-
count of this noble family, than perhaps I might have been, presuming that
that more exact work of his will in due time be communicated to the world."
Crawfurd.



598 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

have that esteem which he has from all the lovers of his country,
and very deservedly."

Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth, his son, was very eminent in
his loyalty to King Charles II. during the usurpation j for he was
so far from being discouraged by the sufferings of his father for the
royal family, that he did very firmly adhere to, and support the
royal cause as long as there was any to appear in the field for itj
and when he was obliged to submit to the powers that then pre-
vailed, he was committed to prison, where with great constancy
and firmness of mind, he endured a long and tedious imprison-
ment, till he was relieved by the restoration of the King.

He married Isabel, daughter of Sir John Mackenzie, of Tar-
bat, and departing this life in the month of December, 16/8, left
issue by his wife aforesaid.

First, Kenneth, his successor.

Second, John Mackenzie, of Assint; and.

Third, Colonel Alexander Mackenzie, grandfather of the pre-
sent peer.

Likewise four daughters ; Lady Margaret, married to James,
Lord Duffus ; Lady Anne j Lady Isabel, to Roderick Macleod,
of that ilk, but had no issue ; and again to Sir Duncan Campbell,
of Lochenell j Lady M^ary, to Alexander Macdonald, of Glengary,
and had issue.

Kenneth, yoM7-^/^ Earl of Seaforth, was one of the lords of
the privy-council to King James VII. by whom he was chosen
one of the knights companions of the most noble Order of the
Thistle, anno 168/, which that Prince was then pleased to re-
vive.

Upon the revolution, when his unfortunate master was forced
to retire into France, and thence into Ireland, the Earl soon fol-
lowed him thither J at which time King James created hira a
Marquis. He married the Lady Frances Herbert, daughter of
William, Marquis of Powis, of the kingdom of England, by whom
he had

William, his successor.

And a daughter, Mary, married to Caryll, Esq.

And dying in January, 17OI, was succeeded in his estate and
honour by

William, his son, the fifth Earl, who being engaged in the
rebellion of 1/15, forfeited his estate and honours to the crown.

He made his escape to France, where he remained till King
George 1, granted him a pardouj 1726, on which he returned to



LORD SEAFORTH. 5g9

Scotland, and spent the reniainder of his days in a quiet retire-
ment. He died 17'iO^ having married Mary, only daughter and
heiress of Nicholas Kennet, of Coxhow in Northumberland, Esq.
by whom he had three sons.

First, Kenneth, Lord Fortrose.

Second, Ronald, who died unmarried.

Third, Nichol Mackenzie, Esq.

Fourth, Lady Frances, married to John, representative of the
family of Kenmure, and had issue.

Kenneth, Lord Fortrose, eldest son of Earl William, had it
not been for his father's attainder, would have been sixth Earl of
Seaforth.

He was elected member of parliament for the boroughs of
Fortrose, &c. in 1/41, and for the county of Ross in 174/, and
1754.

He married Lady Mary Stewart, daughter of Alexander, Earl
of Galloway ; by whom he had Kenneth, his heir, and six
daughters 5 Margaret, Mary, Agnes, Catherine, Frances, and
Euphemia.

His Lordship dying 17(52, was succeeded by his only son,

Kenneth, who was raised to the Irish Peerage, October 2Sth,
1766, by the title of ^5coMwf For^roje, and farther advanced to
be Earl of Seaforth, November 22d, 1771' He married, October
7th, 1755, Lady Caroline Stanhope, daughter of William, second
Earl of Harrington, who died March 24th, 1767, leaving an only
daughter by him.

Lady Caroline, who became his heir.

His Lordship dying 1781, without male issue, his titles became
extinct ; and his estates descended to his next collateral heir male,
the present peer.

Colonel Alexander Mackenzie, already mentioned, third son
of Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth, by Isabel, daughter of Sir
John Mackenzie, of Tarbat, was father of

Major Mackenzie, who married Mary, daughter of

Matthew Humberston, Esq. by whom he had issue four daughters
and two sons ; viz. first, Frances-Cerjet, married to Sir Vicary
Gibbs, Knight, attorney-general 5 second, Maria-Rebecca, mar-
ried to Alexander Mackenzie, Esq.; third, Elizabeth j fourth,
Helen, married Colonel Alexander Mackenzie.

The sons were,

First, Thomas Frederick Humberston Mackenzie.

Second, Francis Humberston Mackenzie, pre5e?z^ peer,



600 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Colonel Thomas Frederick Humbesston Mackenzie, eldest
son, not long after the breaking out of the American war, raised
a Highland regiment, and was sent to Jersey ; but this being a
scene too inactive for his enterprizing genius, he obtained leave
to raise a regiment for the East Indies, which he performed in a
few months, and embarked with his battalion in the spring of
178I. As soon as he arrived in India, he obtained a separate
command on the Malabar coast ; where he displa)'ed great mili-
tary genius, and executed important services to the company. But
on his return, 1782, from Bombay to the southern part of the
coast, by sea in a small vessel, he fell in with a squadron of Ma-
ihatta ships, by whom the little vessel was soon overpowered, though
not till after a gallant but rash resistance, in which he received
wounds of which he died. " Too much cannot be said in praise
of a person who promised to be the ornament of his family; and
a most useful member of the state j and no panegyric is neces-
sary, but the transactions in which he had been engaged. These
may be considered, as an earnest of greater future exploits, to
which his aspiring and enterprizing genius would naturally have
carried him, and to which his high rank would have entitled him
in more mature life. If we were to look for a character in that
war, parallel to that of General Wolfe in the former war, it may
be questioned, if we could find any thing more resembling it, than
that of Colonel Humberston." p

His only brother, Francis Humberston Mackenzie, now
Lord Seaforth, succeeded him in the estates. He was born
June 9th, 1754, and having raised a regiment at the beginning of
the late war, and in consideration of the ancient titles of his
family, was raised to the Peerage October 26th, I797i by the title
of Baron Seaforth, of Klntail in the county of Ross.

His Lordship was raised to the rank of major-general I8O23
and of lieutenant-general 1808.

In 1800, he went out governor to Barbadoesj and since to
Demarara and Berbice.

He is also lord-lieutenant of Rosshire.

His Lordship married Mary, daughter of the late Rev. Baptist
Proby, dean of Lichfield, uncle to the Earl of Carysfort, by whom
he has issue.

First, William Frederick.

P Sec his character in the New Annual Register.'vol. v. p. 49, of Cha-
racters



LORD SEA FORTH. 60l

Second, George Levcson Boucherett,

Third, Francis-John, a midshipman, lately in the Mediterra-
nean.

Fourth, Mary.

Fifth, Frederica-Elizabeth, married, 1804, Admiral Sir Samuel
Hood, K. B. &c.

Sixth, Frances Catherine.

Seventh, Caroline.

Eighth, Charlotte-Elizabeth,

Ninth, Augusta-Anne.

Title. Francis Humberston Mackenzie, Lord Seaforth, of
Kintail in Rosshire.

Creation. By patent, October 26th, 1797*

Arms. Azure, a deer's head cabossed, or.

Supporters. Two savages with clubs, burning on the top.

Crest. A mountain in a flame.

Motto. LUCEO NON URO.

Chief Scat. Brahan Castle, Rosshire.



602



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.




SCOTT, LORD ELDON.



The present illustrious peer owes his elevation to the law, the
fountain from whence so many other great families have sprung.
The names of Bacon, Hyde, Somers, Yorke, and Murray, are
alone sufficient to cover this source with unfading rays of glory.
Nor probably will Lord Eldon be sooner forgotten in the legal
annals of his country.

William Scott, a merchant of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in
Northumberland, whose widow died July 18th, 1800, aged
ninety-two, had three sonsj first, Henry, a merchant at New-
castle ; second. Sir William; third, John, the present peer.

Sir William Scott, second son, who presides over the courts
of admiralty with such distinguished talents and integrity, was
educated at University College, Oxford, of which he became
Fellow ; and where he obtained great reputation, and took the
degree of LL. D.and was appointed Camden Professor of His-
tory, in which Gibbon has borne testimony, that " his lectures
would compose, were they given to the public, a most valuable
treatise." He has since arrived at the highest eminence in the
civil law, in which he has for many years filled the impoitant
office of Judge of the High Court of Admiralty, where
his decisions have acquired universal applause. He also repre-
sents the University of Oxford in parliament. He married Miss
Bagenal, of Berkshire : by her, who died September 4th, I8O9, he
has a daughter, married to Colonel Townshend, of Honington in
Warwickshire, and also sons.

Sir John Scott, now Lord Eldon, was born about 1750,



LORD ELDON. 603

educated at the University of Oxford, where he earlv discovered
his talents and acquirements j and thence removed to the Middle
Temple to study the law, where having been called to the bar,
though it was sometime before his merits became known, yet as
soon as an opportunity occurred of displaying his talents, he made
a rapid progress at the Chancery bar, and particularly attracted
the notice and countenance of Lord Chancellor Thurlow. He
was soon rewarded with a silk gown, and brought into parliament
for the borough of Vv''eobley com. Hereford ; and afterwards for
Eoroughbridge.

In 1/88, he was appointed Solicitor-General j and in
1793, succeeded Sir Archibald Macdonald as Attorney-Ge-
neral.

In 1799> ^^ was appointed Chief Justice of the Common
Pleas ; and raised to the peerage by the title of Lord Eldon, o/~
Eldon in the county of Durham, by patent dated July 18th of that
year.

In 1801, he was appointed Lord High Chancellor, which
he resigned in 1806^ and to which he was again appointed in
ISO7, on the resignation of Lord Erskine.

It is most ditficult to speak of those who are living without
being suspected of flattery or detraction. When this virtuous and
acute-minded man descends to the grave, the page of the histo-
rian and biographer will speak of him in the glowing colours which
he deserves, unchecked by the fear of being censured for adula-
tion. Of all who, in the long lapse of ages, have filled the sacred
seat, on which he now sits, none ever had purer hands, none ever
had a conscientious desire of equity more ardent and incessant
than Lord Eldon. The amazing expanse of his views, the inex-
pressible niceness of his discrimination, his unrelaxing anxiety to
do justice in every individual case, the kindness of his heart, and
the ductility of his ideas, all insure that attention to ever}- suitor,
which must necessarily obtain the unbounded admiration and at-
tachment of the virtuous and the wise. If there are those, to
whose interests a more expeditious, more rash, and venturous,
and less sparing mode of dispatching the decisions of the court
would be more consonant, it only shews that in this frail world
there are men, to whom a nice and sublime virtue is less pleasing,
than a coarser or more common-place and unfeeling line of con-
duct. Lord Eldon's eloquence is rather adapted to cultivated and
thinking minds, than to a popular audience. It generally addresses
the understanding rather than the fancy. It frequently wants



604 LORD ELDON.

fluency j but occasionally is tinged with a high degree of moral
pathos. '

His Lordship married Elizabeth, daughter of Aubone Surtees,
of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Esq. by whom he has had issue.

First, John Scott, M. P. for Boroughbridge, married, August
22d, 1804, Miss Ridley, only daughter of Sir Matthew White
Ridley, Bart, by whom he had issue John, born in December,
1805. He died December 24th, 1805, and his widow re-married
in , 1811, Farrer, Esq. of Elthara in Kent.

Second, Elizabeth.

Third, William Henry.

Fourth, Frances.

Titles. John Scott, Knt. Lord Eldon, Lord High Chancellor
of England.

Creation. By patent July 18th, 1799.

Arms. Argent, three lions heads erased, gules, between the
two at top an anchor, sable j on a chief wavy, azure, a portcullis
with chain, or ; a mullet for difference.

Crest. A lion's head erased, gules, charged on the neck with
a portcullis chained, or, and a mullet, argent.

Supporters. Two lions guardant, proper, gorged with a port-
cullis and chained, or, with a shield, argent, charged with a circle
of laurel leaves, vert.

Motto. Sed sine labe decus.

Chief Seat. Newby Park, Yorkshire.

a See a high panegyric on him, concordant with the opinions here ex-
tracted from the Biographical Peerage, in a speech of Sir Samuel Romilly, in a
debate in the House of Commons in the early part of the present year, 181 1.



LORD FITZGIBBON.



60:




FITZGIBBON, LORD FITZGIBBON.

(EARL OF CLARE IN IRELAND. J



John Fitzgtbbon, Esq. an eminent lawyer at the Irish bar, died
April nth, 178O, aged seventy-two, having had by the daughter
of John Grove, Esq. of Ballihimock, two sons and three daughters.

Arabella, married James St. John Jeffries, Esq. of Blarney-
Castle.

Elizabeth, married June 12th, 1763, the Hon. William Beres-
ford, archbishop of Tuam.

Eleanor, married Dominick Trant, Esq.

The other son died young.

John Fitzgibbon, only surviving son, first Lokd Fitz-
GiBBON, and Earl of Clare, was born 1749, educated at the uni-
versities of Dublin and Oxford, and afterwards entered upon the
study of the law, of which profession he became the great orna-
ment in his native country.

In 1784, he was appointed Attorney-General on the ele-
vation of Mr. Scott to the Bench, and, on the decease of Lord
Chancellor LifFord, 1789, he was appointed Lokd Chancellor
OF Ireland, and was raised, on June l6th, 1789, to the dignity
of the peerage by the title of Baron Fitxgihhon of Lower Connello.
To these dignities were added the titles of Viscount Clare, De-
cember 20th, 1793, and Eartof Clare, June 10th, \7Q5 ; and the
English Barony o/'Fitzgibuon of Sidbxjry, cow. Devon, Sep-
tember 24th, 1709.

In the elevated situation of Chancellor, he uniformly acted
with a manly decision and ability, that extorted applau:.* even



606 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

from his political adversaries; he banished chicanery and unne-
cessary delay from his court, and was, on every emergency, the
firm and undaunted supporter of the constitution of the British
realms. But these exertions were too much for his strength. He
enjoyed his last honours scarcely a year and half.

His Lordship had been for some time in a declining state of
health before his death; but latterly, his disease assumed so
alarming an aspect, that his physicians thought proper to recom-
mend a more genial climate ; and in conformity with this recom-
mendation, he had arrived in Dublin from his country scat at
Mountshannon in January, 1802, designing to proceed imme-
diately to Bath, or if his strength permitted, to the south of
France. The immediate cause of his death was the loss of a great
quantity of blood while at Mountshannon, which was followed
by such extreme weakness, that upon his arrival at Dublin on the
25th, there was reason to fear he could not survive the ensuing
day; on Wednesday these alarming appearances increased so
much, that upon a consultation of physicians he was given over.
Even on being made acquainted with this melancholy truth, the
firmness of his Lordship's mind did not forsake him. To prevent
any impediment to the public business, he directed the law officers
to be called, and from liis bed administered to them the necessary
oaths. Soon after his Lordship fell into lethargic slumber, and
continued motionless until Thursday, January 28th, when he
ceased to breathe.

On the 31st, his remains were interred in St. Peter's church,
Dublin ; the gentlemen of the law to the number of six hundred,
and seventy-four of the nobility and gentry, making up the pro-
cession. The pall was borne by the Marquis of Ely, the Earl of
Shannon, and the Lords Kilwarden and Tyrawley. ^

It cannot be denied that his Lordship was a man of superior
talents, and great vigour of mind and temper, suited to the trying
crisis in which he acted so conspicuous a part on the theatre of
public affairs.

His Lordship married, July 1st, 1 786, Miss Whaley, daughter
of Richard Chapel Whaley, Esq. of Whaley-abbey in Ireland, by
whom he had issue.

First, John, present peer.

Second, Richard Hobart Fitzgibbon, born October 2d, 1793,
an ensign in the tirst regiment of foot-guards,

a Gent. Mag. 1802.



LORD FITZGIBBON. 607

Third, Isabella, died young.
Fourth, Lady Isabella, born January 11th, 1795,
John, eldest son, second Lord Fitzgibbon, and second Earl
of Clare, was born June 10th, ^79"^-

Ttles. John Fitzgibbon, Lord Fitzgibbon, of Sidbury in De-
vonshire j also Earl and Viscount Clare, and Lord Fitzgibbon in
Ireland.

Creations. Lord Fitzgibbon of Sidbury by patent, September
24th, 1/99; also Baron Fitzgibbon of Ireland, June l6th, 1789;
Viscount Clare, December 20th, 1793) and Earl of Clare, June
10th, 1795.

Arms. Ermine, a saltier, gules, on a chief, or, three annulets
of the second.

Crest. A boar passant, gules, bristled, or, charged on the
body with three annulets, or.

Supporters. On the dexter a lion, gules; on the sinister a
griffin, argent.

Motto. Nil admirari.

Chief Seat. Mount Shannon, near Limerick.



END OF VOL. Vm.



i






T. Bensley, Printer.
B«it Court, Fleet Street, London ,



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA.



LORD ELIOT.— P. 3.

P, 6. The Henourable William Eliot married, thirdly, March
7thj 1812, Miss Robinson, daughter of General Robinson.



LORD SOMERS,— P. ig.

P. 24. Maria, daughter of Thomas Somers Cocks, banker,
married. May 11th, 1811, Admiral William Hargood.

P. 26, 27. His Lokdship's issue are.

First, Edward Charles, born July 27th, 1786, late a captain
in the sixteenth dragoons, now a major in the army.

Second, John Somers, born March 19th, 1/87, a captain in
the second dragoon guards.

Thirds James Somers, born January 9th, 1 79O.

Fourth, Margaret Maria, born August 6th, 1791.

LORD BORINGDON.— P. 28.

P. 32. His Lordship married, secondly, August 23d, I8O9,
Miss Talbot, descended (as I am informed) from the Talbots of
Basham in Yorkshire, for whose pedigree see Whitaker's History
of Craven^ (second edition, just published.)

LORD BERWICK.— P. 33.

P. 38. His Lordship married, February 8thj 1812, Miss
Dubochet.



LORD DOUGLAS OF AMBRESBURY.— P. 58.

P. 73. James, Lord Douglas, zvd Duke of Queensberry,
died December23d, 1810, aet, eighty-six^ and the English Peerage
expired with him. *^His Grace had been for some days afflicted

VOL. VIII. 2 R



610 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

with a severe flux, which all the powers of medicine could not
check. He was appointed Lord of the Bedchamber to his
Majesty on his coming to the throne; but in consequence of the
part he took in the question of the Regency in l/Sp, his name is
not to be seen in the Royal Household after that period. He
succeeded to the Dukedom of Queensberry in 1/78. He was
never married. His Grace was more generally known, and for a
much longer period, than any of his cotemporaries; and though
he did not display those talents which naturally attract the at-
tention of mankind, he never ceased from his first appearance
in the world to the moment when he left it for ever, to be an ob-
ject nf comparative notoriety. There was no interregnnm in the
public course of his existence. His first distinction v.'as that of
theTnrf: his knowledge of which, both in theory and practice,
was considered as equal, if not superior, to the most acknowledged
adepts of Newmarket. He rode himself in all his principal
matches, and was the rival in that branch of equitation of the
most professionnl jockies. His famous match with the Duke of
Hamilton, the father of the la^t nobleman of that title, and that of
the machine which bore his own name, were long distinguished
articles in the annals of Newmarket, and are not yet forgotten.
ITe blended however his pursuits of the Turf with the more ele-
gant attainments of high life, and was long considered as the first
fisrure in the brilliant circles of fashion. He was the model in
dress, equipage, and manners, for all those who as])ired to a supe-
riority in e.\.terior appearances. After he had quitted the Tnrf,
and had succeeded to the Queensberry titles and estates, his life
was distinguished by little else but his enjoyments, in which he
continued to indulge himself, while the faculties of receiving gra-
tification from them remained. His constant residence, and the
scene of his pleasure, was London, or its vicinity. Scotland he
seldom, if ever, visited. His house at Ambresbury in Wiltshire,
the work of Inigo Jones, and the classical mansion of a former
period, he let ; and his country pleasures were found in his villa
at Richmond, which he had fitted up in a style of superior ele-
gance. There he occasionally lived in splendour, till the folly of
the inhabitants by a vexatious claim at law drove him away.
Latterly he lived altogether in Piccadilly, where his figure was
daily visible in his balcony, and had become fiimiliar to every one,
who was in the habit of passing through that great metropolitan
thoroughfare. 7'he Duke of Queensberry was obviously for
many years a subject of continual remark. Anecdotes without



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 6ll

end were disseminated about him, many of which were false 3
and most of them exaggerated. But no man contrived to make
so much of life as he appeared to have done. When his eye,
for he had but one, was grown dim, and his hearing almost gone,
he did not lose his spirits, or fail in making efforts to enjoy what
little was left him. He had long lived secundum artevi; and the
prolongation of his life may be attributed to tliis precautionary
practice. The predominant feature of the Duke of Queensberry's
character was, to use a common phrase, to do what he liked,
without caring who was pleased or displeased at it. His charities
at Richmond were indeed considerable, and his occasional contri-
butions for national purposes were noble ones ; and that is all we
have heard of his public or private benevolence. All therefore
that can be said of him is, that he reached an age beyond the com-
mon allotment of men ; and was one of the most wealthy subjects
of the British empire. " Gent. Mag.''

Sir Charles Douglas, ofKelhead, Bart, was declared entitled
to the Scotch Marquisate of Queensherry, by a vote of a Com-
mittee of Privileges, July 9th, 1812.

His Grace's personal fortune was very large, and distributed
among numerous legatees. His landed estates are said to have
passed under entails in various portions to the present Marquis;



Online LibraryArthur CollinsCollins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical → online text (page 54 of 56)