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to the Duke of Buccleugh; and Lord Douglas. His personal
property was estimated at nearly a million. Lord Yarmouth has
150,000/, and is residuary legatee. Mr. Douglas 100,000/.; and
Lord Douglas 100,000/.

COURT OF CHANCERY, Friday, July 17, 1812.

Thomas and others, Legatees and Annuitants of the Duke of
Queensherry, against Montgomery, Bart, and others, his
Grace's Executors, and others.

Mr. Richards stated to the Lord Chancellor, that the Master
had made his separate report of the debts due from the late Duke,
and of the legacies given by his will and codicils, which there was
a very large fund in court to discharge ; but there were most
serious difficulties for the executors to encounter, arising from the
claims made by the Marquis of Queensherry, Lord "VVemys, and
others, in Scotland, in consequence of the Duke having granted
various leases for terms far exceeding his legal powers, and re-»

6j2 peerage of ENGLAND.

ceived fines or grassums for the same. The learned counsel ob"
served, that these claims were ascertained in some degree by the
Master's report, which specified them to be upwards of 350,000/.
and as there was property in court greatly beyond that amount,
he trusted his Lordship would consider the extreme hardship on
the creditors, annuitants, and legatees, (many of whom were in
great distress), that their claims should be postponed until the
suits in Scotland were concluded, which must occupy a long
period, and he hoped that an order would be made for the dis-
charge of the debts, and payment of a part of the legacies at least,
reserving a sum adequate to the amount of the claims specified in
the Master's report.

The Lord Chancellor observed, that he could not make such
an order with notice of the claims in Scotland, as their amount
appeared enormous, and to his knowledge proceedings were going
on in the Court of Session, to vacate the long leases which the
Duke had granted, and it was impossible to foresee the conse-

Sir Samuel Romilly, on the part of the executors, expressed
their anxiety to promote the wishes of the petitioners, for whom
they felt much, and they were most desirous of facilitating the
payment of their claims by any measure which could be adopted
consistent wiih their duty.

The Lord Chancellor replied, that he could not venture to do
more than refer it to the Master to ascertain from the proceed-
ings the full amount of the Scotch demands; after which, the
parties must again apply to tlie court. His Lordship remarked,
that he was fully convinced that the executors and all parties had
done every thing possible to assist the petitioners j but he could
not at present relieve them by an order for payment of any

Mr. Home appeared for Mr. Fuller, ^ one of his Grace's cre-
ditors, who had obtained a judgment against the executors, and
pressed the immediate payment of his debt, and interest from the
time of judgment being signed. His Lordship said, he would
order the debts to be paid, but certainly would not allow interest
on that in question, as the creditor could only go according to
the rules of the court; for had he attempted to prosecute his
judgment, the court would have stopped his proceedings.

a Mr. Fuller, his apothecary, who having attended his Grace for many-
years without remuneration, and having no provision by the will, brought his
action, and recovered a verdict for a large sum against his executors.


The cause is therefore sent back to the Master, and for the
pre.-ent the immense property of his Grace, after payment of the
debts, which are under gOOOl. will remain in court to accumulate
until it can be appropriated.


P. Q5. Lieutenant J. Beresford of the eighty-eighth foot,
eldest son of Marcus Beresford, by Lady Frances Arabella (Leeson),
died in January, 1812, of the wounds received at the storm of
Ciudad Rodrigo.

P. 97. Elizabeth Frances, daughter of Lady Araminta Monck.
married, July 25th, 1811, William Ogle Wallis Ogle, Esq. of
Causey Park, Northumberland.

P. 99. Lady Isabella Anne Beresford, married, April 14tb,
1812, at Marybone church, John William Head Brydges, Esq. of
Wootton Courts Kent.

Add to the issue of the present Bakon and Marquis,

A daughter, born April 26th, 1811.


P. 103, 10-1. Hardy, in his Life of Lord Charkraont, speaks
thus of ihejirst Earl of Shannon.

" The contest between Primate Stone and Mr. Boyle (the
Speaker), was merely for power ; but in that contest Stone sought
the aid of the crown ; and Boyle, who was a W hig, sought the aid
of the people," &c. " In 17-53, the particular question, which be-
came the trial of strength, was decided in favour of the latter."
&c. " Several adherents of Mr. Boyle had been dismissed from
their situations, but the English Cabinet stopped itself in mid
career. The cnembers of that Cabinet saw the diiSculties with
which they were surrounded ; and though perfectly convinced of
the obliquity of many who opposed, they dreaded the too great
success of many who combated even on their own side. Primate
Stone was made use of in supporting w^hat was fatally termed the
English interest 5 but his intriguing and aspiring temper gave
much umbrage, and cause of suspicion to tho^e who co-operated
with him. Mr. Boyle had given much ofience to ministers, but
they felt and acknowledged the superiority of his understanding.
He was a Whig, allied to some of the first families of that con-
nection 3 and though on some occasions, and in a recent trans-


action (the Dublin election) particularly, he had overstepped the
limits of moderation, such flights were not common on his part,
and it was with truth believed, that in some instances he yielded
to others, and felt his error, though too late. His peculiar sphere
was the House of Commons, not as an orator, but director. The
management of contested elections he took almost entirely to
himself, and with such a high and firm hand, that few country
gentlemen would continue a canvass, in their particular counties,
without a certainty of Mr. Boyle's support, if petitioned against.
He was a warm sincere friend, and undisguised enemy 5 so that
he was for many years relied on by ministers ; for those of the
most sound and comprehensive intellect preferred him to Stone,
and thought that Ireland would be safer in his hands, and give
them less molestation than in those of the Primate."

" Lord Northumberland left Ireland in May, 1/64; and put
the government into the hands of the Primate, as well as those of
the Earl of Shannon, and Mr. Ponsonby, ^ the Speaker. Death
soon after closed the eyes of the two great rivals. Stone and Shan-
non. They both died, while justices, in December following,
and within nine days of each other," &c. " The sound superior
sense of Lord Shannon would perhaps in any sifuation have
taught him general moderation j but Stone's ambition in truth
knew no limits."

The PRESENT Peer has a son and heir. Viscount Boyle, born
May 5th, ISO9.

P. 117. Honourable Mrs. Orde died 1812.


P. 132. Add to the issue of the present Peer,
Sixth, a son, born June ilth, 1810.
Seventh, a son, born December, 1811.

\> " In 1771," says Mr, Hardy, «' the triple alliance of aristocracy, un-
dertakers, and their newly-confederated powers gave way. To this surrender
the ;)rincipal event which contributed, was Mr. Ponsonby 's resignation of the
chair of the House of Commons. That Gentleman, allied to the principal
Whig families in both kingdoms, possessed not only great influence from
such connections, and his high stations, but from personal disposition, which
was truly amiable. His manners were exactly such as a parliamentary leader
should have. Open, aifable, and familiar, he had a peculiar dignity of per-
son, at oiice imposing and engaging," vol i. p. 293. This should have been
inserted (but for an iioadvertencej under Fomonh^ oflmokilly, vol. ix.



P. 207. Add to the issue of the pkesext Peek,
Fifth, a son, born March pth, IS 10,


P. 222. The Hon. William Grimston Bucknali's daughter
and heir, Sophia, married, November 2d, 1S04, the Honourable
Berkeley Paget.

P. 225. Add to the issue of the present Peer,

A daughter, born April 13th, 1810.


P. 247. Caroline Lucy, his Lordship's youngest daughter,
married, October 27th, 1810, Captain Scott of the royal navy.


P. 282. The issue of the Honourable John Douglas, by
Frances Lascelles, are,

First, Frances, wife of the Honourable William Stuart.

Second, Anne, died an infant.

Third, George Sholto, born December 23d, l^SQ.

Fourth and fifth, Edwin and George, twins, died infants.

Sixth, Charles, born March lOth, 1798.

Seventh, Harriet, born June Sth, 1792, married, November
25th, I8O9, Viscount Hamilton, eldest son of the Marquis of

Eighth, Charlotte, born July Uth, 1798.

Ninth, Emma.

Tenth, Elizabeth, born October Sth, 1794.

P. 2SJ. Add the date, August 11th, 1791, to the creation of
the English Barony.


P. 286. The PRESENT Peer has given proofs of his literary
and poetical talents, by a new edition of Sir Philip Sydney's De-
fence of Poetry, to which are prefixed some beautiful original
sonnets; and by a subsequent volume of poems, printed in 1812.


The first wife of the Reverend Edward South Thurlow, died June
20, 1808 J and he married, secondly, Susanna, youngest daughter
of the Reverend John Love, Rector of Somerby, com. Suffolk.
His eldest son, Edward John Thuilow, Esq. married, July 7th,.
1812, Miss Alston, of Clapham Common, Surry.


Since this article was written, I have ^ met with a little octavo
volume, entitled " The Life of his Excellency Sir JFilUam Phip,
Knt. late Captain General and Governor in Chief of the Province
of the Massachuset Bay, New England, containing the memoralle
changes undergone, and actions performed ly him, written by one
intimately acquainted with him. London, printed ly Sam.
Bridge in Austin Friers, for Nath. Hiller, at the Prince's Jrms in
Leaden-hall-street, over against St. Mary Ax, l6()7."

The author was Nath. Mather. By this it appears, that Sir
William was born February 2d, 1650, at a despicable plantation
on the river of Kennebech, and almost the furthest village of the
eastern settlement of New England. His father was James Phips,
a gunsmith, once of Bristol. " His fruitful mother, yet living
(1697), had no less than twenty-six children, whereof twenty-one
were sons ; but equivalent to them all was William, one of the
youngest, whom his father dying, left young with his mother, and
with her he lived, till he was eighteen years old. His friends
earnestly solicited him to settle aniong them in a plantation of the
East; but he had an unaccountab e impulse upon his mind, per-
suading him that he was born to greater matters. To come at
those greater matters, his first contrivance was to bind himself to
a ship carpenter for four years ; in which time he became a master
of the trade, that once in a vessel of more than forty thousand
tons repaired the ruins of the earth. He then betook himself
an hundred and fifty miles further afield, even to Boston, the
chief town of New England ; which being a place of the most
business and resort in those parts of the world, he expected
there more commodiously to pursue the Spes Majorum et Me-
liorum, hopes which had inspired him. At Boston, where it
was that he now learned first of all to read and write, he fol-
lowed his trade for about a year, and by a laudable deport-
ment so recommended himself, that he married a young gentle-
woman of good repute, who was the widow of one Mr. John

St By the favoHr of Mr. Cochrane, of Fleet-street.


Mull, a well-bred merchant, but the daughter of one Captain
Roger Spencer, a person of good fashion, who having suffered
much damage in his estate by some unkind and unjust actionSj
which he bore with such patience, that for fear of thereby injur-
ing the public, he would not seek satisfaction, posterity might
afterwards see the reward of his patience, in what Providence
hath now done for one of his own posterity. Within a little while
after his marriage, he indented with several persons in Boston, to
build them a ship at Sheepscote river, two or three leagues east-
ward of Kennebech j where having launched the ship, he also
provided a lading of lumber to bring with him, which would have
been to the advantage of all concerned. But just as the ship was
hardly finished, the barbarous Indians on that river, broke forth
into an open and cruel war upon the English ; and the miserable
people, surprized by so sudden a storm of blood, had no refuge
from the infidels but the ship now finishing in the harbour.
Whereupon he left his intended lading behind him, and instead
thereof carried with him his old neighbours and their families free
of all charges to Boston, So the first action that he did after he
was his own man, was to save his father's house with the rest of
the neighbourhood from ruin ; but the disappointment which
befell him from the loss of his other lading, plunged his affairs
into greater embarrassments with such as had employed him,

" But he was hitherto no more than beginning to make scnf-
folds for further and higher actions. He would frequently tell his
wife, that he should yet be captain of a King's ship; that he
should come to have the command of better men than he was now
accounted himself: and that he should be owner of a fair brick
house in the green lane of North Boston ; aod that it may be, this
would not be all that the Providence of God would bring him to.
Being thus of the true temper for doing of great things, he betakes
himself to the sea, the right scene for such things; and upon the
advice of a Spanish wreck about the Bahaiiias, he took a voyage
thither, but with little more success than what just served him a
little to furnish him for a voyage to England, whither he went in
a vessel not much unlike that which the Dutchmen stamped on
their first coin with these words about it, Incertum quo fata ferant.
Having first informed himself, that there was another Spanisii
WTCck, wherein was lost a mighty treasure hitherto undiscovered, he
had a strong impression upon his mind, that He must be the dis-
coverer ; and he made such representations of his design at White-
hall, that, by the year 1(JS3, he became the captain of a King's


ship, and arrived at New England, commander of the Algier
Rose, a frigate of eighteen guns, and ninety-five men,"

At length, " he fished out of a very old Spaniard, (or Portu-
guese) a little spot where lay the wreck, which he had hitherto been
seeking as unprosperously, as the chymists have their aurifick stone,
that it was upon a reef of shoals, a few leagues to the northward of
Port de la Plata, upon Hispaniola ; a port so called, it seems, from
the landing of some of the shipwrecked company, with a boat full
of pl^te, saved out of their sinking frigate. Nevertheless, when he
had siearched very narrowly the spot, whereof the old Spaniard
had advised him, he not hitherto exactly lit upon it. Still not
despairing, he returned to England, whence he again set sail for
the fishing ground, which had been so well baited half an hun-
dred years before. At length he arrived with a ship and tender
at Port de la Plata.

"' At last they fell upon the room in the wreck, where the
bullion had been stored up; and they so prospered in this new
fishery, that in a little while they had, without the loss of any
man's life, brought up thirty-two tons of silver. Besides that in-
credible treasure of plate, in various forms, thus fetched up from
seven or eight fathom under water, there were vast riches of gold,
and pearls, and jewels, which they also lit upon; and, indeed,
all that a Spanish frigate used to be enriched with."

" Captain Phips now coming up to London, in the year 1687,
■with near three hundred thousand pounds sterling aboard him,
did acquit himself with such an exemplary honesty, that, partly
by his fulfilling his assurances with his seamen, and partly
by his exact and punctual care to have his employers defrauded
of nothing that might conscientiously belong to them, he had
less than sixteen thousand pounds sterling left to himself."

" The King, in consideration of the service done by him in
bringing such a treasure into the nation, conferred upon him the
honour of Knighthooii,

He returned to New England, with the patent of High She-
riff. Thus furnished, he sailed in company with Sir John Nar-
borough, and having made a second visit to the wreck, not so
advantageous as the former, arrived there in the summer of l6S8 ;
able, after five years absence, to entertain his lady with some ac-
complishment of his predictions, and then built liimsdf a fair
brick house in the very place predicted.

Resenting the bad administration of this province, he returned
to England in l6S8; when King James otiered him the govern-


ment, which he would not accept ; but^ returning home again,
found his country in new troubles from the Indians. The English
revolution which followed, was hailed with joy in this remote set-
tlement, which now sent a naval force, with about seven hundred
men, under the conduct of Sir William Phips, against L'Acady
and Nova Scotia, which he recovered from the French, in 169O.

In the same year he led an expedition against Canada, which,
however, did not succeed. But the scheme of Canada lay at Sir
William's heart, and he took another voyage to England. Arriving
at Bristol, he hastened to London, and made application for aid to
renew his expedition.

In this visit Sir William was nominated Captain-General, and
Governor in-Chief over the province of Massachuset's Bay, in
New England. Having kissed the king's hand, on January 3d,
1691, he hastened away to his government j and, arriving at
New-England, May ]4th following, was received with accla-

" New-En?land had now a Governor that became wonder-
fully agreeably to her. He employed his whole strength to guard
his people from all disasters, which threatened them either by sea
or land ; and it was remarked, that nothing remarkably disastrous
befell that people from tlie time of his arrival to the government,
till there arrived an order for his leaving it,"

Articles were at length exhibited to the King against his
government, " But it was by most men believed, that if he would
have connived at some arbitrary oppressions too much used, by
some kind of officers on the King's subjects, few perhaps, or none
of those articles had ever been formed ; and that he apprehended
himself to be provided with a full defence against them all."

In obedience to the King's command, he took his leave of
Boston, November 17th, i6q4. Arriving at Whitehall, he found
that he had all human assurance of returning, in a very few weeks,
again Governor of New-England. But about the middle of Fe-
bruary, 1694-5, he found himself indisposed with a cold, which
obliged him to keep his chamber. Under this indisposition he
received the honour of a visit from a very eminent person at
Whitehall, who upon sufficient assurance bade him get well as
fast as he could, for in one month's time he should be ao;ain dis-
patched away to his government of New-England.

" Nevertheless his distemper proved a sort of malignant fever,
whereof many about this time died in the city, and it suddenly put
an end at once to his days and thoughts,, on the 18th of February.,


to the extreme surprize of his friends, who honourably interred
him in the church of St. Mary Wolnoth^ and with him how
much of New-England's happiness!"

" For his exterior, he was tall beyond the common set of
men, and thick as well as tall, and strong as well as thick. He
was in all respects exceedingly robust, and able to conqrier such
difficulties of diet and travel, as would have killed most men ;
nor did the fat, wherein he grew very much, in his later years,
take away the vigour of his motions. He was well-set, and of a
comel}'-, though manly countenance, in which might be read the
character of a generous mind. His generosity was incompara-
ble. He never once deliberately revenged an injury. In fine, he
was of so sweet a temper, that they who were most intimately
acquainted with him, would commonly pronounce him the best
conditioned gentlemau in the world.

" The love, even to kindness, with which he always treated
his lady, was a matter not only of observation, but even of such
admiration, that every one said, the age afforded not a kinder
husband ! This kindness appeared not only in his making it no
less his delight than study to render his whole conversation agree-
able to her, but also, and perhaps chiefly, in the satisfaction which
it gave him, to have his interests very much at her command.
Before he first went abroad upon wreck designs, he, to make his
long absence easy unto her, made her his promise, that what
estate the God of Heaven should then bestow upon him, should
be entirely at her disposal, in case that she should survive him.

And, \\hen Almighty God accordingly bestowed on him a
fair estate, he not only rejoiced in seeing so many charities done
every day by her bountit'ul hand, but he also (not having any
children of his oivvj adopted a nei'hew of hek's to be his
HEIR. And reckoning that a verbal intimation unto her of what
pious and public uses he would have any part of his estate, after
his death, put unto, as well as what supports he would iav^
afforded unto his own relations, would be as much attended by
her, as if he had otherwise taken the most effectual care imagina-
ble, he contented himself with bequeathing all he had entirely to
her, in his last will and testament. He knew very well that her will,
in point of a liberal disposition to honour the Lord with the sub-
stance, which the Lord had in so strange a manner enriched them
withal, would not fiil of being equal with his own.

Ey this account it appears that Sir William Phips was not
himself the ancestor of Lord Mulgrave, though I had followed


the Irish Peerage by Archdall, in asserting him to be so. The
adopted nephew of his wife was probably the true ancestor.

The PKESENT Peer has had issue.

First, Henry Constantine, born May 15th, 1797, died De-
cember 4th, 1808.

Second, Henrietta Sophia, born May 2Sth, lygg.

Third, Charles Beaumont, born December 27th, 1801.

Fourth, a son, born December 7th, 1803.

Fifth, a son, born October 1 8O9.


P. 374. The issue of the present Peer are,

First, George Augustus Frederiok Henry, born October 23d,

Second, Charles Orlando, in the navy.

Third, Orlando, appointed an ensign in the first regiment of
foot guards, February 14th, 1811.

Fourth, Henry Edmund, born September, 1797'

Fifth, Lucy Elizabeth Georgina, born in 1792; married, Ja-
nuary 22d, I8O9, William Wolriche Whitmore, Esq. of Dudmas-
ton, Shropshire, lieutenant-colonel of the Shropshire militia.

Sixth, a daughter, born September 14th, 1799-


P. 378. James, eldest son of the present Peer, died No-
vember 8 th, 1811.

P. 398. Honourable Caroline Elwes died July 13th, 1812.

LORD HOOD.— P. 400.

P. 400. The Honourable Samuel Hood has a daughter born
in November, 1811.



P. 444, Lady Sophia, wife of the Honourable William Bligh,
«l4ed July 25 tb, IdOg.


P. 451. The issue of his Lordship have been.

First, George Henry, born November 13th, l/QI, died young.

Second, Charles, born February 20th, 1793, died young.

Third, James Thomas, Fiscount Stopford, born March 27th,

Fourth, Edward, born June llth, 1/95.

Fifth, Henry Scott, born October 21st, 1/9/.

Sixth, Montague, born November 11th, 1798.

Seventh, Lady Mary Frances, born April 21st, 1801,

Eighth, Robert, born November 23d, 1802.

Ninth, Lady Elizabeth Anna, born January 9th, 1805.

Tenth, Lady Jane, born February 25th, I8O6.

Eleventh, Lady Charlotte, born September 7th, 1 807.

Twelfth, a daughter, born September 17th, 1811.

Rear Admiral Robert Stopford married, June 23d, I8O9, Mary,

Online LibraryArthur CollinsCollins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical → online text (page 55 of 56)