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September gth, 1513,^ leaving issue by Elizabeth his wife,
daughter of Sir John Gordon, of Lochinvar,
First, James, his successor.

Second, Robert, Provost of Lincluden, of whom the branch of
the Douglases of Barfurd, ^ and two daughters 5 Janet, married to
Robert Lord Maxwell J and Agnes, to Andrew Cunningham, of
Kirkshaw.

Which James, seventh Lord of Drumlanrig, was one of those
loyal Barons who, in 1526, attempted to relieve King James V,
from the Earl of Angus, who kept him in no other condition
than that of a prisoner ; but the attempt proving unsuccessful, he
was obliged to take out a remission for it. During the war in
the minority of Queen Mary, he behaved very loyally, for which
the Duke of Chattlerault, the governor, confered the honour of
knighthood on him; and in 1553, the Queen made him warden
of the East Marches, with a full power of justiciary, on the sur-
render of Sir John Maxwell, of Tareagles. "^ Which office he
discharged with great wisdom and courage for many years there-

r Mr. Simpson's Account of the House of Queensberry.

s Charta penes Dominum Cathcart ad annum 1497-

t Ibid. u Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry, ad Annum 1496.

X Charta penes Dominum Cathcart.

J Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry, ad annum 1470, Novemb. 5th.

z I find him then alive from the writs of the family.

1 Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry.

*> lb. etiamchartft in Pub. Arch, ad annum 1612. ' Ibid.



. LORD DOUGLAS OF AMBRESBURY. 63

after, even till his old age, that he resigned the office, which was
thereupon given to Sir John Maxwell, Knight. He married,
first, Margaret Douglas, "^ daughter of George, master of Angus,
by whom he had two daughters ; Janet, married to William
Douglas, of Cashogle, ^ and again to John Charters, of Aimsfield j
and Margaret, to John Jerdan, of Applegirth. *" From this Lady-
Sir William was divorced, and thereafter, by a dispensation from
the Pope's Legate, he was married again to Christian, s daughter
of John, master of Eglintoun, son of Hugh, Earl of Eglintoun ;
by her he had Sir William Douglas, of Hayick, who died before
his father, and four daughters,

Margaret, married to Robert Lord Sanquhair, and again to
William Earl of Menteth.

Helen, to Roger Grierson, of Lag, ^ and had issue.

Janet, first to James Tweedie, of Drumlezer ; ' and after-
ward to William Kerr, of Cesford, ^ ancestor to the Dukes of
Roxburgh.

Christian, to Sir Alexander Stewart, of Garlics, ' ancestor to
the Earl of Galloway, and had issue.

He lived to a great age, and died 1578.

Sir William Douglas, of Hayick, Sir James's son, though he
died a young man, yet he gave many proofs of his prudence and
courage in suppressing the English inroads, and the disorders com-
mitted on the borders. When the war broke out in the reign of
Queen Mary, he adhered to the interest of the young Prince, King
James VL with singular fidelity, was at the field of Langside,
where he signalized his valour, and contributed very much to the
overthrow of the Queen's party j and he was so zealous in the
cause, that afterward he commanded in that action betwixt
Leith and Edinburgh, in 15/2, where the Earl of Huntly, who
maintained the Queen's authority, was worsted, and many of his
adherents slain; and dying anno 1574, left issue by Margaret
his wife, daughter of James Gordon, of Lochinvar, " James, who
succeeded his grandfather ; likewise three daughters,

d Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry, ad annum 1530.
e Ibid. f Ibid.

S He got a charter under the great seal, Jacobo Dtuglas de Drumlanrig et
Cbrhtiance Montgomery ejus sfonsa, of several lands in Dumfrieshire, October
30th, 1545.

h Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry, ad annum 1530.
i Ibid. k Ibid. ' Ibid, etiam Charta in Pub. Arch.

» Charta in Pub. Arch, etiam Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry.



64 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Margaret;, married to Sir Robert Montgomery, of Skelmurly,
Bart. " and had issue.

Janet, to Sir James Murray, of Cockpool, ° and had issue.

Christian, to Robert- Dalziel^ younger of that ilk, i* there-
after Earl of Carnwath.

Sir James Douglas, of Drumlanrig, dying on the 27th of Sep-
tember, 15/8, 1 was immediately succeeded in his estate by his
grandson

Sir James, eighth Lord of Drumlanrig , who being a person of
great wisdom and prudence, was a very happy instrument in
reconciling the discords among the nobility and the contending
factions at court, which had rendered the reign of King James
less pleasant to him, till his accession to the English crown. Sir
James was no less wise than valiant, he having frequent occa-
sions of exerting his courage and conduct in those unhappy feuds
and mutual incursions, which infested the south-west parts of the
kingdom before the union of the crowns. He married Mar-
garet, daughter of John Lord Fleming, sister to John, first Earl
of Wigtoun, ' by whom he had.

First, William, his successor, the first Earl of Queensberry.

Second, Sir James Douglas, of Mousv/ald.

Third, David Douglas, of Airdoch.

Fourth, George Douglas, of Pinzrie.

Likewise two daughters ; Janet, married to William Living-
ston, of Jerwiswood, ancestor to Viscount Teviot) and Helen, to
John Menzies, of Castlehill.

And departing this life October l6th, l6l5, was succeeded by

Sir William, his son and h&xr, first Earl of Queensberry, who
being a gentleman of great parts and singular prudence, was par-
ticularly known and favoured by King James VL whom he had
the honour to entertain at his house of Drumlanrig, in his return
into England, in the year 1617: nor was he less regarded by
King Charles L who was graciously pleased to create him a Peer
by the title oi Lord Viscount Drumla7irig, on the 1st of April,
1628 ; * and further, for the greater splendor of his Majesty's co-
ronation, he was by letters patent, bearing date June 13th, l633,
raised to the honour of Earl of Queensberry. ' He married Isabel,
daughter of Mark, first Earl of Lothian, by whom he had

First, James, his successor.

» Charta in Pub- Arch- etiam Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry.

o Ibid. P Ibid. q Ibid.

t Ibid. s Charta in Pub Arch. t Ibid-



LORD DOUGLAS. 65

Second, Sir William Douglas, of Killhead, created a Baronet
l66S, ancestor of Sir Charles Douglas, of Killhead, Bart.

Third, Archibald Douglas, of Dornock.

Fourth, Robert, died unmarried.

And two daughters ; Margaret, married to James Earl of
Hartfield j and Janet, to Thomas Lord Kircudbright ; and dying
on March 8th, 1640, was succeeded by

James, his son, second Earl of Queensberry, who suffered
much for his loyalty to King Charles I. during the civil war j for
when he was endeavouring to join the Marquis of Montrose, be-
fore the battle of Philiphaugh, he was made prisoner, and after-
wards fined in 120,000 merks, which he paid.

After the battle of Kelsyth, he thought to have joined Mon-
trosej but the leading men of Glencairn, who had raised a great
force for the defence of the country, as they pretended, sur-
prized him in the mean time, carried him prisoner to Carlisle and
there delivered him to the governor, who closely confined him
for some time. After he obtained his liberty, thinking to be even
with the Glencairn, men, he obtained from the King a grant of
jurisdiction over their country, the amplest that could be be-
stowed 5 but that grant was taken from him by the parliament,
1649.

In 1654, lie was again condemned by Oliver Cromwell to pay
4000/. sterling as a new mulct, for his malignancy and rottenness
of heart, according to the language of those times.

He married, first, Mary, daughter of James Marquis of
Hamilton, by whom be had no issue j and again Margaret,
daughter of John Earl of Traquair, Lord High Treasurer of Scot-
land, by whom he had,

First, William, his successor.

Second, Lieutenant-Generai James Douglas, who died at
Namur in 1691^ having married and had issue, which are now
extinct.'

Third, John, killed at the siege of Treves 1675.

Fourth, Robert, killed at the siege of Maestricht 16^6.

Likewise five daughters ; first, Mary, married to Alexander
Earl of Galloway; second, Catharine, to Sir James Douglas, of
Kellbead, Bart, and had issue j third, Henrietta, to Sir Robert
Grierson, of Lagg, and had issue ; fourth, Margaret, to Sir Alex,
pnder Jardane, of Applegirth, Bart, and had issue j and secondly,

VOL. vin. F



66 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

to Sir David Thoirs ; fifth, Isabel, to Sir William Lockhart, of
Carstairs, Bart, and had issue.

And dying on the 15th of August 1671, was succeeded by
William, his son, third Earl of Queensherry, who being a
nobleman of very great parts, was in 1667 sworn of the privy-
council to King Charles II. and thereafter, June 1st, 168O, made
Justice General, " on the removal of Sir George Mackenzie, of
Tarbat; also his Majesty, as a testimony of his special favour, was
pleased to create the Earl, Lord Douglas, of Kinmont, Middlebie,
and Dornock, Viscount ofNith, Torthorald, and Ross; Earl of
Drumlanrig and Sanquhar; and Marquis ofQueenslerry, by letters
patent, bearing date February llth, ^ 1082, >' and in less than six
months thereafter, upon some alterations in the ministry, the
Marquis of Queenslerry was preferred to be Lord High Trea-
surer OF Scotland, and the Earl of Perth made Justice General
in his room ; ^ likewise in September thereafter, he was made
constable and governor of Edinburgh castle, and one of the ex-
traordinary Lords of the session. Finally, that no honour might
be wanting which his Majesty could confer upon him, he was
raised to the honour of Alar quis of Dumfricshire, and Duke of
Queenslerry , February 3d, l684; ^ about which time he was ad-
mitted one of the lords of the privy-council for the kingdom of
England.

As the Duke had been in great favour in the reign of King
Charles II. he was no less so in the beginning of King James VII.
who not only continued nim in his former posts, but likewise
made him Lord High Commissioner to represent his royal person
in his first session of parliament l685; and the same year he,
I'ud James Lord Drumlanrig, his son, were constituted his Ma-
jesty's lieutenants in the shires of Drumfrlese and Wigtoun, and
the Stewartries of Annandale and Kirkcudbright. In I686, the
treasury being turned into commission, the Duke of Queensberry
was made president of the council, but the measures that were

u Charta in Pub. Arch, etiam Charta penes Ducem de Queensbcrry-

X Ibidem,
y In April following he obtained the King's manual to the Lord Lyon,
King of Arms, ordering the double tressure to be superadded to his armorial
bearings, as it is in the royal achievement.

7 Charta in Pub. Arch. May ist. 1682, making the Earl of Perth Justice
General, and another making the Marquis of Oueensberry Lord High Trea-
surer, July 15th, 167Z.

a Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry.



LORD DOUGLAS. 6T

soon after taken at court, noi suiting with his temper and princi-
ples, and for his not complying with the project of taking away
the' penal laws against popery, he was in six months thereafter
deprived of all public employments, and thereafter lived prudently
and cautiously^ through the rest of that reign ^

His Grace married Isabel, daughter of William Marquis of
Douglas, by whom he had,

irst, James, his son and heir.

Second, William, Earl of March; and,

Third, Lord George, a young nobleman of great hopes, who
died in l6g3.

And a daughter Anne, married to David Earl of Weems.

Departing this life at Edinburgh March 28th, lQg5, he was
with great funeral solemnity interred at the church of Duris-
deer, with his ancestors, where there is a magnificent monument
erected for him. <=

James, second Duke of Queenslerry, his son and successor,
was born on the 18th of December, l602; after he had gone
through the course of his studies at the University of Glasgow,
he went into foreign parts, to accomplish himself by travels,
anno l680, and upon his return in l684, was by King Charles II.
made one of the privy-council, and lieutenant-colonel of a reg>
ment of horse commanded by Lieut. -General Graham, thereafter
Viscount of Dundee ; and he continued in these posts till the year
1688, about which time he quitted them for ill usage at court,
and upon the account of the disagreement of his princpies with
their measures.

The revolution then happening to come on, he appeared early
in it, and was by the Prince of Orange, upon his acceptance of



a He rebuilt his fine castle there, which with its gardens, afterwards highly
improved and finished, yielded to none in Scotland for stateliness and elegance
He also greatly improved his estate, which had been much impaired by the
loyalty and sufferings of his father and grandfather, and the iniquities of those
unhappy times. Douglas, p. 566.

b He seems, by Burnet's account, to have been a man of despotic prin.-
ciples, inclined to go into all King James's violences, except in religion, to
which he was so steady, as to have incurred great dangers, and at one time
disgrace. Editor.

c "" Two great men,'' says Burnet, "died this winter; the Dukes of
Hamilton and Queensbsrry: they were brothers-in-law, and had been long
great friends j but they became irreconcileable enemies. The first had more
application, but the other had the greater genius. They were incompatible
with each other, and indeed with all other persons; for each loved to be ab*
golute, and direct every tlyng." Editor, ^,



■P



68 PEERAGE OF ENGLi^ND.

the government, made colonel of the Scots horse guards, and at
the same time one of the privy-council, and one of the gentlemen

*''"of his Majesty's bed-chamber.

In 1690, King William sent him into Scotland, to command
a separate body of troops under lieutenant-general IVIackay 5 two
years after, he was made one of the lords of the treasury ; and in
the parliament 1093, he was authorized to sit and vote as Lord
High Treasurer, for his father being then alive, and he not a peer,
he could not others ise sit, but as an officer of state, which de-
pends on the sovereign's nomination.

The Duke, his father, departing this life as aforesaid in 16Q5,
he laid aside all thoughts of military employments, quitted the
command of the guards, and was thereupon made Lord Privy
Seal, and one of the extraordinary lords of the session.

His Majesty in I7OO was pleased to make him Lord High
Commissioner to represent his royal person in parliament, where
he held two sessions by virtue of two distinct patents 5 and upon
his return to court, his Majesty, on June 8th, 17OI, was pleased to
honour the Duke with a distinguishing mark of his royal favour,
for that evening, a chapter being held of the most noble Order of
the Garter at Kensington, where the sovereign was present, the
Duke was then elected a companion of the order, and installed at
Windsor the 10th of July thereafter. His Grace having served
King William as long as he lived with great fidelity, her Majesty
Queen Anne, upon her accession to the throne, first made him
secretary of state ; and entertaining the same just sentiments of his
ability and conduct, appointed him to be her commissioner to re-
present her royal person in that session of parliament which met
at Edinburgh, the Qih of June, 1/02; but the legality of that
session meeting with great opposition from a strong party in the

^ parliament, who declared openly that they did not conceive them-
selves warranted to meet and act in that session as a parliament, '^
and therefore did not only dissent from any thing that should be
done or acted therein, but withdrew, and removed from their at-
tendance : wherefore her Majesty, to quiet the minds of her peo-
ple, was pleased to order (he Duke to prorogue the parliament,
which his Grace did, and thereupon set out for London j where
he was soon thereafter appointed one of the commissioners upon
the part of Scotland, for treating of an union betwixt both nations ;

d The Duke of Hamilton presented a paper, which contained the reasons
of his dissent, which may be seen at large in the History of Europe, and the
Memoirs of Scotland ; but it is foreign to my purpose to insert it here



LORD DOUGLAS. 6g

but though the commissioners of the respective kingdoms met
several times, and settled preliminaries on both sides 5 yet upon a
more mature deliberation, the court concluded that it was not a
fit season to promote that business, but to suspend the further
prosecution of it until a more favourable conjuncture. The
former parliament being dissolved, it was necessary another should
be called, as had been usual at the entrance of all sovereigns to
the crown ; and therefore her Majesty issued out writs for the
calling of a new parliament, which met according to summons
upon the 6th of May 1703, to which the Queen was pleased to
honour the Duke of Queensbeiry, by appointing his Grace to re-
present her royal person, as lord high commissioner. The parlia-
ment being opened with great solemnity, they began cheerfully
in passing an act, recognizing her Majesty's title to the crown j
but that unanimity did not long continue among them ; for a
very strong party in the parliament having brought in and carried
an act for the security of the kingdom, presented it to the lord
commissioner, for the royal assent ; but the act of security being
transmitted to the court, the English ministry were so wholly-
averse to it, and the country party in the parliament of Scotland as
strenuously insisting to have it pass, all the Duke could well do
in such a conjuncture, was to keep it off till he should receive in-
tructions from above; which he did with the utmost dexterity,
till her Majesty having declared that some difficulties having fallen,
in in that affair, so much pressed, she would take time to consider
them before she could be determined to give the royal approba-
tion ; and therefore ordered the lord high commissioner to adjourn
the parliament on the l6th of September, after they had sat full
three months, which the Lord Chancellor did in the usual forms.

How great soever these services of the Duke's were esteemed
to be for a time, yet it is certain, that in less than a year there-
after, upon a change of some measures at court, his Grace was
removed from all public employments, except that of one of the
extraordinary lords of the session^ which was for life, and of which
he could not be deprived. ^

But upon another change at court, in 1705, ''when the Duke
of Argyle was declared commissioner for holding the session of
parliament that year, the Duke of Queensberry was made lord
privy-seal in place of the Earl of Rothes, and one of the commis-

e See Burnet's Hist Own Times.
' He was brought in ag;<in for the purpose of carrying the union. See
Burnet,



:?0 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

sioners of the treasury. It is foreign to my design to assign the
reasons here of the change that was found in the disposition of
the English ministry, in reference to the act of security, which had
passed in the parliament 1704, from what it had been in the ses-
sion before, wherein the Duke preceded as lord high commis-
sioner. However, the fore-mentioned act of security put the
English ministry under a necessity of effecting the union of the
two kingdoms; and in order thereto, her Majesty being em-
powered by the parliament in 1705, did nominate and appoint
commissioners to treat with those of England, for uniting the tw(>
kingdoms, of which number the Duke of Queensberry the lord
privy seal was one.

The commissioners of both kingdoms having accordingly met
at London on the lOth of April, 17O6, the preliminaries were
easily agreed to on the '24th. The two succeeding months were
taken up in carrying on the treaty, and being much forwarded
by her Majesty's royal presence and recommendation to bring it
to a conclusion, the articles were completed and signed on the 22d
of July thereafter.

Though the treaty of union was concluded by the respective
commissioners of Scotland and England, yet it behoved to be ap-
proved and coniirmed by both parliaments before it could be per-
fected ; and the parliament of Scotland being to meet for that end
the 6th of October, the Duke of Queensberry was pitched on as
the fittest person to be her Majesty's commissioner to bring that
great affair about in parliament.

So difficult and nice a work as incorporating the two king-
doms, could net be effected without very considerable opposition,
both from within doors and without : but his Grace being sup-
ported by her Majesty's authority, and a full and hearty concur-
rence of a majority in the parliament, (who were well affected to
the union) went on vigorously in the prosecution of his duty, and
with so much dispatch, that the v/hole treaty was enacted and ra-
tified on the lOlh of January, 1707, by the lord commissioner, by
the touch of the royal scepter, in the usual manner.

The Duke of Queensberry having thus concluded the union,
and surmounted all the difHculties he met in his way to complete
it, in April thereafter set out for London, where he found that
gracious reception from the Queen which his eminent services had
deserved : and it was but very just that he who had expended so
much of his time in the public service, should have some suitable
compensation; and therefore the Queen gave him the compli-



I



LORD DOUGLAS. 7I

ment of a pension of 3000/. per ann. out of the post office. Her
Majesty's goodness and bounty did not stop here, seeing she was
pleased, in May, 17OS, to create him a peer of Great Britain, by
the titles of Baron Rippox, Marsuis of Beverlt, and Duke
OF Dover ; which honours were to descend to the Earl ofSollo-
luay, his second son.

The Queen continuing still her royal favours to his Grace*
was pleased, on the pih of February, 1709, to declare in council,
that by reason of the increase of the public business, she thought
fit to appoint a third Secretary of State of Great Britain, and having
named the Duke of Queensberry the person, he was thereupon
sworn into the office, which he enjoyed till his death, July Oth,
1711, after a short indisposition, which the physicians call the
iliac passion.

He married, December 1st, ]6S5, the Lady Mary Boyle,
daughter of Charles Lord Clifford, son of Richard Earl of Burling-
ton and Cork, and by her, who died in London October 2d, 1 70a,
he had.

First, William, born at Edinburgh May ISth, 1690, and died
seven months after.

Second, James, born in London November 12th, i697j who
"«'as of an infirm constitution both of body and mind.

Third, Charles, who succeeded to the honours.

Fourth, Lord George, born in London February 20th, 1/01,
■Uied at Paris, aet. twenty-four.

Fifth, Lady Isabel, died unmarried.

Sixth, Lady Jane, married, 1 720, to Francis, Duke of Buc-
cleugh, and had issue.

Seventh, Lady Anne, married, 1733, the Hon. William Finch,
and died 17-^^1? s.p.

Charles, second son, succeeded as third Duke of Queensherryf
and SECOND Duke of Dover. He was born at Edinburgh No-
vember 24th, 1693, and in 1707, was created Earl of Soloway,
Viscount Tilers, ^c. In 17^7^ he set out on his travels 5 and
after passing through France, arrived the beginning of November
that year at Venice, which he left the last of February 1717-I8,
intending to go to Rome on his return to England,

When he came of age, he claimed his seat in the English
house of peers as Duke of Dover ; but the house of lords then
construed the articles of union to restrain the King from conferring
an English peerage on a Scotch peer ; a construction which has
only been reversed in the middle of the present reign.



72 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

On May 31st, 1726, his Grace was sworn of the privy-council j
on June 25th, 1725, was appointed a lord of the bed-chamber;
and on December 11th, 1727, was made vice-admiral of Scotland.
In April, 174s, his Grace accepted of the situation of gentleman
of the bed-chamber to Frederick, Prince of Wales. He was after-
wards appointed lord keeper of the great seal for Scotland; and
in 1762, on the death of the Marquis of Tweedale, constituted
lord justice general of Scotland.

His grace married, on March 20th, 1719-20, the Lady Cathe-
rine Hyde, s second daughter and coheir of Henry Hyde, Earl of
Rochester, and by her had issue two sons.

First, Henry, Marquis of Beverley, born October 30th, 1722,
who betook himself to a military life, and served two campaigns
under the Earl of Stair, in which he distinguished himself at the
siege of Coni. He afterwards got the command of a regiment in
the service of the States of Holland. Returning home, he mar-
ried, July, 1754, Lady Elizabeth Hope, daughter of John Earl of



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