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COLLINS'S

peerage of Cnglanti:

GENEALOGICAL,
BIOGRAPHICAL, AND HISTORICAL.

GREATLY AUGMENTED,
AND CONTINUED TO THE PRESENT TIME,



SIR EGERTON BRYDGES, K, J,




IN NINE VOLUMES.
VOL. VI.



LONDON:

rUlNTED FOR F, C. AND J. RIVINGTON, OTRIDGE AND SON,
J. NICHOLS AND CO. T. PAYNE, WILKIE AND ROlilNSON, J-
WALKER, CLARKE AND SONS, W. LOWNDES, K. LEA, J. CUTHELL,,
LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND CO. WHITE, COCHRANE,
AND CO. C. LAW, CADELL AND DAVIES, J. BOOTH, CROSIJY
AND CO, J. MURRAY, J. MAWMAN, J. liOOKER, K. SCHOLEY,
J. HATCHARD, R. BALDWIN, CRADOCK AND JOY, J. FAULDER,
<*ALE, CURTIS AND CO, JOHNSON AND CO. AND G, ROBINSON.

1812.



^ ^ y/



T, I'eusley, Printer,
Bait Court, Fleet Street, Londu



CONTENTS OF VOL. VI.



VISCOUNTS.

Page

Devereux, Viscount Hereford 1

Belasyse, Viscount Fauconlerg 23

5^ John, Viscount Bolinglroke and St, John 43

Boscawen, Viscount Falmouth 62

Byng, Viscount Torrington 80

Fitzgerald, Viscount Leinsler 100

Noel, Viscount JVentworth 200

Courtenay , Viscount Courtenay 214

IVard, Viscount Dudley and JVard 2/2

Maynard, Viscount Maynard 280

Hampden Trevor, Viscount Hampden 2^1

Germain, Viscount Sackville 30(J

Townshend, Viscount Sydney 319

Hood, Viscount Hood 324

Hood, Viscount Bridport 3GQ

Duncan, Viscount Duncan 3/8

Curzon, Viscount Curzon 3gy

Dundas, Viscount Melville 3Qg

Addington , Viscount Sidmoulh 423

Anson, I'lscoimt Anson 42(5

Lake, Viscount Lake 432

Cathcart, Viscount Cathcart 43A

JVellesley, Viscount IVellinglon 4t)2



BARONS TO THE DEATH OF QUEEN ELIZABETH.

De Roos, Baroness de Roos 483

Staptetou, Lord Le Despencer 4;'>6

Southivell, Lord De Clifford 512

Trefusis, Lord Clinton and Say 54 1

Thicknessc Toucliet, Lord Audley 54(5



IV CONTENTS.

Page

Brand, Baroness Dacre. . . . 558

Bertie, Baroness Willoughly of Eresly 59 1

Yelverton, Baroness Grey de Ruthyn 620

Stourton, Lord Stourton 633

Rawdon Hastings, Lord Hastings and Rawdon, (Earl of

Moira in Ireland) 643

Verney, Lord Willoughly de Broke 69I

Barony of Chandos 704

St. John, Lord St. John of Bletsoe 741

Ellis, Lord Howard of IValden 752



03" The Reader is requested to turn also to the Addenda at the end i
the Volume for the latest dates, and a few corrections, of every article.



THE



PEERAGE OF ENGLANB,



VISCOUNTS.




DEVEREUX, VISCOUNT HEREFORD.

Among other powerful Normans, who accompanied Duke Wil-
liam in the conquest of England, was Walter de Ewrus, Earl of
RosMAR, to whom, in consideration of his valour, he gave the
lordships of Salisbury and Arnesbury, in Wilts. 1 his Earl before
he came hither had issue Gcrold, called Le Gros, afterwards Earl
of Rosmar, father of William, surnamed Mcschin, father of Wil-
liam, who died issueless.

But after his coming to England he had other sons, viz.

First, Ed'vard, ancestor to the ancient Earls of Salisbury.

Second, Robert, ancestor to the Viscounts Hereford, and Earls
of Essex.

Edward, eldest son, called Dc Sareslerie ^ was possessed, at
the general survc;.-, of large esu'.ies, among which Wf-re thirty-
three lordships in Wilts. In 20 Hen. 1. In- was stand:ird-oearer in
the famous battle at ihcnnevdle in Normandy. He left a son
Waltku } whose son and heir Patric was advanced to the



a Dugd Bar. vol i. p 174-



VOL, rr.



2 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

dignity of Earl of Salisbury,^ by Maud the Empress ; and being
the King's lieutenant in Aquitaine, in II67, was slain by Guy de
Lczinnian on his return from a pilgrimage, which he had made to
St. James in Galicia j and was buried at St. Hilarier. He waa
succeeded by his son and heir William, second Earl of Sa/is-
bury,\v\-\o died in II96, 8 Rich, II. leaving Ela, his sole daughter
and heir, " of whom," says Dugdale, " it is thus reported ; that
being so great an inheritrix, one William Talbot, an Englishman,
and an eminent soldier, took upon him the habit of a pilgrim,
and went into Normandy, where wandering up and down for the
space of two months, at length he found her out. Likewise that
he then changed his habit; and having entered the court, where
she resided, in the garb of an harper, (being practised in mirth
and jesting) he became well accepted there. Moreover, that
growing acquainted with her, after some time he look her into
England, and presented her to King Richard ; who, receiving her
very courteously, gave her in marriage to William, surnamed
Longspe, his brother, (that is, a natural son to King Henry II.
begotten en the Fair Rosamond, sometime his concubine.) And
that thereupon King Richard rendered unto him the Earldom of
Rosmar, as her inheritance, by descent from Edward of Sares-
burie, the son of Walter de Ewrus before-mentioned." '^ This
Earl William died in ]226, his widow Ela surviving till about
1263, at the age of seventy-eight, '^

Robert, before-mentioned, younger son of Walter Earl of
Rosmar, was styled De Elrois, and De Elroicis, and was father of
Reginald d'Evereux, his only son and heir, who, in 1 140, ^
gave ten marks of silver to that Monarch, and fifty marks of the
mean profits, for the recovery of his father's lands in Cornwall.
The said Reginald had also an only son and heir,

William d'Evereux, whose widow, Halewyse, " bestowed
on the monks of St. Peter's abbey, at Gloucester, certain lands,
called the Hyde, in Herefordshire, which Walter de Laci gave her
in marriage, King Henry II. confirming the grant.

Eustace d'Evekeux, s the only son and heir of William, in
the fifth year of King John's reign, impleaded Herbert Waleraa
for one knight's fee in Kine;ton,



k Dugd. Bar. vol. i. p. 174. c Ibid p i-j,

* Ibid p. 177- William, their grandson, left only a daughter and iicir.

c Rot. Pip. 5 Stcph. Cornub. f Monast, Angl. vol. i p. 115.

s Rot. Pip. 5 Joh Dors. Somerset.



VISCOUNT HEREFORD. t

Stephen d'Evereux, (or d'Ebrois, as sometimes wrote) only
Son of the said Eustace, attended King John in the expedition
into Poictou, '' in the fifteenth year of his reign ; and, having also
served King Henry III. in his wars against the Welch,' had, on
that account scutage of his tenants, in the counties of Gloucester
and Hereford, who held of him by military service. By Isabel,
his wife, he had a son,

Wflliam d'Eveheux, who, being one of the Barons Mar-
chers, !< fought for the said King Henry against the Welch j but
at the battle of Lewes, in Sussex, May 14th, 1264, he forsook
him,' and siding with Simon Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and his
partizans, was slain in the fight near Evesham, on August 4th,
1265. He married Maud, sister to Walter de GitFord, bishop of
Bath and Wells, and by her had an only son,

William : but, the father's lands being forfeited by his said
treason, the son was kept out of them, till making his composi-
tion at three years value, according to the dictum de Kenilivorth
(published on October 31st, 1266,) he obtained livery thereof.
This last mentioned William had summons to parliament, A. D.
1298; and by Alice, his wife, left a son.

Sir William"" d'Evereux, Knight, who wedded Alice,'*
daughter of , and by her was father of

Sir Walter Devereux, Knight, who, by Margery, his wife,
had two sons.

First, Sir John Devereux, his heir ; and.

Second, Sir William Devereux, seated at Bodenham (or Bo-
dynham) and Whitechurch, in Herefordshire, of whom after-
wards, as ancestor to the Viscounts Hereford.

Sir JoHx, the eldest son, married Margaret, daughter of John
Vere, Earl of Oxford; and by her (who had been successively
the widow of Sir Nicholas Lovain, of Penshurst in Kent, "and
Henry Lord Beaumont) had issue.

Sir John Devereux, and a daughter, Joan ; which

Sir JoHX, in the 40th of Edw. IIL engaged wit!) others of the
English and Gascoyners in the service of the Black Prince, in
Aquitaine, to go into Spain in assistance of Peter (surnamed tht

fc Claus 15 Joh. in Dors, m- 1. i Claiis 7 Hen. II I. m f, in Dors.

k Monast. Angl. vol. ii. p. 263. ' Pat ^i Hrn. III. m. ;j.

"1 These two generations arc emitted by Dn^dale, vol- ii. p 177.

" Lilly's Pcd. of the NoDility, MS

Sir John lived at Pcnshuvst, which he had licence to embattle in 10

Rich. II.



4 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Cruel) King of Castile, against Henry II, the bastard, newly legi-
timated by the Pope, o'ld to whom he had given that crown. He
was afterwards made Captain of Rochelle, and Seneschal of Li-
mosin: and in 1363 'i attended the Black Prince in G iscoigne,
and afterwards served in the wars in France ; as he did King
Richard II. in his fleet at sea, and also in his wars by land. After
being made a Knight Banneret, he was installed Knight of the
Garter, in the ninth year of that King ; in whose eleventh year
he was' made constable of Dover Castle, and warden of the
Cinque Ports; and joined in commission ' with Walter Skyrlaw,
bishop of Durham, and others, ta treat with the King of France
touching peace (being steward of the household at that time)
so likewise to treat with the Flemings on certain important affairs.

And having been summoned " to parliament, amongst the
Barons of this realm, from 8 Richard II. till the sixteenth inclu-
sive, died in 1394, the year following, and was buried in the Grey
Friers church, London ; whereupon Margaret his widow, daughter
of Sir John Barre, had ^ her dowry assigned her.

To him succeeded Sir John, his son and y heir, who died three
years after his father, without leaving any issue by Philippa his
wife, daughter of Guy, and grand-daughter and heir to Sir Guy
de Bryan ; and before he had accomplished his full age : upoa
which his sister, Joan, the wife of Sir Walter Fitz- Walter, became
hi heir.

Having thus done with the principal branch of this family,

we come to Sir William Devereux, Knight, of Bodynham and

White-church, before-mentioned, who was sheriff^ of the county

of Hereford in 13/1 and 1376, and, by Anne his wife, daughter

.4?f Su- John Barre, Knight, had issue

Sir Walter Deverlux, who, ^ in the 50th of Edward IIL
was .-sheriff of Here to rda hi re, as also the year after, and in ISjy^
obtained licence for a market and lair at his manor of Bodynham.
In 7 Rich. II. he married Agnes, d.uighter of Thonias Crophull,
cousin and heir to Sir John CrophuU, Kuight, in who-e right he
became seized of the manor of Weobiey in H^rciordshire, ai^d '^
died in 4 Henry IV. leaving issue four tons and two daugiuers,

1 Rot Vaic.42d\v. III. m. 4.

F.X Coll Tho Mellcr, Gen. p^t u r.ich. IT. p 2,m. 19.

t Rot. fianc i.^ Rich II. in z - Clai's Uj ii.d Aa-i in Dors.

X Clans. 17 Rich. II. in ,4. y liot I'iu z-j Jli.h ji in lO.

z. fwli.T'i Worthies in com. Ilercf, . Cart z Ri^h. linn.. .

Ciuiis. 7 kich. II. in. jo.



VISCOUNT HEREFORD. B

YiB. Walter, John, Richard, Thomas, Elizabeth, and Margaret.
He was succeedrd by his eldest son,

AV ALTER d'Evkrtju'x, then lifteen years of age, who, by EH.
iab'^th his wife, dangliter of Sir Thomas Bromwich, Knight, had
issue sir Walter, his son and heir, and a daughter Elizabeth^ mar-
ried to Melbcrne, Esq. which

Sir Walter was ^ tift-^en years old at the death of his father,
in H H nry VI. and by Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heir of
6ir .Toil II Merbiiry, Knight, had issue.

First, Sir Walter, his heir.

Second, Sir John.

Third, Anne, married to William Herbert, the first Earl of
Penibiokf ; and.

Fourth, Sibil, the wife of Sir James Baskerville, Knight.

This last mentioned Sir Walter "^ was married to Anr.e, sole
danghtt;r and heir to William Lord Ferrars de Chartlty : and in
3\ Hen. VI.' by the King's special lavour, he hsd livery of her
lands. ri)is match may be said to have laid the foundation for
the great honours the family has since attained to; for this lady
not only brought a very large inheritance, but an ancient Bnrony,
and a descent in blood from the illustrious family of Ferrars, E;irl3
of Derby and Barons of Chart ley.

In 1456, he was sheriff of Herefordshire, " being then a Knt. ;
and on July 26th, 1461 , p was sammoned to parliament as a Baron
of ihis rralm, by the title of Lord Ffrraus ; also, in farther re-
compence ' of his manifold services, vast expenses, ind sundry
perils in the wavs against King Henry VI. u herein he iiad exposed
himself, he obtained a grant the same year, of divers mancjis, lord-
6hips, &c. Likciwise in 14/0, in consideration ' of liis taithful
servirr^K, tip had a grant for lite of the coumy of Catrnjirvon, and
was madf^ chief forester of S:iosvdon Hills in North Wal( s. In
the "^ame year he was insiallrd Kaight of the Garter: but ad-
hering afterwards to Rici)<ird III. he ' was slam with ,in;, on
August 2'id. 14b5, at Boswoith tic'ld; leaving issue, John, h;9
heir, ti-.en a knight. Sir Richard, Sir 'I'lioniiis. ai.d a uanghtfr
Elizabeth, married to Sir Richard Corbet, of jVIorton-Corbi t, in



< Esc 4 Hen. IV. m. g. * F;,c 14 Hen VI,

r l.sc 28 Hen. VI n. ^z ' Clans 31 lu.'.ry V ' ni- 5.

Rot Fin. .;4 IL-n. V!. ni 6- Orit- 1 t . n^ i ^ Kji 94.

' I'at. 10 i^dw. IV. in. 6 "^ Ji\ Col- 1 ho. .\itikr.

' Po!. Virg. p. 564.



6 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

Shropshire; and, secondly, to Sir Thomas Leighton, ofWatles-
borough in the said county.

John, the eldest son, second, of the name. Lord Ferrau*
OF Chartlev, was summoned to parliament from"" 3 Hen. VII.
till the twelfth; and wedding Cecilie, daughter to Henry Bour-
chier, sister and heir of Henry her brother. Earl of Essex, mater-
nally descended from Thomas Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester,
youngest son of Edward III. left issue, by her, Walter his only
son and heir, and a daughter, Anne, married to Henry Lord
Clifford.

Which Walter, third Lord Ferrars, and first Vis-
count Hereford, in 2 Henry VIII." was joint governor of
Warwick-castle, and served that King in his wars with France,
in several expedition-. ; and in that sea-tight with the French near
Conquet in Britanny : whereupon, for his gallant behaviour, he
was elected" on July 13th, 1523, one of the Knights compa-
nions of the Garter; and in 1525, f constituted justice of South
Wales.

In 36 Henry VIII. he was with the Kingi at the taking of
Boulogne; and on February 2d, 1549-50, was, in'' considf ration
of the laudable and acceptable services he had performed, as also
in regard of his prudence, loyalty, and valour, advanced to the
dignity of Viscount Hereford, and to his hrirs male for ever,
with an annual rent of twenty marks out of the profits of the
county of Hereford. In the patent is a clause, that " he and his
heirs male should enjoy the rank and degree of Viscount Here-
ford, in all parliaments and councils within the realm of England,
and other the King's territories and kingdoms," whereby (accord-
ing to the opinion of^ Sir Richard St. George, garter kino^ at
arms) the Viscounts Hereford were entitled to a seat, as well in the
parliament of Ireland as England. He died on September 27th,
155S, as appears' by inquisition taken at Brecknock, on January
20th, 1560-1," seized of the manors of Pipton, alias Pixton, Pen-
kelly, Anglicana, and Liinthomas, in the parish of Haytt, in the
county of Brecon ) Walter, son of Sir Richard Devereux, being

n Claus. iisd Am in Dors. " Pat. 2 Hen. VIII p. 3.

" Appendix in Ashmole's Order of the Garter, n. 26.

f Pat 17 Ken VIII. p. 2. ') Herbert's Hist, of Hen. VIII. p-5ii.

r Pat. 4 Edward VI p. 8.

8 Nobility Creations, &c. MS- penes Joh. Vicecom. Percival.

Cole's Esc Jib. v. p. 354, n. 61, A. 16, in Bibl Harlcy.

u Buswell's Hist, of the Garter.



VISCOUNT HEREFORD. 7

found to be his grandson and heir, and of the age of nineteen, on
September 6th, before the taking of the inquisition. This Walter,
the first .ViscoMPt, was buried at Stow, " com. Stafford.

He had issue, by Mary his first wife, daughter of Thomai
Grey, Marquis of Dorset, three sons, viz.

First, Henry, who died unmarried.

Second, Sir Richard Devcreux, Knight, y who died in hit
lifetime ; and.

Third, Sir William Devereux, Knight, who married Jane,
daughter of John Scudamore, of Home Lacy, in com. Heref.
Esq. and left issue two daughters his coheirs, viz. Barbara Deve-
reux, who was first manied to Edward Cave, Esq. and afterwards
to Sir Edward Hastings, Knight, fourth son to Francis, the second
Earl of Huntington ; and Margaret Devereux, married to Sir Ed-
ward Littleton, of Pillaton-hall, in com. Staff. Knight, great grand-
father to Sir Edward Littleton, of the same place, Bart,

The said Sir Walter Dcivereu.x, Viscount Hereford, by his
second wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert Garnish, of Kenton in
Suffolk, had a son. Sir Edward Devereux, seated at Castle- Brom-
u'ich in the county of IVariv'ick, of whom afterwards as continuator
of the male line.

Sir Richard Devereux, eldest surviving son before-men-
tioned, by the first wife, died in his father's lifetime, on October
I3th, 154", ^ possessed of the manor of Bodenham in Hereford-
shire, as appears by inquisition taken at Hereford, on July 22d,
1450, and by Dorothy his wife, eldest daughter of George, the first
Earl of Huntington, he had issue, Walter, his son and heir, at
the time of his decease eight years and ten months old.

He had also another son, Sir George Devereux, Knight, and
two daughters ; Elizabeth, married to Sir John Vernon, of Hod-
net, Knight; and Anne, the wife of Henry Clifford.

He was interred at Allhallows-Barkin, near the Tower,
London.

Walter, second Viscount Hereford, and nusT Earl of
Essex, the eldest son, was born about 1540, at his grandfather's
castle in Carmarthenshire, and educated in his youth with all the
care due to his high birth. Succeeding his grandfather in the



x In wliich parish Chartlcy castle is situated. See Pennant's Journey to
London.

r Cole's E^c lib. V. p. 354, n 6i, A i6, in Bibl Harlcy.
- Cole, ib. p. io.



8 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

nineteenth year of his age, and being early distinguished for his
modesty, learning, and loyalty;, he stood in high favour with his so-
vereign Queen Elizabeth. On the rebellion of the Earls of North-
umberland and Westmoreland in the North, in 156g, he shewed
his duty by raising a considerable body of forces, with which he
did good service against them. This behaviour so recommended
him to tlie Queen, that he was created Earl of Essex, on May
4th, 15/2, being likewise styled Earl of Eu, Viscount Hereford,
Lord Ferrers of Chartley, BourcMer, and Lovain, and Knight of
the Garter.

In 1573, he obtained leave of Queen Elizabeth, to make an
expedition against the Irish rebels, " following therein," says
Camden, " the council of those, who desired, above all things, to
have him farther off, and to plunge him into danger, under pre-
tence of procuring him honour, which he knew well enough ; but
being a stirring man, and one not unacquainted with warlike dis-
cipline from his very youth, he held on his resolution," &c.
Matters turned out as was predicted : he fell a sacntice to this
undertaking, at Dublin, September 22d, iSjG, in the flower of
his age. " A very excellent man," says Caaiden, " he certainly
was, in whoai i^onesty of carriage vied with nobnity of birth :
both which, notwirhslanding, could not prevail against envy. For,
aft'-r he was consualncd to give over his laudable enterprize in
Ireland, he returned a) England, having much wasted his estate ;
when openly th.eatcning Leicester, whom he suspected to have
done liso injuries, lie was by Ijis cunning court tricks, who stood
in fear of imn, and by a peculiar court-mystery, of wounding and
overthrowing men by honours, sent back agoin into Ireland, with
the insignificant title of Earl Marshal of Irela.id. Where, pining
away w'thgrici iukI sorrow, he pious'./ rendered his soul to Christ,
dy:! -^ of a bloody flux, in the midst of gri;.vous torments 3 after
he had de-ired the standcrs-Ly, to admonish his son, who was then
scarce ten y- ,-.-, old, to hav' always oefore his eyes, the sixand-
thii deth year 01 his age, which neitlicr he, nor his lather had
passed, and whii.h his son nevfr attained to." Camden adds
" that his death carried with it a su-^picion of poison ; but that the
lord 0';L.ty, Sir Heuiy Sidney, aftc. Line inquiry, could not dis-
cover sullicitnt grounds tor the suspicion ; though it was after-
wards mucli increased by Leice tor's casting oif Douglas Sheffield
by 'vhoni he hud a son, and suddenly marrying Essex's widow," '^

B Camden's Eliz. in Kennctj vol ii p. 4c;7.



VISCOUNT HEREFORD. 9

" There is nothing more certain," says the writer of bis life ia
the Biographia Britannica, " either from the public histories, or
private memoirs and letters of that age, than that this noble Earl
was one of the worthiest, honestest, and best of men : one, who
in his public capacity shewed himself a stout soldier, a loyal sub-
ject, and a most disinterested patriot, as in his private life he wa^
of a cheerful temper, kind, affectionate, and beneficient to all who
were about him, and to say much in a little compass, one com-
mended by all parties ; and to whose prejudice there is not tho
slightest insinuation to be met with in all the papers of those
times." ''

He died at Dublin in Ireland, on September 22d, 1576j and
was buried at Caermarthen in South Wales. ^

Lettice, his wife, was daughter t9 Sir Francis Knolles, Knight
of the Garter, (and sister to William, the first Earl of Banbury,
and was after his decease married to Robert Earl of Leicester, and
thirdly, to Sir Christopher Blount, Knight. ') She died December
25th, 1634, and was buried at Warwick.

By her he left issue three sons and two daughters, viz.

First, Robert, his successor.

Second, Walter, slain at the siege of Rouen, ^ without issue.

Third, Francis, who died young.

Penelope, married '^successively to Robert, Lord Rich, and, in
1605, to Charles Blount, Earl of Devonshire ; and

Dorothy, wedded firsts in July, 15S3, at Broxbourne, in Hert-
fordshire, to Sir Thomas Perrot, Knight, which match being
deemed beneath her dignity, and proving unhappy, Dr. Aylnier,
bishop of London, was summoned before the council, and much
blamed at court for granting the licence for their marriage ; she



b Dr. Kippis speaks of a letter of his to the council, preserved in the
Sidney papers, resenting the ill-usage he received in Ireland, as admirably
written, and a i)roof of the Earl's great abilities, and the perfection to which
the English language was carried at that time.

c There is a good portrait of him in Holland's Heroologia-
d Vincent's Peerage, Title Essex.
His father is said to have originally conceived a higher opinion of liis
abilities, than of those of his elder brother. Gcrvasc Markham wrote aa
elegy on his premature dcatli.

f She was divorced from Lord Rich, by whom she had lord Warwick and
lord Holland. But the " grief of this unhappy love is said to have brought
her last husbafid to his end, i6c6." See Memoirs of Kingjanica's Tacr?,
vol.] p. jS.

t life of Bishop Aylnicr, p. 197 and 3;6,



to PEERAGE OF ENGLAND.

outlived Sir Thomas, and was secondly married to Henry Percy>
Earl of Northumberland.

RoBKHT, eldest son, became third Viscount HEREFORn, and
SECOND Earl of Essex. He was born at Nethwood, or (Nether-
wood) in Herefordshire. He was Knight of the Garter, privy-
counsellor, master of the horse, earl marshal of England, lord
deputy of Ireland, chancellor of the University of Cambridge, a
renowned statesman and soldier, and, after the death of Robert
Dudley, Earl of Lt^icester, became the most intimate favourite of
Queen Elizabeth. His history cannot be comprised in a nanovr
compass; for it is almost the history of the latter part of this
heroine's reign. His character has been drawn by various writers ;
and touche-d with much acuteness and originality, by the late Lord
Orford. But, after all, perhaps, we may advantageously recur to
the account of old Camden. He says, " he was, indeed, a most
accomplished person, and had all those qualities in perfection,
that become a nobleman. He was bred up, in his younger years,
at Cambridge, where he devoted himself to the study of humanity
and religion ; and, being introduced to the Queen, by his father-
in-law, the Earl of Leicester, it was with some difficulty he raised
himself to the condition of a favourite, the Queen happening to
have no great respect for his mother. But he had no sooner
wrought himself into her Majesty's esteem, by a deportment that



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