Arthur Hastings Grant.

The American city online

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In popular style the author first writes of the great
need for town planning in Australia, giving a sum-
mary of town planning in ancient times, the progress
made in England, France and Germany, and "The
Tragedy of Washin^on City." Australia's unusual op-
portunity for building a capital on virgin soil is then
discussed, with a detailed description of the prize
plan of Walter Burley Griffin, briefer mention (with
illustrations) of the second and third prize plans,
and a section devoted to the composite plan finally
adopted. Gary, Ind., and Forest Hills, L. I., are
described in subsequent chapters, and the remainder
of the volume takes up special problems such as
water, sewerage, lighting, transportation, heights ot
buildinpis, financial aspects of city planning, and or-
ganization and administration, concluding with gen-
eral remarks on the ideal city and how to attain it.

MoTT, Frank K., Mayor of Oakland, Cal.
A Review of Municipal Activities in the
City of Oakland, California, 1905-19x5.

191 5. 46 pp. (Supply limited.) Free



Snedden^ David» Commissioner of Education

for Massachusetts,
Weeks, Ruth Mary, and
CuBBERLEY, Ellwood P., Profcssor of Educa-
tion in Leland Stanford Junior Uni-
versity.
Vocational Education: Its Theory,
Administration and Practice. (Three
Studies originally published in separate
volumes of the Riverside Educational
Monographs.) 1914. 401 pp. $1.30

The three articles in this volume embrace a general
program or plan for future vocational education or-
ganization, an intensive study of vocational educational
methods as applied in public schools, and an exposition
of the work that has been done in rural schools and
the steps necessary to make the results more far-
reaching. Mr. Snedden ("The Problems of Vocational
Education") takes up the historical aspect, defines vo-
cational education and shows the present need for it,
discusses state support^ types of vocational education,
co5peration of agencies, relation of vocational to
cultural education, and types of schools. Miss Weeks
("The People's School: A Study in Vocational Train-
ing") goes into the details of the organization and
management of trade and industrial schools in Europe
and America, and formulates a definite ideal type of
trade scho^Lior guidance in future efforts. The final
article by Mr. Cubberley ("The Improvement of t(ural
Schools") shows how rural schools have been neg-
lected. There is need for fundamental changes in ad-
ministration, and to effect this the states must be per-
suaded to expend more money. The author further
discusses the organization and supervision of rural
schools. The three articles together form an interesting
and comprehensive exposition of the subject, and each
of the authors appears to have a profound sense of the
importance of vocational education in modern life.

Mawson, Thomas H. & Sons, Landscape
Architects.
Exeter of the Future. (A Policy of Im- ^
provement Within a Period of 100 Years.)
Quarto. 34 pp. Illustrated. 75 cents

Proposals for giving to Exeter a dignified monument
expressive of its corporate civic existence and com-
parable in beauty ana magnitude to the ancient Ca-
thedral, form the theme of this report, which is in no
sense intended to take the place of a general town

Rlanning scheme. The main feature discussed is the
funicipal Center. Then follow plans for a new rail-
way station with appropriate surroundings. In con-
clusion there are jgiven miscellaneous suggestions, and
a chapter on suitable connections between the Ca-
thedral and the rest of the civic scheme. The report
is distinguished by unusual charm and interest. It
emphasizes the fact that no part of a city can exist
for itself alone, but helps to make or mar the
whole.

Price, L. L., M.A.

Co-operation and Co-partnership. Glas-
gow. 1 91 4. 264 pp.

Half the volume is devoted to a discussion of the
factors to which cooperation and copartnership owe
their origin, the various theories of leaders who
advocated them, and the respects in which, as worked
out in Great Britain, they have failed to meet in-
ordinate expectations. Part two takes up concrete
instances of successful experiments, analyzing, in
particular, the principles of the Rochdale plan, and
giving an account of the English and Scottish cooper-
ative wholesale societies. The methods of other
cooperative socities are more briefly included, and the
meaning of the terms "copartnership," "coopera-
tion," profit-sharing," and "industrial partnership" is
discussed.

Committee on Training for Public Service,

Columbia University.

Report of the Committee on Training

for Public Service. March 27, 191 5. 16

pp. (Supply limited.) Free



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Sixteen IS-Ught WettinghovMe-Cooper-HewUt Rectifler Conttant Current Trantformm
inttatted in the Piueburgh Munlelpat plant.



The Best Evidence of Satisfactory Service

THE Pittsburgh Municipal Light Plant has
had in service for the past five years a
Westinghouse Metallic Flame Arc Lighting
System, consisting of 1200 lamps and sixteen
75-light Westinghouse Cooper Hewitt Rectifier
Constant Current Transformers.



The performance of this equipment has been so
eminently satisfactory that, in extending the service, an
order was recently placed for an additional equipment
of 900 Metallic Flame Arc Lamps and twelve 75-light
Rectifier Constant Current Transformers of the same |
type.

Catalogue Section DS-290 gives full particulars
about Westinghouse Metallic Flame Arc Lamps

®Westinghonse Electric & Mfg. Co
SftleiOfficesinAULaigeGtiet. EAST PITTSBURGH, PA.



Wettin^hoyae
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September, 1915 THE AMERICAN CITY



265



The American Academy of Political and
Social Science.
Readjustments in Taxation. (The An-
nals for March, 1915.) 275 pp.

Paper, $x.oo; Cloth, $1.50

An introductory chapter by Prof. Edwin R. A.
Seligman of Columbia University outlines the mod-
cm tendencies of taxation systems in America and
describes the need for more centralized control in
matters of taxation, for separation of local and state
revenues, and for a classified property tax. Sectional
associations of tax commissions are especially recom-
mended. The remaining discussions take up specihc
problems of national, state and local taxation. Among
those of particular interest from a local point of view
ma^ be mentioned the following: "Taxation of Public
Utilities," by Delos F. Wilcox; "The Disproportion
of Taxation in Pittsburgh." by Shelby M. Harrison;
"Reduction of Tax on Buildings in the City of New
York," by Edward Polak; "The Houston Plan ot
Taxation," by J. J. Pastoriza. One chapter sum-
marizes the work accomplished by various state tax
commissions, giving interesting figures.

Ives, George, M. A.

A History of Penal Methods. (Crim-
inals, Witches, Lunatics.) Printed in
Great Britain. 1914. 409 pp. $3.16

Part of the author's task has been "to analyze the
theories and assumptions on which the criminal laws
are founded, and to exhibit their falsity." In this
connection many instances of revolting and barbaric
punishments are described. In the second place he
endeavors to show the forces which play on people,
the usual resistance, and the resultant conduct, with
the purpose of aiding in classifying offenders on ra-
tional principles, in order that each may receive the
treatment proper to his condition. His constructive
suggestions are in favor of probation, parole, educa-
tional work in reformatories, parole on conditional
release, humane and patient care of discharged men,
and asylum treatment of those who cannot safely be
restored to freedom.

Lytton, Constance, and

Warton, Jane, Spinster.

Prisons and Prisoners. (Some Personal
Experiences.) 1914. 337 pp. Portraits.

Sx.xo

A personal account of four imprisonments under-

fone by Lady Constance Lytton as a militant suf-
ragette, first under her own name and later under
the assumed name of Jane Warton. The sinctrity. im-
pressionability, and refinement of the writer's person-
ality make her analysis of the effects of prison life
uRpn the individual of unusual appeal.. Imprisonment
was sought for the purpose of studying these effects.
The narrative is of interest as a contribution to lit-
erature upon prison reform, as a plea for militant
suffragism. and as a study in psychology.

Kellaway, Hebert J., Landscape Architect >

R A. S. L. A.

How to Lay Out Suburban Home

Grounds. Second Edition, Enlarged. 191 5.

134 PP- Illustrated. $21.15

Landscape ai'chitecture as a practical art becomes
each jrear more universal, not only in the large public
and private underUkings, but also in less pretentious
suburban homes. It is this latter class of dwellings
with which the book is concerned. The prospective
horoc'builder should first exercise care in the selec-
tion of the site and not be too hasty to start construc-
tion. In every locality there is a need for initial plan-
ning, for esthetic as well as economic reasons, and
each site presents conditions and opportunities of
which advantage should be taken in the development
The various steps in the above process are discussed
in fourteen profusely illustrated chapters, and a thou-
sand hints and suggestions are included which cover
every phase of garden planting and arrangement, the
choice of shrubs, plants and trees, disposition of
hedges, how to make lawns, and the use of architec-
tural adornments.



American Association for Study and Pre-
vention OF Infant Mortality.
Transactions of the Fifth Annual Meet-
ing. (Held in Boston, November 12-14,
1914.) 1915. 391 pp. $3.12

''Saving the babies and teaching the mothers" is
the theme taken up in this volume under the four
main divisions of Frenatal Care, Obstetrics, Public
School Education, and Nursing and Social Work. In
the main, the work to be done is regarded as dis-
tinctly a public health problem. The reader gains a
first-hand idea, from those who have been most
prominent in this new and important movement, of the
progress that has been made and of the lines along
which it is desirable to direct future efforts. Among
the many interesting papers may be mentioned "The
Development of prenaUl Care in the United. States,"
b/ Mrs. Max West of the Federal Children's Bureau
at Washington, and "Some Possibilities of the Public
Schools in Reducing Infant Morulity," by David
Snedden, Ph. D., Commissioner of Education in Mas-
sachusetts.

PiCHT, Dr. Werner.

Toynbee Hall and the English Settle-
ment Movement. (Revised edition, trans-
lated from the German by Lilian A.
Co well, Girton College, Cambridge.)
London, 1914. xii + 248 pp. 2 charts.

$133

An historical and critical account of the English
settlement movement, with special reference to Toyn-
bee Hall, the "Mother of Settlements." Excursus I
contains a detailed historv of the University Exten-
sion movement, and explains why it has failed to
reach the working man. In Excursus II is shown how
this problem has been solved by the Workers' Edu-
cational Association. The appendix gives a list ot
settlements in Great Britain, with a short description
of each.

Bosanquet, Helen, LL. D.

Social Work in London (1869-1912): A
History of the Charity Organization
Society. 1914. x + 420 pp. Frontispiece.

$3.13

The first part of the volume chronicles the ori^n
and internal development of the Charity Organization
Society. In part two is' developed the wider theme
of the principles which the Society translates into ac-
tion, and their application to the problems of London
life. Under this section are included activities in
connection with housing and sanitation; the care ot
the defective, the sick, the poor, children; pensions;
winter distress; and miscellaneous needs. The his-
tory is authorized, though not official. It puts the
reader in touch with most of the philanthropic
movements in London, voluntary and official, during
the last half century.

Dearle, N. B., M. a., Shaw Research Student
of the London School of Economics and
Political Scienccr 1907-9.
Industrial Training. (With Special Ref-
erence to the Conditions Prevailing in
London.) Studies in Economics and Po-
** ' litical Science, No. 39, London ^chool of
Economics. London, 1914. xiii -|- 596
pp. ^'. $a.8o

Based upon a study of actual conditions in the lead-
ing trades in Greater London. The author, after set-
ting forth his problem, analyzes the four main meth-
ods of acquiring a trade, namelv, "regular service,"
"migration/' "following up," and "picking up,** com-
paring their relative valuer He then devotes a num-
ber or chapters to actual conditions in London, sum-
ming up his conclusions in a final chapter entitlWl
"The Needs of the Future." The fact • that almost
every form of industry is to be found in London,
carried on in establishments of various sizes, maker
this study of particularly wide interest.



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THE AMERICAN CITY




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Catalog No. 14 will
furnish good suggestions
for your selections.

GIANT MFG. CO., 240 So. Main, CouncU BlnffSt Iowa



The Fence Beautiful and Substantial



Your first conaderation m busring fence should
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Methods, Materials and Appliances

News from Engineers, Manufaurturers and Supply Houses










r



BARNEY OLDFIELD RACING WITH THOMPSON AT THE FIRESTONE PICNIC



The Institute of Paving Brick
Manufacturers

Like most organizations that fill a real need
this institute is less the result of a deliberate
• plan on the part of an organizer than the out-
growth of a spontaneous desire on the part of
certain manufacturers for more intensive prac-
tical study into brick-making problems. Cer-
tain conferences held at the time of the Detroit
meeting resulted in the appointment of a meet-
ing in Youngstown on May 25. Officers were
elected there and a committee appointed to
draw up a constitution and by-laws, which
were adopted in a meeting at Canton on
June 29.

The next meeting will occur at Alton, 111.,
on September 22. The place is selected with
a view to the opportunity it affords to visit the
plant of the Alton Brick Company. It has be-
come the rule of the Institute to combine plant
inspection with theoretical study, and its in-
vestigations at Alton will be a continuance of
those pursued at the plants of the Bessemer
Limestone Company in Youngstown and the
Metropolitan Paving Brick Company in
Canton.

At the forthcoming Alton gathering inspec-
tion will occupy the day and the meeting will
be held in the evening. A paper upon electric
drives in paving brick plants by Eb. Rodgers
will be a feature of this meeting.

The organization of this institute is an evi-
dence of the new day that has dawned in com-
petitive industry, a day when competitors take
mutual pride in the advance of their profes-
sion, and realize that more is to be made by
each through a reputation for good service



accruing to all than through jealousies and
secrecy. The Institute is advancing one of the
cardinal objects of the National Paving Brick
Manufacturers Association and has its hearty
approval and cooperation.

The Firestone Picnic

Firestone Tire & Rubber Company has be-
gun the publication of a new house organ,
"The Firestone," and the August number con-
tains an interesting description of the annual
Firestone Picnic (attended by 15,000 "Fire-
stoneites"), with pictures of the day's sports.
Barney Oldfield in his Fiat Cyclone is shown
racing with De Lloyd Thompson, the aviator,
in his aeroplane. Other entertainment, such
as ball games, races and water sports is vividly
described and portrayed.

Philadelptiia Office for Austin-Western

The Austin- Western Road Machinery Com-
pany, of Chicago, 111., has opened an office
in Philadelphia at 314 Bulletin Building for
the further convenience of its customers and
others in that territory. Mr. E. M. Terwil-
liger, who has had many years' experience in
the road machinery, and more especially in
the road roller business, has been placed in
charge of the office.

4* 4*

Street Lighting Poster

The King Foundry Company, of St. Louis,
Mo., has prepared an illustrated poster for
distribution which advantageously displays
its line of new standards for street lighting.



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THE AMERICAN CITY




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Every size of pipe from 3 to 48 inches
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We have the largest stock of special

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Cutting-in the flanged and threaded
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Shipment from Chicago, Coshocton or
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JAMES B.CLOW&SONS

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TIME ALOHE CM TELL

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Book D is a good way to get
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he Fibre Conduit Co«

OraBgeburgy N. Y.
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Ornamental

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but they do far more.
They help make your
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This, particular de-
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57



When writing to Advertisers please mention The American igClS^ by VjOO^IL



Sept., 1915 NEWS FROM ENGINEERS AND MANUFACTURERS



269



Cop3rright,
ThomM A. Edison



Out of the Ruins

The fire which partially
destroyed the Edison
Phonograph Works in De-
cember, 1914, resulted in
Thomas A. Edison conceiv-
ing the idea of a storage
battery searchlight for use
in connection with fire-fight-
ing work at night. This
searchlight equipment, as
shown in the illustration
herewith, consists of a 20-
inch incandescent search-
light with a 750-watt Mazda
nitrogen-filled lamp, having
a mean candle-power of
1,500 and giving a reflected
intensity at the axis of the
beam of i,ioo,oco candle-
power. By means of an ad-
justable focussing attach-
ment the beam may be con
centrated to penetrate dense
smoke. Or, by giving a wide
angle, it will flood the sides
of large buildings with light.

The Edison storage bat-
tery searchlight, whether
used in the form of an indi-
vidual unit as shown or at-
tached to the fire apparatus,
provides a safe and certain
illumination at an instant's notice with no cost
maintenance except a few cents, once or twice
a year, for charging current— unless, of course,
the lamp is being used. The perfected Edison
storage battery searchlight is now ready for
sale to municipal fire departments or private
factory and industrial works owners. Further
descriptive matter and illustrations may be
secured from the Edison Storage Battery
Company, Orange, N. J.

An Economical Fire Fighter

The Davis Sewing Machine Company, of
Da>-ton, Ohio, has published a. new booklet de-
scriptive of the Dayton Tfi-Car Chemical,
which is intended either as the ideal light
equipment for metropolitan fire departments,
or else as a complete fire-fighting outfit for
small cities. No matter what the population
of your municipality, if you are interested in
fire protection, you will find this booklet of
considerable interest. The up-keep expense
of the Dayton Tri-Car Chemical is very
low. The cost of renewing tires is not more
than one-fifth of that for heavier motor appa-
ratus. Each machine is equipped when it
leaves the factory with Dayton airless tires
of special fire truck type, which are puncture-
proof. Other makes of tires are optional.
The chemical tanks may be recharged at the
mere cost of the chemicals — about 60 cents per
charge. Add to this a small amount for oil
and gasoline and you have practically all of the
jTiaintenance expense.



EDISON'S NEW INVENTION TO AID IN
FIRE FIGHTING

Grand Prize for Road
Macliinery Exiiibit

The Austin-Western Road Machinery Com-
pany exhibit at the Panama-Pacific Exposition
has been awarded the Grand Prize for the col-
lective exhibit. This is unique, in the fact that
it is the only Grand Prize for road machinery
offered in the entire Exposition, so that no
other individual road-making machine or col-
lective road-making machines can receive such
a high honor as this.

In addition to this special Grand Prize, the
Medal of Honor has been awarded to the
Austin and Western elevating graders, Austin
gyratory crushers, Austin motor rollers, Austin
street sprinklers and sweepers, Austin com-
bined sprinkler and sweeper; and the Gold
Medal has been awarded to this company's
dump cars, jaw crushers, ditching machines,
road graders, plows, reversible horse rollers,
street oilers and motor lawn mowers, making
a total of 16 prizes, viz. : the special Grand
Prize and 15 medals.

4* 4*

A Change of Name

The Pacific Tank & Pipe Company, of Port-
land, Ore., has chancfed its name to the Na-
tional Tank & Pipe Company. The personnel
of the new corporation remains the same and
all water-works officials interested in the sub-
ject of wood water pipe are requested to keep
the name and address of the National Tank &
Pipe Company in mind when seeking quota-
tions and information relative to this product.



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THE AMERICAN CITY

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68 When writing to Advertisers please mention The American City,

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iEPT., 1915 NEWS FROM ENGINEERS AND MANUFACTURERS



271



A Goodyear Gavel

When President T. J.
Gough was about to call to
order the Ohio Fireman's
Association Convention at
Bellaire, Ohio, on August 3,
after surveying the top of
the table with a worried
and disappointed look for
a gavel with which to bring
the chatting firemen to at-
tention, and which the com-
mittee evidently overlooked,
the irrepressible I. E. Da-
vies, of The Goodyear Tire
& Rubber Company, of Ak-
ron, Ohio, saw an opportunity to render a
valuable service to the Association.

Fishing from his pocket a section of Good-
year cushion tire mounted on a wooden base,
Davies marched up the aisle to the president's
table and deposited his offering there, to the



Online LibraryArthur Hastings GrantThe American city → online text (page 48 of 102)