Arthur Horton Locke.

A history and genealogy of Captain John Locke (1627-1696) of Portsmouth and Rye, N.H., and his descendants; also of Nathaniel Locke of Portsmouth, and a short account of the history of the Lockes in England online

. (page 54 of 70)
Online LibraryArthur Horton LockeA history and genealogy of Captain John Locke (1627-1696) of Portsmouth and Rye, N.H., and his descendants; also of Nathaniel Locke of Portsmouth, and a short account of the history of the Lockes in England → online text (page 54 of 70)
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the Holy Spirit, on the holy day of Pentecost, descended with fiery tongues
on the same disciples; and Olivet, the mountain whence he miraculously as-
cended into heaven; the tomb of the chaste Virgin Mary, situated in the
midst of the valley of Jehosaphat, and Bethany also, — Bethlehem, the City
of David, in which he was born from the most pure Virgin Mary, and then
was laid in a Manger — and besides other such places as well within as with-
out the city of Jerusalem, in the Holy Land of Judea, as are customarily
visited by modern travellers, he most devoutly visited, and in like manner
worshipped. In attestation of which, I, brother Anthony, of Bergamos, of
the order of younger brothers belonging to the regular attendance. Vicar, (per-
chance unworthy), of the Convent of Mount Sion. in the province of the
godlike Saint Anthony, also by apostolical authority, a commissary and rector
of other places in the Holy Land, have willed that this certificate should be
confirmed by the greater seal of our office, and by our subscription.

Given at the most holy chamber of the Lord, on the often memorable
Mount Sion, in the year of our Lord one thousand five hundred and fifty-
three, on the sixth day of the month of September.

Brother Anthony, as above.

In 1554, "A voyage to Guinea was set out by Sir George Barne, Sir John
Yorke, Thomas Locke [son of Sir William] Anthonie Hickman [who m. Rose,
dau. of Sir William] and Edward Casteline, the Captain whereof was Mr. John
Locke [son of Sir William]. It consisted of two ships of seven score tons each,
and one of ninety tons." A history of this voyage is to be found in Hakluyt,
by J. Locke.

Henry Lock, prob. gr. son of Sir William, was employed by Queen Elizabeth;
letters of "instructions" to him in 1592 are in the Cottonian Library.

(a) Michael Lok, a citizen of London, dedicated this Chart to the illustrious Sir Philip

Sidney: 1582.

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Thomas Locke was connected with the Court of James L

Thomas Locke, of Merton. — Lyson, in his Environs of London, says, that
"Edward IIL granted the Rector^' of Merton belonging to a former Abbey of
that name to Thomas Locke, about 1291." Here is an error, evidently, as the
reign of Edward IIL did not begin till 1327. Manning, in his History of the
County of Surrey, within which is Merton, says of Merton Place, "Near the
church is a large old mansion, which has been known from time immemorial
by the name of Merton Place. In the year 1499, John Locke and Jane his
wife, became possessed of it, [prob. by inheritance] in whose family it con-
tinued until the year 1646, when John, a remote descendant of John above,
(and whose ancestors had in the meantime purchased the Impropriation of
the Rectory in 7 of Edward \ I.) conveyed it together with the Impropriation
to Catherine, sometime wife of Rowland Wilson of the Parish, but late [wife]
of John Highland, alderman of London."

From another source, not now recollected, I gather the following: "In the
time of Henry \TII. the Locke family possessed the Estate of Merton Hall.
Thomas Locke, Esq. was minister of Merton. In 7 of Edward VI. (1552-3)
the King by his letters patent dated 14 March, in consideration of the sum of
£359 granted unto Thomas Locke and Mar^- his wife forever, the Rectory of
the Church of Merton with the appurtenances, late parcel of the possessions
of the dissolved priory of Merton, to be holden of the King, his heirs and
successors, as of his manor of East Greenwich, in free socage and not in chief.
On 29 Oct. 1643, John Locke and Jane his wife mortgaged (and in 1646 con-
veyed the equity of redemption ofj the Recton.' with all the houses, &c. to
Catherine Highlord, the wid. of John Highlord, an alderman of London."

There seems to be some discrepancy in the dates, which may possibly be
reconciled in this way, viz. that a portion of the premises may have been
granted in 1291, and the remainder at a subsequent period. I think it is evi-
dent that they belonged to the Lockes before 1552, as the second wife of Sir
William Locke was buried there Oct. 14, 1537, and Sir William himself 1550.
The fact that his wife was buried there, and the similarity of Christian names,
leads me to suppose that Sir William was descended from the Thomas Locke
who was at Merton, 1291.

Merton Place subsequently became the property of Lord Nelson, who
bequeathed it to the lady of Sir William Hamilton. [See Lyson's Env'ns of

Nicholas Lock, merchant, was the lessee in 1694, of the property now known
as Chesterfield House, near Greenwich Park, which he held under the crown.
Philip, Earl of Chesterfield, afterwards resided there. [Lyson's Environs of

Zacharias Lok, Oct. 24, 1597, erected a monument in Christ's Church, Green-
wich, to the memory of his wife Dorothy, who d. Feb. 24, 1596, the dau. of
James Brampton, of Brampton, Norfolk. Henn.-, her son, was also buried
beside her.

"In the Parish Church of St. Mary Bow. London, is a monument to John
Locke one of the sheriffs of London, 1461." [See Stow's Survey of London.]
He was gr. father of Sir William.

"In Mercer's Chapel, Cheapside, London, is a monument to John Locke,
1519." He was prob. bro. of Sir William: left no issue. [Same.]

In same Church is a Monument to Sir William himself, 1550; "with his
Arms in the window." Both of these churches were destroyed in the great
fire of 1666. [Same.]

Ann Locke, dau. of Thomas, m. John Page. A sarcophagus to his memory,
in his pew in the Ch. at Harrow on the Hill, London. He has three hawks with
wings endorsed for Locke in his arms." [Lyson.] No date.

Thomas Lock, of Gray's Inn, London, m. at Prestwold, in Leicestershire,
Susannah, dau. of Sir William Welby, of Gedney, in the Co. of Lincoln, June 3,
1619. They had an only dau. [b. 1620, bap. at Merton?] who m. Rev. John
Carse, D. D.

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Thomas Locke, Gent, of Rochester, in Kent Co. purchased of John and
Robert Conny, the manor of Stockbury, in 1700. He d. Mh. 13, 1706, a. 42,
and his wid. Prudentia, with her three sons and co-heirs, in gavelkind, Robert,
Thomas and Henry, in 1723 sold the estate to Sir Roger Meredith, of Leeds
Abbey, Gent. The above Thomas, Sen"^. was buried in Rochester Cathedral,
and bore for his Arms— Parted per fesse azure and or, a pale counterchanged,
three falcons volant of the 2d. [Hasted's History of Kent.]

In the Ch. at Askerswell is a monument to William Locke, Sen"', Rector of
that Ch.; b. Dec. 26, 1634, d. Ap. 22, 1686, and to his son William, Jr. Rector
of Askerswell and Chilcomb, b. June 5, 1674, d. May 8, 1722; son and gr. son
of the Rev. John Locke, of Askerswell.

Daniel Locke, Fellow of Trinity Coll d. 1754; his monument is on the west
wall of the Chapel.

Elizabeth Judith, dau. of Robert Locke, of Dinton, in Wilts, m. Edward
Ashby, who was b. 1690, and d. 1775; their son. Rev. George Ashby, B. D. and
F. A. S. was Rector of Barrow, b. 1724, d. 1808; there is a monument to his
memory in the Ch. at Barrow. [Gage's His. of Suffolk. ]

William, son of Major William Locke, was buried at Southwark, Parish of
St. George, Jany. 7, 1667.

In All Saints Ch. Tottenham, Lon. is a monument to the memories of Rich-
ard Chandler, Esq. 1602 — Elizabeth, his wf. dau. and sole heir of Matthew
Locke, 2d son of Sir Wm. Locke, 1622 — Sir Ferdinand Heyborne, Gentleman
of the Privy Chamber to Queen Elizabeth and James I. 1618 — and Anne, his
wf. dau. and heir of Richard Chandler, 1615.

Thomas Locke was Mayor of High VVycombe, in Bucks, in time of Charles I.
[Lipscomb's His. of Bucks.]

Zachar>- Locke was mem. of Parliament for Southwark in 1700.

Mrs. Elizabeth Locke, an "Ancient Maid of Honor," d. Feb. i7io-ii,a. 106.

Samuel Locke was one of the Commissioners of Lieutenancy, in London,

Matthew Locke, a native of Exeter, was an eminent English Composer of
Music in Ordinary to Charles II. for whose public entry into London at the
Restoration he furnished the Music. He is known as the first who ever pub-
lished rules on thorough base in Eng. contained in a work, entitled "Melothe-
sia." He acquired great reputation for the composition of the music for
Shakespeare's and other tragedies, and subsequently was Organist for Queen
Catherine II. of Portugal; and it is represented that he became a papist, of
which there is some doubt. He d. 1677.

Queen Elizabeth, in 1573, granted her "dearly beloved Chaplain, Nicholas
Locke, Master of Arts, and Rector of the Parishes of St. Mary Trimley, St.
Martin, Trimley, and of Harksted, in Suffolk, license to remove and absent
himself from any one of said Rectorships."

The following are abstracts of Wills, proved at the Prerogative Olifice in
London: Richard Lock — will dated July 26, 1570, proved 1571, speaks of his
father and mother of Westminster; no names given.

Henry Lok, no place mentioned; (undoubtedly son of Sir William,) — will
dated Jany. 28, 1570, proved Oct. 31, 1571; wf. Anne, bro. Michael, Executor.

John Locke, of Bedminster, Co. of Somerset, sawyer — w*ill dated June 4,
1575, proved 1576. Speaks of his wf., and child not born, — chil. Jane and
Agnes— Margery Stokeman, his sister's dau. — bro. John, of Dondry, and chil.
one named John, — bro. Richard, whom he requests to be "good to our bro.

Nicholas Lock, of South Brent, Somersetshire, husbandman — will proved
1 58 1 — has wife Margaret — son Lewis — son John Gillenge — daus. Agnes and

William Lock, of Northmoulton, Devonshire, husbandman — will dated May
20, 1590 — had bro. John.

Jock Lock, of Northmoulton, husbandman — will dated Feb. 6, 1589, proved
1589 — had wf. Alice — sons John, Jeffrey, Richard, and Alexander — daus.
Jane, Grace, Maria, and Elizabeth the wf. of John Clement.

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John Lock, of Brinsworth, in the Parish of Northmoulton — will dated Mh.
27, 1590 — sons William and John — -daus. (Johan?) Sybil and Mary.

John Lock, of Northmoulton — will dated June i, 1593 — wf. Ureth — sons
Henry and John.

William Lock, of Northmoulton — will dated Sep. 20, 1594, witnessed by
Philip Locke — wf. Alice— sons Thomas and William — daus. Margaret and

Matthew Lock, of Merton, Co. Surrey — will dated May 14, 1598 — wf. Mar-
garet — sons Robert, Thomas, F"rancis and William — daus. Mary, Elizabeth and
Anne. To be buried at St. Thomas, of Aeon or Acres, in the Mercer's Chapel,
London, near his mother.

Zachary Lok — will dated Jany. 20, 1602 — to be buried in Mercer's Chapel,
near his gr. gr. father Thomas, and his gr. father. Sir William Lok — gives to
his father Michael, his seal of Arms — bros. Eleazer and Benjamin, bro. Jenny
and his wf. — and bro. Sanson. Mistress Ursula Johnson, whom he intends to
make his wife. Executrix.

Eleazer Lock — will dated Mh. 30, 1605 — to be buried in the Church of All
Hallows, Huntington — has bro. Benjamin — brother-in-law William Sanson —
■"brother Jenny and my sister" — speaks of his poor travelling brother.

Richard Lock, of the Cammandria, of Temple Combe, Co. Somerset — will
'dated Aug. i, 1605 — has chil. Richard Ryal, and William Lock — sisters Agnes
and Ellen— bro. Edward and his two sons — brothers John Lock the elder, and
John Lock the younger.

Benjamin Lock, of Bristol, merchant — will dated Jany. 6, 1605, proved 161 1
— being about to go beyond the seas — to be buried in Mercer's Chapel, London
— father Michael — bro. Sanson — bro. Jennj- — cousins Michael and Henr>'

William Lock, of Gerne Abbey, Dorsetshire, tanner — will dated Oct. 27, 161 1
— wf. Alice — sons Thomas, William and John — dau. Elizabeth — bro. Thomas
"Lock, of Brookhampton, and bro. Nicholas Lock, of Pensford.

John Lock, of Bristol, mariner — will dated Jany. 16, 1618 — to be buried in
the Ch. at Bedminster — wf. Anne — sons Edward and John — daus. Frances
and Eleanor.

Roger Lock, of Bristol, merchant — will dated Aug. 27, 1610, aged 30 — wf.
Elizabeth — father and mother Andrews — son Richard — father Richard — bro.
John — mentions Mathew Lock.

John Locke, of St. Martins, near Ludgate — will proved 1632 — had no chil.
— speaks of Sansford Peverill, in Devonshire, where he was born — had brothers
"Walter and Hugh — speaks of Thomas and William, sons of Nicholas Locke,
deceased — nephew John, and nephew John the elder, to whom he gave £300.
He was very wealthy, and gave £1000 to the Hospital in Bridewell, and to
Christ Hospital in London, the maintenance of two poor chil. from the Parish
of St. Michaels, Bassinghalls Church.

Lock, of Westminster, had no chil. — speaks of his bro. Nicholas, bro.

Thomas, and his son Thomas — will proved between 1628 and 1635.

John Locke, of Lambeth, Co. Surrey — will proved June 27, 1595 — had son
and dau. names not given — wf. Sarah.

John Locke, of Oxsted, Co. Surrey — will proved Dec. 4, 161 1 — had wf.
Elizabeth; son Thomas, daus. Agnes, Margaret and Mary — Thomas Lock,
gent. Exec'r.

Francis Locke, of Martin, Co. Surrey, gent. — will dated Nov. 25, 1621;
proved Dec. 14, 1621; wf. Ellen, and her three children Edward, John, and
Miles Atlee, to have an estate in Dutchett in Buckinghamshire.

George Lock by will, when not known, gave interest of £20 for the poor of
the parish of All Saints in Dorsetshire.

In the Gentlemen's Magazine, vol. 69, 1799, it is stated that about 1630
several persons of the name of Locke resided at Pool, in Somersetshire, who
were chiefly commanders of merchant ships, and had landed property near
Salisbury and Hindon, that in Particular Robert Locke was one of this family.

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and gave precisely the same arms as John Locke; he lived at Berwick, St.
Leonards, and Dinton, in Wiltshire, and d. 1706, and was buried at Dinton.
This may have been the Capt. Robert Locke, commander of the ship Speed-
well, of London, who in 1656, was prosecuted by the government of Massa-
chusetts for having brought Quakers into the country, and was imprisoned in
Boston. Oct. 14, 1656, he petitioned the Gen. Court that he may have a full
hearing. I believe he was fined and forced to carry the Quakers back. [See

Mass. Archives, vol. 10, pp. 235-237.] Capt. Locke was master of the

ship Globe which sailed from Boston for London Dec. 1655, and Hull, in his
diary under date of Aug. 1665, says "my returns likewise by Capt. Locke
went safife."

From the White Chapel Register, London.

Marriages. Robert Locke and Dorothy Hawkins, July 12, 1584.— Henry
Lock and Rachel Hillinge, Jany. 29, 1589. — Thomas Lock and Elizabeth
[Bud?] Feb. 5, 1609. — Thomas Lock and Christian French, July 26, 1624,
[perhaps parents of John and Nathaniel Locke, of Hampton, N. H.] — John
Lock and Jane Edwards, Nov. 3, 1625.

Baptisms. John Lock, son of James, Aug. 10, 1610.^ — Hannah Lock, dau.
of Thomas, July 16, 1618. — Thomas Lock, son of John and Jane, May 14,
1626. — John Lock, son of Thomas and Christopher [Christian] Sep. 16, 1627,
[perhaps John, of Hampton.] — John Lock, son of John and Jane, Mh. 1 1 , 1629.
— Nathaniel Lock, son of Thomas and Christian, Nov. 11, 1629, [perhaps
Nathaniel of Portsmouth.]

Burials. John Locke, July 21, 1593. — Benjamin Locke, Dec. 16, 1609. —
Susan Locke, May 29, 1622. — Robert Locke, Jany. 5, 1623. — Susan Locke,
Mh. 15, 1626 — Nicholas Locke, Mh. 15, 1626. — Thomas Locke, Aug. 14, 1628.
— John Locke, Aug. 27, 1632.

From the Stepney Parish Records, London.

Baptisms. Christopher Locke, son of Robert, Oct. 21, 1576. — Mary Locke,
dau. of John, Jany. 6, 1582. — Bridgett Locke, dau. of John, of Ratcliff, Sep. 30,
1593. — Mary Locke, dau. of John of Limehouse, sailor, Nov. 21, 1604. — Wil-
liam Lock, [William of Woburn] son of William and Elizabeth his wf. Dec. 20,
1628, 7 days old. — Rebecca Lock, dau. of John, of Limehouse, shipwright, and
Judith his wf. May 6, 1629.

Burials. Elizabeth, wf. of William Locke, June 27, 1631.
From the Subsidy Rolls for Suffolk.

John Locke, of Lavenham, 1600.— Daniel Lock, of Laxfield, 1613. — John
Locke, of Wattesfield, 1626. — Richard Locke, John and Robert, of Hinderelay,
1638. — Richard Locke, of Hunston, 1639. — Anthony Locke, Clerk of Knet-
tishall [Knetshall?] 1639. — Daniel Locke, of Tressingfield, 1639. — John Locke,,
of Thelnethan, 1639.


The fame and character of John Locke, commonly called "the great philos-
opher and metaphysician," are too well known to require a more extended
notice. For nearly two centuries the whole civilized world has acknowledged
him as one of its greatest luminaries. The names of Locke, Newton, and
Bacon, have long been associated as standing at the head of those great minds,,
whose labors in science and literature have enlightened the world. Of Locke,
it may be said that he was not great only in one particular branch of learning,
for his mind was capable of grasping and mastering every thing. Metaphysics,
religion, and the science of government were all handled by him equally well.
Free from ambition (a) and the love of wealth, rocks on which so rnany have
been shipwrecked, he lived a long life, honored by all, and left behind him_ a
character on which no stain could be found. His private and his public life
were both equally pure. In the political changes of the day, when kings were
made and unmade, he suffered political persecution, and was obliged in 1682
with many others to quit his country for safety, and he was deprived of his
privileges at Oxford College by the arbitrary command of the King, in defiance

(a) Under the first Charter of the Carolinas he was created a Landgrave, which title and
power he declined.

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of the rights of the College itself. After several years' absence, at the solicita-
tion of William Penn, the King offered him a pardon, which was accompanied
with gracious words of good will; but this he refused to accept, with this noble
reply, that "he was ignorant of the crimes of which he had been declared
guilty." At the revolution, however, he returned to England, and was honored
by appointment to several offices, and he continued in office some years, and
until his health became so impaired that he could not live in London only a
few days at a time, when he sent in his resignation; on which the king sent for
him, and proposed that he should retain his office and receive the emoluments,
attending only occasionally, and leaving the duties to be performed by his
deputies. Here again he exhibited the purity of his character by the memorable
reply, "that he could not think of receiving pay for labor that he did not per-
form," (a) an example that is rarely followed in modern times, the practice
being even in our republican country to receive all that can be obtained from
the government.

All the English writers whose works I have consulted, seem to have been
almost entirely ignorant of his pedigree. Even Lord King, his nephew, who
was to a great extent educated by him, and who published an edition of his
works, merely says that " He was the son of J. Locke, who was descended from
the Lockes of Charter Court, in Dorsetshire. That his father, who was a
Captain in the army of the Parliament, possessed a moderate landed property
in Pensfold, [it should have been Pensford] and Bellerton, where he lived; that
his fortune became so much impaired in the civil wars that he left a smaller
estate to his son than he himself inherited." According to the Gent. Magazine,
(see p. 344,) Capt. Locke was the son of Christopher, of Pilrow, in Somerset-
shire, but in the memoirs prefixed to the edition of the works of his son, pub.
in London in 1801, it is said he was the son of Nicholas, of Suttenwick, in the
parish of Chew-Magna, which is near Pensford, in Somersetshire. He was an
Attorney, as well as a Captain, and officiated as "Steward or Court-keeper"
to Col. Popham, who owned large possessions in the vicinity. Several authori-
ties say that he was killed in battle, at or near Bristol, in 1645, and this seems
to have been the prevailing opinion; but Lord King, in speaking of a letter
written by John to his father, Capt. Locke, says, " It is without date, but was
probably written before 1660." This remark would indicate that the father
was living in 1660. Another writer says he was living at the restoration (1660),
and was appointed Clerk of the Sewers. As the writer in the Gentleman's
Magazine says he copies his pedigree from the record of the parish where Capt.
Locke was a Church Warden, we must suppose his statement to be the most
reliable, and if so, that he was the son of Christopher.

Equally contradictor}- are historians as to whom the wife of Capt. Locke was.
Lord King, I think, does not name her. In the edition of Locke's works before
named, published in 1801, in the memoir prefixed, it is said that Capt. Locke
married Ann, the dau. of Edmund Keen or Ken, of Wrington; while on the
other hand, the Rev. Joseph Hunter, in his article relating to the emigrants
from Suffolk, (Eng.) to New England, which was pub. in the Mass. His.
Society's Collections, says on the authority of Candler, a great antiquarian of
England, and who left voluminous manuscripts, containing pedigrees of many

families, that Bernard, who was the farmer of an estate of Custridge

Hall, which he held of Lord Chief Justice Coke, married a dau. of Robert and
Sibil Fisk, and that Bernard had a dau. who was the mother of John Locke.
Mr. Hunter is disposed to think Candler good authority, because Bernard was
Candler's grand-uncle. Yet doubts may be entertained, for Mr. Hunter him-
self, who ranks high as a learned antiquarian, in this very article, makes a

(a) Mr. Locke was afterwards reproached for not having made interest for some of his
friends to succeed to the office, or at least to inform them of his intended resignation of it.
"I know," said he, in answer to one of his relations who reproached him on this subject; "I
know what you tell me very well, but that was the very reason why I would not communicate
my intention to any one. I received my commission generously from the king himself, and
to him I resolved to restore it, that he might have the pleasure of bestowing it on some man
worthy of his bounty."

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statement which shows that he is ignorant of what some of us even in New
England have learned. He says "that little is known of Locke's father, but
no one who has written on his life, has had the slightest knowledge of the
mother." In contradiction of this statement, it is only necessary to refer to
the memoir from which I have before quoted, prefixed to the edition of Locke's
works, pub. 1801, where the writer knew, or pretended to know, that she was
the dau. of Edmund Keen or Ken. I notice this that my readers may see how
easy it is for writers to be mistaken, hoping that they will be charitable to the
many errors that they may find in this unpretending volume.

I have before assumed that Candler was probably right, and that Locke's
mother was a Bernard, and his statement seems to receive support from the
association of the names of Matthew Barnard, (which I presume was only
another way of spelling Bernard,) with the name of William Locke in Nicholas
Davie's Will, on the presumption that there was a connection between William
Locke and the family of John Locke.

The " progeny " of three of the sons of Robert Fisk, before named, emigrated
to New England, as did several other puritan families with whom they were
connected. So says Mr. Hunter on the authority of Candler, and goes on to
say, as I have mentioned in another place, that "The mother of Locke must
have been brought up among the more zealous puritans of the counties of
Essex and Suffold, (England), that she must have heard from her infancy
stories of religious persecutions, that she must have seen near connections of
her family leaving their native home, to find as they supposed, security and
peace in a distant land; and the feelings thus engendered in her mind we may
easily believe to have been communicated to her son, who in due time became
the great defender of the principle of the utmost tolerance, in dealing with
men in affairs of conscience and religious opinion."

The conflicting statements with regard to the family of the wife of Capt.
Locke may be reconciled by supposing that he may have been twice married,
a fact unknown to the difi"erent writers. It is to be hoped that these remarks

Online LibraryArthur Horton LockeA history and genealogy of Captain John Locke (1627-1696) of Portsmouth and Rye, N.H., and his descendants; also of Nathaniel Locke of Portsmouth, and a short account of the history of the Lockes in England → online text (page 54 of 70)