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Arthur John Jewers.

Wells Cathedral: its monumental inscriptions and heraldry : together with the heraldry of the palace, deanery, and vicar's close : with annotations from wills, registers, etc., and illustrations of arms online

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Online LibraryArthur John JewersWells Cathedral: its monumental inscriptions and heraldry : together with the heraldry of the palace, deanery, and vicar's close : with annotations from wills, registers, etc., and illustrations of arms → online text (page 1 of 29)
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Wells Calhedral



RARY



UNIVERSITY Of
CAlITOfihUA



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WELLS CATHEDRAL

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TOGETHER WITH THE



HERALDRY OF THE PALACE, DEANERY, AND VICAR'S CLOSE.

WITH ANNOTATIONS FROM WILLS, REGISTERS, ETC.,

AND

Kntiatrattonjj of &rma.



BY



ARTHUR J. JEWERS, E.S.A.




LONDON : m

MITCHELL AND HUGHES, 140 WARDOUR STREET, W.

1892.



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NA stj /

rat

M/V/aJ



Stfjitatton.



To THE



Eight Hon. and Eight Eev. Lord AETHUR C. HEEVEY, D.D.,
Lord Bishop op Bath and Wells.
My Lord,

It would have been meet and fit that a Work on the Cathedral
Church should be dedicated to the Bishop of the Diocese, while the
universal affection and esteem in which you are held by Clergy and People
make it still more fitting ; to say nothing of the personal obligations I
am under to your Lordship's kindness and help.

I am painfully aware of the imperfections of the Work, but can only
regret that circumstances prevented my making it more worthy of the
Cathedral and of your Lordship's support, so kindly and readily rendered.

1 am,

My Lord Bishop,

Your very obedient servant,

AETHUE J. JEWEES.



464



Sntrxftuctiim*



TN submitting these pages to the Subscribers it will be well, in order to
- 1 - mitigate to some degree adverse criticism, to point out the original
intention and object with which the Work was undertaken.

These were in the first place to preserve and render more generally
accessible such memorial inscriptions and heraldry as still remain in the
Cathedral and the Cloisters, the latter containing a large proportion of
the inscriptions, for when the Cathedral underwent a general restoration,
or, more correctly, renovation, the monuments underwent a promiscuous
removal ; the recumbent effigies were moved into what were considered
more seemly or convenient positions; the mural tablets, more or less
bereft of their surrounding ornaments, of pillar and pediment, shields
and figures, were moved into the cold shelter of the Cloisters, where some
bear ample testimony to their mutilated condition, while some we know
have perished altogether.

Some will perhaps say, This is a small loss ; they were seventeenth, some
eighteenth century work. Quite true ; but while we preserve with care
all examples of earlier art, independently of their actual merits, have we
any right or reason for destroying or neglecting these examples of a later
age ? We anathematize the iconoclasm of past generations, and develop
an iconoclastic spirit in our own, with this difference, instead of getting
rid of all that is old, we select according to an arbitrary rule ; we preserve
the history in stone of the earlier periods, and destroy the marble records
of a later one — only, it would seem, because it is nearer to our own time.

Probably no church is renovated — restored is the common phrase —
without some memorials being wantonly destroyed or mutilated ; they are
half covered by a pew or placed high up, so that they cannot be read,
look as unsightly as may be, and hold the worshippers in fear of being
crushed by their fall.

The inscriptions are given as they now stand, without attempting to
correct inaccuracies or supply what is now illegible, except what had
been already copied by Mr. Fielder, whose MS. has been freely used.
At the same time it appeared advisable, as likely to add both to the



VI INTRODUCTION.

general interest and permanent value of the Work, if some notes were
added from such original sources as parish registers and wills, and other
sources not generally accessible, avoiding what has already appeared in
print, unless for the purpose of clearness or completeness, and then as
briefly as possible, such being confined almost entirely to a few extracts
from the volumes of " Somerset Wills " collected by the late Rev. Frederick
Brown and the Rev. F. W. Weaver's "Somerset Incumbents" — both
essentially works of reference. In no sense do these notes profess to be
a history or even a complete genealogical account of the families of all
those who are in any way commemorated, for such is altogether beyond
what was intended. These notes are of necessity very irregular, for,
although it is believed that when descendants of the families could be
found, and have been applied to for additional information, they have
often neglected to respond; and. again, it has been found impossible to
trace the representatives of many of the people commemorated.

In going over the ground, it became apparent that much of great
interest would be lost if the Vicar's Close was not included ; but if that
was included, why should the Bishop's Palace be left out? Finally, it
seemed to be the most satisfactory course to include what may be rightly
considered the Cathedral Precincts ; and this has been carried out,
rendering the Work more complete. Nothing, it is believed, has been
omitted within the limits laid down, while valuable corroborative evidence
has been supplied by this extension.

As regards the monuments of the Bishops, they were all duly inscribed
with the name of the prelate they were supposed to commemorate at the
time the Cathedral was renovated, now nearly half a century since ; but
the value of the authority for the identifications may be judged from
the remarks on the tombs inscribed to Bishop Bytton II. and Bishop
Drokensford. There is ample evidence as to the arms and family of
Bishop William Bytton I. and II. and of Bishop Drokensford to put the
matter quite beyond a doubt. At the same time, there does not appear
to be any reason to hope that most of the early effigies can ever be with
certainty appropriated. Several are of much later date than that at
which the persons they are supposed to commemorate died ; consequently
they are only mentioned as displaying certain inscriptions of modern
date, without any attempt to prove or disprove the statements they set
forth. To do more would be to trespass on the good work begun by the
Sub-Dean, Canon Church, who has already given to the world most
careful and exhaustive histories of Bishops Jocelyn and Severicus, sup-
ported step by step by reference to indisputable authorities ; histories
which we have reason to hope he will follow up by others.

Thanks are due to the Bishop and the late Dean for access to the
heraldry of the Palace and Deanery ; to the Rev. A. Coode, Chaplain, and
the Rev. Prebendary Gibson, the President, for access to the Chapel,



INTRODUCTION. Vll

Library over it, and Common Hall of the Vicars, then the home of the
Theological College, and since to their new Library ; to Canon Church
for the opportunities of making extracts from the Cathedral manuscripts ;
to Mr. Fielder for the use of his MS. copy of the inscriptions, which has
supplied several portions of inscriptions now quite illegible ; to Mr.
Lowndes Gleaves, Chief Clerk of the Probate Registry, for his courteous
attention and assistance in the long searches in that office, only a small
part of the result of which appears here. Finally, but not least, we must
thank the Dean and Chapter for permission to copy and print the
inscriptions.

Many interesting additions might have been made from the Registers
of Shepton Mallet and Bridgwater, but although a courteous request for
permission to make extracts from these Registers, with full explanation of
the literary purpose for which such were wanted, was made to Rev. Mr.
Jones of the former and the Rev. Mr. Fitzgerald of the latter place,
they practically refused to allow this to be done. For the numerous
extracts from the Registers of St. Cuthbert, Wells, we are indebted to
the Vicar, the Rev. Prebendary Beresford, who afforded every facility
for transcribing the entries.

Messrs. Mitchell and Hughes have executed the printing in their usual
praiseworthy manner, and by the way they have entered into his design
for the arrangement of the Work have saved the Author much trouble ;
while the Photographs in the large-paper copies speak for themselves
of the skill and care of Mr. Philips, of the Market Place, Wells,
who has produced exceptionally good results under great difficulties
regarding light.

Wells.

2bth February 1892.



arms.



Alabaster, 147.

Allerton, 75.

Andrews, 164.

Annesley, 134.

Archer, 62.

Bagot, 96, 269.

Banister, 78.

Barker, 129.

Barnard, 98.

Baron, 55, 57, 58.

Bath Abbey, 41, 117, 268, 270.

Bayly, 84.

Baynard, 149.

Beadon, 197, 198.

Beauchamp, 270.

Beckington, 38, 39, 43, 161, 162, 268,

273, 274, 280, 289.
Berkeley, 110, 122.
Bernard, 243.
Bethel, 234.
Bewes, 50.
Bingham, 153.
Bishopric, 8, 9, 38, 40, 43, 61, 107, 110,

111, 144, 145, 146, 189, 217, 268, 272,

273, 274, 275, 278, 294.
Bisse, 177.
Blencoe, 59.
Bolton, 143.
Bourne, 94.
Bowett, 161.
Bragge, 100, 184, 185.
Braunche, 117.
Brydges, 109, 204, 205, 296.
Brymer, 279.
Bubwith, 1, 9, 275.
Bull, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 53.



Burland, 102, 214, 230, 296.

Burnaby, 209.

Burrell, 174, 175.

Bushell, 178.

Button, 287.

Byng, 237.

Cairnes, 128.

Carew, 67, 68.

Carlisle, See of, 107.

Carlyon, 43.

Carrick, 72, 73.

Cary, 280.

Cdivor ap Dyforwal, 64.

Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, 43, 296.

Church, 275, 280.

Churchill, 127.

Clare, de, 108, 115, 118.

Clarke, 143, 144, 272.

Clinton, 296.

Clyvedon, 292.

Cockerell, 107.

Codrington, 148.

Colville, 211, 212.

Cornish, 160.

Cornwall, Earls of, 116, 119.

Cottle, 150.

Courtenay, 145.

Coward, 57, 132, 134, 135, 139.

Creyghton, 8, 28, 109, 111, 206, 268.

Curtis, 139.

Dacres, 156.

Darley, 116.

Dashwood, 157.

Daubeny, 38, 162.

Davidge, 24.

Davis, 57, 177, 178, 179.



ARMS.



Dayes, 43, 44, 53.

Deanery, 8, 40, 41, 43, 75, 107, 160, 161,

280.
De Brotherton, 278.
De la Marche, 116.
Delmenhorst, 40.
Denmark, 40.
Dennis, 148.
Dickinson, 279.
Dietmarsen, 40.
Dodington, 70, 174, 176.
Drake, 191, 192.
Drokensford, 85, 86.
Ducane, 295.
Duck, 44.
Dunbar, 51.
Durant, 158.
Dutton, 43, 53.
Easton, 237.
Eckington, 43.
Edwards, 149.
Elder, 143.
Elton, 232.
Elwes, 275.
England, Royal, 40.
Enion Efell, 44.
Eyre, 149, 201.
Farr, Farra, 230.
Fayery, Fayremay, 116.
Felton, 278.
Fereby, Feryby, 75.
Fisher, 270.

Fitz Alan, 36, 37, 118, 119.
Foster, 222, 223.
Fox, 177.
France, Royal, 40.
Frankland, 211, 212.
Fuller, 280.
Gale, 150.
Gay, 63.
Gendrault, 122.
George, 77.
Gibson, 277, 280.
Glastonbury Abbey, 8, 271.
Godwin, 269.
Gooch, 196.
Goodenough, 107, 108.



Goodford, 155.
Gould, 194, 195, 296.
Graham, 51, 53.
Grey, 1.
Grindall, 127.

Grove, 75, 76, 140, 142, 145.
Guilford, 60, 216, 217.
Guise, 149.
Gunter, 45.
Gunthorpe, 75, 270.
Gutch, 144.
Hall, 134.
Halliday, 155.
Hamilton, 51.
Hanbury, 98.
Harewell, 39.
Harptre, 85, 296.
Hartop, 137.
Hatton, 53.
Hawley, 74.
Heath, 135.
Healy, 164.
Heather, 151.
Hebden, 34, 233.
Helsby, 53.
Henning, 202.
Hervey, 268, 277, 278, 280.
Hicks, 149.
Highatt, 150.
Hill, 274.
Hobday, 151.
Hobhouse, 77.

Holland, Earl of Kent, 36, 37, 119.
Hooper, 216, 217.
Horner, 147.
Hothersall, 278, 280.
Howard, 278.
Howe, 152.
Hughes, 63, 64, 151.
Huish, 227, 228.
Hungerford, 274.
Hunt, 49.
Hussee, 37.
Ireland, 116.
James, 45.

Jenkyns, 75, 76, 77, 78, 140, 142,
145.



ARMS.



XI



Jones, 64, 149.

Ken, 145, 164, 165.

Kidder, 158, 159.

Kiffin, 44.

King, 213, 214, 269.

Kingsley, 53.

Kingston, 11, 287.

Knight, 8, 144, 145.

Lake, 61.

Lamont, 183.

Lancaster, 24.

Lauenberg, 40.

Law, 155, 189, 190, 268, 278, 279.

Ledred, 70.

Leigh, 132, 134, 135, 139.

Lewis, 231.

Ley, 137.

Lin ley, 170.

Lloyd, 44, 64, 151.

Lovell, 167, 296.

Lucas, 151.

Lukin, 237.

Luttrell, 275.

Marchia, de, 36, 116.

Macreth, 216.

Mac Williams, 270.

Malherb, 292.

Maltravers, 119.

Martin, 59.

Mattocke, 132, 139.

Maunoir, 277.

Maurice, 270.

Merrifield, 141.

Michell, 201.

Middleton, 156.

Millard, 17.

Minshull, 53.

Montagu, 268, 269.

Moore, 134.

Morgan, 149.

Morley, 95.

Morris, 99, 100, 184, 185, 230, 296.

Mortimer, 116, 161.

Nares, 202.

Nichol, 161.

Norway, 40.

Oldenburg, 40.



Orchard, 135.

Palmer, 65, 66, 67.

Parker, 155, 273, 290.

Parris, 64.

Paulett, Poulett, 113.

Payfere, Payferer, 116.

Payne, 190, 191, 192, 283.

Peake, 243.

Pearsall, 150.

Pelsent, 43, 44.

Phelips, 89.

Pierce, 268.

Pilkington, 79.

Pinder, 278, 280.

Pinker, 77.

Pinney, 155.

Pitt, 50.

Plumptre, 270, 280.

Pomeroy, 271, 272, 273.

Poole, 127.

Pope, 274.

Popham, 85, 296.

Pretor, 155.

Price, 154.

Prowse, 68, 69.

Randolph, 51.

Redesham, 116.

Rodney, 277.

Rome, See of, 277.

Royal Arms, 40, 108, 116, 145, 161, 162,

272, 273, 275.
Sage, 172, 173.
St. Aubyn, 11.
St. Barb, 116.
St. Loe, 105.
Salmon, 26.
Scandinavia, 40.
Schaumberg, 40.
Schleswig, 40.
Scotland, Royal, 40.
Seymour, 190, 191, 270.
Sherston, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178,

179.
Sheaff, 71.
Sherborne, 177.
Sheridan, 170.
Sherman, 177.



Xll



ARMS.



Singleton, 268.

Skrine, 153.

Smith, 79.

Southworth, 43, 44, 53.

Stable, 156.

Stafford, 1, 121, 274.

Still, 46, 146, 147.

Stillington, 161, 162, 268, 274, 275.

Stokes, 135.

Strangways, 50, 53, 174, 175.

Sugar, 8, 161, 273.

Sumner, 277.

Sntton, 59.

Swann, 1, 161, 274.

Swayne, 77.

Sweden, 40.

Taylor, 227, 228.

Templer, 51, 53.

Thompson, 55, 59.

Thornton, 53.

Thring, 82.

Tickell, 170.

Tovey, 51.

Tryon, 153.

Tucker, 46, 176, 177.

Vandels, 40.

Verdon, 37, 38.

Vicars Choral, 8, 43, 271, 273, 274.



Villiers, 269.
Wake, 154.
Walcot, 43.

Walrond, 139, 206, 207.
Warren, 36, 37, 116, 118.
Wastley, 27.
Watson, 135, 197.
Westley, 26, 27, 167.
Westminster School, 107.
Whalley, 172, 173, 174.
Whitaker, 153.
White, 140.
Whitmore, 148.
Willis, 73.
Willoughby, 153.
Winchester, See of, 269.
Winston, 43.
Witham, 161.
Woleman, 144.
Wolsey, 268.
Worthington, 98.
Wray, 164, 165.
Wyclyffe, 75.
Wykeham, 269.
Wykes, 35.
Younge, 147.
York Archbishopric, 107.
Zouche, 108.



plates.



I. — 1, Mortimer, p. 161. 2, Bytton or Button, p. 287. 3, Drokensford, pp.
85, 86. 4, Harptre, pp. 85, 296. 5, Stafford, p. 274. 6, Creyghton,
p. 111.

II. — 1, Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, p. 43. 2, Southworth imp. Lloyd, p. 44.

3, Southworth imp. Pelsent, p. 43.

III.— 1, Beckington, pp. 43, 272. 2, Clarke, pp. 144, 272. 3, Knight, pp.
144, 145. 4, Woleman, p. 144. 5, Daubeny, p. 38. 6, Zouche,
p. 108.

IV.— 1, Plantagenet, Earls of Cornwall, p. 116. 2, England, p. 116. 3, St. Barbe
or Warren, p. 116. 4, De Clare, p. 115. 5, Bath Abbey, p. 117.
6, {query) p. 116.

V.— 1, Ireland, pp. 116, 294. 2, Fayremay, p. 116. 3. St. Barbe or Warren,
p. 116. 4 and 5, non-armorial.

VI.— 1, Bishop Montague, p. 268. 2, Bishop Curie, p. 269. 3, Lord Arthur C.
Hervey, p. 268. 4, Bishop Pierce, p. 268. 5, Bishop Bagot, p. 269.

VII.— 1, Pomeroy, p. 271. 2, Clarke, p. 272. 3, Corporation of Vicars, p. 271.

4, Glastonbury Abbey, p. 271. 5, Pope, p. 274. 6, Parker, p. 273.

VIII.— 1, Rodney, p. 277. 2, Luttrell, p. 275. 3, Bubwith, p. 275. 4, Elwes,
p. 275. 5 and 6, Bishop Stillington, pp. 274, 275.

IX.— 1, Swann, p. 274. 2, Bishop Beckington, p. 274. 3, Pope, p. 274.
4, Beckington. 5, Vicars Choral. 6, The See. 7, Bishop Stillington.
(These last four are on a panel together, p. 274.) 8, Sugar, p. 273.
9, in Vicar's Common Hall, p. 271. 10, Hungerford, p. 274.

X.— 1, Bishop Bowett, p. 161. 2, Beckington, p. 161. 3, Nicholl, p. 161.
4, Stillington, pp. 161, 162. 5, Daubeny, p. 162. 6, Bishop King,
p. 269. 7, Deanery, p. 162. 8, Bishop Bubwith, p. 9. 9, Glaston-
bury Abbey, p. 8. 10, Sugar, p. 8. 11, Dean Husse, p. 37.
12, Dean Witham, p. 161.

For particulars relating to the coloured Frontispiece see p. 40 (Third and
Fourth Shields) for the top shields, and for the coat of the Bishop see p. 278.



iUst xrf i^utemtors-



The Most Hon. the Marquis of Bute, K.T., Eccleston Square.

The Right Hon. Viscount Portman, Blandford.

The Right Rev. and Right Hon. Lord Arthur C. Hervey, D.D., Lord Bishop of

Bath and Wells, Wells. (2 octavo, 1 quarto.)
The Right Rev. and Right Hon. Lord Alwyne Compton, Lord Bishop of Ely.
The Right Hon. Lord Brougham and Vaux, 36 Chesham Place, London.
The Right Hon. Lord Carlingford, Chewton Priory, Bath.
The Right Hon. Lord De L'Isle and Dudley, Ingleby Manor.
The Right Rev. the Hon. W. J. H. Clifford, D.D., Bishop of Clifton.
The Right Rev. Bishop Hobhonse, D.D., Wells. (3 copies.)
The Very Rev. E. H. Plumptre, D.D., Dean of Wells (the late).
Rev. Canon Church, M.A., F.S.A., Sub-Dean, Wells.
William Adlam, Esq., D.L., F.S.A., The Manor House, Chew Magna.
Albion G-. Andrews, Esq., Wells.
William Andrews, Esq., F.R.H.S., Hull.
Rev. Philip C. Barker, M.A., LL.B., Bridgwater.
John Batten, Esq., F.S.A., Aldon, Yeovil.
Mrs. Mary J. L. Baugh, Knowle Lodge, Cheltenham.
Charles J. Beadon, Esq., Hythe.
William V. Beadon, Esq., Heme Hill.
Rev. James A. Bennett, B.A., F.S.A.
Rev. Prebendary Beresford, Wells.
Rev. Canon Bernard, Wells ; and High Hall, Wimborne.
Rev. Charles W. Boase, Oxford.
William E. Brennand, Esq., Blandford.
Thomas Brooke, Esq., F.S.A., Huddersfield. (Quarto.)
Rev. Canon Buckle, Wells.
Edmund Buckle, Esq., Bedford Row, London.
Rev. Thomas Williamson Bull, Paulton.
General W. E. Gr. Lytton-Bulwer, East Dereham.
Rev. H. A. Cartwright, M.A., Chard.
W. H. C. Chamberlaine, R.N., Keevil.
Joseph Clark, Esq., F.R.M.S., Street, Somerset.
H. J. B. Clements, Esq., Celbridge.

Gr. E. Cokayne, Esq., Norroy King of Arms, College of Arms, London.
Rev. Prebendary Coleman, Cheddar, Somerset.



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. XV

Rev. A. Coode, Wells. (2 copies.)

Lieut. Blanchard R. Coward, R.N., Southsea.

Miss Gertrude Coward, Christchurch, New Zealand.

William Daubeny, Esq., Bath. (2 copies.)

Walter Derham, Esq., Lancaster Gate, London.

William Downing, Esq., Olton. (2 copies.)

Rev. W. D. V. Duncombe, Hereford.

Rev. Edward L. Elwes, M.A., Liss.

C. W. Empson, Esq., Palace Court, London.

W. Fairbanks, Esq., M.D., Wells.

Edward Fisher, Esq., F.S.A. Scot., Newton Abbot. (Quarto.)

Cecil G. Savile Foljambe, Esq., M.P., Carlton House Terrace, London.

Charles Henry Fox, Esq., M.D., Brislington.

Edward Talbot Day Foxcroft, Esq., High Sheriff, Bath.

A. W. Franks, Esq., C.B., M.A., etc., British Museum.

J. G. French, Esq., Wells.

Henry Hucks Gibbs, Esq., M.P., Elstree, Herts. (Quarto.)

H. Martin Gibbs, Esq., Flax Bourton. (Quarto.)

Rev. Prebendary Gibson, Wells.

Thomas L. Gleaves, Esq., Wells.

Rev. Charles Grant, Glastonbury.

Benjamin W. Greenfield, Esq., F.S.A., Southampton.

Guildhall Library, London (Charles Welch, Esq., F.S.A. , Librarian).

Rev. Humphrey F. Hall, Shepton Mallet.

Rev. Sydenham H. A. Hervey, M.A., Weston-super-Mare.

John Hitchman, Esq., Acocks Green.

J. J. Hooper, Esq., Thome, Yeovil.

J. F. F. Horner, Esq., Frome.

R. Hovenden, Esq., F.S.A., Croydon. (Quarto.)

J. J. Howard, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A., Blackheath.

Rev. Prebendary J. G. Howes, Taunton.

Alfred E. Hudd, Esq., F.S.A., Clifton. (2 copies.)

H. R. Hughes of Kinmel, Esq., Abergele.

Francis James, Esq., Cromwell Road, London.

William Dampier Jeans, Esq., Warrington. (Quarto.)

Henry Jenkyns, Esq., C.B., Botley, Hants. (2 copies.)

Henry Pulsford Lang, Esq., Crewkeme.

C. W. Lavington, Esq., Wells.

Harry Dampier Law, Esq., R.N., Palace Gardens Terrace, London.

Miss S. F. Law, Sheffield Gardens, Kensington, London.

The Rev. the Hon. Stephen Willoughby Lawley, M.A., Spurfield, Exminster, Devon.

H. W. Livett, Esq., M.D., Wells.

G. F. Luttrell, Esq., Dunster Castle.

H. Maxwell Lyte, Esq., C.B., F.S.A., Portland Square, London.

Rev. Douglas G. Manning, M.A., Wells.

Rev. George S. Master, Flax Bourton.

Hastings B. Middleton, Esq., J.P., Bradford Peverell.



XVI LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.

G. E. Murly, Esq., Gloucester Street, London.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne Public Libraries (W. J. Haggerston, Esq., Chief Librarian).

S. A. Newman, Esq., Walsall.

Rev. Charles Best Norcliffe, M.A., Malton.

V. L. Oliver, Esq., Sunninghill.

Rev. Prebendary G. D. W. Ommanney, Oxford.

Sir Richard Paget, Bart., M.P., Queen Anne Street, London.

Edward Milward S. Parker, Esq., Weston-Super-Mare.

Rev. E. L. Penny, D.D., Mutley, Plymouth. (Quarto.)

Rev. H. W. Pereira, M.A., M.R.I.A., Wells.

W. R. Phelips, Esq., Ilminster.

Rev. Prebendary R. S. Philpott, Ravenscourt Park, London.

Colonel W. Pinney, J.P., F.R.G.S., Somerton.

Rev. F. J. Poynton, M.A., Bath.

Charles G. Prideaux-Brune, Esq., Grosvenor Gardens, London.

R. H. Batten Pooll, Esq., Bath. (Quarto.)

Ellison Powell, Esq., St. George's House, Eastcheap, London.

William Rees-Mogg, Esq., Bristol.

Rev. Prebendary Henry Roe, Ilchester.

J. Brooking Rowe, Esq., F.S.A., Plympton.

John Davis Sherston, Esq., Evercreech, Somerset. (2 copies.)

Frederick Shum, Esq., F.S.A., Bath.

Henry Duncan Skrine, Esq., Bath.

Benjamin Edward Somers, Esq., Clandon.

Somerset Archaeological Society.

D. Wintringham Stable, Esq., LL.B., Wanstead. (Quarto.)

The Rev. Treasurer Stephenson, M.A., Lympsham Manor, Weston-super-Mare.

(Quarto.)
Captain John T. Still, Axminster.
General George Strangways, Dawlish.

H. Bull Templer Strangways, Esq., J.P., Shapwick. (2 copies.)
Rev. Prebendary Godfrey Thring, Castle Cary. (Quarto.)
Rev. Andrew Trollope, B.A., Stamford.

Sir Henry M. Vavasour, Bart., Upper Grosvenor Street, London.
Colonel Philip D. Vigors, Bagenalstown, Ireland.
L. Fry Wade, Esq., Axbridge, Somerset.
Rev. Robert Seymour Walpole, M.A., Plymouth.
The Dean and Chapter Library, Wells.

Sir Albert W. Woods, Garter King of Arms, College of Arms, London.
Miss Woods, Wells.



WELLS CATHEDRAL:

Jte Monumental Inscriptions anir ©mrtftrg.



THE CATHEDRAL.

Approaching the Cathedral from the Cathedral Green, we face the grand west
front, which, though richly encrusted with statues and carving, the only shields of
arms it displays are two on the north tower ; these are (or) on a chev. (gu.) within
a lord. eng. (sa.) a bishop's mitre (ppr.) for Bishop John Stafford : the same arms
appear on the seal of this Bishop. The other shield has a saltire imp. a/ess eng. betw.
tivelve holly leaves, 4, 4, and 4, in quadrangles, for Bishop Bulworth. Both these
shields are modern additions, their general style and the fact of the incorrect arms being
used for the See, leave no doubt of this being the case. By going to the north side
of the Cathedral we shall be able to see a shield contemporary with the building of
the tower, viz., a fess eng. betw. tivelve holly leaves, 4, 4, and 4, in quadrangles,
Bubwith ; it is on the east face of one of the buttresses on the north side of the
north-west tower high up, and there cannot be the least doubt that it was cut and
put up at the time the tower was built, and is the oldest piece of heraldry in or about
the building. Bishop Stafford became Archbishop of Canterbury, and his place in
the pedigree of his family will be found on pedigree given hereafter. Bishop
Bubwith has a chantry in the nave which will be noticed in due course. Bishop
Bubwith's coat is also carved on the outside of the east cloister, above the entrance
on the south side.

To the south of the west front of the Cathedral, on the external side of the wall
of the west cloister, are the following on tilting shields, (az.) a fess letw. three
Sloans' wings raised (arg.) Swann. Bishop Beckington as given hereafter. Barry
of four (or two bars) a bend. There being no colours it is difficult to assign this
coat. Grey, arg., two bars az. and a bend git. These shields are of the shape of the
tilting shield of the fifteenth century, and are confined to that end of cloister wall,
the charges being nearly obliterated.

Entering the Cathedral from the west, we will take the monuments and heraldry
in order as we come to them, proceeding up the north aisle of the nave into the
north transept, down the centre aisle, returning up the south aisle, going round the
south transept ; hence passing through the door to the south of the choir, we will
proceed round it, taking the chapels in order as they stand, including the Treasure

B



2 WELLS CATHEDRAL.

House, Chapter House, aud Choir, leaving the cloisters, into which all the mural
monuments have been moved, until last. This explanation will render needless
further specifying the position of the monuments beyond naming the several parts
as they are reached.

North Aisle of Nave.



Online LibraryArthur John JewersWells Cathedral: its monumental inscriptions and heraldry : together with the heraldry of the palace, deanery, and vicar's close : with annotations from wills, registers, etc., and illustrations of arms → online text (page 1 of 29)