Arthur Willis Stanford.

Stanford genealogy, comprising the descendants of Abner Stanford, the revolutionary soldier; online

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Online LibraryArthur Willis StanfordStanford genealogy, comprising the descendants of Abner Stanford, the revolutionary soldier; → online text (page 1 of 12)
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Rev. Arthur Sianiuro, M.A., B.D.














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My "Register of the Descendants of'Abner Stan-
ford, THE Revolutionary Soldier," appeared in 1898 as a
kind of circular letter to encourage relatives to inquire and
investigate about genealogical facts immediately and easily
accessible to them, that they might contribute material additional
to that in the Register, as well as correct its errors. The title
was too comprehensive for the scope of the work, as it dealt
only with descendants of Abner by his second wife. To all
who are interested in these, the Register will be found still
valuable, for its appendix and chart. It may be found in the
Boston Public Library, the Genealogical Library, at Boston,
the State Library, at Concord, N.H., and in several other
large libraries, as well as in certain small (New England) ones.

The present volume contains so far as has been possible
to secure, all descendants of Abner. Omissions and errors are
to be expected, and it is earnestly requested that any who
detect these will kindly call the compiler's attention to them.

A great debt of obligation is gratefully acknowledged to
Edmund D. Barbour, Esq., who unhesitatingly placed his
valuable manuscript covering the subject in which I was in-
terested, repeatedly at my disposal. Li a majority of cases I
have personally verified or corrected his material or contribut-
ed fresh matter, by examination of original records or by
meeting or correspondence with individuals. His great work
on the Barbours, in several large volumes, deals with the
Stanfords from 171 2 onward- — since by the marriage of David
Stanford and Lydia Morse, the Stanford and Barbour families
were related. But, nevertheless, it has seemed to me that
there is a useful place for such a volume as the present,
along side the much larger and far more comprehensiv^e one,
because the present work will be within the pecuniary reach
of all who may have any desire to possess it, while possibly
the greater one may not.


There was no definite purpose to publish at this time ; in
fact, publication is quite accidental ; ior it was expected to
obtain considerable more original matter, first, from members
of the family, with whom the writer had begun to get nicely
in touch ; but circumstances led to a visit to the Orient, where
wholly unexpected leisure led to a sudden decision ; if the anti-
cipated increment comes later, it may be feasible to include it
in an appendix.

Acknowledgment of much valuable assistance is due Miss
Emma Frances Harris, and to the many other generous
members of the family, who have done so much to make this
volume what it is.

Arthur Willis Stanford.

Shimmatsu-ro, 54 Miyazaki Cho,
May 2, 1906. Ise Yama, Yokohama, Japan.


T.R denotes Town or City Record, and indicates that '.he ofiicial records in the

clerk's office are authority for the preceding statement.

C.R.— denotes Church Record, which is the source of the preceding statement.

Ct.R. — denotes Court Record, which is the basis for the preceding statement.

F.B.— denotes Family Bible, as the origin of the preceding statement.

V.S. - denotes Vital Statistics, and refers to the series of volumes giving the
births, marriages and deaths in Mass. towns from the earliest period
of record down to 1850.

G.R. — denotes Gravestone Record.


STANFORD is an ancient surname dating back to the
Saxon Chronicles, in which it is found. It belongs to the class
of nature-names, and is composed of two elements — staii mean-
ing stone, and/(9n/, a river-crossing. Originally, we may con-
jecture, one Thomas lived by a river where there was a shallow,
stony bottom, or where there was a series of stepping-stones,
like those at Ambleside in the English Lake District, over
which passage was made ; from this casual circumstance, he
was designated as Thomas at or of or from or by the stone
ford ; and then, by degrees, arose the name Thomas Stanford.

Stanford became an English name from the Anglo-Saxon
rather than from the Norman, contribution to the total of
English surnames. At the present day, it is quite a common
name in England, where it may be found in the directory of
almost any large city. A recent directory of one of these
cities, had eleven Stanfords. The directories of American
cities also show that it is not a rare name \\\ the United States,
where it has been found almost from the very beginning
of English colonization. There were Stanfords in Maryland
very early in its history, and descendants of these, under
other names, are to- day among the most prominent citizens of
Massachusetts, Louisiana and other states. The Stanford
family, a part of whose genealogy is given in this volume,
dates back in New England history, to within about a score of
years of the landing at Plymouth. From about 1650 to the
present there seem to have been Stanfords at Falmouth or
Portland, Me. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
there were Stanfords at and about Ipswich, Mass. Quite a
number of Stanfords were in the Revolutionary War Among
these were several, as Moses, of Natick, Joseph, of Packers-
field, now Nelson, N.H., and Abner, of Upton, who belonged
to the family, a portion of whose genealogy is here given.*

* For the military record of these, and other Stanfords, in this war, see
" Soldiers and Sailors of the American Revolution" published by the Comraon-
wealth of Mass.





These Stanfords are supposed to have descended from Thomas
Stanford or Staniforth, who resided at Concord, Mass., in
1644 ; how much earHer he was there is not known, nor at how
early a date he came from England, but he removed from
Concord in the above year. As early as 1652 Thomas and
Robert Stanford are recorded as owning land at Falmouth
Neck, Me., and these names are prominent in the history of that
place during the next thirty- five or more years. It is supposed
this Thomas Stanford, of Falmouth, was Thomas Staniforth, of
Concord, and that he removed from the latter town to Maine.
From historical notices, it seems probable that the Maine Stan-
fords and the Ipswich Stanfords were related.

In the records of the First Church at Charlestown, we
find a Thomas Stanford, ' Thomas, ye blinde man,' who ' own-
ed the covenant,' and so with all his family, was baptized and
recorded on the parish register. By this we learn that he was
at Charlestown in 1 680, and it is a proper inference that he
was there previously. He married Widow Sarah (Crouch)
Jones, and died there about 1695, while she survived till 1707.
From this ' Thomas, ye blinde man,' the descent of the Stan-
fords recorded in this volume, is absolutely clear and demon-
strable, link by link, without a break. The first link, however,
connecting Thomas, of Concord, with Thomas, of Charles-
town, assumed to be a son of the former, while highly probable,
yet must be regarded as problematical, until further investiga-
tion shall throw more light upon the subject.

Among the children of ' Thomas, ye blinde man,' was
David, the oldest, born in 1680, at Charlestown ; while a )'oung
man he removed to Natick and then to Sherborn, where,
in 1 71 2, he married Lydia Morse and settled down ; they had
a large family of children, mostly born at Sherborn, and
(o among them was Caleb, born there in i-7T?}r; he married Ruth
Cozzens, about 1740, and spent a good part of his life at
Sherborn, where his children were born ; in 1773 and the next
few years, several of his children emigrated from Sherborn to
Dublin, N.H., where new land was obtainable. He and his wife
appear to have gone with these emigrants, and, eventually, to
have died at Littleton, N.H., or Concord, Vt., to which places
some of his children had removed, attracted by new land open-
ed for settlement. Among the sons of Caleb were Joseph,
born in 1745, and Abner, born in 1747. The former was a
Minute Man for Peterboro, N.H., serving three days ; later, he
enlisted from Packersfield. The latter with his descendants by
two wives, forms the subject of this volume.



Abner Stanford' {Caleb ^ David, "^ Thomas," Thomas^)
b. at Sherborn, May 12, 1747, m. at IMendon, Nov. 24, 1768
(int. there Feb. 17, 1768), Jemima Green, of Mendon, b. at
Upton, Jan. 30, 1749, dau. of William Green and Hannah

. At marriage he was said to be of Mendon ; in the

intention we find Mrs. Jemima Green, but this does not occur
in the marriage record, and was doubtless a slip for Miss, as
she was not twenty years old. Their marriage was " con-
firmated by Joseph Dorr, Esqr."* They settled at Upton
which was his home until 1789 or later. At an annual town
meeting Mch 6, 1786, it was " voted : to choose a committee
of fifteen to divide said town into school districts " ; the committee
reported in favor of six districts, and the inhabitants allotted to
each are gi\'en. Abner Stanford appears in District No. i . or
" Rawson's District," of which Joshua Rawson and Wilson
Rawson were members ; all the other districts had at least
twenty-one families, while No. i had only ten. This was
really a part of what should have been the north district, but
as the number of families in the north greatly exceeded the
number in any other district (east, south, central and west),
ten were set off in a special district, with their own school.
{See Upton Records, III. pp. 68, 6g, go). Abner thus lived in
the north part of the town. He enlisted in the Revolutionary
War, Apl 27, 1775, as corporal in Captain David Batchelor's
company, Col. Joseph Reed's regiment (2Cth), credited to
Upton. He was at Roxbury, Oct. 24, 1775, and served for
Upton practically all the time from the beginning to the end of

* Joseph Dorr, Esq , was a justice of the peace, who was chosen Sep. 28, 1774,
a delegate to the Provincial Congress, at Concord, Oct. 11, 1774. He was S(;u
of the Mendon minister of the same name and became, later, a judge.



the war in 1783. He was a three years' man in the Continen-
tal Army, mustered into Captain Japheth Daniels' company,
Col. Thomas Nixon's 5th, later 6th, regiment Apl 21, 1777.
He was on the pay roll of this company from Apl 17, 1777
to Dec. 31, 1779 and on the clothing list for five years from
Jan. I, 1778 to Dec. 31, 1782. He was in camp near Peek-
skill, Feb. 16, 1779, and at the Highlands, Je 12, 1779. He
re-enhsted in 1780 for during the war. In 1780 and 1781 he
appears in descriptive lists as thirty-three years old, six feet
tall, with light complexion, brown hair and blue eyes ; one
list was dated ' Highlands, Feb. 23, 1780 ' ; the other, * West
Point, Jan. 29, 1781.' He apparently was corporal until Nov.

I, 1 78 1, when he was reduced. From Jan. to Dec. 1781
his company was in Lt. Col. Calvin Smith's regiment and he
was a private when the return was made. He was on furlo
Dec, 1782. He appears on two statements of continental
balances. He also is found on a company return of Col.
Nixon's 6th regiment for arears of pay, delivered Mch 10,
1784. There are seven autograph signatures by him in the
Mass. state archives. He took part in the capture of Gen.
Burgoyne at Saratoga, Oct. 17, 1777. His discharge was at
New Windsor, N.Y., June or July, 1783. Facts about his
connection with the Revolution may be found in the Pension
Office, Washington, the State Flouse, Boston, the records of
Worcester County, Worcester, and in the town records of
Upton. There are thirty-eight cards in the Mass. archives
referring to him, and at least fourteen references in the Upton
records. See History of Worcester Comity, by Hurd, Vol.

II. p. gio, Chap. 122, Upton, by Win. T. Davis ; Phila. iS8g.
See also Mass. Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War,
compiled by tJie Secy, of the ConimonwealtJi ; Boston, i8g2, etc.
He was pensioned at eight dollars a month by the United

Joel, his last child by Jemima, was b. at Upton, Je
27, 1788 ; between this and 1796 he separated from her and
went to Peterboro, N.H., where his name is on the invoices for
1796 and 1797 and where he resided until about 1799. He
next removed to Dummerston, Vt , where, Nov. 24, 1800, he
m. (2) Sarah Mackentire, " late of Peterboro." They lived at
Dummerston until about 1807 or later, when they are said to
have gone to New Boston, N.H., and thence to Chesterfield,
where his name is on the town records for 18 19, and where,
about Apl of that year, he died ; tradition says he was buried in
the old cemetery back of the town house. He lived about



two miles from the center, on the Winchester road, on the
hillside to the right of the road, in what is now a pasture
partially grown up to wood ; the cellar hole is still there, within
sight of the barn now standing on the place where his son
Willis lived and died.*

After their separation Jemima continued at Upton until
her death Je 5, 1818. She doubtless made a home for
Joel and some of her other children, during much of that
period. The fact that Joel very soon after his marriage,
settled at Upton is probably to be accounted for by supposing
he did so to make a home for his mother in her latest years.

Sarah went to live with her oldest son, Duncan, at West
Fairlee, Vt., sometime after 1819 and m. there, 1833, Israel
Gould, son of , and father of her }-oungest child,

* Despite repetition, it may not be amiss to insert the following, which
appeared, as part of " A Chapter of Stanford History,"' in The Peterboro (N.H.)
Tratisaipt, Nov., 1905. The first sentence refers, by implication, to Abner's
older bro, Joseph. Incidentally it may be slated here that the latter, altho a
Peterboro ^linute iMan, is omitted from the list of Revolutionary soldiers \n
Smith's History of Peterboro.

" Abner Stanford, the next younger child of Caleb, was born at Sherborn,
May 12, 1747, but did not remove to Dublin with the rest. He married at
Mendon, Mass., Nov. 24, 1768, Jemima Green, settled in I'pton, Mass., where he
reared a large family, and from there entered the army Ap il 27, 1775, and
served almost uninterruptedly, until his discharge in the summer of 17S3. His
name in this connection, appears repeatedly on the books of Upton, in the
county and in the state records. There are thirty eight c.irds relating to him in the
state archives, Boston, the substance of which will appear in the monumental series
of " Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the American Revolution." along with
the facts about Joseph Stanford, when that series reaches the letter S. The
notices of Abner include two descriptive lists, and refer to some half dozen
autograph signatures on the originals. He was then a corporal, thirty-three years
old, six feet high of light complexion, witli brown hair, blue eyes, enlisted for
" during the war."

" He was subsequently pensioned by the United States, as per record in the
Pension Office at Washington. At Dummerston, Vt., it is recorded that Abner
was married (2d) to Sarah Mackentire of Peterboro, N.H., (one of the good old
Scotch-Irish stock that played so large a part in the early history of the town)
It is also staled that their son Duncan (Jesse D.) was born at Peterboro, N.H.,
Sept. 26, 1798. An older sister, Clarissa, was probably born at Peterboro in
1796 or 1797. The name of Abner Stanford is on the Peterboro tax lists for 1796
and 1797, but not subsequently. The invoices previous to 1796 have not been
found, and we have no evidence how early Abner came to Peterboro, except that it
was probably after June 27, 17S8, when his son Joel, by Jemima, was born
at Upton.

" It is not our purpose to go into the history of Joseph or Abner in detail or
to follow them to their death, but simply to show their connection with

Arthur Willis Stanfokix

Peterboro, N. H., 7 Nov. 1905.

(Address ; Auburndale. Mass.) "



Wrantslow's first wife. Sec 13. He d. there Oct. ii, 1834,
aeed 68. She made her home there with Duncan until her
death, Jan., 1855 ; it is supposed she was buried in Sunnybeam
cemetery, Thetford, where Israel and his first wife, Martha
Sargent, have stones. Israel was a farmer for many years in
Thetford, near Sunnybeam. The children by Jemima were
all b. at Upton.

2 I. Hannah, b. July 9, 1769, t.r., m. at Hopkinton, May

6, 1 79 1, Benjamin Norcross, b. at Mendon, March
6, 1 77 1, son of Daniel Norcross, of Mendon, and

Abigail Chapin, of Hopkinton. She d. ■ -. He m.

(2) at Hopkinton, July 1 1, 1796, Nancy Lyon, b. .

He was a trader in Hopkinton and in Peekskill, N.Y.
He d. Dec. 8, 1807, or Aug. 30, 18 ri.

3 2. Lvman, b. Je 27. 1774, t.r.

4 3. Lois, b. Nov. 25, 1777, T.R.

5 4. Sally Washington, b. Oct. 15, 1783, t.r.

6 5. Jemima Green, b. May i, [786, t.r.

7 6. Joel, b. Je 27, 1788, t.r.

8 7. Clarissa, b. at Peterboro, ? 1797 ?

9 8. Jesse Duncan, b. at Peterboro, Sep 26, 1798, Dum. t.r.

10 9. Philinda, b. at Dummerston, May 9, 1801, t.r.

11 10. Samuel Stearns, b. at Dummerston. Jan. 23, 1803, t.r.

12 II. Willis, b. at Dummerston, Je 8, 1806, t.r. ^

13 12. Wrantslow, b. at Chesterfield, March 19, 18 12, f.b.

Lyman Stanford'' {Abncr'^ Calcb^ David,^ Thomas^

Thomas') m. at , Elizabeth Roberts, b. at •, Je 18, 1773,

dau. of John Roberts and Margaret Leland. He was inn-
keeper and farmer at Watervliet, N.Y., for twenty-five years or

longer and d. there Dec. 16, 1828. Shed, at •, March

I, 10, II or 15, 1843. Sec the Lehmd Mag., or a Geneal.

Record of Henry Leland i6^j-i8^o, by Shervian Leland ;

Boston, IVier and White, 18 jO, p. 121.

14 I. John Roberts, b. at . May 21, 1793.

15 2. Josiah, b. at Watervliet, Eeb. 26 or 28, 1795.

16 3- Charles, b. at , Apl24, 1797.

17 4. Hannah, b. at Orange, Ms., March 29, 1799.



18 5. Lawyer, b, ■ -March 29, 1800, d. • March 26,


19 6. Elizabeth, b. at WatervHet, Dec. 24, 1803.

20 7. Jemima, b. Je 23, 1806.

21 8. Lawyer Fay, b. May 21 or 22, 1809.

22 9. George Washington, b. Oct. 2, 18 12.

Lois Stanford" {Abner,^ Caleb,* David'^ Thomas^
TJioma^) ni. at Upton, March 5, 1799, by Benjamin Wood,
Israel Taft, of Upton, (intention, Feb. 20, 1799), b. at Upton,
Sep 22, 1777, son of Silas Taft and Eh'zabeth Sadler, of
Upton. The fact that this Israel Taft had a brother Berzaliel,
makes it natural that this Israel should name his son Bezaleel.
(Another Israel Taft was b. at Upton, Feb. 12, 1766, son of

Elisha and Experience Taft). He lived at Upton and d.

She d. there Feb. 22, 1832, aged 54, t.r. The children were
all b. at Upton.

23 I. Betsey, b. March 14, 1800, T.R., and d. at Upton, Aug.

I, 1844, unmarried, aged 44, t.r.

24 2. Amy, b. March 5. 1802, t.r.

25 3. Bezaleel, b. Je 19, 1804, t.r.

26 4. Patty, b. Je 10, 1806, t.r. (A Martha Taft's m. int. was

entered July 29, 1829, with Philander Hale, of
Northbridge, t.r.).

27 5. Lois, b. Sep 28, 1808, T.R., m. • .

28 6. Jemima, b. Oct. 27, 18 10, t.r., d. at Upton, Dec.

5, 1825, T.R.

29 7. Israel, b. May 3, 1813, m. Oct. 12, 1835, Mrs.

Elizabeth Cook [?j t.r.

30 8. Hannah, b. Dec. 26, 18 15, t.r., d. at Upton, Sep

6, 1 8 16, T.R.

31 9. Sally, b. Dec. 26, 181 5, twin, t.r. (perhaps d. at Upton,

Dec. 3, 1817, c.R. {See Upton V.S. p. 182.)

32 10. Charles Austin, b. Oct. 8, 1822, t.r.

Sally Washington Stanford" {Abner^ Caleb,* David?



Thomas i' Thomas^) m. at Milford, Nov. 13, 1806, by Sam'l,
Jones, Esq., Phinehas Davis Jr., b, at Milford, Jan. 16, 1770,

son of Phinehas Davis and Mary , of Milford. He d. at

Upton, Nov. 25, 1828, aged 59, t.r. She d. . Some

interesting deeds, household receipts, canceled notes, and
home trinkets, belonging to Sally and Phinehas, are now in
possessionof their grandson, Mr. Gilbert Rawson, of West Upton
\Scc 144). All children except the first, were born at Upton.

33 I. Daniel, b. at Miltord, March 3, 1806 (Upton t.r)

34 2. Diana, b. Nov. 11, 1808, t.r.

35 3. Sarah, b. ■

36 4. Mary, b. Je 23, 18 10, t.r.

37 5. Otis, b. Je 5, 1818.


Jemima Green Stanford" {Almcr,^ Caleb,^ Dazdd-^
TJionias'^ Thoi/ias^) m. and is said to have had children.

38 I. Bartholomew, b. d.

39 2. , a daughter.

Joel Stanford" {Ahner^ Caleb,^ David,^ Thomas,^
Thomas^) m. at Milford, Aug. 8. 181 1, by Rev. David Long,
Phila (t.r.) Wiswall, b. at Milford, Aug. 4, 1790, t.r., eighth
child of Timothy Wiswall and Diadama (t.r.) Daniels. He
lived in Milford, but spent the last three years of his life at Upton,
where he d. Jan. 4, 181 5, t.r., aged 26yrs. 6m. 7d. He was
a painter and farmer. " PI is widow survived many years and
built a house on a section of her father's estate " which includ-
ed the present granite quarry between Milford and Braggville.
The barn stood where the cutting shed now is ; the house
stood just across the present road and the trolley line passes
between the two sites. She d. of cancer, at Milford, Jan.
23, 185 1, aged 59yrs. 5m. jgd., t.r. Both were buried there.

40 I. Joel Lawyer, b, at Milford, Jan, 9, 1812, t.r.

41 2. Joanna, b. at Upton, Dec. 28, 18 13, t.r.




Clarissa Stanford" {Abucr,^ Caleb,'' David^ TJiomas,^
Thomas^) m. at Boston, Oct. 20, 1833, by Rev. Benjamin
Whittemore, George W. Phipps, t.r. They probably had
children. Nothing whatever was known about Clarissa,
beyond her name and the fact that my father had such a
sister ; there was a tradition, however, handed down to me by
Lorin Follett, to the effect that she m. at Boston, and went to
Maine to live ; this led to my discovery of her marriage, but
nothing further is known.


Jesse Duncan Stanford" {Abna;^ Calcb,^ David^
TJiovias'^ Thomas^) m. at West Fairlee, Vt., July 4, 1S24, by
Elisha Thayer, J. P., Eunice Whitcomb, t.r. b. at Fitzwilliam,

N.H., Aug. 6, 1795, dau. of Francis Whitcomb and Alice

T.R. She d. at West Fairlee, May 10, 1857, of apoplexy, aged
6iyrs. 9m. 4d., t.r., and was buried at South Fairlee, with stone.
He m. (2) at Fairlee, July 25, 1857, by S. T. Morey, J. P.,
Sarah Kendrick,T.R., b. atLyme, N.H,,Nov. 8, 18 10 (Leb.T.R.),
dau. of Thomas Kendrick and Alvina .

Jan. I, 1838 he bought for ^400, of Midas King, of Lan-
daff, N.H., a farm' of nearly one hundred acres, lot 5 range 6, in
West Fairlee, on what is still known as King Hill, Duncan
liv^ed there until after his second marriage, when, Apl 5, 1858,
he deeded the farm in consideration of $ 1000, to S. N. South-
worth and Calvin M. Holbrook, who probably were acting as
selectmen for the town ; for it is said that Duncan deeded his
farm to the town on condition he should be allowed the use of
it for a home so long as he lived, and on condition he should be
aided by the town in case he required such aid. At the
annual town meeting March i, 1859, it was "voted to refer
the matter of taking Duncan Stanford's farm, to the select-
men." The selectmen's report covering 1859, says : " we have

purchased the Stanford farm Balance due on the Stanford

farm, $ 292.83." At the annual town meeting, March 5, 1861,



the selectmen were appointed " a committee to settle with
Duncan Stanford " for the above balance. At the annual
meeting, 1862, the town voted to secure the selectmen from
all legal liabilities " for giving a warrantee deed of the Stanford
farm and for their paying over the money and interest for one
year." Presumably if Duncan had elected to live on his farm,
he could have spent the rest of his days there. It is said that
Sarah was discontented and persuaded him to move to Lyme,
and that then he wished to get the value of his farm from the
town, but this was not granted. He went to Lyme about i860
and lived there until about 1874, when he returned to West
Pairlee, and died there Oct: 28, 1875, t.r., at the house of
Loren Spaulding, near Berry's Corner, Blood Brook. He was
buried at South Fairlee ? She d, at Buttmanville (Lebanon),

N.H. at her sister's, , home, Oct. 23, 1899, and was buried

at Lyme in the David A. Warren lot, without stone. There
were no children by her.

42 I . Adeline Maria Morse, b. at West Fairlee, July 1 3, 1 830.

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

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