Arthur Young.

The farmer's tour through the east of England : being the register of a journey through various counties of this kingdom, to enquire into the state of agriculture, &c. ... (Volume 2) online

. (page 16 of 24)
Online LibraryArthur YoungThe farmer's tour through the east of England : being the register of a journey through various counties of this kingdom, to enquire into the state of agriculture, &c. ... (Volume 2) → online text (page 16 of 24)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


n,

rii



4 8



bui



7 4

I O;

8 4

4

3 15



THROUGH ENGLAND, 373

^f Experiment^ No. 44.

Culture t expencesy and produce of four acres

\U- vf drilled beans,

1770.

Culture,

The foil a good fandy loam on clay:

cropped with wheat in 1769; the ftubble

Jtrench ploughed with Ducket\ plough, 1

inches deep, in OSlober. In November it

was harrowed, and drilled with mazagan

beans in double rows, 14 inches afunder,

with 1 8 inch intervals : 4 bufhels of feed.

In April they were hand-hoed, and then

immed ; and the beginning of fune

nd-hoed and fhimmed again. Produce,

4 \ quarters per acre.

L, Expences.

!*loughlng, - - JT. o 12 o

Harrowing, - - 010

Drilling, - - - 016

Seed, - - - - o 16 o

W/^ater-furrowing, - - 013

Twice hand-hoeing, - 086

Shim twice, - - - 014

Pulling and binding, - 0100

H^rvefting, - -' - 040

Carry over, - 2157

B b 3



S74 THE FARMER'S TOUR

Brought over, - £'^ ^5 7
Thrafliing, - - - 050
Rent, i I .12

427

Produce,
4 f Quarters, at 32 j. ^ 740

Straw, I I load, • r 150



890

Expences, ; z 427



r



Profit, - - 4 6 J

General ohfervations,

Thefe experiments on beans including
many variations of foil, culture, and fort^
the conclufions to be drawn from ihem will
appear with the greater clearnefs, by form'
jng a table of averages as before done witl^
the wheat crops, q



r,

•tf
1 '



I



THROUGH ENGLAND. 375



, %* »- OS CO o\(x> o f^^^ -^ vovo I f^



P v2 crj
J- 00

ife,oooooooo6oo

j^ c^^rrjCOCOcocococrjTj-''^-';!-

o

)8 vo oo ^vo vo O <-• « t^ "+ t^

' i-i « M

« Cn O "H O VO <T>VO *0 C\0O N



ii>« ^r) C^VO c^POVocofrjcrjT}-'^^









c
E



i4



B b 4



Q



VO '"^




















x^




<s


N






2













N


^








^










CT;



CO


'


KO'


^O




►H


1-1






H-
^




^



9J



376 THE FARMER'S TOUR

The clear profit of 2/. loj. an acre
on fuch a variety of crops, moft of which
are mere fallows for wheat, is much more
confiderable than attends the bean culture
throughout nine tenths of the kingdom.
This great fuperiority is owing to the un-
common attention to keeping them perfectly
clean by hand and horfe-hoeing ; drilling
gives a fair opportunity for exerting culture
of this fort ; and it is evident from the
crops, how much benefit they reap by this
condud:. Common farmers do not make
near fuch a profit by wheat. What
therefore can thofe counties fay to this;
who continue in the abfurd courfe o6i
I, Fallow; 2, Wheat; 3. Beans? L
them perufe thefe experiments with candor £
Let them try the refult : It is impoflible h\x
they muft acknowledge the infinite fuperj

ority,

PEASE.

Experiment, No. 45.
Culture., expences, and produce of Jive acn
of drilled peafe.
1767.
Culture,

The foil of this field is a poor fand
|oam. It yielded wheat in 1 766 ; the ftub



THROUGH ENGLAND. 377

le of which was ploughed 1 2 inches deep
a Decetnber. In April ox-harrowed and
rofs ploughed, and then harrowed twice
lore ; after which it was ridged up in 3 \
:et lands ; and being harrowed once were
rilled in double rows, at 14 inches; the
iterval 2 feet 4 inches, with i \ bufhel
>■ acre of dwarf marrowfat peafe. In
\lay they were hand-hoed, and horfe-hoed
;ith fhim and double mould-board plough.
11 "June thefe three operations were repeated*
The crop 14 bufhels /Jdr acre.

Kxpences.



'irft ploughing.


-


- £


.0


12





harrowing.


-


-





n





iecond ploughing,


-


-





1


6


iarrowing.


-


-





I





Third ploughing.


-


-





6





harrowing,


-


-








6


drilling.


-


-





I


6


[ \ Bufhel feed,


-


-





12





Two hand-hoeings,


-


-





10





Shim twice.


-


-





I


4


Double mould-board


plough ditto.


,





8


Hooking,




-





6





Harvefting,




-





4





Thrafliing, 5




r





2


4


Carry over,


3


8


10



378 THE FARMER'S TOUR

Brought over, - ^.3 8 k

Carrying out, - - o i c

Rent, &c. - - I 2 c



4 II ic



Pro/luce.

1 4 Bufliels, at 6 J. 6 ^. - 4 ^^

I Load ftraw, at 15 J, !• o 7 (j



4 JS ^

Expencesj ^ ^ 4 i i ic



Profit, - - - 068



Experiment J No, 46.

Culture^ expences^ and produce of two acrei
of drilled peafe,

1767.
Culture,
The foil a fandy loam on a brick earths
fummer fallowed in 1766, when it received
four ploughings and two ox-harrowingy|J
being left on the 4 foot ridge by the laft earth'
in autumn. It would not have been fum-
mer fallowed, but was dcfigned for madder?
only the plants fell Ihort. In April the
ridges were reverfed by a ploughing, 10
inches deep. It was then harrowed ; and

about



THROUGH ENGLAND. 37^

ibout the end of May drilled with 2 bufliels
in arre of bhie union peafe, in double rows,
)f 14 inches, and 2 feet 10 inch intervals,
fhcy were once hand-hoed, and horfe-hoed
vith fliim and double mould-board once.
fhey were fold green in September, The
)rodu£i 10 facks ^tr acre, at 7 J, a fack.

Expences.






766. Four ploughings, -
Two ox-harrowings.


£


I



12

2


6




767. Ploughing,
Harrowing,









10





6


Drilling,


-







I


6


2 Bufhel


3 feed,







14





Hand-hjeing,
Shim,








6





8


Double mould-board,







I


2


Rent,


Produce.





n


4







5


12


4


Sacks, at 7^.


£-3 10











traw,


I





4


T r\







r


-


1 U


Lofs,


I


2,


4



38o THE FARMER'S TOUR

Experiment, No. 47.
Culture^ expencesy and produce of four acre
of drilled peafe.
1768.
Culture,

Soil, a fandy loam, was cropped witi
oats in 1767; the ftubble of which waj
ploughed up in January, Crofs ploughec
the beginning of April, and harrowec
twice. Manured it with i o loads an acre
of London dung, which were ploughed ir
and the land harrowed. It was then landec
up on to 3 -i feet ridges, harrowed, anc
drilled with dwarf marrowfat peafe> i \
bufhel an acre, in double rows, at 1 4 inches
with intervals of 2 feet 4 inches. The}
were once hand-hoed, and horfe-hoec
twice with fliim, and once with the doubk
mould-board plough. The crop was fold or
the land for pods, at 3/. an acre, but ex-
tremely blighted.

Expences,
Firft ploughing, - jC* ^ 7 ^

Second ditto, - 076

Harrowing, - - 02c

I o Loads dung, (54 bufhels each)

at los. - - 50c

Third ploughing, - 04^

Carry over, «• t i ^



I



THROUGH ENGLAND. 381

Brought over, - /^. 6 i 6

Harrowing, - - 006

Fourth ploughing, - 046

Harrowing, - - 006

, Drilling, - 016

I i Bufhel feed, - - 0106

Hand-hoeing, - - 050

Shim, - - ~ o I 4

■ Double mould-board plough, o i 2

Rent, &c. - - 120

8 8 6



produLC,

tCrop, - - /;. 3 o o
IStraw, - - o 15 o



'



Lofs, - - 4 13 6

General obfervations.

The fuccefs of drilling peafe has proved
very bad in thefe trials, and yet the atten-
tion given the crops was by no means de-
ficient. The mofl proper fields in the farm
were chofen, and no omiflions were made
in the cleaning them while growing. The
; event does not condemn the drill culture of
this vegetable, becaufe the trials are not
numerous, and were confined to two forts

of



382 THE FARMER»s TOUR

of pea only; neither of which is much
cultivated any where, except in the neigh^
bourhood of London.

Experiment, No. 46. Lofs, ^.i 24
47. Ditto, 4 13 6



5 15 i<>



45. Profit, o 6 Sf



■^



Total lofs, - - 5 9 #



Average, - - i 16 4



mi

i\

i

11)1



It would be prepojFterous to affert, frpn)
the above experiments, that thefe peaf^
cannot be profitably cultivated : at the fame
time it fliould be remarked, that the great
advantages to be-expeded depend on acci-
dental circum.ftances, particularly on the
price being high at market. But even in
that cafe, the gentleman, who cannot
attend the fale, muft not exped the profit?
of gardeners. This laft circumftance, at-
tended with the uncertainties of the cropi'
has made Mr. Ari^utbnot determine to leave
it out of his courfe, and fubilitute beans,'
which he can confumc himfelf, or always
find a ready market for.

He entertains no doubts concerning the

propriety



\\



THROUGH ENGLAND. 383

'ftpriety of drilling peafe from the pre-

ing ill fuccei's ; on the contrary, ia

(fe he cultivates them in future, he is

illy determined never to fow then^

i any other manner ; not only from

1 e conviction of his reafon, but alfo from

irious oblervations. He recorrimends for

;iall peafe, double rows, at 14 inches,

- ith 2 feet intervals ; the two rows fhould,

hile young, be thrown fo much together

' the double mould-board plough, as to

em to form but one row^ : but great care

aft be taken to do it early enough to

raid breaking the haulm. The ^^ecds

|(id better get up, than the vine be dif-

,rbed when of any growth.

TURNIPS.

Experiment, No. 48.

filturCy expencesy and produce of four acres
of drilled turnips,
1768.
Culture.
The pea ftubble of Experiment, No. 47.
as ploughed up imjned lately after gather-
,»g : the whole Vv'as then dunged again
ith 10 loads aa acre from the farm yard;
fhich was then turned in by another
S plous;hing,



384 THE FARMER'S TOUR

ploughing, throwing it on to 4 feet landsj
^fter harrowing they were part drilled ; 01
acre with common turnips broad-caft, aiiJ
3 acres drilled with Reynold's turnip ; dou-
ble rows, at 14 inches, with 2 feet 4 incll
interval ; both the beginning of AuguA
They were once hand-hoed, but horfel
hoeing was prevented by wet. The conaj
mon turnips were confumed by ewes ai
lambs, and were worth 3 /. The oth
were fed off in April \ the 3 acres kept i^
ewes and 140 lambs a fortnight; worf
3 ^. a couple per week. They eat then
greedily ; when pared down to the groiriii
they were taken up with turnip hooS ™
and the fheep eat them clean. The wei
of the plants did not exceed | of a lb. top
and all : The fhoots were 2 feet high th
middle of April.

Account of the turnips.
Expences.
Furrowing, - - £-03

Manuring, 10 loads, at 6^. - 3 o <
Ploughing, - ' 07

Harrow^ing, - - -01
Sowing and feed, - - 01
Hand-hoeing, z - 06

^ 18



i\



i



THROUGH ENGLAND. 385

Brought over, total expences, X^. 3 1 8 6

Produce.
Value of the crop, • - 300



Lofs, - ^ *


18


6


Account q£ Reynold s\ turnips






Expe'nces.






■urrowing, - - 6


3





♦Manuring, " * ~ 3








'loughing, * *


7


6


iarrowing, ^ -


I





)rilling, - - -


I


6


eed, - - **


I


6


land-hoeing, - »-


7






Produce*
y keeping 140 fheep 2 weeks,
at 3^. 3/. 10 J. ; the third of
which 18, - - 134



Lofs, - - 2 18






2



♦itto by common turnips, o i 8 6

xcefs of the former, - i 1 9 8

Vol. II. C c



386 THE FARMER'S TOUR

Obfervations,

This experiment is not ofFered as a fulL-
comparifon between the two plants, be-
caufe Augujl is too late for either, and
particularly fo for the cabbage turnip,
which is directed to be fown in March^
and planted in ywie ; it had not therefore
a fair trial ; but it is of no flight confe-^
quence to know that the common turnip
will yield fo large a produce as 3/. an actfC
from fo late a fowing ; and at the facjf
time that the other plant will then prcjQ
duce but a trifling crop : this is evident
proved : a crop of turnips of 3 /. aftCi
peafe of the fame year, is highly bene
ficial.



Experime?it, No. 49.
Culture, expences^ . and produce, of twv
acres of drilled tiumips.
1768.
Culture,

Two acres of ftrong loam, on brj^
earth, yielded drilled peafe in 1767; tl
ftubble ploughed in OElober^ and the laa
water-furrowed. In April it was fliirre
again and harrov>^ed. After this, it w

2 l€






'



THROUGH ENGLAND. 3S7

l^t till June, when, it received another
ploughing and harrowing : the 30th,
frilled It in double rows, at fourteen
ches, with two feet ten inch intervals.
Ks foon as the plants came up, fix facks
er acre of wood afhes were fown over
hem, not only as a manure, but to pre-
srve them from the fly. They were hand-
oed twice, and horfe-hoed with fhim
nd double mould-board plough as often,
.""he confumption of the crop was as fol-
ws : an high head-land on one fide the
dd was ploughed twelve inches deep, and
e fheep folded on It, after being well
|ttered with flraw : the turnips were then
iven in cribs : the two acres kept 1 64
leep and lambs fix weeks and two days j
|iey were turned out of the pen at noon :
€ value of the keeping 2 ^. a w^eek.

Expences.



irft ploughing,


I-





7


6


i/^ater-furrowing.


-








3


5cond ploughing,


-





6





farrowing,








I





^Tiird ploughing,


■«•





6





Carry over,


I





9



C 2



388 THE FARMER'S TOUR




Brought over, - ^.


I





9


Drilling,


o


I


6


Seed,


o





4


Wood afhcs and fowing.


o


6





•Hand-hoeing twice.


o


8





Shim twice, .


o


I


A


Double mould-board plough ditto.


o


•2





Carting to the fold,


o


15


^ :


Rent,


I


^


^fe



Total, . 3 18

Produce.
Keeping 164 fheep fix weeks and
two days, at 2d. 4/. 2s. ; the
half is - - 11



Lofs, - - ^ ^7






Experiment^ No. ^o^
Culture^ expellees^ and produce^ of thru \s\<i
acres of drilled turnips.

Culture.
This piece yielded turnips in 1769,
was defigned for madder ; but plants wej
wanting : trench-ploughed it in fune^ ai
drilled it the lOth q^ July^ part in ro^

equal]



THROUGH ENGLAND. 389

:qually diftant, three feet, with rows of
ucerne between. They were twice hand-
loed, and fhimmed three times : the hi-
erne was deftroyed by the fly, before
hey began the turnips, the latter being
aved by burning weeds. The rows, at
8 inches, were attacked by a grey grub';
oot was fown to kill them ; but had no
ffed. Part of this piece is a gravelly
3il ; and it is remarkable, that the grub
at only thofe parts ; this was probably
)wing to the more luxuriant growth of the
eft of the field. The eighteen-inch rows
vcre only hand-hoed, as thefe intervals
vould not admit the horfe-hoe, without
langer of burying the plants.

Expences,



Ploughing,


C ic





riarrowing,


I





Drilling,





6


Jeed,





2


iand-hoeing twice,


9





)him twice, »-


I


4


lent, &c.


I 2






Total,

C c 3



390 THE FARMER'S TOUR

One fquare perch, the beft that could
be found among the eighteen-
inch rows, was pulled and
weighed, - - 2ioiK;

One fquare perch of the three-feet
rows weighed, - - 244



3



Superiority, - - 34

N, B. The perch of the three-feet rowi
was not near fo good as what had beei
drawn for the iheep before this experi-
ment was made.

Experiment., No. 51.

Culture, expences, and produce, of one\

acre of drilled turnips.

1770.

Culture.

The foil of this acre is a rich, de6J
black mould : it was fummer fallowed 1!
1769, when it received two earths. li
May it was ploughed again, and well harf
rowed : in fiine another earth was givei
and frefh harrowing. It was then manure
ivith nine loads an acre of frefh yard dun^
which was ploughed in, and the lam

agali



li'



THROUGH ENGLAND. 391

again harrowed. It was then drilled with
turnips, in rows equally diftant, two feet
afunder, and twice hand -hoed. Thcfe are
to be tranfplanted, to ftand for feed : they
are to be planted in equidiflant rows,
three feet and an half afunder, and are to
be at two feet diftance in the rows.

Expences.

1769. Two ploughings,

1770. Third earth,



Harrowing,

Fourth earth.

Harrowing,

Manuring,

Fifth earth.

Harrowing,

Drilling,

Seed,

Twice hand-hoeing.

Rent, &c.

Total,



o
o
o
o
o

o
o

O 2

o o

O 10

- 4



12

6
I

4
I

4
I



Obfervations,
The experiment. No. 50, fhews the
great advantage of horfe-hoeing turnips
which could not be performed in the eigh-
C c 4 teen -inch



392 THE FARMER'S TOUR

teen-inch rows without danger of burying
the plants ; but Mr. Arhuthnot is of opi-
nion, that two-feet rows will admit of fuf-
ficient culture with the horfe-hoe, and
produce a larger crop than in rows at three
feet diftance.

PREVENTING THE FLY.
INIr. Arbuthnot has tried various receipts
to deftroy the turnip fly ; but none of them
have anfwered, except the following.

He collects all forts of green weeds
from hedges, hedge-rows, &c. mixes
them with ftraw, and lays them on heaps
on the windward fide of the field : they
are then fet on fire, fo that the wind may
blow the fmoak over the whole field. But
it fhould be obferved, that the weeds muft
not be withered too much, as it is the
fmothering of the flame that produces the
fmoak, which is expeded to have the de-.
fired effed:. This drives away the fly at
once, and faves the crop: he this year
preferved ten acres, on which the fly had
begun, by purfuing this method: they
were fafe in three or four days. This
hint he received from Mr, Booths of

Clcndon^ in t^orthamptonJJnrc^

CAB.



THROUGH ENGLAND. 393

CABBAGES.

ILxperijncnty No. 52.
Culture y expences^ and produce y of four
acres of cabbages.
1769,
Culture,
The foil a fandy loam, on brick earth.
n 1768 it yielded barley, the ftubble of
fhich was ploughed up the 12th of Sep-
mber^ 14 inches deep, with the great
rheel plough, and twice harrowed. It
ras then planted with various forts of
ardeners cabbages : the rows equally di-
:ant, at 18 inches and two feet, and the
ia]ftjant5 one foot afunder in the rows : they
Bu! irere once hand -hoed : three acres were
ed ofF with ewes and lambs : they main-
lined 270 ewes, and 70 lambs, a fort-
sight, in April and May^ at 3^^. a week.
J. B. A very mild winter from Mkhaelma,^
D Chriflmas, The other acre was fold to
%ovent-Garden by the bunch ; from fix to
welve in a bunch, at 3^^. At two feet
7 one, there are 21780 plants on an
ere, which, at ten for 3^. come to
.7/. 4/. 6d,

1 Exprnce^






^94 THE FARMER'S TOUR '

Expences.

Ploughing, - £-014

Harrowing, - - 01

Planting, - - o 12

Seed, and feed-bed, &;c. -07

Hand-hoeing, ^ ^ 1

Water-furrowing, - 00

Rent, &c. - - J 2_

Total, - 3 3

Produce.
Keeping 350 fheep, at 3^. is

8/. 15/. 8^. or per acre, 2 18
Lofs, - - 05

'Experiment^ No. 53.
Culture^ expences., and produce of a roof.
of cabbages.

Culture.
The foil flrong loam on clay, fallow
in 1769; manured with twelve loads j
acre of yard dung ; in Othbcr ridged ij
four feet lands ; harrowed the beginnk
of May^ and the 8 th planted, two roi
equally diftant, one foot from plant j
plant. They have been twice hand-ho«
once with fhim, and once with the doul
mould-board plough.



THROUGH ENGLAND. 395





Expeftces.










1769.


Three ploughings,


C


I





6


f77o-


Manuring,







12





*- ■


Harrowing,







I







Fourth ploughing,







6







Harrowing,







I





:


Planting,







5





w


Two hand-hoeings,







7







Shim,










8


f.


Doublemould-boardplougho


I


2




Rent, &c.




•^


4






Total, - - 804

Experiment^ No. 54.

i Culture and expences of a rood (f
cabbages.

1770.
Culture,
The proportion and management of this
food the fame as the preceding, only it was
'drilled when the ridges of the other were
planted ; the great Scotch cabbage feed,
double rows on each ridge. Some rows
planted. Other lands were at the fame
time drilled with a cabbage from North-
m^mptonfiire : a fugar-loaf fort, foft, and of






I



396 THE FARMER'S TOUR

a pale green. May 29, hand-hoed, but
did not fet them out. June 6, the plants
xvere pricked out from the drills, leaving
the remainder two feet apart : then all were
hand-hoed. June 28, the drilled beds
were horfe-hoed, and the furrows ftruct
with double mould-board plough, yul^
16, the plants that were pricked out wert
tranfplanted for good. Augujl 2, the
tranfplantcd were hand and horfe-hoed,
and the drills the fame. The 24th, both
were horfe-hoed, and earthed up, witl
double mould-board plough. Novemba
5, the beft Scotch was picked out of th(
drilled: he weighed, « 20ilb

A Northampton ditto, - - 1 3 I

A Scotch tranfplanted, - 10 {

A Northampton ditto, - 8

The drilled being in a dlHant field, man^
were flolen : they were therefore obligee
to be confumed : it could not therefore b(
known how lon^ they would ftand th(
winter.

The Northampton fort much the for-
wardeft : a proof that they will not laf

fo well,

ExpeJices



THROUGH ENGLAND. ,397



Jiii



i
m
k





Expences.








1769.


Three ploughings.


Ci


12







Harrowing,





I


d




Fourth ploughing.





6







Harrowing,





I







Drilling,





I







Seed,





2







Thrice hand-hoeing.





10







Shim,





I


4




Double mould-board,








4




Rent, &c
Total,


2,


4







7





8



Experiment y No. 55.

Culture and expences of three roods of
cabbages,

1770.
Culture,
The land a rich turnip foil. In 1769,
it yielded madder, which was taken up
iin the fpring of 1770, ploughed in Aprll^
and harrowed ; then drew furrov>^s four
feet afunder, in which madder was planted,
on a dreffing of rabbit dung, 60 facks per
I acre. The beginning o^June it wa^ taken
up again, the plants being wanted for an-
other place : the i6th of Julyt Scotch and

Norths



£-0

O



398 THE FARMER'S TOUR

'Northamptonflnre cabbage-plants were fet ii
the furrows after being new drawn ; th'
rows four feet by two from plant to plant
they have been horfe-hoed with the fhin
^hrice, and with the double mould-boarc
wice, befides two hand-hoeings : the lal
was for drawing in the earth, after th
double mould-board, to the plants.

Exfences,
Firft ploughing,
Harrowing, - -

Manuring,
Drawing furrows,
Planting,
Shim thrice.

Double mould-board twice.
Two hand-hoeings,
Hent, &c.

Total,

'Experiment^ No. 56.
Culture and expcnces of cne acre
cabbages,

1770.
Culture,

The foil a deep black mould, failowec'
in 1769, being ploughed five times ; agaii



o
o
o
o
o
I



7
I

ID
O

5

2 i

1

6



i:



5. 15 i,^



THROUGH ENGLAND, 399

1 April, 1770, when it was alfo ox-
arrowed four times in a place; ftirred
gain in May, and again harrowed ; an-
ither ploughing in June, and two har-
owings ; manured with nine loads an acre
f yard dung ; ploughed it in, and har-
owed again ; ft ruck the furrows, and
)lanted with cabbages three feet by two.
rhey have been twice hand-hoed, and
himmed once.

Expences,



1769.


Five earths.


>C.i


10





1770.


Sixth ditto,





6







Harrowing,


c


4








Seventh earth,





6







Harrovv^ing,





4





\


Eighth earth,





5


c




Harrowing,





I







Manuring,





15


6




Ninth earth,





5







Harrowing,





I







Striking furrows.





I


6




Planting,





8







Hand-hoeing,





6







Shim,








8




Rent, &c.

Total, ;:


. 2.


4







s"


17


_8



400 THE FARMER'S TOUR

BARLEY.

'Experiment^ No. 57.

Culture, expences, and produce of four acre:

and a half of drilled barley,

1767.

Culture,

The foil of this field is a very ftrong

clayey loam : it was cropped with whea

In 1766, the ftubble of which was ploughec

up at Michaelmas, In April it was flii

down and harrowed, after which it waf

landed up in four- feet ridges, and drilled.,

double rows, at fourteen inches, on each

ridge ; one bulhel and a half of feed per

acre. It was twice horfe-hoed with fliim,

and thrice with the double mould-board

plough. The produd two quarters and a

half per acre.

Expences,



Fir ft ploughing,


- ;C.





8


6


Second ditto,


-





6





Harrowing,


-





I





Third ploughing.


-


G


4


6


Drilling,


■k





I


6


Seed,


w





4


6



Carry oyer,



THROUGH ENGLAND. 4.01



Brought


over,


£


. I


6





Shim twice,


-







I


4


Double mould-board thrice,







3


6


Reaping,


•y •







5





Hcirvefting,


-











6


riiraihing.


-







4


2.


P.cnt, &c.


-




I








"arrying out,


-










6



Total, r 370

Produce.

two quarters and a half, at 26/. 350
^traw, one load, - - 0160

Total, - 410

Rxpences, - 370

[rofit, - * o 14 o

Exparmenfy No. 58.
ilture^ expencesy and produce cf two acres i
1767.
Culture.

"The foil a ftrong loam ; yielded oats in
.'66 ; the ftubble ploughed in lands in


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Online LibraryArthur YoungThe farmer's tour through the east of England : being the register of a journey through various counties of this kingdom, to enquire into the state of agriculture, &c. ... (Volume 2) → online text (page 16 of 24)