Arthur Young.

The farmer's tour through the east of England : being the register of a journey through various counties of this kingdom, to enquire into the state of agriculture, &c. ... (Volume 4) online

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14/. To Mansfield by Neivfiead waft el
foreft; land ; we muft not call the rent*
more than is. 6d. This is a tract of 261
miles, the average of which is not above!
js. 6d.

From Mansfield to Alfreton is inclofed
and rich, 18 s.; about Alfreton ios.\ to;
Derby, on an average, 16/; about Derby>V
1 8 .r; from Radb urn, about For mark, ijs.y
to Ham, Long fiord, &c. 1 o s. ; from Derby ,j
towards Matlock, 16s.; about Matlock 8 j. '
to 40 s. ; average 1 2 s. from thence to!
Chatfiworth 15/.; about the latter place|
10 s. from Chatfiworth to c Tiddfiwell, moft of!
it inclofed, and cultivated, from 51. to30J.!
average 14^; about Tiddfiwell, 15 j.; thence!
to Chefierfield much at 1 2 J. to 15J. but;
as there are fome wafte tracts, we muft not
reckon this line at more than ioj-. About

Chefiterfield



THROUGH ENGLAND. 221

Che/lerjield at 17^.; from Cbefierfield, to
Lnwton and Parkhill, by Work/op ; as part
of this trad: was included in my lad Tour,
I muft allow for it, that no part of the
kingdom may be reckoned twice ; the ave-
rage I mall call ioj. About Gateford*
foreft, 3 -f.; old inclofures 1 2 s. 6 d. ; aver-
age 1 ox.; for fome miles around Blyth
1, ioj-.; to Doncajier ditto; about that town
1 co s, ; from Doncajier to Broad/worthy around
>,the latter; a limeftone at 6s.; about Womb-
. ivc/l, through a large tract, 16 s. ; about
Barn/ley and Warth 18/. Returning lbuth-
ward we come to Retford, about which place
the rents are from 5 s. to 40 s ; average
I 14^.; from Retford^ great tracts, towards
\ Clumber and Thorejby, wafte, call it is. 6d.
From Durham to Lincoln ijs. and part
... ioj. ; average 12s.

Here ends a tract of various country, the
extent 344 miles ; I have calculated the
proportions, and find the average 13 J - .
td.

About Lincoln 4/.; Boot ham \os. ; Can-
ivick 6 s. ; to Summer cattle, and about it
6 s. 6d.; Lincoln to Sleaford 12 s. This

is






222 THE FARMER'S TOUR

is a tract of poor land of 50 miles, the
average of which is 12 s.

At Sleaford begins the richer country ;
about Swineherd, at 22 s.; to Long Sutton
20 s. ; from Barton, on the Humber, to
Long Sutton, 100 miles, at 20 s.; Long
Sutton to Levering ton 20;.; thence to
Lynn i6j. This is a trad: of 149 miles,
at 20 s.

From and about Lynn to Runcfon 17 s.
to Majfmgham 7 s. 6 d.; from Z/y/z# to Snet-k
tijham 2s. 6d.; about Snettifoam ioj\ ;,
thence to War ham ioj\ ; from War bam to
fib// 14 j. ; about Biakeney and Sherringham
1 5 j. ; to Melton, fome 141. but commons
will reduce it to i2- r . ; to AyljJoam 14^.;
to Norwich 1 2 j. ; about Norwich 16 s.
thence to Bracon AJh i$s.; Norwich to
Yarraouth 14/.

This line of country extends through the
county of Norfolk ; the diftance is 150;
miles, and the average is 1 1 s. 6 d.

To Beccles 1 2 s. ; from thence to Toxford
1 2 j - .; about Saxfiiundham 14/. A lar«-e
tract near Woodbridge, (heep- walks, 4 j. 6 ^/.
other lands 1 6 J. ; the average I reckon
about 1 o s. ; Woodbridge to Ipfwich 1 3 j. ;

about.



THROUGH ENGLAND. 223

dx)ut Bramford lis, 6d. ; to Hadleigh 13 s,
around that place i$s.\ to Lavenbam 12 s.
to Stow Market 10 s. 6 d. ; from Lavenbam
to Haft e ad qs. to 20 j. ; average 14 .r.;
from Hadleigh to Colcbefter 14 j.; from
thence to Witham 1 3 x . ; to Chelmsford
1 1 j. ; thence to Dim/now 12 s, , Dunmoia to
Hockerill 15/.; Dunmow to Brainiree 1 5 J". ;
: 'ditto to Tbaxtead and C/^r,? 15^.; Horkerill
to //^-zn? 1 5 J".; about Youngsberry iis.\
thence to North Minis 10 s.

This is an extent of 224 miles, and the
average rent is 13 j.

From London to Peterjham, 40 j. ; thence
to and about Mitcham, 15 j. * about Cheam^
10 j. Cuddington* i$s. to Carjhalton, iox,
about »S7. Mary's Cray i ias. Darifordy Sec,
20 j. Here we enter the fine AV/;:
loams on chalk. To Nort/feet, 20/. to
Chalk, lys. to Sittingburn y 1 5 a ; about
Feverjbam many hop-grounds at 3/. ioj^;
but a fmall diftance, fome at I2.r. average
20 j.; to MaidftonCy 10 s. to Canterbury,
10 j. the IJle of Sbeepyy us,) Canterbury to
Beak/bum much good land at 20/. and
fome hop grounds ; but much chalky hill
at 6 /. ; call it 1 5 f. About Addffiaxi, 6 /. ;

to



-24 TH£ FARMER'S TOUR

to the IJle of Thanet, by Pre/ion, 1 8 s. ; at
St. Nicholas in the ifland, 2 cm. : northward
towards Margate, 1 2 j. ; to Minfier 1 7 j. ;
the marili land in the fouthern part, 20 s. ;
from Sandwich to !>#/, 1 7 J". ; from thence
to Dover the foil declines much ; we may-
reckon it at 1 o s. : towards Hythe, 1 5 s. ;
about Sandgate the crops are good ; we
may fuppofe it ioj-. ; about Hythe, the
hills 8 J. 6</. the lower grounds 20 j. ave-
rage, 1 5 J".; half way to Romney, 15/.;
Romney marfh, 70,000 acres, at 20 s.

Here ends Kent, and a line of country,
all good, of 219 miles, in which, for the
fake of including them, I call the IJle of
Sheeppy 15 miles, and Romney marfh as
much: the average rent is \$s. gd.

About Rye, 1 7 s. 6d.to Hawkhurji, 12 s. ;
from thence to Battle, 16 s. to Burwajb,
10 s.\ from thence to Lewis, various ; fome
pretty rich, but much wafte about Heffel;
I do not reckon the average more than 8 s.
Lewes to Hook and Sheffield-Place, about
the latter, \os. fuppofe the whole, js.6d.
Lewes to Brighthelmflone, all downs, 4s. ;
thence to Steyning, the fame ; from Steyn-
ing to Arundel, 13 s. 6 d. the inclofed, but
2 the



THROUGH ENGLAND. 225

the downs into the bargain, I calculate
the average at 6 s. From Shoreham by
Walberton to Cbichejter y 25 miles, at 20^
At Bignor Park, \os.\ thence to Cbicbefter
lower, as much down : I calculate it at
js. 6d. About Chichejier, 40 j-. to Havant,
1 8 J-. to Portfmouth, much poor chalk:
we will call it on an average with the rich
lands, 1 2 J".

The IJle of Wight, \1s.6d. From South-
ampton to Alrcsford, 8 s. from Alresford to
Crux Eajlon, 5/. ditto to P or tf mouth, 10s,
ditto to Bajingstoke, js. ditto to Andover^
6 s. From Rcdbridge to Gilbury, and then
to Lymington, feveral minutes ; but New
ForeJ} takes up fo confiderable a part of the
country, that it reduces the rent of the reft
infinitely ; I mall not calculate this line at
more than 2/. 6d. From Lymington to
Chrijlchurch, ijs. Chrijlchurch to Winborn,
2os. Chrijlchurch to Ring-wood, 12 s.

Here ends Hampfiire, and a line of ex-
tremely various country, extending 329
miles, including 30 in the IJle of Wight i
the average is ics. qd.

From Ringivood to CritchiU, the good
10 j-. but much common reduces it to 8- r .

Vol. IV. CL To



226 THE FARMER'S TOUR

To Poole, much good land, but the laft
four miles wade ; from Poole to Charbro\
for fix or' feven miles, wafte ; inclofures
there 20X. ; this whole tract I fhall reckon
at 7 J". 6 d. Many waftes to Warchaniy and
alfo to More ton ; 2 s. 6d. I think, is high
enough to rate it. About Moreton, 12 x.
to Dorchejler^ two minutes, 20 x. and
1 os. 6d. all inclofed ; the average I fhall
call 1 2 j. 6 d. About Carney us. to Ridg-
way-bill, 7 s. thence to Weymouth y 1 5 x.
About Mi/bourn, ioj. to Blandfordy 8 /.
Around Milton- Abbey, 8x. 6d. From
DorcheJIer to Bridporty acrofs Mr. Hardy's
farm of 1 1,000 acres, at about 5.5-. the laft
four miles at 40 s. To Mapperton, 20 x.
About Brammerton, 2.0 s. To S her bourn
and Teovily 20s. To Dorchejiery 10 x.
Bridport to Axminjlery \2s.

Here I leave Dorfetjhire ; this is a line
of 154 miles, and the average rent is
1 ox. 9</.

From Axminjier to Leigh, 1 8 x. thence to
Ilminftery 1 3 x. from Z#fl^ to Haunt on, 1 6 x.
Taunton-Dean vale, 2 ox. thence to 7kf/7-
vertoriy ijs. 6d. to Bridgwater, 20 x.
Bridgwater to Axbridge, 2js.6d. King's

Sedgmoor 3



:



k



THROUGH ENGLAND. 227

Sedgmoor, 2s. 6d. Quantoc hills, fuppofe
6d. at Glajionbury, 20 s. to 40 j. to Wells ^
25. r. from Bridgwater thither I fhall call
|l7J. At Compton, 25 s. To Bath, none
under 20 s. fay 22/. 6^/. From Wells thither,
20 J. ; about that city for fome miles, 30 s.

This line extends through SomerfetJJ:ire
160 miles, and the mean rent is i8x. 6 d.

From Bath to Melkjham, but one mi-
aute, 1 o s. to 40 j. but there being much
down, I fhall not call it more than 12 s.
Thence to Devizes, 25 s. thence to MarU
W at Bundway, 16 s. 6d. Bifljops Can~
,20ns, \$s. Overton, 16 s. average, 15 s*
hod. but I fliall call it no more than i$s t
rrom Marlbrd* to Hungerford, 15 J". 6*/*
jirhis line acrofs Wiltfiire is 44' miles, and
jhe medium rent, 16 s.

From Hungerford to Newbury, 13J. the
^/? 0/* White Horfe, 20s. Newbury to
Heading, lys. about Reading, 20s. to Har-
yford, i$s. This tract of ' Berkflnre is 62
'niles, and the average 1 6 s. 9 d.

Harleford to Beconsfield, js.6d. around

hat place, the arable 7 .r. the grafs 1 7 x.

)</. fuppofe the medium 14.S. From U#-.

mdge to Barnet, two minutes, the grafs

Q_2 25/.



228 THE FARMER'S TOUR

25 s. to 40 j. and 30J. to 3/.; and arable
12 s. 6d. The medium, as there is much
grafs, I calculate at 25 s. It is a line of 27
miles at ijs.

Recapitulation.

Miles. Rent.
From North Minis to the /. s. d.

vale of Aylejbury, thro'

the C hilt em, - 28 o 11 o

Thro' the vale to Blifworth, 37 1 10
From Blifworth to Notting-
ham, - 129 o 17 a
From Nottingham to Mans-

field, - 26 o 7 6

From thence to Lincoln, 344 o 13 6
Through the poor parts of

Lincolnjldire, - 50 o 12 o

To Lynn, through the rich

clays of Lincolnshire and

and Norfolk, - 1 49 1 o

Through Norfolk, - 150 on

Through Suffolk, Effex, and

Herts, - - 224 o 13

From London, through part

of Surry and Kent, 219 o 15

Through Suffcx and Hamp-

Jljire, - 329 o 10

Through Dorfet/hire, 154 o 10

Through SomcrfetJIAre, 160 018

Through Wiltjlnre, - 44 016
Through Berkfiire, - 62 o 16
Ditto Backinghamfhire and

Middle fex, - 27 J o. 17



THROUGH ENGLAND.



229



I have calculated thefe proportions, and
find the average rent to be juft 14J. an
1 acre.

It gives me pleafure to find, that this
very extenfive tract of country is, upon an
average, let at fo good a rent. That of
the counties travelled in my laft Tour was
! but us. yd. Hence we find, how much
richer, and better cultivated, this part of
the kingdom is.

Miles.\
That part of the country
, travelled in the Six Weeks

Tour, of which minutes
I of rent were taken, was 459
iDitto in Tour through the

North of England, 1 45 1

[The part of the prefent

journey that contains

rent, - 2067



3977



Rent,
/. s. d.



O 12



O II



H



In this line through England, of near
Four thoufand miles, the general average
Is 13J.



CL3



-30



THE FARMER'S TOUR



LETTER XLIV.



' a ^ H E Products of Corn require
A. very little introduction ; it is not only
a matter of much curiofity to know the aver
age, but ajfo of great public utility to b
informed of the variations and the circum-;
fiances on which they depend. In the fol
lowing meets I throw thofe of white corr
into progrelTivc tables, according to the rem
of the land.



Place.



HetKfJfead,

Triag,

Ilafelbcsc b,

GUndon,

Quenby,

Laivtoff,



Gateford,
£ljtbe y



Rents to ios. an acre.

Bujbels.



Rent.



io o

io o

6 o

IO o

IO o

8 o



O IO o
3 IO O




252V48

1; 2422J16
1 53216
24.3464

18 2432



22 36



-1"



243240



Sundry cireitmftavct



37JMuch good hufban
|dry in general.

1 8 Open fields.

21

40 Open fields.,

clay.
24iMuch open fie]

and bad hu(ba>

dry.



30
30






THi,C TT GH ENGLAND. 231

Bujheh. I

I a 1 ? 'C 2 ^ Sundry circurnftances



Places



\ Rent.



I s. d.

Mr. Wharton at o 10 0*15

// >. eatly,

Broad/hvortb, ,o 60,15

Boot bam, iO IO 0[l6



Can-ic.\ ; ;, o

Sir Cecil Wray, o

About Summer p

caftle,
Majfuigham, O



7 623
7 0,20
7 ! 20



24.322423

2o'24 ! I5 l8j

2436 24^5 Execrable hufban-

I I I i dl 7-

28 262024I

4.0

34; 2 4



8 o 1



4 34!



War ham,

Che am,
Carjhaiton,
Buri'jajh,
Frarr.fidd,
Sbejjield Place,
\IJle of Wight,
Alresford,



!o 8 6 24

|o 10 024.

[o 10 0^24

jO 10 o 24
|io

o 10 o 24

'o 10 020

|o 8 o ! i6





26



36

3240

3 2 32|

3 2 !



52



Cr it chill, p IO 0:2 2

Came, p 5 017

Milhourn, o 10 o 16

Milton Abbey, p 8 616

Beconsjield, o 9016



Average, o 8 10



3032,
2432,

2o'24j
24I24I

24' 2 7
2424



29 Good hufbandry,

light fand.
3° Ditto.

29
28

26
28

28
26



20 29 32 21 26



Thin loam on chalk
hills.



Rents from 10 s. to 15 j-. an acre*

Bujheh. 1
Places. Rent. ^ ba C >i K Sundry circurnftances.



Jjlejbury,



o 14 o



Suckinghamjh. 10 15 o
Blijhvorth, jo 12 O



16



16

2 Sao



'15 Very bad hufbandry
on rich clay, open
fields.

16

4- 2 ^\



232 THE FARMER'S TOUR

Bujheh.



Places.



Raa'a rn,
For mark,
Retford,
Run SI on,
Snettijham,
Bumham to

Wells,
Sberringbam,
Melton,
dyljham,



Bracon AJh, p 15 c"

Mr. Be-vor, 'o 15 0J3644

Shottejban:, p 1 4 Oj3

Mr. Fellows, p 14 o|28 32J

Flegg Hundred, 'o 15 0283240

<fiouth of Beecles,'o 12 o 10I20I3 z

Oaxmundham, \o 14 c!2- ! 5 2 3 2




Bramfcrd,
Mr. „#?«#,
Hr.dleigb,
Hajlead,
Borebam,
Dunmo^w to

Hockerill,
Hackerill to

Ware,
Tfoungsbury,
Morden,
St. Mary Cray,



Slttingbourn,
Beak/turn,
Ifu of Tha.net ',



Near Dover,

Rye,

Thence to
HavokburJ},



c 12 6126.32 36:

O 12 632U

o 15 p3« 34*34

o 14 6;2o 24 28:

o 11 024.

o ic 028



;o 15 oJ4



4048.

4048'



4-8



O 12 O 20 30 32
3 12 0J2J32J4PI

14 01244044



o 15 02840!
o 14 0128 28I3

O 14 0'S2 40

I



15 02432
15 01244044

12 O 24 36



Sundry circumftanccs.



27

3 i Very good hufban-

dry.
33
40
24



2 S Good land well cul-
tivated.
hiiGood huibandrv.

36

124

! 1 -

3/

Li

•y-

J3 6 Fine loam on chalk,
and good hufban-
dry.

34
29

3°'Rich loam, chiefly
drilled and hand-
hoed.

28

36






THROUGH ENGLAND. 23-3



Places.



'-iawkburfi,
' 7 indcn,
Gilbury,
Moreton,

'■eigh,

?. Canons,

\)onnington,

iarLyford,

Uahmore,



Averages,



Rent.



s.d.
12 o



Bufoeh.






to, O



20 30 32
13 624361
10 6, 2028^2



£? ^ Sundry circumjlances.



018 .2424 12 19 Very bad manage-
ment.



12 6120,25 24

15 0323232

15 02432:40

11 0,2436^8

12 624



13 6



2 <;



23

32

32

32
24



323621 30



Rents from 15/. to 20 s.

Bu/bels.



Places



iockfon,
At. Booth,

Vijhley,

ilfreton,

Qbatjhvortb to
Tiddjkvell,

fidd/hvell,
^.hejierfield,
Vombivell,

1 jeveri};gton,
Valpole,
larlbam,
Fooduridge,

4r. A/pin,
lolcbejler,
°eterjbam,
Zuddington,




I o o 40 40

16 o 28148

1 o o 24 32
o 17 024I32



64

4° 24

4°;



Sundry ciraonftances.



Excellent hufbandry
and much catde.



Very fine rich loam.
* Barley big.



38 Admirable manage-
ment.


46 Ditto.
30
32



234 THE FARMER'S TOUR



Places.



Near Dartford,



Nortbfeet,

Fe-verjha?n,

Prejlon,



JJIe ofThanet,
Ditto,

Sandwich to
Deal,

Hytbe,
WalbertOn,
Mr. Turnery
Hwvant,
JJIe of 'Wight,
Ditto,

Ditto,

Charbcrough,

Mapperton,

Axminfier,

1 aunton,

Halfwell,

Bridgwater,

Rundtuay,

Overton,

Marl, to Hung.

Fale W. Horfe,

Reading,

Averages,



Rent.



BuJhcU.




P(<? ^ Sundry circumjlances.



o o 3 2 64



o 032
0032



0180 32132



1 o o 32 40
o 17 o'28'4o

OI7O 28'32



024

0:32
28



°| 2 43°;

0,32:44

o3 2 ;44



ji 00 32^0
o 16 012630
o 16 o 16 24

jo l8 O 20;30

ll o 020*25

18 o 15I18

I !

1 o 020130

o 16 6>8:28
o 16 0:2832

15 6 16:24

1 o 040!

1 o o ! 26|40



56



o 1710263646



49



28
I32
38
30

41
47

46

30

24
I 7

22

19
125

z8


U

44
38
1 '
2434



Fine loam on ha Ik,
and excellent huf-
bandry.

Ditto.

Fine rich loam, and
much drilling and
horfe-hoeing.

Ditto chiefly drilled.

Ditto.

Some drilled, but
in general infe-
rior to the ifland.



Rich ftiff clay.



Very fine fandy

loam.
Ditto.









Rich clay.
Verybadhufbandry.






THROUGH ENGLAND. 235

Rents above 201. an acre.



Place.



Doncajler,

S-vuinebead,

Chicbefler,

Bridport,

Compton,

Averages,



Rent.



I. s. d.



10
2

10
o

5



to

o 3032

03030






o|3 =



» 13 4 ! 3°,34



ujhi


/,.






fc
<*




80


34


48


?2




28


64




44







34


4^




33


;>


34


3-



Sundry circum-
Jlances.

Rich fand.



Recapitulation.

Bujbeh.



Rents to ioj.
Ditto 10 j. to 15 s.
Ditto 15 j. to 20 j.
Ditto above 20/.

General average,



Rent.



I. s. d.^

o 8 1020

o 13 625

17 1026

1 «3 4|3



o 14 924



3-



32 21

36

46J24

5 1 34



26

1 3°



38 , 22i3o



1



Upon this table, which is the average of
fuch numerous articles, I rauft, in the firft
place, obferve, that the rent coming within
gd. of the article rent, alone, unmixed
with other circumftances, is a confirmation
that our calculations are probably accurate.
The general average products are of,
"\Vheat, 3 quarters,



236 THE FARMER'S TOUR

Barley, 4 ditto,

Oats, 4 quarters 6 bufhels,

Rye, 2 quarters 6 bufhels,

And the medium of all thefe, 3 quar-
ters 6 bufhels,
They fhew that throughout the countries now
travelled, both foil and culture are good.
The former alone could not have fo general
an effect ; the latter is of great confequence,
as appears by the regular gradation of pro-
ducts in proportion to rent, which is re-
markably unbroken ; in wheat totally ; in
barley, except one flight variation ; oats
unbroken ; rye the fame ; and the average
of them alfo.

But I fhould here remark, that a circum-
fiance is to be remembered which is very
important, and raifes thefe products much*
it is, that the table includes very numerous
minutes from fome whole counties, parti-
cularly Norfolk, Suffolk, Eff'ex, and Kent-*
where fummer fallows are extremely rare;
hence thefe products are the more confider-
able, from being gained in fo many places*
without the attendant lofs of fallows ; this
circumftance raiies them to be fuperior
to thofe in the Northern Tour, though,

what



THROUGH ENGLAND. 237

what is very remarkable, wheat and bar-
ley, in the average product, is the fame in
both.

Refpecting the proportion between the
rent and average produces of all white corn,
the following table will mew it.

Rent. J Prod. | Rent per bufiel.
I s. d. I /. s. d.

o 8 10 J 26 004

o 13 6 J 30 I o o 5 $

17 10 J 34 [ o o 6f

1 13 4 I 37 o o iox



Average, 30 j o o 5 {

I — : l —

Product, though it rifes with rent, is not
at all proportioned to it : 17 s. lod. is about
the double of Ss.iod.; the latter produc-
ing 26 bufhels ; the former mould yield 52,
whereas it is only 34, and the fame with
all the reft. But the confideration which
explains this difficulty is the expence of
cultivation ; the land that yields the 26
bufhels, cofts as much in every thing but
rent, as that which produces the 37 ; con-
fequently a fmall increafe of product will
make it anfwer much to the farmer, to give
a great apparent increafe of rent, becaufe
that is the only increafe.



238 THE FARMER'S TOUR



LETTER XLV.



I Shall, in the next place, beg leave to lay
before you the average produces of peafe
and beans, diftinguiihing the hoed and the
unhoed; from the comparifon between them,
we fhall probably be able to draw forne
conclufions of importance.

Rents to ios. an acre.



Place.


Rent


.


Peafe


Peafe


Bean


Bean


Sundry cir-




h s.


d.'unho.


hoed.


unho. hoed.


cumjlances.


Hemp/leed


o IO


ol 25








Drill and ho


Tring


O IO


20


35







fome.


Hazelbeach


o 6


12










Glendon


O IO


0; 32




3 2






Quenby


O IO


1




24






Laivton


o 8


OJ 22




21






Gatefapd
Broaafivorth


O IO

o 6


22

01 14










Bootham


O IO


o[ 24










Can-wick


o 7


6 14










Sir C. Wray


° 7


16










Summer - Cafle
fVarbam


o 7
o 8


16
6. 20




24






Ckeam


O IO


24










Carjkalton
Sheffield Placi
IJle of Wight
Alresford


O IO
O IO
O IO

o 8


o| 20
oi 24
o| 28
o 1 16




28






Beconsfeld


o 9





20




20


I




Averages


o 8


9


20


35


25 1





THROUGH ENGLAND. 239

Kent s from 10 s. to 15 s. per acre.



Place.



Rent.



/. s.

Jylejbury jo 1 4

Buckingham jo 75

Bli/ivortb o 12

Radburn o 1 4

Runilon |o 14

Snetti/bam p 12

Aylfoam o 14
//t^- Hundred 015

5ok. o/" Beccles o 1 2

Braccn Ajh o 1 5

Saxmundbam o 14



Hadleigb O 15

Hajiead O 14

Boreham p lO
Dunmoiv to

Hockeril O 1 5

Ditto to Wareo 15

Tcungjberry ,0 1 2

Morden o 12

! Sittingbur?i ,0 1 5



i Beaksbum

, JJIe of Tbanet
Dover
Sandgate
Rye



14

o 14
o 15

o 15



To HazviburJ? o I 2



Gilbury

Moreton

Donnington

Harlcyford

Stanmore



o 10
o 12
o 15
I I
O 12



Averages o 13 ic



Pea/APeafe Bean Bean Sundry circumjlance;.
unbo. boed. unho. bced.
28
24
28
28
20
16
28
20

24



20
20



2 4

16
16



20
16



24



24



28
28
32



32
28



28



32



32
28
20



26



36



40



52
40

36
32
32

40

36



36
40

33



Many in drills, but
all well hand-hoed.
Fine fandy foil.



Very bad managem.

All drilled, and hor.

and hand-hoed.
All ditto, the beans

rich manured.
Ditto.
Drilled and hor.hoe.

The beans bro. caft,
but twice hand-ho.



Drilled and hor. ho.

Ditto.

In rows.



240 THE FARMERS TOUR



Rents from 15 s. to 20 s, an acre.



Pla



Rent.



Hockjlon [o 1 6

Mr. Booth I o



Dijbley

Chefterfield

Wombnvell

Le*verington

Walpole

Earlham

Woodbridge



Colchefer



Northfeet

Fenjerjham

Prejion

IJIe of Thanet

Ditto

Hythe

Mr. Turner

IJIe of Wight

Ditto

Mapperton

Taunton

Mr. Anderdonl

Mr. Coombs

Halfwell

Bridgewater

Vale W. Horfe I

Reading i



16

17
16
18

»7
16

16



o 16



Peterjham I o

Mr. Arbuthnot o 1 6

Cuddington |o 1 7

Dartford I O



O

O

18

o

17

o

o

o

16

o
o
o

o
o
o



P<?fl/e 7V«/2 Zfc<2«
unho. hoed.unho
24
40



Averages o 18 4



20
24

24



o
o

o 16
o



I 2

zo



14

2 5



12



28



3 2



10





40
28



19 J 29



40

44
28



3 2



28

32
24



32

20





24
20



20





Bean' Sundry circumjlancts*
hoed.

Drills and hoes th«
peafe.

:Fine loam.
32
40 Drilled and hoed.

50 Many drilled, &al ;

kept as clean as ;

garden.
52 generally in drills

all kept gardei

clean.



28



Drilled and ho. hoe.



40 All drilled and ham r

and horfe-hoed. i-
48 'Ditto, ditto
44 iDitto
40 iDitto
36 iDitto
36 jDitto
40

40 Drilled & hand ho<
jBroad-caft dunged



Set beans promifci
[Drilled & hand he
Ditto.



40



27 38



Drilled St horfe h



THROUGH ENGLAND, 241



Rents above zcs. an acre.



ftoce*


Rent. Peafe Peafe


Bean




Sundry clr-




I. s. d. unho. hoed.'unbo.


cumft.:. i


S-vjinehcad


I 2 O




24






Chichejier


l 10


28








(Ccmptcn I 5 o\ 16 !








Recapitulation,




1 Peafe Peafe


Bean


Beans




I. s. d.vunho. hoed.


unho.


heed.


Rents to ids. an acre


8 9' 20


35


2 5




Ditto from 10 s. to 1 5 j.


13 IO : 21


23


2b


33


Ditto from 15 s. to 20 s.


1 3 4 19 1 29


27


3 j


General average,


H 3


23 29


26


38






Buf&els,


Peafe, hoed, - 29


Ditto unh(


)ed,


-








20



Superiority,

Beans, hoed,
Ditto unhoed,

Superiority,



33
26

12



It is impofftble too repeatedly to inforce
the neceflity of hoeing peafe and beans ;
every review we take of the husbandry of
the kingdom abounds with frefh proof of
the real importance of this culture: is it
not aftonifhing, that fo many tracts of

Vol. IV. R country



242 THE FARMER'S TOUR

country mould remain in fo barbarous a
ftate, as to perfift in the contrary mode
of flovenlinefs ?

Suppofe the price 3 s. a bufhel, the
fuperiority per acre, is 1 /. 71.; and in
beans 1 /. 16/. though the extra expence
of hoeing in moft cafes is faved in the feed :
but fuppofe it came to ys. an acre, there
is 1 /. pervert faving on the peafe ; and
1 /. 9 s. on the beans : is not this a
moft ftriking contraft !

But by means of keeping th^m clean,
they in one cafe are a fallow, followed
by wheat or barley ; in the other a crop
fucceeded by a fallow. This difference
muft be decifive to the leaft attentive reader:
if it was calculated through a courfe, the
importance of it would appear much greater
than may at firft be conceived. As I


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Online LibraryArthur YoungThe farmer's tour through the east of England : being the register of a journey through various counties of this kingdom, to enquire into the state of agriculture, &c. ... (Volume 4) → online text (page 10 of 25)