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-— -i- By manifMUtion of the trdth, commeiidiiig oaneWei to OTery i
coMcience ia the fight of G5d. — 2 Cor. !▼. 2.



• CImrk ^ lUuer^ PrinterSf 33 CaHer's AVUy.


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Through the goodness of God, which we desire most thankfollj to
acknowledge, the Christian Advocate, and its original Editor, have both
survived to the close of a seventh year. That either would live to the
present time, was, at the commencement of this Miscellany, very pro-
blematical. But both have been spared ; and this work now receives a pa-
tronage which, if continued, will ensure its permanence. SUII, it is not
such a patronage as we think ought to be aflforded, to the only periodical
publication in the United States, which, while invariably catholick in its
tone toward all evangelical protestant denominations, has been, for a se-
ries of years, the steady, open, and unequivocal advocate of Presbyterian
institutions, doctrines, and measures— in opposition to much that has
been, and still is, either calculated or intended to discredit, undermine
and subvert them. The Editor feels how difficult it is to speak properly*
of himself and of his work, and will therefore say but little — That little,
however, he will say very plainly, and let it stand for what it is worth.
He says then, that he has no wish to interfere with other evangelical pub-
lications of any kind; and that he has recommended, and earnestly en-
deavoured to promote, the circulation of some, the reception of which he
was sensible might eause the relinquishment of his own — Against this ef-
fect of what he has done, he wishes to protest; and to say that he shall
think it hard, if his zeal to help others shall be found to have injured him-
self. He has no objection that his patrons should cherish new friends,
provided they do not abandon an old one; for he will risk the ^vanity of
saying, that he veri]y believes they will not find the new, better than the
old. It is his determination to endeavour still to improve this M)iga-
zine, and he thinks he has the prospect of adding something to its vaUte
—He has been favoured with a larger number of subscribers in the last,
than in any previous year; and he hopes there will not be a diminution,
but a liberal increase, of the number (still short of twelve hundred) in
the year to come-^lf ay the remnant of his days be more earnestly and
unreservedly than ever, consecrated to the service and glory of that
divine Master, to whom h^ is soon to render up his account; and may
the Master's blessing rest on his well meant humble labours,

IT' ' '^ '' . r^ '^

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Afchives du ChTUtianisme, Eztncti from,

Affaire, Publick, U, 92, 143, 189, 2S6,

332. 381. 430, 477. 5^, 574.
Albrecht of Halkr, Notice of, 100;
Aurtriim Medals, 273.
Annual Report, Seventeenth, of the Boerd
of Direclore of the Theological Semi-
nary, 279.
Auxiliary Societies to the General

biy's Board of Missions, 284.
Anecdote of Rev. Mr. Easlbum, 22.
American Bible Society, 285.
Antiquarian Society, French, 315.
Archives of Christianity, Letter from the
Editors of, to General Assembly of
Presbyterian Church, 329.
Africa, South, 472, 520.
Alexander's Letter, 505, 552.
Atmosphere, Dry, 566.
Authors, Modern, 566.
Atlantick and Pacifick, Connexion of,

Bugg, George, on Geology, 20.

Boring for Watei, 27.

Bishop A., Letter from, 28.

Blanc, Andrew, Essay of, 6.

Bookselling Enterprise, 83.

Blind, Insutution for, 133.

Bees, 182.

Buenos Ayres, 186.

Banana, 273.

Budhism, Histoiy and Doctrine of, 273.

Bible, Plea for, 343, 388.

Banian, or Bur Tree, 3d7.

Beeswax, New Applicstion of, 462.

Bible, 516.

Bible Societies, Foreign, View of, 517.

Breakwater, 568.

Buenos Ayrea» Letter from, 569.

Candles and Oil, Comparison between,

Cottou Growers, Important to, 182.
Cave, New, in Peters' Township, 183.
Critical Exposition of 2 Cor. xii. 16^ 293.
Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage, 357.

IChristUnity and Literature, Reviewed*
Columbian College, 413.

Cotton, Growth of, 26,
Charcoal, Animal, 27. '

Congregational Dissenters in Britain, 30.
Communications relative to the General
Assembly's Board of Missions, 30, 31,

Contributions to FUnda of General As-
sembly, 43.

Carey, Lettere from, 79.

Cure for a Cold, 83.

Controversies, Drelincourt's, 102, 248,

Chinese Newspaper, 132.

Cochineal Insects, 133.

I Christian Charity Explained, Reviewed, .
Chocolate, Substitute for, 462.
Clergyman's Common-place Book, 486.
Christianity among the Hotfentots, 565.
Card-making Biacfaine, 567.

Dispute, M<Calla with Campbell, 23*
Dyspepsia, 27.
Discovery, Interesting, 134.
Deacons, 258.

Dry Rot, Essay on, by Commodore Bar-
ron, 368.
Destructive Gale, 368.
Davy, Sir H., Biographical Sketch of, 513.

Evangelical Church Journal, Extracts

from, 11,29, 100.
Earthquake in Spain, 28, 273.
Extracts, 11, 29.

Ely, E. Stiles, Lettere from, 30—40.
Extract from Essay on Faith, 56.
-^— from Hymns for Infant Schools,

Eye of the Whale, 83.

Earthquake, 83.

Ely, Dr., Resigns his Agency, 91.

Executive Committee of Board of Mis-
sions, Circulan from, 134.

Education Board of General Assembly,

Evangelical Church Journal of Berlin,
Extracts from, 308.

Emblems from Nature, 362.

Earl of Dartmouth, 368.

Expedition to South Seas^ 462.

Education, 463.

Evidence, Internal, 560.

Faith, Justification by, 6.
France, State of Reli^on in, IL
Faith in the PrevenUon and Cure of DiS'
eases, 13.

Extract fh>m Essay on, 56.

Free Will, on, 150,204.
Fenelon's Letters, 316.

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Father Clement, 316,

Florida, an Appeal in behalf of, 418.

Family Monitor, Reviewed, 453.

Filberts, 463.

Foster's Experiments on Light, 565.

Geology, Strictures on, \7.

Glow.sh6lI, Light of, 26.

Gold Washings, 27.

Ginger. 27.

Gas Spring, 27.

Germany, State of Religion in, 58.

Gold Region of North Carolina, 272.

Gold Mines, 368.

General Assembly, Meeting of, 273.

■ Resolutions of, on In-

temperance, 279.
General Assembly's Letter to the Protest-
ant Churches in France, 325.
General Assembly, Letters addressed to,
with the Answers returned, 375, 427,
463. ,

Good Beginning, 285.
Gentleman's Magazine, 315.
Glory of God declared by the Heavens,
491. •

Hints to Scepticks, 55,

Highways in France, 224.

Henry's Letters, 273.

Home's introduction to the Scriptures,

Hymn to the Spirit, 394.
Humboldt's Journey to Siberia, 462.

Idle Words, 22.

Infant Schools, Hymn for, 57.

Intemperance, 305, 354, 400, 447.

Indians, Exemplary Life of, 368.

Insanity, on, 413.

Ice Mountain, Extract from a Letter, 414.

Indian Plaster, 462.

Irving, Washington, Estimate of his Writ-
ings, 508, 561.

Influence of Pious Women in promoting
a Revival, 522.

Justification, E^ssay on, 6.
Journal, Sea, of Miss M. Ogden, 68.
Jay's Morning Exercises, Reviewed, 223.
Jaenicke, John, Biographical Notice of.
392, 435.

King George the Fourth and Old Mode-
ration, 72.
Kent's Commentaries, 273.
Kentucky, a Word from, 417.
King, Rev. Jenas, Letter from, 426.
Kittredge's Address, 499, 549.

Lectures on the Catechism, 1, 49, 97, 145.
193, 241, 289. 337, 385, 433, 481, 530.
List of New Publications^ 28.
Level of the Sea, 26.
Letter from A. Bishop, 26.
Letter from Dr. Carey, &c., 9.
Liquors, U»e of, in the Army, 133.
Liberia, Presby teriaii Charcb of, 185.


Leaf Insects, Habitd of, 367.

Letter of Mr. John S. Thomson to the
Cor. Sec. of Assembly's Board of Mis-
sions, 468.

Latimer, Bishop. Extract from a Discourse
of, 365. *

M^Calla on Christian Baptism, Reviewed*
23, 73. 127, 176, 286, il6, 369, 415.

Missions of the General Assembly, 30. 83.
141.184,225. ' •

' Best Method of oonductinr, 61.

123,166,217. '

Moderation, Old, and King George 4th»

Maelstrom, Whirlpool, 81.

Missionary Sea Journal, 119.

Maueh Chunk Coal Mines, 133.

MQtal, New, 182.

Mammoth, Tusks of, 224.

Martyn's Life tmnslated into French, 225.

Mississippi Valley, 272.

Missions of General Assembly, Board of.

281, 467.
Minutes of General Assembly, 282,323.
II Magnetick Needle, Dip of, 315.
Missionary Society of London, 404.
Meteor at Bangor, 463.
Missionaries, Reports of, 523. .

Noiices, Short, of recent Publications, 78.
Nevins, John W., his BibUcal Antiqui-

tics, 78. ^

New Year's Eve, 175.
Neologism, 257.

— German, Reviewed, 266, 309,

New Theologicd Work, 412.

Ornithological Ventriloquism, 26.

Orrery of Rittenhooae, 82.

Oil filtered through Charcoal, 83.

Old Age, Christian, 155.

Oriental Illustration of Psalm xxiii. 5. 175.

Organtck Remains, 224.

Oberlin, Pastor, Sirasburg Medal to the

Memory of, 225. .
Original Sin, 362.
Oyster Trees, 565.

Poetry, 9, 22.

Potatoe prohibited in France, 28.

Publications, List oL 28, 134.

Phoca, 133.

Ploughs, Roman, 182.

Provident Society, General Clerical, of

London, 224.
ProtesUnts in France, 224.
Pompeii, Excavations at, 225.
Paraphrase on Psalm cxxxvii., 442.
Progressive Population and Extent of

Russia, 461.
Prussick Acid, 462.
Presbytery of Watertown, N. Y. 469.

Remember Me, 9.

Religion, State of, in France, 11.

Remarks, Editorial, 15.

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Reviews, 23, 73.
Renwriuble Occmrenoe, 82.
Rittenhottae't Orrery, 82.
Ruite^, 3. T., Appoint Aent of, 91.
Recent Publications, Short Notice of, 78,

Rain, Lai^ Drops of, 224.
Religion, Narrative of State of, 374.
Ross's Steam Vessel, 367.
Reasons for |[oing to Church late, 403.
Reports of Missionaries, 422.
Religion andi^ational Prosperity, Intimate

Connexion between, 558.
Rumford Premium, 566«
RaiMo>% 567.

Sandwich Islands, 38, 363.

State erf" Religion in France, 11.

Sea Serpent, 27.

Sttictures on Modern Geology, 17.

Shell, Glow, 26.

Sects, Religious, in Russia, 29.

Dinscnters in Rritain, 30.

S^pticks, Hints to, 55.

State of Religion in North of Germany,

58, 117.
Silk, 82, 463.
Speech in General Synod of Ul«ter, 105,

169,211. , *

Season, the, 183. .
Sugar, Manufacture of, in United States,

Stuart, Rev. James H., Memoir of, 197.
Sabbath Question before Congress &ir}y

stated, 221.
Sunday Schools, Influence and Tendency

of, 246.
Statistical Report of Presbyterian Church,

Scepticism converted into Faith by the

Narrative of a Missionary, 346.
Synodictil and Presbyterial Reports, 430.
Speech of Rev. Dr. Phifip, Extract from,


Sacred Cock and Hen, 502.
South Seas, 519.

Snake, Cure of the Bite of, by common

Hartshorn, 567.
Sugar Cane, 567.'

Treasurer's Accounts, 43, 92, 188, 235,
287, 332, (15extrs,) 429,476, 526, 574.
of Receipts for

Board of Missions, 142, 235, 987, 332,
(16 Extra), 429, 477, 526^ 573.

Timbuctoo, 27, 131.

Tea Plant, 132.

Tales of the Moors, Waaliington Irving's,

Traveller, Notes of, 161, 206, 252, 302,
348. 394, 443, 492, 540.

Travellifig, Expeditious, between Liver-
pool and Manchester, 182.

Tunnel, Conemaugh, 183.

TVerman, Rev. Daniel, Death of, 187.

Thomson, Mrs. Margaret, Obituary No-
tice of, 437.

Thine eyes shall see the King in his
beauty, 539.

University of London, 182.
Ultra Ganges, 519.

Ventriloquism of a Bird, 26.
Voyages aux Alpes, 273.
Valuable Application, 463.
Victory over the World, 487, 536.

Words, Idle, 22.

Whirlpool, Maelstrom, 81.

Whale, Eye of, 83.

Winter, Severe, in Russia, 83.

Water Compsnies in London, 224.

Wild Fowl in the Mexican Lakes, 272.

Woman of Shunem, Edmeston's, 312.

Woollen Fabricks, Fraudulent Admixture

of Cotton in, 3 15.
Wrexham Church, Epitaph in, 315.
West's Picture, 367.
Wants of the South and West, 467.
^est Indies, Letters from, 570.

York Mtoster, 224.

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JANUARY, 182g.

Heltgtou^ Commttnicatton^.



iscTums xxxth.

When God from mount Sioai,
delivered the moral law, as com-
prehended in the Decalogue or Ten
CommandmeDts/ he introduced it,
as we are informed^Esudus xx. 2,
lurith these solemn and emphatic
words — *' I am the Lord thy God,
which have brought thee out of the
land of £g7Rt, out of the house of
bondage." These words our Cate-
chism, with great propriety, deno-
minates—*' the Preface of the Ten
Commandroento." A preface is
^'somcrthing spoken introductory to
the main design,"* aid is intended
to prepare the hearef or reader to
receive what follows, with better
understanding, and with more at-
tention and regard, lian he might
otherwise do: And it will appear
that the words with .which the De-
calogue was introduced are most
admirably calculated to produce
these effects, when wt consider, as
our Catechism affirms, that *'The
Preface to the Ten Commandments
teacheth us, that because God is
the Lord, and our God, and Re-
deemer, therefore we are bound to
keep all his commandments.''

There seems to be no reasonable

• Johnson's Dictk>nary.
Vol. VIL-^. Jdv.

ground whatever, for the notion
which some have entertained, that
the words we consider were in-
tended to be a preface to the first
commandment only, And not to the
• rest. Some special reference or
application to the first, they may
have; but they direct our attention
to considerations which powerfully
enforce every other precept which
follows. Even the duties which
we owe to each other, derive their
highest sanction from the relation
in which we stand to God, and from
the requirements of his holy law.

The answer of the catechisn under
consideration, and tlie text of Scrip-
ture to which it relates* specify rea-
sons, calculated to show that we are
bound to keep all the command-
ments of God. The divine conde-
ucenrion in this matter, ought not to
escape our notice. The great Lord
of heaven and earth does not rest
his requisitions on authority mere-
ly. He assigns the reasons why we
should yield to his commands; the
motives, in view of which we should
feel obliged, and be persuaded to a
cordial obedience; and thus he
seeks to draw and urge us to our
duty, by all the considerations
tbat'ShouW influence rational be-
ings— by all that can operate on the
principlea of gratitude and love, as
well as on our sense of justice and
propriety. Me acts in this, not as
an arbitrary sovtreigUy but as a
tender and condescendinK father.

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When Gac rvn r*
delivered int in"-t -r*
prehended :i ti!* I»rr. -
Command xD*'i i* ii-. -.
as we are TL»"Tn»L L-
with these *»timiT s~
words — " I LXL f »* I,- -
which have unn^^- »•■*
land of Egri**- in.!. :
bondage.''^ T?t^r-» w^- .
chism, wiih f^- ! *■ ■; ■
ttiinalcs— ^ tif» 3*^.*r'
CommaDdseiak'*' f
" something ^piiK*T r -
the maiD di v i^ ''^ >■
to pqipaie the tffST^ ^^
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vnderstan^m^ ant r
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^atthe wordfvn:vv
ralofioe was

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^, :atcd

-^ • under

- _ .ehovah,

•St. Yoo
erj awful
-^_ s emphati-

j are boaod
rid to be for
■er. Nor can
.- and follj that

-i() these obliga-
... Thcj arc. on
nected with pri-
^^ings bejond the
;;e to describe. If
^ate joar obligations
• I's, if jron trulj com-
^ terms of the gospel
faithful and covenant-
•I will, on his part, grant
' blessings of that cove-
w 1 i I, so to speak, give jon
Hewillbeto joaallthat
• ifv Jehovah can be, tocrea-
• f your limited capacity. As
^ v\ liter expresses it — "He
.1 Ke over all nis glorious attri-

- cUi(] excellences to be jours;
ij.iiity to be the extent of jour
. tiice; his eternitj to be the

(jl jour happiness; his un-
./f.ibleness to be the rock of

rest; his wisdop ^^'is-^^ct
, his power to pr '«

r. ess to sanctify ■ •

cqiiit jou; his

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Lectures on the Shorter CkUechism.


The preface of the ten command-
ments teaches us, 1« — That Qod U
the Lord, I have heretofore had
occasion to observe that the He-
brew word Jehovah is almost uni-
formly, bj our translators, rendered
Lordr-^lt is so rendered in the pre-
sent instance. Our Maker assigns
it as the first and formal reason
whj we should keep all his com-
mandments, that he is Jehovah;
that is, as this name imports, *' the
eternal, immutal^e, and almiehtj
God, having his bein^ in and of
himself, and giving being to all his
words and works."* As he is then
the source of all existence, and of
all power, wisdom, justice, good-
ness, and truth, he must be seen
and acknowledged, bj everj ra-
tional creature to have a Hght to
command. There can be no such
thing as rightful and reasonable
authoritj, if it does noi belone to
the Being whose power is almighty;
and who possesses every other at-
tribute, which can give full assur-
ance that the power possessed will
be wisely,' and equitably, and kind-
ly exercised. The consideration,
tnerefore, of the very nature and
attributes of God, shows in the
clearest manner, that we ought to
love and obey him with all our
hearts, and with the utmost promp-
titude and cheerfulness. This is,
and always, has been, the indispen-
sable duty of every individual of
the human race. Hence the pre-
face to the Decalogue, as well as
each of the commands which it
contains — and this is worthy of
particular notice— is directed to
individuals, and not to communi-
ties—'' I am thy God— TAou shalt
have no other gods before me." It
is a personal concern of every child
of Adam, without any. exceptioD
and without any excuse or 4ela|r,
to yield unreserved obedience to
God, in all that He commands.

2. The second reason or conside-
ration which is assigfied, why we

* Larger Catechism.

should keep all the commands of
Jehovah is, that he is our ^od— " I
am the Lord thy Qod,^^

Every rational and moral being
has his God. The object which he
supremely loves, to whose authority
he submits, and whose favour and
approbation he mo$t seeks and re-

fards, is his God. The heathen
ave their idol gods, which receive
their homage and their offerings:
And all unsanctified men, even
under the light of the gospel, have
some creature objects wnich are
really their idols — creature objects
to which their hearts are given,
from which they seek their supreme
happiness, to which they do hom-
age, and to which they are subser-
vient even to abject devotion.

The ancient Israelites, to whom
the words ** I am the Lord thy
God" were first addressed, were
the descendants of Abraham, with
whom, and his seed, Jehovah had
entered into a solemn covenant,
and given them the rite of circum-
cision as the sign and seal of that
covenant. At this very time, they
bore the evidence of the covenant
ill their flesh. Ti(ey had moreover
the special presence of Jehovah
amons; them, and the overwhelming
manifestation of his power and
majesty before thejr eyes, in the
burning mouut, and had actually
consented ta enter, renewed ly and
formally, into covenant with Him
who now uttered his voice from
amidst the awful exhibitions of Si-
nai. To them, therefore, the words
"I am thy God" were addressed
with a peculiar emphasis. Jehovah
was the covenant God of them and
their fathers; he4iad been faithful
to his covenant; he had been asto-
nishingly compassionate and con-
descending to themselves, and they
had anew and VQluntarily cotasented .
to be his peculiar and obedient peo-
ple: And to have the Almighty
Sovereign of the universe thus
|)lede;cd to them, provided they
should prove faithful to their part
of tb» covenant, ensured to them

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Lecttireaan the Shorter Catechi$m.

privileges, advantages, and bless-
ines innumerable, and of incon-
ceivable value. Bj all these con-
siderationa and motives, then» he
sought to secure their observance
of the precepts he was about to
deliver— an observance which was
to be the test of their fidelity in
keeping the covenant, into which
thej were about to enter. It was
not expected, indeed, that thej
would so observe the moral law as
to be the ground of their justifica-
tion before God, as a matter of
merit; but it was required, that
thej should ethibit such a cordial
obedience to the whole of this law,
as to show their supreme love to it8>
Author, and thus prove that thej
were interested in that efficacious
atonement for sin by the promised
Messiah, which was so strikingly
prefigured in their sacrifices, and
indeed in all their institutions.
Such was the pregnant import of
the words "I am thy God,'' to
those to whom they were originally

But these words, my dear youth,
are as really addressed to us, as
they were to the Israelites at Sinai.
TWe moral law, then promulged, was
intended to be as binding under
the gospel, as under the Mosaick

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