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proportion of our neglect, been mvaded.
witn Arianism, or occasionally, Socinian-
ism; and are found, at this day, not ^oing
hand in hand with one mind and one judg-
ment, but contending, libe children, about
the first principles of the faith, and wast-
ing in polemical debates the blessed days
that should be dedicated to the higher
purposes of edifying the body of Christ.
(To be continued,)



STATB OF HELIGION IN TH£ NORTH
OF GERMANY.
( Continued from p. 61.)
At the beginning of the 19th ceo-
iurj, irrbligion had attained such
aD ascendancj over the manDers of
the higher classes of society in Ber-
lin, that a man might mingle with
them in all the relations and inter-
course of ]ife» without hearing any
conversation which bad the re-
motest connexion with piety; with-
out meeting any individual who
ventured either to reprove or resist
the prevailing vanity and thought-
lessness of mankind; arid without
hearing of any publication, calcu-
lated to awaken the mind, coming
from the press, to carry alarm into
the soul of the sinner, and rouse
him from his delusive and deadly
self-confidence. Religion, if it ex-
isted at all, consisted in occasion-



ally visiting, for the purposes of ri-
dicule, the church of some poor
despised orthodox clergyman. The
best edueated of the priesthood ap-
peared to. Iiave no other end in
view, but to render the duties of
their ofiBce inefficient and nugatory.
They made religion subservient to
their own views of morality ; they
professed to exalt the soul to a state
of independence, in the exercise of
its powers; and thus tb constitute
it its own legislator. In this ima-

finary atate*of exaltation, they ac-
nowledged reason alone as their
supreme guide in all the concerns
Qf life, and dispensed with the aids
of religion — Just as a full grown
man dispenses with the leading
atrings of childhood. They preach*-
ed up the autonomy of reason, that
is, its spvereiffn legislative power,
adequate to all the wants of man.
On a certain occasion, one of these
preachers rose up, and harangued
an audience of thirty or for^^ per-
sons, against the prejudices gene-
rally entertained in favour of crowd-
ed churches; because, said he, a
man might be a very good citizen,*
and a very acceptable servant of the
Most High, though he did not at-
tend church.

In the * Universal History of
Becker, the most widely circulated
of aU his historical works, ttie Old
Testament is daringly turned into
ridicule; and Jesus Christ is describ-
ed as a hair-brained enthusiast, who,
along with John 4he Baptist, had
formed the mad design of establish-
ing a terrestrial theocracy ; but per-
ceiving the project to be impracti-
cable, that he endeavoured to with-
draw from the visionary enterprise
with a good grace, by representing
all his views as having a relation
solely to a spiritual kingdom. Now
there are perhaps very Tew families
in Berlin, who do not possess this
book, and by whom it is not used
as the text book of all the historical
instruction given to children.

Relieious instruction was very
partially attended to, and but few



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State of Hdigiou in the J^Tarth of Genuany. M ab€h»



traces of it remained 50 jear»agOa
in any of the publick schools: at
present^ alas ! scarcely a vestige of
family devotion remains, and pasto-
ral visits, which have long been gra-
dually decreasing in frequency, are
now almost entirely unknown.

Infidelity and profaueness, more-
over, had just attained their full
growth, when we were delighted
with behdlding the blossoms of a
fairer plant beginning to unfold.
Men of lofty imaginations, and
warm and generous hearts, could
not endure a system of ethics, which
denied all, and demolished all, that
had previously existed, without sub,-*
stituting any equivalent. Philoso-
phy and poetry took the lead, m
breaking the Otters of infidelity,
and extending .the limits which a
cold, calculating, and timid spirit
had assigned to the operations of
the human mind. While Schelling,
subjected th4 doctrines of religion
to the- examination of the under-
standing and conscience, whose
province Kant had limited to mat-
ters of fact and moral principles,
^Sftheiermacher, whose inquiries had
taken a similar direction, claimed,
for all the subjects of religious be-
lief, a particular field of intellectual
investi^tion, distinct 'from that
which ts generally assigned to phi-
losopl)y. Meditation on the attri-
butes of God— -the feeling of An ab-
solute dependence upon Him^and
not any knowledge obtained by the
aid of ratiocination, were the cha-
racteristics of the tenets he pro-
pounded.

He regarded the religion of ey^ry
country, and of every age, as dif-
ferent exhibitions of human nature,
which however it miglU vary in
form, was always substantially the
same. His school was dfsvoted to
the study of the fine arts and belles
lettres* His disciples were down-
right enthusiasts, who fancied that
they breathed a purer atmosphere
than other men, an^ affected to
commiserate those who believed
and obeyed the common principles



of morality. The two brothers, X.
W. and F. Schlegel, with some
others belonging to this coterie,
published the Athenceum, a journal
mended to serve as the circulating
medium of their pecUliar -views.
Several of this party afterwards
emlfraced the Catholick religion^-
an event easily explained from
what we have already stated. The
most distinguished of these con-
verts were Frederick Schlegel, Za-
chariah Werner, and Louis Tiech.
Louis Tiech published, about a year
ago, a romance, entitled '*The Re-
volt of CevenneS|'^ in which he de-
lineates, under the guise of his own
peciTliar creed, and with references
to existing facts, the i^ljgious wars
of France in the time of Louis

iiv.

These new views had at first verj
little influence upon the church ;
but in progress of time^ the popular
preachers who adopted them gained
nigh celebrity, aod attracted im-
mense crowds to their respective
churches. Hanstein, who died
about seven years ago, took the lead
in this march of popularity.

While this reaction, which how-
ever had not its origin in sound
eospel truth, was extending its in-
fluence over the higher rinks in
Berlin, verv signal and blessed ef-
fects attended the peaceful minis-
trations of Jaenicke, the pastor of a
small Bohemian church in that city.
His preaching collected together
large crowds of genuine Christians;
who, by meeting often in the same
place, were led to form more close
and friendly associations; and the
Board of Missions of Berlin, found- *
ed in 1800 by Jaenicke, was the re-
sult of an active and interesting
correspondence, carried on by him
with the Christian churches, both
of neighbouring and remote coun-
tries.

Fashionable people were some*
times offended at the familiar and
searching style of his sermons; but
his church became a school of the
true faith, botb to the lower and the



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higher orders of the people. Jaenicke
at length $Uwd almost alooe in bear-
ing testimony to the truth of God,
The few ministers who coincided
with him in doctrine were taken
awaj by death, and their successora
were men of very opposite charac-
ters. Still, however, he continued
I to preach and act as a faithful apos-
I tie, procljiimtng, with immoveable
firmness, Christ crucified and risen
again, as the only anchor of faith
and hope, to the souls of those en-
trusted to his charge. His labours
were eminently blessed to the peo-
ple of Berlin; and when the reli-
poas feelings and opinions of the
inhabitants of that city were late-
ly aroused and quickened, a rem-
nant of Jaeoicke's followers were
found, with whom the newly awa-
kened converts could with pleasure
unite. The small church of the
Moravians, which, as in other places*
■o here also, was preserved from the
V overwhelming flood of infidelity,
bat whose influence, nevertheless,
was veKj limited, became a second
point of concentration, to the new
inquirers after the path of godli-
ness.
This letter is meant only as an
^ introduction to a series of interest-
^ ing facts, which I intend to publish;
and which I shall forthwith trans-
mit to you, in the hope that they
may prove alike interesting and
edifying to your readers.

Accept the assurance, &c. of your
devoted friend in the Lord,



A MISSIONARY SEA JOURNAL.

( Continued from page 73. )

Feb. 19th.— We were this morn-
ing much alarmed by the intelli-
gence that a water-spout was fast
approaching us. Had it been per-
mitted to come in contact with our
vessel, we should, in all probability,
have been buried in the deep. But
the Lord again appeared for our jde-
^liverance. A gun was immediately



fired, which had the eflhct to dis-
perse the threatening appearance.

March 22d. — We are now 13
degi^ees north of the Equator, and
expect, should the wind continue
favourable, to arrive at the Islands
in the last of next week. Soon this
dear interesting family will be se-
parated, and we shall enter upon
our labours, in our -respective sta-
tions. It is yet altogether uncer-
tain where, or with whom, I shall
4be situated; but*J feel willing to
l^ave the disposal of my future lot
to my heavenly Father*
1 YllBterday was observed, as a day
of fasting, humiliation, and prayer,
preparatory to entering upon the
scene of our future labours. I ain
looking forward to this interesting
event with the ^mingled emotions of
joy, hope, and fear« I ardently
long to commence my work in a
heathen kind, and I feel encouraged
to Ifope that the Lord will make me
useful. But when I look forward
to the great object I have in view,
and feel my own weakness, I trem-
ble and say, " Who is sufficient for
these things.'^ But I feet thankful
that I am enabled to go daily to the
inexhaustible fountain, for the sup-
ply of every needed grace.

Saturday, 29th of March. — After
bein^ 21 weeks confined to this
floating prison, the joyful sound of
**land O," saluted our ears; and
the snow clad summit of Mouna
Kea appeared in view. Every eye
beamed with joy at this cheering
sight. My feelings, as I sazed on
my future home, were indescriba-.
Me. On Sunday morning, we were
in sight of Oahu, and about three
o'clock we came to anchor in the
harbour. Mr. Bingham, who was
apprized of dUr arrival, came on
board in the evening, accompanied
by Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. Good-
rich, and also Mr. Stetson, the first
mate of the Enterprize, an Ameri-
can vessel in port, in which there is
a revival of reli^ipn* We had a
most interesting interview. Theyi
had appointed a meeting on board



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^ Mssionarif Sea Journal*



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the Enterprize, and Mr. Gulick
was prevailed* upon to accompany
them, and to preach* — He dici not
return till morning. From our
friends we learned that Mrs. Bishop
had gone to rest.

Oahu, April 8th.^About ten
o'clock, on Monday, the 31st of
March, everything ^eing in readi*
ness, all, except Mr. and Mrs. An*
drews, and Mr. and Mrs. Gulick,
who remained to make some further
arrangements, w€;fe seated in boats,*
bade adieu to the Parthian, aoltt
were conveyed on shore. Here we
were met by Mr. Bingham andTMr.'
Chamberlain, who were waiting to
receive us. We were soon sur-
rounded by hundreds of the natives,
who lined the shore, and greeted us
with a friendly mahoi. To spaVe
our feelings, i|^ was thousht best that
the young ladies should ride; and
though it was revolting to us to be
drawn by our fellow cre%tures,'we
on the whole thou|^ht it best, and
were soon seated in a little hand-
cart, with six of the nativea draw-
ing before, and two pushing behind^
and one holding an umbrella over
our heads; and in this style we
proceeded to the house of Mr.
Bingham, about half a mile from the
place of landing. On our way, we
called at the house of Kaahumanu,
who had been apprized of our arri-
val, and was prepared to receive us.-
She met us at the door, with great
condescension. After resting a few.
moments, the distance to Mr. Bing-
ham's house being short, we pro-
ceeded on foot, accompanied by
Kaahumanu. On arriving at the
mission house, and being introduced
to Mrs. Bingham and Goodrich, we
were refreshed with a glass of wine,
and some good sweet water— the first
we had tasted since we left America.
Thenvthe hymn "Kindred in Christ
for his dear sake, a hearty welcome
here receive," was sung, and thanks
offered up by Mr. Green for our
safe arrival, and, prayer for our fu-
gire usefulness. It was a season of
deep feeling. " Every eye was suf-



fused in tears. About one o'clock
we sat down to a table, spread with
a variety of diff*erent kinas of vege-
tables, and the fruits of the Islands.
We were honoured with the Queen's
company. She is really a stately
|>ersenas;e. Her dress was a blue
silk, with a sprig muslin scarf; two
strings of beautiful feathers orna-
mented her neck, and she wore a
Leghorn hat While eating, her at-
tendants arrived, with a present of
bananas, and a watermelon, I
think as good as any I ever ate in
America. After dinner the Queen
took her leave, and the time be-
tween this and tea was filled up
with a constant succession of visi-
ters—- as fast as one set took their
leave another arrived. In the even-
ing, our friends arrived from the
Parthian, and as our mattresses had
not been brought on shore, and as
we could not all be accommodated
at Mr. B.'s, we separated, and part
^ent over to Mr. Goodrich's. . I
retired to bed» but not to sleep.
The interesting events of the day»
the excitement, the degradation I
had witnessed, the uncertainty of
mv future destination, and a variety
of feelings, all conspired to banish
sleep from my eyes. I rose before
day, and from the window watched
the opening dawn, on the moun-
tains of Oahu. Kaahumanu loads
us with kindness; every day she
S^nds us a handsome present. Our
present arrangement is, that we all
remain here, till we hear from the
other stations. The missionary
packet has*arrived, and it is proba-
Die we shall soon have a general
meeting, when there will be a con-
sultation, and a decision will be
made.

Thursday, April 3d. — We were
to-day introduced to the chiefs, at
the house of Kinou, one of the for-
mer queens of Riho Riho. Mrs*.
Green, who had been sick, and had
not recovered her strength suffi-
ciently to walk, was drawn in a
handcart; the rest proceeded on
foot. When we arrived at the gate.



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A Mm&nary Sea JoumaL



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we were met by Boki, the governor
of the fort. After being presented
to hiiD, be conducted na to the
hoose, which is a spacious batlding
in two apartments, in the native
style. The floor was covered with
ma'tting; near the centre stood a
table covered with a clean white
cloth, on which were laid the pre-
sents sent to Boki and the Qneen.
A little beyond was placed a sofa,,
covered with crimson damask, on
which were seated the ladies of the
chiefs, dressed in handsome silk,
with striped silk scarfs. On each
side were placed chairs for the
mission family, and for Raahu-
mann, who honoured us all with a
smile and friendly shake of the
hand. Her dress was composed of
crimsoQ crape, and a blue crape
shawl, elegantlv embroidered with
treen, pink, and yellow silk. Mills,
Tyler and Phelps, and several per-
sons of distinction, were seated

F round on the mats, in the native
st^ie, amd the enclosure was fiNed
with the lower class. After the
ceremony of introduction was over,
Boki's letter of approbation was
read, and interpreted by Mr. Bing-
ham, and answered by Mr. An-
drews. The presents, which con-

^ sisted of a Bible for the Queen and
Boki, and some small books for the
ladies, were presented. After this
we proceeded to the church, where
a sermon was preached by Mr. B.,
and two couple were united in the
bonds of matrimony-— -they were
neatly dressed. In the evening,
there was a prayer meeting, at-
tended by the mate and six sailors
from the revival ship, all the hope-
ful subjects of divine srace. On
the Sabbath, it was truly pleasing
to observe the stillness and solem-
nity which prevailed. Not a soli-
tary native was seen, till the bell
rung at 7 o'clock for the native ser-
vice. Mr. Binsham preached from
the wofds-— «'How beautiful upon
the mountains," &c. At 11 Mr.
Green preached in English, and in
the afternoon Mr. Goodrich in the
Vol. VII.— Cfe. Mv.



native language. It was a scene
calculated to affect the most obdu-
rate heart To see at least three
thousand souls on heathen ground,
all attentively listening to the word
of life, excited the most delightful
emotions in my mind ; and^ never
more sincerely rejoiced that I had
been permitted to land on these
shores, and in the delightful pros-
pect of ending my days here, than '
on this interesting occasion. My
heart aches, and my. spirit sinks,
when 1 wirtness the wretchedness
and degradation which every where
meet mv eye; yet it is so much
better than I had anticipated, that
I am agreeably disappointed. And
the friendly disposition manifested
bv the natives, affords the most am-
ple encouragement. M v time is at
present much occupied, having a
number of letters to finish, as there
is a vessel in port, which will sail
for America in a few weeks. I
shall not close my letter, however,
till a short time before she departs.
The missionary packet, which ar-
rived a day or two since, will sail
to-morrow. Mr. Gulick will go in
it, and the brethren will return with
him, and there will be a general
meeting, and a decision made in
regard to our location.

A few hours after my arrival
here, I received your letter, which
you sent, expecting it to reach m.e
in Boston. It had been taken out
of the post office, and put into the
hands of Dr. Judd, who m haste put
it among a packet of letters for Mr.
Bingham, and forgot it. I neither
saw nor heard oi it till after we
landed, and was quite surprised to
receive a letter from America so
soon. I feel grateful for your kind
advice, with respect to a prudent
care of my heal th» Itisasyousay^*
I feel now able to so through almost
any fatigue. My health never was .
better. I have increased in flesh,
and see so much to do, that I know
not how to remain quiet, and feel
as if no labour would be too great*
But we are advised by those who

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A Msrionan/ Sea Journal.



MABCHf



, have been long in the field, to spare
our strength at first. And I hope
to profit both by their experience
and your advice. Nothing can ex*
ceed the anxiety of the natives to
obtain books; thej will give almost
any threg, for one ^heet of the gos-
pel Qf Luke.

May 1st.— Since visiting the
above, some of the brethren from
the other stations have. arrived, and
there has been a consultation, on the
measures which it would be best to
adopt. After much deliberation, it
has been decided that Mr. An-
drews should go to Lahaina, Mr.
Gulick to Tanai, Dr. Jodd, Mr.
Clark, and Mr. Shepherd, to re*
main here, Mibs Ward also to con-
tinue at this station, Miss Stone to
fo to Kailua, Miss Patten to La-
aina — I shall accompany Mr. Gu-
lick to Tanai. Our friends expect
to embark for their difi'erent sta-
tions on Monday next— We shall
probably remain' here some time
longer. On Sunday last we united
with the church, and for the first
* time joined with the first fruits of
missionary labours here, in comme-
morating the dying love of our risen
and exalted Saviour O my dear
friends! this was a season of pecu-
liar solemnity ; a season upon which
I shall always look back with the
most pleasurable sensations. I
could scarcely restrain my fedings^
when, with a trembling hand, I sub-
scribed the covenant, and solemnly
renewed my engagement to be the
Lord's. Mr. Bingham, in a most
affectionate manner, gave us, in the
name of the church, a cordial wel-
come- to all its privileges. Mr.
Richards said much to encourage,
animate, and excite us to diligence,
zeal, and faithfulness, in this gra-
cious cause. We certainly have
every thing to encourage us to go
forward with diligence, in the mis-
sionary vitork. We have arrived
here at a most favourable time, and
under the most auspicious circum-
stances, have been received with
the strongest expressions of affec^



tton, by those already in the fi^ld,
and who have borne the burden and
heat of the day. The young king»
and all the chiefs* have expressed
their approbation; and all classes
are eager to obtain the word of life.
The field is ripe for the harvest,
and there is nothing to prevent our
immediately entering upon our la*
hours; and 1 trust, if we do not
weary in well doing, we shall in
due time reap an abundant harvest.
my friends, could you take a
view of til is moral waste, could yon
see the degraded state of these our
fellow beings, how would your hearts
be pained and your tears flow, and
your bosoms heave with sighs ! O
how earnestly would you desire te
send more and more labourers into
the field! How fervently would
you pray for the salvation of these
perishing immortals! Here are
thousands and thousands of souls,
famishing for the bread of life, and
but few to direct their wandering
footsteps in the path to heaven. A
thousand labourers would not sup-
ply the pressine wants.

May 6thv— Yesterday afternoon,
after committing our friends to the
care of the missionaries' God, we
accompanied them to the place of
embarcation, and, with feelings of
tender regret, bade them adieu.
They are gone to commence their
toils in the cause of Christ. May
he who hais called then into the
field, be their shield and their ez-
ceedinggreat reward. Wliile,Mi«s
Patten was preparing for her de-
parture, several of tne native fe-
males, members of the church, who
are in the habit of visiting us, called
1o take their leave of her. Some of
them shed tears, and all expressed
their rearet. In the evening, they
returned to sympathise with me, on
the loss of my friend. It is ex-
pected that Mr. GhM>drich will re-
torn to Hilo, as soon m the schooner
is at liberty. It is probable Mr.
Gulick will be the last to leave this

K' ce. It was decided by the
thren, that Mr. Green should go



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2 829. tlie Best Method tf conduetimg Chriitian MsMions. 1 25

ID him wiil I trust" Blessed with
his smiles, and enjoying hii* pre-
sencci '* Cheerful I'll tread this de-
sert through.'' I will not fear the
terrors that I meet, being confident
that Judah's Lion will guard my
way, and safely guide me home.
I conclude with earnestly request-
ing yo9 to write, immediately on the
reception of this ; send your letters
to Mr. E.and he will forward them.
Let me know every partfcuiar of
j^ur family^— how your church
prospers— every thing will be inte-
resting. Give my warmest love to
all my friends, particularly Mrs.
Dare and Mrs. Osborn. 1 shkll
write to them at some future time;
at present I ^m much engaged. I
need not ur^e.you to remember the
cause of Zton here;i I know you
will bear us on your hearts. Do
pray that I may grow in grace, and
every missionary qualification.
Fareweili dear, dear friends.

Maria Ogdbn.



to the North-West Coast, to aster-
taiir the prospect of establishing a
missionary station there*-He will
wait here fur a favourable opporto-^
nity^ I am much plelised with my
present prospect. Mr. and Mrs*
Guliek are an amiable and interest-
ing couple, truly devoted to the
■iissionary work, have uniformly
treated me with the greatest* kind-
Bess, and I have no doobt they will
do all in their power to promote
my happiness, while I remain with
them. It-is however probable that
Mjrt of my time will be spent with
Mrs. Whitney, whos»e health, like
the rest, is but feeble, and will pro-
bably need assistance. I expect to
eof^ge in teaching, as soon as I ac-
quire a competenr knowledge of the
Mogoage* Tanai being the most
retired station, will be most con-
ceoial to my feeling; aad I do
hope throttgh grace I shall be ena-
bled to do something for the Re-
deemer's cause, in this part of the
▼inevard of the Lord. I desire to
be thankful that Qod has given me
a heart to pity these degraded crea-
tures. I think nothing- but com-
passion for their souls, and a desire
to contribute my feeble aid in im-
proving their moral condition, could
have induced me to resign all the
pleasure and advantages of refined



Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 14 of 93)