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rectly disunguished, as containing the
•* love ai complacenc^* with which, 1 con-
ceived, those who were truly ••brethren"
in Christ were alone able to contemplate
one another. I then added, that while
the Arian looked upon the Trinitarian as
an idolator, ita'as impossible he could re-
gard his imaginary idolatiy with ••com-
placency," or, consequently, his person
with the ••love of complacency." And
that, on the'other hand, while the Orthodox
viewed the Arian as attempting to rob his
Lord of his essential gloiy , he could not look
upon the alleged robbery with ••compla-
cency," or regard his person with the ••love
of complacency." Bu^ at the same time,
I sUtea that the opposing parties, or any
other opposing parties, did not, therefore,
cease to love one another; but their love
was a love of mere •• benevolence," with-
out the posability of that ••complacency"
eMoUial to perfect Chrittkm love, I repeat
the distinction; I regard it as a solenm
truth; and the various occurrences of thk
Synod are so many practical cominenta^
ries upon the correctness of the obs^ira^
tion. How unlike it is to the misconcep-
tion, or misrepresentation of Mr. M., I
leave this Synod to detetmme. The oh-
ject then. Sir, of my contemplated motion
- -a motion already approvea by no incon-
siderable portion of this house— is, to at-
tempt a remedy for the evils that are
fbuod to exist in the constituency of this
bod^. *

The prindpal evil I conceive to consist
in the unnatural and uncoalescing admix-
ture of our doctrines. We have professed
Arianitm — we have something that is not
Arianism, so its professors say, yet is not
Orthodoxy. We have also once or twice
heard doctrines called Socinian uttered in
our assemblies. But while I consider this
as the chief, I am for from viewing it as the
sole, evil for which we are botind to at-
tempt a remedy. The state of our elder-
ship calls loudly for reformation. As mat-
ters at preaent stand, one-half of a Presby-
tery is formed without any practical con-
sultaUon of the other. I mean, the elders
are elected and appointed without the
knowledge of the Presbytery which is to
receive them. Then, of our eldership
there is required no profession of iaith,
though they constitute one-half of all our
Church courts. Nor are our elders re-
auired to discharge the duties of visiting
the sick, of praying with them as required^
James v. 14 ; nor )s it generally expected
the^r should be men of prayer in their own
fiumlies; but a mere possession of world-
fy respectability in rank, is all that is look-
ed upon as quuification for their high and
accountable office. This is a state <^



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216 Uev. H. Cookers Speeeh in the Synod of Ulster. Mat,



things that cannot continue. Then, Sift
that our visitation Presbyteries are sadly
deficient is what we all know, and many
of OS lament. A motion of reform will
ntftufaUy be extended to this aubject.
Nor can I forbear to mention one other
topic. I mean the making money to be
a means of obtaining an appointment in
the Church. We reprobate the idea of
the crime ^led Simony. We rejoice in
our freedom from the power called Pa«
tronaee. We say that Christ's kingdom is
not or this worid.— And, after aU these
things, we say, A man who pays one pound
per annum in our Churches is e<}ual to
three men, each of whom pay six and
eightpence per annum — and, that his vote
shall equal tlie other three.

There are other evils to which I might
now refer ; but the length of time I have
already occupied, and the lateness of the
hour at which 1 now speak, are more than
sufficient excuse for my omitting to speak
of more.

For a perfect Church I look not, till the
Lord shall come with his saints; but for
a more perfect one than this Synod at pre-
sent e*xhibit8, 1 think, without much pre-
sumption, we may reasonably hope. I
know there is a wonderfully sensitive ap-
prehension when we talk of reforming
the Church ; and, it is not a httle i*emark-
able, that this sensibility is most apparent
in tliose very persons who are so anxious
to reform the errors of the State. Let us
contemplate the State cliariot as it passes
along, and they pronounce it at once so
crazy a Tchicle, that it will scarce bear the
load of majesty to the street's end. So
they seize the reins of the proud steeds
that dnw it ; and, after scarcely a moment
of stop or examination, they pronounce
' for Its total dissolution and complete re-
building. So they commence *< political
blacksmiths," and they take out the
springs, and knock off the circlet of the
wheels, and every bolt and screw must
ring to tbdr hammer and anvil. And
then they become *< political joiners," and
they take asunder the wood-work of " an-
cient oak," and they substitute some mo^
dern exotic, which is wonderously to
lijrhten the body of tlie machine. And
after this, they become ** political painters
and vamisbers," and the whdle affair is so
bedizened with fantastical devices, that it
is impossible to recognise the ancient pon-
derous and sturdy vehicle which oore
along the ** majesty of Britain," through
ages of war&re to ages of elory.

But show to those selr«mie artifioess
the chariot of the Church ; and though it
creaks in every joint, and totters in eyery
spring, and threatens at every revolution
of the wheel to separate into a thousand



fnignients - «nd though' it presents an aa.
pect so weather-beaten and forlorn, that
Poverty herself mig^t be almosi ashamed
to be the driver— yet oh! beware of touch-
ing the venerable ruin ! They will repair
the crazy wheels, by merely dipping them
in water, — they assist the brofcen springa
by combining with them a piece of timber
•— 4bey will trap the shattered pole with
all manner of ropes and bandages — and
thev will eke out the tattered harness
with every variety of <* shreds and patch*
es," until the motley combination shall be-
come to the Presbyterian people, as the
ship Aigos to the Greeks, a subject of ar-
gumeni as to its identity with the Church
Uiat existe<l in the days of our fathers.

Tome, Sir, it is astonishing, that the very
same men who are so clear«ghted to dis-
cern, and so ready to reform our political
institutions, are so blind to the imperious
necessity of searching out and reforming
the errors and evils of our religious insti-
tutions. But this apathy will yet be roused
into action, and men will yet acknowlefjge
it as a universal maxim, ** that in all the
affairs of men, whether temporal or reli-
gious, a well regulated reformation of er-
rors and abuses, is the wisest plan to en-
sure permanence to institutions, and hap-
piness to the people."

1 have beep surprised, Sir, to hear, from
several members of this house, that by in-
quiries into religious opinions, or any con-
templated division, ** we injure the retpec'
tabiUttf of the Synod of Ulster." I can-
not tell. Sir, what estimate these persons
form of reipectaHlity, or by what standard
they ascertain the present quantum to
which we are justly entitled. I shall*
therefore, beg to lay before you my hum-
ble idea of the natm« of clerical ** retpec*
tabiUiy."

A minister, to be respectable, must be
open in declaring all his religious opf-
nions. Concealment and equivcaUtn are
the most disreputable marks of the cleri-
cal character. The real " respectability,"
therefore, of the Synod, is consulted in
my intended motion ; for one object would
be to elicit and exhibit the real religious
sentiments of our members.

Another ingredient of retpcctabUitSf I
take to be eonnstency of character. But^
so long as we remain in our preaent con*
dition, it is totally impossible for us to ap-
pear consistent. If the Arian submit to
nave his system reproached before liia
eyes, he cannot be consistent. And, so
long ss the Trinitarian continues to ft*
eense and ordain Arians^ he cannot be
consistent. — My contemplated motion will
then seek to advance the respectability of
this Synod, inasmuch as it will seek to re-



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1SS9« n£i.JButMah€dqf(m4uctingVhris(i(mMU9i^ Sir



store the Jong lott conaiBtency of our pub-
lic character.

Another ingredient of retpectafnUtv
seemi to j>e *■ decinon of character/' A
respectable miniater, in whatever iCfttion
be IS placed by Providence, muat be a de-
cided roan. A minister of other charac-
ter may be. learned, and rich, and eto-
quent, and much a favourite — but while,
like the air-fed Cameleon, he takes all his
colour from the objects around him, and
appears green, yellow, or grey, according
to the object that he rests upon ; he is a
most miserable specimen of clerical de-
fection l the mere creature of the circum-
stances by which he is surrounded. A
respectable minister, Sir, like some of tl|e
bright gems, should jit«, not take his co«
lour. His character should not be mould*
ed bv the ol^ects that surround him, but
be should endeavour to transfer his own
moral image to the souls committed to his
instruction, I would bave him a man un-
taught in that school which whispers to a
young minister, ** do not be in a huny to
declare your religious sentiments; time
enough when you have got a congreg»>
lion, and learned the opinions that will
please your people." I would not have
a man ofiensively intrusive, but gentle,
yet decided in bis principles and instnic*
tions. 'Without these qualities, neither
minister nor Synod can ever be truly re-
spectable i and to Cherish, under the di-
vme blessing, such a dectsioo of charac-
ter, is one great object of the motion
which I now wish to enter upon your
hooka.

Let me quote two passages of Scrip.
tore, for the meditation of my brethren,
ftnd I shall teliere yourpatience by con-
cluding this address. The first is a pro-
phecy of the coming f\avy of the Church,
indicative of her uniformity of opinion^
testimony, and worship— Isa. lii. 8. <* Thy
watchmen shall lift up the voice; with
the voice together shall tney sing : for they
shall see ej/e to sf«^ when the Lord shall
bring agaift Zion.** The vision and the
harmony are not yet ours. May the Lord
hasten the time when they shall be fully
realized !

The other portion I sball repeat in re-
ference to the many exhorutions we have
received to study concord and peace.
Many objects are to be sacrificed for
peace ; but peace, as well as gold, may be
bought too dear. Therefore, when we
look for peace, labour for peace, pray for
peace ; let us remember the words of the
Prophet, according to the marginal read-
ing—Jeremiah xiv. 13. *• I will give you
viAcs AS D mtrrH in this place.** In the
promise of God they are united blessings;
and he will not bestow the one till we
^ke it in conjunction wKh the other.

Vol. VIIw— CA. Mv.



TIIS 9BST U9Tm09 QW QOHAQOTUIO
CHiUSTIAN MINAOMS* ^

( Conthmed frwn pagn 169.)
5.-— It only remains to consider
what is the duty of the Presbyterian
church, in the great enterprise of
evangelizing the world at the present
day. In doing this, little more is ne^^et*
sary than to apply the principles and
remarks which nave already been
stated. If these have a solid founda-
tion in truth and reason, as we as-
suredly believe they have, then it
will follow— T^ the Pre^ryUriau
church ovght to stand entirdy hi
henelf, in conducting missions bom
forsi^ and dom^sftcAr. This conclu-
sion IS supported by all that has
hitherto been said on the subject we
consider. By taking a stand wholly
unconnected with ouiers, the Presby-
terian church ^ill most clearly ap-
pear as a constituent part or the
church universal; yielding obedience
to the command of her elorified Head
to evangelize the world. She will
come forward confessedly in her dis-
tinctive character, under the banner
of the King of Zion, to extend the
bounds of his empire, and to reduce
those who are now rebels against
him and the subjects of his sreat
adversary, to tlie character of his
willing and obedient people. She
will, to speak without a.figure, con-
dt«ct missionary operations, and ^ow
that she conducts them, in strict ac-
cordance with the gospel order —
conducts them as a church, agreea-
bly to the apostolick example— thus
proving her allegiance to the Lord
Jesus Christ, and obtaining good
ground of hope that he will abun-
dantly reward and bless her, by pour-
ing out his Spirit u|)on her in copious
effusions, by multiplying her con-
verts, and by honouring her as a fa^
voored instrument in extending the
saving influence of his ^pel to the
millions who are perishing in igno-
rance and sin, both in our own land,
and in lands where as yet the
glad tidings of safyation bave neyer
been procuumed.
2fi



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The Best Mt&ad (^conducting Christian Mmons. Mat,



Further— ^The Presbyterian church,
beyond reasonable controversy, is
a body lam enoagh, and having
at command means enough, for as
ezteiifive missionary operations as
ought ever to be under the direc-
tion of any one missionary corps; so
that any connexion with others would
be a real incumbrance, and not an
addition of strength or efficiency. It
18 ^no exaggeration to say, that if this
church were thoroughly roused to
exertion in the missionary cause, she
mi^ht, without any thing oppressive
or injurious to her members, do even
more than is now doing by all the
missionilry associations in the United
States. It is also a truth, too plain
to require extended proof or illus-
tration, that her members may be
animated to vigorous exertion,
more easily and effectually, if she
stands by herself, than if she be
connected with others. A lar^ and
respectable portion of her children
are decidedly opposed to blending
their missionary concerns with those
of other bodies: and it is moreover
nodeniable, from a principle deeply
seated in human nature itself, tnat
neither individuals nor communities
are easily excited — we question whe-
ther they are in fact ever excited —
to exert themselves with as much
vigour and effect when they lean
in part on others, as when they
perceive that their sole reliance
must be on tliemselves — that suc-
cess or failure, with every conse-
quence of either, will be all their
own. ThePresbyteriau church, stand-
ing in a missionarjr attitude by her-
self, and in the view of the world,
will feel a responsibility, an excite-
ment, a zeal, and a regard to charac-
ter, which she never will or can feel,
if formally connected with any other
church or missionary association
whatsoever.

Again — ^Th'e important principle
of unity of views and efforts, in
conductinj^ missionary operations,
will likewise be best of all provided
for, by avoiding every foreign alli-
ance. There will be no secret wish
or feding, either among those who



contribute to oar mtssionf, or among
those to whom the conducting of
those missions is intrusted, to favour
measures alien to the doctrihes, the
order, the influence, the extension,
and the prosperity of the Presbyte-
rian church. Every wish, and feeling
and effort, will be harmoniously di-
rected to one point; and the only
concern and inquiry will be, how the
object which is common to all may
be promoted with the greatest effecL

Neither, as has been shown. Is dan-
^r to be apprehended, that by act-
ing separately, the Presbyterian
church will be tempted to the exer-
cise of a sectarian and overbearing
temper, in her missionary operations.
This cannot take place, if the genuine
spirit of missions* is possessed and
cherished; and if this spirit be lack-
ing, there is no reason to believe the
Presbyterian church will ever put
forth energy enough to do mischief.
This church, hitherto, has certainly
never manifested an illiberal spirit,*
and the present times are by no means
favourable to its production or indul-
gence. The national churches of Eng-
laod and Scotland, possessing as they
do a legal establishment and a most
powerful patronaee, are exhibiting
at this hour a laudable liberality
towards other denominations, in
missionary concerns; and surely,
in the United States, where no na-
tional establishment does or can ex-
ist, and where there is less sectariaa
bigotry than in any other country in
the world, it is not to be apprehend-
ed that the Presbyterian church will
be marked by selfish feelings and
narrow views, at once singular, im*
politick and reproachful.

We have had occasion to notice
the generous assistance which the

* We think we may fiurly claim ibr the
Presbyterian church in this country, a
character for as much friendly feeling and
liberal action, in regard to other churches,
as has been nrumifested by any other de-
nomination of Christians. We hope she
will ever possess this character, although
it may sometimes subject her, as we knov
it has done in times past, to some incon-
veniences, and even to an occasional tres-
pass on her rightfol claims.



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I d£9. Hie Best Method oj conducting Christian Mssions. 219



Episcopal and other churches in Bri*
tain are in the habit of extending to
the Moranans, and the aid which the
Preal^terian charch in this country
has afforded to the Baptists, and es-
pecially to the A. B. C. F Missions.
The example of the English church,
which in principle and practice is
far more exclusive than the Presby-
terian, demonstrates decisively, that
a complete and continued separation
from other churches, may still con-
sist with contributing bountifully
to the sopport of their missions: And
as the Prfsbyterian church in this
country has already exhibited a libe-
rality, similar to that of the English
Episcopalians, there is no reason to
fear that she will not continue to do
BO, althooj||;h she institute and sup-
port missions exclusively her own.
To the A. B. C. F. M^ we have not
a doubt she will, in the event of her
taking the stand we recommend,
continue to contribute munificently.
Nor do we tliink that she ought to
withhold occasional aid from several
other missionary bodies. She is able,
and ought to be willing, to patronize
every laudable enterprise. There is
no supposition more unfounded, than
that the sentiments we advocate are
inconsistent with treating every other
orthodox sect in the most kind and
fraternal manner. While we contend
that the church to which we belong
should stand and act b^ herself, and
not violate her own institutions, or at-
tempt to mingle them with those of
a heterogeneous character, we most
sincerely wish she may set an exam-
ple of genuine Catholicism to all other
churches.

We have fully admitted, when
treating on the nature and use of vo-
luntary missionary associations, that
they may be highly beneficial, and
that it is not our desire that any thing
should be done to destroy or restrain
tliem, while they continue to exer-
cise a salutary influence; and it is
scarcely necessary to add, that we say
nothing inconsistent with this, in
maintaining that the Presbyterian
church, as such, ought to conduct her
missions without amalgamation or



formal connexion with any other
body.

But in treating on the duty of the
Presbyterian church in the great en-
terprise of evangelizing the world
at the present day, we ought earnest-
ly to insist on her obli^tion to do
MUCH. What our Saviour declares
in regard to individuals, must be
eoually applicable to churches.-^
"Unto whomsoever much is given,
of him shall be much required; and
to whom men have committed much,
of him will they ask the more.** In
view of this declaration, how great
and solemn, in this day of awakene4
missionary enterprise, is the respon-
sibility of a church* consisting, of
sixteen synods, ninety presbyteries,
thirteen hundred ordained ministers,
two hundred licensed preachers, two
hundred and fifty canaidates for die
gospel ministry, nineteen hundred
and sixty-eight churches, one hun-
dred and fifty thousand communi-
cants — scattered over a region ex-
tending through twenty degrees of la-
titude, and as many, or more, of lon-
gitude P It ou^t also to be mentioned
—-and we desire to mention it with a
freedom from all vain-glorious boast-
ing—that the population of (his great
Presbyterian community may; with-
out disadvantage, compare with any
other of equal magnitude in the
American Union, in the talents,|earn-
ing, and piety of its clergy*; and
in the intelligence, improvemenl;
property, and moral and religious
character of its laity. How exten-
sive and weighty must be the obliga-
tion of such a church, to take a lead-
ing part in executing the command
or her glorified Head-— " preach the
gospel to every creature !" What rea-
son has she to fear that her candle-

* The returns irom which the roost of
this statement is taken, were made at the
meeting of the General Assembly in 1828,
and were then admitted to be incomplete.
On this account, and in consideration of
the mpid increase of this church, a small
addition has been made to some of the
numbers reported the last year; but it is
believed that, in evety instance, the num-
ber mentioned rather fidls short of the
truth than exceeds it.



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stick wilt be removed oat of its place*
if she fail to render an exemplary
obedience io the command whicn
binds her ! How much may she ef-
fect, if she will shake herself from
the dost» and engage with tme devo-
tedness— *with holj and enli^tened
zeal» in the sacred caase of missions !
We have said she might do more in
this cause than is now doing by all
tile churohes in our land. By these
clMirches, we now remark, there is
much reason to believe that a great
part of the important and gmious
#ork of spreaaing the gospel over
the world is destined, in the purpose
and providence of Ood, to be per-
fermed-^-and if so, how large a share
must be assumed by the Presbyterian
chorch, if she would escape having
Mf^uAod written upon her!
What then, it may be asked, ouf^t
^ to be done? To answer the inquiry
fnlly, would require time and space,
which, at present, we have not at
command. We can only say gene-
rally, that prospective measures, for
a grtat part to be acted by our
church, in gospeliziog the whole hu*
man family, ought to be taken with*
out delay. All practicable means
ouf^t immediately to be used, to
enlighten our people in regard to
their situation, their ability, and their
duty) to show them clearly what they
can do, and ought to do ; and to stir
them up to resolute and animated
effort, in discharge of their solemn
obligations. Our clergy and ruling
elders ought, as becomes them, to
take the lead in this truly holy work,
and to feel,^ that on them has de-
volved, in this hi^ concern, a duty,
for the faithful discharge of which a
fearful account must 1^ rendered at
the last day. All our men of influence,
and meti of wealth — those who have
pens, and tongues, and nurses, that
may be moved or openea with effect
•-ought to feel that all their capa-
bilities are now put in special requi-
sition, by the command of God and
the call of his church.
^ The education cause^-the educa*
tion of pious youth for the gospel
mtoistry, in and by the Presbytonan



church, and for her service specioUy,
if not exclusively-^must be iminr*
diately revived, and pushed forward
with a zeal that has never yet been
manifested^ No one thing is more
important, or more immediately
pressing, than this. Without some
hundreds, and before long some thou«
sands, of pious, talent^, and well
edttcate<l vooth for misaionary wor^
that work cannot be suitably per-
formed. We want at least five ban*
dred such youth in the Presbyterian
church, at the present hour. The
Macedonian cry is raised onfall
sides, and it wounds incessantly the
ears of our Board of Missions. But
what can they do? the men to send
are not to be found.-^They are yet
to be educated ; and no time sorely
is to be lost in commencing an edu-
cation, that will require years to
complete. Our impression of the im-
portance of this edocatioB concern
IS such, that we verily believe the
man who should now devote his life
very efficiently to its promotion in
the Presbyterian church, would serve
his divine Master more efibctoally
and extensively than be could poa«
sibly do in any other ways and all
churches and individuals who take an
active interest in this cause, and con-
tribute liberally to its advancement,
ought, in our deliberate judgment, to
be regarded as coming " to the help
of the Lord,*' at a crisis peculiarly-



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