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interesting and decisive.

Now is the time, also, when what
may be called aeompUte mi$mnarif
opparottts, ought to be liot only con*
templated but commenced. We
ought to have the entire possession,
or occupancy, of a Targe edifice,* in

"* For the oomtruGtion of similar edi-
fices to that here reoommended, for the
use of the American Bible Society and
Sabbath School Union, the necessary funds
have been raised by subscriptions and do*
nations, entirely distinct and separate from
those appropriated to the immediate ob-
jeou of these charities. And we hope that
this will be done in the case of an edifice
for the use of our Missionary and Educa-
tion Boards. We think it would not be
rijFht in itself, and we know it would be
ottenaive sod diacoun^ng^, if ihe funds



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1 899« Hie aaibath quesHon before Cmgresifdirly OaM. 221



which fliere should be fwmn for the
meetinr of the Boards of Missions
and Baucatioo» and of their com*
raittees; and for the reception of
missionaries, and of all who want to
make inqoiries on missionary 8ttb>
jects, or who take an interest in them
-"-offices^ likewise, for the secretaries
and a^nts of both boards, where
these, or other permanent officer^,
nif^t always be foand } and apart-
ments, also, for tMbles, tracts, maps,
and all donations of dothiw, sta-
Cionanr, and other articles, ror the
nae or missionaries. All practicable
economjjr ought certainly to be nsed
in makinfi; these preparations, and
every cent eipended ought to be con-
sidered as the Lord's property, which
it would be sacrilege t(» waste. Bat
there mast not be a narrow parsimo-
ny, or a suspicious Jealousy^ or an
avaricious grudging, in relation to this
bosiness. ^e sin of this is quite as
great, and perhaps the danger of it
greater, than that of wasting or em-
bezzling the contents of the Lord's
treasury.

In addkhm to all, and not less im-
portant than any or all other things,
18 the revival and cherishing of a
spirit of fervent prayer, throughout
the whole bounds of the Presbyterian
church. The concert for prayer ought
to be sacredly regarded in every
congregation. It is id answer to
prayer, that true revivals of religion
are emnted ; by which missionaries
are rornished, and missionary zeal
and liberality fostered and promoted.
It is by much, and earnest, and per-
aeverine prayer, that the influences
of the Holy Spirit are to be called
down, en all vriio are intrusted with
the management and promotion of

contributed for nussloiis and edocation/
sifeoukl b« dmwn upon to build a house Ibr
the accommodation of the Boards we have
mentioned. Yet all who know the nature
of these Boards, and the extent and vari-
ety of their operations, know that such a
bouse is roost urgently needed, and indeed
must soon become indispensable. We
hope that the men of wealth and liberality
in the Presbyterian church, will soon add
this good work to the many which they
are already engaged hi peffbrmiiig.



missionary operation8*-4m the Boards
of Education and of Missions, and
on their committees, secretaries and
agents ; that they may possess and ex-
ercise the wisdom, and zeal, and im-
partiality, and devotedness, which
their hallowed trust requires : On all
the missionaries of our church, and
of other evangelical churches; that
they may possess an apostdtck spi-
rit—the spirit of our own Brainerd;
and of the best of those who have
made him their model; a spirit of
wrestling mightily with God, bj fast-
ings and prayers, for his blessmg on
their labours^while to those labours
they give themselves with a perfect
willingness to spend, and be spent
in them: On all those to. whom the
missionaries go, in our own land or
in other lands, whether they be no-
minal Christians or real heathen;
that God may send down upon theini
the new creating energies of the Holy
Ghost, without which net a soul of
them will ever believe unto life ever-
lasting: In fine,' that the Millennial
period, so long the subject of pro-
phecy and^ prayer, may be hasteoed
in its time, and that in the mean
time, the faith, and prayer, and ef-
forts, of the people of God, may
not fail, but constantly increase.

Such is the glahce we have taken
—we could do no more — at what the
Presbyterian church ought to do, and
to begin to do, without any procras-
tination. We do not believe that
the representation we have given
ought to be considered as extrava-
gant We are convinced, on the con-
trary, that it falls short of what might
have been stated, without any excess*
If some of our readers think differ-
ently, we are persuade it is because
they have not had our means, and
opportunities, and calls, to look at
this subject in all its extent,, und in
all its bearings.

VOR THr CRBISTXAN AOVOCATB.
THE SABBATH qUlESTION BEFORE CON-
GRESS FAIRLY STATED.

It is the constant cry of those who
oppose the repeal of that part of the

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S22 The Sabbath (Question be/are Congress fairly stated. Mat,



postrof&ce law, which requires the
carrying of the mail, and the open-
ing of the post-offices on the Sab-
bath, the first 90te of which was
sounded by the sagacious Senator
Johnson, in his sapient report to the
Senate of the United States, that
those who have petitioned Congress
on this subject, are urging the na-
tional legislature to le^late on the
subject of religion. I1)i8 cry has now
become in a measure popular, and
the true state of the question ought
to be clearly understood. The plain
matter of fact then is as follows.-—
The petitioners complain that the
National legislature have aetualty,
and to the petitioners most offen-
sively, ALREADY legislated on the
Sabbath, and they humbly pray that
Congress would undo, what they have
thus unadvisediv done. The petition-
ers do not ask for one jot, or tittle,
more than this. They are the very
people who most earnestly remon-
strate aeainst an impropriety in the
National legislature, which they are
falsely charged with urging that le-
gislature to commit The legislature,
without being petitioned, have legis*
lated on the. subject of religion; and
all the petitioners ask is, that an act
of this kind of legislation may be re-
pealed. We have had opportunity
to know the petitioners, and we do
know them well ; and we know that
they want nothing more than that
Congress should not touch the Sab-
bath at all, in any of their le^stative
acts or doings; but leave this whole
subject to be disposed of by the le-
gislatures of the several states, as
eaql) of them shall see fit Congress
has broken through the state enact-
ments, and the local usages and regu-
lations in regard to the Sabbath, by
ordering the mail to be carried and
the post-offices to be opened on that
holy day. The petitioners say that
Congress ought not to have done
this ; ought not to have made a hu«



man law contravening the law of
God, and the good laws and usages
of the several states that had a pre-
vious existence; and all their wish
is that Congress would retrace their
steps, place the subject exactly where
the^ found it, and never meddle with
it, in one way or another, any more.
This is the. true and fair statement
of the matter at issue ; and it wUI
appear to be so to every one who
examines the petitions presented, or
who even candidly considers the nar
ture of the case, as it has been pre-
sented to the publick, in the papers
not decidedly hostile to the prayer
of the petitioners. We do not be-
lieve our opponents can show, from
any one ot the 446 petitions pre-
sented to Congress, that in a sin-
gle instance, more has been asked
for than we have here stated— The
very truth is, that the infidel and ir-
religious part of tiie community in
the United States, are rejoicing and
openly exulting in themelancholvfactt
that by a law of Congress, the Sabbath
is, and may be, vimated without re-
straint : and to hinder a repeal of this
law, they alfect a wonderful zeal to
prevent legislating on a religious
s«6;>ct— the thing precisely, which
the petitioners show,and all the world
knovfg^ has already been done. Con-
gress, it seems, may lepslate on re-
figion to the injury ot religion; but
not otherwise*— not even to repair
the injury which they have inflicted*
A few mi^;uided and hoodwinked-
religionists, have become auxiliaries
of tne infidel corps; but the fNirties»
as such, are clear! v marked, distinct,
and opposite; and it remains to be
seen which of these parties will ulti-
mately prevail.^ If infidelity and ir-
religion shall triumph over the law
of Uod, and the enlightened friends
of Christian piety and morals, we
shall tremble as well as weep for our
country.



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18S9«



Jay*s Morning Exercises.



225



Setn'etti.



We have been induced to fill the
Terj limited space which we are
able to spare for a review in our
present number, with the following
article, taken from the London
Evangelical Magazine for March
last* The author, to whose latest
publication this review refers, is
well known in this country, and is,
we believe, a favourite with manjof
our readers. By this republication
we hope to gratify them, by indu-
cine some American printer to re-
publish a work so highly commend-
ed by competent judges, and the
Sroduction, as they affirm, of *' the
rst preacher of his age.'^ We think
that of such a book tnere can be no
risk in the publication— -The impost
OD imported books is so enormously
high, that few copies of this worlc
wul ever be brought from Britain.



MOBNINO EXKRCISBS POR THE CLO-
SET, for every Day in the Fear.
By PEilliam Jay. 2 vols. 8l-o.
BainiUoHs Adams S[ Co*
Those who remember and value
Mr. Jay's •* Short Discourses," will
be prepared to understand and es-
timate the character of these *' Morn-
ing; Exercises." The only two dif-
ferences that we perceive are, Ist,
greater brevity, and 2d, a spirit of
more profound devotion. We quite
agree with Mr. Jay's enlightened
correspondent (pray is not this
correspondent Mr. Wilberforcer)
whose opinions are quoted in the
preface. " 1 have a sincere vene-
' ration for the intentions of Bogatz-
ky, and other similar authors; but
there is such a paucity of thought^
sttch a poverty of expressiouj such a
narrowed range of ideas, such a
ringing of changes incessantly, on
a few topics, without gracefulness
or variety; as to render the books
exceedingly unattractive to the pre-
sent rising generation. In these



cases, I conceive we are bound to
provide, as far as we can, that the
food presented to their minds nuiy
not disgust, by the manner in which
it is served up ; and that, when we
pot important truth in their way, it
should be encumbered with as few
external obstacles asthe case will
admit." These remarks are cer-
tainly most just and weighty. It is
really a sorrowful thing to look into
the closets of our friends, and see
how sadly they are furnished in the
department referred to* What with
self-righteous potions on the one
hand, and antinomian cordials on
the other, the meditations of the
closet have been sadly deteriorated.
And even where these errors have
been avoided, a meagreness almost
insupportable runs through the class
of works in question.

Mr. Jay has performed an accep-
table service to thousands of devout
minds, by the publication of his
" Closet Exercises." They are full,
vrithout being tedious; illustrative
of the sacred text, without any thing
of dry criticism ; deeply devotional,
without one sentence fitted to mi-
nister to a depraved sensibility; im-
pressive alike in sentiment and dic-
tion, without the slightest departure
from the simplicity that is in Christ
Jesus.

In one feature this work stands
pre-eminent. Each meditation is
an express illustration of a particu-
lar text, and not merely a motto, as
is too commonly the case. It may
also be observed, that the variety
preserved by this method is very
great, — ^greater by far than in any
similar work in the English lan-
guage. With many, the mere cir-
cumstance that Mr. Jay, the first
preacher of his aee, has furnished
three hundred am sixty-five more
short discourses, chiefly upon devo-
tional subjects, will operate as a
sufficient inducement to prompt an



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Literary and PhilMaphieal InUUigenre.



Mat,



immediate Durchaae. If all are as
jnuch gratified a8 we have been, they
will not regret their bai^in. Mr.
Jay must have gone down to poste-
rity if he had not written these in-
Yaiuable « Exercises;" but now that
he hss embalmed himself in the
hallowed recollections of the ** Clo-



set/' he will be associated^ as an
author, with the prayers and devout
meditations of the faithful while the
world stands.

It is but simple truth to affirm,
that these volumes are worthy of
Mr. Jay in his happiest and most
characteristic moments.



Xiterarp antt t^gilo^opj^ical SUntdligntce, etc«



The following articles are extract-
ed from the Christian Observer for
February last.

Two remarkable tusks of a Mammoth
bave been brought home by Captain
Beechey. The largest must have mea-
sured twelve feet ; and the mammoth to
which it belonged must have been fifteen
or sixteen feet high. They were found
on the west coast of America, near Beh-
ring*s Straits, in a mountain of ice a hun-
dred feet in height above the sea. This
mass of ice is covered with earth and
grass, and bas embedded in it a vast num-
ber of the tusk% teetl^ and bones of the
mammoth.

Specimensof organic remains, it isstated,
have ktely been found in Glashbennie

Siarry, on th^ left bank of the Tay, in the
d red sand-stone, in which few organic
remains have. hitherto been found, and
from which is dated the existence of the
vertebral animals.

The interior of York Ifinster, one of the
most valuable and ma^ificent of our na-
tional arcbitectural treasures, has been de-
solated by fire, llie dama^ includes the
dtttruction of the splendid roof of the
choir, the stalls, canopies, and other wood
work on the sides, the matchless or^n,
the cotnmunion pUte, and the dilapida-
tion of many of the monuments. The
elaborately carved screen, the splendid
east window, the records, the wuls and
some valuable aiticles of antiquity or cu-
riosity, have been preserved. The de-
struction is traced to the hand of a luna-
*tic. The Minster bas several times suflTer-
ed by fire; the last occurrence of which
kind was nearly seven hundred years ago.

Professor Leslie states that the largest
drops of rain, which are about one-fifth of
an inch in diameter, will fiUl 2040 feet in
a minute I but the ordinary drops in this
climate will seldom fall half as fast* Hail-
stones in the south of Europe, having
sometimes the diameter of two inches,
wiU ftn with a velocity of 113 feet in a



second, or more than 1^ mile in a mtniite,
a rapiditv of stroke which destroys com-
fiekU and ravages vineyards.

The Water Companies which supply
the metropolis, are the tlew River, Eaiit
London, West Middlesex, Chelsea, Grand
Junction, Lambe\)li, Vauiiiall, and South*
wark. The daily sapply amounts to nesriy
thirty million ^lons; which, estimating
the popolation of the metropolis at
1,500/X)0, is oeariy twenty gallons a day
for every individual.

• A plan is under disnisnon for forming
a General Clerical Provident Society ; to
give an opportuiiity to the clergy, by
means of mutual assunuice, to secure a
provision for themselves and their families
in sickness, old age, at death, and whilst
bringing up a family. The plan is not
fully matured; but the object is highly
important. As an illustration' of the na-
ture of the plan, it is calculated that if a
clergyman, upon entering into orders at
23, will engage to pay the sum of 4Z. 16s.
lOd, per annum until he dies, or attains
the age of seventy years, he wiH, in such
case, oe entitled te 2£. weekly in sickness,
until he is seventy years of sge ; 1/. week-
ly in sickness, af^r he is seventy years of
age; and S2L per annum, in health or
sickness, after he is seventy -years of a^.
At thirty, the same benefits may be obtain-
ed for 6/. it, 2d. per annum ; at thiny-five,
for 7L lOf .; and at forty, for 9L 15t. 4dL -
We shall recur to the subject

The whole of the highways of France
are made and repaired at the expense of
the eovemment, and the whole amount
set aown for this purpose is only about
800,000^ The highways extend the length
of 8^584 leagues, the league being about
two English imlss and a lialf i and, sepa-
rately from annual repairs, it is calculated
that nearly 8,000,000^ sterling would be
necessary to complete them. A commis-
sion has been appointed to consider the
subject

Our fellow Protestants in Franoe are
adopting the phm of nles of hdies' work



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for aniftiDg benevolent «nd religious ob-
jects. At a recent sale at Paris, on behalf .
of the ** Evangefical Missionaiy Society/' '
mlinost as many English ladies as French
were found among the contributors and
purchasers.

In a house lalely excavated at Pompeii
Vere found the dceletons of two persons,
apparently overtaken by destruction in
the moment of flight. The one, it Is
conjectured, is that of the proprietor of
the mansion, holding in one hand a key,
j»d in the other some gold coins and de-
corations; the other, that of a slave, cany-



ing behind his master two vases. MThat an
affecting illustration of the condition of all
ages and ranks, at the approach of thst
— at leveller of all human distinctions-*-



great
Dsat



The first edition of the translation of
Henry Ifartyn's Life into French, we are
happy to learn, is nearly exhausted, and
that suooessive editions are likely to be in



A medul has been struck at Strasburg
to the memory of the Pastor Oberlin. —
The likeness is said to be veiy fitithfuHy
executed.



fieH0iou^ ^[tttellio^nce.



KI8S10NS OT THB OENB&AL ASSEMBLY
OT THE FRSSBTTERUN OHUHOH*

(C9tUitmed from f. 185.)
lYe promised in o«ir last nninber
io publish the following circular of
judge Fine, to the ministers and ei-
ders of every Presbyterian congre*
cation in St. Lawrence countj.
State of New York* Although
written more than four vears ago,
it has such a direct and powerful
bearing on the means now in use, by
the BcHtrds of Missions and of Edu-
cation under the direction of the
General Assembly for collecting
funds for those important iastitu-
tiona, that we deem it quite season-
able*



cnov&AB.

ihnkMhirvh, Si, Lawrmee Couniif*
Jir»D, 1, 1834.
Bear Sir,— X^u are sensible that the
Rdinous Societies of our county, are not
in a flourishing condition. That previous
to the last meeting of the Bible Society,
many of it« friends despnred of being
able to continue it in existence. That
within the last year, Bttle^ or rather noth-
ing, has been done to reyive the slumber-
ing oondition of the Missionary and Edu-
cation Societies: and that our Sabbath
Schools, those' nurseries of piety, destined
under Providence to make the next gene-
mlion wiser and holier thiui the present,
•arc suffering for the want of Testaments,
and other necessary books. Is there no
remedy for this sute of things? If you
Mgree with me, that the religious institu-
tions of the county are pining away— and
t)iat it is the duty of profesfling Christians,
V0L.VII.— Cft. Jdv.



and more especially of the officers of oiir
churches, to come ibrward to the help of
the Lord, you idll bear with me a few mo-
ments, while I suggest to you a simple
and practicable measure, which, if adopt-
ed and carried into effect, will give to
these infant associations, an immediate and
increasing growth.

There are twenty Presbyterian and
Congregational Churches within the coun-
ty, with seventeen Clergymen, and con-
taining 1086 communicants. Bvery one
of these, rich and poor, male and female,
is bound by his spiritual odling, to do
something to extend the Redeemer's
kingdom ; and to be unwilling, would be-
tray a degree of ignorance or of selfish-
ness, rarely, very rarely, to be met with
among our brethren. If the individual
exeruons of this large body of church
members, could be periodically collected,
is it not plain that their contributions,
however small in themselves, would,
united, make a large and efficient sum?

Allow me, therefore, to suggest a sim-
ple plan, attended with no trouble or in-
convenience; requiring no sacrifice of
time or personal ease, and which I fullr
believe, from a short trial of it in the church
here, will be attended, wherever adopted,
with the most flattering success.

Let the officers of each church, divide
the communicants into classes — giving to
each officer the charge of a class : Let the
officer call upon the individuals of his
class, every montii — explain the object of
his call, and urge the importance, the duty
and necessity of nving to the Lord. Let
no one refrain fiom givine. The poor
pan give a trifle : those in less straitened
circumstances, can give more liberally.
. All must give. If our religion is distin-
guished by its being preached to the
poor, and by the many promises which arc
made to them, and withheld from the rich,
an obligation rests upon the poor to buiM



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up, each one ftccording to hii means, the
iiutitutions of the gospel.

I would adrise that the sum asked for,
be anmll. There are few, if any, so poor
who cannot give six cents a montl). — The
lich, (if an^ such are to be found,) may
give (Xf their abundance. Let your class
average one shilling each per month.
With attention and punctuality in calling
ereiY month, and a uttle zeal on the part
of the church officers, all this roav be
done* without noise or oppositioni and will
produce a result* that will astonish even
ourselves. The number of communicants
being 1086» there will be 1086 shillings,
or 2135.75 contributed monthly ; making
at the end df the year, the sum of sixteen
hundred and twenty-nine dollars. A large
•um, compared with our past efforts— but
small, when compared with our means and
our duty. Our Bible and Missionary, and
Education and Sunday School Societies,
partaking of this charity, will flourish i
our churches will revive— our Ministers
will be better supported, and a blessing
will be returned to each contributor, four-
fold the amount of his giSt. If you be-
lieve the gospel, you must believe what I
have written. My plan of charity is in-
tended for the churcnes— for the believers
in the gospel. I would not interfere with,
nor interrupt any societv, or publick col-
lection already established. The world
may through these means, contribute to
the gosp^s and thankful we are, that
in many cases b;^ their liberality, they
shame the Christian. But the measure
proposed, is for the members of our
churches s— and if they are not willing to
asnst in biuldiiy the spiritual temple, it
is time that we madtute the inquiry— Af«
weChristiaiis}

So frr» hpwever, fiom befieviDg that tlM
i U fbe w of our churches will refuse to
pontribute, if the pkn I have propoped
fiul of aaecesi^ I doubt not it mav in
ereiy case be attributed to the inactiTitjr
of our church officers. Paidon me rar
saying so^

And believe me, youia»
With nuch Christian affeetioii.



Twnmm oomxvvxoatxov.

Letter from a missionary appointed for
Minooris but who has^ on the follovring
representation, and that of ^ve brethren
in the ministry, been permitted to spend
his time in Kentucky.

Jan. 15ih, 1829.
«<Bev.Dr. Ely,

* Dear Sir, - -Your object in giving, and
nunc in takiiig, a mission to Missouri, I
believe, was the promotion of the Re-
deemer's Kingdom. To effect this it is not
more important to extend our limits than
to occupy and most judiciously to employ
our present possessions.



** Untter this view of the subject I have
been prevuled on to reauest my comnus- *
sion to be changed, for tne bounds of the
Louisville Presbytery. I am the more
ready to make thia request when I remem-
ber that you informed me ' if there should
be an opening for usefulness, and a call of
God to labour in any other field, I would*
not be considered bound for Missouri.'

*'I befieve the present field has not been
one of mv own seeking. Secular business
unavoidsbly detained me until a few davs
nnce in these parts. I have been preach-
ing almost incessantly. I have seen all the
ministers in these bounds, and find their
opinions to be similar on this point. An



Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 32 of 93)