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to watch over the religious interests of the
faithful in that locali^, such as the recep-
tion and distribution of alms, and whatever
regards order in the celebration of wor-
ship. But the higher acts of discipline
can only be disposed of in the general Con-
sistory, which IS, in fact, the session of all
the single sections, or congregations, of
which the Consistorial church is com-
posed.

The Reformed Church has three hun-
dred and five pastors, four hundred and
thirty-eight edifices for pnblick worship,
four hUMied and fifty-one BibU soeieties



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VUw of PiMidt Jiffairi. Jct¥,



•nd awMxiaiioiis, one hundred and* twenty- ftheokgy, Pj?y ^ w toiy , J^,^?^**^
fow mMMonaiy sooietiea, end fiRy-mne morality. The term of rt» dyiefiM flty
traot Bocieliea and 4epe«toriee, In their law at three yews. ^After r



Tfaeolotfieal Seminary at Montauban, in no one wai to be admine a^iy J?^ JI?
the year 16SI6-^, there were leventy-three obtained the decree of Bacheior «^^™>
puttUfl. The faculty of this Seminary con- and after Novemb«r ne^, HMg w ill be a#>
eist of a dean and five profeeaora. Inatruc- mitted to the courae of Tngyyy, jiiMiJy
tion ia given in philoeophy, high l-atinity, so called, who is not a pfcficvBt m He-
Greek literature, Hebrew, sacred criti- brew,
ciam, eecleaiastieal history, dogmatical



Ths TrgOBurer vf the Trttitee* 0/ the General Jtuembly of the Prea^siieriaH Chrcft ««-
knowledm the receipt ofthefiUowinff euna fir their TheoloffkiU Seminanf ui Primal
<o«, JV. /. dtmng^ the mtnUh efJune taat^ viz.

Of Samuel Bayftrd, Eaq. the annual collection in Princeton, N. J. fcr tto Con-
iinceot Puiw, '..•'. 'f***^

OfRev. Dr. John M'Dowell, ooUected by Rev. William Blanvelt A Lttnuiir

ton, N. J. for the New York and New Jersey Profesaorship, - ^ ^ * » W

Of Rev. John B. Daviee, par Rev. Dr. Aahbel Green, for the Sowwni Fioiw
aoEshuk* . - - - " ^ *

Of Roswell L. Colt, Esq. per Rev. WiUiam Nevins, one year's iaters* ^ *" ^„ «•
soholaMhip, *2? 2

Of Thomas H. Mills, Esq. for the WoodhuU Scholaiship, - • , ^ * 1^ ^

Of Rev. Edward N. Kirk, a member of tbe First Clasaof 1825, ^ rtsltete Um
balance of his subscription and a year's interest, given for the w^netumm
some indigent student, who shall conaider it as a loan to be reptidvfaettVWH
vidence makes it praeticaU© .. - - ^ ^^

Amount reoetved for the SeMuy » fSllfc St



Received also for the Board of Miasioas, vi«. ^^

OfRev. Dr. E. S.£ly,hisooUeotions ... - - |K» SB

Of Alexander Henry, Esq. moathly concert eoUeetions in SecendPniabyt^nML

Church, - - - . 37«

OfMr. Thomas Hutchison, Great Valley, - - . 14 «8

Of Hugh AuohiDcloss, Esq. firom Rav. Or. Philips, First Preshytarian ChuMh,

Ne^Yo*, ^ • l€* €3

Of Rev. Joshua T. Rwsell, collection in the First Presbyterian Chureh, Phifai-

4lelphia*atthe|»]ayer meeting of the Board of Missions, * ' ^S

tod his coUectioQs ''^®2

OfRev.R.B.Belrille,Neshaminey, 3 TO

Of Rev. Joshua T.Russell, per Solomon Allen, Esq. - • lO 71

Of GapUin Jamea Meore, from Richard Wynkoop, Esq., First Preabytmaa

Churoh, Yorktowtt, West Chester count/, N. Y. monthly conoeit ootiections IS M
Qf Rev. Sylvester Soo\tel| the balance of hw collectiooB on his agency, 46 fll

Amount received for the Board of Misaions, fM 46



»im of ^uUitfi %^m$.

EUROPE.

Boropcaa adyices to the 234 of lifay indunve are, at the time we writ«w ^ 9tBi^
TMcnt that baiw seaohoi this peuntry.

BEiTAni.-^Oiir readers are already apprized that the Roman CatfaoBek Relief 89,
which was slated in our number for llav to have passed the House of CommoQi, sad
to bttve been sent to the House of Lords, was carried in the Isitter House by a IM
and unexpected majort^, and has by the royal siroature, t>ecome a law, Subseqncm
to theee events the te ftnied IrMi banister, Dn^O'Connetf^ Esq. came hnmtdm

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16£9. riewi^PMick Affairs. 33S

elaiaed a aeaft ia ptfliMMot, to whioh be bad been elected before the paasage of tbe
Belief law. He was required by the Speaker of the Coimnoiis to take the oath pre-
Kfibed to be taken by eveiy member on betn|^ admitted to bit seat, a^eably to the
form coBtsined in tbe law, as ^it stood before die Belief Bill was passed, and at the
time of bis, Mr. (yConnell's electioa. This he refosed. Debate and delay en^ed;
but finally a large majority of the bouse adopted the Speaker's opinion, and on Mr.
0^.'s continuing his rstusaK a motion made by the Solicitor General, was carried,
"that the Speaker do issue his wartant to the clerk of tbe Crown in Ireland, to issue
a new writ, subject to tbe prorisions of the recent statute for the Relief of the Roman
Catholicka, for the election of a member to serve in the present parluraent, for tbe
county of Clare." This resolution, however, appears to have been adopted entirely
widi a view to preserve consistency^ without anv hostility to Mr. O'ConneU, and we
presume there is no doubt that he will be re-«iected» and be freely admitted to bis
seat under the new act, which prescribes an oath to which he has no objection. Tlie
agitation produced through tbe kingdom, by the proceedings in parliameoft on the Ca-
tholick question, appears to have subsided more speedily and generally than was ex-
pected. Indeed the opposers of the CSathotick elsims, with the eaoeptioa of a few
sturdy Church and. State zeslots, seem to have nearfy lost their fears of tbe evils they

Sredicted. We were glad to see an article taken from a London paper, staftinff that
le Earl of Winchelsea, who fought the duel with the Duke of WeUington, fek so
much compunction for that act as to refuse to continue a director of a reugious insti*
tution, assigning for reason, that such an office did not beoome a man who had openly
violated the law both of God and his country. We benevolentiv wiah that the Didce
also may be favoured with a large share of the same feeling, and that it may speedily
find a place in the bosom of eveiy duellist in tlie world.

The low wages of some mechanicks, of weavers especially, has recently become
the subject of serious compUint. It is suted that at Spitalfield no less than 5000
weavers had struck for wages, and that no compromise had taken place between
them and their employers at the last accounts. At Manchester formidable riots had
occurred^ but had happily been quieted. At Rochdale the rioters could not be
•aubdued till the imfitafy interposed, and after bearing much insult, fired on the mob,
killed five individuals, and wounded 25 otheia. It appears that trade is in a very de-
ftneased state both in Britain and Prance.

Fmajigb.— Tile late minister of foreign sffairs in France, was compelled to resign
bis office, in conoeauenoe of his unpopuhrity^be was unable to carry his measures
in the legislative chambers. The monarch, and the remaining members of the ad-
ministration have, it appears, been much embarrassed in the choice of a successor.
Much influence was used to secure the services of the Duke of Laval Montmorency, •
on account of his popularity, and the numerous friends he had in the chambers ; but
he has absolutely refused to take office with tbe present administration, and the un-
der secretary in the department of justice, M. Bordeau, is for the present made keeper
of tbe seals. The Court, it seems, is at issue with both parties in the legislative body,
and it is conjectured that the dissolution of the chambers will be the conse«iuence.
An expedition, both by sea and land, aninst Algiers is talked of, but there is as yet
DO evideocc that it is seriously contemplated. Alarminff riots, occasioned by the want
of proviiiona and employment, have occurred in several parts of France, as well as of
England. On tbe whole, there appears to be much agitation in this kingdom at pre*
sent, and yet we perceive nothing that threatens a disastrous change.

SPAiv.^The king of Spain is either infiituated enough to resolve on endeavouring
to regain a part of his former possessions in Southern America, or ^se he pretends to
have adopted such a resolution, with a view to engage the refoffees from Mexico, to
pour the treasures ther have carried with them into nis empty coffers. An expedition,
eonsisdng of twenty thousand men, is said to be on foot acainst Mexico, and formida-
ble demonstrations are made froip the Havana, avowedly for the purpose of securinr
this object Time wiH show the result. It is greatly to be regretted, that the civU
fisaentions in the South American republicks encourage theur enemie^ and enfeeble
and diataresB themselves. Perhaps the pressure of foreign war is again necessary to
unite them among themselves. The queen of Spain died on the 7th of May.

PoarueaL.— The latest accounts from Portugal represent the affairs of that king-
dom as being in no better situation. Twenty-three Constitutionalists were condemn^
in April, as having been concerned in the insurrection at Oporto last year, twelve of
whom were executed, and eleven banished. The expedition to Terceira,* sailed on

* One of the Azores islands which has not submitted to Don Miguel. It is 54 miles
in cbcomfcrence, healthy and fertile. It is now the IhToarite resort of the Portu-
gaeie refogces.



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the Gth April. In a debtte in the French Chamber on the 16th» M. de Pompiere, re-
marking on expenditures^ said that the conveyance of an African lion to Paris, cost
7000 franca; but that in 1836 it coat the French double that sum to accelerate the ar-
rival in Portui^l of a tiger, or biped monster, much more dangerous. There was an
order in the Lisbon Gazette of May 1st, from Uon Miguel, to dismiss eight Portuguese
Consuls, viz. at Philadelphia, New York, Elsineur, Stettin, Paris, Marseilleib Havre-
de-Grace, and Barcelona. Accounts from Terceira, say that the garrison of that island
ia composed of 3,500 men, and that perfect tranquillity prevails there. No fears are
enteruined of an attack by 0on Miguel, and that fortihcations are in the best state of
defence. A merchant ship had arrived from Portugal, with several Portuguese emi-
grants, among whom were some naval officers.

RoMK. — The present Pope was, we believe, the Cardinal Castigtione, an Italian,
but elected, it is said, by French influence. He has taken the name of Pius Vin. He
is represented as having already rendered himself popular, by manifesting a disposition
to ezereiae his power on liberal principles. It is said that he has annnlTed the priva-
tions and prohibitions of his predecessor, and restored the Jews, and Christians of every
denomination, to the enjoyment of all- their former privileges. It has even been re-
Borted that he ia in &voor of abolishing the celibacy of the clergy; but this we do not
Delieve, and as to the rest, although entirelv willing to give him credit (or all that he
does well, yet we cannot help recollecting that a little good stands for much, when it
is done by a Pope. Nor ean we help thinking, that when the publick acts and ordera
of one Pope on the subieet of religion are eondenmed and set aside bj his immediate
socoessor, it looks as irone or the other was not infalUble,

Prussia. — A most desolating flood, from the overflowing of the Vistula, has oeoor-
red in Prussia. The property destroyed and the distress occssioned has been im-
mense — The loss of human life however has not been great, although many oattle have
perished. Nor have the ravages of this flood been confined to Prussia, but have
been more or less experienced through the whole of the countries visited by the exten-
sive river whose stream has broken from its usual bounds.

TuRXET AND RussiA. — ^Theso are the two great powers to whieh the awakened at-
tention of the whole civilized world is now directed; because in the issue of the exists
ing fearful conflict between them, the interests of the civilized world may, to a great
extent, be involved. Tet since the close of the last campaign, nothing of great interest
has taken place, except the vigorous and formidable preparations for combat which have
been made by both, and about equally by both. Since the present campaign has opened,
the accounts from the theatre of wsr relate no event of any such importance as can have
much influence on the result of the contest — ^The armies, enormous in numbers and
complete in equipment, are slowly and warily approaching each other, and there have
been some afiairs of posts and detached parties, in which the Russians generally, bttt
not always, appear to have had the advanta^ge ; but nothing decisive, or that can afford
ground for a rational prognostick of what is likely to ensue, has occurred. . The main
Aussian army was, at the date of the last accounts, still on the north of the I>anube,bot
actively engaged in making preparations to cross it, and to subdue all the Turkish for-
tresses that were last year left m the rear of their advancing hosts, and from which
much annoyance was experienced. As we have heretofore stated, Field Marshal Wit-
genstein had resigned the chief command of the army, and General Count Diebitseh
been appointed his successor ; but it is now affirmed that this last appointment is so
unsatisfactory to the Russian officers that the Count is obliged to fei^ sickness, and
that although he secretly directs the military monements he cannot do it ostensibly—
If this be so, it is certainly a bad omen. The Turks on their part have reinforoed
Shumla, and in aU their eneoontem with their adversaries hav* fought with bravery
and skill. The Sultan has assumed a plain military dress, and has required his officers
to do the same. Great exertiona have been made to provision Constantinople so as to
prevent the efieets of scarcity, whioh the interception of supplies by the Russian fleet
was intended to produce, and every arrangement h'as been made to dispute at eyviy
atep the advance of the hostile armies. We must wait for the issue, which is known
only to Him who will order it by his sovereign will, and who ofVen disappointa, espe-
cially in military eoncems, the calculations and confident expectations of anort sighted
mortals.

Grxbcx. — As the Turkish Sultan has refused either to declare the 'independence ef
Greece, or to withdraw his troops from the country^ (the KnSoB of Egypt were sent
away by a treaty with the Pacha) war is continued. Tne maasacre of Greeks in the
island of Candia has been terrible, and not less terrible is the vengeance they take on
their enemies, whenever an opportunity favours. In the Morea, Uie Tnrkiab foree is
too small to do more than to oooopy a ntunbar of fortrossas, and thMOr one after aao-



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1829. View of Publick Affaivi. S35

ther, are falling bofore the Greek arms, which have been renimed and animated won-
derfnlly, sioce the departure of the Arabs. Miasolenghii at the last accounts, was in-
vested, and iU reduction* speedily expected : after that, it was said, nothing would ro-
maio in the power of the Turks but the Acropolis of Athens; and that, it wassupposedi
coald not long be sustained against the force which was gathering round it. Britain
and Franca have been endeavouring for a vesr past, and are still endeavonrinff, to per-
suade the Sultan to terminate by treaty his quarrel with the Greeks; but ail in vain
as yet. In the moan time, Greece is gradually recovering from the sweeping desola-
tion it has experienced. Schools are established and encouraged, and civil institutions,
0^ various kinds, are making some progress — slow indeed, but yet real— 4oward roato^
rity. Only a small corps of French troops remains in the Morea.

ASIA.

The Russian ambassador and his suite, it appears, were massacred at Teheran whila
employed in carrying into efiect some articles of the late treaty between Russia and
Persia, respecting the Armenian and Georgian subjects of Russia, whom he claimed to
return to their country. Among these were two Armenian women, who had belonged
to a Khan, and who did not wish to leave him. They were detained for some time by
the ambassador, contrary to their inclination, and treated with abuse. They escaped at
length, and ran through the streets of the city, proclaiming their wrongs, and calling
for vengeance. The populace were enraged, and attacked the ambassador's Coesaol
guards, who fired on the mob and killed six individuals. This greatly incensed the
rest; who were speedily joined by others, to the amount at lensth, it is said, of 30,000.
The ambassador's residence was surrounded, and although the ling sent his guards to
assist the Russians in their defence, they were not able to prevent the massacre of the
ambassador and his whole train, thirty m number, except one of the secretaries, and
two Cossacks, who were all that escaped with their lives. It is made a question whe-
ther this occurrence will not renew the war between Russia and Persia. It seems
phun that it ought not, and as Russia must at present wish for peace with Peraiay it is
probable that it will not.

AFRICA.

Attempts are makimr bv the Russians to detach the Pasha of Egypt firom his ally the
Grand Senior of the Turks. Alexandria has been blockaded by tne Russian fleet, and
two EgypiUn Vessels have been taken, which the Russian Admiral has ofibred to re-
store, on condition that the Pasha will engage not &rther to assist the Turks, either
with provisions or troops. The offer has not yet been accepted, but some expectations
are entertained that it will result in a treaty of peace between the Pasha ana the Rns-
aian Emperor.

The American colony at Liberia has affain sustained a severe loss, in the death of
Dr. Randal, the soccessor of the lamented Ashmun. Those who are disposed to see in
these afflictive visitations of a righteous Providence a reason either for regretting that
thie colony was founded, or that it ought now to be abandoned, should, we think, look
back to the original settlement of our own country, by our European ancestors. They
experienced Iootbs and hardships, with which all that has yet been experienced, in at-
tempting a settlement on the African coast, are but trifles in the comparison. Tet
under the eventual smiles of a benignant Providence, we have become the envy of the
world ; and for ourselves, our hope and expectation is, and has long been, that the
colony we are plajiting on the western shore of Afnea is destined to spread over that
vast continent the blessings of civil libertv, the arts of civilized life, and the inestima-
ble priTileges and hopeA.<» the gospel of Christ— The freeing of car own country from
the calamity and curse of slavery, although an object of great value in itself, we have
long regarded as only an incidental benefit, attending a great and glorious design of Pro-
vidence for melioratmg the condition of the inhabitants of one quarter of our globe.
We earnestly hope that the celebration of the epoch of our national independence, now
near at band, wiH, hj the liberal contributions of the Christians and patriots of the
United States, replenish munificently the treasury of the Colonization Society, that the
thousands of liberated Africans who are now waiting and wishing to leare our shores
lor the land of their forefathers, may be speedily gratified.

• AMERICA.
Bvxiros Atrxs.— The last accounts from this republick, rapresent it as in a state of
civil war of the most dieastrous character. The contest, as we have heretdbre men-
tioned, is between those who wish for a federal government resembling our own, and
which has hitherto existed, and those who desire to change this form, and bring the
whole of the United Provinces under a smgle legiaUtnie aiA one execotive head. The



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3S6 Ftetc? oj Publidc^^ffairs* Svhtf

leader of the ktter party m gmenX LaTaHe, who most inhumanly ordered Dorrego, the
eonstitutional chief of tfueooa Ayree, whom he had eaf>tared, to be ahot, with only an
bear's warninf. Lavaile probably wiahed and expected to make himaelf the DictaloT
of the United Proyiaeee. Floahcid with aome temporary socceaBy he carried the war to-
ward Santa Fe ; but he and his troope, it aeema, have been driven back into the very
eity aiid environa of Baenoa Ayrea. The Indiana have joined with his oppoeera* and
by the laat aecoonta it appeara that the inhabitanta of the oitv were under the meet fear-
f«l apprehenaionB, not withont canae, that they would be anbjected to ali the evila of a
pJace taken by aaaault, by an inoenaed soldiery, many of them barbarians, without ci-
vilization, and without mercy. It ia impoaaible to foreaee the aequel of these Bangui-
nary broils.

' Brazil. — The Engliah have made a demand on the emperor of Brazil, for indemnity
to a larse amount. Tor British vessels captu^^ and oonfiacated by hia order, in Um
Buenoa Ayraan war. The emperor, we suppose, haa »ot at present the ability, and cer-
tainly not the inehnation, to comply with this demand. But Britain will enforce it, and
as he cannot resist, and moreover wants British aid against his brother Don Bligoely he
will dovibtleas make the best compromise he can.

~ Jlfeonos, Cblombiaf PerUf CkiU, and Central Jtmeriea^ are all in n very perturbed and
unsettled state— aome in a greater and aorae in a less decree. In this tne enenuea of
republican governments rejoice, and over it their friends lament. But it ought to be
raeoUected that the ezistioe evils are all fairly attributable to a previous state of tyranny
and oppression, and tin haeita which such a state must ever produce. RepcdilScana,
we have freffaently reanarked, cannot be formed but by education; and we have iooy
fcared, and often hinted our fbars, thai the generation that bad grown up undw Spawiso
despotism could not enjoy the blessings of fVee government. We did however, at oae
penod^, hope that sanguinarv conflicta were at an end. We are not, however, greatly
disappointed that this hope haa not been reaHaed. There are real, and the most soriona
difficulties, in the way of estahliahing free and orderly goveromenta among our 80Uther«
neighbours. To remoive them without eonvulatona and bloodshed, more virtue, mora
enlightened views, and more patient endurance of temporary hardships, areneeaasaiy,
than are to be found among tne ignorant, depraved, and superstitious maaa, which com-
poses the population of theae recent Spaniah colonies. They have aome enlightened
men, bo^ even theae seem, in general, to lack patriotism and moral priaeiple, to a la-
mentable degree, and they are at beat but a small minority. It must probably be in thn
aohoel of much affliction that our neighbours must learn wisdom; but we doubt not that
eventually the southern part of our country, aa well as the northern, will exhibit such a
apectaeleof sooialhappineaaaaoan never ezist under the saray of those rulers of the i:\ii
world who now reJiMoe ia the oalamitiea that afflict the repuhlicka of the aouth.

Unitxd Statks. — Within the paat month we have aeen with painful fbelinga tlia
eommunioatien of our Praaident to the Cherokee Indians. We certainly regard them
aa the original proprietora of the aoil on which they live, and indeed of a great deal mntn
than they at nreaent occupy ; and we do not brieve that we, or any either nation on earthi
have a nurrof right to dispossess them, without their eonaent. We aaay talk aa we plaaae
about the rights of hidividual States to their whole territory, and of the pledges of tke
general govermnent to enaure that territory to the leparate States ; but the rights of
tbelndi^ a^e anfaiMdent and paramount to ail these ; and although we may have the
power to take away Vheao righta, to do so, ia o^fvrthelesa, in the ey«-of Him •'* whose
is the earth and the fhhieas thereof,*' an aet of no ordinary degvee ef moral turpitude.
Beside, we greatly miatake if the lands on which the Chemkeee nnw reaide have not
been aa fully and aolemnfy guaranteed to them 1^ treaty, as the rsg too ia to which they
are now required to remove. When our population aliall advaaee to that tugioor then
ia great reason to fear that the poor Mfiuns will be treated ezaody in the aaae onnnur
aa they new are. €k»d ia just, he is the vrenger of the opprosaM^ aod we hava caaaa
to ibar ibr our country - ^ Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right."



IG" We acknowledge wr tndebtednest to several carreftpondeats, wheie
communications shall appear as apeedilj asi^ssible* We invite attention
ta the advertisemeBts on our cover.



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AUGUST, 1829.



fieiigtott^ Commumtationgi.



Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 51 of 93)