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his resources for the support of the
distiller! Is any man wicked enough
to imagine, that a Being of infinite
wisdom and power and goodness,
has so mismanaged in the organiza-
tion of the world, that it cannot be .

properly conducted but by the
Vol. TIL— CA. Mv.


' version of wholesome nutriment
into a liquid " fire, which burns to
the lowest h^Il!"

There is another evil, more strict-
ly political, arising from the use of
ardent spirits. This article ma-
nages, or rather mismanages, our
popular elections. That candidate
IS the most likely to win the day,
who has made a liberal distribution
of the poison. He will receive the
votes of his partiskns, and the
hearty support of the whole frater-
nity of drunkards. Hopeful con-
stituents, and meet representatives !
— " fit body for fit head !" It must
be evident that if this disgraceful
practice beccrme general (and it al-
ready prevails to an alarming ex-
tent) the roost virtuous and con-
scientious candidate will be the
least likely to succeed in his elec- .
tion, because he will not tiave re-
course to such a mode of ensuring

We are apt to> imagine that our
political privileges rest on too solid
a basis to be ever shaken. But na-
tions who once had as much pride
and power as we now possess, are
at present " known only in song."
Drunken Babylon was surrounded
by a wall 350 feet in height, and 90
feet in breadth ; and yet the veiy
site she occupied is now unknown !
The salutary exercise of our elec-
tive franchise is the sheet anchor
of our republick. If this continue
unimpaired, the political vessel will
ride m triumph amid the fiercest
hurricane; but if this safeguard be
once removed, our barque will be
dashed upon the rock of despotism,
or stranded on the shoals of an-

We have an illustration in the
evil already alluded to, of the inef-
ficacy of salytary laws, where there
is not virtue and intelligence in the
community to support those laws.
There is an express statute in this
commonwealth, against any attempt
to influence a man's vote by the
means of ardent spirits ! The most
wholesome regulations may easily

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On Intemperance.


be superseded, or evadc^, or set at
defiance. And if the use of ardent
spirits gives peculiar facilities to un-
principled demagogues, for mount-
ing to posts of honour and profit, it
is certainly a great political evil - *
It is a worm at the root of the tree
of liberty, not the less dangerous
because it operates unneen.

The mora^ attendants on intem-
perance will close the catalogue of
evils. By making this a distinct
head, 1 do not mean that the do-
mestic and political evil 8 already ad-
verted to, are not immoral in tjieir
nature: or that what exerts a de-
moralizing influence is not a politi*
cal evil. But the evils, though
blended together, like the colours
of the rainbow, maj be separated,
at least in imagination; and if
viewed apart, may make a deeper
impression on the mind. |f we
' woo Id "a true verdict give," as to the
demoralizing influence of the use of
ardent spirits, we must recur to the
testimony of those who have had the
best opportunity of witnessing this
influence: we must inquire of those
who have the supervision of morals,
and search the faithful record of

Chancellor Walworth, of the
state of New York, witnesseth, that
three-fourths of all the crimes which
have fallen under his judicial no-
tice, have been owing to intempe-
rance. " If the murders and man-
slaughters, burglaries and robberies,
riots and tumults, adulteries and
other enormities were divided into
five parts, four have been the re-
sult of excessive drinking."^^udge
Hale. *' I declare in this publick
manner, and with the most solemn
regard to truth, that I do not re-
collect an instance, since my being
concerned in the administration of
justice, of a single person being put
on his trial for manslaughter, which
did not originate in drunkenness;
and but few instances of. trials for
norder, which did not spring from
Ae same unhallowed cause."*-*
Judge Rush's charge to a grand jury

of PennsyWania. *' To the use of

ardent spirits may be attributed, it
IS t>elieved, more than half the
crimes which swell our dockets.
In general, there is little difficulty
in tracing them directlj, or indi-
rectly, to that source. The man
who indulges himself lo their use
knows not when to stop. £ach suc-
cessive draught miist be stronger
than the last, or it is vapid to his
taste. He soon loses the confidence
of his fellow men. His business
fails, his friends forsake him, he
becomes poor and wretched; his
family suffer, he loses all self-re-
spect and associates with the roost
abandoned, readj for the worst of
crimes. The downhill path from
intemperance to crime is steep and
slippery. Few can stand and fewer
still return."— -Judge Cranch's
charge to a grand jury of the Dis-
trict of Columbia, inquinng for the
United States, delivered at a late
session in Washington.

In the- city of t^w York, during
the week ending on the 25d of
May, 1829, seven^-liro indictments
took place for crimes committed by
persons intoxicated. The number
of indictments before the Mayor'a '
Court of Philadelphia, during the
week ending on the 15th of Novem*
ber, 1828, was forty-five: and
twenty-four of these were for
crimes committed under -the influ*
ence of intoxication. During the
week next eosuiog, there were
forty -three indictments, and nine-
teen of these were for crimes com-
mitted by drunken persons. A
thorough examination of the re«
cords of our cities and counties^
would probably present a like per-
manent result; rrom which it maj
be fsirly inferred, that about one
half of ail the crimes cognizable
before our tribunals of justice, are
owing to the use of ardent spirits.

Intemperance leads to ialeoessi

gaming, lying, and profligacy— 4he

most solemn promises are disre-

, garded, the most important duties

aie neglected~£very geaeresi

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Meawnsjor going to Chwreh Me.


fi^itBg becomes benumbed, besot-
ted and TroEeQ. The druokard is
at last inaccessible to every salu-
tary influence, whether from thinn
temporal or things eternal. He
grows deaf to reason, to religion, to
entreaty, to remonstrance; he re-
gards not the tears and vroans of a
&oder and once beloved wife, nor
the cries of his helpless and famish-
ed babes: and dies at last unre-
gretted, and total 1;^ estranged from
that '* holiness, without which no
nan can see the Lord."

The drunkard is frequently guilty
of what mar be called professionat
crimes, or delinquencies, which are
sometimes of a ver? aggravated
nature, and exceedingly injurious to
others. Let us instance the ca^e of
a drunken physician, a class of men
among whom this vice is peculiar-
ly inexcusable, and yet alarmingly
Kevalent. <* He forgets hie pro*
isional engagements, and disap-
points his patients— to their great
irritation, if not actual injury. In-
stead of acknowledfring the truth,
he is tempted to offer unfounded
excuses, and thus contracts a habit
of falsehood. But all thij» is a tiifle,
compared with other delinquencies.
He doe^i not recollect, from one visit
to another, the symptoms and treat-
ment of his patients; and therefore
can prosecute no systematick or ra-
tional meth<Ki of cure. He observes
clumsily, scrutinizes no deeper
than the surface, forms hasty con-
clusions, and prescribes at random.
Like a blind Cyclops, he inflicts
heavy blows, but knows not whe-
ther they fall on the disease or the
patient." — Drake. It is impossible
to conceive the incalculable inju-
ries the intemperate man may in-
flict on others by delinquencies of
this sort. A drunken lawyer may
beggar his client; a drunken mer-
chant may ruin his. creditor who
depended on a prompt payment; a
drunken physician may kill his pa-
tient; a drunken teacher will do
jour children more injury in a day
than his instructions wiii do them

good in a year; a drunken trades-
man will subject you to as many
disappointments in a year, as may
make you bankrupt both in pa-
tience and property. This is the
man ** who injures nobody but him-
self:" The injuries he does are not
intentionaL But if such be his unin-
tentional crimes, then " from those
that are intentional !

The feelings of horror we would
naturally have on witnessing a case
of drunkenness, have become in a
great measure torpid from the fre-
quency of the occurrence. Did we
see but one drunkard in an age, he
would be accounted a monster in
the moral world, like Cerbei^us, or
Alecto,or Polyphemus, in the world
of fable. How apt the description
of the Mantuan bard—

Monstrum, horrendum, informe, ingent,
cui htflien ademptum !

The future prospects of the
drunkard are of too awful a nature
to be alluded to, except in the lan-
guage of inspiration. Those oolj
are declared to be hopeful candi-
dates for heaven who " live soberly,
righteously and godly in this pre-
sent evil world." " The works of
the flesh are manifest, which are
these, adultery, fornication, un-
cleanness, lasctviousness, idolatry,
witchcraft, hutred, variance, wrath,
strife, seditions, heresies, envyings,
murders, drunkenness, reyfilWngs,
and such like; of the which I tell you
before, as 1 have told you in time
pant, that they which do such things
shall not inherit the kingdom of
God."— Gal. v^ 19—21.



[/Vvm the ChrUUan 0b9erver ]

A correspondent in your last

Number mentions his reasons for

Koing to church early, and wishes to

know whether any of your readers

can give better reasons for going

late. As Ip air, am ene of those who

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are seldom in their pew till after the
Second Lesson. I feel mjaelf a iktie
attacked by hit observations; and
shall, therefore, as he desires, spe-
cify a few of Di^ reasons, though
perhaps his rigidityship will not ac-
count them, equally good with his

In the first place, going to church
late allows more time in the morn-
ing for sleep, for breakfast, for con-
versation, for ordering dinner, for
reading the newspaper, if a man,
and for dressing, if a woman. It is
also more compatible with Satur-
day evening parties, which naturally
throw matters into a little bustle the
next morning. Again, it helps to
abridge the service, always a most
desirable* point. It adds to one's
consequence, showing that one is
not a mean pitiful nobody, afraid to
excite attention by breaking in upon
a congregation. It is a kind and
neighbourly act*to those who arrived
early, perhaps mistaking the time,
affording them a little relief from
overstrained attention. It encou-
rages others who might find it plea-
sant to come late, but would have
been ashamed but for our example.
It shows one is not a Methoclist..
It indicates a generous, courageous
spirit; as though one should say, I
neither fear God, nor regard man,
though I thiniL this inference is
rather too violent. I might mention
other reasons, but these appear to
me as weighty as any I could ur^e.
Those who are not satisfied with
them, had better adopt the plan
recommended by your correspond-
ent, last* Number: those who are,
will imitate the example of your
humble servant,

Barbara Gadabout.


We are inclined to believe, that
we cannot fill a few pages of our
work more to the satisfaction of our
readers, than by inserting the fol-

lowing extracts from the proceed-
ings and speeches which took place
at the last anniversary meeting of
the London Missionary Society—

The Rkt. W. Obxi then announced to
the meeting, th»t the EeTerend Mftrk
Wilks, of Paris, would now introduce to
them the three French miflsionaries des*
tined for South Africa, (^^fiplaute.) .

The Hkv. Mabk Wilm.— The report
which has been read, and the speecn of
Dr. Philip, have made you aciquainted
with the intention of the Miamonaiy So-
ciety at Paris to send three young men
as miaaionaiiea, to accompany Ur. Philip
to South Africa, and to commence their
labours under his kind care and direction.
It is now my duty to introduce them pub-
Itckly to you ; and I have no doubt you
will receive them with much pleasure.

[The three young men were then con-
ducted to the front of the platform, and
viewed with intense interest by the meet-
ing, while Mr. Wilks proceeded.]

Twenty-seiren years ago,— that is to
say, as soon as the laws gave effect to the
principles of liberty in France — as soon
as peace between France and England
enabled the one country to communicate
with the other,— you sent a chosen depu-
tation to France, to ascertain the state of
the Protestant churches there, and to io-

Suire as to the best means of affording
lero assistanoe and relief. Of the four
valuable and excellent men who com-
posed that deputation not one is to be
found among us; not one is here to-day,
to witness this gratifying spectacle ; the
whole four have been removed from
among us — they are gone to their homes.
It is not for me to praise them; their
names will be always watchwords in our
churches, their meoK>ries are already em-
balmed, and their characters will be
sweet to our latest posterity. Three of
those who formed that deputation were
ministers of three different denomina-
tions, and the otlier was a layman, who
accompanied tliera» — ^your first treasurer,
who was, indeed, a personification of all
that was amiable, liberal, just, and goed. It
was not, therefore, with any sectarian view
that your deputation visited France ; but it
was from a spirit of true Christian f^uuity,
and from a desire to contribute to the re-
vival of pure religion amongst the descend-
ants of the once celebrated Huguenots of
that land. It was for your Society that
this honour wm reserved. I mention this
with no invidious feeling against other
Christian institutions. When you be^pa
the work, other societies, some of which
have now become even more colossal
than yours, did not exist Hid they ex-

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iBted, tliey would doubtlen bare emu- .
latedand aliaredyour zeali but you alone
were tben enabled to act, and you ap-
peared as representatives of the Christian
fee]iDg> tben latent in this country. But
how sad was the report made by that de-
putation ! How different from that which
you have just heard from the lips of Dr.
Philip! I remember that at that time you
received a letter from one of the most
respected mtnistera of France (who is
still Wxugf and pastor of Boiudeaux;
whose son is known to Jcreral around
me; and who» after having visited this
country, returned to France in company
with a young man educated at your se-
minary at Gosport, and introduced Into
that country the British system of instruc-
tion) : that venerable minister wrote to
you, saying, •* The design of your Society
will do et«mal honour to those who form-
ed it, and entitle them to the love artd
gratitude of everjp^tme Christian. We
need your help— -we are destitute of
every thing. We have no books; no
Bibles; no catechisms j no periodical
works, to defend Christianity or Protest-
antism from the attacks that are daily
made upon it;— we have few temples,
and our ministers are too poor to live
without givinff their time to secular em-
ployments, often unworthy and degrad-
ing, and, although the government baa
provided by law for their maintenance, a
▼ear has pMsed since the psssin^ of the
law, and they have received nothmg. If,
tben, you can help us in tbase respects, -
you will confer invaluable benefits on the
descendants of the Huguenots of France.''
Bible and tract societies did not then ex-
ist in this country, but^you anawered the
appeal. You began to print and to send
tSem Bibles and Tesuments, and other
works of which they stood so much in

This Christian intercourse, however,
was not long permitted to continue. War
again rolled its separating and desolating
flood between the two countries; and for
many years your communications were
entirely suspended. That war termi-
nated, with two invasions of France in as
many years. During those invasions, the
Proteirtants suffered from political reac-
tions, more than any other class of the
community : their temples were destroy-
ed, their pastors insulted, and their flocks
^B^ersed) and even where actual vio-
lence did not intrude, menace and terror
kept the people in continual apprehen-
tton — apprehension increased by an in-
quisitorial and Jesuitical censure of the
press. When, after all these calamities,
and notwithstanding the distress and de-
pression which they have suffered, we
see that those very churches have so re-

vived as to be able to take a part in your .
proceedings this day, and to send three
of their missionaries to aid you in the
good work, ma> we not exclaim, «• What
hath God wrought T* Who could have
imagined, that in so short a time, such a
change could have taken place — a change
so gratifying to the Christian world; a
change in a country which was formerly
so barren to the eye of Christian charity
and benevolence. Yes, my friends, the
scenes that took place in Paris when
these three young men were devoted to
the work of Christian labour among the
heathen, are such as I cannot pretend to
describe. Immense crowds were assem-
bled, and the solemnity of their conse-
cration wasauch as France never witness-
ed, even in the days of her greatest prua-
perity; for France, be it remembered,
had never till then furnished Protestant
missionaries for the conversion of the
heathen world. This animating scene took
place within a short distance of the spot
on which Admiral Coiigny was murdered;
where the bell tolfed to announce the
massacre of St. Bartholomew; and within
but a short distance of the palace from
which Charles the Ninth amused himself
with firing upon the hopeless and help-
less crowd of flying and mutikted Pro-
testants. Oh! bow different was the
scene to which I now refer!— a scene
that made my heart leap with joy within
me — a scane that revived and strengtlien-
ed my then almost exhausted frame ; and
I am persuaded, that while the Protest-
ants of France wept tears of gratitude and
delight, the occasion was not lost upon
them ; nor will your hearts be unmoved
by their recital on this occasion. Where,
not many years ago, the goddess of rea-
son had received publick homage, and
cruelties had been committed even by fe-
males, you would have beheld ladies as-
sembled, not for the purpose of destnic-
tion, but to aid in the work of mercy and
of love. There you would have seen
them offering for publick sale the worka
which their own hands had made, in order
that with the proceeds they might equip
the young men, whom you see before
you, aa missionaries to heathen Unds.
The sainted men whom you a few years
ago sen't to France, witnessed scenes very
different indeed from these, when they
visited the capital of that country. Dr.
Philip had an opportunity of witnessing
the altered and improved feeling which
now animates the Protestants of the
French capital; and it is with sincere joy
that I now confide to him the three young
men whom the Paris Missionaiy Society
have amed to place under his care, and
to send with him to South Africa. To
your Society, then, be the honour of this

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days for it Beems to bAve been wisely or-
dained by Providence, that he who first
opened the door of freedom to Africa,
should be directed to conduct to that
country the first missionaries frtim France.

[The Rev. gentleman then turned to
Dr. Philip, and said, whiie the three mis-
(Honaries advanced in front of the plat*
form :— ]

Take, then, my beloved friend, these
three young men: they are simple, but
they are sincere; they have been brought
up amuiig us, without pretensions, in
humble and simple habits, which I trust
they will preserve ; they love the Saviour
who died for them, and they love the
souls he came to redeem. It i« such mo-
tives as these that have compelled them
to leave their homes and their native
country : to endeavour to give to others
that hope which they themselves enjciy ;
and to excite in their beans that love
which glows in their own. They love
you, they respect you, and, I trust, they
will prove a comfort to you, as they will
necessarily increase your anxiety. Tea,
my inenu, God has signally honoured
you. St. Paul bad to vmdicate his own
freedom, and to struggle for his own
rights ; but it has been your happy and
enviable lot to vindicate the rights, and
to struggle for the freedom, of the tribes
of Africa — and in those struggles to be
successful. Others have said to the slave,
** Abide in your calling;" consoling him
in his bondage, ahd assuring him of liber^
and rest in heaven. But you have broken
their bonds asunder — ^you have told them
not only of peace and rest in heaven, but
of liberty, peace, and happiness on earth.
May success attend you; may your ex-
ample be imitated by all who seek the
salvation of the human race; and may
these..young men give you delight, con-
solation, and satisfaction! and through
your means may the bond of union be-
tween the Protestants of this country and
those of France heootne more intimate ;
and may their united efforts more effec-
tually advance the interests of true reli-
gion throughout the world ! One of our
young friends will now address the

Mr. BisiEux, one of the voung French
missionaries, then addressea the meeting
as follows: —

Mr. Chairman, and ladies and gentle-
men t— I am afraid to speak to you in
your own language, of which I know so
yery little ; but I rejoice very much to
have an opportunity of expressing to you
the feelings of my heart, and of those of
my brethren here with me this day : we
cannot sufficiently bless God for having
brought us among you to attend this so-
lemn meeting, and to be witnesses of the

great and marvelbxig thiiige th«t Lohl <
od is doing by your means. But we
are not only witnesses of them ; we dc»*
sire also to enter upon the wurk<— -to be
workers with you, as you are all workeie
with God. We are pleased at the thou^t
that we are yours, and tbar you are our«»
and that we are all one in Christ,— -to
preach the gospel of our L.ord Jesue
Christ, and to make known to the hea*
then, even to the uttermost par<s of the
world, this great mystery, that ** God eo
loved the world, tlut be gave his only
begotten Son, that whosoever belie veth
on him should not perish, but have ever*
lasting life." We have reason to hope
that Christian love will increase and flou«
rish between us. We are going forth
with your missionaries, to aland where
you have already missionaries; we will
work with them, and th<^ will work with
us; we will plant, and we will water, and
Gpd, even our God, will bless us aH. We
are going fbr*h with our father, for we
regaid Dr. Philip as a father; he urill
lead us into the right path, and we will
tread it together with him. How ean we, .
then, sufficiently express our thanka to
you,— to you, Mr. Chairman-— to you, Te-
nerable committee— and to you, Christian
friends, — for what you have done for us?
how can we sufficiently thank you for
the blessing you have bestowed upon lie ?
But we have' to present to your society
the grateful thanks of all the GbriBtiane
we left behind us in our country; they
earnestly desire your prosperity /and they
prav that success may attend your laboort
of love ; they well know the good you
are doing abn ad, and in their own hearts
they ft el the influence of your example.
Our country has fcMight wiUi yours in the
career of war, but we now desire to walk
with you in the career of peace and love
(Jppfause) ; it is the will of God that it
should be so, and I am sure be will keep his
promise. We go, then, under the direc*
tion of Dr. Philip, and we go with confi-
dence : I fear you do not understand my
words, but I am sure you tmderstand my
heart. {Much (ippiam§e,)

The Rxv. Db. Pbilif then came for-
ward, deeply affected, and takins^ the
young missionary by the hand, said-— My
dear young friend; I here give you the
right hand of fellowship, and declare be-
fore this assembly, and before God, that
I will be as a father to you and to your bre-

Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 63 of 93)