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thren, and that we wiU labouc together in
Christ You shall have my heart, and
^ou shall have my prayers, 1 have bees
just reminded uf what Bonaparte once
said—** With the assistance of England, I
could conquer the whole world." Now»
then, we see England and France united,
and I may add^ also^ the Gonfederatioii sf



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407



Hbe Rhine, goin|^ forth together } not to
deluge the earth with blood ; not to de-
•oliite cities and provinces ; not to erect
an earthly kingdom ; — but to establish
peace and good will amdng mankind, to
make the whole world acquainted with
the gospel, and to bring them to the
knowledge of Jesus Christ. The great
Captain uf our salvation baa gone before
us, mounted on his white hurse ; he is
alread) levling on liis squadrons! Let us
follow hia banner; and if we fall on the
high places of the field to which he con-
ducts us*, we shall die with joy in the
- midst nf our efforts to promote the spread
of his kingdom. [Many of the audience,
were in ' tears during this interesting
scene.]

The ChairmjUt here roae, and said— I
beg leave to propose an extemporaneous
res(»lution, in onier that the auspicious
and interesting event the Society has
just will leased mny be placed upon re-
cord ; the resolution is as follows : —

••That the Society receives with the
most lively satisfaction, at its present an-
niversaiy, the three first roissiunaries sent
forth by the Protestant churches of France
to the work of missions to the heathen,
especially as their labours are intended to
be collateral with those of the missiona-
rits of this Society in South Africa; and
it wishes them the most abundant success
in the particular stations to which Divine
Providence shall conduct them.*'

The resolution was put, and carried
unanimously, with great applause.

W. Thomas, Esq., of the Madras civil
•ervice, rose to move the next resolution,
and aaidp— I am anxious to add my testi-
mony to those of the Rev. Dr. Philip and
Mr. Buxton, with, regard to the vast im-
provements effected by your missionaries
in the moral condition of the natives of
South Africa. These statements have not
been exaggerated. It was my lot to re-
side in South Africa during a period of
nearly two years: J visited the settle-
ments of your missionaries; there the
most perfect order existed, and there the
Hottentots were raised to a state of order
Mid decency that would have done honour
to any but the most civifized country of
Europe. I had for some time previously
resided in other European settlements,
where the manners and practices were
degrading, not only to Christianity, but to
human nature; where the Sabbath was
not at all observed; and where the duties
of thatboly dav were superseded by the
VKMt shameful proceedings. The con-
trast which these stations presented to
thoce occupied by your missionaries, af-
fbrda the best illustration of the value of
■lissionMfy exertions.

ft 19, sir, due to this Society, to state the



probable results that will arise from an
event which none can so well appreciate
as those who are acquainted with South
Africa, — I mean the acquisition of the
charter of the liberties of that country,
which has already secured to the Hotten*
tot the invaluable blessings of the British
constitution. Already have individuals
been raised up to enjoy those advantages;
and I am sure the time will come, when
all the natives of South Africa will feel
and understand them, and show to Eng-
land how well they have deserved them.
Sir ; it is by an agent of this Society, Dr*
Philip, that this great work has been ac*
complished; and I consider it my duty,
although not connected with your So-
ciety, to bear my testimony that the na-
tives of South Africa are indebted to that
man for the great charter of African free-
dom. Some time before I left Africa, I
visited a missionary station, where the in-
telligence had been received that there
was some prospect of the natives being
soon relieved tram their gallinr fetters.
The veiy hope gave them so mucn energy
and delight, that they immediately set
about, of their own free will, erecting a
school-house,— a work which they per-
formed with great credit and skill as
workmen. If such, then, were the effects
of the mere hope of relief,' what may we
not expect from these people when thev
shall enjoy the full advantages to which
they are now entitled? I have never
known a missionary station where much
good was not produced. Even in those
stations where Christ has been preached
under the greatest disadvantages, the
most beneficial results have been felt.
My mind is therefore assured, tlttt Chris-
tian missions are honoured with God's pe- ,
culiar blessing. l*he time is not certainly
arrived, when it can be said, that many
Hindoos have been converted to Chris-
tianity ; but even in India, your missiona-
ries have already had great success in up-
rooting those prejudices which have been
hitherto the great barrier to their pro-
gress. Well do I remember, when Mr.
Hands endeavoured to introduce a print-
ing press at Bellary, that a gentleman in
an official situation was obliged to oome
forward and be security that no evil should
arise from granting him permission. But
it was the excellent and unexceptionable
conduct of yodr missionary that induced
this gentleman to come forward. Having
merely stated a ftw facts that cannot be
contradicted, 1 now beg leave to move the
following resolution :—

** That this meeting presents its most
cordial thanks to the auxiliwy societies,
associations, cong^gations, nuoister^ and
others, who have, so liberally contributed
to the funds of thk Sociely daring the



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Sept.



IMurtyeftr. The meetmc^feels it incumbent,
at the same time, to express its great con-
cern on hearing oF the continued dispro-
portion between the income of the So-
ciety, and the expenditure of its extend-
ed and diversified operations; and it earn-
estly recommends to the friends of the
niissionary cause, in every part of the
United Kingdom, to use their most stre-
nuous endeavours to raise new supporters
of the Society, so as to obvtate the ne-
cessity of curtaihng its operations."

The Ret. Jouir Buan btt; of Cork.— At
this late hour of the day, 1 promise not to
detain you, sir, or the meeting, with any
lengthened remarks. But I cannot se-
cond this resolution, which refers to the
state of the finances of your Society, with-
out reflecting on the altered slate of
things with regard to missionary societies,
among kindred nations in Europe, for
now all nations are kindred to us. We
have seen France marshalling her ener-
gies round her eagle ; and well has she
played her part. We now see her rally-
ing round the cross ; and we may antici-
l^te from her, the. most brave, persever-
mg, and succesMfui efforts. We have seen
France assembling her hosto, and carry,
ing on a fearful and a protracted war
aeainst us; but now we behold her peo-
ple enlisting with us, under the banner
of the one true God. If we have been so
successful while we sustained the combat
alone, what may we not expect from
these combined efforto^ While 1 delight
thus publickly to testify my jo^ at tl)e
chaosre that has taken place - whil<^ 1 con-
template France as co-operating with ua
in seeking to destroy the strqng-holds of
Satan, and to spread Christianity among
the nations— I will ask this meeting whe-
ther, since France has begun to supply
troops, we will refuse to furnish the com-
mtssariat department? (Cheer*,) Sir, this
resolution tenders thanks to the auxiliary
and other societies^ tor their contributions
in support of the fUnds of this institution.
Now, Sir, let me remind those societies,
that in oflTering them the thanks of this
meeting* we do so, only to encourage
them to go on with the work they have
commenced. Let them not think they
may now go to repose, under the idea
that they have done their duty; — let them
not for a moment imagine that they may
now put off their armour, and remain at
ease in their encampmenu. No such
thing! We only thank them, that they
may go with greater energy to the work.
Let them look round upon the field in
which they are called upon to labour,
and they will behold the army of the
living God still expecting supplies— they
will perceive there is still a dense column
of their enemiea to be attacked and sub-



dued; and until that colomn is broken
through— until the powerful position they
occupy is carried,— they can never rest
upon their arms — our final thanks can
never be given. If we find, then, that
the auxiliaries do not keep pace with the
army which is fighting against the foe, we
must only say to those auxiliaries, we will
thank ^ou more warmly and more loudfy
when you have done more.

But, Sir, if we are called upon to ex-
press our gratitude, we are also called upon
to express our regret Gratitude and re-
gret are mingled m this resolution, and I
must mingle them in my remarks; for yoa
state your " great concern on hearing the
continued disproportion between the in-
come of the Society, and the expenditure
of its extended and diversified open^
tions."

We are then, Sw, to be sorry ; but let
me ask what are we to be sony for? Is
it because we are engaged in a low and
grovelling cause? m:*»the cause we
advocate is the cause of angel% and of
God. Is it because we are ashamed of
the field in which we labour, and of the
work that we perform ? No ;— that field
is the world, which was given by Uie
Father to the Son ; and the Son has com-
manded us to put on our armour, and to
engage in the work. Are we aslumed of
the banner under which we act ? No. If
that banner floated m heaven ; if it were
planted upon the highest battlement
there, or raised amidst the brightest hosts
of the heavenly world ;— 4t would even
cast a radiance, a lustre, and a glory, over
the columits of the archangel, and oat*
rival the native splendour with which
those immonal intelligences are clothed.
(Affplame,) No, my friends, we have
no reason to be ashamed of our work;—*
we have no reason to be ashamed of our
banner ; — we have no reason to be sony
that we labour in such a field ;— we have
reason to regret but one thing, and that
is, the deficiency in the funds of this So-
ciety. Our only concern is, that there is
a disproportion between its income and
Its expenditure. If the expenditure of
the Society has fallen below its contribu-
tions, and if this evil has continued from
year to vear, our regret must be still
deeper, because it is not new. Were
this the first time such a statement had
been embodied in a resolution, we mi^t
expect great things from such a meeting
as this ; we might expect that Christian
liberality would be so exerted, as to wipe
out the debt for ever. But the word
^continued" reminds me that this meet-
ing must have known before of its exist-
ence ; this must be, indeed* a source of
very deep regret. I ask you» then, will
youy notwithstanding the banner under



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wl^ch you fiffht— notwithsUndinpf the
struggles you nave made to obtain the
glory you have acc|uired» — ^hang up in its
stead the banner of bankruptcy ? Of that
you would have reason indeed, to be
ashamed, but of nothing else. {Applatue.)
The meeting, in putting this resolution
into my hands, calls upon me to express
a third feeling. It calls upon me to state
to the ftiends of the missionary cause
throughout the kingdom, the necessity
for raising new supporters to this institu-
tion, so as to prevent the curtailing of
its operations. This is the last wish of
the resolution, and I put it to you — I call
upon the iriends of the missionary cause
throughout the United Kingdom, to use
their most strenuous exertions to increase
the funds of this Society. But can we
who are assembled here, with any con-
sistency, depart without having contri-
buted ourselves, and tell those to whom
we send this resolution, that although we
have given nothing ourselves, they must
forward their supplies? No; we can do
no such tMng. It is necessary that we
first do much, and then refer others to
what we have done. You must first raise
a pedestal of your own offerings; and
when you take your stand there, and say,
'*Come, assist us by enlarged contribu-
tions to increase the expenditures of so
noble an institution,'* they will hear and
understand you : but if you take another
course, they will require a translation of
your words. Contribute yourselves, then,
and all the ambiguity of your resolution
will be at once dissipated : they will un-
derstand, that having yourselves done all
you could, you are justified in demanding
sud from them. They will feel and act
with you, if you tell them of the interest-
inc^ scenes you have this day witnessed —
tell them of the animating and delightful
scene with which France has this day fur-
nished you — tell them how deeply your
hearts were gratified, and your spirits
cheered. But, my friends, they will not
believe your statement, Imless they see,
in your contributions of to-day, a proof
that you are determined to support this
new acquisition to the missionary army.
Will you send' forth those brave and ex-
cellent men, and give them nothing more
than your good wishes, and your prayers ?
Will you not rather present to them a
generous off*ering from your pecuniary

{iroperty } I am told there is to be a col-
ection when this resolution has passed.
I shall, then, press the resolution, not by
asking you to hold up your hands, but by
asking you to put them down. {Laugh-
ter.^ It is an easy thing for you to pass a
resolution by holding up your hands, but
I shall propose that you put them down.
Vol. VII.— CR. Adv.



and then thrust them into your pocketB.
{Cheers,)

A gentleman who has experienced no-
thing of this da;jr'8 excitement, who has
not witnessed this animating scene from
prince, and who, sitting in Christian cool-
ness in his own closet, has not mingled
among you, has sent to your Society, what
he conscientiously and bone^ftly considers
it entitled to ; and 1 take for granted, that
many in this meeting will rise far above
him. Remember that this is the offering
of a cold, calculating man, given not at
the altar, but to the priest at a distance
from it — given without any of the excite-
ment you have this day experienced ; and
I do expect that his example will this
day be followed up, and surpassed by
many, because of tkc feelings which they
. must have this day experienced, and
which give them so great an advantage
over this cold, calculating man in his clo-
set. He has sent you his contribution-^
it is a cheque for the sum of one hundred
pounds! Remember, this is the cold
man's offering ; but if his example be not
followed up, shall we not say that the
poles of some regions are hotter than the
equators of others? (CA««r#.) But some
of you will say, *< Oh ! this is a rich roan»
who has nothing to do with his money,
and is glad to gpve it away, rather than be
obliged to keep accounts ;" or, «• per-
haps he only wants to make a flourish at
a missiont^ry meeting." If such be the
case, I shall surely disappoint him, for I
shall not mention his name ; but as be was
aware of this beforehand, it is not likely
to have been the principle on which he
acted. {Cheert,) But it may be said
again, " Oh ! this is some one who gives
to a missionary society, but who gives to
nothing else." The fact is, however, not
SO; for, let me tell you, that when I
preached last year a sermon in behalf of
this institution, I have reason to know
that this same cold, calculating individual
put a fiOy pound note into the plate!
And he is, besides, an annual subscriber
to an auxiliary society. {Jppiaute,) "Oh!"
but some of you may say, "this is his
hobby, and every man likes to subscribe
liberally to his hobby.'' I tell you, how-
ever, that this also is not the dase ; for
this gentleman is now engaged in erect-
ing a chapel, which will cost no less m
sum than ^3000, every fraction of which
comes out of his own pocket. {Cheers,)
I may be told now, that he is some old
bachelor. {Laujhtet.) This is also a
mistake, for he happens to have been
married twice. {Cheers.) "But," it may
be said, "although he has had two wives,
he may have no children, and therefore
no one to inherit his wealth." This is a
3F



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mistake, too; for he happens not only to
have children, bat grandchildren; yes,
and two batches of them. (Great laugh-
ter.) And notwithstanding his great libe-
rality, all of them are well provided for,
I will next be told, '<Oh! the man waft
left this money, and never knew what it
was to earn it ; or he has been left an
enormous legacy, which he little expect-
ed; or he may have eained a twenty
thousand prize in the lottery, by some
lucky turn of the wheel of fortune."
Here, again, you would be at fault; for
the man made all his money himself,
(Cheere andlaughter.^ In short, this ge-
nerous man is a plam, honest, conscien-
tious. Christian Englishman, who has'
many to provide for, and does provide
amply for them all b^ his labours ; but
who, with the fruit of his labour, con-
trives to come forward and answer the
demand for every good work, brought
home to his understanding and his con-
science. Not being present at this meet-
ing, he has not had, like you, any excite-
ment to stimulate him to this act. Let
me see, then, whether this cold, calcu-
lating man — this twice married grand-
father, — will outstrip in bis closet the ef-
forts of those, who, under the influence
of a London fever of zeal, are boasting of
London efforts. (Great oheer$.) if his
example be not followed, what a reproach



will it be to you! Toa htTe, Mr. (%air-
man, with great kindness, endeavoured
to explain the deficiency in the contri-
butions. I confess, however, though it
may seem presumptuous to oppose a
banker in matters of finance, that your
logic did not quite convince me: 1 fear
that such explanationa^ will pass for no-
thing, when the missionary bills come
home to the directors; for they must be
paid with cash, and not with logic ^ I
say, then, wlien other societies are thriv-
ing in their funds, it would be sad indeed
if we were to fall behind. Other socie-
ties are but the wings of that g^at army,
of which your Society forms the centre.
If you become weak, and give way, those
wings must also yield to the power of the
foe ; and your missionary labours will be
crippled, unless this institution is sustain-
ed by liberal contributions. I now beg
leave to second the resolution.

The CKAinnur.— Ladies and gentle-
men, I must put the resolution to you ip
the usual manner first. AH who approve
of the resolution, will, therefore, signify
the same by holding up their hands ; and
all who arc determined to support it nrac-
ticolly and effectually, by putting oown
their hands into their pockets.

The resolution was then carried with
laughter and applause.



iSebtetD.



We are greatly disappointed in
not being able to continue the Re-
view of Uerman Neohogism, trans-
lated for our work from the Archives
du Christianisme, and a part of
which has appeared in our last
three numbers. We had no doubt,
when the publication of this Review
was determined on, that the Nos.
of the Archives iu which the conti-
nuation was to be inserted, would
reach us long before the present
time. Such, we regret to say, has
not been the fact — We have no
doubt that the Nos. have been sent;
but the last that has reached us is very near its summit.
These stones, varying in weight from one
to ten or twenty pounds, lie loosely toge-
ther and may be efisily removed with tne
hand — no earth of any consequence being
found among them, of course no trees can

Srrow there, and the only shrubs to be
uund are a few wild currant bushes.

The side of the above mentioned moun-
tain is fully exposed to the rays of the sun,
ftom 9 to 10 o'clock in the morning until
sunset, without any intervening mountain
or grove to protect it. In this mountain
may be found at all seasons of the year, in
summer as well as in winter, an abundance
of ICE. — It is procured without the least
difficulty; it is only necessary for the
stones lying on the top to be removed, the
ice will be fbund lying among and adhe-
ring to other stones, in pieces of different
sixes, all as hard and as firm as in the win-



ter season. It was on the 4th of July last,
that I visited this mountain ; and it will be
recollected that prior to that time, there
had been some very wilrm and oppresuve
weather, nevertheless, with the assistance
of a gentleman who aooompanied me, I
procured a plenty of ice ; and I am very
confident, that in the space often minutes,
we could have found more than we conU
have conveniently carried. So eamly is it
procured and so abundantly is it found, that
persons living in the neigUxKirhood, aiein
the daily habit during the sammei months,
of procuring it for the use of their families.

The ice fsaw, was found near the foot
of the mountain, but I was informed, tod
have no ^oubt, that it might be procured
a considerable distance up the moon-
tain ; but the difficfnlty of ascending over
the loose rocks, and indeed, the danger of
those from above tumbling down in the
removal of those below, prevented my «s-
certainin|» the fact. Oat of this mountani,
and through the stones, there issues a
strong current of extremely oold air. It is
not hke the common breexe that Mows
over our fields, abatin^g at intervals, but is
continual and unremitting, and is as coU
as the wind in the middle of December.
From my recollection of the Blowing Cave,
mentioned by Mr. Jefferson, in his Notes en
Virginia, I am pretty eonfident the corrent
of air which issues from this mountain is
much stronger than that from the Gave,
and i^reatly colder. It may be furthermore
mentioned as descriptive of this singular
mountain, that a gentleman who lives near,
and whose plantation lies adjacent to the
mountain, has built among the stones a
small hoase, for the purpose of keeping
fresh meats, butter, milk, &c. I saw,
when there, ioicles hangiiu^ from the bot^
tom logs of this house, as Sna and as bard
as are found here in the depth of whiter,
and was told that it was not uncommon to
find the flies and insects, attracted by the
meats, &c. lying numbed and motionlesi
upon the stones.

As may be supposed, a person, on ap-
proaching the mountain, experiences a
manifest change hi the atmosphere, and, I
have no doubt, that in the warmest and
most sultry day, a person, by remaining
on it for a few hours, would feiel a eoolnev f
almost disagreeable.

I have thus given yon a very imperfect
account. of the Ice mountain; the eaosss
which conspire to produce this singular
phenomenon, I am not able to explain, and
shall not, therefore, make the attempt, but
shall leave the Usk to others who find
more pleasure in such investigations. M.

Amherst CowUy, Virgima,
July 22d, 1629.



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llidt0tou^ SJnteHi&ence.



MISSIONS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
or THE PRESBYTERIAN OHUROH.

It nay be recollected that in the
first circular of the Executive Com-
mittee of "the Board of Missions of
the Presbyterian Church, published
in the Christian Advocate for July
1828, it was stated that " a monthly
periodical, under the title of The
Missionary Reporter^ was in con-
templation ;" but that " in the mean
time, relisious periodicals already
established would be employed to
convey to the ptiblick the state-
ments which it would be the duty
of the committee to make.'' These
statements have accordingly, for
something more than a year past,
been published in the Christian Ad-
vocate and the Philadelphian. But
the time originally contemplated
has arrived, and. arrived more
speedily than was expected, when
the Committee believe that a " Mis-
sionary Reporter" is demanded to
make known, more generally than
could otherwise be done, the various
concerns of those missions which
the Presbyterian Church, in her dis-
tinctive character, is now patroni-
sing with a most laudable spirit of
liberality and activity. Arrange-
ments have therefore been made, in
concert with the Board of Education
of the General Assembl;^,for issuing



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