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contains the half of the Protestant popu-



lation of the whole district ; third, because
one-third of the pastor's time, including
the sacred days, ought to be consecrated

to It.

You have now, honoured brother, a faith-
ful representation of the circumstances of
my churches; and the motives which have
induced the step which I have taken. It
only remains to recommend it earnestly to
Him whose blessing alone can enrich ; and
to beseech bim to crowu this effort with
success, and permit a dwelling for the pas-
tor to be erected at Lem6 ; that this house
may be continnally a house of prater, a
house always supplied with men of God,
bold sentinels or Israel, faithful imitators
of the Great Shepherd of the flock, and in
which the flock of Chi ist may hear from
all the ministers who will succeMively oc-
cupy it, the words of grace and of truth.
This we may hope with greater confidence,
because there exists at Lem6, as well as in
my other churches, a spirit too openly de-
clared in favour of the gospel, of the sound
doctrine which oujht to be taught, and the
discipline and institutions of oor fathers,
to allow a pastor, who would depart from
these institutions, and who did not bring
the doctrine of Christ, to be established in
this house, much less retained in this pa-
rish. May the Lord then realize the hopes
we have formed in relation lo this build-
ing, and add new blessings to those he has
already granted, to the pastor and his flock,
and pour out upon all tnose to whom these
lines are addressed, the precious graces of
his Holy Spirit, by Jesus Christ, our Sa-
viour. Amen.

Accept, honoured brother, the expres-
sion of my sentiments of respect and bro-
therly love. Tour very humble and de-
voted brother in Christ,

CoLANY Nxx.
Lem6, J^ovembtr 11, 1825.



Tke Treasurer of the Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Ckurek ae-
knowledges the receipt of the following sum for their Theological Seminary at Prinee-
ton, JV. J. on the 31st of August last, viz.

Of the Rev. Dr. John Codman, of Dorchester, Massachusetts, per Messrs.
Hord Sl Sewall, being the ninth instalment of his liberal subscription for the
Contingent Fund - - - • - - $100 00

Aesi^ of Cash received by the Board of Missions of the General Assembly of the Pres*
^ byterian Church during the month of August , 18S9.

From Wm. Brown, Esq. his subscription for 1829 - - ^ - - $100 00

Donation from Mr. Q- Campbell - - - * *

Annual subscription in part of the Auxiliary in 3d Church, Newark -
Coflection at the Monthly Concert in 6th Presbyterian Church

Do. Do. Church at Belvidere, by tho Rot. Mr.

Candee .. - - - .

Collection in the 11 th Presbyterian Chnreb .....

From the Congregation in Newton, Bucks Co. by ReT. J. W. Scott •
Annual subscription of the Auxiliary of Golconda, (Illinois) by the Rev. B. F.

Spillman - . - ..-.

Collection in Sharon, (Illinois) by Rev. B. F. Spillman

Do. Shawneetown, do. do. .....



500
300

806


3 75

1150
450


1150
450
700



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430 , View of PMiek Affairs. Sept.

Brouffht over 9158 81

From George Ralston, Esq., his inbecription for 1829 - - - 100 00

Donation from Thomas Latimer, Esq. • - - - - - 20 00
From Female Missionary Society of Chiliisqaaqae Congregation^ by Elinor 8.

Ireland -• - - . . - - -11 46

From General Daniel Montgomery, of Danville, his subscription for 1829 - 100 00

Collection in 2d Presbyterian Cburcb, Southwark - - - - 6 00

#396 27



The sam said to have been received from Mr. Mallarj in the last month's reeetpCs
flhonld have been acknowledged as a donation from l>r, C5amahan, Princeton.

SoLOMOH Allkn, Treanarer,

No. 18, SmUk Third Streti.



mm of l&ttWicfc SBffair^^

EUROPE.

Havre papers of the 24th of July, Liverpool of the same date, and London of the 22il|
inclasive, are the latest that have reached this country.

Britaiic.— The British parliament was prorogued on the 24th of Jane to the 20th of
Auffust. The Lord Chancellor read a speech from the throne, in which hit Majeatj
makes his acknowledgments for " the zeal and assiduity" of his Parliament in the des-
patch of poblick bosiness, especially in reference to the Catholick Relief Bill— eavs he
continues to receive assurances from hia allies and all foreign powers, of ** their desire
to cultivate the relations of peace" — laments the continuance of the war in the East,
and pledges himself to " use hia utmost endeavours to prevent the extension of hoetili-
ties, and to promote the restoration of peace" — is glad that he '''has been enabled to
renew his diplomatick relations with the Ottoman Porte," and says that bis ambaasa-
dors, and those of France, ** are on their return to Constantinople," and are authorized
to act on behalf of Russia for <' the final pacification of Greece, in the name of the
tliree contracting parties to the Treaty or London" - states that the French army haa
been withdrawn from the Morea, "with the exception of a small force destined, for a
time, to assist in the establishment of order in a country which has so long been the
acene of confusion and anarchy" — rogreta the condition of " the Portuguese Monarchy,**
and gives assurance that he will " use every effort to reconcile conflicting intereets,
and to remove the evils which press so heavily upon a country, the prosperity of which
must ever be an object of his Majesty's solicitude." He then, as usual, thanks the Com-
mons for granting the necessary supplies : and he expresses to both Hooaea bia hope
that their measures will, " under tho bieasing of Divine Providence, tend to eatabiishttie
tranquillity and improve the condition of Ireland," and in general promote the happi-
ness of his people, and cement all the parts " of this great Empire."

From this speech it is evident that Britain does not wish the Russians to conquer the
Turks, and is determined nbi to engage in war in behalf of Portugal. Reports repre-
sent the Dnke of Wellington as less popular than he waa aome time since, and that he
poaaeases less of the confidence of the king. This, however, ma^ be nothing more than
party misrepresentation, or mere popular rumour. There are still great disturbaneea in
Ireland. The Protestants, it appears — the Orangemen especially — are indignant at
the late immunities granted to the Catholicks, and now return upon them the same dis-
graceful meaaurea of riot, and assassination, and murder, which the Catholicks have
heretofore pursued. There waa no doubt that 0*Connell would be elected to Parliament.
There was great disaatiafaction among the Engliab weavers, and tbe^ had even jMlied
to Lord Wellington to afford them facilities to emigrate ; but their reouest iV not
granted. The qutdttuncs were expecting and talking of changes in the administratioo,
but no changes had |aken place at the date of the last advices. We reserve an aecouot
of the late Russian successes to another article ; but we may here remark, that Britain,
France, and Austria, are manifestly disappointed and displeased at these succease^
and will probably combine their influence to stop the career of victory on the part of
Ruaaia. For our own part, we hesitate not to say, that we should rejoice to see the
sanguinary Turk driven out of Europe, and trust to the settling of the balance of power,
in euch manner as should afterwarda be found practicable. It waa expected that tha
Biahop of London would be advanced to the vacant Archbiahoprick of Canterbury.

FsAircE..— The publick papers during the month, have furnished na with no important
intelligence from France. The Chambers are far from being harmonioni in their view*
and meaaurea, and the coort ia not aatisfied with the prooeedingi of either ; bat i



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1 829. new of Publick affairs. 4 S f

ippears to threaten the quiet of the nation. There is much discnMion in the puhlick
|iapera on the subject of the war between Russia and Turkey, and now and then an in-
timation of sometiiing more to be done agtinst Algiers.^

Spaih. — It appears that the Iting of Spain has in some way, we know not how, had a
frlling out with the ecclesiasticks of his aioffdom. We observe a late paragraph which
intimates that it would not be surprising, if Ferdinand shdold treat his Menu as the
Turkish Sultan did his Janissaries. The Spanish armament which sailed from Caba
to invade Mexico, has been separated by a storm at sea — a part has arrived on the Mex-
lean coast, and a landing has oeen effected near Tampico; another part has bfen driven
into the Blississippi, and the troops have landed about 16 miles beiow New Orleans, at
the Enfflish Bend. Wo have seen a proclamation of their general, in the true Spanish
grandUoquent style. They expect shortly to sail to join their comrades. We wait with
some interest to see the progress and the effects of this expedition.

Portugal. — The young queen of Portugal has ffone, attended by a large number of
d^stingoished Portagaese emigrants, to the island of Terceira, where ahe expects to
ettablish her court and proclaim her title to the crown. It is believed that she will be
ab*e to defend this island, which has always remained loyal to her, against the forces of
the usurper Miguel. It is also expected that her grandfather, the emperor of Austria,
will espouse her cause, and that the ^reat powers of Europe generally, will recognise
her claims and reject those of her perjured uncle. We hope it may be so, but interest
and policy, or what is believed to be such, will govern those powers in regard to Portu-
gal, as they did and do in regard to Greece.

Austria — It appears is at war with the Emperor of Morocco— has made a descent on
the coast of his barbarian Majesty, and cut out from one of his ports an Austrian vessel
captured by his cruisers, and has declared a blockade of bis ports, so far as provisions
and military stores are concerned. It is but recently that Austria has possessed a naval
force that deserved the name, or much maritime commerce. But it appears she is ma-
king her advantage of her port of Trieste, and the small part of her territory that is
wauied by the Adriatick gulf. Having now commerce in the Mediterranean, she finds
that, like all other nations that trade in that sea, she must either bribe or fight the Bar-
bery powers, who are all pirates and freebooters by profession, and by long and tolerated
usage.

Grxece. — It would seem as if the misfortunes of this interesting and desolated coun-
try were not yet terminated. We have been pained to learn within the last month, that
the powers united for the pacification of Greece are disposed to ffive her a very limited
territory, to make her tributary to her old oppressor the Turkish Sultan, and to place
over her a king not of her own choice. Such is the friendship and generosity of poten-
tates, to a people that cannot help themselves, or resist the will of their benefactors \
Benefactors indeed ! But it appears that Capo d'Istria has resisted, so far as to refuse
to order his troops to relinqnisn- their recent advantages over the remnant of the Turk-
ish forces, and to retire within the limits prescribed by the British and French plenipo-
tentiaries. What will be the issue, time alone can unfold ; but we do hope that some
event in Providence will yet favour this abused and insulted people, and insure to them
< the blessings of liberty, peace, knowledge, and^undefiled religion.

Russia and Turkey. — The war between these mighty belligerents has materially
changed its aspect since the month of June last. At the beginning of that month, the
Turk, aitliough powerfully assailed, was so strong in his chain of fortresses from the
Danube to Constantinople, that he seemed prepared to wear out another campaign,
without yielding much to bis adversary. But his line of posts is now completely broken
up, and we see not why the Russian army, if so disposed, may not pursue a march to
Adrianople, with little concern for what may be left m its rear. The Grand Vizier, afler
his return from Paravadi to Shumla, as stated in our last number, appears to have re-
ceived a large accession to his army. Thus reinforced, he marched toward Siliatria,
with forty thousand of his best troops, in hopes of raising the siege of that important
fortress. Count Diebitsch, the commander in chief of the Russian forces, was able, by
consummate military skill and address, to get, entirely unperceived and unsuspected,
into the rear of this formidable corps, and to occupy every pass and defile by which it
might retreat to Shumla. Having effected this, Diebitsch, on the 11 th of June, brought
the Vizier to a general engagement. A most sanguinary battle of four hours' continu-
ance ensued, and exhausted the strength of both armies, without a decisive result. It
was, however, soon after renewed by the Russian general, by changing the front of his
army, and bringing fresh troops into action. In the event, the Vizier was completely
defeated, and his troops dispersed. He himself with difficulty escaped by a circuitous
route to Shumla, accompanied by shout 600 cavalry. A more decisive victory was
scarcely ever achieved. Another action, of less importance, soon followed, between the
advance of the panuing Russian army, and a detachment from Shumla, in whieh the



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435 View oj Pvblick Affairs. Sept.

Tttrki were i|reiii defeated, with eoneiderable loss. By tb^e events, so djeutrons to
the Ottoman, the garrison of Siliatria lost all hope of relief, and on the 30th of Jane oa-
pitalated — ^yielding to the ▼ictorions Russian ^reneral I0,0(K) prisonera, ezelasiya of the
inhabitants of the town, 256 cannon, 2 three-tailed Pachas, 100 stand of colours, the flo-
tilla on the Danube, with military storos and ainniunilion to a very large amocint. The
Turks have still two or three fortresses ou the Danube, but there is every probability
that they will be speedily eiUier abandoned or captured; and thustlie Russians will not
only have a free passage through the whole country, but be able to reinforce their main
army with most of the numerous corps that have hitherto been employed in sieges.
Count Dtebitsch has sent a flag into Shumla, whether to summon it to surrender, or
to propose terms of peace, or to spy out its strength and defpnces, is matter of conjec-
ture, but not known. He has received the thanks of his royal master, with a new order
of merit, and a present of six cannon. If he lacked popularity before, it will now re-
turn upon him in full tide. Wo have not been able to ascertaia with any thing like ac-
curacy the number of killed and wounded, in the sanguinary conflicts of which we have
given this summary account — it is large, and such as is fit to make the friend of hnma-
nity shudder. We think that the Sultan, in the present campaign, most have lost the
service of at least 50,000 of his very best troops. He is acquainted with his losses, and
is said to show an nnflinching firmness in view of them all. We have no doubt that
Austria, Britain and France, are now urging the Emperor of Russia to make peace.
But to this he will be little disposed in the midst of nis victories, snd if disposed, he
could not do it without dishonour, and the displeasure of his own subjects, onless the
Turk should make such concessions as he will never make but in the last ezCremity.
Known to God alone is the issue of this great concern.

ASIA AND AFRICA.

l*hose large and populous sections of our globe afibrd ns nothing to chronicle in oar
present namoer. .
*^ AMERICA.

Buavos AvRESd— It appears that the Indians, who are vary numeroosin this repnblick
and on its borders, taking advantage of the civil war which has been raging for some
time past, have desolated the country to within a short distance of the capital. The last
accounts represent the regular invading army as^ having retired to a considerable dis-
tance from the city, and that hopes were entertained that negotiation would sncceed,
and peace be restored.

In the condition of the other republicks of the south, we have noticed no change of
importance during the past month. The empire of Brazil also remains in statu quo.

United States. — It appeara that the city of New Orleans is suibring onder oor
country's scourge, the yellow fever. A recent rumour, which we hope will prove- un-
founded, represents Charleston, S. C. ss also threatened with pestilence. All our
northern cities have, ive believe, as yet, entirely esoapeil. Tornadoes, bail storms, and
partial inundations, have occasioned serious losses in some small sections of our land ;
bat, taken at large^ we have been highly favoured in the season of the year -, and we
doubt if Uie frnits of the earth were ever more abundant in our country than they are
at present. Surely we are the people of all the earth who are roost deeply indebted to
" the Giver of every good and perfect gift," and the most loudly called on to manifest
our gratitnde by our obedience to his commands, and the observance of his laws— bj
" doing justly, loving mercy, and walking humbly with our God."

We are happy to observe a spirit waking up m our country in favour of the claims
of the poor Indians. We do hope it will become general. 'Their cause is very ably
pleadeo by a writer whose signature is Willism Penn, and whose essays are now in a
course of publication. He has already proved beyond contradiction or reasonable con-
troversy, as we think, not only that the Indians have a natural indisputable right
to the 'lands which they now claim, but that they have had these lands assurea to
them by treaties, as solemn snd sacred as any we can form — treaties in which they have
uniformly been considered as possessing a national character and national rights. We
trust that these views and sentiments will yet become so prevalent, before the next
meeting of Congress, as to influence our national legislature and government to inter-
pose, and to prevent a threatened treatment of the Indians, which if ft take place, will
subject us to the merited reprosch of the whole civilised world, as well as expose u^to
thp just judgments' of that God who is the avenger of Uie oppressed and the helpless.



(Q*An obituary notice of Mrs. Margaret Thomson^ which came
too btc for our present number, shall appear in our nqxt.



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THE



^otsasvaiiR iia)T®<oiiV]B;



OCTOBER, 1829.



Seli0tou^ tfummunkadonl.



UBOTVHKS ON TBB SHORTER OATE-
OHISM OF THE WESTMINSTER AS-
SEMBLY OF DIVINES ^AODJiESSED

TO YOUTH.

LBCTUHE XLIU

( Continued from page 387.)
5* ** God maketh himself known"
in his ordinances, his word, and his
works both of creation and provi-
dence; and the " profaning or abus-
ing" of these, is a real violation
of the third commandment, and
should be considered as being for-
^ bidden by it, as truly and strictly, as
any one of the profane acts already
specified. I know not of a more
shocking violation of this precept,
than one which has sometimes taken
place even in a Christian commu-
nitjr — the making of a ludicrous ex-
hibition of the Sacrament of the
Lord's Supper, Nor is the use of
this ordinance merely for secular
purposes, or in any careless, light,
irreverent^ or even formal manner,
other than an instance of awful pro-
faneness. Laughing, whispering,
and all behaviour indicative of dis-
respect or disregard to the publick
or social worship of God, by those
who are attending on its perform-
ance, is, in like manner, dreadfully
profane — Yea, the indulgence of
wandering thoughts in prayer or
praise, whether social or secret,
must be considered as partaking of
the sin forbidden in this command-
ment. Neither must I omit to men-
Vol. VIL— a. Mv.



tion, that every false professor of
religion, especially if he knows him-
seltto be such, leads a life of habi-
tual profaneness; and that he who
dishonours his profession by acts
palpably inconsistent with it, is, in
every one of these acts, charseable
with the sin we are now considering.

Our Larger Catechism justly
states that the Word of God is pro-
faned and abused, "By misinter-
preting, misapplying, or perverting
any part of it, to profane jests, cu-
rious and unprofitable questions,
vain jangling, or the maintaining of
false doctrines; abusing it-— or any
thing contained under the name of
God, to charms, or any way oppos-
ing God's truth, grace, and ways,"
I cannot forbear to remark to you,
vaj dear youth, that there is muck
of"^this profaning of the word of God
in some poetical and other writings;
and in the conversation of some
men from whom we might expect
better things, by makins allusions
to facts or texts of sacredScripture,
to illustrate ordinary and sometimes
very trivial subjects. The political
speakers and writers of our coun-
try, seem to me to be peculiarly
chargeable with this sin; and they
not unfrequently manifest their ig-
norance, as well as their guilt, by
affecting to be acquainted with the
purport of a text or a fact, of which
they discover that they know nothing
but some popular mistake or misap-
plication. Those who are fond of seiz-

31

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434



l£etiira aii the (Shorter CaUddtm.



Oct.



ing every occMionthfttoffera to show
their wit» as they suppose^ by some
ludicrous application of a passage
of Holy Writ, would do well to re*
member a remark of. Dr. Johnson,
in bis life of Pope, of whom be says
^^' That he was not scrupulously
pious in some parts of his life is
Known, by many idle and indecent
applications of sentences taken from
the Scriptures; a mode of merri-
ment which a good man dreads for
its profaneness, and a witty man dis-
dains for its easiness and vulgarity."

The works of God may be, and
often are, so abused, by employins
them to pamper lust and sensual
appetite, and to minister to unlaw-
ful pleasures, as to involve the sin
of profaneness. The glutton and the
drunkard, and those who in anyway
abuse their own bodies by their vices;
those who make sport by torment-
ing irrational animals, or who treat
them cruelly in making use of their
labour; and those especially who sell,
and purchase, and enslave their fel-
low men, dishonour and insult their
Creator, by their ill treatment of his
creatures. Those also who murmur
and repine against any of the dispen-
sations of Gml's providence, whether
personal or in relation to communi-
ties, and however afflictive or in-
scrutable they may be, do implicitly
and profanely find fault with their
Maker. Hdw often, in so common
a thing as ihe state of the wearier,
do you hear some persons speak of
it, in a manner plainly indicative of
a murmuring discontent P This is
profane. It is finding fault with the
order of God's prov^ence, which is.
always just and right. Under any
disappointment or affliction indeed,
we are bot forbidden, but rather re-
quired, to recognise and be sensible
of a suffering state; but we are, in
all cases, to do it with humble sub-
mission to the appointment of Him
who does all things well ; and never,
in language, thought or feeling, to
arraign any of his dispensations or
allotments.

Let us now consider ** the reason



annexed to the third command-
ment," which is, *< That however the
breakers of this commandment may
escape punishment from men, yet
the Lord our God will not snffer
them to escape his righteous judg-
ment"

The statement which you have
heard in the former part of this lec-
ture, shows clearly that very many
of the violations of this command-
ment cannot be punished by men,
because men cannot know the



They are known only by the guiltv
party, and by the aJUseeing Goa.
Other violations there are, which,
although known to men, eannoteia-
sily, nor perhaps properly, te sub-
jected to human penalties. And
many there certainly are, ' wiucb
misht be puni^ed, and for the pu-
nishment of whicll human laws have
been enacted, which nevertheless,
through the delinauency of magis-
trates, and the influence of corrupt
pubiick sentiment, go altogether un-
punished. There is no vice, I think,
that is so generally tolerated,and so
little punished, as that ofprofiuie-
ness— partly, as I have just remark-
ed, from its very nature; and partly^
because so many are either grcMMly
guilty of it themselves, or too litti«
sensible of its euilt in others, and
of the offence which it oBbra to that
^reat and sood Beine aninst whom
it is directly pointed. In foretigbt
of these facts and ciroumstances,
the great and all-wise Legislator
has sanctioned this section of his
moral code, by declaring that he



Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 68 of 93)