Ashbel Green.

The Christian advocate online

. (page 80 of 93)
Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 80 of 93)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


ing his mission to the Ottoman
Porte, and cost £3SftOO. The El-
gin marbles, the Roman and Gre-
cian sculptures, and the Egyptian
antiquities, all occupy distinct suites
of apartments. In the Grecian and
Roman galleries, I saw Fauns and
Nymphs, and Satyrs and Centaurs.



Digitized by



Google



18d9.



Mites of a Traveller.



497



and a whole host of divinities,
which were once objects of reli-
gious worship to the most enlight-
ened and refined nations of antiqui*
ty. I felt, as I looked upon them,
a peculiar sympathy with St. Paul,
who, when he was at Athens,
^^ found his spirit stirred in him^
when he saw the city wholly given
to idolatry." The ancient tablets
of inscriptions, the candelabra, the
earthen oUae, the votive altars, and
the sepulchral urns and vases, are
highly interesting. In the Egyp-
tian galleries there are mummies,
and stone coffins or sarcophagi,
from Cairo, Memphis, Camac, and
Thebes. The mummies here are
said to be in the finest preservation
of any in Europe. Embalmed bo-
dies of cats, birds, and beetles, are
also in the collectioA, all curiously
preserved with the most supersti-
tious care— alas for the dignity of
human nature! The hieroglyphic
cal writing, the rude paintings from
the catacombs, and the rolls of the
papyrus, were new to me. There
is an immense quantity of Egyp-
tian ruins accumulated here — the
heads of idols and sphinxes, frag-
ments ofbas rditft and portions of
colunms, capitals and metses, line
the walls, are crowded on pedes-
tals, or heaped in piles on the
floors. There Were a number of
artists, both male and female, co-
pying ancient models, without any
special regard to the nudity of the
figures, or the crowds of visiters in
the apartments. As I shall visit
the Museum often, I shall say no
more of it at present. Mr. Gray, the
skilful zoologist of this institution,
treated me with very great kind-
ness — ^a kindness Which I had no
reason to expect, for the letter
which I left in his room with his
assistant, was ^merely a note from
one of our scientific^ societies, in-
forming him that he had been
elected an honorary member of
their body; my name Vas only on
the back as the bearer. He after-
vrards took some trouble to find me

Vol. Ylh— Ch.Mv.



out in the rooms of the Museum,
and we there commenced a friend-
ly acquaintance, which I hope will
never terminate. ' I have been par-
ticular in this statement, because it
illustrates a fine trait in the Eng-
lish character, which does not seem
to be well understood in America.
Stiff formality, or eold reserve, was
what I expected to meet with; but
since my arrival in the kingdom, I
have experienced uniform kindness
and attention, from every one with
whom I have had the slightest ac-
quaintance. Indeed, I have often
been pressed to share in the rights
of hospitality, by persons on whom
I had not the smalfest claims for
attention, and who were almost
utter strangers. Gentlemen here
stem to make it their business, as
well aa their pleasure, to be useful
to all strangers. Travelling mere-
ly in pursuit of knowledge, has
thrown me, for the most part, into
the circle of literary and scientifick
men, and this may perhaps have
brought into view the best part of
the English character; for I have
certainly seen«ome English people
in my own country, who seemed to
consider wealth or titles as the only
passport to their civility, and who
substituted idle parade, > shallow
forms, and stupid ceremonies, for
substantial acts of unaffected, genu-
ine kindness. I went with Mr.
Gray to his private rooms in the
Cff/pte J tis the Edinburgh Reviewers
call them, and which seem to con-
tain more articles of curiosity, than
those which are commonly shown.
After much conversation on Natu-
ral History, at half past 4 o'clock
he introduced me into the rooms
of the Geological Society. In the
evening I attended one of their
meetings, and heard an interesting
paper from Professor Buckland,
and some extemporaneous remarks
upon it by Messrs. Stokes, Web-
ster, and Professor Sedgewick.
This last gentleman is a rapid,
warm, and interesting speuer,
though full of peculiarity. Pro-

Digitized.by VjOOQIC



498



J>Mes oja TrwoeUer.



Not.



fet«or Buckland U the author of
the work entitled Reliquiae Dilu-
yianac, in which he has giV^n an
account of the remarkable cave at
Kirkdale, in Yorkshire, supposed
once to have been the den of ante-
diluvian anTmals^ the last tenanu
of which were drowned in tlie uni-
versal cataclysm. Fossil skeletons,
and the bony fragments of ancient
animals, exist there im sudi profii-
sicm, that a piece of loam can hardly
he lifted from the bottom or sides,
which is not replete with them.*
-i*-The communication to-night
from Dr. B. was on fossil bones;
and it appeared to b» the general
opinion ol the speakers, who were
not unfavourable to the Bibl^ re-
cord on this svbject, that the earth
is not now inhabited, generally, h^
the same species of animals which
existed before the flood. The opi«
nion was, that the same almighty
power which raised the new earth
out of the ruins of the old, created
new animals to suit its altered con-
stitution; and that the races pre*
served in the ark died out, in the
course of a few genewtions. These
ideas were not fully expressed, but
what was said seemed to lead to
them. There is certainly a dif&cul-

^ 1 will iMre slate acariooafaot rsspeei-
iqg toine bonM found near Princeton. N. i.,
mod. which I received from undoubted au-
thority. About the. year 1748, aome la-
bourers, in working a quarry in that neigh-
bourhood, for the atone with which the col-
lage in the town ia built, diaeoTored a amall
cavern filled with an iaimcBse number of
the entire skeletona of Crotali, or rat-
lieacakea. There etc be little doubt, I
think, that this cavern had once « small
waning, which was afterwarda closed by
tne accidental fall or a stone, or by some
other means. The rattlesnakes, probably,
hybemated there for many soccessive
yeara, many dying through age, and
others from the circumetanpe just men-
tioned. The discovery of these organiok
remains may serve as an additional caution
to geologists, not to form theories from
isolated MCte. If the bones of animals, now
inhabitiiig the eartli, are discovered with
reliqoas peculiar to what we now suppose
to be antediluvian, a careful examination
of all the circumstances may sometimes
iHvstrate the anomaly.



ty in supposing, that aD animals ac^
tually eusting at the present day,are
the offspring of primeval parents:
for myself^ I think we have intima-
tions, if not positive testimony in
the scriptures, that there was a new
creative fiat, with regard to the in-
ferior animals, after the deluge.
Let the sceptick deny the Mosaick
account of the flood, in which the^
voice of inany waters executed the
sentence of just condemnation on a
world full of corruption and vio-
lence, and then explain, on his prin-
.ciples, the desolation, ruin, and
death, of organised beings, which
fill the caverns and strata of the
earth. A late writer on Geology
has justly and powerfully remarked
on this topick — ^^Such a dismal ruin
of orgamck beings, and such a de-
rangement of the fair frame of na-
ture, seem t6 be irreconcilable dif-
ficulties in iVbftiroI thdsm. For, is
not the wisdom of Qod impeached,
IB constructing a world on founda-
tions so infirm; his prescience, in
peopling so precarioos an abode
with countless myriads of exquiute
mechanisinsi and his goodness, in
plunging, indiseriminately, every
tribe and family of his sentient off-
spring in mortal agony and desth?
A creation repJete with beauty and
enjoyment suddenly transfiMrmed,
by its Creator's mandate or permis-
sion, into a waste of waters, is a
moral phenomenon, which trtily no
system of ethics can explain. But
here, if reason wiU deign to forera
its pride, imd implore the aid oia
superior light, the Hebrew prophet
will lift up the dark veil from the

Srimeval scene. In revealing the
isobedience of Adam, the atro-
cious guilt of Cain, and the pesti-
lence of sin • universally spread
among their progeny, he shows,
alas! too clearly, haw justice out-
raged and merey spumed, inevita-
bly called forth the final lustration
of the deluge. This conclusion no
' philosopher can ^reasonably gain-
say, who considers man as a re*
sponsible agent, and this eartii,



Digitized by



Google



18£9.



•¥r. KOirtdge'g Mdrm.



499



with all its apparattts of organick
life, as mainly subservient to his
^^al and Intellectual education/'
^Fl^he meeting of the Geological
Society was, altogether, highly in-
teresting. Their manner of per-
forming their routine of business,
of balloting for members, and of an-
nouncing their election, was new.
After their meetings they have, as
do almost all the other societies
here, a kind of supper or entertain-
ment. They are now about to remove
their fine cabinets, maps, and other
furniture, to apartments in Som-
erset House, which were on this
evening, for the first time, illumi-
nated with gas, for their inspection; >
and I was amused with a humor-
ous debate, whether we should ad-
journ first to the new rooms and
then to supper, or first to supper
and then to Somerset House.
How the question was decided I
leave you to gutss,

Saturday, June 7. — ^1 visited a
number of publick buildings to-day.
Guild Hall, the Bank of Jlngland,
the East India HoUse, the Mansion
House of the Lord Mayor, and the
Royal Exchange—are all fine struc-
tures, but all defiled with coal
smoke. There is nothing in the
interior of the bank that is striking.
The hum produced by the hun-
dreds of voices in the Exchange is
very peculiar, and sometimes so
loud, that bell-men are employed
to bring them to a pause, by
drowning all voices by their clat-
ter; after which they start anew.
Guild Hall is an extensiv^^ and
irregular gothick edifice. It con-
tains a large room, 158 feet long,
48 broad, and 55 feet high, used
for the city feasu, and for the elec-
tion of members of Parliament I
visited it principally to see Gog
and Magog, of whom I had heard
some strange stories in my youth.
They are gigantick and hideous
figures, sud to represent a Saxon
and an ancient Briton. The room
is ornamented with painted win-
dows, and some fine monuments,
erected at the expense of the city.



in honour of its favourite gHsat
men. It is surprising how soon
one becomes familiarized with such
things. Old buildings, painted
windows, and monuments to the
good and g^reat, make now but a
very feeble impression on my mind|
to use a chemical figure, my curi-
osity is so saturated with such ex-
hibitions, that it requires some-
thing altogether new and strange
to be ttdsen tip by it.

(T« be continued.)



ADDRESS* deliveredt Janwtry 28tA»
1829, at the Second ^tmiversary
of the American Society for the
Promotion of Temperance, bg Jo-
nathan H^ttredffc, Esq^ on the
following Reeomtion: —

'* Resolved. That it is the doty
of every professor of religion to ex-
ert all his inflaence to abolish the
custom of using ardent spirits, ex-
cept for medicinal purposes."

Mr. President: — In every en-
terprise, undertaken for the benefit
of mankind, the Chiistian publick
have a part, and a verj imporfaftt
part, to perform; but note espe-
cially when that enterprise aims at
the moral improvementof the world.
In questions of government, or mat-
ters of mere temporal concern, pel*-
haps the Christian may find an
apology for his neutralitjr, as beine
engaged in objects of higher and
more sublime benevolence. But
when vice is to be put down, and
virtue promoted, he is called upon
by a voice which he cannot disre-
gard, by the voice of religion and
of God, to take an active and a
zealous part^— There is no excuse
in this war. When vice prevails,
the Christian is an enlisted soldier,
and should ever be found in armour*
His sword should be always drawn
and ready for the conflict— Here
silence is crime; and inactivity is
treaaon.-— The only inquiry he has
to make is, is the enemy in the held?
and that inquiry answered in the

. digitized by VjOOQ IC



500



Mr. MBUredg^s Jiddress.



Nov.



aifirmatiTe, he haft nothinjf; to do bat
to act. He has no qnestion of daty
to settle, for tiiat is already settled;
and whenever a plan is devised for
good»the Christian should be relied
upon as an active and efficient co-
operator. To do good is, and shonld
be, his employment— the business
of his life; Hi? Master's example
is before him, and he is called upon
to imitate it; and just so far as he
does this, 'he is entitled to the cha-
racter which he assumes,' and the
name by which he is known; just
so far as he fails to do this, he for-
feits the Christian character and
disgraces the Christian name.

]^ intemperance a vice, and does
it prevail; and are the Christian
publick indifferent spectators of the
desolations of this fell destroyer?
Can they view with apathy its ra-
vages and be guiltless P Are they
not called upon by the principles of
that benevolent and heavenly reli-
eion which they profess, to act as a
body on this atl-important subject?
Sir, intemperance aims a deadly
blow at every thing they hold dear.
It eradicates from the human heart
every feeling and every principle
whibh religion inspires, and it poi-
sons the very soil in which it grows.
Where this vice is found, humanity
weeps, virtue disappears, and re-
ligion dies away.

But how can it be arrested ? I
answer, in no way, but by starva*
tion. It is a monster which you
cannot kill, as long as you feed it.
All the weapons on earth fall harm-
less at its feet, as long as you give
it food. As well may you arrest the
lightning in its course, as stop that
mighty stream of intemperance
which at this moment flows over
this land, as long as you supply the
springs from whence it issues.
There is nothing but a drought, an
universal and everlasting drought
of spirituous liquors, that can dry it
up. You may rest assured that it
will prevail, till there is throughout
the country a famine of ardent s'pi-
rits. All other ways have been tried



in vain. This and fliis alone pro-
mises success. If any man can
devise any other plan for its extfl|^
mination, I am willing to hear hi4P
but no man ever did, and I believe
BO man ever can. And, Sir, I be-
lieve every one who supplies the
fountain is a partaker of tbe guilt;
and that every distiller, and vender,
and purchaser of ardent spirits, is
accessary to the crime of arunken-
neSB. — It is an unhallowed traffick,
and like the traffick in human blood,
should receive the unqualified re-
probation of the Christian commu-
nity. It is their duty, and a duty
which they cannot safely neglect,
to enter with efficiency into the
principles of this Society, and there-
by lend their aid to remove the
cause of that tremendous evil which
they all pretend to deplore.

But I am sorry to say they do not.
A large proportion of the Christian
community, are at this moment en-
gaged in the spread of intempe-
rance. They are either supplying
the poison that nourishes it, or by
their example encouraging its use.
The plan for the promotion of tem-
perance, in which you. Sir, are en-
gaged, has not received from them
that cordial and efficient co-opera-
tion, to which it is entitled. Many
of them act as if they had no duty
to perform. Many are found to be
the bold and fearless advocates of
ardent spirits, and they manifest a
zeal on this subiect which they do
on no other. Religion itself has
never called forth half the exertions,
which they have made to keep up
the use of spirituous liquors, and
thereby to insure the spread of in-
temperance. In years gone by, this
has been done i^norantly. Till
within a short period, an Egyptian
darkness has prevailed upon this
subiect, and all have been guilty
without knowinff it For the time
past, all need a decree of amnesty,
and the past opinions and practices
of the Christian world should be re-
pented of and forgotten. But, Sir,
this excuse no longer exists. A

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



1829.



Mr. KiUredg^s Address.



501



light has beaned upon the world,
and the sun of temperance is now
shinine with full effulgence. In its
rajs Uie horrors of intemperance
are clearly and distinctl j seen, and
a remedy for them is revealed. Aw-
fullr dark must be the moral vision
of that man, whose ejes cannot see
this light; and awfully perverse that
heart that does not rejoice in it.
There is no longer any doubt of the
part which the Christian should act.
He is imperiously called upon by
the principles of his religion, to dis-
solve all connexion with the intox-
icating cup. Every glass he drinks
is a warrant for his neighbour to do
the like; and intemperance is sure
to follow the use of ardent spirits.
There is nothing on earth that can
prevent it» and as long as human
nature remains the same, this will
continue to be the case. No man
can therefore encourage that use;
no man can supply the poison, with-
out being responsible for the conse-
quences. The trader knows that
every barrel he purchases will
spread sorrow and {^rief wherever
it is carried. There is a moral cer-
taint;^» that every gallon that is car-
ried into the country, will help to
keep alive that baneful disease,
which ra^s with a fury that knows
no restraint, and with a force that
cannot be resisted. Every man,
therefore, who carries it into the
country is directly concerned in pro-
ducing that mass of pauperism, dis-
ease and crime, which result from
intemperance. He supplies the fuel
that keeps alive the flame, and he
is the incendiary who spreads that
liquid fire which involves the peace
and happiness of the domestick
circle, tne promise of youth, and
the hopes of old age, in one general
ruin.

Sir, the vending of ardent spirits
cannot be carried on without guilt.
Every grog-shop exhibits scenes
that religion cannot witness without
horror. Here every evil passion is
fed ! here every base propensity is
nourished ! Here it kept the rood



of drunkenness, and hither resort
all those miserable victims of the
disease who would rather die of it
than be cured ! Here is found the
poison that vitiates the taste of the
temperate, and prepares them to
supply the places of those who die
of this plague ! Here the temperate
drink, and here the temperate learn
to be drunkards 1 Sir, all the drunk-
ards in the country are brought up
at these stores. They are the
schools of intemperance; and as long
as they continue the traffick in ar-
dent spirits, they will continue to
be the poison of the land. As long
as they furnish the supply of ardent
spirits called for, they, will continue
to send forth through the towns in
which they are found, a pestilence,
laying waste every nobleand manly
feelinff of the human heart, and
everylovely trait in the human cha-
racter. Is not this so ? Where were
the drunkards of our villages form-
ed, but at those places where ardent
spirits are sold r Where is the ori-
gin of all that poverty, disease and
crime, which are traced to intem-

Eerance, but at those Aceldamas of
uman blood ? Where can the wife
and the mother find the cause of
that fountain of tears which they
are constrained to shed, but at these
fountains of ardent spirits? And
can the Christian carry on this
trafBck? can he supply the lava
which scorches the land, and be in-
nocent? Does he find nothing in
that benign religion which he pro-
fesses, to forbid it r Can he be the
agent of intemperance, the commis-
sary of the drunkard, and feel no
remorse ? Sir, I know the vender
tells you he is not answerable for
the consequences — that he frowns
on intemperance, and withholds the
cup from the drunkard. But this
is not so. Does not the vender
know the effects of ardent spirits ?
Does he not know the consequences
which they will assuredly produce?
Does he not know that of tnose who
drink, many will be drunken ? And
can he supply the cause, and detach

Digitized by LjOOQ IC



503



The Sacred Cock and Hen.



Not.



himself from the effect? CaD he
hurl fire-brands throughout your
cit?, and witness the conflagration,
and claim exemption from the
blame ? Can he spread the conta-
gion amone your families; and when
he hears the dying groan> and sees
the funeral car, tell you that he is
innocent? Yet the vender of ardent
spirits does all this. He spreads
the intoxicating cause; he sees the
drunken effect; he hears the drunk-
en curse; he witnesses the drunken
roYel; he is surrounded with it; he
is producing it; and yet tells you
that he is innocent ! Wonderful fa-
tui^! But, Sir, he knows the re-
sponsibility is so great that he
snrinks from acknowledging it. He
sees the guilt and the woe, and
shudders at the thought of being its
cause. And well he may; but he
cannot escape. As long as he fur-
nishes the means of drunkenness to
others, he is a partaker of the crime,
and an accessary before the fact.
And, Sir, he should be so held in
publick opinion. He shonld be held
directly responsible for the conse-
quences of nis acts, and the same
odium which attaches to the prin-
cipal should attach to all accessa-
ries. But, Sir, he tells you he frowns
on intemperance. So, perhaps, he
does. After producing it, he frowns
on the wretch that he has made
drunken, and abhors his own off-
spring. But every retailer should
remember that the drunkards with
whom he is surrounded are his own
children and apprentices, and that
they afford a living^ exhibition of
the character of his own deeds.
When he looks upon them, ragged,
filthy, and debased ; when he hears
the noon-day curse and the midnight
broil, he should say here is my work,
this is what I have done. It is my
trade to make such men. I have
spent my life in it. And if he is a
Christian and duly appreciates his
guilt, he will raise his bands to hea-
ven, and before God declare that he
will make no more such.
(7b fte tantimud.)



THE SACRED OOOK AHD BBN.



We are far from believing that
ridicule is the test of truth. But
when any thing which is affirmed
to be truth, cannot be so stated eveo
by those who wish it to be credited,
as not to appear both grossly absurd
aiid hi^hl^ ridiculous, we have no
hesitation in pronouncing that thing
to be a falsehood. Now, of this very
character are many of the pretended
miracles of the Romish church. Let
any one who doubts of this, read the
Sixth Letter of Blanco White, not
long since republished in this coun-
try» Hehadbeenadignrtarjinthe
Roman Catholick Church in Spain,
and was therefore familiarljr ac-
quainted with the whole of its ritual.
He affirms in the face of the world,
that the Breviary, or Book which
contains the daily religious service
of the Church of Rome, ^ must be
reckoned the true standard to which
that church wishes to reduce the
minds and hearts of her clergy,
from the highest dignitary to tne
most obscure priest:" and in this
tH>ok he shows beyond denial, that
many pretended miracles are re-
corded, in all respects as absurd,
puerile and ridiculous, as that which
the poet Sonthey has, within the
present year, versified and publish-
ed from the Jida Sanctorum^ and
which will be seen below. We.give
it to our readers not merely for
their amusement— although we do
not feel bound to exclude everr
thing that is facetious from oar work
—but to show what kind of system
it is, which the Pope is, at this very
time, most zealously endeavouring
to introduce and propagate in the
United States. It does not appear,
that Southey has done more than
place die facts which the legend
pretends to record, in that Tight
which is best calculated to show
them to be what they really are— >
ludicrous and contemptible— The
main facts are all stated in the
legend itself. We extract the ar-

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



18£9. The Sacred Cock and Hen. 503

tide from the EclectickReTiew, for It is a story, not of acock and a

Sept 1829, and shall eiye a part of bull, but of a cock and a hen, which

theremarks with which the Review- were miraculously restored to life,

er has introduced <* this second whiteness, and feathers, after thej

tale" of Dr. Southey, the present had been killed and cooked — for the.

Poet-Laureate of Great Britain. He purpose of establishing the indo-

is accustomed to write all kinds of cence of an unfortunate joung man

verse, and we advise that the fol- who had been uniastlj gibbeted,



Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 80 of 93)