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election by the body in November, de-
clined any competition with his friend Sir
Humphry Davy. Sir Hnmphry retained
hu seat as President Ull the year 1827,
when, in consequence of procrsstinated ill
hedth, in great measure brought on by in-
jnries occasioned tn his ooBsUtntion by

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ozperimentii he wtl iorfiioed, %
hf nedical adFiee, to retire to the conti-
nent. He aoeordingly resigned hia seat tm
President of the R^ fteeiet^, the obair
being filled, pro mmf. by DeTie»OiJbert,
Eeq., who at the AnoiTefMqr Meeting,
Nov. 90, 18S7, was ojuoiunoaily elected

During hie retirement on the Continent,
Sir Homphry oonUfeoed. to commtuiicate ^
the results or his labouri to the- Royal So-
ciety, and nt (be anniy«^sary meeting of '
the year 1827, one of thsi royal medale was
awarded to him Ibr a series of brilUani dis-
coveries developing the relation between
eleetrieity and cbeiliistry.

Sir Humphry Davy was in everyrespect
an aceomplufaed sdiolar, and was well aoi-
qnainted with foreign languages. He al- ,
ways retained a strong taste for literary
pleasures ; and his philosophical works are
written in a perspicuous and popular style,
by which means he has contributed more
to the diffusion of scientifick knowledge
than tnjr other writer of his time. His
three prmcipal works are,- " Chenlleal and
PhikMophieal Reeearches/* << Elements of
Chemical Philoeopby,'* and *' Elements of
Agricultural Chemistry," and the two last
are ezcellenSy adapted for elementary
study. His numerous pamphlets and con-
tributions to the Transactions of the Royal
Society have the same rare merit of con-
veying experimental knowledge in the
most attractive form, and thus reducing
abstract theory (a the practice and pur-
noses of life and society. The results of
his investigations and experiments were
not therefore pent up in the laboratory or
lecture-room where they were made, but
bv this valuable mode of communication,
thev have realized, what ought to be the
by best aim of science^— the improvement
or the condition and comforts of every
class of hii fellow creatures. Thus, beau-
tiful theories were illustrated by inven-
tions of immediate utility, as in the safety^
lamp for mitigating the dangers to which
miners are ezposeid in their labours, and
the application of a newly-discovered prin-
ciple in preserving the life of the adventu-
ro«s mariner. Yet splendid as were Sir
Humphrjr's talents, and important as have
been their application, he received the
honours and nomage of the scientiiick
world with that becoming modesty which
universally chnrac tenses great genius.

Apart from the scientinck value of Sir
Humphry'! labours and researches, they

I!elt0tou^ Slntelltgence.

are pervaded by a tone and temper, and an
enthttsiastick love of nature, which are as
admirably espressed as their inflnence is
excellent. We trace no mixture of science
and scepticism, and in win shaU we look
for the spawn of infidel doctrine. The
same excellent feeling breathes throngh-
out " Salmonia, or Days of Fly-fishing," a
volnme published last year, and one of the
most delightfiil labours of leisure ever
seen. Not a few oC the most beautiful
phenomena of Nature are here lecidly ex-
plained, yet the pa^ have none of the
varnish of pfailosdphioal unbelief, or finite
reeeoq^ig. The work is arranged in a ae-
ries of conversations, and we are told in
the preface, that ** these ptm formed the
occupation of the author during several
menths of severe and dangerona illness,
when he was wholly incapable of attend-
ing to more useful studies, or of following
more serious pttcsuila. They formed hu
amuaement in many hours, which other-
wise would have been unoceopied and te-
dious." ** The eonveisetional and discur-
sive style was chosen as best suited to the
state of the health of the author, who wan
incapable of considerdUe efforts and lon^
continued exertion." The volume is dedi-
cated to Dr. Bobington, "in remembrance
of some delightful days passed in his so-
cietv, and in gratitude for an unhitermpt-
ed friendship of a quarter of a century:"
and the likeness of one of the charactere
in the conversations to that estimable phy-
sician above-named, has been considered
well drawn, and easily recognisable by
those who enjoy hie aeqoaintanoe.
r This great philoaopher eloeed his mortal
career at Geneva. He had arrived in thai
city only the day before, having perforaed
his journey from Rome by ea^ rt^gesy
without feeling any particular inoonve-
nieitee, and without any circumstaneee
which denoted so near an approach to the
last debt of nature. Sir Humphnr bad
been for some months a resident at Rome»
where he had had a serious and alarming
atUok of a paralytiek nature, but from
which he was apparently, though slowly,
recovering ; but Lis meet eangmne firienda
hardly ventured to hope that his valuable
life would be much longer preserved.
Lydy Davy had -jouied him in Rome, on
hearing of his alarming state, as had aho
his brother, Dr. John Dtvy^ physiciaa to
the forces in Malta.

• Sir Humphry having died without insue,
his Baronetcy has become extinct
[Oeni, Mag.


The Bible is the source to which
all the pious snd benevolent insti-

tutions and enterprises of the day.
may and ought to be traced — ^Thej
are all streams which flow from this

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inexhaustible fountain of divine be^
nignitj. Bible Societies and Bible
operations, therefore, may justly
claim to make the first and para-
mount demand on Christian atten-
tion, zeal and liberality. The Bri-
tish and Foreign Bible Society is
the prolifick parent of almost every
other; and it still maintains a pa-
rental superiority and efficiency in
doing good, and justly merits a pa-
rent's gratitude and love. We are
glad to be able to find, ready pre-
pared to our hand, a summary view
of the last annual report received,
of this noble Institution — We are
indebted for it to the report of the
American Bible Society. It is as

Vieio of Foreign Bible Societies.

It is a pleasing reBeotion that, while the
American Bible Society is endeavouring^,
to the extent of its means, to spread the
Bible through the world, kindred Asso-
ciations in other parts of Christendom,
are co-operating in the same great object.
England, France, Netherlands, Germany,
Denmark, Prussia, Sweden, and Russia,
have all their Bible Societies, and, with
f«w exceptions^ all are increasingly pros-

The last report of the British and Fo*
reispn Bible Society is one of more than
onunary interest. The income of the past
year amounted to ££78,943, nearly equal
to that of the preceding year. The issues
of books were 336,270, being an increase
of more than 43,000 copies over those of
the former year.

The distributions in Ireland were
greater than in any previous year. The
translation of the Bible into the Irish
tongue, is now completed.

Dr. Pinkerton and the Rev. R. W. Sib-
thorp had paid an interesting visit to the
Continental Societies, the result of which
was to remove misapprehensions and fears
on account of the exclusion of the Apo-
crypha, and (o prepare the why, to some
extent at least, for the circulation of the
unmixed Scriptures.

The last Report of the Paris Bible So-
ciety is of a cheering character. Two
new Auxiliary and 45 Branch Societies
had been* added during the year, and
books had been issued in the same time,
to the number of 14,623. The^demand
for the Word of God is evidently increas-
ing in almost every part of that nation.
, The distributions made under the su-
perintendence of Professor KeiiFer, the

past year, amounted to 56,000 copies, an
increase of 10,000 over the distributions
of the preceding year. The Turkish
^ible, which this gentleman had been
preparing with much labour, is now com-
pleted. The Breton Kew Testament is
also finished, and ready fbr distribution.

The Syriack and Carsbun New Testa-
ments had abo been issued from the
press. The publications of th^ work Was
inspected by Baron De Sacy, who i« emi-
nently qualified for such a task.

In Netherlands the circulation of the
Scriptures continues from the Depot of
the British and Foreign Bible Society. One
individual, the Rev. Mr. ^ee, has been
instrumental, since 1815, of distrijbuting
50,000 copies of the New Testament,
chiefly among Catholicks in, and on the
border of France.

The Prussian Bible Society, though still
opposed to the circulation of the Bible
without the Apocrypha, manifested the
most cordial feeling towards the Briti«|i
and Foreign Bible Society, and received
from it, with great thankfulness, the New
Testament. "We rejoice^" says the
Prussian Society, **that a connexion is
thus preserved, by which we remain uni-
ted with the great chain of Bible Socie-
ties, spread over the whole earth." •

In Poland the distribution of the Scrip-
tures continues^ An individual at War-
saw, circulated, the last year, 2,177 copies,
many of them among the Jewa. This same
individual has solicited 400 Hebrew Bi-
bles of the British and Foreign Bible So-
ciety, for the purpose of further distribu-
tions among the Israelites. |iany'of that
people are represented as now willing to
receive the word of God, unaccompanied
by the commentaries of their Rabbies.

In Denmark 4,334 copies of the Scrip-
tures were distributed in the year 1827,
through the Holstein Society. This So-
ciety has contributed 80 tix dollars to-
wards printing the book of Proverbs,
and some of the miner prophets, in the
Greenland language, where the Christian
Greenlanders are desirous to obtain them.
The Danish Bible Society at Copen-
hagen has issued, since its comroenc<t-
ment, 142,310 copies of the Word of God.
The Swedish Bible Society, from whose
worthy President your Board have fre-
quently received friendly communications,
distributed, in 1827, Bibles and Testa*
ments to the number of 21,165, and the
revenue of the Society surpassed that of
any preceding year.

In Russia a Protestant Bible Society
has been formed, of which Prince Licven
is President, and which is sanctioned by
the Emperor. By the last accounts 20,000
copies had been prepared, and were re»dy
for distribution.

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In lb«Und 8,652 copies of tbe Sacred
Scripuiret have been put in circulation.
Not a family, it is said, is there destitute
of the Word of Life.

In-S|^n, Portugal, and Italy, says the
British and Foreiiirn Bible Society, oppor-
tunities increase for introducing the Bible.
A supply has also been sent to Coraiot.

At Constantinople the Kev. Mr. Leevea
was enabled, in tbe course of 1827, to
dispgae of 5000 copies of the Holy Scrip«>
turea, and in moat instances by sake. Thia
gentleman states, that 50,000 copies had
been distributed from that place since
18^. It is matter of regret that the recent
commotioQs in that quarter of the world,
have .obliged Mr. Leevea to quit hia im-
portant post.

Mr. Barker is still permitted to remain
at Smyrna, and to continue his labours in
the Bible cause. Since September, 1824^
no leas than 12,000 copies have been put
in circulation from that point; 4^661 vo-
lumea were distributed in 1827. Oppor-
tunities frequently occur for despatching
small casea of Bibles to Cesarea, Angoim,
and other places in the interior of Asia
Minor. The Greeks and Armenians are
both represented as desirous to obtain
tlie WordofGod.

In Syria tlie distribution of the Bible
was effected to some extent, especially in
schools, by the American Missionaries^
until they were driven from their post at
Beyroot by the war. They wrote to tbe
Britiah and Foreign Bible Society for a
quantity of Arabic Psalters, which were
^rwerded to Malta for their use. Whe-
ther tbeae books were received and dis-
tributed by the Missionaries is not known
to your Board. It is hoped that they were

Eut jn circidation, as {$800 were contri-
uted, two years since, b^ a gentleman
in Massachusetts, to aid in giving the
Scriptures to the descendants of Ishmael.
This money was forwarded by your Board
to the Britiah and Foreign Bible Society,
and tbe Missionaries referred to, autho-
rized to draw on the I>eporitory of that
Institution for Arabick Scriptures.

The account of distribution in India ia
of a character increasingly interestinjf.
The Calcutta Bible Society distributed, m
1837, Bibles and Testaments to the num-
ber of 3,458. The ReuoK of that Society
says, ** that every fiimiiy in the Armenian
community of Calcutta, ia possessed of a
copy of the Holy Scriptures." •* The Re-
port of that Auxiliary,** says the British
and Foreign Bible Society, ** ahows, in a
delightful manner, how the Bible Society
is the rincere friend and willing handmaid
of all religious and benevolent Institu-

Trom Serampore, aa appears from the
communicationa of Dr. Marshmao, the

prospects of circulating (he Bible in Inda
are truly encouraging; "whole editions
have been exhausted in Bengalee, tbe
Sangfscrit, the Hindu, the Mahratta, and
the Orissa versions, and the desire fer the
Scriptures is evidently increasing^'*

At Madraa the dcnsuidfor the Word of
God also continues with unabated anxiety^
particularly in the Tamul tongue.

At Bombay there has been a distribu-
tion of 8,257 copies, lliose in the Mah-
ratta and Ctoojonttee languages were
mostly circulated by the American Mis-
sionaries resident in that country. At
Ceyloo, Midacca, Singapore, and New
South Wales, a door is continually open-
ing for the circulation of the Bible, and
in several different languages.

At Tahaa, in the South Seas, 4^000
copies of the Epistles, from Galatians to
Philemon, h^ve been reprinted, and the
remaining part of the New Testament
will soon be ready^for the press. The
greater part of the Old Teataroent is also
in a state of forwardness, so that the entire
Bible may soon be expected in the Tahi-
tian language.

In various parts of Africa, and in tbe
island of Madagascar, the Word of God is
beginning to find its way. The four Gon*
pels in the Ethiopick and Amhaittck lan-
guages, have been printed by the British
and Foreign Bible Society, and forwarded
through Missionariea to Abyssinia. From
tbe traditional knowledge which the
Abyssinians have of the Bible, and from
the great eagerness with which individu-
als of the nation have received the above
Gospels, there is ground to hope that
soon an effectual door will there be open
for tbe Sacred Orades.**

After this pleading snnrey of what
is doing in so large a part of tbe
world, to diffuse abroad the volume
of inspired troth, it i§ our high pri-
vilege to see our own happj land
taking, in some respects, me lead
of all others, in giving a free course
to the word of life — ^Letus all praj
that it may " run and be glorified."
No nation, except our own, has, as
yet, a plan in operation and a pledse.
given, to place a Bible in every u-
mily within its territory. This is
our honour, and it is one of which
we may welt tie— not proud but—
humbly thankful to the God of the
Bible, that he has been graciously
pleased to put it into our hearts to
engage in this holy enterprise, and
to furnish us with abttodant meaosb

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if zeal and activity be not wantins,
to carry it into complete effect. It
is known, we presume, to all our
readers, that the American Bible
Society is under a solemn pledge,
to pat into ev^ry family in tne
United States, that will receive it,
a copy of the Sacred Scriptures^
within two years from May last:
And it is with very lively pleasure
that we observe the read^ contribu-
tions which are made in various
places to the necessary funds,
which must of course be large, to
enable the society to redeem the
pledge which it has given to the pub-
lick. New Jersey lias the honour
of setting the first example of an
entire State engagbe to supply its
whole population with the Sacred
Scriptures; and that example, we
hope, will extend its influence to
the whole of Christendom, and
eventually to the world at large.
Pennsylvania soon followed the ex-
ample of her neighbour and sister
State, and has already nearly ac-
complished her heavenly work.
More than six and thirty thousand
dollars have already been expended,
in the purchase and distribution of
Bibles among her own inhabitants.
In some counties her pledge has al-
ready been redeemed, and in all
without exception— and the number
is no less than 51— its redemption,
within the allotted period, is as cer-
tain as any future event of a moral
kind can be certain — It is indeed
very nearly accomplished. As the
State is large, and a considerable
part of the population poor and scat-
tered, the benevolent individuals
who have contributed, or can be ex-
pected to contribute, to the diffusion
or the Holy Scriptures, have been
pretty heavily taxed already — Per-
naps they have furnished a full pro-
portion of all the funds necessary
to supply the whole population of
the United States witn the word of
life — and they have yet to cancel a
debt of between two and three
thousand dollars. But after this debt
is discharged, and their own under-

taking completed, we hope and trust
they will not be backward in giving
all the aid in their power, to the
ereat and noble enterprise of the
r^ational Institution. Patriotism^
as well as piety, is concerned in the
success of this enterprise ; for we
firmly believe, that no one thing,
. nor all other things united, will form
so sure a guard to the lasting free-
dom and happiness of our country,
as to enable every citizen to read
the Bible, and to give to each a
Bible to read.


The Missionary Chronicle of the
London Missionary Society con-
tains much information of a very in-
teresting character. Our space per-
mits us to make but a few selec-
tions, and we have taken the fol-
lowing, both because they give an
animating view of some foreign mis-
sions, in rejpird to which less is
known in this country than of some
others; and also because the articles
are in themselves important, as
coming from three great fields of
missionary enterprise, viz: — The
Society Islands of the South Sea,
Western Asia, and South Africa.


Extract* of a Letttrfrom Mr. Barff, dated
Huahine^ March 13M, 1838; addreaoed
to the late Secretary.

ProgretB of the Muivet of the Island of

The good work of God continues to
flourish within our own more immediate
sphere of labour in Huahine. The con-
gre^tions continue to be large and at-
tentive, and the schools are wellattended.
The has particularly suf-
fered from my frequent absence in visit-
ing other stations. The people are all
busy; some are making pUintations; some
are building boats. Some of the boats are
lan»e, being about 80 tons burden; they
are intended chiefly for missionary voy-
ages. If a suitable captain can be obtain*
ed, we may be enabled to answer the ex-
pectations of the Directors, in visiting
<Bflrerent islands. One vessel belonging
to Elautia will be launched in a few weeks,

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and it may probably convey Meaara.
Phtebardand Simpson, with a number of
native teachers, to the Marquesas. One
native and his wife from Huahine, and
another with his wife from Maiaoiti, are
to aacompany our friends on their mission.
Several houses erecting for the reception
of visiters, are almost finished. Three, 60
feet long each, are thatched; one is plas-
tered ; and two others, more than 96 feet
long each, are ready for thatching. After
finishing these houses, the natives will
repair and rebuild their old houses for

TranakUion of the Sctipturet, &c.
I continue to employ every spare mo-
ment in canying forwanl the works I have
in hand. I have written the book of
Isaiah three times over; I have the greater
part of the book of Jeremiah nearly ready
for the inspection of the brethren. The
former received their corrections some
time ago,. I have looked careittlly over
the books of Samuel and Judges, trans-
lated by our brethren Williams and Piatt,
and they are nearly ready for the press. I
believe brother PUtt is transUtmg the
1st book of Chronicles. In the correction
of some parts of the New Testament, we
exerted our feeble powers. I am glad to
say that the intelligent natives pronounce -
the translation correct Tahitian. I sup-
pose the book of Isaiah would have been
printed before this time, bad not Mrs.
Bourne's indispositiqn compelled brother
Bourne to remove to the colony of New
South Wales. I heartily hope, with the
Directors, they will be able to return. If
however, Mrs. B.'s indisposition should
render this impraotieable,* we must en-
deavour, when brother Williams returns,
to make some arrangements among our-
selves for commencing the printing of
some of the books of the Old Testament,
which are ready. I am happy to say that
Mrs. Barff, with our dear children, con-
tinue to enjoy ' tolerably j^ood health.
Mrs. B. unites with me in kind regards to
all the Directors.

Extract of a Letter from Mr, Plait, dated
Aug. 8/A, 1828.

Ifotiee of Tahiti,

I have been supplying the churches at
Eimeo for a month, and have visited most
of the stations on Tahiti. Those who have
embraced the truth at all the stations,
conunue apparent^ steady; and though
there are a few difficulties and perplezi-
tics in the Mission, yet the prospects are
pleasing. Large and attentive congrega-
tions attend at almost all the places of

* We are sorry to state that this is the
case. — Ed,

worship. I think there is mach ground
for hope. There are, or rather, there have
been, a few little things ^scouraging —
and little things we must call them, when
we consider tbe great rage which the ad-
versary of souls must feel at such a breach
in his kingdom, as has been made here,
and which, by all his wiles, he has not
been able to prevent Faith and patience
in the workmen will overcome. I trust
the goQd work is advancing ; and I hope
that all who are disposed to find fault, will
find that even now, nothing in the state
of this Misaon is contradictoty to former
reports respecting it, of which some ene-
mies are making use, to charge us with
deception ; but on that score I trtist we
shall not be afraid to meet them before
the Great God and our Lord Jjcsus ChrisL
With much respect I remain.

Tour's afTectionately,
(Signed) Gsoaea Platt.


Extract of a Letter from the Rev, Dr. Mor^
ri9on, datedCaniorit 2Sth February^ 1839 ;
addreooedto the Treaeurer,

Considerable ap;itation at the Court of
Peking still continues. There seems a
shaking of the empire* although the rebel
Changbibur has been subdued. The last
Gazette contained an imperial order to
the Officers of the Empire to worship and
sacrifice to the heavens, the earth, his an-
cestors, and the Gods; also to sacrifice to
the five Mountairut and Four Great
Rivers of China; to sacrifice at the tombs
of all kings and emperors that can be found
throughout the empve, and to Confucius.
This IS to be done as an ezpresnon of
gratitude for the destruction of Prince
Changbibur. Let us pray for happier
days, when China shall worship Jehovah
alone, for he is God alone, and beside
there is none else.


Letter from Mettre, Bamihon and Moffat^
dated J^Terv Lattakoo^ 6th March, 1839,
addreoeed to the JHrectoro,

Esteemed Fathers and Brethren in the
It is with peculiar feelings that we now
take the pen to address you ; for thrcwgh
the tender mercies of our God, we Cel
called upon to write in a strain rather
difi^rent to that which has hitherto been
the burden of our communications.
Spiritual Revival among (fte Muivee,
From these preliminary remarks^ we
trust that you will not be induced to ex-
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pect more than whst we are now about to
coininunicate. From former letters, yoa
would learn that for nearly the last twelve
montha^ the attendance of the natives on
divine service was not only pretty regular,
but continued imperceptibly to increases
and our hearts were often gladdened to
see that ri vetted attention to the speaker,
which to us seemed a prelude of some-
thing real. Our congregations also began

Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 83 of 93)