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a real and efficacious offering of the body
of Christ, for the benefit of those to whom
the priest chooses to apply it ; this ser-
vice is performed daily, in most of the
churches. Mass being ended, the nuns
descended from the gallery, and entered at
the further end of the room, separated from
the body of the church by an open grat-
ing, so that they could be distinctly seen.
The priests also retired to tlie side of the
church most remote from the grate, and
directly in front of it, and commenced the
Latin service adapted to the occaaioo;
which consists of short sentences, chaont-
ed alternately by the priests and the nnns»
and eacli as they sang their respective
parts, slowly and solemnly approached
the grate. 'I'he victim was in front of the
nuns, led between two of the oldest, and
clothed in, the vestments of the tomb.
The death-like paleness of her counte-
nance and her white miiffler, as she ad-
vanced, formed a strong contrast to the
dark complexions and large black man-
tles of her conductors. I'he sisterhood
followed in pairs, each carrying a large
wax candle lighted, in her hand. About
a quarter of an hour was thiu occupied
in crossing the room, during which ume,
the ceremony far more resembled the
conducting of a oriminal to execution than
any religious service. Indeed the ghast^
paleness and sepulchral dress of the can-
didate, the slow and measured step of
the procession, could hardly fail to im-
press the mind with the strong resera-
ohince of the whole scene to a publick
execution. As they approached the grat-
ing a small door opened, which opens
only on these occasions { the subject knelt
on the threshold with a eandle in her
band, and the provisor, who is the sub-
stitute for the bishop, read aloud the
vows, to which she gave her assent, the
whole sisterhood responding amen to
every answer. The prioress then placed
on her head a bree black veil, as the
aign of her final anu perpetual seclusion
from the world, and separation from all
duties and interesU without the walls of
her cloister. The priest then pronounced
a short benediction, and the door closed
which separated her for ever from her
family and friends, several of whom stood
weeping without. She was then led to
the other end of the roooiy when the ma-
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tion who had conducted ber^ placed on
her head a crown of artificial flowen;
which, thoug^h tastefullf arranged, was
of such an extravsgant size as to give a
som^eWhat fantastical appearance to the
wearer, especially when contrasted with
the broad black mantle beneath it. Thus
decorated, she approached the gating, to^
converse with her friends, and others who
wished to ask her any questions. She
declared herself perfectly happy, and
strove to appear cheerful. Yet there was
a visible melancholy in her pale counte-
nance, which, notwithstanding all her ef-
forts to conceal it, showed plainly that
her heart did not respond to the cheerful-
ness she wished to exhibit. She seemed
under thirty years of age ; but what has
induced her to immure herself in this
tomb of the living, 1 had no means of as-
certaining. But on9 similar case has oc-
curred for a long lime ; and though I do
not think (his is one of the forms of super-
stition likely to be generally embraced, I
must confess that I have witnessed no-
thing which impressed me so strongly,
with a sense of the power of that corrupt
system which teaches for doctrines the
commandments of men; and under the
name of g^liness, destroys the means of
QBefulness, and tears away its victims from
the most sacred duties and relations of
life."



WEST INDIES.

The friends of missions, many of
whom are also ardent friends of
the African race, are not perhaps
as well informed as they ought to
be, of the progress of missions
among the coloured population of
the West India islands, and the
neighbouring district of the conti-
nent called Guiana. The devoted
and self-denying Moravians, are
the principal missionaries here;
and in several places thej are won-
derfully successful. But the Lon-
don Missionary Society has also an
establishment at Berbice, and we
take the following article from their
Missionary Chronicle, attached to
the Evangelical Magazine for Oc-
tober last — We must postpone till
the coming month our domestick
missionary communications, with
the general remark that our home



missions are doing well—- we think
very well.



ExtracU of a Letter from Mr, Wray^
dated Berbice^ 13th of June, 1829.

In Berbice, we are, I trust, making
some progress in tht dissemination of
Divine truth, though the seed springs
up, but slowly. The soil, indeed, is vei^
barren and unpromising; but the Spirit
of God can render the means used for its
cultivation successful, so that the desert
shall rejoice and blossom as the rose ;
yea, it shall blossom abundantly and re-
joice, even with joy and singing. Since
I last wrote to, you, I have baptized fifteen
adults from country plantations, who have
publickly professed their faith in Christ
and their obedience to him; also a num-
ber of boys and girls, who are making
progress in learning the catechiam. Last
Sabbath our little chapel was veiy much
crowded. Several were baptized; and
three new members were admitted to the
Lord's table for the first dme. Six had
been received, but three were prevented
from attending by illness.

Death of a Pioue Female.

I<ast month one. of our first and most
pious members, about eighty, years of
age, was called to her heavenly rest She
united with us in church fellowship nine-
teen or twenty years ag^, in DemerarHy
and acted as a consistent Christian. Pro-
vidence directed her steps to Berbice;
soon after which, 1 came to the colony to
preach the gospel of our blessed Saviour.
She again united with us in commemo-
rating the love of Jesus at his table. She
has been an ornament to her Christian
profession ; adorning the doctrine of God
her Saviour, by leading a holy life; regu-
larly attended at all the means of grace ;
and devoting her heart and her life to her
Redeemer, whom she sincerely loved.
On Thursday mornings, at a select meet-
ing for religious conversation and prayer,
she often spake with tears, in a most af-
fecting manner, of the love of God to her
soul; and of the great happiness she ex-
perienced in the ways of religion, and the
support afforded her by her heavenly
Father, under the trials and afflictions of
life which, for many years, she had been
called to pass through. Sometimes on
these occasions, she engaged in prayer,
and would be very fervent with. God on
the behalf of her children, her minister,
and the members of the church, and for
the spread of the go^>el. She was not



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able to say much during the last two or
three days of her affliction, but appeared
very happy. One who attended her,
said she aid not know how to leave her
bedside, she seemed to enjoy ao much
happiness. She appeared to be constant-
ly enn^ in prayer; and requested
Christian friends to sins^ hymns at her
bedside, and to pray for her. In some of
her last words to me, she said, ** she felt
herself a poor unworthy sinner; but her
whole trust was in her Redeemer.*' By
the younger branches of the family to
whom she formerly belonged, she was
looked on rather as a mother and a friend
than a servant. She was higfhly esteemed
by all the members of the church, and
was on all occasions a peace-maker. She
was a truly humble and pious disciple of
Jesus Christ, always ascribing her salva-
tion to the free grace of God. For many
years, her hoary head was found in the
ways of righteousness; and I doubt not she
18 now with her Redeemer above, sing-
ing his praises in the realms of light and
glory ! A day or two before her death, I
repeated to her the following verse :-^

<< There we shall see his face.

And never, never sin ;
There from the rivers of his grace

Drink endless pleasures in.''

Though unable to speak, she expressed
her satisfaction by the motion of her hand
and a sweet smile on her countenance.
She was conveyed to the silent tomb,
araid the tears of many, both bond and
free, who highly respected her.

Account of a Piotu Zeper, ^c»

In visiting lately some of our people in
affliction, I have also seen the happy ef-
fects of the gospel. Among them there
was a poor leper, belonging to the British
crown. I knew him when he was young
and healthy, and an able boat-builder. He
learned to read, and was baptized; but
be has been confined for some years by
this loathsome disease. The Lord, how-
ever, has been gracious to him, and has
enlightened his mind in the knowledge of



himself. He opened his Bible which he
had on his bed, and read to me Rom. vi.,
and seemed to experience the effects of
the truths contained in it. When he read,
** the wages of sin is death ; but the gift of
God is eternal life, through* our Lord
Jesus Christ,'^ he appeared to weep, and
wiped awsy the tears from his eyes. In
speaking to him on the state of his soul,
he said, ** Ye^ massa, God is my strength
and my salvation; he help me to lie down
and to rise up. My pain is great; but
that is nothing. I hope when I close my
eytB, I shall be happy in heaven ; I am
wicked, but 1 trust in Jesus Christ." I
asked him if he thought God had pardoq-
ed his sins, and if he should be happy at
death. He replied, ** Yes, massa : 1 1 nank
God that I can read my Bible." He asked
me for a hymn-book, that he might be
able to sing some of the hymns he for-
merly learned in the chapel. I said to
him, « At the last day, Jesus shall chan^
your vile body, and make it like unto his

florioua body." He replied, <* Yes, massa.
hope so." His whole conversation at
this, as well as at every other time when
I visited him, shows that his heart is
changed by Divine grace, and that he is
looking forward to a place of rest and hap-
piness : —

<< Salvation ! O the joyful sound !
'Tis pleasure to our ears ;

A sovereign balm for everv wound,
A cordial for our fears !*'

I feel thankful to God that our chapel
continues to be well attended, and tnat
many of the country slaves in particular
seem to be seeking Mie salvation of their
souls. They are very anxious to be in-
structed, but they need line upon line and
precept upon precept. This makes our
progress appear slow, particularly as it
respects their being admitted to baptism
and the Lord's Supper; but the husband-
man 'waitetfa for the precious fruit of the
earth, and hath long patience for it, until
he receive the early and latter rain; so
must we wait, till, it shall please God to
pour out his Spirit upon the hearts of sin-
ners.



The Treaturer of the TnuteeM of the General Ataembly of the Preebyterian Church ac'
hnowUdgee the receipt of^

I'he collection after the sermon before the Synod of Philadelphia in Oarlisle,
from the Rev. Dr. E. S. Ely, for the Board of Missions, being • gS4 77



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JUc9uni •/ Ctuh received bff the Beard e/Mueione ef the tieneral Jeeemhig ef the Pree^
bfterian Churchy during^ the menth o/^e>vember, 1839.

BeOefinte. Collection in Presbyterian Church .... Jp[5 00

Chambenhtrg, Do. do. do. Bev. D. Denny - 15 00

Leximtenf Ky. Pint annual payment of Auxiliary Society of Ftrtt Presby-
terian Church - - . . - 15 56
MffkrUetLondLoet Creek. CoUeciion in Presbyterian Ghurchy per Be?. J.

Hutchinson - - • 21 50

Frinceten, N. J. From Session of the Presbyterian Church, per Rev* G. S.

Woodhull . 30 OO

PUlade^hia, Donation from Mr. W. F. Geddes • g3 16

De, Do. do. do. . . 3 30

Jh, Do. do. do. . - . 3 30

. Be, Monthly Concert coU. in Second Presb. Ch. . . 30 01

Bo, Do. do. Sixth do. . - 5 98

Be. Do. do. Seventh dc. • . 18 02

Be, Do. do. Eighth do. . - 14 00

Be. Collection in l*hird Presbyterian Church in aid of the

Swiss Evangelical Mission to Liberia, in Africa, by

Rev. Dr. Ely 86 00

Be, Received from Re?. Ashbel Green, D. D. hissubscrip-

tionforl839 100 00

Be, Received from the Union Society, in aid of the Indian

Missions, by Mr. J. P. Engies, Treasurer - ^ 54 50

Be. Donation from Rev. Wm. L. M«Calla - . - 1 50

Be. Received from Wro. Fi Geddes, publisher of the PUla-

delphian, for one subscription, obtained by the Cor-
responding Secretary - - 1 00

320 sr

Taneytemh Md. Received from Auzilisry Soc. per Margaret Bimie, Sec. - 35 00
Upper Octorara. Subscriptions in Presbyterian Church under the pastoral

care of Rev. James Latta, by Rev. J. H. Kennedy - - . 16 00

WaekLngton City. Coll. in Fourth Presb. Ch. bv Rev. Mr. Danforth - . 10 00

Missionary Reporter. Received from sundry subscribers - - 29 00

S50r 63
SoLOXOV Allbv, Treaturer^

Jfe. IB, South Third Street.



mm of l^tttltcft %ffaxt$.



EUROPE.

No later advices fit>m Europe than to the 34th of October have reached us, at the
time we write.

BmiTAiir.-^The British Parliament has again been prorogued and is still in recess,
and the political state of the country remains much as it was when we last described
it. Our minister, Mr. M*Lane, had arrived in London, had been ill for a short time af-
terwardst but had lecovered, been presented at court, had a long conference with
the Earl of Aberdeen, and done business with Mr. Stratford Canning at the office of
Secretary of State for Foreign .\frair8. There had been a most destructive storm of
rain and wind, about the miodle of October, which had strewed the British shores with
the wrecks of vessels, occasioned many deaths, and caused inundations from the over-
flowing of rivers, that bad destroyed much property.

Fkakcs is still greatly agitated, by the discontents produoed by the appointment of
the present administration, but no events of importance have recently taken place.
The king will probably be oblif^ed to yield to the voice of the peof^ demanding the
dismission of his ministers now m office.



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Spaih Affords do news more important than that the monarch is about to take to
himself another wife, for whose splendid nuptiaU great preparations were in making ;
and that an ambassador from the usurper of the throne of Portugal, Don Miguel, has
been received and accredited at the Spanish court. Ferdinand and Miguel have a
gteat sympathy for each other— ^ar nobiUfrcOnan,

PoBTuoAi. seems to be yielding to the sway^ of the usurping and periured tynmt
now in pov^er. There has been lately what is called a run on the banK of Lisbon,
and fears are entertained that it will not be able tq stand the shock ; and that its
failure will increase the mercantile distress already very great, and annihilate the lit-
tle commerce that still exists. Seventeen Americans, taken in a vessel going toTerceira,
have been carried to Lisbon and cast into prison — one account says pvt in irons.
Will our government do nothing in such a case ? We are persuaded the British would
not endure such an insult.

Russia asd TvaKST.— Peace is at length concluded between these mighty bellige-
rents, and all apprehensions that the general quiet of Europe was to be disturbed lire
laid to rest. Peace now reigns throughout Europe, unless the civil broils of Portugal,
and the petty warfare of Spain with her former American colonies, form a slight ex-
ception. Indeed, the world at large has seldom been as tranquil as it is at present.
The issue of the Russian conflict wiih the Turk has disappointed the world. The
emperor Nicholas, we doubt not, has been agreeably disappointed, in the uninterrupt-
ed, brilliant, and complete success of his armies, both in Europe and Asia. Politi-
cians have been disappointed, at finding that Britain, France, Austria, and Prussia
used no interference, to stay the progress of the Russian victories; and the greatest
disappointment of all has been, tnat the Russian emperor, when he had every thing
in his power, should have shown an example of moderation towards a fallen, insolent
and inveterate Voe, such as history, we believe, has not heretofore recorded; and the
Sultan Mahmoud has been bitterly disappointed and humbled, in being obliged to
beg a peace, and disappointed again, in finding that his conqueror granted him terms
far more favourable than he did or had any right to expect. It now appears proba-
ble, however, that all the great powert, as they are commonly denominates, had an un-
derstanding with the Emperor of Russia, in which they agreed not to interfere in
his quarrel with the Ottomans, on a solemn stipulation on his part, that, whatever
might be his success, he would neither dethrone the Sultan, nor exact from him more
than had been claimed in the manifesto by which war was proclaimed against him :
and it is highly creditable to all the parties concerned, that they appear to have paid
a sacred regard to their engagements. The following statement, taken from London
papers, will give our readers as good a general view of the treaty of peace — we can-
not publish it in detail — as we are able to present :— " Considering the circumstances
under which the treaty of peace was dictated, the conqueror has more than made
good all his professions of moderation. Turkey in Europe is not circumscribed by a
single foot of its territory, or rather, it will not be, afler the payment of the indemni-
ties. And the territory ceded by the Turks in Asia, is very msignificant in extent,
consisting merely of Anapa, a very narrow and barren line of coast at the foot of the
Caucasus, and a portion of the Pachalik of Akhahzik. This territory contains no im-
portant towns, nor any fortresses of strong^. The most remarkable feature of the
treaty, is the specification of immunities which the Russian subjects are to enjoy in
Turkey.^ They are to be entirely free of Turkish jurisdiction ; to be governed only by
the Russian Ministers and Consuls ; and Russian merchant ships are to be entirely free
from search, even \ii Turkish ports. Their vessels are not to be visited, and their
merchandise mav be landed, warehoused, transferred, or shipped, without giving no-
tice to the local authorities, or saying, * by your leave.' In fact, they are to enjoy
riffhts which they do not possess m their own countiy. The passage of the Darda-
nelles, the Canal of Constantinople, and t^ie unconditional freedom of the Black Sea
to the ships of all nations at peace with the Porte, is an important stipulation, in ob-
tuning which, the Russian Emperor has most disinterestedly negotiated in behalf of
■ the whole commercial world. Merchant vessels are not to be checked or detained,
under any pretence whatever, and any violation of this solemn engagement is admit-
ted beforehand to be an act of hostility, and a just ground for war. With respect to
the indemnities, we have not yet full information. Two only are mentioned in the
Treaty— The commercial one of 1,500,000 ducats, stipulated and granted by the Con-
vention of Akerman, which is to be paid in the course of eighteen months ; and a
luger one for the eipenses of the present war, the amount of which is to be regulated
by mutual aecord. The amount of the latter indemnity is sUted, in the French and
German papen^at 10,000,000 ducats. But ttie Courier discredits the statement, as



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too exorbitant; and it ia elsewhere mentipned that a leas sum wiU ulttnuitelj be de-
manded — Turkey b^g unable to pay so nmch— and the arrangement bein^kftopea
to the interposition of the mediatinj^ powers. Another very important article is. the
accession of the Sultan to the Treaty of the 6th of July, 1827, and the London Proto*
cot of the 22d of March, 1829, respecting the independence and limits of Greece. Im-
mediately after the exchange of the ratifications of peace, the Porte is to appoint
Plenipotentiaries, who, in conjunction with those of Russia, England, and France, are
to settle the execution of those Treaties. This is most fortunate for Greece, as by
the Protocol of March, 1829, the larger boundary is exacted — the line from the Gutf
of Arta to Volo. The line running thus north of Thermopylae, includes pan of Thea-
saly and Epirus.

** Such is a brief outline of the principal features of the Treaty of Peace. Bat the
London Times declares that it has got ' what is of much more importance than the
Treaty itself,' viz. the substance of the supplementary and separate articles, or ra-
ther, the separate treaties referred to in that document, and explanatory of some of
its principal provisions. The Times proceeds to give the following —

**By one of them, the sums which the Porte is to pay to Russia, as indemnity for
the expenses of the war, and for the losses of the Russian merchants, are assessed, the
former at 10,000,000 of ducats, nearly ^§5,000,000 sterling: the latter at 1,500,000
ducats, about £750,000, — sums which it should appear to be entirely out of the power
of the Sultan to discharge.

** They are to be paid in instalments — ^the greater sum in ten equal annual instal-
ments of about half a million each, and the smaller in four instalments of unequal mag-
nitude, increasing as they go on, and at smaller intervals.

*< Upon the payment of the first of thit latter claw of instalments, Adrianople is to
be evacuated ; on the second being paid, the Russians retreat beyond the Balkan; on
the third, beyond the Danube ; and when the fourth and the whole of the sum often
millions of ducats has been discharged, they are to quit the Turkish territory alto-
gether.

** By these articles it should indeed appear that Russia has in fact secured to herself
the perpetual possession of the principalities, unless some extraordinary gift of Provi-
dence should enable the Sultan to raise the sum of five millions in ten years. We
will, however, here just observe, that in securing indemnity to his subiects for their
private losses — as the Emperor Nicholas was perhaps obliged to do by his duty, mak-
mg their payment the condition of a series of retreats — he has left the publick indem-
nity, both as to amount and times of payment, subject to the remonstrance and interpo-
sition of the Great Powers of Europe.

" By the other supplementary treaty, the regulations for the internal government
of the principalities are settled on such a footing — by piving Russia an equal voice
with Turkey in the nomination of Plospodars, and depriving the Sultan of^the arbi-
trary power of deposing them, together with other provisions in a similar spirit — ^that
there is no danger of Russian supremacy in Moldavia and Wallachia suffering any ma-
terial diminution, even if, by the immediate payment of the sum demanded from Tur-
key, the Russian troops were obliged to pass the Pruth immediately."

We perceive that several of the London parag^aphists intimate, that the Sultan will
not be able to pay the indemnities which are essential to secure the retreat of the Rus-
nan armies; but a letter, written by an Englishman now in Constantinople, gives a
different representation. He says the tax will be only on the avarice of the Sultan —
that wealth has been hoarded for a long series of years in the Seraglio, which will suf-
fice to pay the sums first demanded, and perhaps a large part of the rentainder. It
is clear, however, that the Turkish power is broken — The Sultan sees, and the world
sees, that Russia can do with this empire what she pleases. We greatly rejoice that
Greece is emancipated, and hope the powers that have interposed for her deliverance^
will not themselves again enslave her.

The two distinguished Russian commanders, Diebitsch aad Paskewitcb, have re-
ceived the highest, or nearly the highest honours, which their sovereign can confer.
The former, ag^,eab1y to a Russian as well as a Roman usage, has received a surname
from a distinguished military achievement. For having triumphantly crossed the fear-
ful Balkan mountains, the supposed impregnable rampart of Turkey, he is to be called
count Sabalkansky ; and Paskewitcb, for the capture of Erivan, will take the title of
Erivansky.

ASIA.

It appears that there are numerous piracies, of a very shocking character, committed
among the spice islands of this continent : and on the continent itself the anraial thun-
der storms of the Denkhan, during the current year, have been tmusually numeroaa»



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▼iolent, and continued, and deaths from lightning have been frequent. In Burinah,



Online LibraryAshbel GreenThe Christian advocate → online text (page 92 of 93)