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First reunion of the survivors of the Army of the Tennessee and its four corps online

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FIRST REUNION



OF THE



Armu 01 the Tennessee.



AND



ITS FOUR CORPS.



Washington, D. C, Sept. 21 to 23, 1892.



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FIRST REUNION



OF THE



SURVIVORS



OF THE



-Vrmy of the Tennessee,



AND ITS FOUR CORPS.



REPORT OK PROCEEDINGS,
l^OSTERS, ETC.



WASHINGTON, D. C,

SEPTEMBER 22, 1892.



, s

./\8f



Committee Rooms, i

Army of the Tennessee,
Washington, I). C, October, 1892. \

At a meeting of the Joint Committee of Arrange-
ments for the Reunion of the Army of the Tennessee and
of the committees for the several corps, it was

Ordered, That the record of proceedings at the re-
cent reunions of the Army of the Tennessee and of its
four corps, together with portraits and biographical
sketches of the speakers, be published, under the direc-
tion of' the Chairman, General Clark, and Captain
Swigart. Attest:

B. F. Chase,

Secretary.



IE I'RKSS OF WILSON, HUMI'HRKVS A CO
lOUKTH ST., LOGANSPORT, IND.



Preliminary Note.



UNDER tlie general maiiageiiieiit and supervision of
Captain John McElroy, editor of the National Tri-
bune, the Citizens' Committee of Washington made ar-
rangements enabling army corps to hold reunions in large
tents on the White Lot (Grand Army Place), south of the
Executive Mansion, in the District of Columbia, during
the Twenty-sixtli Annual Encampment of tlie Grand
Army of the Republic, 19th to •24th September, 1892.

Accordingly, a local committee of arrangements for
eacli corps was appointed.

Subsequently, the resident members of the four corps
embraced in the Army of the Tennessee, determined to
hold an Army Reunion in addition to the Corps Re-
unions, and they appointed a joint committee, three from
each corps, to make necessary arrangements:

From the 18th Corps, From the 16th C'orps,

GeMi. Geo. W. Clark, Mr. David F. McGowan,

Maj. Horace Coleman, Mr. Lucius I). Alden,

Mr. Fletcher White. Mr. Joseph E. Hart.

From the 15th Corps, From the 17tli Corps.
Gen. Chas. E. Hovey, Gen. Dennis T. Kirby,

Gen. Green B. Raum, Col. Wm. P. Davis,

Capt. Geo. W. Wilson. Mr. Benj. F. Chase.

The Committee organized by electing Gen. Chas. E.
Hovey, Chairman, Gen. Geo. W. Clark, Vice C'hair-
man, and Mr. Benj. F. Chase, Secretary. A circular
letter of invitation was sent out, and a lu'ogramme of
proceedings for the Reunion was i)repared, copies of
which are appended hereto:



FIKST REUNION OF



CIRCULAR LETTER.
KIRSX REUNION

OF THE



Survivors of the Army of the Tennessee,



TO BE HELD IN



WASHINGTON, D. C, SEPTEMBER 22, 1892.



f Gen. Chas. E. Hovey. Chairinan.

I Gen. Geo. W. Clakk. Vice Vluiinnan.

L(H-aI (Committee of Arrangements, ! ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^ r,,,,, ^^ d'.' f." McGowANr'''"'-"'
Composfd of three members j G>;n. Dennis T. Kirby. Cai»t. Gko. W. Wilson,

from each of tlie four Corps. Ma.i. Horace (Joleman, .Joseph E. Hart,

I Col. Wji. P. Davis, L. D. Alden,

[ Fletcher White.



Washington. I). C, Sept. li\ ls'»-2.
To the Survivors of the Armi/ of the Tennessee:

AiTangenients have been made for holding in this
city, on Thnr.sday, Sept. 22, 1892, a Reunion of the sur-
vivors of the

ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE.

Major-General Howard will preside, and brief addresses
are expected from members of eacli of the four Cor.ps —
18th, 15th, 16th and 17th. Of course, the singing of fa-
vorite war-songs will ])e included in the ])rogramme.

The Reunion will be held in the Grant Tent, on the
White Lot, south of the Executive Mansion, from three
to six o'clock P. M., and the priuted programme of exer-
cise^ can be had during encampment week on application
at the lieadcpiarters' tents of either of the four Corps.

Every comrade who at any time served in the Army
of the ''r(Miuessee is invited to participate.

By order of the Oominittee,

Bp:n.i. F. Chase,

Secretary.



ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE.



PHOGIJAMMK.

ORDEPx OF PPxOCEEDINGS

IN TlIK

GRANTf^TKNT, GRAND ARMY PLACE,

WASHINGTON. D. C.

Thursday, 22d September, 1892,

AT 3.30 P. M.



Orchestra.

Prayer.

Trumpeter's Call — Assembly.

Reveille.

Address of Weleome — Gen. Clias. K. Hovey.

Election of Officers.

Address by tlie President-elect — Gi-en. O. O. Howard,

OrcJiestra.

Address. 13tli Corps— Col. Asa C. Matthews.

Address. ir)th Corps — Gen. Green B. Rauni.

Army Son.q-.

Address, KJtli Corps — Gen. Eugene A. Carr.

Address, ITtli Corps— Gen. M. F. Force.

Aruiy Song-.

Address, Cavalry (brps — Gen. John W. Noble.

Army Song.

Addresses, under the five minute rule.

Retr(;at.

Army Song.

Tattoo.
Orchestra.



8 FIRST REUNION OF



street, of Greneral Joseph A. Mower's staff, in which he
dwelt on the services and characteristics of his chief,
aUnding also to the neglected condition of his grave at
Arlington, and moving for a committee to collect a fnnd
and erect a monnment over dear old Joe Mower's last
resting place.

The motion was agreed to, and Jeremiah M. Rusk,
AVager Swayne, Dennis T. Kirby, C. S. Sargent, Benj. F.
Chase, Wm. S. Kosecrans, Wm. P. Davis, C. B. Stoddard,
Charles E. Hovey, David Pollock, Oliver O. Howard, C. T.
Christensen, Wm. Hemstreet, Jacob C. DeGress and John
W. Spragne were appointed the committee.

At this point, Greneral Howard, being obliged to
leave, called Vice-President Rusk to the chair, and speak-
ing began under the five minute rule. General Cyrus
Bussey occaipied his five minutes, when it appeared that
the time allowed the Army of the Tennessee for holding
its reunion in the Grant Tent had expired, and that the
9tli Corps was entitled to possession. Accordingly, the
First Reunion of the Army of the Tennessee was
declared adjourned without day, but not until, on the
motion of Major Carroll, a resolution of thanks to the
Chairman of our Committee of Arrangements, General
Hovey, had been adopted by the meeting. Major Carroll
accompanied his motion with a short speech.

While the veterans were separating, or were about
to separate, Mrs. Addie L. Ballon addressed them in the
interest of army nurses, of whom a number were present.
Mrs. Mary A. Bickerdyke (Mother Bickerdyke), Aunt
Becky Young, Mrs. Emily E. Woodley, Mrs. Anna E.
Gridley, Miss Harriet Dame, Mrs. Harriet E. Guest and
Mrs. Florence Lithgow.

"On the whole," says the Post, "this was one of the
most remarkable gatherings ever held at any encamp-
ment, and one which can scarcely be equalled again."

In addition to the thousands of survivors of Donel-
son, Sliiloh, Yicksburg, Chattanooga, the march to the



ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 9

sea — thousands now enga^tnl in all the walks of life, far-
mers, artisans, cabinet ministers, governors of states,
judges of courts, law^yers, legislators, doctors, clergymen,
authors, journalists, presidents of learned institutions,
cliiefs of great industrial and transportation enteri)rises,
generals in the army, commanders in the navy^ — in addi-
tion to these veterans was another class, who lent a
grace to the assembly by their presence. They were
widows, wives and daughters of the men who made the
circuit of the insurgent States in 18(U 65 — Mrs. John A.
Logan, Mrs. Wm B. Hazen, Mrs. Charles Ewing, Mrs.
Chas. K. Hovey, Mrs. Russell A. Alger, Miss Alger, Mrs.
Tho. C. Fletcher, Mrs. Eugene A. Carr, Mrs. Wm. F.
Tucker, Mrs. F. M. Sterrett. Mrs. Wm. Hemstreet, Mrs.
S. N. Hoyt, Mrs. Fletcher White, Mrs. B. F. Chase, and
others.

It was nearly seven o'clock when the in-oceedings
were finally brought to a close, and the great Reunion
became a thing of the past. As before stated, the ad-
journment was without day, ]>ut subject to the call of
the President. Wm. T. Clark,

Secretary.



FIRST rp:union of



SECRETARY'S REPORT.



Grant Tent, Grand Army Place, )
Wayliingtoii, D. C, -i-iiid September, 1892. \

In pursuance of an invitation sent out by our Joint
Committee, and of other announcements, the spacious
Grant Tent, on Grand Army Place, in this city, was filled
to overflowing", Tliursday afternoon, September 22, 1892,
with survivoi's of the Army of the Tennessee. This was
an army meeting proper, composed of officers and men
just as in war times. The call went out to everty comrade
ivho at any time served in the Army of the Tennessee. It
was the first call ever made, embracing all survivors —
officers and privates, of this army ; and the assembled
veterans constituted the first reunion ever held of sur-
vivors of the Army of the Tennessee as a whole.

It was a big assembly. " The great Grant Tent was
packed to the walls with veterans, and the platform was
crowded with some of the most distinguished warriors
and women of the Nation." — Post.

Widows of commanders, who had been specially
invited, and their party were escorted to Grand Army
Place under the direction of Major Wm. C. Carroll, liy
the Logan Camp Sons of Veterans, headed by the Third
Regiment N. G. Band, of Wausau, Wisconsin, and were
assigned the place of honor on the platform at the right
of the presiding officer. " Strains of martial nuisic, with
an occasional salute from a cannon somewhere on the
White Lot, gave the large gathering a mild reminder of
war days " — Star.

After prayer by Major Edgar A. Hamilton, of the
First New York Mounted Rifles, the trumi)eter blew the



AU.MY OK THE TENNESSEE.



Assembly ( \m11 and souiKicd tlic rcxt'illt'. and tlicn (icn-
eral Clias. K. Honcv. on bclinll" of our Joint Coniinittee
of AiTan,i>(Mn('n1s and of tlic peoph* of W'nshinKton,
delivered an address of welcome, and also nominated
Major-General Oliver (). Howard, the only surviving
eommander of the Army of the Tennessee, for President;
Cieo. W. Clark, of the 18tli Cor|)s, Bernard (t. Fan-ar, of
the loth Corps, (irenx illc M. Dodge, of the KJth Corps, and
Jeremiah M. Husk, of the 17th Corps, for Vice-Presidents,
and Wm. 'i\ Clai-k. of the StafT, for Secretary — all to
serve for one year and until their successors are elected.
These nominations weiv confirmed by a vote of the meet-
ing, and the Pi-esident-elect, Ceneral Howard, on coming
forward, delivered an ap[)ropriate address.

Colonel Asa C. Matthews then spoke foi- the IHtli
Corps. General Green B. Kaum for the ir)th. General
Eugene A. Carr for the Kith, Generals (xrenville M.
Dodge and Jeremiah M. Husk for the ITtli. and General
John \y. Noble for the ('avalry. Secretary Clark also
made a short speech, and I'ead letters and telegrams from
absent comrades, and calls for information.

These proceedings wen^ interspersed with old-time
cheers foi- each of the four corps; wilh music by a
splendid band, the VVausau Band of Wisconsin. F. (i.
Dana, Director, which accompanied the Frank P. Biaii-
Grand Army Post, of St. Louis; with "Marching Through
(leorgia." suny- by the whole assembly, under the lead of
Lot Abraham; with the •• Battle of Chicamauga "" and the
"Express Train," drummed by A. F. Springsteen; and
with an ode, entitled the '' Drununer Boy of Mission
Hidge,'' recited by little Miss Florence Lee. wliose father
was drununer for the 13th Illinois Infantry.

The mention of the names of the gallani livinu and
of the heroic dead, alike calle(l forth spontaneous greet-
ing. The greeting given to Morgan i^. Smith was spe-
cially cordial.

Then followed an address by Captain Wm. Hem-



10 FIRST REUNION OF



Reporters' Notes, Addresses, l:te.



(tkaxt Tknt, Ctraxi) Army Place, i
Wasliiimton, I). C, 2"id September, 1892. (

The yiirvivoi's of the Army of tlie Teiinet^yee. who
assembled in the Grant tent, on Grand Army Place,
south of the Executive Mansion, in The city of Washing-
ton, Thursday, September 22, 1SV)2, were called to order
at 8:30 p. m., by General Charles E. Hovey, who there-
ui)on invited Rev. Major Kdgar A. Hamilton to offer
prayer.

When the reverend jjfiitleman had concluded, the
bugle sounded the assembly call and the reveille, after
which General Hovey delivered a brief address of wel-
come.



GENERAL HOVEY'S ADDRESS.

Survirorx of the Amu/ of the Tenne^xee, and C<>inr<Kle>>:

It has fallen to my lot, as chairman of your committee
of arrangements, and on behalf of the good people of
this District, to bid you welcome, and I do so most heart-
ily. This beautiful city of Washington, and of Lincoln,
is glad to see you now and was glad to see you twenty-

^^ ^ Charles Edward Hovey ^rew up on a farm in Tbrt-

•B^ ford, Vt., where be was born in 1S27. He graduated from

^^^^, Dartmouth College in 1853; engaged in educational work to

J^K^^ 1861; volunteered in August, '61. as a common soldier to aid
^^BflC^m^ in supijressing the Rebellion; was appointed Colonel of the
^1^^^^ ^B^ ?jM Illinois Infantry; commanded the Regiment at the battle
^^^^idW^ of Fredericktown. Mo.; superintended the erection of

"Fort Hovey" at Ironton. Mo.; was assigned to the com-
mand of a Brigade; won promotion to Ibe rank of Brigadier General at the
battle of Cache River, Ark., where his advance, less than 000 strong, ran up



ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 11



seven years ai;o. Its rank as tlie Capital of an undivided
and great Republic it owes in part to your services.

The army in wliicli these services were rench^red was
not, it may l)e. a vtn'y large army, measured by numbers,
but was certainly very respectable in size, measured by
wliat it accon)i)lished.

It was also a fortunate army fortunate in its great
('ai)tains. Grant, Sherman, McPherson, Logan, Howard —
fortunate in its great battles, Donelson (voices, "we were
there"], Shiloh [''there too"], Champion Hills |"yes"|,
Missionary Ridge [''yes "J, the hundred days battle from
Chattanooga to Atlanta ["yes"] — fortunate also in its
lesser combats, Fredericktown (I never omit little Fred-
ericktown, not oidy because it was first in time, but
because of Major Gavitt's dashing cavalry charge), Cor-
inth, luka, Arkansas Post, Fort McAllister and hundreds
more — fortunate in its famous marches — very fortunate,
also, in the good fellowship that existed among its officers
and in the absolute confidence between officers and men
— but most fortunate of all in the liigli order of intelli-
gence, the adventurous spirit, the indonu'table courage
of its rank and file.

Such an army, with such leaders, and such a record,
would be likely to be welcome anywhere; certainly its
survivors are vv'elcome here, in this federal city, which
they helped to maintain as the one capital of all the
States.

Of our Army's five connnaiiders, four have passed
over to tile camping grounds on the othei- side. ( )ne only



■'against about fj.OOO effi'ctivcs" under General Rush, and defeated theni.
"Tlie}' retreated." says the Rebel reports. " in i^i-eat disorder across White river."
(ieneral Steele says, "they did not stop riiiiMin!^ until they had gone S miles
south of Little Rock." Uovey commanded the Briunde on the extreme left of
Sherman's army at the ]5attle of Chickasaw Hayou and the Hii^ade on tlie
extreme right of McClcrnand's army at the capture of Arkansas Post, wheie he
was twice wounded. He was brevetted a Major-Generai foi' •■gallant and
meritorious conduct in battle, parlieulariy at Arkansas Post." Since the war he
has resided in Washington City, engaged in the practice of law.



lli FIRST RKUNION OF



is left, or part of one, pcrliaps I slioiild say — so iniicli of
liini as our friends, the enemy, were kind enough not to
shoot away; and I now have the pk^asiire of nominating
this sok^ survivor, General Howard, for presiding ofiicer
of tills reunion, and as onr President for one year and
nntil his successor is elected. [Nominationconcnrred in|.

And 1 also nominate George W. Clark of the l;ith
(■oi-ps, Bernard G. Farrar of tlio 15tli Corps, Grenville M.
I)odg(M)f the 16th Corps, and Jeremiah M. Rusk of the
1 7th Corps for Vice-Presidents; and Wm. T. Clark, our
old Chi(^f of Staff, for Secretary — all to serve for one
year, and until their successors are elected. [Nomina-
tions concurred inj.

And now, Comrades, theve is, of course, no need for
me to introduce your President-elect, your old Com-
mander, General Howard. You all know him. He is
here, and will speak for himself.

GENERAL HOWARD'S ADDRESS.

Mr. (Jh((inn(ni, Lailies and Gentlemen, Conirades:

The instant my mind falls on "the Army of the
Tennessee," or "the Society of the Army of the Tennes-
see," I think of him who organized it, and of his peculiar
characteristics, General U. S. Grant.

Olivkr 0ti(^ Howard was bora in Maine in 1830 and graduated from West
Point Military Academy in 1854. He was at one time assistant jjrofessor of
mathematics in that institution. His first military service was in the Florida or
Seminole Indian War. He entered the volunteer service in 18(51 as Colonel of
the Third Maine Infantry and participated in the first battle of Bull Run, the
seige of ^Oiklown. the battles of Fair Oaks (where he lost his right arm),
Antietam, l^'redericksburg. Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Missionary Ridge,
Atlanta, and many others. He rose from Colonel to Major-Oeneral, and trom
the command of a Regiment to the command of an Army. When rebellion
had ceased he was placed in cliarge of the- Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and
Abandoned Lands. He has since been superintendent of the Military Academy
and has commanded, successively, the Department of the Columbia and of the
Platte, and the Military Divisions of the Pacific and of the Atlantic. He is now
a Major-(4eneral in the Regular Army. He has received the honorary degree of
\Aj. D. from at least three colleges.



ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 13

The (listinsiiisliing feature of all his campaigns and
battles is, that he never stood on the defensive, or,
rather, tliat he always took the ollensive. as most of you
will remember he did at Belmont, at Donelsc»n, Fort
Henry — yes, even at Shiloh ; it was an offensive niarcli !
There the enemy was prom[)t to strike, or lu^ would have
been first struck. Again tlie same thing, the aggressi\'t'
feature, occurred at Vicksburg, at Chattanooga, and all
tlie way fi-om the Rapr)aliainiock to Petersl)urg. winding
ui) at Ai)pomattox. Tliere was vigor. i)ersistency and
final success.

I heard a member of the Army of tlie Tennessee, in
tlie ranks, say that all he wanted to satisfy him in any
movement, was to see General Grant, and he could
always recognize him l)y seeing the back of his head

I next think of (General Slierman, and the vigor of
his operations with his army ; and who can forget his
superb peronality? The large minded, large hearted,
beloved Sherman !

Then the next connnander, the talented McPherson.
It appeared to be my fate to follow McPherson. He was
cadet (piartermaster [at West Point]; so was I, the next
year. He was President of the Dialectic Society; so
was I in succession. He commanded the Army of the
Tennessee; and after his death, and a few days interval,
then, by the recommendation of Shei'man and Thomas, I
came to follow him in the command. Durin.u- the intei -
\al. General John A. Logan first successfully linished
the battle of the 1>-Jd of July, and then held his. M.dNier-
son's, position till my assignment. Who does not
remember Logan ^ A name which is a household woi-d
tliroiiyhout the land. My recollections of him are lilled
with mingled feelings of gratification and sorrow. Grati-
fication tiiat we knew each other; that we rode side by
side hundreds of miles in the march from th(> sea through
the Carolinas. I thiid< of him in battlel Tlie l)attle
roused him to his utmost activity and energy. When he



14 FIRST REUNION OF



gave till (jrder, that order was Kiire to be at once obeyed.
We have sorrow that he is gone — to participate no more
with us in these grand occasions. But I may say of liim,
as I said of Slierman shortly before his death, and in his
presence, "' he will never die !" Sherman declared, "My
body will die !" "But,'' I said: "Your body, General,
is not you.'' Grant lives, Sherman lives, Logan lives, and
God grant, comrades, that we may so live as to meet
them again.

It was my good fortune to command the army we
represent, the army represented here to-day, in the tinal
operations about Atlanta ; then from Atlanta to the sea,
and on through the Carolinas, till the last battle at Ben-
tonville. We marched thence, you will remember it,
comrades, with great rapidity, averaging 25 miles a day,
all the way from Raleigh to Richmond, Va. You came
on, over-land, from Riclimond and finally, 27 years ago,
passed in review before the President's stand.

To-day a remnant has done the same. I myself rode
in the column, and then passed to the reviewing stand
and watched tlie veteran ranks. The march was difi'er-
ent. Behold aged frames, trembling knees, decrepid
bodies, often putting on an assumed vigor, a strength not
real. It was hard for the fiag-bearers to keep up their
banners, yet they did it from the indomitable resolu-
tion of their hearts. The contrast is affecting between
the then and the now ; but comradeship makes us to-day
proud and satisfied. We cannot but feel so, as we look
around us in the Nation's Capital.

As we look upon yonder monument but recently
completed ; as we look upon the i)arks, the av^enues, the
streets nicely paved, the circles studded with monuments
of our heroes ; as we look upon the Capitol and remem-
ber that the glorious statue of liberty was not there and
could not be there properly until after the war; as we
look upon these and other reminders of the Nation's
growth and greatness, do we not rightly take to ourselves



AKMY OB- THE TENNESSEE. 15

the credit that the Army of the Tennesse hiri^ely con-
tributed to the preservation of our common country^
That ))ut for us and our other comrades in arms this
Republic wouhl have been torn into shreds i

Comrades, we shall pi-obably not meet a,i>ain, cer-
tainly not all of us, in the Capitol of the Nation. May
we not mt^et in the bright, beautiful land where a large
part of our fellowship has already been inaugurated^

The President's address was followed by '" Recollec-
tions of the War," played by the Wausau Band of Wis-
consin, and tlien came an address on behalf of tlie 13th
Army Corps.

Upon introducing Colonel Matthews to speak for the
13th Corps, General Howard, whose advent in the neigh-
borhood of the Army of the Tennessee hai)pened to be
after this corps had been detached and sent away,
remarked jocosely, that the 13th Corps had hitherto been
somewhat of a myth to him, but he Avas now glad to be
able to introduce so accomi)lislied and substantial an
individual as Colonel Matthews to represent and speak
for it on this occasion.



COLONEL MATTHEWS' ADDRESS.

Oom7r(des:

Your worthy Chairman, in introducing me as a rep-
resentative of the 13th Army Corps, facetiously remarked,
after sizing me up, that he had always regarded the 13th
Army Corps as a ''kind of a myth." If he will take the



Colonel A. C. Matthews is 55 years old, iuid was
born in Illinois. He was graduated from Illinois Coliei;:*'
in 1855. and at once eouimenced the study of law in the
otHce of Milton Hay, at Pittsfield, Illinois. He was
admitted to the bar in 1858, and continued tho practice
until he entered the military service. He enlisted as a
private soldier in the 99th Illinois Regiment, was soon
commissioned Captain, and regularly went through the




16 FIRST REUNION OF



statementt^ I will make as history, and I firmly believe
they are, or should be, he will coiu-lude before I am
through that he was mistaken, and that that corps was
no "myth." I want to state to you in advance of what I
may say, that no better body of men ever assembled in
this country than the troops composing that corps. The
cori)s itself was first commanded ]:»y General Grant. At one
time it numbered over 90,00() men, and was the first corps
carved out and well understood and known in the west,
to my knowledge. The troops had fouglit at Fort Henry,
Donelson, Shiloli and Corinth, and on the lltli day of
January, 18G3, took Arkansas Post. iShortly before that,
however, the corps had been divided into four corps, viz:
the 13th, 15th, l(3th and 17th, and when so divided they
were organized and known as the Army of the Tennes-
see. That army was under the immediate personal com-
mand of General Grant himself.

The Army of the Tennessee, thus organized, assem-
bled on the w^est bank of the Mississippi river at Milliken's
Bend and vicinity, in the spring of 1863, bent on cai)tur-
ing Vicksburg and opening the Mississippi river. In the


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Online LibraryAssociation of survivors of the Army of the TennesFirst reunion of the survivors of the Army of the Tennessee and its four corps → online text (page 1 of 15)